DIE Jovis, 28 Septembris.
PRAYERS, by Mr. Rayner.
Domini præsentes fuerunt:
Comes Manchester, Speaker.
May, a Pass.
Ordered, That Mr. Adrian May shall have a Pass,
to go into the Isle of Wight.
Ordered, That Mr. Tho. Killegrewe shall have a
Pass, to come out of Holland.
Judkin, E. of Stamford's Servant, D°.
Ordered, That Mr. Edward Judkin, Servant to
the Earl of Stamford, shall have a Pass, to go (fn. *) to
Callice, or elsewhere in France.
Ordinance for Major Poe & al. to have the Benefit of Delinquents Estates, for their Arrears.
Upon reading the Petition of Major Wm. Poe and
other Officers; desiring, "to have the Benefit of the
Discovery of such Delinquents Estates as are not
discovered, towards their Arrears:"
And an Ordinance to this Purpose was read, and
passed; and ordered to be sent to the House of Commons for their Concurrence.
White, a Pass to the King.
Ordered, That John White, Yeoman Warder in
The Tower, shall have a Pass, to go into the Isle of
Wight, to attend the King, in the Place appointed him
by the Committee for the Revenue.
Halke and James.
Ordered, That the Cause between Halke and James
shall be heard, by Counsel on both Sides, Tuesday come
Fortnight; and then to make Proof of the Orders made
at the Committee of Plundered Ministers in this Cause.
Ordinance to remove Obstructions in the Sale of Bishops Lands.
The House was adjourned during Pleasure, to take
into Consideration the Ordinance of removing some
Obstructions in the Sale of Bishops Lands
The (fn. *) House being resumed;
The said Ordinance was read the Third Time, with
the Addition of the Committee of Lords.
And the Question being put, "Whether to agree
to this Ordinance with the Addition now
It was Resolved in the Affirmative.
Answer from the H. C.
Doctor Heath and Doctor Bennett return with this
Answer from the House of Commons:
That they agree to the Two Votes concerning Lieutenant General Crumwell, and to the safe Conduct to
be given for the Persons to come out of Scotland to the
Message from thence, with a Vote about the Treaty;- a Pass for Sir J. Carmichael; -with Ordinances;- and to remind the Lords of Wheeler's Order.
A Message was brought from the House of Commons, by Mr. Wheeler, &c.; who brought up divers
Particulars, wherein they desire their Lordships Concurrence:
1. A Vote concerning the Treaty. (Here enter it.)
The Question being put, "Whether to agree to
this Vote, as it is now brought up from the
House of Commons?"
It was Resolved in the Affirmative.
2. A safe Conduct for Sir James Carmichell Knight, to
come out of Scotland. (Here enter it.)
Agreed to; and ordered to be signed by the
Speakers of both Houses.
3. An Ordinance concerning Sequestrations in the
County of Yorke. (Here enter it.)
Read, and Agreed to.
4. An Ordinance for adding the Sum of One Hundred Twenty Pounds per Week to the former Allowance formerly made for Relief of the wounded Soldiers and the Widows. (Here enter it.)
Read, and Agreed to.
5. To put their Lordships in Mind of an Order formerly brought up, concerning Mr. John Wheeler.
The Answer returned was:
That concerning the Order touching Mr. Wheeler,
their Lordships will take it into Consideration, and will
send an Answer by Messengers of their own: To all
the rest of the Particulars, their Lordships agree to.
Howard, Leave to stay in Engl.
Ordered, That Mr. Thomas Howard shall have
Three Months longer to stay in England.
Ordinance to continue the Assessments for the Army.
Ordered, That the Ordinance for Assessment of the
Army shall be taken into Consideration the First Business To-morrow Morning.
No Proposition to be binding, of the Treaty breaks off.
"The Lords and Commons assembled in Parliament
do declare, That nothing that shall be put in Writing, concerning any Proposition, or Part of a Proposition, shall be binding, prejudicial, or in any
Manner made Use of, if the Treaty break off upon
any other Proposition, or Part of any Proposition,
unless it shall be otherwise especially agreed."
Pass for Sir J. Carmichael, from Scotl. to the King.
"Whereas Sir James Carmichell Knight, upon His
Majesty's Desire, is permitted by the Lords and Commons in Parliament assembled to attend His Majesty
in the Isle of Wight: These are therefore to will
and require you, to permit and suffer the said
Sir James Carmichell, with his menial Servants,
Horses, Necessaries, and Travelling Arms, freely
and peaceably to pass, through your respective Forces,
Guards, and Places, to the Isle of Wight aforesaid,
without any Lett, Molestation, or Interruption. And
for so doing, this shall be your sufficient Warrant.
"Dated at Westm'r, the 28th Day of September,
"To all Commanders in Chief, Officers, and
others whom these Presents may concern."
Ordinance for Sequestrations in Yorkshire to be applied for paying the new Militia and Forces raised there.
"Be it Ordained, by the Lords and Commons in
Parliament assembled, That the Sequestrations of
the Lands and Estates, within the County of Yorke,
of all and every such Person and Persons as already
are, or hereafter shall be, sequestered upon their
or any of their new Engagements against the Parliament, and all and every Fine and Fines that shall
be set upon such Person or Persons for his or their
Delinquency as aforesaid, upon any Composition to
be hereafter had with them, or any of them; and
it is also further hereby Ordered and Ordained,
That all the Arrears of the old Compositions of
Papists in the County of Yorke, for their Popish
Recusancy; shall be, and are hereby, assigned and
employed for and towards the Maintenance of the
new Militia and Forces newly raised aforesaid, in the
said County of Yorke, and for and towards the Maintenance of the new Militia in the City of Yorke,
and for carrying on and defraying of other Charges
in the City of Yorke and County of the same:
Provided always nevertheless, and it is further Ordered and Ordained, by the said Lords and Commons, That this Ordinance continue in Force only
until the Sum of Twelve Thousand Pounds be
raised, for the Payment and Maintenance of the
said Forces in the County of Yorke, and the Sum
of One Thousand Pounds for the Payment and
Maintenance of the new Militia and Forces, and
for discharging and carrying on other Charges in the
said City of Yorke and County of the same, and no
longer; any Thing in this present Ordinance contained to the contrary thereof in any Wise notwithstanding: Provided, That this Ordinance shall not
extend to any such Delinquents as Colonel Rosseter
shall nominate for his Two Thousand Pounds, according to former Order."
Ordinance for an Addition of 120 l. per Week to the former Allowance, for Relief of wounded Soldiers and Widows.
"Be it Ordered and Ordained, by the Lords and
Commons assembled in Parliament, That the Sum
of One Hundred and Twenty Pounds per Week be
added to the Allowance formerly allowed for Relief
of the sick and maimed Soldiers and Widows; and
that the same Weekly Sum of One Hundred and
Twenty Pounds be charged upon the Sequestrations
at Guildhall, London, the same to be paid Weekly,
from the 4th of July, 1648, to the Treasurers for
the sick and maimed Soldiers, whose Acquittances,
or the Acquittances of any Two of them, shall be a
sufficient Discharge to the Treasurers for Sequestrations in that Behalf; and that the Sum of One
Hundred Pounds per Week, charged upon the Receipts of the Excise, the 4th of July, 1648, for
Relief of the sick and maimed Soldiers and Widows,
be, and is hereby, discharged: Provided, and it is
hereby Declared and Ordained, by the Authority
aforesaid, That if any Person, Widow, or others,
that are provided for, either by this or former Ordinances, by Weekly Pensions or otherwise, shall,
notwithstanding, solicit the House with their Clamours, and frequent the Doors and Passages to the
Houses, to the Dishonour and Disturbance of them
in their Proceedings, all such Persons so offending
shall, from such Time as they shall be taken Notice
of so doing, have all Pension or other Relief afforded
them by the Parliament surceased, and taken from
them; and, upon Notice thereof to the Treasurers,
they are hereby required to forbear the Payment of
any further Allowance to any such."
Pass to be granted for Persons from Scotl. to go to the King.
"Ordered, by the Lords and Commons assembled
in Parliament, That a safe Conduct be granted to Sir
James Carmichell; and that Mr. Richard Parsons
may have a Pass, to go with it into Scotland, and
return; and that if the Committee of the Parliament of Scotland shall desire safe Conducts for Two
or Three Persons not liable to Exceptions, to come
and attend the King, that, upon Return of the
Names of such to the Houses, safe Conducts shall
be granted, according to former Order."
Owen to be instituted to Remenham.
Ordered, That Doctor Aylett give Institution and
Induction to William Owen Clerk, to the Rectory of
Remenbam, in Com. Berks, now void; salvo Jure, &c.:
Presentation under the Great Seal of England.
(fn. *) "The Transactions of several Matters between Lieutenant General Cromwel and
the Scots, for surrendering the Towns
of Berwick, Carlisle, and all other Garrisons belonging to the Kingdom of
England: Together with the Reasons
of Lieutenant General Cromwel's entering the Kingdom of Scotland, to assist
the Marquis of Argyle.
Letter from Gen. Cromwell, that he has entered Scotland;-and his Reasons for it;-and with the following Papers.
"To the Right Honourable the Committee of
Lords and Commons, at Derby-House.
"My Lords and Gentlemen,
"I did from Alnwick write to Sir William Armyn
an Account of our Condition, and recommended to
him divers particular Considerations about your Affairs here in the North, with Desire of particular
Things to be done by your Lordships Appointment,
in order to the carrying on of your Affairs. I send
you here inclosed a Copy of the Summons that
was sent to Barwick, when I was come as far as
Alnwick; as also of a Letter written to the Committee of Estates of Scotland; I mean, those who we
did presume were convened as Estates, and were
the Men that managed the Business of the War:
But there being (as I hear since) none such, the Earl
of Roxbrough and some others having deserted, so
that they are not able to make a Committee, I believe the said Letter is suppressed, and retained in
the Hands of Colonel Bright and Mr. William Rowe,
for whom we obtained a safe Convoy, to go to the
Estates of that Kingdom with our said Letter; the
Governor of Barwick's Answer to our Summons
leading us thereunto: By Advantage whereof, we
did instruct them to give all Assurance to the Marquis of Argyle, and the honest Party in Scotland
(who we heard were gathered together in a considerable Body about Edenburgh, to make Opposition to the Earl of Lanerick, Monro, and their Armies), of our good Affection to them; wherewith
they went the Sixteenth of this Month.
"Upon the 17th of this Month, Sir Andrew Car
and Major Straugban, with divers other Scottish Gentlemen, brought me this inclosed Letter, signed by
the Lord Chancellor of Scotland, as your Lordships
will see. They likewise shewed me their Instructions,
and a Paper containing the Matter of their Treaty
with Lanerick and Monro; as also an Expostulation
upon Lanerick's Breach with them, in falling upon
Argyle and his Men contrary to Agreement; wherein
the Marquis of Argyle hardly escaped, they having
Hold of him; but Seven Hundred of his Men were
killed and taken. These Papers also I send here
inclosed to your Lordships. So soon as these Gentlemen came to me, I called a Council of War; the
Result whereof was the Letter directed to the Lord
Chancellor, a Copy whereof your Lordships have
also here inclosed; which I delivered to Sir Andrew
Car and Major Straughan, with which they returned
upon the Eighteenth, being the next Day. Upon private Discourse with the Gentlemen, I do find the
Condition of their Affairs and their Army to be
thus: The Earl of Lanerick, the Earl of Crawford
Lindsey, Monro, and their Army, hearing of our Advance, and understanding the Condition and Endeavours of their Adversaries, marched with all Speed
to get the Possession of Sterling-Bridge, that so they
might have Three Parts of Four of Scotland at their
Backs, to raise Men, and to enable themselves to
carry on their Design; and are above Five Thousand
Foot, and Five and Twenty Hundred Horse, or
Three Thousand. The Earl of Leven, who is
chosen General, the Marquis of Argyle, with the
honest Lords and Gentlemen, David Lesley being
the Lieutenant General, having about Seven Thousand Foot, but very weak in Horse, lie about Six
Miles on this Side the Enemy. I do hear that their
Infantry consists of Men who come to them out of
Conscience, and generally are of the godly People
of that Nation, which they express by their Piety
and Devotion in their Quarters. And indeed I hear
they are a very godly and honest Body of Men.
"I think it is not unknown to your Lordships,
what Directions I have received from you for the
Prosecution of our late Victory; whereof I shall be
bold to remember a Clause of your Letter, which
"That I should prosecute the remaining Party
in the North, and not leave any of them
(where-ever they shall go) to be a Beginning
of a new Army; nor cease to pursue the
Victory, till I finish and fully compleat it,
with their Rendition of those Towns of Barwick and Carlisle, which most unjustly, and
against all Obligations and the Treaties (then)
in Force, they surprized and garrisoned against
"In order whereunto, I marched to the Borders of
Scotland, where I found the Country so exceedingly
harrassed and impoverished, by Monro and the Forces
with him, that the Country was in no sort able to
bear us on the English Side; but we must have necessarily ruined both your Army, and the Subjects of
this Kingdom, who have not Bread for a Day, if
we had continued amongst them. In Prosecution of
your Orders, and in Answer to the Necessity of your
Friends in Scotland, and their Desires, and considering the Necessity of marching into Scotland, to
prevent the Governor of Barwick from putting Provisions into his Garrison on Scotland Side (whereof
he is for the present in some Want, as we are informed), I marched a good Part of the Army over
Tweed Yesterday about Noon, the Residue being to
come after as conveniently as we may.
"Thus have I given to your Lordships an Account
of our present Condition and Engagement; and,
having done so, I must discharge my Duty, in remembering to your Lordships the Desires formerly
expressed in my Letters to Sir William Armyn and
Sir John Evelyn for Supplies; and in particular, for
that of Shipping to lie upon these Coasts, who may
furnish us with Ammunition or other Necessaries,
wheresoever God shall lead us; there being extreme
Difficulty to supply us by Land, without great and
strong Convoys, which will weary out and destroy
our Horse, and cannot well come to us, if the Tweed
be up, without going very far about.
"Having laid these Things before you, I rest,
Norham, this 20 of Sept. 1648.
"Your most humble Servant,
"Whilst we are here, I wish there be no
Neglect of the Business in Cumberland
and Westmerland. I have sent Orders
both into Lancashire and the Horse before Pontefract. I should be glad your
Lordships would second them, and those
other Considerations expressed in my
Desires to Sir William Armyn thereabouts.
His Summons to the Governor of Berwick, 10 surrender the Town to him.
"Lieutenant General Cromwel's Summons to
the Governor of Berwick.
"Being come thus near, I thought sit to demand
the Town of Berwick to be delivered into my Hands,
to the Use of the Parliament and Kingdom of England, to whom of Right it belongeth. I need not
use any Arguments to convince you of the Justice
hereof: The Witness that God hath borne against
your Army in their Invasion of this Kingdom, which
desired to sit in Peace by you, doth at once manifest His Dislike of Injury done to a Nation that
meant you no Harm, but hath been all along desirous to keep Amity and Brotherly Affection and
Agreement with you. If you deny me in this, we
must make a Second Appeal to God, putting our
selves upon Him, in endeavouring to obtain our
Rights; and let Him be Judge between us. And if
your Aims be any Thing beyond what we profess,
He will require it; if further Trouble ensue upon
your Denial, we trust He will make our Innocency
to appear. I expect your Answer to this Summons
this Day, and rest
"For the Governor of Berwick."
Governor of Berwick's Answer.
"For the Right Honourable Lieutenant General
"Much-honoured and Noble Sir,
"I have received yours, wherein ye desire the Delivering-up of this Town, which I was put in Trust
with by the Committee of the States of Scotland;
wherewith I am immediately to acquaint them, and
expects their Order; and in the mean Time rests,
Berwick, 15 Sept. 1648.
"Your humble Servant,
Letter from Gen. Cromwell to the Committe of Estates, with his Reasons for entering Scotland, and desiring the Restitution of Berwick and Carlisle.
"The Letter to the Committee of Estates of
"Being upon my Approach to the Borders of the
Kingdom of Scotland, I thought fit to acquaint you
with the Reasons thereof: It is well known how injuriously the Kingdom of England was lately invaded,
by the Army under Duke Hamilton, contrary to the
Covenant and our Leagues of Amity, and against
all the Engagements of Love and Brotherhood between the Two Nations. And notwithstanding the
Pretences of your late Declaration, published to take
with the People of this Kingdom, the Commons of
England in Parliament assembled declared the said
Army so entering as Enemies to the Kingdom, and
those of England who should adhere to them as
Traitors. And having received Commands, with a
considerable Part of their Army, to oppose so great
a Violation of Faith and Justice; what a Witness
God, being appealed to, hath borne upon the Engagements of the Armies, against the Unrighteousness of Man, not only yourselves, but this Kingdom,
yea, and a great Part of the known World, will I
trust acknowledge, how dangerous a Thing it is to
wage an unjust War; much more to appeal to God,
the Righteous Judge therein. We trust, He will persuade you better, by this manifest Token of His Displeasure, left His Hand be stretched out yet more
against you, and your poor People also, if they will be
deceived. That which I am to demand of you is, the
Restitution of the Garrisons of Berwick and Carlisle
into my Hands, to the Use of the Parliament and
Kingdom of England. If you deny me herein, I
must make our Appeal to God, and call upon Him
for Assistance, in what Way He shall direct us;
wherein we are, and shall be, so far from seeking the
Harm of the Well-affected in the Kingdom of Scotland, that we prosess, as before the Lord, That
what Difference an Army necessitated in an hostile
Way to recover the ancient Rights and Inheritance of the Kingdom under which they serve
can make, we shall rejoice, and use our Endeavours
to the utmost, the Trouble may fall upon the Contrivers and Authors of this Breach, and not upon the
poor innocent People, which have been led and compelled into this Action, as many poor Souls now Prisoners to us confess. We thought ourselves bound in
Duty thus to expostulate with you, and thus to profess; to the End we may bear our Integrity out before the World, and may have Comfort in God,
whatever the Event be. Desiring your Answer, I
Letter from the L. Chane. of Scotl. in Behalf of those who dissented from the late Engagement against England; declaring against that Engagement, and promising to restore Berwick, &c. to the English.
"For the Right Honourable the Commander in
Chief of the Forces of the Parliament of
England, near Berwick and Carlisle, or in
any other Part within the Northern Counties.
"Hearing that some Forces of the Parliament of
England are come Northward, near the Borders of
Scotland, to reduce Berwick and Carlisle; the Desire
we have to preserve a right Understanding between
the Kingdoms hath moved us to signify to you,
That, as we did dissent from, and protest against,
the late unlawful Engagement against England, carried on by a prevalent Party and Faction, against
the Declaration of this Church and their Commissioners, and against the Desires and Supplications of
the most considerable Shires of this Kingdom; so
shall we be ready to co-operate, by contributing
our best Endeavours with you, that the Garrisons
of Berwick and Carlisle be reduced, and the Towns
delivered to the Houses of Parliament, or such as
are, or shall be, by them authorized.
"Those who command the Forces returned from
that Army which went into England, and their Adherents, have made Applications to us for a Treaty:
We have desired them to disband their Forces and
Garrisons, and deliver those Towns, that they may
be surrendered to the Houses of Parliament; assuring you, that, in any Transaction of Peace with
them, or Pursuance of War against them, we shall
be as careful and tender of the Interest and Good of
the Kingdom of England as of our own Nation;
and our Actions, in this and in every Occasion, shall
be real Evidences of our sincere Resolutions to observe inviolably the Covenant and Treaties between
the Kingdoms, and to be mutually aiding to each
other against the common Enemy, till it please God
to grant both Kingdoms the great Blessing of a safe
and well-grounded Peace.
"By Warrant, and in the Name, of the Noblemen,
Gentlemen, and Burgesses, now in Arms, who
dissented in Parliament from the late Engagement against the Kingdom of England.
Fallirk, 15 Sept. 1648.
Instructions for Commissioners appointed by them to treat with Gen. Cromwell, &c.
"Instructions to the Laird Grambeat, and Major
"1. You shall shew, That the Remainder of that Army
that went into England in the last wicked Engagement, with the Forces with George Mouro and their
Adherents, being returned into this Kingdom, are
very active to raise new Forces, and strengthen themselves to carry on the former Designs.
"2. You shall shew, That we are resolved to oppose
them; and that we shall agree to no Desire of that
Army, without disbanding of their Forces, and denuding themselves of all Power; that the Power of
Peace and War may be intrusted to such as have
dissented from the late Engagement, and desire to
preserve the Union between the Kingdoms.
"3. You shall shew, That, if they lay not down their
Arms, but persist to pursue their Engagements against
the Kingdom of England, and disturb the Peace of
this Kingdom, we are confident that the Houses of
Parliament and their Armies will be ready to assist
us with their Forces, to pursue them as common
Enemies to both Kingdoms, as we were and are
willing to assist the Houses of Parliament against the
Malignants in England.
"4. That we desire and expect they will be in Readiness to concur with us, when we shall give them a
Call; and that we are to send to the Honourable
Houses of Parliament, to desire their Assistance; and
that, by joint Counsels and Forces, the Disturbers of
the Peace of both Kingdoms may be brought to
Trial, and condign Punishment."
Treaty between the Two Scots Armies.
"Falkirk, 15 Septemb. 1648.
"Articles in Treaty between the Two Armies.
"The Members of Parliament who dissented in Parliament, and the Gentlemen and Burgesses chosen by
the several Shires and Burghs, now in Arms for the
Covenant, do propound to those in Arms against us,
That all their Forces in the Field be forthwith disbanded, and the Garrisons of Berwick and Carlisle,
and other Garrisons in their Power, within the Kingdom of Scotland and England, be forthwith delivered; that we may surrender to the Kingdom of
England their own Garrisons and Forts, and for continuing the Union betwixt the Two Kingdoms, and
dispose of our Garrisons for securing the Peace of this
"That all these of their Number who have been
employed in Public Place or Trust in the Kingdom
(in respect they have, by manifest Abuse of their
Power and Trust, so exceedingly endangered Religion, and brought the Kingdom to the very Brink
of Despair and Ruin) shall forbear the Exercise of
all Place, Power, or Trust, until a Free Parliament,
or Convention of Estates, consisting only of Persons
free from the late unlawful Engagement; and that
the Benefit of their Places be sequestered, to be disposed of by the Parliament, or Convention of Estates.
And they giving Assurance that in the mean Time
they shall not disturb the Peace of the Kingdom,
we shall not challenge them for their Lives or
Estates; being always understood, that nothing herein contained shall prelimit the Parliament of this
Kingdom to the Kingdom of England, according to
the Treaties and Covenant.
"It is to be remembered, that the Persons abovewritten, nominated and authorized for the Treaty,
shall not have any Power to conclude; but, after
Debate of all Matters in Writing, to make a Report
thereof to us."
"Woodhouse, 14 Septemb. 1648.
"The Expostulation between the Two Armies.
"Upon Tuesday Morning, about Five of the Clock,
the Lord Humby and the Lord Lee, your Commissioners, presented a Letter, subscribed by the Earl of
Crawford Lindsey, the Earl of Lanerick, and Colonel
Geo. Monro, wherein they did agree, That a Treaty
should begin, at Eight of the Clock in the Morning, at Wenchborow; with this Limitation, that the
Treaty should only continue till Twelve at Noon;
promising, that the Army under your Command
should march no further than they were at present,
our Army doing the like; and that, during the
Treaty, there should be a Cessation from all Acts
of Hostility. Though this Letter came late to our
Hands, about Three Hours after the Time appointed,
and so it was in our Choice to have marched presently, or to have embraced a Treaty; yet we resolved to stay, and were content to send some of
our Number to treat at Wenchborow with the like
Number from you; provided, that the Treaty might
endure until Wednesday, at Four of the Clock in
the Morning, and all Marching of Forces and Acts
of Hostility on either Side should cease during that
Time: Whereupon your Commissioners, the Lord
Humby and the Lord Lee, did undertake, that either
your Lordships should agree to prorogate the Time
of the Treaty until Wednesday, Four of the Clock
in the Morning, the Forces of both Sides not
marching further than they were at present, and the
Marquis of Argyle not coming with his Forces to
St. Nynyans Kirk, about a Mile on this Side of
Sterling; or otherwise, if you did not agree to this,
that then none of your Forces should march before
Eleven of the Clock at the soonest. Two from us
were sent along with your Commissioners, to receive
your Answer; which was delivered, by the Earl of
Crawford and Glencarn, at the Town End of Lithgow, in these Words:
"That it was impossible for you to consent to
prorogate the Time of the Treaty until Four
of the Clock on Wednesday Morning; and
that you resolved to fight that Night for the
Pass at Sterling, though it were with Twenty
"But withal promised to make good what your Commissioners had undertaken; videlicet,
"That none of your Forces should march before Eleven of the Clock out of your Quarters; particularly, That they should not before that Time cross the River of Evarn, near
"All which notwithstanding, we were credibly informed, Part of your Forces marched through Falkirk, which is about Six Miles distant from Lithgow,
betwixt Nine and Ten of the Clock in the Forenoon, and about Two of the Clock in the Afternoon marched into Sterling, which is distant Twelve
Miles from Lithgow; and so, under Trust and fair
Pretences to treat, your Lordships did take an Opportunity to surprize the Forces of the Marquis
of (fn. *)
Argyle, killing some, and taking others Prisoners
when they were in Security, being advertised by us
of a Treaty betwixt your Lordships and us; which
we cannot esteem to be a fair Way of Proceeding:
And therefore we desire, that all those of the Marquis of Argyle's Forces detained Prisoners by your
Lordships may be forthwith released and set at
Liberty; and for the Blood of those that have been
killed under Trust, we know not how it can be
Letter from Gen. Cromwell to the L. Chancellor. &c. of Scotland about it.
"For the Right Honourable the Earl of Loudoun, Chancellor of Scotland; to be communicated to the Noblemen, Gentlemen, and
Burgesses, now with the Army, who dissented
from the late Engagement against the Kingdom of England.
"We received yours from Falkirk, of the 15 of
Septem. Instant. We have had also a Sight of
your Instructions, given to the Laird of Grambeats
and Major Straughan; as also Two other Papers,
concerning the Treaty between your Lordship and
the Enemy; wherein your Care of the Interest of
the Kingdom of England, for the Delivery of their
Towns unjustly taken from them, and Desire to preserve the Unity of both Nations, are dearest; by
which also we understand the Posture you are now
in, to oppose the Enemies of the Welfare and Peace
of both the Kingdoms; for which we bless God for
His Goodness to you, and rejoice to see the Power
of the Kingdom of Scotland in a hopeful Way to be
invested in the Hands of those who, we trust, are
taught of God to seek His Honour, and the Comfort of His People. And give us Leave to say,
as before the Lord, who knoweth the Secret of
all Hearts, That, as we think one especial End of
Providence, in permitting the Enemies of God and
Goodness in both Kingdoms to rise to the Height,
and exercise such Tyranny over His People, was,
to shew the Necessity of the Unity amongst His
of both Nations; so we hope and pray, that the
late glorious Dispensation, in giving so happy Success
against your and our Enemies in our Victory, may
be the Foundation of the Union of the People of
God, in Love and Amity; and, to that End, we
shall, God assisting, to the utmost of our Power,
endeavour to perform what may be behind on our
Part: And when we shall through any Wilfulness
fail herein, let this Profession rise up in Judgement
against us, as having been made in Hypocrisy; a
severe Avenger of which, God hath lately appeared,
in His most righteous Witnessing against the Army
under Duke Hamilton, invading us under specious
Pretences of Piety and Justice: We may humbly
say, we rejoice with more Trembling than to dare
to do so wicked a Thing.
"Upon our Advance to Alnwick, we thought fit
to send a good Party of Horse towards the Borders
of Scotland, and therewith a Summons to the Garrison of Berwick; to which having received a dilatory Answer, I desired a safe Convoy for Colonel
Bright and the Scout-master General, to go to the
Committee of Estates of Scotland, who, I hope, will
have the Opportunity to be with your Lordships before this come to your Hands; and, according as
they are instructed, let your Lordships in some Measure (as well as we could in so much Ignorance
of your Condition) know our Affections to you;
and understanding Things more fully by yours, we
now thought fit to make this Return.
"The Command we received upon the Defeat of Duke
Hamilton was, "to prosecute the Business until the Enemy might be put out of a Condition or Hope of growing into a new Army, and the Garrisons of Berwick and
Carlisle were reduced;" Four Regiments of our Horse,
and some Dragoons, having followed the Enemy into
the South Parts, being now come up, and this Country
not being able to bear us, the Cattle and old Corn
thereof having been wasted by Monro and the Forces
with him, the Governor of Berwick also daily victualling his Garrison from Scotland Side, and the Enemy
yet in so considerable a Posture as by these Gentlemen and your Papers we understand, still prosecuting
their former Design, having gotten the Advantage of
Sterling-Bridge, and so much of Scotland at their Backs
to enable them thereunto; and your Lordships Condition at present not being such as may compel them
to submit to the honest and necessary Things you
have proposed to them for the Good of both the
Kingdoms; we have thought fit, out of the Sense
of our Duties to the Commands laid upon us by
those who have sent us, and to the End we might
be in a Posture more ready to give you an Assistance,
and not be wanting to what we have made so large
Professions of, to advance into Scotland with the Army;
and we trust, by the Blessing of God, the common
Enemy will thereby the sooner be brought to a Submission to you, and we thereby shall do what becometh us, in order to the obtaining our Garrisons;
engaging ourselves, That, so soon as we shall know
from you the Enemy shall yield to the Things you
have proposed to them, and we have our Garrisons
delivered to us, we shall forthwith depart out of your
Kingdom, and in the mean Time be more tender
towards the Kingdom of Scotland, in the Point of
Charge, than if we were in our own Native Kingdom. If we shall receive from you any Desire of
a more speedy Advance, we shall readily yield Compliance therewith; desiring often to hear from you
how Affairs stand.
"This being the Result of the Council of War, I
present it to you as the Expression of their Affections
and my own, who am,
"Your most humble Servant,
Extracts of Letters from the Committee at Derby House to Gen. Cromwell, directing him how to act.
"An Extract of Letters from the Committee of
Derby House, of 24 Augusti and 19 Septembr.
to Lieutenant General Cromwel.
"We doubt not but God will so direct and assist
you in doing what remains, as both those that are
come Southward will be destroyed, and that you
then will prosecute the remaining Party in the North,
and not leave any of them (where-ever they shall go)
to be a Beginning of a new Army; nor cease to pursue your Victory, till you finish and fully compleat it,
with their Rendition of those Towns of Berwick and
Carlisle, which most unjustly, and against Obligations,
and the Treaties (then) in Force, they surprized and
garrisoned against us."
Derby House, 24 Aug. 1648.
"By the Postscript of your Letter of the 11th, we
conceive you will be advanced as far as the Borders
before these come to you; and that you will lose no
Time nor Opportunity for the regaining of the Towns
of Berwick and Carlisle; and desire you to use the
best Means that you in your Judgement shall think
most conducing to that End; the regaining of them
being a Thing of so great Concernment to the Honour of this Kingdom, and Safety of those Northern
Derby House, 19 Septem. 1648.
"Die Jovis, 28 Septemb. 1648.
Gen. Cromwell's Services approved of, and may enter Scotl. to assist the Opponents of the D. of Humilton.
"Resolved, upon the Question,
"That the Lords and Commons assembled in Parliament do approve of the Actions of Lieutenant
General Cromwel, in Pursuance of the Orders he
received from the Committee sitting at Derby House;
which they likewise approve of.
"Resolved, upon the Question, &c.
"That in case those Noblemen and others, that
dissented against the Invasion of the Kingdom of
England by the Army under the Command of Duke
Hamilton, shall desire the Assistance of Lieutenant
General Cromwel, that he be ready to afford them
all seasonable Relief and Assistance.
"H. Elsynge, Cler. Parl. D. Com."
"Die Jovis, 28 September, 1648.
These Letters, &c. to be printed.
"Ordered, by the Commons assembled in Parliament, That the Extracts of the Letters of the Committee at Derby House to Lieutenant General Cromwel,
and the whole Dispatch from Lieutenant General
Cromwel now reported, and the Votes thereupon, be
forthwith printed and published.
"H. Elsynge, Cler. Parl. D. Com."