DIE Mercurii, 2 die Augusti.
PRAYERS, by Mr. Cawdrey.
Domini præsentes fuerunt:
Ds. Hunsdon, Speaker.
L. Viscount Say & Seale.
Message from the H. C. with an Ordinance and Orders.
A Message was brought from the House of Commons, by Sir Gilbert Gerrard Baronet; who brought up
divers Particulars, wherein their Lordships Concurrence
1. An Ordinance for settling the Militia of the
County of Midd. (Here enter it.)
2. An Order for Ten Pounds to Cornet Richard
Macklawin. (Here enter it.)
3. An Order for additional Names to the Committees
for Sequestrations for the County of Kent.
(Here enter it.)
4. An Order for Colonel James Hopton to have his
Arrears, out of the Sequestration of the Estate of Sir
John Hewett; (videlicet,) Five Hundred Fifty Eight
Pounds, Thirteen Shillings. (Here enter it.)
The Answer returned was:
That (fn. *) this House agrees to all the Particulars now
Order to raise Forces in Ely.
The Order for raising a Troop of Horse in the
Isle of Ely, was read the Third Time, and Agreed to.
(Here enter it.)
Letter from L. Adm.
The Earl of Salisbury reported from the Committee
at Derby House divers Particulars:
1. A Letter from the Lord Admiral.
(Here enter it.)
Ordered, To be communicated to the House of
D° from Sir J. Hobart.
2. A Letter from Sir Jo. Hubbert was read, concerning the Isle of Ely.
Captain Carter to have a Troop.
3. A Report that an Order may be granted, for a
Commission to be given to Captain William Carter, to
command a Troop of Horse in Cheshire.
Letter from the Gov. of Oxon, about the Disposal of the Persons concerned in the Design to betray that City.
4. An Extract of a Letter from the Governor of
Oxford, was read, as followeth:
"I have sent to his Excellency, concerning the betraying of this Garrison, to know what to do with
the Persons I have in Custody, that are deep in
the Business; but they being Townsmen, I suppose
he is loth to determine. I should therefore humbly
desire your Lordships to consider and determine of
some Way for their Trial; for the Delay of it doth
much encourage the Enemy. Those that I have in
Hold, are Men that do confess they are under the
Oath of Secrecy the most of them, and the rest
privy to the Design. I have sent my Major to wait
upon your Lordships, to know your Pleasure in
these Particulars; desiring your Lordships Directions
in it. In the mean Time, I remain
Oxon, this 31th July, 1648.
"Your most humble Servant,
Ordinance to exempt Peers from being assessed for Horses, &c.
Ordered, That these Lords following do prepare
an Ordinance, and bring the same into this House with
all convenient Speed, for exempting the Peers and the
Assistants and Attendants of this House from having
imposed upon them Horse and Arms, unless it be particularly expressed in any Ordinance.
Order for Gen. Skippon to raise a Regiment.
Next, the Order for the Committee at Derby House
to grant Commission to Major General Skippon, to command, raise, and enlist, a Regiment of Horse, was read
the Third Time.
And the Question being put, "Whether to agree
to this Order?"
It was Resolved in the Negative.
Message from the H. C. to release Col. Lylburn.
A Message was brought from the House of Commons, by the Lord Carr:
To let their Lordships know, that they have taken
off the Restraint of Lieutenant Colonel Lylburne; and
they desire their Lordships would please to take off the
Restraint he lies under by this House.
The Question being put, "Whether Lieutenant
Colonel John Lylburne shall be released from the
Restraint he lies under by Order of this House?"
It was Resolved in the Affirmative.
The Answer returned was:
That this House hath taken off the Restraint of
Lieutenant Colonel John Lylburne.
Sir P. Killigrew to go to the King.
Ordered, That Sir Peter Killegrew may go with
the Earl of Midd. to the Isle of Wight, when his Lordship goes.
Howard, a Pass.
Ordered, That Mr. Thomas Howard shall have a
Pass, to come out of Holland.
Message to the H. C. with Letters.
A Message was sent to the House of Commons, by
Dr. Bennett and Mr. Eltonheade:
To deliver to them the Letter of the Lord Admiral, and the Letter of Sir John Hubbert, and the Extract of Lieutenant Colonel Kelseye's Letter.
Order to raise 5000 l. for a Regiment rejected.
The Order for raising of Five Thousand Pounds,
for the Service of raising a Regiment of Horse, for
the Safety of the Parliament and City, was read the
And the Question being put, "Whether it should
pass or not?"
It was Resolved in the Negative.
Message from the H. C. to take off Col. Lylburne's Fine;—for a Conference about Major Rolfe;—and with Orders and Ordinances.
A Message was brought from the House of Commons, by Mr. Leechmore, ɬ who brought up these
Particulars, wherein they desire their Lordships Concurrence:
1. To desire their Lordships would please to take off
the Fine of Lieutenant Colonel John Lylburne.
2. That their Lordships would please to give a Conference concerning Major Rolph, when their Lordships
3. An Order that the Judges do adjourn the Assizes
in Norff. (Here enter it.)
4. An Order concerning Mr. Sykes.
5. An Order for Payment of Twenty Pounds apiece to Margarett Roberts and Jane Smyth.
(Here enter it.)
6. An Order for discharging of Mr. Sykes out of
Execution. (Here enter it.)
7. An Order for Five Hundred Pounds, for victualing
8. An Ordinance for Seven Hundred Thirty Pounds,
Four Shillings, to be paid to Colonel Wm. Herbert.
9. An Order for Commissioners to be added to the
Committee for Sequestrations for Surry.
10. An Order for adding Wm. Dingly, &c. to the
Committee of Sequestrations for the County and City
11. An Order for Five Hundred Pounds for Mr.
12. An Order for One Thousand One Hundred
Thirteen Pounds, and Six Pence, to be paid to Captain Parsons, out of Malignants or Rebels Estates in
Ireland, and the Interest of Two Thousand One Hundred Eighty-five Pounds, as by former Orders is expressed.
13. An Order for One Thousand Ninety-two Pounds,
Twelve Shillings, to be paid to Captain Parsons, by
the Treasurers of Sequestrations at Guildhall.
14. An Order for One Thousand Ninety-two Pounds
to be paid to Captain Parsons, out of such Discoveries
as he shall make of Delinquents Estates not seized by
15. An Order for Payment of Five Hundred Pounds
to Mr. Darnall. (Here enter it.)
Read, and Agreed to.
16. An Order for granting (fn. *) a Commission to the
Mayor of South'ton, for raising Forces, for Defence of
17. An Order for giving Mr. Carter a Commission.
18. An Order for those that have invited the Scotts
to come into England be Traitors.
The Answer returned was:
That this House hath taken off the Fine of Lieutenant Colonel John Lylburne, and agrees to the Orders
concerning Mr. Sykes, and the Order concerning Margarett Roberts, &c. and to the Order for putting off
the Circuit of Norff.; that their Lordships will give a
Conference To-morrow Morning, concerning Major
Rolph: To all the rest of the Particulars, their Lordships will send an Answer by Messengers of their own.
Answer from the H. C.
Dr. Bennett and Mr. Eltonheade return with this Answer from the House of Commons:
That they agree to the Pass for Monsieur Montreul,
and to the Petition of Colonel Devereux: To all the
rest, they will send an Answer by Messengers of
Message from thence, with the Votes about the Treaty with the King, and for Committees to go to Him.
A Message was brought from the House of Commons, by Mr. Wheeler; who brought up the Votes
sent down concerning the Treaty with the King in the
Isle of Wight; to which they agree, with some Alterations, wherein they desire their Lordships Concurrence.
(Here enter them.)
2. To let their Lordships know, that they have appointed a proportionable Number of their House, to
join with One Lord, to go to the King, in the Isle of
The Answer returned was:
That this House agrees to the Votes now brought
up, with the Alterations.
Vote to declare those Traitors who invited the Scots.
Next the Vote for those that invited the Scotts to
come into England be Traitors, was read.
The Question being put, "Whether to agree to
the Vote now read?"
It was Resolved in the Negative.
Protest against rejecting it.
Memorandum, That, before the putting of the aforesaid Question, these Lords following desired Leave to
enter their Protestation, if it were carried in the Negative; which being granted, they do accordingly enter
their Dissents, by subscribing their Names:
L. Viscount Say & Seale.
Pacy and Snellock.
Upon reading the Petition of Steven Pacy:
It is Ordered, That Mordant Snellocke shall stand
committed to the Prison of The Fleete, there to remain till he hath given Obedience to the Orders of this
House, made in the Cause between him and the said
Letter from Major Huntington:
A Letter from Major Rob't Huntington, directed
To the Earl of Manchester, Speaker of the House
of Peers, or to the Speaker pro Tempore," was read,
with a Paper inclosed, intituled,
"Sundry Reasons inducing Major Robert Huntington
to lay down his Commission; humbly presented to
the Honourable Houses of Parliament."
(Here enter them.)
Upon this, the said Rob't Huntington was called to the
Bar. And the House commanded, that the Letter and
Narrative should be shewed him; and asked, "Whether
the Subscriptions to the same were his Hand-writing,
and whether he would avow the Matters contained
And his Answer was, "That it was his Hand, and
would avow it."
Ordered, That this Business shall be taken into
Consideration To-morrow Morning; and then the said
Rob't Huntington shall attend this House.
"For the Right Honourable the Earl of Manchester, Speaker of the House of Peers, or
to the Speaker pro Tempore.
"I have herewith humbly presented this Narrative,
which I desire may be made known to the Right Honourable House of Peers, being very fit for their
Knowledge, as it relates to the Kingdom's Safety;
and for my own Discharge, having voluntarily laid
down my Commission, to be in a Capacity to acquaint the Houses of Parliament with such dangerous Practices as will ruin (if not timely prevented)
the Honour, Safety, and Authority of the Parliament; to which, and your Lordship as a principal
Member thereof, I humbly rest,
August 2d, 1648.
"A faithful and devoted Servant,
Narrative of the Proceedings of the Army, which induced him to resign his Commission:
"Sundry Reasons inducing Major Robert Huntingdon to lay down his Commission, humbly
presented to the Honourable Houses of Parliament.
"Having taken up Arms in Defence of the Authority and Power of King and Parliament, under
the Command of the Lord Grey of Warke and the
Earl of Manchester, during their several Employments with the Forces of the Eastern Association;
and, at the modeling of this Army under the present Lord General, having been appointed by the
Honourable Houses of Parliament Major to the now
Regiment of Lieutenant General Cromwell; in each
of which Employments having served constantly and
faithfully, answerable to the Trust reposed in me,
and having lately quit the said Employment, and
laid down my Commission, I hold myself tied, both
in Duty and Conscience, to render the true Reason
thereof, which in the general is briefly this: Because the Principles, Designs, and Actions, of those
Officers which have a great Influence upon the
Army are (as I conceive) very repugnant and destructive to the Honour and Safety of the Parliament and Kingdom, from whom they derive their
Authority; the Particulars whereof (being a Breviate
of my sad Observations) will appear in the following Narrative:
"First, That, upon the Orders of Parliament for
disbanding this Army, Lieutenant General Cromwell
and Commissary General Ireton were sent Commissioners to Walden, to reduce the Army to their Obedience, but more especially in order to the present
Supply of Forces for the Service of Ireland: But
they, contrary to the Trust reposed in them, very
much hindered that Service, not only by discountenancing those that were obedient and willing, but also
by giving Encouragement to the unwilling and disobedient, declaring, "That there had lately been
much Cruelty and Injustice in the Parliament's Proceedings against them," meaning the Army. And
Commissary General Ireton, in further Pursuance
thereof, framed those Papers and Writings then sent
from the Army to the Parliament and Kingdom;
saying also to the Agitators, "That it was then
lawful and fit for us to deny Disbanding, till we
had received equal and full Satisfaction for our past
Service;" Lieutenant General Cromwell further adding,
"That we were in a double Capacity, as Soldiers
and as Commoners; and having our Pay as Soldiers,
we have something else to stand upon as Commoners:" And when, upon the Rendezvous at Tripple
Heath, the Commissioners of Parliament, according
to their Orders, acquainted every Regiment with
what the Parliament had already done, and would
further do, in order to the Desires of the Army,
the Soldiery being before prepared, and notwithstanding any Thing could be said or offered to them
by the Commissioners, they still cried out for "Justice! Justice!"
"And for the effecting of their further Purposes,
Advice was given by Lieutenant General Cromwell
and Commissary General Ireton, to remove the King's
Person from Holdenby, or to secure Him there by
other Guards than those appointed by the Commissioners of Parliament, which was thought most fit to
be carried on by the Private Soldiery of the Army,
and promoted by the Agitators of each Regiment;
whose First Business was, to secure the Garrison of
Oxford, with the Guns and Ammunition there; from
thence, to march to Holdenby, in Prosecution of the
former Advice; which was accordingly acted by Cornet Joyce, who, when he had done the Business, sent
a Letter to the General, then at Keinton, acquainting
his Excellency that the King was on His March
towards Newmarkett. The General, being troubled
thereat, told Commissary General Ireton, "That he
did not like it;" demanding withal, "who gave those
Orders?" He replied, "That he gave Orders only
for securing the King there, and not for taking Him
away from thence." Lieutenant General Cromwell,
coming then from London, said, "That if this had
not been done, the King would have been fetched
away by Order of Parliament; or else Colonel
Graves, by the Advice of the Commissioners, would
have carried him to London, throwing themselves upon the Favour of Parliament for that Service." The
same Day, Cornet Joyce being told that the General
was displeased with him for bringing the King from
Holdenby, he answered, "That Lieutenant General
Cromwell gave him Orders at London, to do what he
had done, both there and at Oxford."
"The Person of the King being now in the Power
of the Army, the Business of Lieutenant General
Cromwell was, to court His Majesty (both by Members of the Army and several Gentlemen formerly
in the King's Service) into a good Opinion and Belief
of the Proceedings of the Army, as also into a Disaffection and Dislike of the Proceedings of Parliament; pretending to shew, that His Majesty's Interest would far better suit with the Principles of
Independency than of Presbytery. And, when the
King did alledge (as many Times He did), "That
the Power of Parliament was the Power by which
we fought;" Lieutenant General Cromwell would reply, "That we were not only Soldiers, but Commoners; promising that the Army would be for the
King in the Settlement of His whole Business, if the
King and His Party would sit still, and not declare or
act against the Army, but give them Leave only to
manage the present Business in Hand."
"That, when the King was at Newmarkett, the Parliament thought fit to send to His Majesty, humbly
desiring that, in order to His Safety, and their Addresses for a speedy Settlement, He would be pleased
to come to Richmond. Contrary hereunto, Resolution
was taken by the aforesaid Officers of the Army, That
if the King could not be diverted by Persuasion (to
which His Majesty was very opposite), that then they
would stop him by Force at Royston, where His Majesty was to lodge the First Night; keeping accordingly continual Guards upon Him, against any Power
that should be sent by Order of Parliament to take
Him from us; and to this Purpose Out Guards were
also kept, to prevent His Escape from us with the
Commissioners, of whom we had special Orders given
to be careful, for that they did daily shew a Dislike
to the present Proceedings of the Army against the
Parliament; and that the King was most conversant
and private in Discourse with them; His Majesty saying, "That if any Man should hinder His going,
now His Houses had desired Him, upon His late
Message of the 12th May, 1647, it should be done
by Force, and by laying hold on His Bridle; which
if any were so bold to do, He would endeavour to
make it His last." But, contrary to His Majesty's
Expectation, the next Morning, when the King and
the Officers of the Army were putting this to an Issue,
came the Votes of both Houses to the King, of their
Compliance with that which the Army formerly desired. After which, His Majesty did incline to hearken
to the Desires of the Army, and not before. Whereupon, at Caversham, the King was continually solicited by Messengers from Lieutenant General Cromwell and Commissary General Ireton, proffering any
Thing His Majesty would desire, as Revenues, Chaplains, Wife, Children, Servants of His own, Visitation
of Friends, Access of Letters, and (by Commissary
General Ireton) "that His negative Voice should not
be meddled withal; and that he had convinced those
that reasoned against it, at a General Council of the
Army: And all this they would do, that His Majesty
might the better see into all our Actions, and know
our Principles, which lead us to give Him all these
Things out of Conscience; for that we were not a
People hating His Majesty's Person, or Monarchical
Government; but that we liked it as the best, and
that by this King;" saying also, "That they did hold
it a very unreasonable Thing, for the Parliament
to abridge Him of them;" often promising, "That
if His Majesty would sit still, and not act against
them, they would in the First Place restore Him to
all these; and, upon the Settlement of our own
just Rights and Liberties, make Him the most Glorious Prince in Christendom. That, to this Purpose
for a Settlement, they were making several Proposals, to be offered to the Commissioners of Parliament then sent down to the Army, which should
be as Bounds for our Party, as to the King's
Business; and that His Majesty should have Liberty
to get as much of those abated as He could; for
that many Things therein were proposed only to
give Satisfaction to others who were our Friends;"
promising the King, "That, at the same Time the
Commissioners of Parliament should see (fn. *) these Proposals, His Majesty should have a Copy of them
also;" pretending to carry a very equal Hand between
King and Parliament, in order to the Settlement of
the Kingdom by Him, which, besides their own Judgement and Conscience, they did see a Necessity of it as to
the People; Commissary General Ireton further saying,
"That what was offered in these Proposals should be
so just and reasonable, that if there were but Six
Men in the Kingdom that would fight to make them
good, he would make the Seventh, against any Power
that should oppose them."
"The Head Quarters being removed from Reding
to Bedford, His Majesty to Wobourne, the Proposals
were given to me by Commissary General Ireton, to
present to the King; which His Majesty having read,
told me, "That He would never treat with Army or
Parliament upon those Proposals, as He was then
minded." But the next Day His Majesty, understanding that a Force was put on His Houses of Parliament by a Tumult, sent for me again, and said unto me, "Go along with Sir John Berkley to your General and Lieutenant General, and tell them, that,
to avoid a new War, I will now treat with them upon
their Proposals, or any Thing else, in order to a
Peace: Only let Me be saved in Honour and Conscience." Sir John Berkley falling sick by the Way, I
delivered this Message to the Lieutenant General and to
Commissary General Ireton, who advised me, not to acquaint the General with it till Ten or Twelve Officers
of the Army were met together, at the General's
Quarters; and then they would bethink themselves
of some Persons to be sent to the King about it. And
accordingly Commissary General Ireton, Colonel Rainsborough, Colonel Hamond, and Colonel Rich, attended
the King at Woburne for Three Hours together, debating the whole Business with the King upon the
Proposals. Upon which Debate, many of the most
material Things the King disliked were afterwards
struck out, and many other Things much abated by
Promises; whereupon His Majesty was pretty well
"Within a Day or Two after this, His Majesty removed to Stoke; and there calling for me, told me,
"He seared an Engagement between the City and
the Army;" saying, "He had not Time to write any
Thing under His Hand, but would send it to the
General after me;" commanding me to tell Commissary
General Ireton, with whom he had formerly treated
upon the Proposals, "That He would wholly throw
Himself upon us, and trust us for a Settlement of
the Kingdom, as we had promised;" saying, "If
we proved honest Men, we should without Question
make the Kingdom happy, and save much Shedding of
Blood." This Message from His Majesty I delivered
to Commissary General Ireton at Colebrooke; who seemed
to receive it with Joy, saying, "That we should be
the veriest Knaves that ever lived, if in every Thing
we made not good whatever we had promised; because the King, by His not declaring against us, had
given us great Advantage against our Adversaries."
"After our marching through London with the
Army, His Majesty being at Hampton Court, Lieutenant General Cromwell and Commissary General Ireton
sent the King Word several Times, "That the Reason why they made no more Haste in this Business
was, because that Party which did then sit in the
House while Pelham was Speaker did much obstruct
the Business, so that (fn. †) they could not carry it on
at present;" the Lieutenant General often saying,
"Really, they should be pulled out by the Ears:"
And to that Purpose caused a Regiment of Horse to
rendezvous at Hide Parke, to have put that in Execution (as he himself expressed), had it not been carried
by Vote in the House that Day as he desired.
"The Day before the Parliament voted once more
the sending of the Propositions of both Kingdoms to
the King by the Commissioners of each Kingdom at
Hampton Court, Commissary General Ireton bad me
tell the King, "That such a Thing was to be done
To-morrow in the House; but His Majesty need not
be troubled at it, for that they intended it for no
other End but to make good some Promises of the
Parliament, which the Nation of Scotland expected
Performance of; and that it was not expected or desired His Majesty should either sign them or treat
upon them, for which there should be no Advantage
taken against the King." Upon the Delivery of
which Message, His Majesty replied, "He knew not
what Answer to give, to please all, without a
"Next Day after this Vote passed, the Lieutenant
General asking me thereupon, "If the King did not
wonder at these Votes?" I told him, "No; for that
Commissary General Ireton had sent such a Message
by me the Day before the Vote passed, to signify the
Reason of it." The Lieutenant General replied, "That
really it was the Truth; and that we (speaking of
the Parliament) intended nothing else by it but to satisfy the Scott, which otherwise might be troublesome." And the Lieutenant General and Commissary
General enquiring after His Majesty's Answer to the
Propositions, and what it would be, it was shewed
them both, privately, in a Garden-house at Putney,
and in some Part amended to their own Minds. But,
before this, the King, doubting what Answer to give,
sent me to Lieutenant General Cromwell, as unsatisfied with the Proceedings of the Army; fearing "they
intended not to make good what they had promised;
and the rather, because His Majesty understood that
Lieutenant General Cromwell and Commissary General Ireton agreed with the rest of the House in some
late Votes that opposed the Proposals of the Army."
They severally replied, "That they would not have
His Majesty mistrust them; for that, since the House
would go so high, they only concurred with them
that their Unreasonableness might the better appear
to the Kingdom." And the Lieutenant General bad
me further assure the King, "That, if the Army remained an Army, His Majesty should trust (fn. *) the Proposals with what was promised to be the worst of
His Conditions which should be made for Him;" and
then, striking his Hand on his Breast, in his Chamber
at Putney, bad me tell the King, "He might rest confident and assured of it." And many Times the same
Message hath been sent to the King from them both;
but with this Addition from Commissary General Ireton, "That they would purge, and purge, and never
leave purging the Houses, till they had made them of
such a Temper as should do His Majesty's Business; and
rather than they would fall short of what was promised, he would join with French, Spaniard, Cavalier,
or any that would join with him, to force them to
it." Upon the Delivery of which Message, the King
made Answer, "That if they do, they would do
more than He durst do."
"After this, the Delay of the Settlement of
the Kingdom was excused, upon the Commotions
of Colonel Martin and Colonel Rainsbrough, with
their Adherents; the Lieutenant General saying,
"That speedy Course must be taken for outing of
them the House and Army, because they were now
putting the Army into a Mutiny, by having Hands in
publishing several printed Papers, calling themselves
"The Agents of Five Regiments," and "The Agreement of the People;" although some Men had Encouragement from Lieutenant General Cromwell for
the Prosecution of those Papers. And he being further pressed to shew himself in it, he desired to be excused at the present, for that he might shew himself
hereafter for their better Advantage; though, in the
Company of those Men which were of different
Judgements, he would often say, "That these People were a giddy-headed Party, and that there was no
Trust nor Truth in them;" and to that Purpose wrote
a Letter to Colonel Whaley, that Day the King went
from Hampton Court, intimating doubtfully, "That His
Majesty's Person was in Danger by them, and that he
should keep Out Guards to prevent them;" which
Letter was presently shewed to the King, by Colonel
"That, about Six Days after, when it was fully
known by the Parliament and Army that the King was
in the Isle of Wight, Commissary General Ireton standing by the Fire Side in his Quarters at Kingston, and
some speaking of an Agreement likely to be made
between the King and Parliament, now the Person of
the King was out of the Power of the Army; Commissary General Ireton replied, with a discontented
Countenance, "That he hoped it would be such a
Peace, as we might with a good Confidence fight against
"Thus they who at the first, taking the King from
Holdenby into the Power of the Army, cried down
Presbyterian Government, the Proceedings of this
present Parliament, and their Perpetuity, held forth
an earnest Inclination to a moderated Episcopacy, with
a new Election of Members to sit in Parliament, for
the speedy Settlement of the Kingdom; and afterwards, when the Eleven Members had left the House,
and they marching through London with the Army,
the Seven Lords impeached, the Four Aldermen of
London committed to The Tower, and other Citizens
committed also, then again they cried up Presbyterian
Government, the Perpetuity of this present Parliament; Lieutenant General Cromwell further pleasing
himself with the great Sums of Money which were
in Arrears from each County to the Army, and the
Tax of Sixty Thousand Pounds per Month for our
Maintenance. "Now, faith he, we may be, for
aught I know, as long as we live." And since the
sending forth the Orders of Parliament for the calling
of their Members together, Lieutenant General Cromwell perceiving the Houses will not answer his Expectation, he is now again uttering Words, persuading
the Hearers to a Prejudice against the Proceedings of
Parliament, again crying down Presbyterian Government, setting up a single Interest, which he calls "an
honest Interest, and that we have done ill in forsaking
of it." To this Purpose, it was lately thought fit to
put the Army upon choosing new Agitators, and to
draw forth of the Houses of Parliament Sixty or Seventy of the Members thereof, much agreeing with
his Words he spake formerly at his Chamber at
Kingston, saying, "What a Sway Stapleton and Holles
had heretofore in the Kingdom! and knew nothing
to the contrary, but that he was as well able to
govern the Kingdom as either of them." So that in
all his Discourse nothing more appeareth than his
seeking after the Government of King, Parliament,
City, and Kingdom; for the effecting whereof, he
thought it necessary, and delivered it as his Judgement, that a considerable Party of the chief Citizens
of London, and some of every County, be clapped up
in Castles and Garrisons, for the more quiet and submissive Carriage of every Place to which they belong; further saying, "That, from the Raising of the
late Tumult in London, there should be an Occasion
taken to hang the Recorder and Aldermen of London
then in The Tower, that the City might see, the
more they did stir in Opposition, the more they
should suffer;" adding, "that the City must first be
made an Example." And since that Lieutenant General Cromwell was sent down from the Parliament for
the reducing of the Army to their Obedience, he
hath most frequently, in Public and Private, delivered
these ensuing Heads, as his Principles, from whence
all the foregoing Particulars have ensued, being fully
confirmed (as I humbly conceive) by his Practice in
the Transaction of his last Year's Business:
"First, That every single Man is Judge of Just
and Right, as to the Good and Ill of a Kingdom.
"2. That the Interest of honest Men is the Interest of the Kingdom. And that those only
are deemed honest Men by him, that are conformable to his Judgement and Practice, may
appear in many Particulars: To instance but
One; in the Choice of Colonel Rainsborrough
to be Vice Admiral. Lieutenant General Cromwell being asked, "How he could trust a Man
whose Interest was so directly opposite to what
he had prosessed, and one whom he had
lately aimed to remove from all Places of
Trust?" He answered, "That he had now
received particular Assurance from Colonel
Rainsborrough, as great as could be given by
Man, that he would be conformable to the
Judgement and Direction of himself and Commissary General Ireton, for the managing of the
whole Business at Sea."
"3. That it is lawful to pass through any Forms
of Government, for the accomplishing his
Ends: And therefore, either to purge the
Houses, and support the remaining Party
by Force everlastingly, or to put a Period to
them by Force, is very lawful, and suitable to
the Interest of honest Men.
"4. That it is lawful to play the Knave with a
"These Gentlemen aforesaid in the Army, thus
principled, and (as by many other Circumstances
might appear) acting accordingly, give too much
Cause to believe, that the Success which may be obtained by the Army (except timely prevented by the
Wisdom of Parliament) will be made Use of to the
destroying of all that Power for which we first engaged. And having for above these Twelve Months
past (sadly and with much Reluctancy) observed these
several Passages aforesaid, yet with some Hopes that
at Length there might be a Returning to the Obedience of Parliament; and, contrary hereunto, knowing that Resolutions were taken up, that in case the
Power of Parliament cannot be gained to countenance their Designs, then to proceed without it; I
therefore choose to quit myself of my Command,
wherein I have served the Parliament for Five Years
last past, and put myself upon the greatest Hazards,
by discovering these Truths, rather than, by Hopes of
Gain, with a troubled Mind, continue an Abettor or
Assistant of such as give Affronts to the Parliament
and Kingdom, by abusing their Power and Authority,
to carry on their particular Designs; against whom,
in the Midst of Danger, I shall ever avow the Truth
of this Narrative, and myself to be a constant, faithful, and obedient Servant to the Parliament of England.
August 2d, 1648.
Ordinance to settle the Militia of Middlesex.
"Be it Ordained, by the Lords and Commons assembled in Parliament, That these Persons following;
videlicet, Sir Gilbert Gerard, Sir Edward Barkham,
Sir Richard Sprignall, Baronets, [ (fn. *) Sir John Danvers,
Sir Wm. Roberts,] Sir John Hippesly, Sir James Harrington, Sir John Thoroughgood, Knights, John Huxley,
John Morris, Richard Downton, and Daniell Proctor,
Esquires, shall be, and are hereby ordained and appointed, Commissioners for the Militia of the County
of Midd. without the late Lines of Communication,
and Places mentioned in the Weekly Bills of Mortality, for the better Securing and Safety of the Parliament and the said County; and shall have Power and
Authority, and are hereby authorized, by themselves
or any Five or more of them, to put that Part of the
said County into a Posture of Defence; and are hereby authorized to raise, out of the respective Towns,
Townships, Parishes, Liberties, and Places, within the
said County (other than in such Places as are within
the late Lines of Communication and Weekly Bills of
Mortality), such Forces of Horse and Foot as they or
any Five or more of them shall think fit; and them to
list, arm, and exercise, and to form them into Regiments, Troops, and Companies, and them to muster,
array, and weapon, from Time to Time, in Places fit
for that Purpose; and to appoint over them Colonels,
Captains, and other Officers, from Time to Time, by
Commissions under the Hands and Seals of the said
Commissioners, or any Five or more of them, as often
as there shall be Occasion in that Behalf; and are authorized, by themselves or their said Commanders, to
lead, conduct, and employ, the said Persons, arrayed
and weaponed, for the Suppression of all Rebellions
and Insurrections that may happen within the said
County, according as the said Commissioners, or any
Five of them, shall from Time to Time give Directions, or shall be otherwise directed by the Lords
and Commons in Parliament assembled, or the Committee at Derby House; any former Order, Declaration,
or other Matter to the contrary, in any Wise notwithstanding: And if any of the said Forces, either of
Horse or Foot, shall refuse or neglect (upon Summons
from their respective Officers) to appear, with their
Horse and Arms so charged upon them, at such Times
and Places as they shall be required, or to send
some able Man, with such Horse and Arms as shall
be charged upon them, that then it shall and may be
lawful for the said Commissioners, or any Five or
more of them, to impose such Fine upon such Offenders as to them shall seem meet, provided it exceed
not the Sum of Five Shillings per Diem upon him
that shall find a Foot Arms, and Ten Shillings per
Diem upon him that shall find a Horse Arms, the said
Fines to be levied by Distress (in case of Refusal), and
Sale of their Goods, or to imprison their Persons, until they conform and pay such Fines: And for the
Maintenance of the said Forces, it is hereby further
Ordained, by the said Lords and Commons assembled
in Parliament, That the said Commissioners, or any
Five or more of them, shall have Power, and are
hereby authorized and required, to lay an equal Rate
or Assessment upon the said County (other than on
such Places as are within the late Lines of Communication and Weekly Bills of Mortality) not exceeding
the Sum of Five Hundred Pounds per Mensem, and to
nominate and appoint Assessors, Collectors, and Treasurers, of the said Monies, and to grant Warrant or
Warrants, under the Hands of any Five or more of
them, to any Constable, or other Officer whatsoever,
to levy the said Sums so to be assessed and taxed, by
Way of Distress and Sale of the Goods of such as
shall refuse or neglect to pay the same, together with
reasonable Charges of Distraining: And it is further Ordained, That the said Treasurer or Treasurers,
which shall be appointed by the said Commissioners,
shall issue forth and pay such Monies as shall be paid
to him or them by virtue of this Ordinance, in such
Sort and Manner as the said Commissioners, or any
Five of them, shall, by Warrant or Warrants under
their Hands, appoint and direct: And if any of the
said Assessors or Collectors shall refuse the Service,
or any Constable, Headborough, or other Persons,
shall refuse to do or execute any Act or Service which
shall be required by the said Commissioners, or any
Five of them, in Execution of this Ordinance, or
prove negligent therein, the said Commissioners, or
any Five of them, shall have Power, and are hereby
authorized, to commit such Person to Prison, or to
impose such Fine upon him or them as to them
shall seem meet, so as such Fine for any One Offence
exceed not Ten Pounds, or Imprisonment Twenty
Days; such Fines to be disposed for the Uses aforesaid: And all Sheriffs, Justices of the Peace, Mayors,
Bailiffs, Constables, and other Officers, are required
to be aiding and assisting in the due Execution of
this Ordinance; for which, the said Commissioners,
and all and every the said Persons, shall be saved and
kept harmless and indemnified, by the Authority of
"Provided, That this Ordinance, and every Thing
therein contained, shall continue for the Space of
Six Months, and no longer."
Order for 10 l. to Cornet Macklaughin.
"Ordered, by the Lords and Commons assembled
in Parliament, That the Sum of Ten Pounds be given
to Cornet Richard Macklaughin, the Messenger from
Sir Michaell Livesey; and that the same be charged
at Habberdash'rs Hall.
Committees for Kent.
"Additional (fn. *) Names for Deputy Lieutenants,
Committees, and Commissioners, for the County
of Kent, to act upon all Ordinances of Parliament concerning the Militia, Sequestrations,
and Levies of Money in that County.
Colonel Algernon Sedney.
Sir Cheyney Culpeper.
Sir John Roberts.
Mr. Thomas Parramore.
Mr. Tho. Broadnox.
Sir Thomas Styles.
Mr. George Duke.
Mr. Richard Porter.
|Mr. John Parker.
Mr. John Twisleton.
Mr. William Say.
Mr. Wm. Draper.
Mr. John Seyliard.
Mr. Edward Ashe.
Mr. Samuell Short.
"Ordered, by the Lords and Commons assembled
in Parliament, That the Persons abovenamed
be hereby enabled and authorized to act in
the County of Kent, upon the Ordinances
above-mentioned, according to the several
Powers given in the said Ordinances."
"Additional Committees for Sequestrations in the
County of Kent.
John Browne Esquire.
Mr. John Goldwell.
Mr. John Adye.
Mr. John Adryan.
Mr. Dan. Shatterden.
Mr. John Parker.
Mr. Peter Buck.
Mr. Peter Peake, of Higham, Junior.
Mr. George Hall.
Mr. Herbert Springate.
Mr. Norton Curteis.
Mr. John Chapman, of Malling.
Mr. Edward Howell, of Wrotham.
Mr. Henry Adye, of Merewroth.
Mr. Payne, of Brenekley.
Mr. Bridge, Senior.
Captain Fotch, of Thannett.
Mr. Thomas Parramore, of Thannett.
Mr. Francis Butcher.
Mr. Tho. Monins, of Cant.
Mr. Lee, Senior.
|Mr. Hen. Crittenden, of Leigh.
Mr. Rob't Pettye, of Otforde.
Mr. Peter Pett.
Mr. Johnson, Senior, of Tonbridge.
Mr. Amhurst, of Pembury.
Mr. James Tassell.
Captain Terry, of Aldersey.
Mr. John Osborne.
Mr. Tho. Broadnox, Junior.
Mr. Thomas Bate, of Lydd.
Mr. Thomas Brett.
Mr. John Naylor.
Mr. Samuell Shorte.
Mr. William Boys.
Mr. Edward Stucy.
Mr. Mandey, of Sandwich.
Capt. Edward Peke, Junior.
Mr. Stephen Monins, of Dover.
Mr. Richards, of Dover.
Mr. Broome, of Dover.
"Ordered, by the Lords and Commons assembled in Parliament, That these Persons
abovenamed be added to the Committee for
Sequestrations in the County of Kent."
Order for 558 l. 13s. to Col. Hopton.
"Ordered, by the Lords and Commons assembled in
Parliament, That Colonel James Hopton have his Arrears of Five Hundred Fifty-eight Pounds, Thirteen
Shillings, paid and satisfied to him, out of the Sequestration of the Estate of Sir John Hewett, of
Warsley, in the County of Huntington, Baronet, or
elsewhere where any of his Estate lyeth; and the
said Colonel James Hopton, or his Assignee or Assigns,
are appointed to receive and enjoy the said Sequestration, until the said Sum of Five Hundred Fifty-eight
Pounds, Thirteen Shillings, be paid unto him: And
the Committees, Sequestrators, and Treasurers of the
Sequestrations in the County of Huntington, or elsewhere where any Part of the said Sir John Hewett's
Estate lyeth as aforesaid, are required to take Notice of this Order, and to yield ready Obedience thereunto; and his or their Acquittance or Acquittances
shall be a sufficient Discharge to the several Persons
Norfolk Assizes to be adjourned.
"Ordered, by the Lords and Commons assembled
in Parliament, That the Judges adjourn the Assizes to
be holden for the Norffolke Circuit until a longer
Order for 350 l. to Sykes:
"Ordered, by the Lords and Commons assembled
in Parliament, That the Sum of Three Hundred and
Fifty Pounds, Part of Seven Hundred Seventy-eight
Pounds, Ten Shillings, Three Pence, be forthwith
paid unto William Sykes, or his Assigns, and be charged
at Habberdash'rs Hall; and the Acquittance or Acquittances of the said William Syke, or his Assigns, for
Payment thereof, shall be a sufficient Warrant and
Discharge to the said Committee, or such other Person or Persons as shall pay the same.
Order to discharge him out of Execution.
"Ordered, by the Lords and Commons assembled
in Parliament, That it be referred to the Committee
at Habberdash'rs Hall, to use the best Means they
can, to discharge the said Wm. Sykes out of Execution; he being in Execution for Interest for Money
procured by him for the Parliament."
Order for 500 l. to Darnall.
"Ordered, by the Lords and Commons assembled
in Parliament, That the Sum of Five Hundred Pounds
be forthwith paid to Ralph Darnall Esquire, Clerk
Assistant in the Honourable House of Commons in
Parliament assembled, or his Assigns, out of the Arrears of the late Court of Wards, in Part of Satisfaction for Loss of his Office of One of the Attornies of the said late Court of Wards: And the Committee of the Revenue are hereby required to pay
the same to the said Ralph Darnall, or his Assigns,
Order for 20 l. to Roberts and Smith.
"Ordered, by the Lords and Commons in Parliament assembled, That the Sum of Twenty Pounds
apiece be forthwith paid unto Margarett Roberts and
Jane Smith, for their great Pains taken in the Parliament's Service, and their Imprisonment and Dangers
sustained thereby; and that the said Forty Pounds
be charged at Habberdash'rs Hall."
Ordinance for raising a Troop of Horse, in the Isle of Ely.
"The Lords and Commons in Parliament assembled,
having taken into their serious Consideration the restless and malicious Designs of theirs and the Kingdom's common Enemies, who pretermit not any Occasions to involve this Kingdom into a new and more
bloody War; and knowing the great Consequence of
the Isle of Ely, both to the whole Kingdom in general,
and to the Eastern Association in particular; and
that, if the same should happen into the Hands of
the Enemy, it would be a great Advancement to their
Designs, and of great Prejudice to the Peace of the
whole Kingdom; have therefore thought fit to raise
One Troop of Horse, consisting of Three Score,
under the Command of Colonel John Hobart, for the
Guard and Safety of the same Isle; which Troop, by
reason of the present Disturbances, it will be necessary to continue for Six Months; and that an Establishment of Seventy Pounds per Week be raised
and settled for their Pay, that the Country may not
be burdened with Free Quarter, Taxations, or other
Assessment in that Behalf, during the Time of their
Entertainment; which said Establishment of Seventy
Pounds per Week, for the Space of Six Months, accounting from the First of July, 1648, will amount
unto the Sum of One Thousand Eight Hundred and
Twenty Pounds: Be it therefore Ordained, by the
said Lords and Commons, That the said Sum of One
Thousand Eight Hundred and Twenty Pounds, for
the Pay and Entertainment of the said Troop as
aforesaid, be, and hereby is, charged upon the Receipts of the Grand Excise, in Course, next after
other Assignments, already charged first satisfied, together with Interest for the same, after the Rate of
Eight Pounds per Centum per Annum, at the End of
every Six Months from the Date hereof, until the
Principal become due in Course as aforesaid; and
that the said Principal and Interest as aforesaid be
paid unto Captain Richard Harrison, who is hereby
appointed Treasurer in that Behalf, or to such Person or Persons, Executors, Administrators, or Assigns
respectively, as he, by his Assignment under his
Hand and Seal, shall assign or appoint the same, or
any Part thereof, to be paid; and the Receipt or
Receipts of the said Captain Richard Harrison, or of
such other Person or Persons as aforesaid, their respective Executors, Administrators, or Assigns, with
the respective Assignment or Assignments under the
Hand and Seal of the said Captain Richard Harrison as aforesaid, shall be a sufficient Discharge to
the Commissioners of Excise for the Time being, for
Payment of the said Principal and Interest accordingly: And it is further Ordained, That the said
Captain Richard Harrison shall disburse and pay the
same unto the several Officers and Troopers of the
said Troop, for their Pay and Entertainment in the
said Service, from Time to Time; and the particular
Receipt or Receipts of the said Officers and Troopers
shall be his sufficient Discharge in that Behalf: And
be it further Ordained, by the Authority aforesaid,
That the Sum of Two Thousand Three Hundred
Eighteen Pounds, Five Shillings, and Six Pence,
which appears, by the Accompt certified by the
Committee for the Isle of Ely, to be due and owing,
for Service and Expences in reducing of Croyland,
be allowed for Payment and full Discharge thereof;
and that the same be likewise charged upon the Receipts of the Grand Excise, in Course, and paid unto
the said Captain Richard Harrison, who is hereby
authorized to issue out the same to such Person and
Persons to whom the same is due, by Order from the
Committees of the said Isle of Ely, or any Two of
them; and that the Receipt or Receipts of the said
Richard Harrison, as aforesaid, shall be a sufficient
Discharge to the said Commissioners of Excise, for
Payment of the said Sum of Two Thousand Three
Hundred Eighteen Pounds, Five Shillings, and Six
Pence, with Interest, from the Date hereof, until
the same become due in Course as aforesaid."
Letter from the L. Admiral, advising Gravesend and Queenborough to be fortified; — and desiring an Ordinance for Martial Law at Sea.
"My Lords and Gentlemen,
"I have received your Lordships Letter of the 28th
of July, wherein came inclosed the Order of both
Houses, bearing Date the same Day; and shall not
be wanting (through the Strength of God) faithfully
to put their Command in Execution. I also received,
in a Letter from some Members of this Honourable
Committee, the Copies of some Papers concerning
Captain Greene, seized on by the Forces under Command of Sir Michaell Livesay. The securing of
Greene and his Company will be, I conceive, very
useful; which I humbly offer to your Lordships Consideration. I have discovered One or Two ill-affected amongst the Company of The St. George; the
representing of whose Temper and Carriage I refer
to Mr. Strickland and Mr. Bence, or One of them.
The Spreading and Acting of dangerous Principles
amongst the Mariners will not be easily prevented,
unless there be some known Rules established for
their Regulation, and Punishments authorized, proportionable to their Demerits that shall infringe
them. I do therefore recommend it to your Lordships,
to move the Houses, that an Ordinance for Martial
Law at Sea may be speedily passed; as also that the
Advocate of the Admiralty and Fleet may be sent
down, to assist for putting the same in Execution, if
your Lordships shall in your Wisdom think fit. Sir
Anthony Welden, the Chairman for the Committee of
Kent, hath several Times imparted to me his Opinion,
that it will be very necessary to put Guns into the
Fort at Gravesend, as also to secure Quinborrow Castle,
as doubting some Attempts will be made upon it; his
Advice being grounded upon Intelligence received
from the Army, that the revolted Ships may have a
Design to come up into the River, and so endanger
both the Ships at Chatham and other Ships in the
River of Thames; which I do also present unto your
Lordships Consideration. I have proceeded in the
Examination concerning The Fellowshipp; and find, that
of about Three Score and Ten aboard her, Thirty-five
have openly declared they will not oppose the revolted
Ships. Some also amongst them are found out, that
have been eminently active to seduce the rest. I shall
therefore take Order for Discharge of such of them as
have manisested their Disaffection, and shall endeavour
to get their Places supplied with fit Men. And so,
taking my Leave, I rest
Aboard The St. Géorge, in Tilbury Hope, this 1 of August, 1648.
and humble Servant,
"To the Right Honourable the Committee of Lords
and Commons, sitting at Derby House."
Votes for a Committee to go the King, to treat with Him in the Isle of Wight.
"Resolved by the Lords and Commons in Parliament assembled,
"That a Committee of both Houses be sent to His
Majesty, to acquaint Him with their Resolutions to
treat Personally with His Majesty, by a Committee
of both Houses, in such Place as His Majesty shall
make Choice of in the Isle of Wight, upon the Propositions presented at Hampton Court, and the taking
away of Wards and Liveries, for the settling of a
safe and well-grounded Peace; which Treaty is resolved, by the Two Houses, to be transacted, with
Honour, Freedom, and Safety to His Majesty, in the
Isle of Wight, and with Freedom and Safety to such
Committees as shall be appointed by both Houses of
Parliament to treat with His Majesty.
"That the said Committee intended to be sent unto
His Majesty, to acquaint Him with the Resolutions of
the Houses, be dispatched away with all convenient
Speed; and that the said Committee do return again to
the Parliament within Ten Days from Friday next.
"That the Committee intended to be sent unto His
Majesty, to treat with Him, shall have Power to treat
with His Majesty, in the Isle of Wight, upon such
Propositions as shall be offered by Him; and that the
Committees that shall be appointed to go to His Majesty have Power to treat with His Majesty upon such
other Propositions as shall be propounded, either by
His Majesty, or both Houses of Parliament."
House adjourned till 10a cras.