Subsidy Roll 1292
Cripplegate ward Infra

Sponsor

Centre for Metropolitan History

Publication

Author

Eilert Ekwall

Year published

1951

Supporting documents

Pages

152-158

Annotate

Comment on this article
Double click anywhere on the text to add an annotation in-line

Citation Show another format:

'Subsidy Roll 1292: Cripplegate ward Infra', Two Early London Subsidy Rolls (1951), pp. 152-158. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=31917 Date accessed: 28 July 2014.


Highlight

(Min 3 characters)

Warda de Creppelgate, Cripplegate ward Infra.

Parishes: St. Alban Wood Street, St. Alphage London Wall, St. Mary Aldermanbury, St. Mary Magdalen Milk Street, St. Michael Wood Street, St. Olave Silver Street. Partly in Cripplegate I: All Hallows Honey Lane, St. Lawrence Jewry, St. Mary Staining, St. Peter Westcheap.

Aldermen: John de Bauquell (1286-91); cf. Dowgate. Walter de Finchingfeld junior, goldsmith (1291-1307). Will enrolled 1307. Apparently resident in Aldersgate (LBD 270). - Finchingfield Ess.

[Mem. 2, col. 1.]

1 Will' Standerstede ij s. (fn. 1)
2 [L]isaundre barn [MS. Kisaundr'] vj.s. viij d. (fn. 2)
3 Ric' le Cu xl d. (fn. 3)
4 Gilb' de Comtone xl d. (fn. 4)
5 Joh' S[c]harp taylur [MS. Saharp] xl d. (fn. 5)
6 Joh' de Lauuare cordewaner xl d. (fn. 6)
7 Hanry Wade xl d. (fn. 7)
8 Joh' de theydene [MS. they'dene] ij s. (fn. 8)
9 Gregor' Lorimer xx s. (fn. 9)
10 phelip de kocfeld xl d. (fn. 10)
11 Martin de aumesbery xl s. (fn. 11)
12 Geffrey semman peleter ij s. (fn. 12)
13 Will' le chandeler xl d. (fn. 13)
14 Joh' de batrichesey xl d. (fn. 14)
15 Adam de alingbery xxx s. (fn. 15)
16 Hanr' le braser xl d. (fn. 16)
17 Gilote pork vj.s. viij d. (fn. 17)
18 Thomas de chigewelle ij s. (fn. 18)
19 Joh' Le gay ij s. (fn. 19)
20 Joh' morpah di.m. (fn. 20)
21 Jh' le fiz michel xl d. (fn. 21)
22 Ric' de Donmauwe xl d. (fn. 22)
23 Aleyn hog xl d. (fn. 23)
24 Joh' Le Cotiler ij s. 24
25 Joh' de orlyenes ij s. (fn. 25)
26 Matheu le peyntour' ij s. (fn. 26)
27 gregor' le bo..ner xx s. (fn. 27)
28 Steuen hauteyn l.s. (fn. 28)
29 Rob' hodiam xl d. (fn. 29)
30 Will' de harewe vj.s. viij d. (fn. 30)
31 Will' le taylur ij s. (fn. 31)
32 Ric' le heymo(n)gere ij s. (fn. 32)
33 Hary de kent xx s. (fn. 33)
34 Will' le spicer xl d. 34
35 Joh' de Norhamptone ij s. (fn. 35)
36 Joh' le chandeler ij s. (fn. 36)
37 harnald Le bornysor ij s. (fn. 37)
38 handreu Le hirreys ij s. (fn. 38)
39 Will' de pelham ij m. (fn. 39)
40 gilb' de pelham di.m. (fn. 40)
41 Joh' Le Wyse J m. (fn. 41)
42 Rob' de Waltham charpenter ij s. (fn. 42)
43 Joh' de chiselle ij s. (fn. 43)
44 Rob' trippe ceynturer ij s. (fn. 44)
45 Thomas le poleter ij s. (fn. 45)
46 Joh' Le chaundeler xl d. (fn. 46)
47 Gilb' Le Brewer ij s. 47
48 Thomas le hoder xl d. (fn. 48)
49 Ric' le Cordewaner ij s. (fn. 49)
50 Joh' le Especer di.m. (fn. 50)
51 Joh' de Moltone ij s. (fn. 51)
52 Joh' atte gate connreyere ij s. (fn. 52)
53 Rand' de boreham ij s. (fn. 53)
54 Joh' de byfald xl d. (fn. 54)
55 Petr' Perceval ij s. (fn. 55)
56 Will' de Cray di.m. (fn. 56)
57 Regin' de M[elde]burne J m. (fn. 57)
58 Rob' de Gloucestre J m. (fn. 58)
59 Si[m]on de Mordone ij s. (fn. 59)
60 Walt' Aurifaber ij s. 60
61 Domina Alicia de Allingbiry ij s. (fn. 61)
62 Matild' de kent v.s. (fn. 62)
63 Rog' le taylour ij s. 63
64 Denys le orfeure xl d. (fn. 64)
65 Joh' de Sancto albano di.m. (fn. 65)
66 Will' de bittone ij s. (fn. 66)
67 Joh. de Meleford Fruiter ij s. (fn. 67)
68 Walt' de Sancto saluatore xl d. (fn. 68)
69 Hug' Le taylur di.m. 69
70 Ric' Poyntel di.m. (fn. 70)
71 Will' de kent taylur ij s. (fn. 71)
72 Joh' Le cordewaner ij s. (fn. 72)
73 Joh' le Peyntour xl d. 73
74 Ric' le Callere xl d. (fn. 74)
75 Will' le chandelere di.m. (fn. 75)
76 Adam Trug x s. (fn. 76)
77 Rog' de cheyni ij s. (fn. 77)
78 Ric' de Mounpellers xx s. (fn. 78)
79 Thomas Saly xxxiij s. iiij d. (fn. 79)
80 Rob' burdeyn iiij lj. (fn. 80)
81 Will' de Wyntonia Drapere xx s. (fn. 81)
82 Joh' de bordene ij s. (fn. 82)
83 Joh' le Rede Fruitere ij s. (fn. 83)
84 Rob' de Worthestede xl s. (fn. 84)
85 Walt' de Seint emund xl d. (fn. 85)

Footnotes

1. Standerstede no doubt for (de) Sanderstede, the st- of -stede having been anticipated. For omission of de cf. nos. 20, 29. - Sanderstead Sr.
2. Lisaundr' is a form of Alexander. Possibly Alexander le Copersmith 1301 Cor 30 (St. Alban). - ME barn 'child'.
3. For Cu cf. Bridge 45.
4. Compton (common).
5. John Scharpe 1298-9 Mayors 50 (juror Wood St), J. Scharp 1317-18 LBE 83 (witness Crip), J. Sharp, tailor 1300, 1305 LBC 82, 148, 1319 S [Cheap 16]. - ME scharp 'sharp; keen-witted'.
6. John de Laufare, cordwainer 1281 LBB 5, 1302 Mayors 134, 1310 Will (a tenant in St. Michael). - Laver Ess.
7. Cf. Vi 38.
8. Cf. William de Theydene 1319 S [CripI 40]. - Theydon Ess.
9. Gregory le Lorimer 1278 LBA 24, 1282 ib. 154 (a tenant in St. Michael), 1299-1300 Will, G. Lorimer 1297 LBB 237 (repr. Crip). Doubtless a lorimer.
10. Cockfield Sf.
11. Martin de Amberesbire, goldsmith 1278 LBA 25, M. de Aumbresbire 1293 ib. 198 (elected a sheriff), M. de Aumbresbury 1311 LBD 270 (late sheriff). An earlier goldsmith with this surname was Geoffrey de Ambresbure 1272-3 Will (of St. Michael). - Amesbury W.
12. OE Somann fn; cf. ELPN 59. A late instance of the name is Semannus de London 1288 St. Ives. Peleter means 'skinner'.
13. The same name is found as no. 75. The following instances may refer to either of the two: William le Caundeler 1298-9 Mayors 50 (with nos. 5 and 9), W. le Chaundeler de Wodestrete 1303 f. LBB 128, 139, W. le Chaundeler 1311 LBD 263 (surety with no. 15), 1317-18 LBE 83 (witness St. Michael).
14. John de Batricheseye, cordwainer 1299-1300 Mayors 62, J. de Batericheseye 1300 Cor 10. - Battersea Sr.
15. Adam de Hallingebyri 1281 LBB 8, A. de Hallingbire 1283 LBA 69 (skinner), A. de Hallingbiry 1304-5 Will (of St. Michael). He was a sheriff 1295-6, and alderman of Aldgate 1297-1300. - Hallingbury Ess.
16. OF braceor 'brewer'.
17. The spelling of the surname is ambiguous; cf. p. 5. If the correct reading is York, Gilote may be William de York, goldsmith 1310 LBB 232, also called W. Everard (goldsmith) 1294 Cl, 1299 LBB 92, and W. de York called Everard 1311 LBB 30. If so, the de has been omitted.
18. Thomas de Chygewell 1298 Mayors 2, Th. de Chykewell, lorriner 1301 ib. 112 (surety with no. 19). A lorimer. - Chigwell Ess.
19. John de (sic) Gay 1301 Mayors 112, J. Gay 1313 LBD 316 (warden of lorimers), 1319 S [CripI 24]. - ME gay, OF gai 'merry, cheerful'.
20. Morpah no doubt for Morpath with omission of de. Cf. Alexander de Morpathe 1321 Lib Alb II, 412. - Morpeth Nb.
21. John Michel 1301 Mayors 112 (surety with nos. 18 f.), 1304 LBB 145 (lorimer), 1313 LBD 316 (warden of lorimers), 1319 S [CripE 77], 1322 Cor 66 (St. Mary Staining).
22. Dunmow Ess.
23. OE hogg 'hog', ME hog also 'a young sheep' (a nickname).
25. Orleans (France).
26. Matthew le Peyntour 1302 Mayors 124, M. le Payntour 1304 LBC 140.
27. The surname is partly illegible, but probably represents Botoner. The taxpayer is no doubt Gregory le Botoner 1297 LBB 238 (repr. Crip), 1304-5 Mayors 171 (juror St. Michael). - Botoner (OF botonier) means 'maker or seller of buttons', but some persons with this surname were mercers.
28. Stephen Haweteyn 1278 LBA 19, S. Hautein 1297 LBB 238 (repr. Crip), S. Hauteyn 1304 Will (mercer, will not proved). - ME, OF hautain 'haughty, proud'.
29. Robert de Odiham 1281 LBB 5 (surety of a goldsmith with several goldsmiths). The prep. de has been omitted. - Odiham Ha.
30. William de Harwe 1297 LBC 244 (juror St. Alphage), perhaps W. de Harewe, goldsmith 1308 Will. - Harrow Mx.
31. William le Taylur 1292 LBA 180 (witness with no. 28), W. the Tailor 1316-17 CW 270 (a legatee of Beatrix, widow of Henry Hauteyn).
32. Perhaps Richard de Enefeud le heymongere 1295 LBB 60.
33. Henry de Kent 1292-3 LBA 182 (resident in St. Mary Aldermanbury), 1292-3 ib. 146 (chaucer, i.e. hosier), 1319 S [CripI 14].
35. John de Northampton 1253 ADA 1625 (sheriff), J. de Northamptone, tailor 1305 Will (a tenant in Addelane in St. Alban). He was a sheriff 1253-4, 1260-1, and alderman of Aldgate c. 1260-86. The identity of the taxpayer of 1292 with the alderman is obvious, since the executors of J. de Northampton, former sheriff, are referred to in 1305 (Parl Westm 58). He must have become very old, which may explain his low assessment.
36. The same name appears as no. 46. One of these will be John le Chaundiler 1292 LBA 180 (witness St. Alphage).
37. ME bornyshour (c. 1450) 'burnisher'.
38. Andrew de Ibernia, tailor 1282 LBA 49.
39. 40. William de Pelham 1290 LBA 127, 1303 Mayors 147 (cordwainer), 1306-7 Will (cordwainer, holder of a seld in St. Peter and a tenement in St. Olave Silver St). Gilbert de Pelham 1276-7 LBA 13 (evidently a cordwainer), 1281 ib. 40. - Pelham Hrt.
41. ME wis 'wise'.
42. Robert de Waultham, carpenter 1301-2 ADA 11860 (holder of a tenement in St. Giles without Cripplegate. - Waltham (common).
43. Chishall Ess.
44. A girdler. Trippe is a well evidenced surname; cf. Hugh Trippe 1312 LBE 14, Henry Trippe 1324 Cor 95. It may mean 'one who trips in his walk'.
45. The surname means 'poulterer'.
46. Cf. no. 36.
48. Thomas le Hodere 1311 LBD 143. An apprentice cf his, enrolled in 1286, was admitted. - ME hodere 'maker of hoods'.
49. Richard le Cordewaner 1298-9 Mayors 50 (threatened in his house in Wood St, while cutting leather, thus a shoemaker).
50. Perhaps John Peyure (Peper) 1298 Mayors 7 ff. (imprisoned in Cripplegate prison), J. Peper 1298 LBA 184. Peyure, Peper will be forms of peverer (OF pevrier) and pepperer, synonyms of spicer.
51. Moulton (common).
52. John atte Gate 1288 LBA 109 (coureur), John, son of John atte Gate 1291 ib. 131. J. atte Gate 1319 S [CripI 32] is probably John junior. Connreyere is OF conreeur 'currier'.
53. Raude (sic) de Borham 1299-1300 Mayors 64 (probably a currier). His widow was perhaps Maud de Borham 1303 Mem 48 (of Crip), M. de Boreham 1312 Will (of St. Mary Aldermanbury). Rande is a short-form of Randolph. - Boreham Ess, Hrt, Sx.
54. John de Befald 1299-1300 Mayors 64, J. de Byfolde, coureour 1305 LBB 154, J. de Bifold 1309 Will. He was of Crip, as seen from LBD 114. - Byfold, an unidentified place. One William de Befaud was a tenant in Horseheath, Shudy Camps, etc. (Ca) in 1279 (RH II, 422 ff.).
55. Peter, servant and legatee of Adam Perceval of St. Alphage 1283 CW 65, P. Perceval le Hodere 1314 Will. Peter probably inherited also his master's surname. - Cf. no. 48.
56. William de Craye, seller of goat-fells 1278-9 LBA 27, W. de Creye 1299-1300 Mayors 56. - Cray K.
57. There is a hole in the MS. between M and b, but the name was evidently Meldeburne. Reginald de Meldeburne 1292-3 LBA 146, 182 (gorgerer or maker of gorgers, i.e. armour for the throat; a tenant in St. Mary Aldermanbury), 1297-8 LBB 246 (repr. Crip). - Melbourn Ca.
58. Robert de Gloucester, saddler 1283-4 LBA 81.
59. Morden, probably Sr or Ca.
61. Alice de Hallyngberi 1316 CW 264 (deceased). Perhaps mother of Adam [no. 15] and widow of Geoffrey de Hallingeberi 1281 LBB 8 (a surety with Adam).
62. Maud, daughter of Christiana Sperlyng (daughter of Emma Sperling), wife of Bartholomew de Kent, tailor 1291 (1324) Pat. Emma (will enrolled 1274-5) was a daughter of Ralph Sperling, alderman of Bill c. 1223-53. Cf. no. 71.
64. Dyonisius le Orfevere 1305 LBC 244, D. de Cantebrigg' 1319 S [Cordw 13], D. de Grauntebrigge 1321 Cor 42 (owner of a house in All Hallows Bread St; Robert Denys his son dead). - OF orfevre 'goldsmith'.
65. Very likely John de St. Albans 1298 Mayors 5 (cordwainer or shoemaker). - St. Alban Wood St or St. Albans Hrt.
66. Not found elsewhere. - Perhaps Bitton Gl.
67. John de Meleford 1292 LBA 179, J. de Meleford junior, fruiterer 1292-3 ib. 182 (lessor of a tenement in St. Mary Aldermanbury to no. 57). - Melford Sf.
68. St. Saviour in Guernsey or Jersey or Saint Sauveur in France (several).
70. Richard Poyntel 1286 LBA 163 (juror St. Mary Aldermanbury), 1292 ib. 180 (witness St Alphage). Probably a currier like William [BishE 9]. - ME, OF pointel 'a small pointed instrument'. Pointel occurs as a by-name or surname from DB on (Tengvik 328).
71. W. de Kent, tailor 1305 LBC 244 (juror Crip), 1307 Mayors 259, 1314-15 Will (of St. Mary Aldermanbury). Perhaps a son of Maud [no. 62].
72. Possibly John Woderove, cordewaner 1301 Cor 30 (surety CripI).
74. Callere 'maker of cauls or caps'.
75. Cf. no. 13.
76. Adam Trog, girdler 1289-90 LBA 119, A. Trug, girdler 1299-1300 Mayors 65, A. Trugge 1315-16 Will (of St. Lawrence Jewry). Eleyne his widow was later married to Robert de Dodeford [Bridge 28]. Adam was the son-in-law of William Trog (1293 Will); no doubt he took the surname of his father-in-law and probably master. - There is an early Engl trug 'prostitute, trull' (1592, etc. OED).
77. The surname was taken from some place in France (Chenay, etc.).
78. Richard de Monpeillers 1281-2 LBA 48, R. de Monte Pessulano (Mumpeiler) 1297-8 LBB 67, R. de Montpellier 1299 LBB 91 (apothecary), R. de Mountpeillers, espicer 1310 ib. 253, R. de Mounpelers c. 1313 LBC 238 (tenant of a shop in Speciaria). A son of Robert de Mounpeillers, who was a sheriff 1262-3 and whose will was enrolled in 1278-9. Richard got a capital messuage in Milk St (CripI). - Montpellier in France.
79. Thomas Sely 1281 LBA 44 (skinner), 1297 LBB 237 (repr. Crip), Th. Sali 1310 Pat, Th. Sely 1311-12 Will (of St. Mary Magdalen). He was a sheriff 1298-9, and alderman of LimeSt 1297-1300, of Aldgate 1303-11. On Robert his son see 1319 S [CripE 75]. - ME seely (OE solig) 'happy, pious', etc.
80. Robert Burdeyn, goldsmith 1305-6 Cl (purveyor of a crown for the Queen), 1314 LBE 26, R. de Burdeyn 1313 LBD 22 (elected sheriff), R. Burdeyn 1325 (1327) Will (owner of tenements in St. Alban, St. Michael, St. Alphage). Surname obscure, apparently of French origin.
81. William de Wynton' 1301 Cor 30 (surety Crip), W. de Winton 1311 Will (a tenant in St. Peter le Poor and St. Giles, CripE). - Winchester.
82. Borden K.
83. John le Rous, fruiterer 1295 LBB 59, J. le Rede, fruter 1297-8 LBB 67. The surname varies between ME Red and OF Rous, both 'red-haired'.
84. Robert de Worchestede 1297-8 LBB 246 (repr. Crip), R. de Woristede 1299 LBC 38, R. de Worstede 1319 S [CripI 6], 1326-7 Will (mercer, of St. Lawrence Jewry). - Worstead Nf.
85. Walter de St. Eadmund, skinner 1277-8 LBB 272 (surety Cheap). - Bury St. Edmunds Sf.