Subsidy Roll 1292
Queenhithe ward

Sponsor

Centre for Metropolitan History

Publication

Author

Eilert Ekwall

Year published

1951

Supporting documents

Pages

147-152

Annotate

Comment on this article
Double click anywhere on the text to add an annotation in-line

Citation Show another format:

'Subsidy Roll 1292: Queenhithe ward', Two Early London Subsidy Rolls (1951), pp. 147-152. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=31916 Date accessed: 25 October 2014.


Highlight

(Min 3 characters)

Warda Willelmi de Betoyne, Queenhithe ward.

Parishes: Holy Trinity the Less, St. Mary Mounthaw, St. Mary Somerset, St. Michael Queenhithe, St. Nicholas Cole Abbey, St. Nicholas Olave, St. Peter Paul's Wharf. Partly in Queenhithe: St. Mary Magdalen Old Fish Street.

Alderman: William de Betoyne (1287 or 1288-1305). A sheriff 1288-9, Chamberlain 1288 ff.; will enrolled in 1305. According to Ald Lo he was a goldsmith, but he was more likely a pepperer like Richard his son, or a mercer, if he is W. de Betune, mercer 1284 ADC 971, 1049. The small beam was granted to him for life in 1291 (LBA 191), and he had a shop in Soper Lane. Residence not known. - Bethune in Pas de Calais, but formerly in Flanders.

[Mem. 1 r., col. 2.]

1 Ric' de bernes v.s. (fn. 1)
2 Sawale le barber iij s. iiij d. (fn. 2)
3 henr' bernard teynturer x s. (fn. 3)
4 Will' faber iij s. iiij d. (fn. 4)
5 Joh' Le Rus ij s. (fn. 5)
6 Joh' de crepelgate ij s. (fn. 6)
7 Ric' le fruter di.m. (fn. 7)
8 Ric' trigold iij s. iiij d. (fn. 8)
9 phil' Junkur ij s. (fn. 9)
10 Joh' le chandeler ij s. (fn. 10)
11 Will' ace di.m. (fn. 11)
12 Ric' de vinea x s. (fn. 12)
13 gilb' le armurer ij s. 13
14 Joh' de Stanford xl d. (fn. 14)
15 henr' atte Waye xl d. (fn. 15)
16 henr' de f'nham aurifaber v.s. (fn. 16)
17 Simon pistor xl d. (fn. 17)
18 Adam bruning ij s. (fn. 18)
19 Siluester de gatesdene xl d. (fn. 19)
20 Nich' de neuport di.m. (fn. 20)
21 Adam hering di.m. (fn. 21)
22 Ric' de hakeneye di.m. (fn. 22)
23 Ric' lythfot ij m. (fn. 23)
24 Rad' de brumley xl d. (fn. 24)
25 thomas euerard J m. (fn. 25)
26 Rob' de Ros di.m. (fn. 26)
27 Water de venella xl d. (fn. 27)
28 Ric' de chigewelle vj.lj. (fn. 28)
29 Agnet' de la cornere ij s. (fn. 29)
30 henr' de kesintune di.m. (fn. 30)
31 Henr' de douegate ij s. 31
32 Will' de Ware v.lj. (fn. 32)
33 Rob' de chalhunte di.m. (fn. 33)
34 Rog' bruning xl s. (fn. 34)
35 henr' de fing'e iiij lj. (fn. 35)
36 galfr' scot xx s. (fn. 36)
37 Will' bernard xl s. (fn. 37)
38 Joh' caluarie ij s. (fn. 38)
39 Ric' langman xl d. (fn. 39)
40 Joh' de brinkele xx s. (fn. 40)
41 Joh' le macun Symund di.m. (fn. 41)
42 Rob' love x s. (fn. 42)
43 Rob' de queie [or quere?] J m. (fn. 43)
44 Rob' de thotenham xl d. (fn. 44)
45 Will' le teynturer ij m. (fn. 45)
46 Steph' teynturer xl d. (fn. 46)
47 Joh' le tapycer di.m. (fn. 47)
48 Will' de hakeneye ij s. (fn. 48)
49 gilot de portesmue ij s. (fn. 49)
50 Adam de gatesdene frater Siluestr' x s. (fn. 50)
51 Daui capriht ij s. (fn. 51)
52 Hug' le prude ij s. (fn. 52)
53 Will' le Wafrer ij s. (fn. 53)
54 Will' denteyt Cap' Liiij. ij s. (fn. 54)
[Mem. 1. v., col. 1.]
55 Jake de Couentre ij s. (fn. 55)
56 Rob' de Codintone ij s. (fn. 56)
57 Jake Sawale ij.s. (fn. 57)
58 henr' de cherring J m. (fn. 58)
59 Rob' de Ryde ij s. (fn. 59)
60 henr' de marisco ij s. (fn. 60)
61 Walt' de ripa de la leye xx s. (fn. 61)
62 Ric' de dorkinge di.m. (fn. 62)
63 Ric' Savsemer ij s. (fn. 63)
64 Rob' de balsham cofrer xl d. (fn. 64)
65 Joh' le simple ij s. (fn. 65)
66 Warin le bracur ij s. (fn. 66)
67 Jakes Flinthard [or Flinchard] xl d. (fn. 67)
68 Joh' bunding di.m. (fn. 68)
Summa. xxxvij.lj. ij.s. viij.d. Capit' xiiij.

Footnotes

1. Richard de Bernes, fishmonger 1299-1300 Mayors 63, 1305 Will (of St. Peter). Possibly a son of John de Bernes (1231-41 Paul's, p. 161 f., owner of a house in St. Mary Magdalen in pisconaria). - Barnes Sr.
2. Sawale from OE Soweald fn.
3. Henry Bernard, dyer 1297-8 LBC 52. OF teinturier 'dyer'.
4. William Faber 1296-7 LBA 189, 1302 LBC 191 (witness St. Mary Somerset), W. Smith 1300-1 Mayors 107, Cecilia, late wife of W. le Smyth 1309-10 Will (of St. Mary Somerset). Apparently a smith.
5. ME, OF rous 'red-haired', probably a translation of ME reed 'red'.
6. John de Crepelgate near Queenhithe 1299-1300 Mayors 63 (perhaps a cornmonger like the preceding Alan Wade).
7. Richard le Frutur 1286 MxFF 60 (tenant of premises in the suburb, claimed by no. 28), perhaps Richard le Frutter, creneman 1299-1300 LBB 94. Creneman may mean, as suggested by Riley, Mem xxi, 'keeper of the public crane'. Crane in the sense a mechanical contrivance appears as cren in Barbour's Bruce. - Fruter 'fruiterer'.
8. Trigold may be ME trie 'choice, good' and gold. Cf. ME itried gold 'refined gold'.
9. G Junker or MDu jonckher, Du jonker 'young nobleman'.
10. John le Chaundeler 1299-1300 Mayors 59 (chandler, resident in St. Nicholas Cole Abbey), 1319 S [Qu 54].
11. William Ace 1305-6 LBC 245 (juror Vintry). - Ace, Azo fn (OF Ace, OG Azo). Ace le Mairemer or Ace Tymbermanger was an alderman, probably of Queenhithe, c. 1227-1242 (P, ADA 11609). A connection between him and William Ace is possible.
12. Richard atte Vyne 1308 LBC 216 (juror with no. 37), 1319 S [Qu 31], R. atte Vygne 1317 LBE 81 (juror Qu). Roger atte Vyne, son of Richard and Mabel, by his will of 1336 founded a chantry in St. Thomas Apostle (Vi) and had property in St. Michael Queenhithe. He was a cornmonger. - The surname atte Vine (de la Vigne, etc.), common in London in this period, may refer to some prominent vine or to a signboard in the form of a vine.
14. John de Stanford 1307 Will (of St. Michael). Very likely a cornmonger like Nicholas le Maderman, his son-in-law. - Stamford, Stanford (common).
15. Henry atte Waye 1308 LBC 163 (farmer of murage arising out of corn), 1309 ib. 172 (witness St. Michael). Probably a cornmonger. The surname seems to mean 'at the river Wey (Wye)' (Wey Sr, Do, Wye He), rather than 'at the road'.
16. Henry de Farinham 1300 LBC 67 (probably Qu), H. de Farenham, goldsmith 1307 ib. 211 (witness Qu). F'nham in the MS. perhaps represents Farnham, the usual form of the surname in London sources. - Farnham Bk, Ess, Sr, etc.
17. Doubtless a baker.
18. Adam Broning 1281 LBB 3 (surety with no. 42). Probably a fishmonger like Roger [no. 34] and Oliver [1319 S, Qu 15]. Bruning fn (OE Bruning) is well evidenced in early London; see ELPN 22 f. Walter Bruning was a witness at St. Nicholas Cole Abbey c. 1200 (ADA 2480).
19. Silvester de Gatesdene 1285 CW 73. Brother of Adam [no. 50], who was a cornmonger. - Gaddesden Hrt.
20. Nicholas de Neuport 1291 Mem 27, N. de Neueport 1300 LBC 67. Perhaps a fishmonger like William [1319 S, Qu 39]. - Newport Bk, Ess, etc.
21. Adam Hering, fishmonger 1294-5 (1305) Cl (witness St. Nicholas Cole Abbey), A. Haryng 1335 ADA 7847 (an earlier tenant in St. Nicholas Olave). - 'The herring', a nickname.
22. Richard de Hakeney 1268 ADB 2240 (witness St. Nicholas Cole Abbey), R. de Hakeneye 1275 RH 419 (juror Qu), R. de Hakene 1281 f. LBA 40, 56 (fishmonger), 1291 Mayors 109. - Hackney Mx.
23. Richard Lichfot, fishmonger 1290 Pat, R. Lichitfot, fishmonger 1299-1300 Mayors 63. - ME lightfot 'light-footed'.
24. Ralph de Brumlee of London, Piscator 1265 Misc (a landowner in Bromley K), R. de Bromlee 1275 RH 419 (juror Qu), R. de Brumle 1285-6 LBA 210 (repr. Qu), Raufe de Brumleye 1290 Lib Alb 385 (warden of fish mongers). Dead in 1294-5, when Thomas his son and heir held houses etc. in Distaff Lane and Old Fish St (1305 Cl). - Bromley K.
25. Thomas Everard, fishmonger 1290 Pat.
26. Robert le (sic) Ros, fishmonger 1290 Pat. - Ross He, Nb, Roos YE, Roose La.
27. Perhaps Walter atte Lane 1309 Pat, W. le Cuver 1309-10 LBD 215 (deceased; cf. John le Cuver Vi 43), W. the cooper of St. Nicholas Lane 1298 Mayors 1. Anyhow de Venella evidently represents ME atte Lane.
28. Richard de Chyggewelle 1268 ADB 2240 (a tenant in St. Nicholas Cole Abbey), R. de Chikewelle 1281 LBA 196, R. de Chigewelle 1306-7 Will (fishmonger, owner of a house in Old Fish St). He was a sheriff 1281-2, and alderman of Queenhithe 1305-6. - Chigwell Ess.
29. Agnes de la Cornere 1298-9 Mayors 31 (a tenant in Bread St, which formerly extended into St. Nicholas Olave).
30. Kesintune perhaps for Kensintune, i.e. Kensington Mx.
32. William de Ware, citizen of London 1286-7 Cl, W. de Ware 1298 Will (of St. Michael). Evidently a merchant, perhaps a fishmonger like Richard de Ware 1315 Cl (fisshmanger), 1345 LBF 135 (a tenant in St. Michael). - Ware Hrt.
33. Robert de Chalfhunte 1285-6 LBA 210 (repr. Qu), 1295, 1297 LBB 235 f. (id.), 1299-1300 Mayors 64 (juror in a case relating to import of salt, oysters, mussels, etc.). Very likely a fishmonger. - Chalfont Bk.
34. Roger Brunyng 1273 Pat (wool-exporter), R. Bruning, fishmonger 1290 Pat, R. Bronig 1297 LBB 238 (repr. Qu), R. Brounig, fish merchant 1298 Will (of St. Mary Mounthaw). - Cf. no. 18.
35. Henry de Fingery 1268 ADB 2240 (witness Qu), H. de Fingrie 1276-7 LBA 12, 1291 LBC 1 (repr. Qu), 1305 Mayors 229 (fishmonger of Old Fish St), H. de Fyngrie 1318 Will (a tenant in St. Nicholas Cole Abbey and St. Mary Magdalen). He was a sheriff 1299-1300, Fing'e in the MS. should perhaps be extended to Fingrie. - Fingrith Hall in Blackmore Ess.
36. Geoffrey le Skot 1281 LBB 3 (surety with no. 18), G. Skot 1290 Pat (fishmonger), G. Scote 1290 Lib Alb 385 (warden of fishmongers), G. Scot senior 1314-15 Will (of St. Mary Magdalen).
37. William Bernard 1281 LBB 8, 1295 ib. 235 (repr. Qu), 1297-8 LBC 52 (warden of dyers), 1316 Will (dyer, of St. Peter).
38. Cf. Walter Caluari 1319 S [Bas 21]. - ME Caluarie 'the Calvary', often mentioned in medieval plays. A person who acted the part of Simeon in a play on the Crucifixion might have been given Caluarie as a by-name.
39. Langman 'the tall man'.
40. John de Brinkele 1299-1300 LBC 58 (supervisor of the prices of corn), J. de Brynkele 1310 LBD 241 (keeper of the port of Queenhithe), 1311 Will (cornmonger, of St. Michael). - Brinkley Ca.
41. John le Mazon 1301 Cor 25 (a son of his dead in St. Michael). J. le Macun Symund no doubt means 'J. Symund the mason'.
42. Robert Love 1281 LBB 3 (surety with no. 18), 1290 Pat (fishmonger), 1302 LBC 191 (a tenant in St. Mary Somerset). - ME love 'sweetheart' or OE Lufa m., Lufe f. fns.
43. Doubtless connected with John de Koye 1271 ADC 2890, J. de Quoye 1279-80 LBA 203 (owner of a mansion in Bread St), J. de Qu(o)eye 1269 ff. EssFF I, 271, 279 (a tenant in Boreham Ess). - Quy Ca.
44. Robert de Totenham 1276 LBA 8, 1299-1300 Mayors 62 (cordwainer), 1303 Mem 48 (2s. arrears of tallage), R. de Thotemham (sic), cordwainer 1277-8 LBA 18. - Tottenham Mx.
45. William de Medelane 1297-8 LBB 246 (repr. Qu), 1307 CW 190 (dyer), 1312-13 Will (dyer, of St. Michael Queenhithe). Mede Lane is in Vintry. - OF teinturier 'dyer'.
46. Stephen Bernard 1296-7 LBA 189 (dyer), 1297 LBB 236 (repr. Qu), 1297-8 LBC 52 (warden of dyers), 1306 Will (dyer, of St. Mary Somerset), Stephen called Bernard, dyer, of London 1306 ADA 2362 (will). Cf. no. 37.
47. A J. le Tapicer, apparently a merchant, was indicted with holding clipped money in 1284 (Ann Lond).
48. Hardly William de Hakeneye, woolmonger 1310 LBD 117 (of Bill). More likely a fishmonger, connected with Richard [no. 22] and Walter de Hakeneye 1290 Pat (fishmonger), 1314-15 Will (a tenant in St. Nicholas Cole Abbey). Possibly William is an error for Walter.
49. William de Portesmewe (-muwe, -mue, -muth) 1293, 1301-2 LBC 17, 106, 1310, 1312 LBD 219, 280 (broker of wine). - Portsmouth Ha.
50. Adam de Gatesdene, cornmonger 1303 LBC 191. Cf. no. 19.
51. David Caperiche, servant of cornmeters at Queenhithe 1300 Mayors 103. - Possibly cap-right 'one who wears his cap straight'.
52. ME prud 'proud'. Cf. Roger le Proude 1268 ADB 2240 (witness Qu).
53. ME, AF wafrer 'maker of wafers'.
54. Denteyt for Deuteyt, a font-name of Italian origin; cf. Diutautus (Dietaiutus) Willelmi, merchant of Florence 1271 ff. Pat, Denteyt Lumbardus 1275 RH 404 (London), Deuteit de Dunstaple ib. 406; also Thomas Deuteyt, taverner 1294 LBB 57.
55. John de Coventre 1299-1300 Mayors 63,1309-10 LBD 109 (cornmonger, deceased). Agnes de Evre (of Qu), his widow, had had an apprentice for 7 years in 1309-10. Jake is an early instance of Jack for John. - Coventry Wa.
56. Cf. Henry de Codyngtone, fishmonger 1236-7 Lib Cust I, 40, Reginald de Codyngton 1332 S (Qu). - Cuddington Bk, Sr, etc.
57. For Jake cf. no. 55, for Sawale no. 2.
58. Henry de Cherringge 1299-1300 Mayors 64, H. de. Cherringg, merchant of London 1309 f. Willard 65, 155 (resident in Mx). Probably a cornmonger. Possibly identical with Henry de Charringg', pestour 1318 MxFF 96 (a tenant in Westminster). - Charing Mx.
59. Robert de la Ryde 1294 LBC 20 (surety with Ralph Faber de Insula, presumably the Isle of Wight). If the identification is correct, Robert will have come from Ryde Wt.
60. Henry atte Mersshe, Master Cornmeter at Queenhithe 1300 Mayors 102.
61. The surname means "of the bank of the Lea". The taxpayer is possibly identical with Walter le Hethereve, bailiff of Queenhithe 1298-9 Mayors 35, 1310 LBD 241 (keeper of the port of Queenhithe), W. de la Quenhethe 1300 Mayors 95.
62. Richard de Dorkyngge, cornmonger 1304-5 LBB 147, R. de Dorkinge, blader 1306 LBC 178, R. de Dorkyng 1309-10 LBD 48. - Dorking Sr.
63. Richard Sausemer 1329-30 Pat (brother and heir of Albreda de Appelby [1319 S, FarrE 88]). Albreda's first husband was a fishmonger. - Sausemer is an old surname derived from Sausseuzemare in Seine Inf. It appears as (de) Salcisamara 1150-60 DC 141, Sauceosemar'. 1206 P, Saucemar' 1204 P, etc.
64. Robert de Balesham, coffrer 1303 Mem 48 (16d. arrears of tallage, two coffers taken as pledge). - Balsham Ca.
65. Perhaps John le Simple, smith 1298-9 Mayors 33.
66. OF braceor 'brewer'.
67. James Flinchard (sic), fishmonger 1299-1300 Mayors 63, J. Flencehard (sic) 1300 LBB 96. Other fishmongers with this surname ("hard as flint") are Geoffrey Flintard 1290 Pat. William Flinchard (sic) 1299-1300 Mayors 63, John Flintard 1307 LBC 157.
68. John Bunting 1300 Mayors 97, 1306 LBB 171 ff. (tailor). Cf. Anastacia Bunting 1300 Will. - ME bunting, the name of a bird.