DIE Sabbati, videlicet, 24 die Novembris,
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THIS Day, the Lord Keeper reported to the House
the Message delivered by his Lordship, from the King's
Majesty, unto both the Houses, on Wednesday last, to
Ld. Keeper's Report of a Message from the King to both Houses.
"May it please your Highness and this Noble House;
If I had in my Breast but the least Dram of those
high Thoughts, which the Roman Orator had in his,
when he said Nihil dixi quod dixisse pæniteat, that he
never spake in his Life any one Word that he repented of; I should not have been so unwilling (as through
my Nescience of that Order of the House I was) to
have made a Repetition of my other Day's Message.
But, in good Faith, my Performance thereof was so
weak, that I had good Cause to desire it might be
rather (for the Manner and all the Interest which I
had therein) buried in Oblivion than revived with a
second Repetition. And yet, considering the best
Sacrifice I can offer up to this Noble Company, is
my Humility and Obedience, I will be unto myself
as Phocion was unto Demosthenes, a Kind of Chopping
Knife, to cut off the Superstuities of that Declaration
which wearied all your Lordships the other Day.
"I divided (according to my Method indeed, but His
Majesty's Matter) the whole Narrative to Six several
Parts: First, The Antecedents. Secondly, The Occasion. Thirdly, The Pattern. Fourthly, The Call.
Fifthly, The Form; as Lastly, The Continuance of
this present Assembly. One of these Parts I let fall in
the Division, but took it up again in the Discourse
"My Antecedents comprehended the several Effects
of His Majesty's Gracious Care over the Kingdom,
sithence the last Recess, or Departure, of this Assembly. How the Three Petitions presented from both
Houses by my Lord's Grace of Canterbury were really
answered. First, the Matter of Trade and Distribution of new Manufactures to the several Out Parts of
the Kingdom conveniently established. Secondly, the
Importation of Bullion, and Conservation of Coin
within the Land, discussed, committed, and referred.
Thirdly, and lastly, the Exportation of Iron Ordnance firmly prohibited. Then I presented to the
Noble Houses the Proclamation of Grace, wherein
were reformed Six or Seven and Thirty several Natures, complained of as publick Grievances, all of
them (without the least Trucking or Merchandizing
with the People, a Thing usual in former Times),
out of His Majesty's Zeal of Justice, and no other
Consideration in the World, rooted out and eternally
abolished. And here I crossed the Seas to our Neighbour Kingdom, and touched upon the Reformation
of Ireland, begun by a Plot projected by the Council
of the one, polished by the Council of the other, and
now to be perfected by Commissioners chosen out
from both the Kingdoms. Those I called the Fruits
of His Majesty's Vacation, and the Antecedents of
"The Occasion of this Assembly I partly fastened
upon some Antecedents from Abroad, but principally upon a Declaration at Home, recorded and divulged far and near by the Representative Commonalty of this Kingdom. I know your Lordships
have perused the same their noble Manifesto of the
Fourth of June. This I made bold to analyze a little,
and observed (without altering Phrase or Word) Four
Circumstances in the same, to the which I applied
Four Answers, warranted to a Syllable by His Majesty's Directions, as (I hope) my Lords here of the
Council will bear me Witness. First, His Majesty
was encouraged to travel a little longer in His pious
Endeavours, to procure a Peace by way of Treaty.
I declared from His Majesty, that all this was done;
I wish I could have said as profitably, as I could well
say chargeably. Secondly, His Majesty was besought
this Treaty might not be over-lingered and delayed.
I shewed them from the King, that no more it was;
and produced for a Testimony the speedy Return of
that Noble Lord employed in this Service. Thirdly,
His Majesty was petitioned, upon the Non-proficiency
of this Treaty and His pious Endeavours, to signify
His Pleasure in an open Parliament. I told them
from the King, that this Petition was likewise granted,
and was the principal Cause that both the Houses
were now re-assembled. Lastly, His Majesty is assured, that, upon this Signification, &c. I shewed them
from His Majesty, that peaceable Courses are not so
effectual, and the Breaches were now grown so wide
and desperate, &c. And thus I stated the Occasion of
"In the Third Place, I touched upon an Heroical
Act of His Majesty, which I called a Pattern for this
present Assembly. And that is, the Advancement of
Forty Thousand Pounds, to keep together the Body
of an Army in the Lower Palatinate, the which had
otherwise been dissolved before this Parliament could
be assembled. I noted that, without this, their Resolution had been lost; and so will all this be, without
their further Resolution.
"In the Fourth Place, I excused the Call of this Assembly, which might seem to some Men not to be so
punctual; and shewed them that, as War itself, so
are the Summons thereof, accompanied with Disorder
and Confusion. For in Matters of this Nature (as I
noted out of a good Author) Quo legitimum, &c.
Those Parliaments which stand upon their Precise, &c.
"Fifthly, I touched upon the Form of this Assembly,
which His Majesty's Pleasure was should imitate rather
ancient than modern Precedents, that all, &c. and all
cunning and malicious Diversions avoided (for such
Things your Lordships well know there are in the
World) they should soundly, really, &c.
"In the last Place, I came unto the Continuance of
this Assembly, which His Majesty limits at this Time
Time to some Seven or Eight Days before the Festivals;
but renews again the Eighth of February, to last and
continue for the enacting of Laws, and perioding of
these Reformations, as long as the Necessity of the
State shall require the same.
"And now I have presented unto your Lordships
the natural Bird, as it came from the Nest, without so
much as a Feather of my own Invention.
"This is no Speech, but the short Minims of His
Majesty's Directions. I will only add, First, my Preface, containing His Majesty's Indisposition rather
than Absence; for absent His Majesty thought he
could not be, as long as he was (fn. *) represented by such a
Son: A Son, of whom I may say (as Pliny did of
Cæsennius Pætus's) Parenti non minus ob alia charus
quam quod Filius sit, as dear to His Majesty for many
other respects, as because he is his Son. And then
my double Prayer. The one to your Lordships, which
now I repeat again, and make for myself, for the
Time past, present, and to come, to pardon the
Weakness and innumerable Imperfections of your
most unworthy Speaker; the other unto God, for
your Lordships, to be present and President in this
Ld. Digby's Report of the Message concerning Spain; &c.
The Lord Digby also made a short Repetition of that
Part of the Message, which his Lordship delivered at
the same Time: videlicet,
"In the Delivery of the said Message, I presented
these Three Considerations.
"1. His Majesty's Proceedings, and the Issue of
"2. The State of the Business at this present.
"3. What Redress was fittest.
"I began with His Majesty's Proceedings from the
unfortunate Overthrow of Prague; upon the News
whereof, His Majesty instantly considered what was
to be done, and resolved that the best was to keep
the Princes of the Union in Arms; and that, to continue their Army, His Majesty sent them Thirty
Thousand Pounds by Albertus Morton.
"Then His Majesty dispatched Sir Edward Villiers
into Silesia, to setch the Palsgrave's Submission unto
the Emperor, upon such Conditions as His Majesty
should think it.
"And His Majesty then also sent me unto the Archduke Albertus, to propound a Reconciliation; and
sent to him first, for that he had the greatest Stroke
in the Affairs of the Empire, and greatest Command
over the Spanish Army, in regard the Emperor had
all his Greatness (saving a few little Provinces) by Resignation from the said Archduke.
"The Archduke willingly assented to a Reconciliation
in Favour of His Majesty; and, to that End, the
Archduke writ his Letters to the Emperor and the
King of Spayne.
"And, in the interim, the Princes of the Union grew
to disband; whereupon the Archduke, to shew his
Willingness to a Reconciliation, did procure Spinola
to cease from Arms; and, by that Means, the Palatinate was saved, which otherwise had been lost; the
which Cessation continued all the Archduke's Lifetime.
"Sir Edward Villeires and I returned into England,
both about one Time; I bringing with me the Cefsation from War, and he the Palsgrave's Submission.
"Now was the Business prepared, and ready for the
General Treaty, which His Majesty at the first intended to have with the Emperor, touching the Reconciliation; and (fn. †) was employed in that Errand, accompanied with Letters of Commendation from the
Kings of Spayne, France, Poland, and Denmarke.
"The Propositions which I was to make to the Emperor were, That the Palsgrave should be restored
to his Lands and Honour, in all Points as he enjoyed
them when he married His Majesty's Daughter; the
Palsgrave submitting himself to the Emperor, upon
such Conditions as the Emperor and His Majesty
should agree of.
"The Emperor answered, That he was willing to
gratify His Majesty His Demands, for the great Moderation which he had (fn. *) experienced in His Majesty, in
the Business of Bohemia, so as the King would undertake for the Palsgrave's Submission; but the Emperor
did refer the concluding of the Business unto a Diet.
"Then I made Second Propositions; to wit, That
War might cease until Matters were debated by a Diet.
"Unto which the Emperor answered, That he did
not take it that it was a War, or Hostility, that he
waged against the Palsgrave; yet, in Favour to His
Majesty, he would agree to a Cessation.
"After this, the Emperor did hasten the Diet; the
Princes denied their Appearance at the same, in regard they were, in that troublesome Time, to look
unto themselves and stand upon their Guard. Whereupon I moved the Emperor to send to every Prince,
and to acquaint him with His Majesty's Propositions;
which the Emperor did accordingly.
"And, upon Answer of the Princes, the Emperor
wrote his Letters to His Majesty, to answer to His
Majesty's Propositions, which I received, thinking all
Business had been in Effect fully concluded on; in
which Letters of the Emperor's there was contained,
That the Emperor had written to the Duke of Bavaria, and the Infanta, for a Cessation from Arms; and
that himself had granted a Cessation, upon my Promise either to procure Count Mansfeild to lay down
his Arms, or else His Majesty to declare Count Mansfeild an Enemy; and, in those Letters, the Emperor
did write, that he would not take up Arms again,
until Three Months after that he had given Notice
to His Majesty, that he would renew War.
"Where I shewed the Reason why the Emperor
could not agree upon any Truce, without the Duke
"First, in respect of the Emperor's Agreement in
the Begining of the Troubles, neither to make a War
or Peace without the Consent of the Duke; which
happened because that, upon the former Truce made
by the Archduke, the Soldiers that were in the Lower
Palatinate, and wanted Employment, came up into
the Higher Palatinate, to Count Maunsfeild, and much
infested the Duke of Bavaria.
"Secondly, in regard the Duke of Bavaria had a
great part of Austria in Pledge, for his Satisfaction.
"Thirdly, in regard the Emperor was barred of all
other Passage but through Bavaria, by Bethlem, Gabar, Jaggerensorpe, and Budianus.
"I, coming to Count Maunsfeild to treat with him
about laying down of his Arms, found plainly, that
the Duke of Bavaria had, from the Beginning, affected to get unto himself the Palatinate, and the Title of Elector.
"And the Duke of Bavaria, in his Letters which he
wrote to me (upon Receipt of the Emperor's Letter
writ unto him touching the Truce), did discover his
Intention; for he wrote, I should not need to labour
for a Truce, for the Wars were at an End, in that he
had agreed with Count Maunsfeild; so that he doubted not to keep both the Palatinates in Peace until the
Emperor and the Palsgrave were agreed; and here I
noted that the Duke's Answer was a bitter Erision.
"The Infanta refused to have a Truce; and acquainted me, that such was the Emperor's Mind also; whereupon I observed that the Emperor's Answer to His
Majesty's Propositions had been deferred, so that now
it was come, either that His Majesty must leave His
Children, or else denounce War.
"Touching the present Estate of the Palatinate, I
shewed, that Count Maunsfeild was come down into
the Lower Palatinate with Sixteeen Thousand Men,
and Sir Horrace Vere had more some Five Thousand,
all these having endured the Hardness of War some
Two Years; and here I observed, that much was
saved by this Means, which would have been spent in
raising, arming, and carrying off, so many Thousand
Soldiers into that Place.
"I said further, that those of the Palatinate had lived
free from Oppression and Rapine, under the Spanish
Army; and that therefore some speedy Course was
to be taken for sending of Money into the Palatinate,
lest Maunsfeild's Soldiers, through Want, should be
driven to fall to Spoil, and distaste those of the Palatinate, and breed a Liking of them of the Spanish Government.
"I further noted, that Count Maunsfeild's Army did
not consist of Men, which fought for their Country,
Wives or Children, but for Money; which they
must have speedily, or they are gone. And if Count
Maunsfeild, for Want of Pay, should take a Mislike,
he might, for Honour or other Reward, fall off to the
Emperor; and then all were lost.
"I also briefly described unto them the present State
of all Christendom, the Power of the Emperor, and of
the Five Armies maintained by the King of Spaine.
That the Forces of the Princes of the Union were
disbanded, and that the Catholic League doth continue
and hold firm.
"I noted further, how bravely Sir Horrace Vere and
Captain Borrough had behaved themselves of late in
the Palatinate; and that, by the Wisdom and Valour
of Sir Horrace, there was kept from the Enemy Hedeleburgh, being a Place of small Strength, Maynham a
very strong Town, Frankendall, which had endured a
Month's Siege, and Wormes, which is the present State
of the Palatinate.
"Touching what Redress was fittest, I concluded,
that it was fit to cherish and keep that Army which
is already there, which must be with Supply of Money;
and more Forces must be prepared against next Spring,
as we might have there an Army of our own, to the
strengthening of the Palatinate, and Encouragement of
the Princes of the Union.
"This I recommended unto them; and wished that
every one should shew his Zeal and Affection unto
His Majesty herein."
Lord Treasurer's Report of the Message concerning the State of the Finances.
The Lord Treasurer also reported, That the Part of
the Message, which his Lordship delivered, was to this
"That his Lordship declared unto them the present
Estate of the Exchequer, and Smallness of His Majesty's Revenues; and that the Two Subsidies granted
this Parliament are spent about the Palatinate.
"That the Business now in Hand requires a great
and speedy Supply, wherein His Majesty had taken
some Course out of his own; and his Lordship doubted not but that the Commons would add thereunto,
and perform what they had so nobly promised in
their Manifesto: The disposing whereof they needed
not to doubt, for that His Majesty intends the same to
be wholly employed for the Recovery of the Palatinate.
"And that his Lordship wished the Commons to
handle the Business so as they might make the King
in Love with the Parliaments."
Exportation of Ordnance.
The Names of the Lords of the Bill against Transportation of Iron Ordnance, were read; and Ordered,
That, if the major Part of those Lords which are now
in Town do meet, then the Committee to proceed.
The Names of the Lords Committees on the Bill
concerning Monopolies were read; and their Lordships
are to meet on Tuesday next, the Twenty-seventh of
this November, at Two in the Afternoon, in the Painted
Exportation of Money.
The Names of the Lords Committees against Transportation of Money, &c. were read; and their Lordships
are to meet on Wednesday next, the Twenty-eighth of
this November, at Two in the Afternoon, in the Painted
Chamber; and Sir Thomas Smyth, one of the EastIndia Company, is to have Notice then to attend their
Orders of the House, &c.
It is likewise Agreed, That the Grand Committee
of the Customs and Orders of this House, and Privileges of the Peers of the Kingdom, or Lords of Parliament, do meet every Thursday, at Two in the
Afternoon, in the Painted Chamber. And then the
Lords Sub-Committees for the said Customs and Privileges to make an Account unto them what they
"To the Right Honourable the Lords Spiritual
and Temporal in His Majesty's High Court
of Parliament assembled.
"The humble Petition of William Cowse, now Prisoner
in Ludgate, and Servant to the Right Honourable
the Lord Stafford.
"That whereas, your Petitioner being his Lordship's Servant, it pleased his Lordship to grant unto
your Petitioner his Protection; and yet, notwithstanding, your Petitioner (by James Moorton and
Robert Campion, Officers to the Sheriffs of London),
upon the 30th of June last, was arrested in Execution, at the Suit of one Mr. Goade and William
Jennynges, and hath been ever since detained in Prison, and several Suits by other Men prosecuted against
him; all his Goods being seized, and, by Reason
thereof, your Petitioner was not able to pay his Rent,
and so forfeited the Lease of his House at Michaelmas
last, being worth Three Hundred Pounds to be sold,
and your Petitioner quite cast out of his House.
"May it therefore please your Honours to take
the same into your Honourable Considerations,
and to free your Petitioner, according to the
Privilege of your House and Honourable
Court of Parliament, as also according to an
Act of Parliament made in Primo of His
Majesty. And that your Honours would be
likewise pleased to question the said Goad for
his contemptuous Words; saying, He neither
regarded the Protection, nor your Lordships
Orders, nor any Thing else your Lordships
could do, no more than he regarded a Rush.
"And your Petitioner, his Wife and Children,
shall daily pray for your Honours Happiness."
This Petition being read, it was Ordered, That
His Majesty's Writ of Habeas corpus cum causa be
awarded out of the Chancery, directed unto the Sheriffs
of London, to bring the Body of the Petitioner (William
Cowse), before their Lordships, on Monday next, by
Nine in the Morning.
And it was likewise Ordered, That the Serjeant at
Arms, attendant on this House, shall bring before
their Lordships, at the same Time, the Bodies of the
said James Moorton and Robert Campion, who made
the said Arrest, and of William Goad and William
Jennyngs, at whose Suit the said Petitioner was arrested, to answer their High Contempt, for Breach of
the Privileges of this House.
Dominus Custos Magni Sigilli declaravit præsens
Parliamentum continuandum esse usque in diem Lunæ
proximum, videlicet, 26m diem instantis Novembris,
hora 9a, Dominis sic decernentibus.