Subsidy Roll 1292
Billingsgate ward

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Centre for Metropolitan History

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Eilert Ekwall

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1951

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193-199

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'Subsidy Roll 1292: Billingsgate ward', Two Early London Subsidy Rolls (1951), pp. 193-199. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=31927 Date accessed: 31 July 2014.


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Warda Wlmari de Essexe, Billingsgate ward.

Parishes: St. Andrew Hubbard, St. Botolph Billingsgate, St. George Botolph Lane, St. Margaret Pattens, St. Mary at Hill. Partly in Billingsgate: St. Dionis Backchurch, St. Gabriel Fenchurch, St. Leonard Eastcheap, St. Magnus the Martyr, St. Margaret Fish Street Hill.

Alderman: Wolmar de Essex (c. 1274-93). Early references: W. de Essex 1272 Pat (King's merchant), 1275 RH 408 (wool-exporter). He appears to have got into financial troubles and was ordered to be arrested for debt in 1303, but could not be found (LBC 131). See also no. 35.

[Mem. 6, col. 1.]

1 Walterus Le marberer di.[m.] (fn. 1)
2 Laur' bulloc xl d. (fn. 2)
3 Simon Le Coteler xxx s. (fn. 3)
4 Rob' turck' x s. (fn. 4)
5 Will' de Wyncestre leyner J m. (fn. 5)
6 Will' de kent pistor v.s. (fn. 6)
7 Will' de Sandwyco alutarius di.m. (fn. 7)
8 Rogerus le Rous brasur x s. (fn. 8)
9 Joh' de Romeneye xl s. (fn. 9)
10 Joh' Frois xl d. (fn. 10)
11 Kiterna Swote ij s. (fn. 11)
12 Alex' le barber x s. 12
13 Thomas de rederesgate xl d. (fn. 13)
14 Rad' de Sancto Edmundo alutarius di.m. (fn. 14)
15 Willelmus le clerc xl d. (fn. 15)
16 Joh' le ku di.m. (fn. 16)
17 Thomas de Perindone xl d. (fn. 17)
18 Gilb' dun pistor v s. (fn. 18)
19 Henr' le chacer xx s. (fn. 19)
20 Fulco batelarius ij s. (fn. 20)
21 Will' pykeman xx s. (fn. 21)
22 Joh' de Doddinghirst barber iiij s. (fn. 22)
23 Gilb' le barber ij s. (fn. 23)
24 Steph' Pykeman xxx s. (fn. 24)
25 Joh' de Mucking di.m. (fn. 25)
26 Joh' le Norreys x s. (fn. 26)
27 Joh' le torney xl d. (fn. 27)
28 Steph' Fros xx s. (fn. 28)
29 Joh' bacheler ij m. (fn. 29)
30 Will' Sorweles x s. (fn. 30)
31 Elyas bacheler di.m. (fn. 31)
32 Thomas de kent ij m. (fn. 32)
33 Joh' le Rus v s. (fn. 33)
34 Rob' de Staundone di.m. (fn. 34)
35 Ric' Wolmer' xx s. (fn. 35)
36 Joh' brother Senior xl s. (fn. 36)
37 Ric' le chaundeler v s. 37
38 Will' Simund x s. (fn. 38)
39 Ric' de brumeley v.s. (fn. 39)
40 gilb' cros xxx s. (fn. 40)
41 Henr' poteman x s. (fn. 41)
42 Goceus le Leyner di.m. (fn. 42)
43 Thomas de boloyne x s. (fn. 43)
44 Will' le Mitere di.m. (fn. 44)
45 Joh' de dene xl s. (fn. 45)
46 Rog de Wautham J m. (fn. 46)
47 Ric' de Hathfeld di.m. (fn. 47)
48 Will' de Wyndelsore xl d. (fn. 48)
49 Joh' de fulmere xx s. (fn. 49)
50 Rog' lenoreys xl d. (fn. 50)
51 bartholom' le Estreys xx s. (fn. 51)
52 Adam le Estreys filius ludekin xl d. (fn. 52)
53 Henr' box lx.s. (fn. 53)
54 Will' cros x s. (fn. 54)
55 Adam box di.m. (fn. 55)
56 Will' de lynham taylour ij s. (fn. 56)
57 Simoun de garchirche ij s. (fn. 57)
58 Walt' le cordewanere ij s. 58
59 Joh' le kakier ij s. (fn. 59)
60 Rad' de Wincestre xl d. (fn. 60)
61 Thomas cros lx s. (fn. 61)
62 Ric' Scarp xx s. (fn. 62)
63 petr' de kumbe xxx s. (fn. 63)
64 Rob' pykeman J m. (fn. 64)
65 Alex' le pik xl d. (fn. 65)
Summa xlj.lj. xvj.s. iij.d.
Cap' Lxv

Footnotes

1. Walter le Marberer 1300 LBC 68, W. le Marbeler 1307-8 CW 195 (brother-in-law of Walter Bacheler; cf. no. 31), W. le Marbrer 1326-7 LBE 224 (owner of a tenement in St. Magnus). Joan his widow, a daughter of Elyas Bacheler [no. 31], had a shop in St. Margaret Pattens in 1331 (LBE 253). Marberer means 'worker in marble', but Walter may have been a fishmonger; indeed it looks as if his widow was one.
2. Laurence Bollock 1292 LBA 139 (a debitor of a taverner), 1294 LBB 57 (a debitor of a merchant of Bordeaux). Probably a taverner like Walter Bullok [1319 S, Dowg 28]. - OE bulluc 'a bull calf' (a nickname).
3. Simon le Cotiler 1291 ADA 1970 (resident in St. Andrew Hubbard), probably 1297 LBB 237 (repr. Bridge), S. le Coteler of London Bridge 1300 LBC 76 (owner of a house on the Bridge), ? S. le Cotiller 1319 S [Bridge 79]. A cutler, who had a shop on the Bridge. He may have moved after 1292.
4. Robert Turk 1290 Pat (fishmonger), 1305 Mayors 229 (fishmonger of Bridge St), R. Tourk 1311 LBD 302. - Turk 'Turk'; cf. ELPN 170.
5. William Fitz Herbert 1294-5 Will (a tenant in St. Andrew), perhaps W. de Wynchester 1292 LBA 139, LBC 7. A son of Herbert de Winton, who by his will of 1282-3 left to William his son a moiety of a tenement in St. Andrew. Herbert, mentioned as early as 1241-2 (Paul's, p. 276), was no doubt connected with early merchants called de Winchester, as Walter (a sheriff 1229-30), Geoffrey (sheriff 1248-9, alderman of Bridge), Nicholas (a woolmonger, a sheriff 1273-4). Leyner means 'woolmonger'.
6. William de Kent 1300 Will (of St. Margaret Pattens). A baker.
7. William de Sandwich 1299-1300 LBC 57 (warden of cordwainers), W. de Sandwych(e) 1302 LBC 131 (witness Bill), 1319 S [Bill 23]. Alutarius means 'cordwainer'. - Sandwich K.
8. A brewer; cf. CripI 16. For Rous see Qu 5.
9. John de Romeneye 1299-1300 Mayors 63, 1305 ib. 232 (a tenant in Bill), 1310 LBD 241 (sworn to keep the port of Billingsgate), 1311 ib. 302 (purveyor of oats), 1316 Cl. A cornmonger and perhaps a general merchant. - Romney K.
10. John Frochs, fishmonger 1299-1300 Mayors 63, J. Frossh 1313 LBA 185 (id.), 1319 EssFF II, 193 (a tenant in Harlow etc.). Doubtless connected with Thomas Froys 1273-4 Will (owner of a shop in St. Margaret, devised to him by William Froys), Geoffrey Frosh, fishmonger 1275 CW 24, G. Frois 1275 RH 424 (juror Bill). Fresh Wharf in St. Botolph (Bill), called Frosseswarf ADA 7361, Frosshewharf 1371 ADA 7377, was evidently named from a person or persons with this surname. - ME frosh(e), OE forsc 'frog', a nickname.
11. The font-name appears to be Kit'na, which is probably a clerical error for Kat'ina (Katerina), but might be a pet form of the name. She was very likely the mother of Richard Swote [1319 S, Bill 53]. - Swote may be ME swote 'sweet' or a font-name derived from it.
13. Thomas de Rederesgate 1300 Cor 2 (surety Bill), 1300 Mayors 72 (keeper of St. Botolph's Quay, Bill, and imprisoned for housing wood belonging to >foreigners< and selling it retail, hence apparently a woodmonger). Rederesgate is now Pudding Lane in Bill and Bridge.
14. Ralph de St. Edmunds, cordwainer 1298 Mayors 5, R. de St. Edmund 1300 LBC 68, R. de Bery 1300 Cor 2 (St. Mary at Hill), R. de Beri, cordwainer 1313 Will (a tenant in Thames St). - Bury St. Edmunds Sf.
15. William le Clerc 1299 Mayors 42 (juror with nos. 7 and 23), very likely W. Clerk, fishmonger 1281 LBA 39.
16. John Cook 1300 Cor 2 (St. Mary at Hill). - Cf. Bridge 45.
17. Thomas de Perndone 1305 LBC 214 (a tenant in St. Botolph), 1310 LBD 293, Th. de Perendone 1320 LBE 136 (deceased). John his son had for guardian a plumber (LBE 178). Cf. also Cristiana de Pirindon 1330 ADC 2588 (a tenant in St. Botolph) and Richard de Peryngdone 1319 S [Bill 39]. - Parndon Ess.
18. A baker. - ME dun 'dark, dusky'.
19. The reading of the surname is not quite clear, but seems to be chacer, possibly miswritten for chaucer, or ME chaser 'one who hunts' (cf. Thuresson 76).
20. Fulk le Couper, Batiller 1300 Cor 2 (surety Bill). - OF batelier 'boatman', here more likely 'boat-builder'.
21. William Pikeman 1290 Pat (fishmonger), 1297 LBB 238 (repr. Bill), 1323 Will (of St. Margaret), W. Pykeman 1306 LBC 178 (fishmonger). - Pikeman perhaps 'a seller of pike'. The surname is common. Cf. nos. 24 and 64, also Geoffrey Pikeman 1275 RH 416 (juror Bill) and Ralph, Richard and Turgisl Pikeman, fishmongers 1290 Pat.
22. John de Dodingherst, barbier 1309 LBD 42 (adm. Bill). A case of late admission. - Doddinghurst Ess.
23. Gilbert le Barbur 1283 LBA 155 (witness St. Mary at Hill), G. le Barber 1300 Cor 2 (surety Bill), John son of Gilberd le Barber de Billinggesgate 1300-1 LBB 104.
24. Stephen Pikeman 1275 RH 417 (juror Bridge), 1290 Pat (fishmonger), 1297 LBB 238 (repr. Bill), S. Pykeman 1299-1300 Mayors 63. Cf. no. 21.
25. John de Mockinge 1290 Pat (fishmonger), 1297-8 LBB 246 (repr. Bill), J. de Mockyng senior 1315-16 LBE 62. - Mucking Ess.
26. John le Noreys 1278 LBB 273 (cutler, apparently of London Bridge), 1283 LBA 155 (witness St. Mary at Hill), 1298 Mayors 4 (farmer of the wardenship of Billingsgate). - Cf. Bas 4.
27. John le Torney may be identical with John de Thorneie 1319 S [Bill 24]. If so, le is miswritten for de, which may be due to the preceding le Norreys. Thorney is a common place-name.
28. Stephen Fros, fishmonger 1290 Pat. Cf. no. 10.
29. John Bacheler 1290 Pat (fishmonger), 1305-6 Will (owner of tenements in St. Margaret Pattens and St. Magnus). Cf. also nos. 1 and 31. Bacheler perhaps 'unmarried man'.
30. William Sorweles 1290 Pat (fishmonger), 1297-8 LBB 246 (repr. Bill), 1309 CW 205 (preferred as purchaser of a tenement in St. Botolph), W. Soreweles 1316 Cl. Cf. Robert Soroweles 1319 Will (wife Olive); Olive Sorweles (of St. Botolph) is referred to as a widow in 1321 (Cor 34). - ME sorweles 'free from sorrow', also 'careless, unconcerned'. Cf. Carles ELPN 144.
31. Elyas Bacheler 1281 ADB 2064 (wife Margery), 1290 Pat (fishmonger). Margery, relict of E. Bacheler 1301 Will (of Pudding Lane in St. Margaret Pattens). A son of Elyas was Walter called Bacheler 1307-8 Will. Cf. no. 29.
32. Thomas de Kent, fishmonger 1290 Pat, 1295-6 Will (of St. Botolph).
33. John le Rous-1294 Will (of St. Margaret Pattens). - Cf. Qu 5.
34. Robert de Staundon 1295-6 Will (a tenant in St. Lawrence Pountney and St. Botolph, Bill). He mentions Master Gerard de Staundon, identical with G. de Staundone, rector of Stevenage, whose will was enrolled in 1314-15, and whose nephew Peter [1319 S, Cand 56] was a plumber. Robert was perhaps a plumber. - Standon Hrt, St, Stondon Bd, Ess.
35. Richard Wolmer 1297-8 LBB 246 (repr. Bill), 1298 ib. 218 (part owner of Botolph's Wharf in Bill with no. 40), R. Wolmar 1314-15 Will (of St. Botolph). Probably a former apprentice of Wolmar de Essex, the alderman, to whose widow Felicia he left a legacy, the surname Wolmer being taken from his master's font-name. No doubt a merchant (woolmonger).
36. John Brother 1272 ff. ADC 476, 1605, 1609 (a tenant in St. Botolph), 1275 RH 416 (juror Bill), J. Brother the elder 1299 ADC 3573 (deceased, widow Isabella). Cf. Wymond Brother 1319 S [Bill 46]. John was doubtless a woolmonger. - Brother may be the word brother or the font-name OE Brodor.
38. William son of Simon, fishmonger 1290 Pat, W. Simond 1301-2 Mayors 121, 1320 LBE 126. The father may be Symon Orpedeman 1275 RH 416 (juror Bill). - Cf. Bridge 78.
39. Cf. Ralph de Brumley [Qu 24]. Perhaps a fishmonger.
40. Gilbert Cros 1290 Pat (fishmonger), 1298 LBB 218 (cf. no. 35), 1303-4 LBC 133 (warden of London Bridge), 1311 LBB 30. - Cf. Bridge 43.
41. Henry Poteman 1290 Pat (fishmonger), 1303 LBB 125 (id.), 1311 Cl (merchant robbed of goods in Friesland), 1320 Lib Cust 385. - Perhaps a nickname meaning 'a pushing fellow', derived from ME pote (OE potian) 'to push'.
42. Joyce le Wollemongere 1300-1 Will (of St. Andrew), Joce le Laner 1312 LBD 316 (a former tenant ib.). - OF lainier 'woolmonger'.
43. Thomas de Bolonia 1295 LBC 21 (owner of a ship with no. 65), Th. de Boloigne 1309 LBD 215 (tenant of a cellar in Greenwich Lane, Dowg), 1316 Will (of St. Dunstan, Tower; owner of property in Bill). Cf. John de Bolonia [1319 S, Tower 57], a brother of Thomas. Thomas was clearly a merchant, possibly a fishmonger or a vintner. - Boulogne.
44. William le Mitere 1282-3 CW 61, W. le Mic' (sic) 1299-1300 LBC 57 (warden of bakers), W. le Micere (sic) 1303-4 Mayors 155 (lessor of a bakehouse, probably in St. Mary at Hill). Richard le Mitere 1310 LBD 54 (baker, adm.), 1324 LBE 197 (witness St. Margaret Pattens) was very likely an apprentice of William's. - Surname obscure.
45. John de Dene called Gombard 1300 LBC 85, J. de Dene, lainer (woolmonger), called Gombard 1303 LBB 129, J. Gumbard 1300 LBC 72 (cloth of his seized in Brabant), J. de Dene 1309 Will (of St. Andrew). A woolmonger and draper. On the variation of the surname see Var 6. Gumbard seems to be a Romance form of OG Gundbert. - Dean (common), Deene Np.
46. Possibly connected with Ralph de Waltham of St. George (1290 Will).
47. Perhaps Richard de Hatfeld, butcher 1305 Mayors 195. - Hatfield Ess, Hrt, etc.
48. Windsor Brk.
49. John de Fulmere 1300 LBC 85, J. de Foulmere 1304-5 Will (of St. Andrew). A woolmonger or draper, since goods of his, of Peter de Blakeneye, woolmonger, and John de Dene (no. 45) were seized in Brabant in 1300 (LBC 85). - Cf. Dowg 82.
50. Roger le Noreys 1294 Selden 58 (defendant with John de Romesey, parson of St. Andrew Hubbard). - Cf. no 26.
51. Bartholomew Lusco de Hambourk, B. de Hamburk 1282 LBA 52 f. (creditor of some burellers and weavers), B. le Estrishe 1319 S [Bill 38]; cf. also p. 46. A German merchant. Estreis (Estrish) occurs as a surname in the sense 'German', e. g. Hereman le Estreis 1282 LBA 53 (attorney of Bartholomew de Hamburk), called H. the Teutonic 1283 ib. 155, Thedmar le Estreis 1281-2 ib. 46. Estrish from Estrichish, a derivative of Estriche 'an Eastern kingdom'. Estreis will be a Normanized form. Lusco is the dative of Lat luscus 'one-eyed' or 'squinting'.
52. Adam Lutekyn 1299-1300 LBC 58 (supervisor of the corn-market at Billingsgate), A. Ludekyn 1312-13 LBE 16 (sheriff), A. Lutekyn 1329 Will (a tenant in St. Dunstan, Tower). A merchant, perhaps a cornmonger. He was clearly of German origin. - Lüdekin, Lütken, a well-known German font-name.
53. Henry Box 1295 LBA 189 (sheriff), 1298 Mayors 13 (deceased), 1312 Will (a late enrolment). Henry was a merchant, perhaps a timber-merchant, since John Beauflour in 1298 claimed from his executors £8 12d. for 1200 boards for the King's galley, for which Henry Box had paid only 54s. (Mayors 13 f.). Juliana, his wife, was a daughter of Thomas Cros, alderman [no. 61]; cf. CW 140. - See Dowg 35.
54. William Cros, fishmonger 1290 Pat, 1299-1300 Mayors 63. Cf. Bridge 43.
55. Adam Box, whitebaker n.d. LBA 3, A. Box 1281 LBB 3 (baker, witness with nos. 36 and 61), 1284 LBA 161 (witness St. Andrew). - Cf. Dowg 35.
56. Lyneham O, W.
57. Simon de Grascherche 1300 Cor 2 (surety Bill), 1302 LBC 131 (witness St. Botolph). Probably connected with Martin de Garscherche (1275 Will, of St. Botolph), possibly a cornmonger like John de Canterbury, one of his legatees. - St. Benet Gracechurch, where there was a corn-market.
59. The reading of the surname is not quite clear, but seems to be kakier. A John le Cakyere, weaver, is mentioned 1322 P (Consitt 25, foot-note 3), but is hardly identical with the taxpayer of 1292. Since k and b are often much alike in the MS. and b is actually written for k BroadSt 48, perhaps the surname was really barbier.
60. Ranulf de Winchester 1285 LBA 90 (a debitor of a woolmonger), Ralph de Wynton 1294-5 Will (of St. Andrew; wife Kastanya). The fontname varies between Ralph and Ranulph. Kastania, widow of Ranulf de Wynton, was married later to Robert Gregory [1319 S, Bill 2]. Ralph was doubtless a woolmonger like William de Wyncestre [1319 S, Bill 14].
61. Thomas Cros 1274 Cl, 1285-6 LBA 210 (repr. Bill), 1287 Ann Lond (fishmonger, sheriff), Th. Cross, alderman 1298-9 Will (of St. Botolph). A sheriff 1286-7 and alderman of Billingsgate 1293 (or 1294)-98. - Cf. Bridge 43.
62. Richard Scharp 1281 LBA 33 (butcher), 1291 LBC 2 (repr. Bill), 1313 Will (butcher, of St. Leonard). A son of Thomas Scarp (1262 ADA 2274, a tenant in St. Leonard). - Cf. CripI 5.
63. Peter de Combe 1297 Lib Cust 97, P. de Coumbe 1306 Mayors 248 (apparently a woolmonger), 1310 LBD 238 (a woolmonger), Peter, son of William de Coumbe 1314 Will, P. de Cumbe 1320 LBE 126 (an earlier tenant in St. George). Evidently a son of William de Coumbe 1297-8 Will (of St. Dunstan, Tower; son Peter), W. de Cumbe, wool-merchant 1270, 1272 ADA 1776, 1778. - Co(o)mbe (common).
64. Robert Pykeman 1274 SrFF (fishmonger of London), 1290 Lib Alb 384 (warden of fishmongers), R. Pikeman 1297 LBB 237 (repr. Bill), 1311 LBD 68 (late fishmonger). - Cf. no. 21.
65. Alexander Pyk 1295 LBC 21 (owner of a ship), 1319 S [Tower 16], A. Pike, fishmonger 1313 LBA 185, A. Pyke 1329 (1330-1) Will (owner of a capital tenement in St. Dunstan, Tower). - Very likely a nickname from ME pike the fish (1314 OED). Alternatively from pike 'a pickaxe; a sharp point'; this derivation is probable for an early instance like Aluric Pic (DB); cf. Tengvik 326.