DIE Jovis, videlicet, decimo nono die Februarii,
Domini tam Spirituales quam Temporales, quorum nomina subscribuntur, præsentes fuerunt:
p. Carolus Princeps Walliæ, etc.
p. Archiepus. Cant.
p. Epus. London.
p. Epus. Dunelm.
p. Epus. Winton.
p. Epus. Hereforden.
p. Epus. Wigorn.
p. Epus. Rossen.
p. Epus. Co. et Lich.
p. Epus. Bath. et W.
p. Epus. Bangor.
p. Epus. Elien.
p. Epus. Oxon.
p. Epus. Cestren.
p. Epus. Landaven.
p. Epus. Sarum.
p. Epus. Exon.
p. Epus. Meneven.
p. Epus. Bristol.
|p. Epus. Lincoln, Ds. Custos Mag. Sigilli.
p. Comes Middlesex, Mag. Thes. Angliæ.
p. Vicecomes Maundevill, Præs. Conc. Domini Regis.
p. Comes Wigorn. Ds. Custos Privati Sigilli.
p. Dux Buckingham, Mag. Adm. Angliæ.
p. Comes Oxon. Magnus Camerar. Angliæ.
p. Comes Arundell et Surr. Comes Mar. Angliæ.
p. Comes Cantabr. Senescallus Hospitii.
p. Comes Pembrooke, Camerar. Hospitii.
p. Comes Kancii.
p. Comes Rutland.
p. Comes South'ton.
p. Comes Essex.
p. Comes Lincoln.
p. Comes Suffolciæ.
p. Comes Dorsett.
p. Comes Sarum.
p. Comes Exon.
p. Comes Mountgomery.
p. Comes Bridgwater.
p. Comes North'ton.
p. Comes Devon.
p. Comes Holdernesse.
p. Comes Carlile.
p. Comes Denbigh.
p. Comes Angles.
p. Vicecomes Mountague.
p. Vicecomes Wallingford.
p. Vicecomes Maunsfeild.
p. Vicecomes Colchester.
p. Vicecomes Rochford.
p. Vicecomes Andever.
p. Ds. Abergavenny.
p. Ds. Willoughby de E.
p. Ds. Lawarr.
p. Ds. Berkley.
p. Ds. Morley et M.
p. Ds. Dacres de Herst.
p. Ds. Stafford.
p. Ds. Duddeley.
p. Ds. Stowrton.
Ds. Herbert de Shep.
Ds. Darcy et Men.
p. Ds. Vaux.
p. Ds. Windsore.
p. Ds. Wentworth.
p. Ds. Mordant.
p. Ds. St. John de Bas.
p. Ds. Cromewell.
p. Ds. Evre.
p. Ds. Pagett.
p. Ds. North.
p. Ds. St. John de Blet.
p. Ds. Howard de W.
p. Ds. Russell.
p. Ds. Grey de Groby.
p. Ds. Petre.
p. Ds. Spencer.
p. Ds. Say et Seale.
p. Ds. Denny.
p. Ds. Stanhope de H.
p. Ds. Carew.
Ds. Arundell de W.
p. Ds. Haughton.
p. Ds. Teynham.
Ds. Stanhope de Sh.
p. Ds. Noel.
p. Ds. Brooke.
p. Ds. Mountague.
p. Ds. Cary of Lepp.
p. Ds. Grey of W.
MEMORANDUM, That on Thursday, the 19th
of February, in the One and Twentieth Year of the
Reign of our Sovereign Lord James, by the Grace
of God, of England, Fraunce, and Ireland, Defender
of the Faith, &c. and of Scotland the Seven and Fiftieth, being the First Day of this Parliament, His Majesty, sitting in His Royal Throne, and the Lords
Spiritual and Temporal and the Commons also being
present, it pleased His Majesty to declare the Cause
of Summons of this said Parliament, to this Effect:
"My Lords Spiritual, (fn. *) and you that are Gentlemen
of the House of Commons of this present
"It is a true Saying, and uttered by the Spirit of
God, That the Glory of a King stands in the Multitude
of His People. And I am sure, it is as true, that the
Strength of a Kingdom stands next, and immediately
after God's Protection, in the Hearts of the People.
That you may see, and have a Proof, that I have
not this only in My Tongue, but have it likewise settled in My Heart (as God can bear Me Record), and
that every Way; I have therefore called you, at this
Time, to speak freely My Mind unto you; for, remembering many Misunderstandings between Me and
you before, I am now brought hither with an earnest
Desire to do My Duty that God hath called Me
unto, by declaring unto you the Verity of this, that
God hath put in My Heart, and to manifest My
Actions to be true by My Words. I remember very
well, it is a very fit Similitude for a King and His
People to be like to a Husband and Wife, for even as
Christ, in whose Throne I sit in this Part of the
Earth, is Husband to the Church, and the Church is
His Spouse, so I likewise desire to be your Husband,
and ye should be My Spouse; and therefore, as it is
the Husband's Part to cherish his Wife, to entreat
her kindly, and reconcile himself towards her, and
procure her Love by all Means, so it is My Part to
do the like to My People.
"There are but Two Ways of a King to shew His
Love to His People; one, in the constant good Government of His People, which is perpetual during
His Life; the other, in His Behaviour to the Representative Body of the Parliament; for the one, God
knoweth, I never failed in it; I cannot do as well as
I should; but, God knoweth, I desire My Government should be performed with an honest, just, true,
and sincere Heart; and there is none of you that see
or hear Me this Day, but have found the Fruit of
it, one Time or other. For the other Point, belonging to the Representative Body, which is now the
Cause of calling you together, what greater Evidence can there be, to shew Love between you and
Me, and between Me and you (that are the Representative Body in a right Understanding), than, out
of My own Mouth and Direction, to give you a
Taste of My Love and Care of you all?
"The Properties and Causes of calling a Parliament
(and so go the Writs) are, to confer with the King, and
give Him their Advice in Matters of greatest Weight
and Importance: For this Cause have I now called
you together, that ye may have Proof of My Love,
and of My Trust: I have now called you to give Me
your Advices in the greatest Matter that ever could
concern any King; a greater Declaration of My Confidence in you I cannot give.
"I have been these many Years upon Treaties; but,
so far as I thought (and, God is My Witness, I never
had any other Intention), for settling a Peace in
Christendom, and settling of Peace at Home; and, in
these Treaties, I went long on; but, finding in them a
slower Success than I expected, or had Reason to do,
I was willing, and especially in one Thing concerning
the Estate of My Grand-children, to see a good and
speedy End. And in this finding as great Promises as
I could wish, and yet finding their Actions clean contrary, it stirred up My Son to offer himself to make
that Journey; and I thank God, having him here now,
I have no Cause to repent it; for, being of fit Age and
Ripeness for Marriage, he urged Me to know the Certainty in a Matter of so great Weight, that he might
not be put off with long Delays, for Delay in such a
Case is more dangerous than Denial. In it I was content, as a rare Example, to grant his Desire, and with
him I only sent the Man whom I most trusted, Buckingham, commanding him never to leave him, nor to
return Home without him; and I thank God for it,
for it hath learned Me a Wisdom, for in generalibus
versatur dolus: I had general Hopes before, but Particulars will resolve Matters, Generals will not: and,
before this Journey, Things came to Me as raw, as if
I had never treated of them before; and I was as far
disappointed of My Ends, as if I had been waked out of
a Dream. Now I have put it into a Certainty; and
whereas I walked in a Mist before, I have now brought
it to Particulars. Now, My Lords, for the Particulars,
they are gone so far, as both in the Treaty of the Match
and of the Palatinate I know the utmost; I am resolved
what may be, what I am like to obtain, and have had
Promises and Projects, and that some of them very
lately. But, to shew the Trust that I put in you, I am
content, that My Secretaries, with the Information and
Assistance of My Son and Buckingham, shall relate unto
you all. And, when you have heard all Super totam
materiam, I shall then intreat your good and found Advice, for the Glory of God, the Peace of the Kingdom,
and Weal of My Children. Never King gave more
Trust to His Subjects than to desire their Advice in
Matters of this Weight: For, I assure you, ye may
freely advise Me, seeing, of My Princely Fidelity, ye
are intreated thereunto. And never Subjects had better Hearts and Experience to give Me good Advice
than you, of which I make no Doubt; for, if you
love yourselves, you will give Me good Advice, your
own Felicity depending upon it.
"One Particular I must remember you of, because it
hath been much talked of in the Country, that I should
be slack in My Care of Religion for other Occasions.
"My Lords, and you Gentlemen all, I pray you judge
Me charitably, as you would have Me to judge you; for
I never made public nor private Treaties, but I always
made a direct Reservation for the Weal Public, and
Cause of Religion, for the Glory of God, and Good of
My Subjects; I only thought good sometimes to wink
and connive at the Execution of some Penal Statutes,
and not to go on so rigorously as at other Times; but
to dispense with any, to forbid or alter any that concern
Religion, I never promised or yielded; I never did
think it with My Heart, nor speak it with My Mouth.
It is true, a skilful Horseman doth not always use the
Spur; but must sometimes use the Bridle, and sometimes the Spur. So a King, that governs wisely, is not
bound to carry a rigorous Hand over His Subjects
upon all Occasions, but may sometimes slacken the
Bridle, yet so as His Hands be not laid off the Reins.
And so much for that Point to be cleared upon all
"Now, albeit it be a great Matter to require your Advice, yet in this I pray remember the Weight of the
Business, and Shortness of the Time, and spend as little
Time as you may. For, as I told you before, Delay
is Destruction to such weighty Occasions; I cannot limit
you Hours and Days; but your own Hearts must do it;
for every Man by Nature thinks the Time long here,
according to his own Occasions at Home. Therefore,
consider the State of Christendom, and the State of My
Grand-children, My own Estate, and the State of My
Kingdom, the Treaties, and all; and then upon all
you are to give Me your Advice.
"My Lords, it is not enough, although you are never
so willing to give Me your Advice (for to plant will
not serve Turn), if, like a good Gardiner, I do not, as
well as plant, weed away from the Roots, and take
away the Obstacle that hinders your so happy Advice
in deliberating of these Businesses, of which the whole
Weed and manifest Hindrance that can be is your
Jealousy of Me: Free Me from that, and for My Actions I dare avow them before God and his Angels.
But Jealousy hath a deep Sting; take away that, and
nothing can do you Harm: You are my Wife, and Jealousy is subject to a Wife; therefore remove it, and be
not jealous of Me: For Matters of Privileges, Liberties, and Customs, be not over-curious; I am your
own kindly King, ye never shall find Me curious in
these Things; therefore do what you ought, and no
more than your lawful Liberties and Privileges will
permit, and ye shall never see Me curious to the contrary: I had rather maintain your Liberties than alter
them in any Thing; shew a Trust in Me, and go on
honestly, as you ought to do, like good and faithful
Subjects; and what you shall have Warrant for, go
on; and I will not be curious, unless you give Me too
"The next Thing is, to beware that you take not in
Hand the maintaining of idle Questions amongst you,
which spoils great Businesses. Remember, beware of
Genealogies and curious Questions, as St. Paul speaks;
and do keep you to the Ground and Gravity of the
great Business for which I call you; and next, for all
other Things that are for the great Good, and Wellgoverning of the Kingdom; and let not any stir you
up to Law Questions, Debates, Quirks, Tricks, and
Jerks: but continue yourselves in that honest Modesty,
whereby you may have My Prayers to God for you,
and procure the Love of Me, and a happy End to this
"God judge Me, I speak as a Christian Prince; never
Man, in a dry and sandy Wilderness, where no Water
is, did thirst more in hot Weather for Drink, than I
do now for a happy Conclusion of this Parliament.
And now I hope, after the Miscarriage of Three, this
may prove happy. I am neither curious nor captious
Eschew all Occasions of curious Questions, that may
hinder you in this great Cause, for which I have called
you; and remember, that spending of Time is spoiling
of Business. And this I hope in God, and that by a
Faith in God, that, by your Actions this Parliament,
I shall clearly see your Hearts; and that you are the
true Representative Body of My Subjects. For you
know in your Consciences, that, of all the Kings that
ever were, I dare say, never King was better beloved of
his People than I am. Therefore, be ye true Glasses
and Mirrors of their Faces; and be sure you yield
true Reflections and Representations, as you ought to
do. And, this doing, I hope you shall not only find
the Blessing of God, but also by these Actions procure
the Thanks and Love of the whole People, for being
so true and faithful Glasses. And you shall never find
Me desire any Thing of you, but what shall tend to
the common Good and Weal of the Kingdom."
Commons directed to choose a Speaker.
His Majesty having ended His Speech, the Lord
Keeper removed from his Place; and having conferred
(upon his Knees) with His Majesty, returned, and signified unto the Commons His Majesty's Pleasure, That
they assemble in their House, and choose one of their
Members to be their Speaker, and to present him here to
His Majesty on Saturday next, at Two in the Afternoon.
And then the Names of the Receivers and Triers of
Petitions were read by the Clerk.
Dominus Custos Magni Sigilli, ex Jussu Domini
Regis, continuavit præsens Parliamentum usque in diem
Sabbati proximum, in pomeridiano, hora 2a.