DIE Martis, 29 die Augusti.
PRAYERS, by Mr. Sedgwicke.
Domini præsentes fuerunt:
Comes Manchester, Speaker.
L. Viscount Say & Seale.
Message to the H. C. with the Ordinance for London Militia to raise Forces;-- and about Montreul's Pass.
A Message was sent to the House of Commons, by
Mr. Page and Dr. Aylett:
1. To deliver to them the Ordinance for listing of
Horse and Foot by the Militia of London, with the Alteration, wherein their Concurrence is desired.
2. To put them in Mind of Monsieur Montreul's
Justice Roll excused.
Ordered, That Mr. Justice Roll shall be excused
for his Absence and attending this House, to prepare
himself for the Circuit.
Ordinance for settling Church Government.
Next, the Ordinance for settling of Church Government, was read the Third Time.
And the Question being put, "Whether to agree
"to this Ordinance, as it hath been now read?"
It was Resolved in the Affirmative.
(Here enter it.)
Protest against it.
Memorandum, That, before the putting the aforesaid
Question, the Earl of Lyncolne desired Leave to enter
his Dissent, if it were carried in the Affirmative: Which
the House gave Leave to; and accordingly doth enter
his Dissent, by subscribing his Name.
Letters from the King and Col. Hammond.
This Day the King's Letter of accepting the Treaty
was read, with the List of the Persons Names the King
desires to come to Him.
(Here enter them.)
Colonel Hamond's Letter was also read.
Message to the H. C. with the King's Letter.
A Message was sent to the House of Commons, by
Mr. Page and Doctor Heath:
To deliver to them the Letter this Day received from
the King, and also the List of Names.
Sir C. Compton, a Pass.
Ordered, That Sir Charles Compton shall have a
Pass, to go down to the General.
E. of Lincoln and Lady Delawar.
Upon reading the Petition of Isabella Lady La Warr:
(Here enter it.)
And the Question being put, "Whether the Counsel of the Earl of Lyncolne and the Counsel
of the Lady La Warr shall be heard this Day
Sevennight (if they please), concerning the
Matter of Privilege in this Case, or not?"
The Votes were even.
The Order for Six Hundred Pounds, with Interest,
to be paid to Mr. John Sleigh, was read, and passed.
(Here enter it.)
Dr. Burges's Petition, for his Grant of an Annuity.
Upon reading the Petition of Dr. Cornelius Burges;
desiring his former Grant, by Ordinance, of Four Hundred Pounds per Annum during his Life, may be passed
under the Great Seal of England.
Propositions to the King.
Ordered, That the Propositions now to be sent to
the King shall be printed and published.
Ordinance to settle Church Government.
Ordered, That the Ordinance for settling Church
Government shall be printed and published.
Burnard to be instituted to Warnford;
Ordered, That Dr. Aylett give Institution and Induction unto Benjamin Burnard Clerk, to the Rectory of
Warneford, in Com. South'ton; salvo Jure cujuseunque:
Granted by the Great Seal.
and Howard to Hoo.
Ordered, That Dr. Aylett give Institution and
Induction unto Lewis Howard Clerk, to the Vicarage
of Hoo, alias St. Warbecke, alias St. Warbungh in Hoo, in
the County of Kent, void by the Death of the last Incumbent; salvo Jure cujuscunque: Granted by the Great
(fn. *) "Die Martis, 29 August. 1648.
Ordinance to settle Church Government.
"The Form of Church Government to be used in
the Church of England and Ireland, agreed
upon by the Lords and Commons assembled
in Parliament, after Advice had with the
Assembly of Divines.
"Be it Ordered and Ordained by the Lords and
Commons in Parliament assembled, and by Authority of
the same, That all Parishes and Places whatsover within
the Kingdom of England and Dominion of Wales (as well
Privileged Places and Exempt Jurisdictions as others)
be brought under the Government of Congregational,
Classical, Provincial, and National Assemblies; provided, that the Chapels or Places in the Houses of
the King and His Children, and the Chapels or Places
in the Houses of the Peers of this Realm, shall continue free for the Exercise of Divine Duties, to be
performed according to the Directory, and not otherwise.
"That there be forthwith a Choice made of Elders,
throughout the Kingdom of England and Dominion
of Wales, in the respective Churches and Chapels,
according to such Directions as hereafter follow; and
all Classes and Parochial Congregations are respectively hereby authorized and required forthwith
effectually to proceed therein accordingly.
"Directions for the Election of Parochial and Congregational Elders.
1. That Notice of the Election of Parochial and
Congregational Elders, and of the Time when it shall
be, be given, by the Minister, in the Public Assembly,
the next Lord's-day but One before; and that on the
said Lord's-day a Sermon be preached, preparatory
to that weighty Business.
"2. That the Ruling Elders of a Parochial and Congregational Eldership shall be chosen by the several
Ministers and Members of that Congregation respectively, or the major Part of them there assembled,
being such as have taken the National Covenant,
and are not Persons under Age, nor Servants that
have no Families.
"3. That such shall be chosen for Ruling Elders as
are Men of a good Understanding in Matters of Religion, sound in the Faith, prudent, discreet, grave,
and of unblameable Conversation, and willing to
undergo the said Office.
"4. That no Man be chosen for a Ruling Elder, but
only for One Congregation, and that in the Place
where his most settled Dwelling and Employment
"5. That, when any Ruling Elder is to be chosen
where an Eldership is constituted, it be done by the
Eldership, with the Consent and Approbation of the
People of that Congregation.
"6. That it shall be lawful for the Congregation
respectively, or any other Persons, to exhibit Exceptions against any Persons elected as aforesaid,
touching the Right of his Election, the Qualification
of the Person before mentioned, or touching Matter
of Ignorance or Scandal hereafter mentioned, to such
Persons as are here after appointed to receive the
"Concerning the Triers and Judges of the Integrity and Ability of such as are to be chosen
Elders in the Province of London, and of the
Inns of Court.
"1. These Persons following shall be Triers and
Judges of the Integrity and Ability of such as are
chosen Congregational Elders, in the several Classes
within the Province of London, and of the Dueness
of their Election, according to the Rules and Directions hereafter expressed.
"The First Classis.
"Dr. Will. Gouge of Black Friers, Mr. George Walker
of John Evangelist, Mr. Lazarus Seaman of Alhallowes
in Breadstreet. Others: Mr. Rich. Brown Esquire of
Black Friers, Mr. Rich. Turner Senior of Austine's
Parish, Mr. Will. Kendall of Alhallowes in Breadstreet, John Clarke Doctor of Physic of Martin's Ludgate, Mr. Thomas Steines of Mildred in Breadstreet,
Mr. Christopher Meredith of Faith's.
"The Second Classis.
"Master William Reyner of John Baptist's, Mr. Charles
Offspring of Antholin's, Mr. William Thomas of Pancras Soper-lane. Others: Mr. Alex. Jones of John
Baptist's, Mr. Ralph Triplet of Nicholas Cole-Abbey,
Mr. Thomas Coffin of Michael Royall, Mr. James Hayes
of Bennet Sheerhogge, Mr. John Cock of James Garlickhith, Mr. Philip Owen of Mary Magdaline's Old
"The Third Classis.
Master Humphrey Chambers of Stephen's Walbrook,
Mr. John Rawlinson of Mary Ab-Church, Mr. John
Cardell of Alhallowes Lumbard-street. Others: Mr.
John Warner Alderman of Stephen's Walbrooke, Mr.
Robert Sweet of Mary Woolnoth, Mr. Michael Herring
of Mary Wool-church, Mr. Rich. Young of Alhallowes
Lumbard-street, Mr. Rich. Warner of Mary Ab-Church,
Mr. Robert Mead of Laurence Pountney.
"The Fourth Classis.
"Master John Lee of Mary on the Hill, Mr. Joseph
Caryl of Magnus, Mr. Fulk Bellers of Michael Cornhill. Others: Master James Bunce Alderman of
Bennet Grace-Church, Mr. Edward Hooker of Mary
on the Hill, Mr. John Bellamy of Michael Cornhill,
Mr. John Gyes of Andrew in Hubbert, Mr. John
Hatler of Magnes, Mr. William Bramwith of Peter's
"The Fifth Classis.
"Master John Conant of Botolph Aldersgate, Mr.
Anthony Tuckney of Michael at Corne alias Querne,
Mr. Simeon Ashe of Brides. Others: Sir John Wollaston
Knight of John Zacharies, Mr. Edw. Honywood of
Michael at Corne alias Querne, Mr. William Hart of
Christ Church, Mr. John Johnson of Botolph Aldersgate,
Mr. Rich. Flood of Peter's Cheape, Mr. John Sherman
of Anne Aldersgate.
"The Sixth Classis.
"Master Edmond Calamy of Mary Aldermanbury, Mr.
John Arrowsmith of Martin's Iremonger Lane, Mr.
Arther Jackson of Michael's Woodstreet. Others: Mr.
Walter Boothby of Mary Aldermanbury, Mr. Will. Webb
of Martin's Iremonger Lane, Mr. Will. Bisby of
Mr. Thomas Bregstwell
Mr. Robert Manwaring
Mr. Laurence Brinley of Mary Magdalin's Milkstreet.
"The Seventh Classis.
"Master Robert Harris of Botolph Bishopsgate, Mr.
Samuel Clarke of Bennet Fynk, Mr. Charles Newton
of Michael Basingshaw, Mr. Leonard Cooke, Others
Mr. Christopher Pack Alderman of Michael Basingshaw, Mr. James Russell of Stephen's Colemanstreet, Master William Williamson of Christopher's, Mr.
Robert Launt of Peter's Poore, Mr. James Story of
Bennet Fynk, Mr. Samuel Harsnet of Bartholomew Exchange.
"The Eighth Classis.
"Master Will. Spurstow of Hackney, Mr. Tho. Porter
of Katherine Creed-Church, Mr. Elidad Blackwell of
Andrew Undershast. Others:
Sir David Watkins Knight
Mr. John Smith
|of Andrew Undershaft,
Mr. George Clarke of Hackney, Mr. Richard Shute of
Cree-Church, Mr. Alex. Bence of Algate, Mr. Thomas
Hutchins of Hellen's.
"The Ninth Classis.
"Master Thomas Clendon of Alhollowes Barking, Mr.
Thomas Valentine of Mary White-chappell, Mr. Thomas
Carter of Olaves Hart-street, Others: Sir Edward
Harrington Knight of Lives Hart-street, Mr. Francis
West Lieutenant of The Tower, Mr. Edmund Trench
of Alhollowes Staining,
Mr. Maurice Thompson
Mr. Stafford Clare
|of Dunstan's East,
Mr. Solomon Smith of Katherine Tower.
"The Tenth Classis.
"Master Thomas Gataker of Rotherhithe, Mr. Jeremy
Whitaker of Mary Magdalen Bermondsey, Mr. Samuel
Bolton of Mary Overy. Others: Mr. Collier of Saint
Mr. George Snelling
Mr. Robert Haughton
Mr. George Thompson
|of Olaves Southwarke,
"Mr. Daniel Sauton of Mary Overy, Mr. Henry Helmer
of Mary Magdalen Bemondsey.
"The Eleventh Classis.
"Master Richard Vines of Clement Danes, Mr. Henry
Cornish of Giles in the Fields, Mr. Cawdry of Martin's
in the Fields, Mr. Gibson of Margaret's Westminster,
Mr. John Packer
Mr. Thomas Faulconbridge.
Others: Mr. John Brigham
Mr. George Pryn
Mr. Edward Martin
Mr. James Prince
Mr. Silvanus Taylor
|of Clement Danes,
Mr. Walter Biggs of Giles in the Fields, Mr. Edward
Carter of Covent Garden.
"The Twelsth Classis.
"Master Obadiah Sedgswick of Andrew's Holborne,
Mr. Immanuel Bourne of Sepulchre's, Mr. Strong of
Dunstan's West. Others: Mr. Roger Drake Doctor of
Physic, Mr. William Jesop of Andrew's Holborne, Mr.
Thomas Smith, Mr. Nathaniel Camfield of Sepulchre's,
Mr. Francis Allen of Dunstan's West.
2. That all Exceptions objected against any Persons
elected to be Congregational Elders shall be exhibited
to the Triers abovementioned respectively, within
Fourteen Days next after the said Election.
"3. That the said Triers shall have Power to receive,
hear, and determine, all Exceptions brought in to
them, concerning undue Elections; and, to that End,
to call before them all such Persons so elected and
accepting such Election, and to send for such Witnesses as shall be nominated unto them by such
Persons as shall bring in such Exceptions; and shall
have Power to examine, upon Oath, both the Persons bringing in such Exceptions and the said Witnesses, concerning any undue Proceedings in the
Manner of the said Election, and concerning all
Matters of Ignorance or Scandal objected against the
Party elected, and expressed afterwards to be a sufficient Cause of Suspension from the Sacrament of
the Lord's Supper (and of which any Eldership by
any Ordinance of Parliament hath Cognizance and
Jurisdiction), and that shall be proved to have been
committed within One whole Year before the Exceptions exhibited; and that the Persons against whom
the Exceptions are taken shall have like Liberty to
produce Witnesses, to be examined in like Manner,
on their Behalf.
"4. That the Triers shall have Power to examine
whether the Elders that are chosen be so qualified as
is above expressed.
5. That, in case the Election of any Elder of a
Congregation, upon just Proof and Examination, be
found by the Triers appointed for that Purpose to be
unduly made, or the Person to be ignorant or scandalous, or not qualified as aforesaid, then the said
Triers may order such Elder to be removed, and
another to be chosen in his Place.
"6. That, in case no just Exception as aforesaid
shall be proved against any Elder, and that the said
Elder shall approve himself as duly qualified for the
said Office unto the Triers, then the said Triers shall
have Power to approve the Person so elected to be
a Congregational Elder, in the Place where he is so
elected; and the Person so approved is hereby authorized to act with the Minister and the rest of the
Congregational Eldership in the Government of that
"7. That the said Triers have Power to call before
them those Persons whose Names shall be returned
to them as chosen to be Elders in any Congregation,
to know whether they are willing to accept of the
said Office, and to receive further Satisfaction from
them concerning their Fitness for the said Office.
"8. That what shall be done by the major Part of
the Triers that be present (not being under the
Number of Seven) in each Classis, shall be esteemed
as the Act of all the Triers of that Classis.
"9. That the Committee of Lords and Commons
hereafter mentioned, appointed for the judging of
Scandal, have Power to constitute Triers within the
Province of London, where Need shall require.
"The Distribution of the Province of London into
their Classical Elderships.
"1. That the Province of London shall be divided
into Twelve Classical Elderships, according to the
Distributions hereafter following:
"The First Classis to contain,
"Alhallowes Breadstreet, Andrew Wardrop, Anne
Black-Friers, Austin's Parish, Bennet Paul's-Wharse,
Faith's, Gregorie's, John Evangelist, Margaret Moses,
Martin Ludgate, Mary Aldermary, Mary Le Bow,
Matthew Fryday-street, Mildred's Breadstreet, Paul's,
"The Second Classis to contain,
"Anthonie's vulgò Antholin's, Bennet Sherehogge, James
Garlickhithe, John Baptist, Martin in the Vintrey,
Mary Magdalin Old Fishstreet, Mary Sommerset, Mary
Mounthaunt vulgò Mounthaw, Michael Queenhithe,
Michael Royall, Nicholas Old Abby, Nicholas Olaves,
Pancret Soper-lane, Thomas Apostle, Trinity Parish.
"The Third Classis to contain,
"Alhallowes the Greater, Alhallowes the Lesse, Allhalowes Lumbarstreet, Edmund's Lumbarstreet, Laurence Pountney, Mary Abchurch, Mary Bothaw, Mary
Woollchurch, Mary Woolnoth, Nicholas Acon, Stephen's in
"The Fourth Classis to contain,
Andrew Hubbert, Bennet Gracechurch, Buttolph
Billingsgate, Clement's in Eastcheap, Dionis Backchurch,
George Buttolph-lane, Leonard in Eastcheap, Magnus,
Margaret New Fishstreet, Martin Orgars, Mary-hill,
Michaell Crooked Lane, Michaell Cornehill, Peter's
"The Fifth Classis to contain,
"Anne Aldersgate, Buttolph Aldersgate, Brides, Bridewell, Christchurch, John Zacharie, Leonard Foster-lane,
Mary Stainings, Michael in the Corne vulgò Querne,
Olaves Silverstreet, Peter Cheape, Pedast alias
"The Sixth Classis to contain,
"Albans Woodstreet, Alhallowes Hony Lane, Alphage,
Giles Creeplegate, James Chappell, Laurence in the
Jury, Martin in Iremonger-lane, Mary Aldermanbury,
Marymaudlin's Milkstreete, Mary Colechurch, Michael
in Woodstreet, Mildred in the Poultry, Olives in the
"The Seventh Classis to contain,
Alhallowes by the Wall, Bartholmew Exchange,
Bennet Fyncke, Buttolph Bishopsgate, Christopher's,
Margaret Lothbury, Michael Basingshaw, Peter Poore,
"The Eighth Classis to contain,
"Andrew Undershaft, Buttolph Algate, Ethelburge,
Hackney, Hellen's, James Dukes Place, Katherine Creechurch, Leonard Shoreditch, Martin's Oteswitch vulgò
Outwich, Mary Newington alias Soke Newington.
"The Ninth Classis to contain,
"Alhallowes Barkin, Alhallowes Stainings, Dunstan's
in the East, Gabriell Fenchurch, Katherin Coleman,
Katherin Tower, Margaret Pattons, Olaves Hartstreet,
Peter's in the Tower, Stepney, Trinity Minories, Wapping, Whitechappell.
"The Tenth Classis to contain,
"George Southwarke, Lambeth, Mary Magdalen Bermondsey, Mary Overs, Newington Buts, Olaves Southwarke, Rotherhithe vulgò Redriffe, Thomas Hospitall,
"The Eleventh Classis to contain,
"Clement's Danes, Giles in the Fields, Knightsbridge,
Margaret's Westminster, Martin's in the Fields, Newchurch, Peter's Westminster, Paul's Chappell in Covent
"The Twelfth Classis to contain,
"Andrew Holbourne, Bartholmew the Greater, Bartholmew the Lesse, Charterhouse, Dunston's in the West,
James C'arkenwell, Mary Islington's, Sepulchre's.
"2. That all the several Parishes and Places within
the Cities of London and Westminster, and the Parts
adjacent, according as they are distinguished into
Twelve several Classes, shall be the Extent and
Bounds of the Province of London.
"3. That the Chapel of The Rolles, the Two Serjeants Innes, and the Four Innes of Court, shall be under
the Presbyterial Government of those respective
Classes within the Limits whereof they are situate.
"Concerning the Members of the Classical and
Congregational Presbyteries in the several
Counties of the Kingdom of England and Dominion of Wales.
"1. That the Committees or Commissioners named in
the Ordinance of Sixty Thousand £ per Mensem,
dated the 23 of June, 1647, or any Three or more
of them, of the several Counties of this Kingdom,
with the Assistance of such Ministers and others as
they shall think fit, do forthwith meet, and consider
how their several Counties respectively may be most
conveniently divided into distinct Classical Presbyteries,
where they are not already divided, and what Ministers and others are fit to be of each Classis; and
they shall accordingly make such Division and Nomination of Persons for each Classical Presbytery;
which Divisions, and Persons so named for every Division, shall be certified by the said Committees and
Commissioners to the Committee of Lords and Commons for judging of Scandal; and that the Chancellors, Vice-chancellors, and Heads of the Universities, do likewise consider how the Colleges may be
put into Classical Presbyteries, and do certify the
same up to the said Committee of Lords and Commons; and that the said Certificates be made before
the 25 of March next: Which Committee of Lords
and Commons is required to approve and confirm the
same, as they shall think fit, immediately upon Receipt of such Certificate.
"2. That the said several Classes respectively, being approved as aforesaid, within their several Precincts, shall act and execute all Power belonging to
any Classis; and also shall have Power to constitute
Congregational Elderships, where a competent Number
of Persons so qualified for Elders as aforesaid shall be
found; and, to that End, they have Power to proceed in the Trial, Examination, Approbation, and
Removal, of such Persons as shall be chosen Congregational Elders, as the Triers abovementioned are
authorized to do; and that all Exceptions against any
Persons chosen to be Elders shall be exhibited at the
next Monthly Meeting of the Classis; and where no
Persons shall be found fit to be Elders as aforesaid,
then that Congregation shall be immediately under
the Classical Presbytery, until that Congregation
shall be enabled with Members fit to be Elders as
"3. That the several Classis constituted as aforesaid,
in the several Counties, within the Limits of the said
respective Classis where no Congregational Presbyteries are already settled, shall have from Time to Time
Power to nominate such Ministers and others as are
qualified according to this Ordinance, to join with
them in the same, to be approved by the Committee of Lords and Commons appointed to judge of
Scandal, until such Time as Congregational Presbyteries shall be settled in the said respective Precincts;
and that such Power shall be executed, not only in
Cases of Death or other Departure of any Minister
or Elder from the Place of their wonted Dwelling,
but also in case of Increase of Ministers and of fit
Persons to be Elders in their several Precincts.
"4. That when the said Congregational Presbyteries
shall be settled within the said Limits, that then the
said Congregational Presbyteries shall act according
to the Power and Directions of this Ordinance in
"5. That at any such Time as Seven Congregational
Elderships, or more, shall be constituted into any
Classical Precinct, in any of the Counties, by the respective Classis established as abovesaid, the same shall
by them be signified to the several Congregational
Elderships so established; and the said Congregational Elderships shall forthwith proceed to depute
such of their Elders as are most fit, who, together
with their Minister, shall meet as a Classis, and shall
be to all Intents and Purposes thenceforth the Classis
of that Precinct, and execute all Power belonging to
such or any former Classis; and the Classis formerly
constituted shall cease as to that Precinct.
"6. That in all such Classical Elderships, whether
in the Province of London or in any of the Counties
of the Kingdom, there shall be, out of every Congregational Eldership, Two Elders, or more, not exceeding the Number of Four, and One Minister, sent
to every Classis.
"7. That the Classical Assemblies, in each Province
within the Kingdom of England and Dominion of
Wales, shall assemble themselves within One Month
after they shall be thus constituted; and shall thenceforth hold their Meetings Monthly, by Adjournment,
or oftener if Need be, in such certain Place as shall
be most convenient for the Ease of the People; and
that, before they fit about any Business, there be a
Sermon or Exposition of Scripture made by some
Minister of that Classis, or Expectant, as they shall
agree amongst themselves.
"8. That, for the more orderly Managing of such
Affairs as come before them, there be One Moderator chosen by the Classis, at every Meeting, out of
the Ministers of the Word, who shall continue until
the next Meeting.
"9. That the Classis have Power to take in such Ministers as they shall think fit within their Precincts,
although at the present there be no Eldership constituted in the said Congregation.
"10. That, in the Classical Meeting of all Classes,
that which shall be done by the major Part present
shall be esteemed as the Act of the whole Classical
Number; and that no Act done by any Classis shall
be valid and good, unless it be done by the Number
of Twelve present, whereof Four at least to be Ministers, and Eight at the least Ruling Elders, or the
major Part of them.
"11. That the Congregational Presbyteries shall
meet Once every Week, and oftener if Occasion shall
"Concerning the Members of the Provincial Assemblies.
"1. That the Committee of Lords and Commons
have Power to bound the Provincial Assemblies, in
the Kingdom of England and Dominion of Wales.
"2. That the Provincial Assemblies shall be constituted of Members sent from every Classis within the
"3. That the Number of the Members sent from
every Classis shall be so proportioned, as that the
Provincial Assembly may be more in Number than
any Classical Presbytery; and, to that End, they shall
be at the least Two Ministers and Four Ruling Elders
out of every Classis; and that, where there shall be
Need, the Committee of Lords and Commons for the
adjudging of Scandal shall increase the Number of
Delegates which are or shall be sent to any Provincial Assembly, as they shall think fit.
"4. That the Elders of the Classis of the Province
of London shall hold their Provincial Assembly in Sion
College, as formerly they have done; and may adjourn their Meeting de Die in Diem, and conclude
their Meeting with Adjournment unto the next Opportunity, as formerly they have done; and that no
Act shall pass; or be valid, in the said Province of
London, but what shall be done by the Number of Six
and Thirty present, or the major Part of them,
whereof Twelve to be Ministers, and Four and Twenty Ruling Elders; and that the First Meeting of the
Provincial Assembly in the several Counties be appointed by the Committee of Lords and Commons
aforesaid, and may adjourn as aforesaid, who are
also to appoint the Quorum that shall act in each
"5. That the Provincial Assembly, being constituted,
shall meet Twice every Year, or oftener if Occasion
"Concerning the National Assembly.
"1. The National Assembly shall be constituted of
Members chosen by, and sent from, the several Provincial Assemblies aforesaid; the Number of the
Members from each Province to the National Assembly shall be Two Ministers, Four Ruling Elders,
and Five learned and godly Persons from each University.
"2. The National Assembly shall meet when they
shall be summoned by Parliament; and to fit and
continue as the Parliament shall order, and not otherwise.
"Of the Subordination of these Assemblies.
"1. That there be a Subordination of Congregational, Classical, Provincial, and National Assemblies,
for the Government of the Church, that so Appeals
may be made from the Inferior to the Superior respectively.
"2. That, in all Cases of Appeal to the Classical,
Provincial, or National Assembly, they shall have
Power respectively to proceed thereupon, by Examination of Witnesses and otherwise, in such Manner
as the Congregational Eldership, from which the Appeal ariseth, are enabled to do by this Ordinance of
Parliament; and shall certify such their Proceedings
to the said Eldership.
"3. That the Provincial and National Assemblies
have the same Power, in all Points of Government
and Censures brought before them, within their several Bounds respectively, as doth belong to Classical Presbyteries within their several Associations.
"4. That, if any Person shall find himself grieved
with the Proceedings against him before the Eldership of any Congregation, he shall have Liberty to
appeal to the Classical Eldership, and from thence to
the Provincial Assembly, and from thence to the National, and from thence to the Parliament.
"Of the Power in common of all these Assemblies, and the Order to be observed in them.
"1. That the several Assemblies beforementioned
may convent and call before them any Person, within
their several Bounds, whom the Ecclesiastical Business that is before them shall concern, either as a
Party or as a Witness, according to the Nature of the
Business; and that they do hear and determine such
Causes and Differences as shall orderly come before
them, and accordingly dispense Church Censures.
"2. That these several Assemblies, or the major Part
of them respectively, shall have Power, by Warrant
under their Hands (in all Cases whereof they have
any Cognizance by this Ordinance), to convent before them all Persons against whom any Complaint
shall be brought by virtue of this Ordinance, and all
such Witnesses as shall be named for the Discovery
of the Truth of such Complaint; and in case any
Person shall refuse to appear, then, upon Complaint
made to the next Justice of the Peace, the Party refusing shall be brought before him, and, in case of
obstinate persisting, shall be committed by the said
Justice of the Peace till he submit unto Order.
3. That, in these Meetings of the several Assemblies, One whose Office is to labour in the Word
and Doctrine do moderate in their Proceedings, who
is to vote as well as the rest of the Members, to begin and end the Meeting with Prayer, to propose
Questions, gather the Votes, pronounce the Resolves; but not to do any Act of Government, unless in and jointly with the Assembly whereof he is
"4. That all the Members of these Assemblies respectively are to attend on the appointed Days of their
Meetings, or to send the Reasons of their Absence,
to be judged by the Assembly where they are to
"The Power of Congregational Elderships, or Assemblies, for governing of a particular Congregation.
"1. That the Congregational Eldership, consisting
of the Minister or Ministers, and the other Ruling
Officers of that Congregation, shall have Power, as
they shall see just Occasion, to enquire into the Knowledge and Spiritual Estate of any Member of the
Congregation; to admonish and rebuke, to suspend
from the Lord's Table, those who are found by
them to be ignorant and scandalous, and to excommunicate, according to the Rules and Directions hereafter following.
"2. That, where there are many Ruling Officers in
a particular Congregation, some of them do more
especially attend the Inspection of one Part, some of
another, as may be most convenient; and some of
them are at fit Times to visit the several Families, for
their Spiritual Good.
"3. That the Numbers of Elders in each Congregation be proportioned according to the Condition of
the Congregation; and the Exercise of their Office is
so to be ordered by the Eldership, as that their Civil
Employment may be least hindered thereby.
"The Power of Classical Assemblies.
"1. That Classical Presbyteries, which are Assemblies made up of Ministers of the Word and other
Ruling Officers belonging unto several neighbouring
Congregations, shall have Power to consider, debate,
and resolve, according to God's Word, such Cases
of Conscience, or other Difficulties in Doctrine, as
are brought unto them out of their Association, according as they shall find needful for the Good of the
"2. To examine and censure, according to the
Word, any erroneous Doctrine, which hath been
vented within their Association, to the corrupting of
the Judgement of Men; and to endeavour the converting and reducing of Recusants, or any other in
Error or Schism.
"3. To take Cognizance of Causes omitted or neglected in the Eldership of particular Congregations,
and to receive Appeals from them.
4. To dispense Censures, in Cases within their
Cognizance, by Admonition, Suspension, or Excommunication.
"5. To admonish, or further to censure, scandalous
Ministers, whether in Life or Doctrine, according
to the Nature of the Offence; and that not only for
such Offences for which any other Member of the
Congregation shall incur any Censure of the Church
(in which Case he is to be censured by the Classis
with the like Censure for the like Offence), but likewise particularly, for Simony, entering into any Ministerial Charge without Allowance of Authority,
false Doctrine, affected Lightness and Vanity in
Preaching, wilful Neglect of Preaching, or slight
Performance of it, wilful Non-residence from his
Charge without Call or Cause approved by the Classis, Neglect of Administration of the Sacrament, or
other Ministerial Duties required of him in the Directory of Worship, depraving and speaking reproachfully against the wholesome Orders by Authority settled in the Church, casting Reproach upon
the Power of Godliness, which he by his Office ought
chiefly to promote; yet so as that no Minister be deprived or degraded, but by the Resolution of a
"6. To examine, ordain, and admit Ministers, for
the Congregations respectively therein associated, according to the Orders and Directions hereafter following.
"The Ordination of Ministers.
"Whereas the Word Presbyter, that is to say Elder, and the Word Bishop, do in the Holy Scripture
intend and signify one and the same Function, although the Title of Bishop hath been by corrupt
Custom appropriated to one, and that unto him
ascribed, and by him assumed, as in other Things,
so in the Matter of Ordination, that was not meet;
which Ordination notwithstanding being performed
by him, a Presbyter joined with other Presbyters,
we hold for Substance to be valid, and not to be disclaimed by any that have received it; and that Prefbyters so ordained, being lawfully thereunto appointed and authorized, may ordain other Presbyters:
And whereas also it is manifest, by the Word of God,
that no Man ought to take upon him the Office of a
Minister, until he be lawfully called and ordained
thereunto; and that the Work of Ordination, that is
to say, an outward solemn setting-apart of Persons
for the Office of the Ministry in the Church by the
Preaching Presbyters, is an Ordinance of Christ,
and is to be performed with all due Care, Wisdom,
Gravity, and Solemnity:
"It is Ordained, by the Lords and Commons assembled in Parliament, and by the Authority of the same
(after Advice had with the Assembly of Divines now
convened at Westminster), That the several and respective Classical Presbyteries, within their several and
respective Bounds, may and shall examine, approve,
and ordain, Presbyters, according to the Directory for
Ordination, and Rules for Examination, hereafter expressed; that is to say,
"First, He that is to be ordained must address
himself to the Presbytery, and bring with
him a Testimonial of his taking the Covenant
of the Three Kingdoms, of his Diligence and
Proficiency in his Studies, what Degrees he
hath taken in the University, and what hath
been the Time of his Abode there, and withal
of his Age, which is to be Four and Twenty
Years at least; but especially of his Life and
"Secondly, The Presbytery shall proceed to enquire touching the Grace of God in him, and
whether he be of such Holiness of Life as
is requisite in a Minister of the Gospel; and
to examine him touching his Learning and
Sufficiency, and touching the Evidence of his
Calling to the Holy Ministry, and in particular his fair and direct Calling to that Place to
which he is designed.
"The Rules for Examination are these:
"1. That the Party to be examined be dealt
with in a brotherly Way, with Mildness
of Spirit, and with special Respect to
the Gravity, Modesty, and Quality, of
"2. He shall be examined touching his Skill
in the Original Tongues; and that Trial
to be made by reading the Hebrew and
Greek Testaments, and rendering some
Portions of them into Latin. Enquiry
also shall be made of his Knowledge and
Skill in Logic, Philosophy, and other
"3. It shall be enquired what Authors in
Divinity he hath read, and is best acquainted with; and whether he hath
read and observed the Ecclesiastical History, and what his Skill is in the Chronology of the Holy Scripture.
"4. Trial shall be made of his Knowledge
in the chief Grounds of Religion, and
of his Ability to defend the orthodox
Doctrine contained in them against all
unsound and erroneous Opinions, especially those of the present Age; also of
his Skill in the Sense and Meaning of
such Places of Scripture as shall be proposed to him; also his Judgement in Cases
"5. If he hath not before preached in public with Approbation of such who have
Ability to judge, he shall, at a competent
Time assigned him, and before the
Presbytery, preach a Sermon upon such
a Place of Scripture as shall be given
"6. He shall, in a competent Time, also
frame a Discourse in Latin, upon such a
Common Place or Controversy in Divinity as shall be assigned him; and exhibit to the Presbytery such Theses as express the Sum thereof, and maintain a
Dispute upon them: Also he shall preach
before the People, the Presbytery or
some of the Ministers of the Word appointed by them being present.
"7. The Proportion of his Gifts, in relation
to the Place unto which he is called,
shall be considered.
8. Besides the Trial of his Gifts in Preaching, he shall undergo an Examination in
the Premises, Two several Days or more,
if the Presbytery shall judge it necessary.
"Thirdly, After which, he, being approved, is
to be sent to the Church, or other Place where
he is to serve, if it may be done with Safety
and Conveniency, there to preach Three several Days, and to converse with the People;
that they may have Trial of his Gifts for their
Edification, and may have Time and Leisure
to enquire into, and the better to know, his
Life and Conversation.
"Fourthly, In the last of these Three Days appointed for the making known of his Gifts
in Preaching, there shall be sent, from the
Presbytery, to the Congregation, a public
Instrument in Writing, which shall publicly
be read before the People, and after affixed
to the Church Door, to signify, "such a Day,
any Member or Members of the said Congregation, or any other Person or Persons whatsoever, or any of them, may put in, with all
Christian Discretion and Meekness, what Exceptions they have against him:" And if, upon
the Day appointed, there be no just Exceptions against him, the Presbytery shall proceed to Ordination.
"Fifthly, Upon the Day appointed for Ordination, which is to be performed in that Church
where he that is to be ordained is to serve
(if it may be done with Safety and Conveniency), a solemn Fast shall be kept by the
Congregation, that they may more earnestly
join in Prayer to God, for a Blessing upon
the Person and Labour of this His Servant,
solemnly to be set apart to the Office of the
Ministry for their Good: The Presbytery shall
come to the Place; or some Ministers of the
Word, Five at the least, shall be sent from
the Presbytery, whereof One shall preach to
the People concerning the Office and Duty of
the Ministers of Christ, and how the People
ought to esteem him, for the Work-sake.
"Sixthly, After the Sermon ended, the Minister
which hath preached shall, in the Face of the
Congregation, demand of him who is now to
be ordained, concerning his Faith in Christ
Jesus, and his Persuasion of the Truth of the
Reformed Religion according to the Scriptures; his sincere Intentions and Ends in desiring to enter into this Calling; his Resolution to use constant Diligence, in Prayer,
Reading, Meditation, Preaching, ministering
the Sacraments, and doing all Ministerial Duties towards his Charge, with his whole Desire, as in the Presence of God, so as may
most further their Edification and Salvation;
his Zeal and Faithfulness in maintaining the
Truth of the Gospel, and Purity of the
Church, against Error and Schism; his Care
that himself and Family may be unblameable,
and Examples to the Flock; and his full Purpose to continue in his Duty, against all
Trouble and Persecution.
"Seventhly, In all which having declared himself, professed his Willingness, and promised
his Endeavours by the Help of God; the
Presbytery, or Ministers sent from them,
shall solemnly set him apart to the Office and
Work of the Ministry, laying their Hands on
him, with a short Prayer or Blessing, to this
"Thankfully acknowledging the great Mercy of God, in sending of Jesus Christ,
for the Redemption of His People; and
for His Ascension to the Right Hand of
God the Father, and there pouring out
His Spirit, and giving Gifts to Men,
Apostles, Evangelists, Prophets, Pastors
and Teachers; for the gathering and
building up of His Church, and for
sitting and inclining this Man to this great
Work; to beseech Him to fill him with
His Holy Spirit, whom in His Name
we (fn. *) set apart to this Holy Service, to
fulfill the Work of his Ministry in all
Things, that he may both save himself
and the People committed to his Charge.
"Eighthly, This or the like Form of Prayer or
Blessing being ended, let the Minister who
preached briefly exhort him to consider the
Greatness of his Office and Work, the Danger of Negligence both to himself and his
People, the Blessing which will accompany
his Faithfulness in this Life and that to come;
withal let him exhort the People, and charge
them in the Name of God, willingly to receive and acknowledge him as the Minister
of Christ, and to maintain, encourage, and
assist him, in all the Parts of his Office; and
so by Prayer commending both him and his
Flock to the Grace of God, after the singing
of a Psalm, let the Assembly be dismissed with
"Ninthly, Let such as are, or shall be, chosen
or appointed for the Service of Army, Navy,
Colleges, or other Charge, be ordained as
aforesaid, in such Church as the Classical
Presbytery to which they shall address themselves shall think fit; and such Alterations
made by the Minister that ordaineth, from
the Exhortation last before prescribed, as
the Circumstance of Place and Person shall
"Tenthly, Let every one which is, or shall be,
chosen or appointed for any Place or Congregation, not being at that Time within the
Bounds of any Classical Presbytery, be ordained by that Classis of Presbyters which he
shall address himself unto, or by Five or
any greater Number of Ministers of the Word,
to be sent from that Presbytery; which Ordination is to be performed according to the
Rules and Directions before prescribed, as
far as with Safety and Conveniency may be.
"And be it further Ordained, by the said Lords
and Commons, and by the Authority aforesaid, That
every Person formerly ordained a Presbyter, according to the Form of Ordination which hath been
held in the Church of England, and is to be removed
to another Charge, do bring to the Presbytery where
he is to be placed, if there be any, and if not, then
to some other Presbytery, a Testimonial of his Ordination, and of his Abilities and Conversation, whereupon his Fitness for that Place to which he is to be
removed shall be tried by his Preaching there, and
(if it shall be judged necessary) by a further Examination; and so, without any new Ordination, he shall
be admitted, if he be approved, as fit for that Place;
and if any Person ordained Minister in Scotland, or
in any other Reformed Church, be designed to a Congregation in England, he is to bring from that Church,
to the Presbytery where he is to be placed, if there
be any, and if not, then to some other Presbytery,
a sufficient Testimonial of his Ordination, of his Life
and Conversation while he lived with them, and of
the Causes of his Removal, and to undergo such a
Trial of his Fitness and Sufficiency, and to have the
same Course held with him in other Particulars, as is
set down in the foregoing Rule and Provision, touching the Examination and Admission of Persons formerly ordained in England.
"And it is further Ordained, That Records he carefully kept, by the Register to be nominated by the
Presbytery, of the Names of the Persons ordained,
with their Testimonials, of the Time and Place of their
Ordination, and of the Ministers who did ordain them,
and of the Charge to which they are appointed; and
that no Money, or Gift of what Kind soever, shall
be received from the Person to be ordained, or from
any on his Behalf, for Ordination, or aught else belonging to it, by the Presbytery, or any of them, or
any appertaining to any of them, upon what Pretence
soever, except to the Register, for the Entry, Instruments, and Testimonial of his Ordination, which shall
not exceed the Sum of Ten Shillings for each Person
"And it is yet further Ordained, by the Authority
aforesaid, That all Persons who shall be ordained
Presbyters according to this Directory shall be for
ever reputed and taken, to all Intents and Purposes,
for lawful and sufficiently-authorized Ministers of the
Church of England, and as capable of any Ministerial
Employment in the Church, with the Rights and
Profits belonging thereunto, as any other Presbyters
whatsoever already ordained, or hereafter to be ordained; and that all Presbyters who are hereby
appointed and authorized to ordain, and shall (according to this present Directory) ordain any One or
more Presbyters, are hereby declared to perform an
acceptable Service to this Church and Kingdom, and
shall have the Protection of both Houses of Parliament for their Indemnity. And what Presbytery
soever, being in due Manner desired, shall, without
just and true Cause, refuse or defer to ordain any
Presbyter whom by the Rules and Direction of this
Ordinance they ought to ordain, or shall omit or
neglect to observe the Solemnity of Ordination in
that decent and grave and godly Manner as is
meet, it is hereby declared, That they are guilty of
a very great Offence, and deserve severe Punishment.
"The Power of Synodical Assemblies.
"1. That Synodical Assemblies, whether Provincial
or National, consisting of Pastors, Teachers, ChurchGovernors, and other fit Persons (when it shall be
deemed expedient), where they have a lawful Calling
thereunto, have Ecclesiastical Power and Authority
to judge and determine Controversies of Faith and
Cases of Conscience, according to the Word.
"2. They may also excommunicate, and dispense
other Church Censures, in Cases that are orderly
brought before them.
"Of Church Censures; and First, of Suspension
from the Sacrament.
"1. That the several Elderships respectively, within
their respective Bounds and Limits, have Power to
suspend from the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper
all ignorant and scandalous Persons, within the Rules
hereafter following, and according to the said Rules
Rules and Directions concerning Suspension
from the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper, in Cases of Ignorance.
"1. All such Persons who shall be admitted to
the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper ought
to know, that there is a God; that there is
but One Ever-living and True God, Maker of
Heaven and Earth, and Governor of all
Things; that this only True God is the God
whom we worship; that this God is but One
God, yet Three distinct Persons, the Father,
Son, and Holy Ghost, all equally God.
"That God created Man after His own Image,
in Knowledge, Righteousness, and true Holiness; that by One Man Sin entered into the
World, and Death by Sin, and so Death
passed upon all Men, for that all have sinned; that thereby they are all dead in Trespasses and Sins, and are by Nature the Children of Wrath, and so liable to Eternal Death,
the Wages of every Sin.
"That there is but One Mediator betwixt God
and Man, the Man Christ Jesus, who is
also over all, God blessed for ever; neither
is there Salvation in any other.
"That He was conceived by the Holy Ghost,
and born of the Virgin Mary; that He died
upon the Cross, to save His People from
their Sins; that He rose again the Third
Day from the Dead, ascended into Heaven,
sits at the Right Hand of God, and makes
continual Intercession for us, of whose Fulness we receive all Grace necessary to Salvation.
"That Christ and His Benefits are applied only
by Faith; that Faith is the Gift of God; and
that we have it not of ourselves, but it is
wrought in us by the Word and Spirit of
"That Faith is that Grace whereby we believe
and trust in Christ, for Remission of Sins
and Life Everlasting, according to the Promises of the Gospel; that whosoever believes
not on the Son of God, shall not see Life,
but shall perish eternally.
"That they who truly repent of their Sins do see
them, sorrow for them, and turn from them
to the Lord; and that, except Men repent,
they shall surely perish.
"That a godly Life is conscionably ordered, according to the Word of God, in Holiness
and Righteousness, without which no Man
shall see God.
"That the Sacraments are Seals of the Covenant
of Grace, in the Blood of Christ; that the
Sacraments of the New Testament are Baptism
and the Lord's Supper; that the outward
Elements in the Lord's Supper are Bread
and Wine, and do signify the Body and
Blood of Christ crucisied, which the worthy
Receiver by Faith doth partake of in this
Sacrament, which Christ hath likewise ordained for the Remembrance of His Death;
that whosoever eats and drinks unworthily is
guilty of the Body and Blood of the Lord;
and therefore that every one is to examine
himself, lest he eat and drink Judgement to
himself, not discerning the Lord's Body.
"That the Souls of the Faithful, after Death, do
immediately live with Christ in Blessedness;
and that the Souls of the Wicked do immediately go into Hell Torment; that there
shall be a Resurrection of the Bodies, both of
the Just and Unjust, at the last Day, at which
Time all shall appear before the Judgement
Seat of Christ, to receive according to what
they have done in the Body, whether it be
Good or Evil; and that the Righteous shall
go into Life Eternal, and the Wicked into
"2. Those who have a competent Measure of
Understanding concerning the Matters contained in these Articles shall not be kept back from
the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper for Ignorance; and the Examination and Judgement of such Persons as shall, for their Ignorance of the aforesaid Points of Religion,
not be admitted to the Sacrament of the
Lord's Supper, is to be in the Power of the
Eldership of every Congregation.
"Rules and Directions concerning Suspension from the Sacrament of the Lord's
Supper, in Cases of Scandal.
"1. That the several and respective Elderships
shall have Power to suspend from the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper all seandalous
Persons hereafter mentioned, appearing to be
such upon just Proof made thereof, in such
Manner as by this present Ordinance is hereafter appointed; that is to say, all Persons
that shall blasphemously speak or write any
Thing of God, His Holy Word or Sacraments; all Renouncers of the true Protestant
Religion prosessed in the Church of England;
and all Persons that shall by Preaching or
Writing maintain any such Errors as do subvert any of those Articles the Ignorance
whereof doth render any Person excluded
from the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper;
an incestuous Person, an Adulterer, a Fornicator, a Drunkard, a prophane Swearer or
Curser; one that hath taken away the Life of
any Person maliciously; all Worshipers of
Images, Crosses, Crucifixes, or Relicks; all
that shall make any Images or Pictures of
the Trinity, or of any Person thereof; all
Religious Worshipers of Saints, Angels,
or any mere Creatures; any Person that
shall prosess himself not to be in Charity
with his Neighbours; all Persons in whom
Malice appears, and they refuse to be reconciled; any Person that shall challenge any
other Person, by Word, Message, or Writing, to fight, or that shall accept such Challenge, and agree thereto; any Person that
shall knowingly carry any Challenge, by
Word, Message, or Writing; any Person that
shall, upon the Lord's-day, use any Dancing,
Playing at Dice or Cards, or any other Game,
Masking, Wakes, Shooting, Bowling, Playing,
Playing at Foot-ball, Stool-ball, Wrestling; or
that shall make or resort unto any Plays, Interludes, Fencing, Bull-baiting, or Bear-baiting;
or that shall use Hawking, Hunting, or
Coursing, Fishing, or Fowling; or that shall
publicly expose any Wares to Sale, otherwise
than is provided by an Ordinance of Parliament of the Sixth of April, 1644; any Person that shall travel on the Lord's-day, without reasonable Cause; any Person that keepeth a known Stews or Brothel house, or that
shall solicit the Chastity of any Person for
himself or any other; any Person, Father or
Mother, that shall consent to the Marriage
of their Child to a Papist, or any Person that
shall marry a Papist; any Person that shall
repair for any Advice to any Witch, Wizard,
or Fortune-teller; any Person that shall menace or assault his Parents, or any Magistrate,
Minister, or Elder, in the Execution of his
Office; any Person that shall be legally attained of Barratry, Forgery, Extortion, or
"2. That the Eldership of every Congregation shall
have Power to examine any Person complained
of for any Matter of Scandal aforesaid; and,
upon Consession of the Party before the Eldership to have committed such an Offence,
to suspend any such Person from the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper; and the Eldership of every Congregation shall examine
upon Oath such Witnesses as shall be produced before them, either for the acquitting
or condemning of the Party accused of any
of the said scandalous Crimes aforesaid, not
Capital; and the Eldership of every Congregation shall judge the Matter of Scandal aforesaid, being not Capital, upon the Testimony
of Two credible Witnesses at the least.
"3. That the several and respective Elderships,
in their several and respective Proceedings,
shall observe these ensuing Cautions:
"1. That Cognizance and Examination of
any Capital Offence shall be by the Magistrate thereunto appointed by the Law
of the Kingdom, who, if he shall commit the Party questioned to Prison, or
secure him or her by Bail, he shall thereof make Certificate unto the Eldership
of the Congregation where he or she
did last reside, or to any other Eldership, who shall thereupon have Power
to suspend the Party from the Sacrament
of the Lord's Supper.
"2. The Presbytery, or Eldership, shall not
have Cognizance of any Thing wherein
any Matter of Payment, Contract, or
Demand, is concerned; or of any Matter of Conveyance, Title, Interest, or
Property, in Lands or Goods.
"3. No Use shall be made of any Consession or Proof made before the Eldership, at any Trial at Law of any Person
for any Offence.
"4. That if any Person shall commit any
scandalous Offence (not enumerated in
this Ordinance) upon the Day of the
Administration of the Sacrament of the
Lord's Supper, in the Face of the Congregation after it is assembled, the Minister of that Congregation shall forbear
to administer the Sacrament to such a
Person for that Time; and he shall
forthwith certify the said Offence and
Forbearance unto the Committee of
Lords and Commons hereafter mentioned; and, upon Certificate so made,
the said Committee shall proceed thereupon as in other Cases not enumerated.
"5. That if any Member of a Congregation shall, by virtue of this Ordinance
of Parliament, either for Ignorance or
for any Offence of Scandal, be suspended from the Sacrament of the Lord's
Supper, and, being so suspended, shall
offer himself to any other Congregation, to receive the Sacrament of the
Lord's Supper together with them, the
Ministers and Elders of such Congregation, having Notice of such Suspension,
shall not, without Certificate from the
Congregation whereof he is a Member,
that his Suspension is taken off, admit
him unto the Sacrament.
"6. That any Minister of a Congregation may
be suspended from giving or receiving,
and any Elder from receiving, the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper, for the
same Causes, and in the same Manner,
and have the like Benefit of Appeal, as
any other Person may by this Ordinance; and after such Suspension of the
Elder from the Sacrament, the Elder so
suspended shall not execute that Office
during his Suspension, until the Appeal
be determined; and if, upon Appeal,
that Suspension appear to have been just,
then another to be chosen in his Place.
"7. That, in case of such Suspension of
any Minister, the Classis whereunto the
said Congregation doth belong shall appoint some fit Person or Persons, for
the Supply of that Place, during such
Suspension; and shall have Power to
allow convenient Maintenance for that
End, out of the Profits belonging to the
Minister so suspended, and have hereby
Power to sequester and employ the same
for that Purpose.
"8. That, in all Cases of Suspension of any
Person from the Sacrament, the Party
suspended (upon Manifestation of his or
her Repentance before the Eldership by
whom the Party was suspended) shall
be admitted again unto the Sacrament
of the Lord's Supper; and the Suspension thenceforth shall be void.
"And because the Lords and Commons in Parliament assembled having it always in their Purpose
and Intention, and it being accordingly declared and
resolved, That all Sorts of notorious scandalous Offenders shall be suspended from the Sacrament: Be
it Ordained, That Algernon Earl of Northumberland,
Henry Earl of Kent, John Earl of Rutland, Philip
Earl of Pembroke and Montgomery, Theophilus Earl of
Lincoln, Charl's Earl of Notingham, James Earl of
Suffolk, William Earl of Salisbury, John Earl of
Bridgewater, Robert Earl of Warwick, Bazil Earl of
Denbigh, James Earl of Middlesex, Edward Earl of
Manchester, Edmund Earl of Mulgrave, Henry Earl
of Stamford, Walter Viscount Hereford, William
Lord Viscount Say and Seal, George Lord Berkley,
Francis Lord Dacres, Philip Lord Wharton, Charles
Lord De la Ware, Dudley Lord North, John Lord
Hunsdon, Charls, Lord Stanhope, Edward, Lord
Mountague, William Lord Grey of Wark, John
Lord Roberts, William Lord Maynard, Edward
Lord Howard of Escrich, Thomas Lord Bruce;
Francis Rous, Edmund Prideaux, Esquires, Sir Henry
Vane Senior, John Glyn Esquire, Recorder of London, Sir Robert Harley, Bulstrode Whitlock, Humphrey Salaway, Esquires, John Wilde Serjeant at Law,
Oliver St. Johns Esquire His Majesty's Solicitor, Sir
Benjamin Rudyard Knight, Mr. Tate, Sir John Clotworthy Knight, John Maynard Esquire, Sir Henry
Vane Junior, Knight, William Pierrepont, William
Wheeler, Esquires, Sir William Masham, Walter Yong,
Sir John Evelyn Knight, John Selden, Samuel Brown,
Esquires, Sir William Strickland, Walter Long, Herbert
Morley, George Snelling, Esquires, Sir Harbottle Grimston Baronet, John Boyse, Richard Shuttleworth,
Esquires, Sir John Danvers, John Crew Esquire, Sir
Anthony Irby, Sir John Holland, Luke Robinson, Thomas
Westrow, Denzil Hollis, Henry Lucas, Esquires, Sir
John Dreydon, Robert Reynolds Esquire, Sir Thomas
Middleton, Robert Jennor, Henry Oxenden, Esquires,
Sir Gilbert Gerrard, Sir John Burgoyn, Sir Edward
Ayscough, John Swynfen Esquire, Sir Henry Heyman,
Edward Leigh Esquire, Sir Thomas Wroth, Samuel
Got Esquire, Sir John Bamfield, John Palmer Doctor
of Physic, Laurence Whitacre Esquire, Sir Arthur
Hesilrige, Sir Dudley North, Sir William Waller,
Nathanael Bacon, Richard Edwards, Luke Hodges,
Esquires, Sir William Lewis, Francis Allen, Giles
Green, John Gourdon, Denis Bond, Esquires, Sir Peter
Wentworth, Sir Samuel Luke, Edward Bainton Esquire,
Richard Salaway Junior, Simon Theloal, Oliver Cromwel, Esquires, Isaac Penington Esquire, Alderman of
the City of London, John Ven Esquire, John Bond
Doctor of Law, Sir Richard Onslow, Sir William
Armyn, William Ayscough, George Abbot, Cornelius
Holland, John Blakiston, Esquires, Lord Herbert, Sir
Walter Erle, Henry Marten Esquire, Sir Thomas
Dacres, Richard Brown, William Ellis, John Lisle,
William Ashburst, Esquires, Sir John Trevor, Sir
Nathanael Barnardiston, Thomas Lord Wenman, Sir
Martin Lumley, Samuel Vasel, Jervis Pigot, John
Hutchinson, Thomas Hatcher, James Fiennes, Valentine
Walton, John Stephens, Esquires, Sir John Evelyn of
Surrey, Thomas Scot, Thomas Pury, Henry Peck,
Thomas Hodges of Glocestershire, Will. Leman, Richard
Winwood, John Lowry, Esquires, Sir Martin Lister,
Sir Edmund Fowel, Robert Wallop, Richard Whitehead,
Nathanael Hallows, Robert Brewster, Esquires, Sir
Edward Hungerford, Richard Norton Esquire, Sir
Thomas Barnardiston, Sir Thomas Trenchard, Miles
Corbet Esquire, Sir Henry Mildmay, Thomas Atkins
Esquire, Alderman of the City of London, Charls
Lord Cranborn, Roger Hill Esquire, Sir John Barrington, John Trenchard Esquire, Sir John Corbet, Alexander Popham Esquire, Sir John Cook, John Nut, Ralph
Ashton, Richard Barwis, William Armyn, Richard
Tolson, Esquires, Sir Henry Cholmley, Sir Thomas Widdrington, George Fenwick, Edmund Ludlow, Lillybone
Long, Francis Drake, Esquire, Sir Michael Livesey,
Edward Stephens Esquire, Sir William Spring, James
Herbert, Henry Laurence, John Roll, Thomas Sandys,
Esquires, Sir Thomas Malyvaret, Sir William Litton,
Nathanael Fiennes, Wil. Purefoy, Esquires, Sir Job.
Palgrave, Sir John Pots, Job. Doddridge, Job. Nelthorp, Richard Rose, Will. Priestley, Tho. Grove,
Esquires, or any Nine of them, shall be a Committee
of Lords and Commons, to adjudge and determine
scandalous Offences not formerly enumerated; and
the Elderships shall proceed in the Examinations of
such scandalous Offences, according to the Cautions
and Restrictions mentioned herein; and the said Committee shall have such Power, and shall proceed in
such Sort, as is hereafter mentioned: If any notorious
and scandalous Offence, not formerly enumerated, be
committed by any within any Eldership, and so after
full Proof shall be found before the Eldership, who
shall have Power to examine Proofs and Witnesses
on both Sides; in case both the Elderships and the
Party complained of do agree the Proofs and Examinations to be duly taken, the said Eldership shall
forthwith certify the said Offence, with the Proofs, to
the said Committee of Parliament, who shall with
all convenient Speed determine and adjudge the same:
But in case the Party accused shall find himself
grieved, either by the Not-examination or undue
Examination of Witnesses, or misentering of the Depositions; in such case, he shall forthwith declare the
same to the Eldership, who shall relieve him if there
be Cause; which if they shall not do, then the Three
Justices of Peace next to the Parish whereof the Party
complained of is a Member, or any Two of them,
not being of the same Eldership before whom the
Complaint lies, shall have Power, and are hereby enabled and required, forthwith to examine, upon Oath,
the said Witnesses that were not examined, or were
misexamined, or whose Depositions were misentered,
and with all convenient Speed return the Examination to the said Committee of Parliament; and in
case the said Justices, or any Two of them, do not
finish their Examination within Six Days after the
Cause shall be presented unto them, the Party shall
abstain until they have finished, and certified their
Examinations; and the said Committee, upon hearing the whole Matter from the Eldership and Justices,
or either of them, shall adjudge whether the same bé
a notorious and scandalous Offence, and so proved, or
no; in case the said Committee shall not adjudge and
determine the Case within Fourteen Days after the
Receipt of the Certificate to them made, the Party
against whom the said Certificate shall be made shall
abstain from the Sacrament, until the Committee
shall determine the same, unless in the mean Time
the Party shall shew his Repentance for the said Ofsence, and thereof give Satisfaction to the Eldership:
And if the said Committee shall adjudge the same
not to be a scandalous Offence, or not well proved,
the said Party shall be admitted to the Sacrament;
and if they shall adjudge the same to be a scandalous
Offence, and so proved, he shall not be admitted to
the Sacrament, until he shall have testified his Repentance to the Eldership.
"And be it further Ordained, That the Eldership
shall either give personal Notice to the Party complained of before them, or else leave Notice in Writing at his Dwelling-place, of the Time and Place
when and where they will examine Witnesses against
him, and also of the Time that they will make their
Certificate to the Committee of Parliament; and in
case Information shall be given to the Eldership of a
notorious and scandalous Offence committed by any
within their Eldership, they shall forthwith proceed
to the Examination thereof; and if they cannot finish
their Examination till the Week before the Sacrament, and they shall then find by sufficient Proof that
he hath committed a notorious and scandalous Offence, and yet they cannot certify the same before the
Sacrament, it being to be administered within a Week
after; in such Case, the Party shall abstain from the
Sacrament for the next Time only, unless the Committee of Parliament, to whom the same is to be certified, shall adjudge the same a notorious and scandalous Offence, and so proved, for which he ought to
be kept from the Sacrament; and in such Case, upon
the testifying of his Repentance to the Eldership,
he shall be again restored to the Sacrament, and not
"And be it further Ordained, if any shall find themselves aggrieved with the Judgement against him given
by the said Committee, they shall appeal from thence
to both Houses of Parliament, if they see Cause.
"And be it Ordained, That the Committee to whom
the said Certificate shall be made as aforesaid shall
report to both Houses the said several Cases to them
certified, and their Judgements thereupon, that so the
Offences not yet enumerated may be added to the
Enumeration, in case the Houses shall so think fit;
and, in their Reports, they shall take Care that they
first report those Certificates, and their Opinions
thereupon, wherein they at any Time shall differ
from the Eldership.
"Be it further Ordained, That these Rules and Instructions following be carefully observed, by the
respective Elderships, in the dispensing of this Censure of Suspension from the Sacrament of the Lord's
1. That none be suspended from the Sacrament
before Admonition, unless the Commission of
the Sin, or the Information thereof to the
Elders, be so immediately before the Time
of the Administration of the Sacrament, that
there be no Space for Admonition.
"2. That Offences which are private be not
brought unto the Eldership, unless the Offender be privately admonished, and is not
amended by such private Admonition.
"3. That, in all Cases, the Eldership specially
labour to convince the Person offending, of
the Sinfulness of that which is proved against
him; and then of the Aggravations, as they
shall be needful.
"4. That if they shall see Cause to judge, after
the pressing of it upon his Conscience, that
he yet remains unconvinced that it is a Sin,
and therefore doth not express any Repentance for it, but not out of Stubbornness
and Obstinacy, then they are not to suspend
him from the Sacrament, until further Endeavours have been used to convince him,
unless it appear that his Admission would be
scandalous to the Congregation.
5. That, in lesser Offences brought before the
Eldership, they proceed with special Lenity,
as in greater with special Zeal, and so accordingly be more slow or quick in censuring those that are found guilty, and more
facile or wary in admitting Expressions of Repentance.
"6. That if, upon Admonition, the Offender shall
give Evidence of his Repentance, so as the
Elders shall be satisfied, and the Parties offended can justly except nothing against it,
let him not be kept from the Sacrament;
but if he repent not, but remain obstinate,
let him be suspended from the Sacrament,
according to the Directions beforementioned.
"7. That if any Man accuse another for a scandalous Crime unjustly, the Eldership shall not
only clear the wronged Person, but take
Care that the Accuser may make such Acknowledgement as the Eldership shall advise,
according to the Nature of the Fact.
8. That, in all Offences brought before the
Eldership, they are to be careful to keep the
Matter as secret as they can, even though
they be forced to proceed to Suspension; and
not to make it more public than the Nature
of the Fact and the Impenitency of the
Person doth constrain them.
9. In case any should be censured in the particular Congregation whereof he is a Member,
he may presently appeal to the Classical Presbytery, or further if it be requisite; where
not only himself may be cleared and righted,
but such as have done the Injury may be
censured: Yet, pendente Lite, let him abstain
from the Sacrament.
Of Excommunication, and the Course of
The Order of proceeding with Offenders, who before Excommunication manifest Repentance.
1. When the Offence is private, private Admonition is in all Wisdom and Love to be observed, that
the Offender may either be recovered by Repentance,
or, if he add Obstinacy or Contempt to his Fault,
he may be cut off by Excommunication.
2. If the Sin be publicly scandalous, and the Sinner, being examined, be judged to have Signs of
unseigned Repentance, and nothing justly objected
against it when made known unto the People; let
him be admitted to public Confession of his Sin,
and Manifestation of his Repentance before the Congregation.
3. When the Penitent is brought before the Congregation, the Minister is to declare his Sin, whereby he hath provoked God's Wrath, and offended
His People; his Confession of it, and Profession of
unseigned Repentance for it, and of his Resolution
(through the Strength of Christ) to sin no more;
and his Desire of their Prayers for Mercy and Grace,
to be kept from falling again into that or any the like
Sin; of all which the Penitent is to make a full and
free Expression, according to his Ability.
4. Which being done, the Minister, after Prayer
to God for the Penitent, is to admonish him to walk
circumspectly, and the People to make a right Use
of his Fall and Rising again; and so to declare that
the Congregation resteth satisfied.
The Order of Proceeding to Excommunication.
1. Excommunication being a shutting-out of a
Person from the Communion of the Church (and
therefore the greatest and last Censure of the Church),
let it be inflicted with great and mature Deliberation, and after all other good Means have been essayed.
"2. That such Errors as subvert the Faith, or any
other Errors which overthrow the Power of Godliness, if the Party who holds them spread them,
seeking to draw others after him; and such Sins in
Practice as cause the Name and Truth of God to
be blasphemed, and cannot stand with the Power
of Godliness; and such Practices as in their own
Nature manifestly subvert that Order, Unity, and
Peace, which Christ hath established in His Church;
and particularly all those scandalous Sins for which
any Person is to be suspended from the Sacrament
of the Lord's Supper, obstinately persisted in; these
being publicly known, to the just Scandal of the
Church, the Sentence of Excommunication may and
ought to proceed, according to the Directions hereafter following.
3. But the Persons who hold other Errors in Judgement, about Points wherein learned and godly Men
possibly may or do differ, and which subvert not the
Faith, nor are destructive to Godliness, or that be
guilty of such Sins of Infirmity as are commonly
found in the Children of God, or, being otherwise
found in the Faith and holy in Life (and so not
falling under Censure by the former Rules), endeavour to keep the Unity of the Spirit in the Bond
of Peace; and do yet out of Conscience not come
up to the Observation of all those Rules which are
or shall be established by Authority for regulating
the outward Worship of God, and Government of His
Church, the Sentence of Excommunication for these
Causes shall not be denounced against them.
4. That, when the Sin becomes public and justly
scandalous, the Offender shall be dealt withal by the
Eldership, to bring him to Repentance, and to such
a Manifestation thereof as that his Repentance may
be public as the Scandal; but, if he remain obstinate, he is at last to be excommunicated, and in
the mean Time shall be suspended from the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper.
And whereas there be divers and various Judgements touching the Power of Excommunication, and
the proper Subject thereof; for the clearing of Difficulties, avoiding of Offences, and Preservation of
Peace, let these following Directions be observed:
In the great and difficult Cases of Excommunication, whether concerning Doctrine or Conversation,
the Classical Presbytery, upon the Knowledge thereof;
may examine the Person, consider the Nature of the
Offence, with the Aggravations thereof; and, as
they shall see just Cause, may decern and declare
that he is to be excommunicated; which shall be
done by the Eldership of that Congregation whereof
he is a Member, with the Consent of the Congregation, in this or the like Manner:
1. As there shall be Cause, several public Admonitions shall be given to the Offender (if
he appears), and Prayers made for him.
2. When the Offence is so heinous, that it
cries to Heaven for Vengeance, wasteth the
Conscience, and is generally scandalous, the
Censures of the Church may proceed with
3. In the Admonitions, let the Fact be charged
upon the Offender, with the clear Evidence
of the Guilt thereof; then let the Nature of
his Sin, the particular Aggravations of it, the
Punishment and Curses threatened against it,
the Danger of Impenitency, especially after
such Means used, the woeful Condition of
them cast out from the Favour of God and
Communion of the Saints, the great Mercy
of God in Christ to the Penitent, how
ready and willing Christ is to forgive, and
the Church to accept him, upon this his
serious Repentance: Let these or the like
Particulars be urged upon him, out of some
suitable Places of Holy Scriptures.
4. The same Particulars may be mentioned in
Prayer, wherein the Lord is to be intreated
to bless this Admonition to him, and to affect his Heart with the Consideration of these
Things, thereby to bring him unto Repentance.
5. If, upon the last Admonition and Prayer,
there be no Evidence nor Sign of his Repentance, let the dreadful Sentence of Excommunication be pronounced, with calling
upon the Name of God, in these or the like
Speak this in the Third Person, if the Party be absent.
"Whereas thou, N. hast been by sufficient Proof convinced of (here mention the Sin); and, after due Admonition and Prayer, remainest obstinate,
without any Evidence or Sign of true
Repentance: Therefore, in the Name of
the Lord Jesus Christ, and before
this Congregation, I pronounce and declare thee, N. excommunicated and
shut out from the Communion of the
Let the Prayer accompanying the Sentence be
to this Effect:
That God, who hath appointed this terrible Sentence, for removing of Offences,
and reducing of obstinate Sinners, would
be present with this His Ordinance, to
make it effectual to all those holy Ends
for which He hath appointed it; that the
retaining of the Offender's Sin, and shutting him out of the Church, may fill
him with Fear and Shame, and break
his obstinate Heart, and be a Means to
destroy the Flesh, and to recover him
from the Power of the Devil, that his
Spirit may be saved; that others also may
be stricken with Fear, and not dare to
sin so presumptuously; and that, all such
corrupt Leaven being purged out of the
Church (which is the House of God),
Jesus Christ might delight to dwell in
the Midst of them.
6. After the Denunciation of this Sentence, the
People are to be warned, that they hold him
to be cast out of the Communion of the
Church, and to shun all Communion with
him: Nevertheless, Excommunication dissolveth not the Bonds of Civil or Natural
Relations, nor exempteth from the Duties
belonging to them.
The Order of proceeding to Absolution.
If, after Excommunication, the Signs of Repentance appear in the excommunicated Person, such as,
godly Sorrow for Sin, as having thereby incurred
God's heavy Displeasure, occasioned Grief to his
Brethren, and justly provoked them to cast him out
of their Communion, together with a full Purpose of
Heart to turn from his Sin unto God, and to reform
what hath been amiss in him, with an humble Desire
of recovering his Peace with God and His People,
and to be restored to the Light of God's Countenance, and the Communion of the Church; let
him be brought before the Congregation, and there
also make a free Confession of his Sin, with Sorrow
for it, to call upon God for Mercy in Christ, to
seek to be restored to the Communion of the Church,
promising to God new Obedience, and to them more
holy and circumspect Walking, as becometh the
Gospel; let him be pronounced, in the Name of
Christ, absolved and free from the Censures of the
Church, and declared to have Right to all the Ordinances of Christ, with Praising of God for His
Grace; and Prayer, that he may be fully accepted to
his Favour, and hear Joy and Gladness, to this
To praise God, who delighteth not in the Death
of a Sinner, but that he may repent and live;
for blessing the Ordinance of Excommunication, and making it effectual, by His Spirit,
to the Recovery of this Offender; to magnify the Mercy of God, through Jesus Christ,
in pardoning and receiving to His Favour
the most grievous Offenders, whensoever they
unfeignedly repent and forsake their Sins; to
pray for Assurance of Mercy and Forgiveness
to this Penitent, and so to bless his Ordinance
of Absolution, that he may find himself loosed
thereby; and that the Lord would henceforth
so uphold and strengthen him by His Spirit,
that, being sound in the Faith, and holy in all
Manner of Conversation, God may be honoured, the Church edified, and himself saved
in the Day of the Lord Jesus.
"Then shall follow the Sentence of Absolution, in these or the like Words:
"Whereas thou, N. hast for thy Sin been shut
out from the Communion of the Faithful,
and hast now manifested thy Repentance,
wherein the Church resteth satisfied: In the
Name of Jesus Christ, before this Congregation, I pronounce and declare thee absolved from the Sentence of Excommunication formerly denounced against thee; and do
receive thee to the Communion of the Church,
and the free Use of all the Ordinances of
Jesus Christ, that thou mayest be Partaker
of all His Benefits, to thy eternal Salvation.
After this Sentence of Absolution, let the Minister
speak to him as to a Brother, exhorting him to
watch and pray, or comforting him if there be Need:
Let the Eiders embrace him; and the whole Congregation hold Communion with him, as one of their
Die Martis, 29 August. 1648.
Ordered, by the Lords assembled in Parliament,
That the Form of Church Government, to be used
in the Church of England and Ireland, be forthwith
printed and published.
"Joh. Brown, Cler. Parliamentorum."
Letter from the King, accepting of the Treaty; and desiring One of His Grooms may have a Pass to Scotl.
"Carisbrooke, Monday the 28th of August, 1648.
"My Lord, and Mr. Speaker,
I have received your Letter of the 25th of this
Month, with the Votes that you sent Me; which
though they are not so full as I could have wished
for the perfecting of a Treaty, yet, because I conceive
by what you have done that I am in some Measure fit to begin one; such is My uncessant and
earnest Desire to give a Peace to these My now distracted Dominions, as I accept of the Treaty; and
therefore desire that such Five Lords and Ten Commoners as My Two Houses shall appoint be speedily
sent, fully authorized and instructed to treat with
Me; not doubting but what is now wanting will
(at our Meeting upon Debate) be fully supplied,
not only to the Furtherance of this Treaty, but also
to the consummating of a safe and well-grounded
Peace. So I rest
"Your good Friend,
"Here inclosed I have sent you the List that
ye have desired. I desire, in order to
One of your Votes, that you will send
Me a Free Pass for Parsons, One of the
Grooms of My Presence Chamber, to go
into Scotland; and that ye would immediately send him to Me, to receive the
"For the Earl of Manchester Speaker
of the House of Peers pro Tempore, and William Lenthall Speaker
of the House of Commons."
Persons desired by the King to attend Him.
"Duke of Richmond,
Earl of Lindsey,
Earl of Scuth'ton,
|Gentlemen of My Bedchamber.
|Grooms of My Bedchamber.
|Pages of My Back-stairs.
||Yeoman of My Robes.
Sir Ed. Sydenham,
|'Querries; with Four or Six of My Footmen, as they find fittest to wait.
|Mrs. Wheeler, Laundress, with such Maids as she will choose.
||A Groom of My Presence.
|Sir Foulke Grevill,
|To wait as they did, or as I shall appoint them.
Bishop of London,
Bishop of Salisbury,
Sir Thomas Gardiner,
Sir Or. Bridgman,
Sir Ro. Hobourne,
Mr. Je. Palmer,
Mr. Tho. Cooke,
Mr. Jo. Vaghan,
Sir Edward Warwick,
Mr. Ph. Warwick,
|Clerks and Writers.
"Peter Newton and Clem. Kinnersley, to make ready
the House for treating."
Letter from Col. Hammond, that the King has engaged not to leave the I. of Wight;-desiring an Explanation of his Instructions; and additional Forces, both Land and Sea, to be sent to the Island.
For the Right Honourable the Earl of Manchester, Speaker of the House of Peers
"I Yesterday received a Letter and Instructions from
both House of Parliament, by the Hands of Sir Peter
Killegrew (who also then presented another to His
Majesty); in Answer to which, I shall give your
Lordships this Account: That although I apprehended a great deal of Ambiguity in the said Instructions (comparing the first of them with the last),
which caused me to endeavour (as much as in me
lay) to defer the taking of His Majesty's Engagement until I might receive from the Parliament an
Explanation of my said Instructions (wherein I was
very importunate with His Majesty); yet His Majesty pressing me to receive His Engagement accordingly, as it was signified to Him in His Letter and
Votes from the Parliament; and lest any Obstruction
of the Treaty should seem to lie upon me, which His
Majesty told me (that in case of my such Delay) He
must charge me with; upon most serious Consideration (though in much Doubtfulness), I resolved it
my Duty to accept thereof: And accordingly His
Majesty hath given the Engagement of His Royal
Word to me (before Sir Peter Killegrew and other
Gentlemen), as is expressed in my last Instruction.
And this I now acquaint your Lordships with, in
order to your Commands; but withal I must let your
Lordships know, that, according to my best Understanding of my said Instructions, I am in as great or
greater Straights than before, what is intended by the
Parliament in "His Majesty's being in the same State
and Freedom as He was in when He was last at
Hampton Court;" I having not been there during His
Majesty's said last Residence in that Place: Which
makes me importune your Lordships, that more direct
and positive Instructions may be speeded unto me;
and that I may not be left unto Generals in a Matter
I no better understand. In the mean Time, I shall
apply myself as much as in me lies to as careful an
Observance of the Instruction as possibly may be.
His Majesty hath told me, and so hath divers of His
Servants who then and there attended Him, "That
there was no Prohibition to any whatever to come
unto Him;" which, according to the Limitations in
my last Instructions, I hold myself bound to observe:
And also all Communication of Letters to and from
any Place whatever was then (fn. *) hindered Him; and
His Majesty hath told me, "That He now expects
the same Freedom;" which I thought my Duty to
acquaint your Lordships with, and which I shall not
hinder, without particular Instructions to that Purpose. My Lords, If in any Thing I have mistaken
your Lordships Instructions, I beseech you to believe,
that if the Fault be not in the Ambiguity of the Instructions themselves, it is in my Disability to judge
them, and not through Want of Desire exactly to observe your Commands; and that your Lordships shall
ever find, when you please to give them me, so as I
may best let you know it. But, my Lords, I humbly beg Leave here again to importune your Lordships, that some better Provision may be made for
the great and weighty Affair yet upon my Hands,
by Commissioners of Parliament as formerly, or
otherwise as to your Lordships may seem best; and
this I desire, not so much by reason of the Burden
which hath so long and doth still so heavily press me,
but because of an Inability I find in myself to perform (to the best Advantages of your Lordships and
the Kingdom's Services) that Part which I yet see
behind in this my Employment. And truly (my
Lords) my Sense of this is such, that although, by
the great Blessing of God, beyond my Expectation
and Wonder, it hath pleased Him alone to carry me
well through the seeming worst Part of it; I hope, with
that due Respect to His Majesty and Faithfulness to
the Parliament's Commands as will now put to Shame
my many malicious Traducers; yet my earnest Desires are, That, for future, better Provision may be
made for this so great Concernment. But, my Lords,
however your Lordships shall please to determine me,
because of your Commands to me for the Security of
His Majesty's Person from being taken out of this
Island (in which Point, in these Times of Danger,
especially in regard of the revolted Ships, there cannot be too much Security), I humbly offer it, that, if
possible, a considerable Force of Shipping may be sent
out of Portsmouth, for the Guard of this Coast; if
not, that Two or Three of the least of them may be
ordered to ride at Places most convenient about the
Island, to command and examine Passage-boats, that
so during the Time of Treaty (to avoid the Confluence of People which otherwise will not be kept
off) no Persons whatever except Inhabitants of this
Island may be suffered to land, without sufficient
Passes; to which Purpose, I also intend to have strict
Guards upon every Landing-place: And further, that
your Lordships will give Order for the sending over
One Hundred Horse and Five Hundred Foot more (to
continue during the Time of Treaty), with sufficient
Provisions of Money, so that the Country may be
certainly preserved from being burdenend by them.
My Lords, I shall also acquaint your Lordships, That,
although the Votes of the 16th of November last are
positively taken off, yet I do not hear particularly
of the revoking those of the First of January, which
are more strict, for the securing His Majesty in this
Castle; besides some others to the same Effect, which,
as I also understand, are not taken off, but in the
general Vote of His Majesty's having the same Liberty as at Hampton Court; which I humbly offer to
your Lordships Consideration, and with it this also,
that Orders may be forthwith given for Horses and
Accommodations for His Majesty's Riding abroad.
My Lords, I humbly desire a speedy Answer in these
Particulars, to him who will be ever,
Carisbrooke Costle, 28th of Aug. 1648.
"Most humble and faithful Servant,
Order for 600 l. for Sleigh.
"Be it Ordained, by the Lords and Commons afsembled in Parliament, That the Sum of Six Hundred Pounds, for and towards the Pay of John
Sleigh Esquire, late Mayor of Barwick, as Pay-master
of the Garrison of Barwick, and of his Disbursements for the Parliament's Service, and his great
Losses sustained, and for his good Services done to
the Parliament, be, and hereby is, charged upon the
Moiety of the Receipts of the Grand Excise not yet
disposed of, in Course, together with Interest for the
same, after the Rate of Eight Pounds per Centum, at
the End of every Six Months, from the Date of
this Ordinance, until the Principal become due, to
be paid to the said John Sleigh, his Executors, Administrators, or Assigns; and the Commissioners of
Excise for the Time being are hereby authorized
and required to make Payment of the said Six Hundred Pounds and Interest accordingly, unto the said
John Sleigh, his Executors, Administrators, or Assigns, whose Receipt or Receipts, with this present
Ordinance, shall be a sufficient Discharge in that
E. of Lincoln & al. and Ly. Delawar.
"To the Right Honourable the Lords in Parliament assembled.
"The humble Petition of Isabella Baroness
Dowager De La Warr;
"That about a Month since, upon the Petition of
Earl of Lincolne, she received an Order from this
Honourable House, to put in her Answer to the
said Petition, concerning a Debt due from her to
his Lordship; which she accordingly did, notwithstanding that the said Earl had, by the Advice of
Counsel, formerly taken Security for that Debt; the
Time of which Payment is not yet come. Not long
after, this Honourable House was pleased, upon
another Petition from the Lord Colrane, to appoint
a Day to hear the Counsel on both Sides, concerning
the Matter of Privilege. The Day being come, by
reason of some urgent Affairs of this House, the
Counsel could not be heard. Since, upon the Petition
of one Drake, it pleased the House to make an Order that (finding (fn. *) "
House adjourned till 10a, Thursday Morning next.