The date of the list of prebendaries in Matthew Hutton's
transcript of the missing St Paul's Liber F f. 62 in Brit. Mus.,
Harley MS. 6956 f. 89.
This list, which gives the name of the prebendary and value of each prebend, purports to be compiled for the taxation for the Holy Land granted by pope Gregory.
Gregory X was pope from 1271 to 1275, but the valuation was made by the papal
collectors in 1276 (W. E. Lunt, Financial Relations of the Papacy with England to
1327 (Mediaeval Academy of America, 1939) p. 318). The list is vitally important in
the compilation of St Paul's Fasti, as although the two catalogues of the prebends
(WD 2 ff. 110/117-112/119 and Brit. Mus., Harley MS. 6956 ff. 91-96) give in order
the names of most of the holders, they assign no dates at all, and other evidence is
extremely scanty. Le Neve-Hardy and Hennessy accept Liber F f. 62 as being a list
of prebendaries in 1276 (or even 1271-75), but this raises several problems, which may
be summarized as follows:
(1) It would necessitate many holders remaining prebendaries for lengthy periods. (fn. 1)
(2) It would necessitate altering the order of prebendaries in the catalogues, whereas
these are generally fairly reliable. (fn. 2)
(3) There is a strong probability in many cases and certainty in others that men
named as holders in the list became prebendaries after 1276. (fn. 3)
(4) Some men named as holders in the list are not known to have held benefices
anywhere as early as 1276. (fn. 1)
(5) Many men known from other sources to have been canons of St Paul's c. 1276
do not figure in the list. (fn. 2)
A comparison with the Taxatio P. Nicholai IV of 1291 is indecisive. The valuation
of twenty prebends is identical in both lists, and the remaining ten are higher in the
supposed valuation of 1276. This fact throws suspicion on the alleged date of the
latter, as the valuation of 1291 was normally higher (Lunt, Financial Relations, p. 326).
Although it seems certain from these considerations that the list could not be as
early as 1276, it is more difficult to ascribe a positive date to it. A date c. 1291-4
seems probable from the following observations:
(1) Everyone mentioned could fit in c. 1291-4, and most are known to be canons of
St Paul's about then.
(2) The list does not omit anyone known to be a canon about then.
(3) Three considerations may have a bearing upon the list's superior limit, but none
of them is certain. If William de Luda held Nesden until he became bishop of
Ely, Hugh de Kersingham became prebendary in 1290. If Solomon de Rochester
held Chamberlainwood to his death, Stephen de Gravesend became prebendary
in 1292. If William de Montfort held Islington to his death, John de Luco became
prebendary in 1294.
(4) The list must be dated before 1295 when Ralph de Malling was collated to
Harleston in succession to Hugh de Kendale.
Ralph de Baldock is likely to have become preb. of Newington in 1283, when predecessor Thomas
de Ingoldesthorp became bp. of Rochester.
Robert de Ross is likely to have become preb. of Pancratius in 1282, when predecessor Richard de
Swinfield became bp. of Hereford.
Ralph de Stanford is likely to have become preb. of Reculversland in 1287, on d. of predecessor
Ralph de Fremingham.
James de Hispania is likely to have become preb. of Totenhall in 1284, when predecessor Antony de
Bek became bp. of Durham.
Stephen de Gravesend is likely to have received collation of preb. of Chamberlainwood from bp.
Richard de Gravesend (1280-1303).
Giles Filliol who is named as preb. of Mapesbury, and Hugh de Kendale, preb. of Harleston, were
installed as canons between Michaelmas 1286 and Michaelmas 1287 (Hale, The Domesday of St Paul's