DIE Mercurii, 12 die Julii.
PRAYERS, by Mr. Gippes.
Domini præsentes fuerunt:
Comes Manchester, Speaker.
Fawcet, Leave to go into the Country.
It is Ordered, That Fawcett shall have Liberty
to go to his own House into Lyncolneshire, and appear
before this House when he shall be summoned.
Bradshaw's Ord. to be Head of Baliol College.
An Ordinance for making Mr. Bradshawe Head of
Balioll Colledge, in Oxford, was read, and approved of;
and ordered to be sent to the House of Commons for
Committee at Derby House to give Instructions to the L. Adm.
An Order was read, to give Power to the Committee
at Derby House, to give Instructions to the Lord Admiral, from Time to Time, in Reference to the Sea Affairs; and being Agreed to, was passed, and ordered
to be sent to the House of Commons for Concurrence.
Durson and Gothorp, in Error.
The Counsel of Durson Plaintiff and Gothorp Defendant, were heard, to argue the Errors, in the Writ of
Error depending (fn. *) in this House.
And this House declared, That the said Writ of
Error is not well removed.
Roper and Wiseman.
Upon hearing the Counsel of Henry Roper Esquire
Plaintiff, and also the Counsel of Raph Wiseman Defendant, in Pursuance of an Order of this House, dated
the 5th of July Instant:
It is Ordered, That this House leaves Mr. Roper
to the regular Way of Proceedings in the Chancery.
L. Brabazon, Leave to go to Spa.
Ordered, That the Lord Brabazon hath Leave to
go to The Spawe, for his Health.
Ly. Stanhope, a Pass.
Ordered, That the Lady Stanhope, with her Company, Coach and Horses, shall have a Pass, to go (fn. *) to
Bagshott, and back again to London.
Letter from L. Howard.
Two Letters from the Lord Howard of Charlton,
directed to the Speaker, were read.
(Here enter them.)
Order for Gen. Skippon to raise a Regiment of Horse.
The Order for the Committee at Derby House to
grant Commissions to Major General Skippon, to raise
and list a Regiment of Horse, was read the Second
Time; and ordered to be committed to these Lords
following, and to offer such Alterations to this House
To-morrow Morning as they think fit:
Any Three; to meet To-morrow Morning, at
Nine a Clock.
Commission for Martial Law in Chester:
A Paper was reported, from the Committee at
Derby House, which was read, as followeth:
"Ordered, That it be reported to the Houses,
That a Commission for Martial Law may be granted
to the Governor of Chester, or such others as the
House shall think fit, for the Trial of those who were
in the late Design against Chester."
The Question being put, "Whether to have such
a Commission to be granted as is here expressed in this Report?"
It was Resolved in the Affirmative.
Protest against it.
Memorandum, That, before the putting of this Question, the Earl of Lyncolne desired Leave to enter his
Dissent, if the Question were carried in the Affirmative:
Which was granted.
Message to the H. C. about it; and for the Committee at Derby House to give Instructions to the L. Admiral.
A Message was sent to the House of Commons, by
Doctor Bennett and Doctor Aylett:
1. To communicate to them the Order for giving
Power to the Committee at Derby House, to give Instructions to the Lord Admiral, from Time to Time,
concerning Maritime Affairs; and desire their Concurrence therein.
2. To communicate to them the Report from the
Committee at Derby House, for a Commission to be given
for the Trial of those who were in the late Design
against Chester, and desire their Concurrence therein.
Petition from Citizens, &c. of London.
A Petition was this Day presented to this House, by
Mr. Alderman Fowlkes and divers others, Citizens and
Ministers, in the Name of divers well-affected Magistrates and Ministers, Citizens, and other Inhabitants,
in the City of London and Parts adjacent; which was
said to be subscribed by divers Thousands.
The said Petition was received, and commanded
publicly to be read. (Here enter it.)
The Persons that brought the Petition withdrew; and
the House was adjourned into a Committee during Pleasure, to consider of it.
The House being resumed;
Thanks to the Petitioners.
And the Question being put, "Whether these
Persons that brought this Petition shall have
Thanks given them, for their good Expressions
in this Petition?"
It was Resolved in the Affirmative.
Protest against it.
Memorandum, That, before the putting of the abovesaid Question, these Lords following desired Leave to
enter their Dissents, if the Question were carried in the
Affirmative: Which being granted, they do accordingly
enter their Dissents, by subscribing their Names:
Answer to this Petition.
Ordered, That the Speaker is appointed to draw
up what is fit to be returned by Way of Answer to the
abovesaid Petition, and report the same to the House.
Which Answer being read, the House approved of
it; and ordered the Speaker to deliver the same, in the
Name of the House.
And (fn. *) the Persons that brought the said Petition being
called in again, the Speaker read the same to them, as
"The Lords have full Confidence of the faithful Services and Constancy of you who now have delivered this
Petition. And they have commanded me to give you
Thanks, for your Fidelity to the Parliament; and to
desire that, in their Names, Thanks may be returned to all the rest of the Petitioners, for the Expression of their good Affections and Zeal for the
Honour and Safety of the Parliament. They have
further commanded me to assure you, that their Endeavours shall be so to act, as that they may declare
to the whole Kingdom their constant adhering to their
Protestation, Vows, and Covenants, in the Maintenance of the Cause they are engaged in, and in the
procuring and settling a safe and well-grounded
Ordered, That this Petition and Answer be
printed and published.
Message from the H. C. with Letters between the D. of Hamilton and Gen. Lambert; and with Votes about reducing the revolted Ships.
A Message was brought from the House of Commons,
by Sir Rob't Harley Knight; who said, "The House
of Commons having received a Letter from Major
General Lambert, wherein is inclosed a Letter sent
to him from Duke Hamilton, with his Answer returned to the Duke's Letter: (Here enter them.)
"Which the House of Commons do approve of;
and have thought fit to refer it to the Committee at
Derby House; and to have Power to consider of a
Letter to be sent in Answer to the Duke's Letter, and
to report the same To-morrow Morning to the Houses;
wherein they desire their Lordships Concurrence."
Ordered, That this House approves of Major
General Lambert's Answer; and agrees to the rest of
2. Votes concerning the reducing of the revolted
Ships, wherein their Lordships Concurrence is desired.
(Here enter (fn. †) them.)
The Answer returned was:
That this House approves of the Answer of Major
General Lambert; and agrees to have it referred to the
Committee at Derby House, to prepare an Answer to be
returned to Duke Hamilton's Letter; and to report the
same To-morrow Morning to the Houses.
Message from the H. C. with Orders; and about General Skippon's to raise Horse.
A Message was brought from the House of Commons,
by Mr. John Corbett; who brought up these Particulars,
wherein they desire their Lordships Concurrence:
1. An Order for Major General Skippon to inlist Volunteers. (Here enter it.)
2. An Order of Indemnity for Major General Skippon,
and such Volunteers as serve under his Command.
(Here enter it.)
3. An Order for the Militia of London to be assisting
to Major General Skippon, in raising Volunteers.
(Here enter it.)
4. To put their Lordships in Mind of an Order for
Major General Skippon to raise and list a Regiment of
The Answer returned was:
That this House will take the Order for Major General Skippon to raise a Regiment of Horse into speedy
Consideration, and will send an Answer by Messengers
of their own: To all the rest of this Message, their
Lordships do agree.
Letter from the D. of Hamilton to General Lambert, concerning the Motives for assembling his Army.
"For Colonell Generall Lambert.
"The Parliament of the Kingdome of Scotland, upon
Consideration of the greate Dangers imminent to Religion, His Majesty's Sacred Person, and the Peace of
His Kingdomes, from the prevaileinge Power of Sectaryes and their Adherents in England, did lately send
to the Honorable Houses of the Parliament such Demaunds as they conceived just and necessary; whereunto not receiveing any sattisfactory Answere, and
finding their Dangers still increaseing, and greate
Forces drawne together upon their Border, the Committee of the Estates of Parliament have thought fitt
to lay their Commaunds upon me (with such other
Noble Persons as they have joyned with me in this
Service), for prosecuteing their just Desires, in Pursuance of the Ends of the Covenant, according to the
joynt Declaration of both Kingdomes, the 6th of January, 164¾, for setling Religion, liberateing His
Majesty from His base Imprisonment, freeing the
Honorable Houses from such Constraint of Forces as
hath bin longe upon them, disbandinge of all Armyes,
whereby the Subjects may be freed from the intollerable Taxes and Quarters they have soe long groaned
under, and for procureing the Setlment of a solidd
Peace and firme Union betwixt the Kingdomes under
His Majesty's Government. These being the true Intentions and Desires of the Kingdome of Scotland,
who will most faithfully observe on their Parts their
Engagements by Covenant and Treatyes to their Brethren of England, I expect you will not oppose their
pious, loyall, and necessary Undertakeings, but rather
joyne with them in the Prosecution of these Ends. I
shall desire that the Bearer, my Trumpeter, may
not be long kept; but retourned with your present
and possitive Answere, that accordingly I may move as
I am commaunded. Sir, I am
Annan, the 6th of July, 1648.
"Your humble Servaunt,
General Lambert's Answer.
"I have received a Letter from your Excellency, by
your Trumpeter, which mentions the Parliament of
Scotland having (upon Consideration of the Danger
to Religion, His Majesty's Person and Kingdoms, by
Sectaries in England) addressed themselves to the Parliament of England for Redress, (fn. *) have not received a
satisfactory Answer therein: To which (my Lord) I
shall not take upon me to give an Answer; seeing
their late Ordinances concerning the Settlement of
Religion, their sundry Addresses and Propositions
tendered to His Majesty in order to the Peace and
Well-being of His Kingdoms, are published and laid
open to the View of the whole World, and which I
doubt not but are well known to your Excellency.
To what your Lordship mentions concerning the Increase of Danger by the drawing of some Forces upon
the Borders of Scotland, I can more fully answer,
having the Charge and Conduct thereof by Commission from his Excellency the Lord Fairefax, and have
his positive Command to be most tender in acting any
Thing which might give any seeming Occasion of
Offence to our Brethren of Scotland; which Commands, I can confidently say, I have hitherto most
cautiously and punctually observed; and further, that
I do believe it never entered into the Parliament's or
his Excellency's Thoughts, to act any Thing prejudicial or harmful to the Kingdom of Scotland. And what
the true Reasons are which did occasion the drawing
of these Forces so near the Borders, I shall not need
to mention; all Men knowing it to be, for the Suppression of Sir Marmaduke Langdale and his Adherents, who are many of them Papists and grand Delinquents, and are lately risen in Rebellion against
the Parliament, and have ever been, and still are, notorious Opposers of the Ends of the Covenant, according to the joint Declaration of both Kingdoms,
6th of January, 164¾, for settling of Religion, and
His Majesty in His due Rights and Prerogative,
and for the procuring a firm Peace and Union betwixt both Nations.
"For what your Lordship mentions, for the freeing
of the Honourable Houses from Restraint of Forces
lying upon them, I cannot but wonder at their Artifice,
who have so cunningly suggested these Things to the
Parliament of Scotland, as to possess them with the
Belief thereof; seeing it is apparent to all Men, that
the Parliament sits and votes free, and no visible
Force in this Kingdom acts any Thing but by their
immediate Command, except these and some few of
their Adherents formerly mentioned: And for your
Lordship's further Satisfaction in this, I know no
surer Way to understand the Truth, than by Answer
from the Parliament, which I doubt not but you will
readily receive. I should trouble your Lordship too
much, if I should but briefly run over their Labours
for the disbanding of all Forces, except such as they
did judge necessary for the Kingdom and their own
Defences; as also their Zeal for freeing the Subject
from unnecessary Taxes and Quarters, which, I persuade myself, your Lordship cannot but in some Measure have heard of before this Time; and therefore I
shall, in Satisfaction to your Lordship's Expectation
(that I shall not oppose the Committee of Estates in
their pious, loyal, and necessary Undertakings), answer, that I conceive their Resolutions may be wholly
grounded upon Mistakes, desiring you also to consider, whether (fn. *) not contrary to the Covenant; and must
(in Prosecution of the Trust reposed in me) to the
uttermost of my Power oppose all Forces whatsoever,
either raised or brought into this Kingdom, except
those by Authority and Command of the Parliament
of England; in which I hope your Lordship will not
oppose, but rather assist me, if the Parliament of
"England shall desire it. I have, according to your
Excellency's Desire, returned your Trumpet as
speedily as I could dispatch him; and doubt not but,
upon your Lordship's Address to the Parliament of
England, you may receive more ample Satisfaction
herein. And, in the mean Time, this is tendered to
your Lordship, as an Answer from,
Castle Souerby, 8 Julii, 1648.
"Most humble Servant,
"To His Excellency James Duke of Hamilton
and Chaslellerhault, &c. General of all the
Scottish Forces by Sea and Land."
Letter from L. Howard of Charl. that he was going to the Prince when he was apprehended.
"Dover Castle, the 10th of July, 1648.
"I was Yesterday, being the 10th of this Month,
cast in by a Tempest at Broadestreete, in the Isle of
Tennett, and there apprehended by the Country,
and carried to Margett; from whence, as I hear,
they acquainted the Deputy Lieutenants of Kent
with my Seizure; and whilst we expected their Orders, what should be done with me, Major Carter,
from Sandw'ch, sent a Troop of Horse for me, who
brought me to Colonel Riche's Quarter at Wamar, and
he immediately sent me to Dover Castle. At first, so
many various Conjectures were made of my being in
those Parts, that, finding myself both discovered and
apprehended too, I thought it every Way best, neither
to deny my Person nor Intention, which was, at any
Rate or Hazard to have gone to my Master the
Prince, since your Lordships were pleased to remand
my Pass, to pay those domestic Duties unto him that
by my Oath I am bound to do, Therefore, being I
ought neither to be examined nor heard before any
but the Lords in Parliament, thither I appeal; protesting against any other Judicature.
"Most humble Servant,
"Howard of Charlton.
"To the Right Honourable the Lord Viscount
Rochford, or whomsoever is Speaker of the
Lords House of Parliament pro Tempore;
to be communicated to the House."
Letter from him, desiring to come to London.
"Dover Castle, the 12th July, 1648.
"Since the Writing of my First Letter, I do engage
my Honour to the House, to come wherever the Governor here shall assign me at London, to answer before the House for this Detention, or whatever else
can be objected against me. Therefore I humbly desire my Remove from hence may be hastened; since,
my Things being all taken away, I can be in no Condition of subsisting here.
"This, I conceive, is denied no Peer;
and all the Favour I beg is, to be
removed, to be heard at London.
"For your Lordships. These.
Votes for reducing the revolted Ships.
"Resolved, upon the Question, by the Lords and
Commons assembled in Parliament,
"That a Declaration be passed, thereby setting forth
the Detestableness of this Act of the Revolters, containing likewise a Grant of Two Months Pay extraordinary to such Seamen as shall engage in the present
Service, and effectually endeavour the reducing of
the revolted Ships, the same to be paid as soon as
they shall be reduced and brought into Port; as also
an Offer of Indemnity to such Persons aboard the said
Ships as shall, within the Time which the Parliament
shall in their Wisdom think fit to limit, render themselves and their Ships to the Parliament's Obedience;
and that all Persons aboard the said respective Ships,
who shall not submit within the Time so to be limited, and all other the Subjects of this Kingdom who
shall hereafter join with them, or assist them, shall be
declared Traitors to the Kingdom, and their Estates
"2. That there be an Embargo of all Ships within
the River of Thames, till the Lord Admiral shall be at
Sea with the Fleet.
"That Thirty Masters, and Masters Mates, of approved Ability and Faithfulness (to be chosen by the
Lord Admiral) be added to the Fleet, and borne upon
such Ships as the Lord Admiral shall think fit to assign them to.
"That Order be given for the Employment of some
Fisher-boats, or other small Vessels, at Plymouth and
Silly, and thereabouts, to ply forth to Sea, to give
Notice of this Revolt to all Merchants Ships passing
that Way Homewards-bound; together with Caution
to repair into some of the Western Ports, for their
Security, until the Lord Admiral shall be at Sea with
"That the Harbour of Portsmouth, being of so great
Concernment to the Navy, be especially taken Care
of; and that it be referred to the Committee at
Derby House, to take Care hereof.
"That the Commissioners of the Navy have Order to
treat for the taking up of Six Merchants Ships of
Force, such as are ready for Service; that thereupon
the Owners may be contracted with for their Assistance
to the said Reduction if there shall be cause."
General Skippon to inlist Voluntiers;
"The Lords and Commons do declare it an acceptable Service in any Persons that will inlist themselves,
Horse or Foot, under the Command of Major General Skippon, for Defence and Safety of the Parliament,
City, and Kingdom; and that the said Major General Skippon is hereby authorized to inlist all such Persons, and to command them, and draw them out of
the late Lines, into any Part as he shall see Occasion,
and to conduct and lead them, and to fight, kill, and
slay, all such as shall oppose, rise, or make any Insurrections against the Parliament, or to the Disturbance of the Peace of the Kingdom."
and to be indemnified for it.
"The Lords and Commons in Parliament assembled
do approve of what Major General Skippon, or any
other well-affected Person or Persons have done, or
shall do, in the voluntary raising and inlisting of Men,
for the Defence and Safety of the Parliament, City,
and Kingdom, in Pursuance of the Order of the House
of Commons to that Purpose; and that he and they
shall be indemnified and saved harmless therefor."
London Militia Committee to assist him.
"Ordered, by the Lords and Commons assembled
in Parliament, That the Committee of the Militia of
the City of London be desired to give Assistance to
Major General Skippon, in the inlisting of Volunteers,
Horse and Foot, for the Defence and Safety of the
Parliament, City, and Kingdom; and to encourage
such as shall come in voluntarily to inlist themselves
to the End aforesaid."
Petition of Citizens and others of London, against entering into a Treaty, till proper Assurances are given for Maintenance of the Covent, &c.
"To the Right Honourable the Lords and Commons in Parliament assembled.
"The humble Petition of divers well-affected Magistrates, Ministers, Citizens, and other Inhabitants, in the City of London and Parts adjacent;
"That we cannot but take Notice of the many Obstuctions you have met withal, whilst with indefatigable
Care and Diligence you have been earnestly labouring and endeavouring the Deliverance of the People
of this Kingdom from those many and great Invasions
made, and much more intended, upon our Religious
and Civil Liberties, had not you (assisted by the Almighty God) interposed; for which we cannot but
render all humble and hearty Thanks: And now finding the same evil Spirit reviving, and working much
more strongly and effectually, though much more
closely and cunningly, under specious Pretences; attempting that by Subtilty which they, through the
Goodness of our God, could not obtain by Power;
using such Things as an Occasion and Means to divide,
which at first were ordained for the uniting of all the
godly and honest People of the Three Kingdoms upon
safe and just Principles; (videlicet,) the Protestation
of May 1641, the Vow in June 1643, and the solemn League and Covenant in February 1643, and
other your several Votes and Declarations to the same
Effect: Although your Petitioners do most heartily
desire a right Understanding and happy Reconcilement
between the King and Parliament, yet it is far from
the Thought of the Petitioners (and they hope of
many others that have lately out of good Affection
petitioned for a Personal Treaty), to make Use of the
Tumults, Commotions, Revolts of Castles and Ships
(thereby engaging the Kingdom in a new War), or
of any other Difficulties the Parliament hath been or
may be exposed unto, to precipitate their Councils, or
to destroy their Forces, that now are, or hereafter
shall be, raised; being (as the Petitioners humbly conceive) contrary to their said Protestation, Vow, and
Covenant, as it is also to necessitate the Parliament to a
Treaty, until such Satisfaction and Security be first
given as may attain the Ends of our former Engagements.
"Your Petitioners therefore humbly pray, That
you will adhere to the said Protestation, Vow,
and Covenant, and to the constant Tenor of
all your former Declarations, and not recede
from those first and just Principles, (videlicet,)
the Safety of yourselves and all that have
and shall adhere to you, and the Reformation
and Preservation of Religion, and the Maintenance and Defence of our Laws and Liberties,
which you have openly held forth to all the
World, and by which you have engaged all
the honest and well-affected People of the
Three Kingdoms to serve you with their
Lives and Estates, left you betray yourselves
and them to the merciless Cruelties of those
that seek your and their Destruction, and
draw the Blood of many innocent Persons upon you and yours.
"For Prevention whereof, your Petitioners further humbly desire you will faithfully persevere in the due Prosecution of your said
just Undertakings and Engagements; and
that such a Course by your Wisdoms may
be taken, for Security and Satisfaction to be
given as aforesaid, that neither His Majesty
nor any other may have Occasion (fn. *) or Opportunity of renewing the old or raising a
new War: And in so doing, that God who
hath hitherto owned you and your Cause
will assuredly do so still; and we your Petitioners, with many Thousands more (as
formerly), so are still ready, in Pursuance
of the said Protestation, Vow, and Covenant, with their Lives and Estates, to adventure all with you and your Forces in
this Common Cause, against all Opposition.
"And we shall ever pray, &c."
Ball to be instituted to Pawlet.
Ordered, That Doctor Bennett give Institution and
Induction unto Henry Ball Clerk, to the Vicarage of
Pawlett, in the County of Som'sett, void by the Death
of the last Incumbent; salvo Jure cujuscunque: Granted
by the Great Seal.