DIE Veneris, 13 die Junii,
Domini tam Spirituales quam Temporales, quorum nomina subscribuntur, præsentes fuerunt:
Epus. Co. et Lich.
Epus. Bath. et W.
|Ds. Coventrey, Dominus Custos Magni Sigilli.
Co. Marleborough, Mag. Thesaur. Angliæ.
Comes Maunchester, Præs. Concilii Domini Regis.
Dux Buckingham, Magnus Admirallus Angliæ.
Comes Lindsey, Mag. Camer. Angliæ.
Comes Arundell et Surr. Comes Marescall. Angliæ.
Comes Pembroc, Senesc. Hospitii.
Comes Mountgomery, Camer. Hospitii.
Vicecomes Say et Seale.
Ds. St. John de Bas.
Ds. Stanhope de Har.
Ds. Stanhope de Sh.
Witness in Becknet's Cause.
JURATUS in Causa Millisent Becknett:
To make true Answer before the Committee for Petitions.
Bowars at the Bar.
According to the Order of this House, 30 Maii last,
Raph Bowars, Ensign-bearer to the Company of Soldiers billeted at Bromesgrave, in Worcestershire, was this
Day brought to the Bar; and the Information of
John Biddle upon Oath, and the Examinations,
taken by the Committee for Petitions, of John Hill and
Jervis Penn, being read, which affirmed the Words contained in the said Order of 30 Maii, to be spoken by
the said Bowars; it was Ordered, The said Raph Bowars to be committed unto The Fleet, until he find Sureties for his good Behaviour.
Message (fn. *) from the Commons, by Sir Edward Cooke
Message from the H. C. for a Conference touching a Commission to levy Money by Impositions, &c.
That the Commons desire a Free Conference with the
Lords, concerning a Commission, dated 28th of February last, for levying of Monies by Impositions or otherwise, directed to all or most of the Lords of the Privy
The Lords have assented unto a Free Conference,
by the Committees of both Houses, at Four in the Afternoon, in the Painted Chamber.
E. of Warwick versus The East India Company.
Juratus in causa Comitis Warwicke, versus the East
Samuel Nuse, Captain.
Dr. Manwaring at the Bar.
Doctor Manwaringe being this Day brought to the
Bar before the Lords, and admitted to speak for himself
unto the Charge of the Commons against him, answered
in Effect as followeth:
His Answer to the Charge of the Commons against him.
"First, he shewed, That he was under a great Burthen of Sorrow and Weakness, here to present himself unto their Lordships; and then rendered their
Lordships humble Thanks for giving him Leave and
Time to recollect himself before he made his Answer;
and craved a favourable Interpretation of what he was
now to speak.
"As touching his Two Sermons complained of by the
Commons, he said, That he was induced to preach
them by a public Remonstrance of the Necessities of
the State at that Time; and that he printed them at
His Majesty's special Command: That the Ground
of his Positions in those Two Sermons are in the Holy
Scriptures, and in the Interpreters of the Scriptures,
and are not complained of by the Commons; but the
Inferences only, drawn from those Grounds, are questioned by them.
"He craved Leave to explain himself in Two of
those Positions. The First, where he says, That
Kings partake of Omnipotency with God; he said,
that he meant no more by this than is meant by the
Holy Scriptures, and by the Laws of the Land. For
the Psalms say, Dii estis. And Mr. Calvine saith, Reges a Deo Imperium habere, et divinam Potestatem in
Regibus residere. Wherefore, to offend against Kings,
he thought it Sacrilege. And, by the Laws of this
Kingdom, a great Image of God is in the King.
"The other Position, which he desired to explain,
was touching the King's Justice, where he says, in
the Second Sermon, Page 25, That Justice intercedes
not between God and Man, nor between the Prince,
being a Father, and the People, as Children.
"He said, That he meant thereby, That as Man
cannot requite God, nor the Child the Father, so the
King, being Dispenser of God's Power, cannot be
requited: But his Meaning was not that the King
should not have Laws.
"And touching those Inferences made by the Commons out of his Two Sermons (complained of), which
they impute either to Sedition or Malice, or to
the destroying of the Municipal Laws of the Land,
or slighting of Parliaments, he protested before
God and His Holy Angels, That they were never in
his Thoughts; he only thought to persuade those
Honourable Gentlemen (who refused to conform
themselves) to yield a Supply unto the present and
imminent Necessities of the State. And, in the Conclusion of his Speech, he expressed his great Sorrow
to be thus accused; and begged Pardon and Mercy of
their Lordships, and of the Commons, even for God's
Sake, for the King's Sake (whom they so much honoured), for Religion Sake, and for his Calling Sake;
humbly beseeching them to accept of this his Submission."
Archbishop of Canterbury admonishes him.
This being spoken by Dr. Manwaringe, and he willed
to withdraw, the Lord Archbishop of Cant. called to him
to stay. His Grace desired Leave of the House, that he
might say somewhat unto him; and then told him,
"That he might have made better Use of the great
Favour which the Lords did him, in giving him Time
to recollect himself before his Answer. But he saw
in him (as St. Bernade saith), That there are some
Men who are miseri, sed non miserandi; and that he
was sorry to hear such an Answer to the Accusation
of the Commons. But, God be thanked, the King
had now wiped away what was intended by his Two
Sermons; the which Sermons, his Grace said, he
both misliked and abhorred, and was sorry that he
came only to extenuate his Fault. Touching the Participation which Dr. Manwaringe gave to the King
with God, his Grace told him, That it is very Blasphemy; and those Words in the Psalms, Dii estis, do
warrant no such Matter. And touching his other
Assertion, That there is no Justice but between
Equals, and not between God and Man, the Parent
and his Children, nor between the King and His People; his Grace told him it was impious and salse, and
that he had thereby drawn upon us an Infamy of our
Religion, and had given Occasion to the Jesuits to traduce us. And shewed him, That the Scriptures do
plainly declare and prove a Justice from God to Man,
from the Parent to his Children, and from a King to
His People. And further, That, by the Laws of God
and Man, there was ever a communitive Justice between
the King and His People, for Matter of Coins, and a
distributive Justice for Government. Then, putting
him in Mind of Anasarchis the Philosopher, whom the
King of Cyprus caused to be brayed in a Brasen Mortar, for his base Flattery (a just Reward for all Flatterers of Princes), he blamed him much for citing of
Swares, and other Jesuits, in his Sermons; and willed
him to read the Fathers, the ancient Interpreters of
Dr. Manwaring's Reply.
The Lord Archbishop having ended this grave Admonition, Dr. Manwaringe made a short Reply, touching his
said Two Assertions; and said, "That he denied not
Justice and Law to be between the King and His People; but affirmed that the King's Justice could not be
requited; and excused himself for citing of Suares,
for that in those Places he spake for the King."
To be censured for the Sermons complained of.
The Prisoner being withdrawn; the Lords considered
of their Censure against him; and their Lordships
thought him worthy of a severe Punishment, for attributing unto the King a Participation of God's Omnipotency, and an absolute Power of Government; for his
scandalous Assertions against Parliaments; and for
branding those Gentlemen who refused the late Loans
with Damnation. But, for that he so deeply protested that he had no Intention to seduce the King's
Conscience, nor to sow Sedition between His Majesty
and His People, nor to incense His Majesty against
Parliaments, nor to abrogate the Municipal Laws, as
was objected by the Commons; and for that the King
Himself hath protested (as was affirmed by some of His
Privy Council) that He understood him not in that
Sense; and for that His Majesty, by His Gracious Answer unto the Petition of Right, exhibited this Parlia
ment, hath removed those Jealousies, which otherwise
the Subjects might justly have feared by the Assertions
in those Sermons; and also for that he the said Dr.
Manwaringe had shewn himself very penitent and sorry
for the same; their Lordships agreed of a milder Sentence against him than otherwise they would; the
which Sentence, being first agreed on by Parts, was afterwards read, and assented unto by the general and unanimous Vote of the whole House (vide the said Sentence
the 14th of June).
Dominus Custos Magni Sigilli declaravit præsens Parliamentum continuandum esse usque in diem proximum,
videlicet, diem Sabbati, 14m diem instantis Junii, hora
nona, Dominis sic decernentibus.