Subsidy Roll 1292
Cordwainer ward

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Centre for Metropolitan History

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Eilert Ekwall

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1951

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175-181

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'Subsidy Roll 1292: Cordwainer ward', Two Early London Subsidy Rolls (1951), pp. 175-181. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=31921 Date accessed: 20 October 2014.


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Cordewanerstrate H. Galeys, Cordwainer ward.

Parishes: St. Antholin, St. Mary Aldermary, St. Mary le Bow. Partly in Cordwainer: All Hallows Bread Street, St. Benet Sherehog, Holy Trinity the Less, St. John the Baptist, St. Mildred Bread Street, St. Thomas Apostle. St. Mildred Poultry and St. Pancras Soper Lane are in Cheap, but adjoin Cordwainer.

Alderman: Henry le Waleys (c. 1269-1294). Early references: H. le Waleys 1260-1 Pat, H. le Waleis 1261-2 ib. (provider of wine to the King), 1268 ib. (King's merchant). He was a sheriff 1270-1, Mayor 1273-4, 1281-4, 1298-9. He was a juror for Vintry in 1275 (RH 424) and evidently lived there. He is called H. Walsshe as a sheriff LBF 280. If he is identical with Henry legalays, father of William de Strogoyl, whose will was enrolled in 1281-2, he may have come from Chepstow (olim Strogoil).

[Mem. 4, col. 1.]

1 Staci de Gynes vj s. viij d. (fn. 1)
2 Willelmus de Hokele chapeler iij s. iiij d. (fn. 2)
3 Gilb' le Surgien x s. (fn. 3)
4 Stephanus Beck' ij m. (fn. 4)
5 Ric' Galopin J m. (fn. 5)
6 Will' de storteford v lj. (fn. 6)
7 Hug' de Kingeswode xl d. (fn. 7)
8 Joh' heyrun xl d. (fn. 8)
9 Donne lumbard v lj. (fn. 9)
10 Jacolin hugelin de Seint botulf v lj. (fn. 10)
11 Gilb' de assindone J m. (fn. 11)
12 Willelmus Walran xl s. (fn. 12)
13 Ric' de hakeburne xx s. (fn. 13)
14 Willelmus vallettus Johannis clerici ij m. (fn. 14)
15 Thomas bolemer di.m. (fn. 15)
16 Joh' de Gildeford xl s. (fn. 16)
17 Joh' Motun J.mr. (fn. 17)
18 Willelmus de Renham J m. (fn. 18)
19 Hankin de arras et socius suus ij m. (fn. 19)
20 Petrus de Hungri xl d. (fn. 20)
21 Rogerus atte Vine v s. (fn. 21)
22 Willelmus le Surgien xl d. (fn. 22)
23 ffilius Bernard' Gut J m. (fn. 23)
24 Willelmus Seruad xl s. (fn. 24)
25 Alanus pistor xl d. (fn. 25)
26 Henr' de Cant' pistor xl d. (fn. 26)
27 Rob' Setter di.m. (fn. 27)
28 Thomas Romeyn v lj. (fn. 28)
29 Joh' de Burford Lx s. (fn. 29)
30 Adam le Gaunter xl d. (fn. 30)
31 Hug' de Lodelawe di.m. (fn. 31)
32 Walt' de Bredstrate xx s. (fn. 32)
33 Gilb' de Lesynys di.m. (fn. 33)
34 Adam de storteford allutarius xl d. (fn. 34)
35 Rob' de Rothewelle di.m. (fn. 35)
36 Will' le Sirger xl d. (fn. 36)
37 Joh' de Wrytele fformager xxx s. (fn. 37)
38 Rog' de Essexe xl s. (fn. 38)
39 Henr' de Banneberi xl d. (fn. 39)
40 Joh' de arcub(us) speciarius xx s. (fn. 40)
41 Joh' le ffruter xl d. (fn. 41)
42 Joh' Tilli J.m. (fn. 42)
43 Baudechoun le chaucer xl d. (fn. 43)
44 Ricardus toterich ij m. (fn. 44)
45 Ric' de Weleford (fn. 45)
46 Will' le tauerner chaucer J.m. (fn. 46)
47 Will' de sancto Bartho(lomeo) xvj s. viij d. (fn. 47)
48 Rob' ffrowick' cordewaner xl d. (fn. 48)
49 Rob' Louet xl s. (fn. 49)
50 Janin Monchaud de paris ij m. (fn. 50)
51 Henr' Wirdrawere ij s. (fn. 51)
52 Radulphus de Dureme ij s. (fn. 52)
53 Joh' le Paumer ij s. (fn. 53)
54 Alanus Beck' ij s. (fn. 54)
55 Adam de Lenne ij s. (fn. 55)
56 Simon Godard' xl d. (fn. 56)
57 Will' de helmetone xl d. (fn. 57)
58 Paulus Godchep di.m. (fn. 58)
59 Rob' de Kidemenstre di.m. (fn. 59)
60 Will' de Waltham di.m. (fn. 60)
61 Joh' le Longe di.m. (fn. 61)
62 Alic' de arraz xx s. (fn. 62)
63 Sarra de hakeburne J m. (fn. 63)
64 Thomas le Cu ij s. (fn. 64)
65 Thomas de Wrotham pestor di.m. (fn. 65)
66 Joh' de Meltone poleter ij s. (fn. 66)
67 Joh' de Cant' clericus di.m. (fn. 67)
68 Thomas paul ij s. (fn. 68)
69 Daniel cordewaner iij s. 69
70 Roys le clerk' xl d. (fn. 70)
Summa Lix.lj. xvij s. iiij d.
Capit' Lxx.

Footnotes

1. Isabella, wife of Eustace de Guynes 1299 LBC 45 (a creditor of a Gascon). - Guines in Pas de Calais.
2. A hatter. - Hockley Ess.
3. Gilbert le Surigien of St. Antonin 1312 Will.
4. Stephen Beck 1291 LBA 131, S. Bek 1302 CW 156 (an earlier grantor to William de Lewes [Bridge 1]). Occupation unknown. The surname is obscure. Cf. Manettus Bek of Florence 1277 Pat, William de Beck 1275 f. RH II, 52, 54 (citizen of London, wool-exporter), W. Bek 1277 Chancery Var (id.), 1297 Will.
5. Richard Galopyn 1302 Ann Lond. He was a defendant with Elias Russel, draper, John de Gildeford [no. 16], Peter Adrian, pepperer, and William Walram [no. 12] and was very likely a pepperer like the last three. - OF galopin 'kitchen-boy, scullion', also used as a font-name.
6. William de Storteford 1295 LBB 212 (pepperer), 1295 ib. 235 (repr. Cordw), W. de Sterteford 1292 ADC 466 (a tenant in St. Antholin). He was a sheriff 1297-8. - Stortford Hrt.
7. Hugh de Kyngeswode 1304 Will (annulled). - Kingswood Sr, Gl, Wa.
8. There may have been two persons of this name connected with Cordw. John Heyrun junior 1298 LBB 68, 1300 Mayors 99 (tenant of a shop in Soper Lane), J. Heyroun 1325 (1327-8) Will (a tenant in St. Antholin). This would seem to have been a pepperer, but he may have been assessed in some other ward. There is further John Hayroun 1309 LBD 213 (witness in St. Mary le Bow with Clement le Settere), J. Heyroun, settere 1314 LBE 50, perhaps J. Heyron 1319 S [Cordw 21]. This man was an embroiderer. The low assessments, in 1319 only 20d., tell in favour of identification with the latter. On settere see Appendix.
9. Donus, son of Bernardinus de Podio 1288 Cl, Donne, son of Bernard de Luka 1288-9 LBA 112, Donus de Podio, merchant 1291 ib. 135 (with no. 10), D. de Podio 1290, 1305-6, 1314-15 Cl. A Lombard merchant. Donus is Langobardic Don (n)o (Bruckner).
10. James Hugelini de Luka 1290-1 LBA 208, Jack' Hugelini, merchant 1291 ib. 135. A Lombard merchant. Seint Botulf may be Boston Li.
11. Gilbert de Asshindone 1293 LBC 14, G. de Ayssindon, mercer 1307 Will (of St. Benet Sherehog). Perhaps a son of Robert de Assendon(e) 1276 LBB 263 (surety Cordw), 1284 LBA 160 (a tenant in St. Antholin). - Ashendon Bk, Ashdon, Ashingdon Ess.
12. William Wallaraunt 1299 LBB 93, W. Walramen 1301 Cor 16, W. Walram 1309 LBB 223 (pepperer), 1316 Mem 120 (pepperer of Soper Lane), 1319 S [Walbr 51], 1323 Parl Writs II, ii, App. 248. - Waleram, Walerand fn, from OF Galerant, OG Walahram.
13. Richard de Hakeburne, mercer 1281, 1289-90 LBA 43, 125. - Hagbourne Brk.
14. Johannes clericus will be John le Clerc [Vi 27].
15. For the surname cf. Simon Bolein' (for Bolemer) 1275 RH 423, S. Bilimer, bleter (cornmonger) 1277 LBB 269, S. Bolimer 1290-1 LBA 129. He was of Castle Baynard.
16. John de Geldeford 1297 LBB 239 (repr. Cordw), J. de Gildeford, pepperer 1301 LBB 110, J. de Guldeford, pepperer of Soper Lane 1305-6 Mayors 238. He was dead in 1309, and his lands and tenements were seized because he was a bastard and died without an heir (LBC 154). - Guildford Sr.
17. John Motoun, mercer 1312 LBB 46. - ME, OF moto(u)n 'sheep'.
18. Rainham Ess, K, Raynham Nf.
19. If Hankin could be used as a hypocoristic form of Hugh, this may be Hugh, son of Robert de Arras 1299 Will (of St. Antholin). Cf. no. 62.
20. Peter Hungrie 1297 LBB 237 (repr. Aldersg), P. de Hungrie 1308 ib. 207 (pepperer), 1311 LBD 190 (a tenant in Soper Lane). A son of Walter de Hungrie (1291-2 Will, a tenant in St. Botolph Aldersgate and St. Vedast). - Hungary (the country), F La Hongrie.
21. Roger de la Vine, cornmonger 1292 LBA 144, R. atte Vine 1297 LBB 237 (repr. Cordw), R. ate Vyne 1319 S [Cordw 64], R. atte Vyne 1336 Will (a cornmonger, of St. Thomas Apostle). - Cf. Qu 12.
22. Master William the Surgeon 1300 Cor 4 (St. Mary Aldermary).
23. Simon Gut, apothecary 1299 LBC 45, S. Guth, pepperer of Soper Lane 1305-6 Mayors 238, or John Gut' 1310 LBB 250 (grocer of Soper Lane), J. Gut, Spicer 1332 S [Cheap]. - OE gutt, ME gut 'intestine', 'belly'.
24. William Servat of Cahors 1272 Pat (wool-exporter), W. Servat 1280 LBA 31 (a foreign merchant, a creditor for spicery), 1280-1 ib. 37 (a creditor for silk), 1309 Parl Writs II, ii, App 23 (merchant of London), W. Servad 1286, 1289 LBA 100, 118. He was an M.P. in 1309 (LBC 166) and alderman of Walbrook 1309-18. He lent the King over £2,000 in 1315 (Cl). A tenement of his in St. Benet Sherehog is referred to in 1319-20 (LBE 112). A merchant and financier of French birth; cf. also p. 43. - French Servais (from Servatius) fn.
25. Alan the Baker 1283 LBA 155 (a tenant in St. Mary Aldermary), A. Pistor 1294-5 Will (a tenant ib. and in St. Mildred Bread St).
26. Henry de Canterbury, baker 1299 LBC 48, H. de Caunterbirs, baker 1307 LBC 204 (a former tenant in St. Mildred Bread St).
27. An embroiderer. Cf. no. 8 and Appendix.
28. Thomas Romeyn 1285 LBA 162, 1288 ib. 171 (a tenant in St. Antholin), Th. Romayn 1312 (1313) Will (of St. Mary Aldermary). He was a pepperer, a sheriff 1290-1, alderman of Cordw 1294-1312, and Mayor 1309-10. On Juliana his wife see 1319 S [Cordw 4]. - ME Romein 'Roman'. Perhaps he was of Italian origin; cf. Richard Romeyn, citizen of Lucca 1305-6 LBB 168.
29. John de Bureforde 1297 Lib Cust 108, J. de Burghford 1312 LBB 41, J. de Boreford, pepperer of Soper Lane 1316 Mem 120, J. de Burford 1322 HMC 4th Rep 197 (will). He was a sheriff 1303-4 and alderman of Vintry 1321-2. Roesia, his wife, was a daughter of Thomas Romeyn. Her will was enrolled in 1329. - Burford O.
30. OF gantier 'glover'. Cf. Laurence le Ganter 1279-80 Will (a tenant in St. Antholin).
31. Ludlow Sa.
32. Walter de Bredstrate 1276 LBA 8 (cordwainer), 1293 CW 109 (will of Peter, son of John le Long), W. de Bredstrete 1307 Will (owner of shops in All Hallows Bread St). Walter was grandfather of John de Bredstrate 1319 S [Cordw 71]. Margery, widow of Walter de Bredstrete, cordwainer 1316 Will. Her first husband was John le Longe.
33. Gilbert de Lesnes 1301 LBC 104, 1309 LBD 213 (gold-beater, a late tenant in St. Mary le Bow). - Lessness K.
34. Adam de Storteford, cordwainer 1276, 1283 LBA 8, 69, 1277 LBB 270, A. de Starteford, cordwainer 1299-1300 Mayors 62. Cf. no. 6.
35. Rothwell Np, Li, YW.
36. William le Cirger 1278 LBA 225 (witness St. Mary Aldermary), W. le Sirger 1295 Will (of St. Mary Aldermary). - Cirger 'wax-chandler'.
37. John de Writele, formager (cheesemonger) 1298 LBB 69, J. de Wrytele 1304-5 LBC 119 (parishioner of St. Mary le Bow), J. de Writele, cheesemonger 1306 Will (wife Isabella, sons Ralph, John). Cf. 1319 S [Cordw 26, 30]. - Writtle Ess.
38. Roger de Essex 1297-8 Will (of St. Mary le Bow). He left shops in Honey Lane to Otho his servant, clearly Odo de Essex, spicer (1301 LBC 94, etc.). Roger was thus a spicer (pepperer).
39. Henry de Bannebiry, caligarius (hosier) of Cordwanerstrete 1306 LBB 173, H. de Bannebury, chaucer 1310 LBD 125. - Banbury O.
40. Possibly John, son of Hugh de Arcubus 1283 CW 65. Arcubus is a common Latinized form of Bow (St. Mary le Bow).
41. OF frutier 'fruiterer'.
42. John Tilli, cordwainer (leather-merchant) 1281, 1291 LBA 41, 134, J. Tilly 1304 Will (not proved). Doubtless identical with John Tilli, kisser 1299-1300 Mayors 61. Cf. also Robert Tilli, kisser Mayors 61 and Philip Tylly 1327-8 Will (of St. Giles). - Tilli perhaps ME tilie, OE tilia 'husbandman'.
43. Baudewin Chaucer 1292-3 LBA 146, Baldewyn le Chaucer de Cordwanerstrete 1306-7 LBB 193, Baudechoun le Chaucer 1310 f. LBB 25, 254. A hosier. Baudechoun is a hypocoristic form of Baldwin.
44. Richard de Toterich, hosier 1294-5 LBA 199 f. - Totteridge Hrt.
45. Richard de Welleford 1300 LBC 83, 1302-3 LBB 123 (chaucer), ib. 124 (draper), 1312-13 Will (a tenant in St. Mary Aldermary and St. Mildred Bread St). He is alternatively styled chaucer (hosier) and draper, not an uncommon combination. He was a sheriff 1311-12 and was reelected for 1312-13, but died in office. - Welford Np, Gl, Brk.
46. William le Taverner, chaucer 1305 LBC 244, 1318 LBE 94, 1326 Cor 169 (juror Cordw), 1332 S (12s.), W. le Taverner 1319 S [Cordw 25], 1328 LBE 233 (warden of hosiers).
47. William de St. Bartholomew, mercer 1286 LBA 101, or W. de St. Bartholomew, cordwainer 1311 LBD 258. - St. Bartholomew (BroadSt).
48. Robert de Frowyk, cordwainer 1298 Mayors 4, Master R. de Frowic, cordwainer 1299 LBC 48, R. de Frowic 1299-1300 LBC 57 (warden of cordwainers), R. de Frowyk 1311 Will. No doubt identical with Robert, son of Johanna de Frowyk 1276 LBA 5, and a son of Peter de Frowyc c. 1255 Ipm (will), perhaps the Peter de Frowike who abandoned the Christian faith (1254 Pat). Robert was a legatee of Nicholas de Lyntone [BishI 19]. - Frowick Hall in St. Osyth Ess.
49. Robert Lovet 1289-90 LBA 125 (mercer), 1296 LBC 25, 1307 LBB 194. - Lovet, a family name from OF lovet 'wolf cub'.
50. John de Monchaud 1290-1 LBA 129 (merchant), 1300-1 LBB 102 (a creditor of a Lucca merchant), J. de Monthaud, mercer 1309 LBD 37. - Perhaps Montchaude in Charente.
51. Apparently a wire-drawer.
52. Durham.
53. For the surname cf. Bridge 66.
54. Cf. no. 4.
55. Lynn Nf.
56. Simon Goddard 1275 RH 424 (juror Cordw), S. Godard 1275-6 LBA 226 (pepperer), 1284 ib. 160 (a tenant in St. Antholin), 1303 Mayors 147 (deceased). Simon in 1277 (LBA 211) held lands formerly belonging to Geoffrey Godard, whose will was enrolled in 1273-4, and may have been a son of his. - Godard fn from OF Godard, OG Godhard.
57. William de Helweton 1289 LBA 118, W. de Helmeton, pepperer 1299-1300 LBB 183, W. de Helveton 1300 LBB 99 (peverer), 1310 Will (tenant of a shop in St. Antholin). - Helhoughton or Hellington Nf.
58. Paul Godchep 1289 LBA 118, 1289-90 ib. 124 (merchant), 1290-1 ib. 123 (mercenarius, i. e. mercer), 1293-4 ib. 149. - Godchep lit. 'good bargain'; cf. ELPN 151.
59. Robert de Kydemenstre 1282 ADA 1634, R. de Kudeminstre, chaucer 1293-4 LBA 150, R. de Kydemunster 1297 Will (of St. Mary le Bow). - Kidderminster Wo.
60. William de Wautham 1303-4 Mayors 156, W. de Waltham 1319 LBE 87 f., 1332 S [Cordw]. Tenements devised by John de Export for a chantry in St. Mary Aldermary were recovered from the executors and entrusted to him. Cf. John Pas [Dowg 44]. - Waltham (common).
61. John le Loung 1297 LBB 237 (repr. Cordw), J. le Lung, goldsmith 1304 LBC 213 (imprisoned for debt), J. le Loung 1305 ib. 244 (son of Roger le Loung, imprisoned for debt, owner of a tenement in St. Mary le Bow). Roger le Long was a juror for Cordw in 1275 (RH 424).
62. Alice, relict of Robert de Arras 1326-7 Will (a tenant in St. Antholin and elsewhere). Robert de Aras (or Arraz) was a merchant and woolmonger, a sheriff 1276-7, alderman of Broad St c. 1278-1291, dead probably in 1291. Alice his widow is mentioned 1302 CW 155. - Cf. Dowg 50.
63. Perhaps mother of Richard [no. 13].
64. OF cu, keu 'cook'.
65. Thomas de Wrotham, baker 1303 Mayors 152. - Wrotham K.
66. A poulterer. - Melton Sf, Li, etc.
67. A clerk. - Cant' for Canterbury.
68. Possibly connected with Paul Godchep [no. 58]. Cf. Dowg 18.
70. Doubtless widow of a person with the surname le Clerk.