Index

Sponsor

Centre for Metropolitan History

Publication

Author

George Unwin (editor)

Year published

1918

Supporting documents

Pages

351-360

Citation Show another format:

'Index', Finance and trade under Edward III: The London lay subsidy of 1332 (1918), pp. 351-360. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=33017 Date accessed: 23 April 2014. Add to my bookshelf


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Abbot, the, of Westminster, 3, 7

Abbot Sampson, 12

Acastre, William de, 207n

Acciauioli, the Society of the, 94, 97, 129, 130

Acre, 11

Agen, 266, 289

Agenais, 295

Alberti or Albertim, the Society of the, 94, 130

Albi, 289

Albret, Bernard Ezii, Lord of, 265, 293, 296

Aldermen, see London and Calais

Alien clothworkers, 187
-, - merchants in England 192, 268, 271, 272, 273, 298, 310

Almam, merchants of, 110n, 115, 119, 146 See German

Altopascio, defeat of Florentines at, 94, 100

Amiens, 275

Angevins, the, 93

Antioch, 11

Antwerp, 150, 151, 185, 186, 197, 198, 199, 200, 210

Aquitaine, 259, 265, 309

Arragon, 293

Arras, Henry of, 20-1

Arnold of Brescia, 13

Artevelde, James van, 193

Artois, Countess of, 318, 319, 320, 330

Arundel, Earl of, 157, 160

Assize of Bread, 24

Asti, 261

Athens, Duke of, see Brienne

Aubrey, Andrew, Mayor of London, 49

Audit of accounts, 121

Augustinian friars, see Calais

Avalage, 286

Bache, Antonio, 109, 125, 131

Baddeley, Thomas of, 150, 153

Bailiffs, see Calais

Bakers of London, 23-6

Baltic, trade with, 237

Banking, 3, 28, 93 195, 240

Barage, William de, 20-2

Barcelona, 29

Bardi, the Society of the, 94 135, 145, 147, 151, 154, 195, 197, 261

Barons of Exchequer, 38, 39
-, - of London, 7

Basing family, the, 32

Bawtry, 274

Bay salt, 257, 268

Bayonne, 259, 267, 291, 293, 299, 300, 302

Bazas, 267

Beauchamp, John de, 317

Beaumont, John, 165

Beche, Edmund de la, king's clerk, 121

'Becket,' Thomas a, 12

Bedfordshire, 234

Bellfounders, 33

Bergerac, 270, 300

Berkshire, 239

Berwick, 274

Beverley, 148, 202

Binedon, Thomas de, 266

Black Death, the, 98, 137, 222

Black Prince, the, see Edward, Prince of Wales

Blaye, 262

Bologna, 11, 12

Bonaccorsi, the Society of, 93, 129, 131

Bonafusus de Sancta Columba, 260

Bond, Sir Edward, article in Archæologia, 100n, 116

Bordeaux, 257, 258, 259, 260, 262, 264, 265, 266, 267, 282, 283, 285 9, 291, 292n, 295, 299, 300, 302, 303

Borough members in Parliament, 139

Boston, 31, 102, 104, 105, 106, 149, 158, 164, 246n

Bourg, 262

Brabant, 145, 185, 190, 240, Duke of,
-, 146, 161, 243
-, - trade with, 102, 119, 187, 193

Bread, Assize of, 24 5

Bretigni, treaty of, xiii xiv, 243

Brienne, Walter de, Duke of Athens, 94, 97, 130

Brisele, Henry de, 234, 336

Bristol, 189, 237, 240, 246n, 261, 276, 296

Brittany, 240

Brokers of wine, 271, 310

Bruges, 185, 186 193, 210 11, 213 4, 227-8, 243, 144

Brussels, 115

Buckerel family, the, 32

Buckinghamshire, 20, 239

Bullionism, xxiv-v, 305-7

Burghersh, Bartholomew, Bishop of Lincoln, 145,
-, - - Governor of Calais, 317

Burgundy, House of, 254

Bury, Adam de, 323, 326, 329, 331n

Bury St Edmunds, 31
-, - - abbey at, 12

Butler, the King's, 262, 263, 264, 265, 282, 289

Cadsand, island of, 186, 193

Cahors, 289

Calabria, Duke of, 94-5, 100

Calais, xiv, 169, 175, 216, 219, 244 6, 260 1, 291, 307, 313-49, see also Staple
-, - aldermen of, 323, 325 6, 327 8, 331 and note, 333
-, - aliens at
-, - Augustinian friars in, 337
-, - bailiffs of, 318, 322, 325
-, - burgesses of, 315, 321, 329 30, 332, 333, 246
-, - captains of, 315 7, 319, 321, 349
-, - Carmelite friars in, 337 8
-, - changer at the mint of, 334
-, - charters granted to, 315, 319, 323, 327-8, 330
-, - coinage of, 33 5
-, - constable of the castle at, 316, 318, 321
-, - constables of the Staple at, 345, 348
-, - cormans of, 319, 320, 331n,
-, - echevinage of, 330
-, - echevins of, 319 20, 322
-, - food supply of, 338
-, - fortifications of, 313, 318, 320, 338 9
-, - Frank Verity, court of, at, 319
-, - garrison of, 317, 339
-, - governors of, 317, 325, 345, 349
-, - march of, 332
-, - marshal of, 315, 319
-, - mayor of the Staple at, 323-4, 325-6, 327, 329, 331n, 344 5, 348
-, - mayors of the town of, 327, 331, 333
-, - mint of, 18, 333-6
-, - municipal taxation of, 329
-, - pleas, civil and criminal, in, 315, 317, 320, 323 4, 328-9, 332
-, - revenues of, 332, 333
-, - seneschal of, 15
-, - St John's Church in, 336 7
-, - St Mary's Church in, 336 7
-, - St Nicholas' Church in, 336-7
-, - Staple at, xiv, 219, 244 7, 260 1, 263, 291, 307, 321 5, 333, 340 8
-, - treasurers of, 316, 318, 325, 327, 336, 345
-, - wardens of the castle at, 349
-, - watch at, 319, 327 8, 331, 332

Cambrai, 28

Cambridge, 11

Cambridgeshire, 234, 236

Canaceon, Matthew, 314

Canterbury, 240, 246n
-, - Archbishop of, 12, 114, 123, 254, 296, 314

Carlisle, Prior of, 160

Carmelites, see Calais

Carta Mercatoria, 270 1, 272, 273, 276, 279, 281, 282

Castellan, the, of London, 7

Castilla, 292 3

Castillon, 300

Castrucani, Castruccio, lord of Lucca, 94-5

Cayton, Richard de, 344

Chamberlain, the King's, 19, 20, 29, 262, 270
-, - of Wales, 105

Chancellor, 101 149, 199, 302

Chancery, 102

Chaucer, Richard, 295, 297

Cheshire, 188

Chester, the Bishop of, 159
-, - Edward Earl of, 108

Chichester, 104, 189, 240

Chieri, 261

Chigwell, Robert, king's clerk, 153

Chiriton, Walter de, 128, 169, 170, 208, 216, 219, 222, 297, 314

Cinque Ports, the, 228, 236, 269, 270, 281, 282, 292

Classes in London, chap 1, 28 9

Clapitus, William, 293, 297

Clergy, forced loan from, 172, see Taxation

Close Roll, calendars of, 111, 113, 122, 128, 144, 159

Cloth industry, 187, 260, 307

Coal trade, 235-6

Cobden, xxvi

Coblenz, 155

Coinage, 3

Colchester, 40, 240, 307

Collectors of taxes, 34, 37 40, 101, 103

Cologne, 19

Colombiers, Matthew of, 20

Commonalty, see London

Commons, House of, see Parliament

Communal movement, the, 9

Commune, the, of London, 9, 13

Conduit, Reginald de, 49, 189, 278, 279

Confirmatio Chartarum, 35, 137, 140, 174, 177

Constable of Bordeaux, 100, 264
-, - of Calais, see Calais
-, - of the Tower, 126, 289, 320

Constantinople, 19

Convocation, 146

Convoy, 283-5, 294-5

Cordova, 29

Cordwainers, 29

Cormans of Calais, see Calais

Corn trade, 23, 234, 238, 247, 258-9

Cornwall, 106, 188, 259, 307

Corpus Christi, gilds of, 238

Council, the King's, 302

Councils in mediæval cities, 14

Coventry, 189, 225, 237, 246n, 252

Crebat, 300

Crecy, battle of, 110, 168, 216

Crown of England, 114

Crusades, 12

Cumberland, 159

Cunningham's Growth of English Industry and Commerce, xiv xx, 59, 248, 254 5

Customs, see Taxation

"Cypress branch" dues, 286

Darcy, John, 108

Daumet's Calais sous la domination Anglaise, 320, 326, 327, 331n, 347

Delachanal's Histoire de Charles V, 254

Derby, 233
-, - the Earl of, 114, 115

Derbyshire, 188

Despensers, the, 276

Devon, 188, 259, 307

Dinant, 31

Dordrecht, wool seized at, 186, 191, 193, 195, 198, 200, 201, 203, 206, 207, 209, 213, 214, 215, 217, 220, 240

Dorgoyl Gerard, 270, 273

Dorset, 162

Douai, 28

Drapers, see London

Drogheda, 260

Dublin, 266

Durham, 191
-, - William of, 32

Eastland, 307

Echevins, see Calais

Edmund, Earl of Cambridge, 244

Edward I, 131, 140, 267, 276, 277
-, - II, 100, 124, 131, 278
-, - III, periods of his reign, xiii, policy of, xv xxix, character of, xvii, not the father of English commerce, xxiv, his alliance with Flanders, xv, xvii xix, expenses of his household, 105 7, loans from Peruzzi in 1336 7, 113 4, his 'gifts' to Bardi and Peruzzi, 115 7, his contract with them in 1338, 119-20, 154, 197, promises them protection in 1339, 123, orders examination of their accounts, 124 5, arrests certain of them, 125, amount of his debts to them, 129-131, his contest with the Commons, 137-9, earlier bargains with merchants, 139-41, summons three assemblies of merchants in 1336, 143, 183-5, grants monopoly of wool to syndicate in 1337, 145, 189 91, his diplomacy in Brabant and Flanders 1337 8, 187, seizes wool at Dordrecht in May 1338, 193 4, 196, extends purveyance to all wool, and levies forced loans, Oct -Dec 1338, 152, 199, his relations with William de la Pole in 1339, 200, his conces sions to Parliament in 1340, 156 7, his return after the treaty of Esplechin, 161, repudiates his promise to Parlia ment in 1341, 162, 208 9, his financial arrangements with English syndicates, 1341-6, 206-7 and note, 212-7, his forced loans in 1347, 169 172, 218-9, his concessions to the Parliament of 1348, 176, 220-2, again breaks his pledges in 1349, 222, negociates again with merchants in 1351, 225, and in 1353, 229-31, his bargain with the Commons in 1353 4, 242, his debts to Gascons, 262 3, his conquest and settlement of Calais, 219, 313 5, sets up a Staple at Calais, 340-2

Edward Prince of Wales and of Aquitaine, called the Black Prince, 149, 257, 258, 309

Eleanor, Queen of Henry III, 3

Eltham, John of, see John

Ely, 234

Engrossing, 248, 304

Espagnols sur Mer, 293

Esplechin, treaty of, 161, 205

Essex, 162, 188, 239, 261

Estate of Merchants, see Merchants

Exchange, the King's, 109, 334-6

Exchequer, 38, 39, 104, 114, 121, 124, 125, 165, 200, 212, 276

Feriby, Richard de, keeper of the Wardrobe, 106

Ferne's Glory of Generosity, 17

Feudal survivals, 2 18

First fruits of vacant benefices, 110

Fishmongers, see London

Fish trade, 236 7, 252, 259, 261, 305

Fitz Aylwin, Henry, 7, 13

Fitz Osbert, William, 13

Fitz Thomas, Thomas, 13

Fitz Walter, family of, 17

Flanders, alliance of England with, 161, 185, 211 219, 227
-, - cities of, 8, 213
-, - Count of, 186, 243
-, - trade with, 102, 186, 190, 205, 210, 342

Fleet river, 4, 55

Flemings, the, 6, 261

Flintshire, 188

Florence, 93 8, 120, 237

Folkmoot of London, see London

Fortified houses in mediæval cities, 7

Forzetti Dino, 109

Founs, John de la, 30

Francis, Saint, of Assisi, 13

Franceys, Richard, 297

Frankforton Main, 1-2

Frank verity, see Calais

Fraternities, 16, 238, 248

'Free trade' policy, xviii, xxiii, xxvii, 231-2, 242, 244, 276, 298 9

French merchants, 259

Frescobaldi, the Society of the, 97, 99, 131, 261

Froissart's Chronicle, xvii, 186, 314

Furrier, Ralph the, 7

Fynche, John, 279

Galway, 262

Gascons, 28, 29, 30, 250, 251, 257-312

Gascony, 19, 128, 138, 232, 237, 240, 251, 257-312, 341

Gateshead, 236

Gelderland, Duke of, 161

Genoa, 131

Genoese merchants, 180

German merchants, 119, 180, 193, 201, 214, 217, 229, 250, 277

Gervase the cordwainer, 29

Ghent, 114, 237

Gildhall of the Germans, 6

Gilds, 10, 14 17, 93 4, 239, 240, 252, 253-4

Gilds merchant, 15, 233, 238, 248

Gloucester, 189
-, - Earl of, 25, 157
-, - Richard de, 32
-, - Robert de, goldsmith, 27

Gloucestershire, 118, 160, 184, 188

Goethe's Dichtung und Wahrheit 1-2

Goldbeter, Henry, 165, 207n, 314

Gold coinage, 3

Goldsmiths, the, of London, 26 8

Gorleston, 236

Gra, Thomas, 207n

Grailly John de, 265

Grantham, John de, 49

Great Council, King's, 139, 144, 151, 171, 172, 173, 185

Gresham's Law, xxv

Gueldres, Reginald Count of, 108

Guienne, 270

Guines, 244

Hackeneye, Richard de, 61

Hainault, Count of, 145

Hainault, John of, 109-10 and notes

Hanseatic merchants, see German

Hartlepool, 104, 105

Harwich, 120, 153, 154, 293

Haut Pays, 258

Hawkwood, Sir John, 17

Henry II, 9
-, - III, 265

Henry of Lancaster, Earl of Derby, 114-5, 123n

Hereford, 162

Herefordshire, 188

Herle, John de, 310 1

Herring Fair, 237, 252

Hertfordshire, 7, 188, 239

Hervy, Walter, 13, 25

Holborn, 4, 17

Holy Trinity, gilds of, 238

Home Staples, see Staples

Hospitallers, knights, 4, 10

Household, the King's, 104 7, 118 9, 131

Howell, Robert, 149

Hull, Kingston upon-, 104, 105, 106, 149, 164, 261, 293, 307

Hundred Years' War, 137, 257, 291

Huntington, Earl of, 14, 114, 180

Huntingdonshire, 33, 169, 184, 234

Husting, court of, 9, 13

Hythe, 113

Ingham, Oliver de, 17

Inns of bishops, 4
-, - of courts, 17

Interest on loans, 114 17

Ipswich, 104, 149, 184, 307

Ireland, 145, 260

Isabella of France, Queen of Edward II, 100, 103, 107, 108, 140, 275

Ispania, Arnold de, 274

Italian merchants, 6, 192-3, 200, 214, 217, 219, 277

James I, King of England

Jews, the, at Frankfort, 2, in London, 6, 27

John I, King of England, 3, 13
-, - II, King of France, 242
-, - XXII, Pope, 110
-, - of Eltham, son of Edward II, Earl of Cornwall, 108

Julich, Count of, 111

Justices, the King's, 302

Keelage dues, 286

Keeper of the Realm, 199

Kelsterne, Walter, 107n

Kensington, 3

Kent, county of, 3, 7, 103, 161, 162, 203, 239
-, - Earl of, 266

King's exchange, see Exchange
-, - household, see Household
-, - kitchen, 7
-, - merchants, see Merchants

Kingston, Thomas de, 320

Kingstown, William of, 150, 153

Kingston upon Hull, see Hull

Kirkley Road, 237

Knighton's chronicle, 143, 190

Labourers, see Statutes

Lancaster, Duke of, 254
-, - Earl of, 265

Langon, 267

Languedoc, 258

Latimer, 347

Leicester, 189, 246n

Leicestershire, 145n, 169, 188, 191

Leopardi, the Society of the, 115, 130, 203

Lescrope, Henry, 317

Lewes, 246n

Liber Custumarum, 19

Liberate rolls of the Exchequer, 100, 114, 116

Libourne, 267, 287, 295, 300, 302

Lincoln, 202
-, - bishop of, 114

Lincolnshire, 162, 184, 188, 189, 191, 192, 204, 207n, 218

Lionel of Antwerp, Guardian of the Realm, 169

Lombards, 180, 344, 345

London, 6, 19, 22, 25, 47, 49, 51-2, 106, 149, 164, 186, 189, 202, 203, 204, 225, 236-41, 247, 252 5, 267 81, 298 300, 304 5, 307, 311, 338
-, - aldermen of, 5, 8, 14, 32, 42, 60, 183, 225, 237, 238-41, 242, 253, 255
-, - barons of, 7
-, bishop of, 180
-, - castellan of, 6
-, - classes of citizens of, 28, 43 56
-, - common council of, 253
-, - commonalty of, 253, 273, 275
-, - commune of, 9, 13
-, - court of husting of, 5, 275
-, - - wardmoot
-, - folk moot of, 5
-, - King's chamberlain of, 19 20, 29, 262, 270
-, - mayor and aldermen of, 25, 36 7
-, - mayors of, 5, 7, 17, 20, 25, 26, 186, 252, 253, 254, 262, 267, 269, 270, 275, 308
-, - parishes of, 39
-, - population of, 43-4, 237
-, - serjeant at mace of, 26
-, - sheriffs of, 9, 19, 20, 24, 125, 253
-, - wards, 39-9

London, places in -
-, Aldgate Ward, 56, 57, 60, 77
-, Aldersgate Ward, 56, 57, 87
-, Bath Inn, 4
-, Bassishaw Ward, 40, 56, 57, 85
-, Billingsgate, 24
-, - Ward, 51, 57, 76 7
-, Bishopsgate Ward, 56, 57, 60, 78 9
-, Bread St Ward, 32, 52, 57, 60, 84-5
-, Bridge St, 47, 51n
-, - Ward, 40n, 51, 57, 62-4
-, Broad St Ward, 56, 57, 79 81
-, Budge Row, 53
-, Candlewick Street, 56
-, - Ward, 45, 55, 56, 57, 65 7
-, Castle Baynard, 6, 57
-, - - Ward, 57, 91 2
-, Chancery Lane, 4, 17
-, Cheapside, 24, 26, 27, 34, 53, 54, 280
-, Cheap Ward, 52, 57, 71 4, 280
-, Chester Inn, 4
-, Chichester House, 4
-, Clerkenwell, 4
-, Coleman St Ward, 56, 57, 60, 85 6
-, Cordwainer Ward, 30, 35, 53, 57, 60, 70 1
-, Cornhill Ward, 56, 57, 60, 64 5
-, Cripplegate Ward Within, 35, 39, 52, 53, 57, 87-9
-, - - Without, 39, 54, 76
-, Dowgate Ward, 39, 52, 57, 60
-, Ely House, 4
-, Exeter Inn, 4
-, Farringdon Ward Within, 38, 53, 54, 57, 89-91
-, - - Without, 35, 38, 54, 57, 74-5
-, Fleet Prison, 55
-, - River, 4, 55
-, - Street, 55
-, Foster Lane, 54
-, Friday St, 23, 55
-, Goldsmiths' Row, 26, 54
-, Grasschurch, 24
-, Grey Friars, 4, 31
-, Guildhall, 5, 6, 22, 26
-, Gutter Lane, 54
-, Holborn, 4, 17
-, Holy Trinity Priory, 33
-, Inns of Court, 17
-, Ironmonger Lane, 23
-, Kensington, 3
-, King of Scotland's house, 4
-, Lambeth, 7
-, Langbourn Ward, 56 and n, 57, 81 2
-, Lime St Ward, 56, 57, 62
-, Lincoln's Inn, 4, 17
-, Lombard St, 103
-, London Bridge, 19, 33
-, Newgate, 4, 17
-, New Road, 4
-, Paul's Wharf, 6
-, Petty Wales, 52
-, Portsoken Ward, 45, 57, 76 7
-, Queenhithe, 23, 24
-, - Ward, 51, 56, 57, 82-3
-, St Andrew Wardrobe, church of, 6
-, St Bartholomew's Priory, 4
-, St Helen's Prior, 17
-, St John's Priory, Clerkenwell, 4
-, St Martin's le-Grand, 5
-, St Mary le Bow, church of, 53, 55
-, St Matthew, Friday St, parish of, 54
-, St Michael Querne, parish of, 54
-, St Nicholas, Shambles, church of, 5
-, St Paul's church, 5
-, - Cross, 5
-, St Peter, Wood St, parish of, 54
-, St Sepulchre church
-, St Vedast, parish of
-, Savoy House, 4
-, Smithfield, 4
-, Snow Hill, 4
-, Sopers Lane, 55
-, Southwark, 237
-, Steelyard, the, 6
-, Stone Cross, 53
-, Temple, 4, 17
-, Thames Street, 6, 52
-, Tower, 6, 12, 52, 60, 126, 128, 334
-, - Ward, 41, 57, 60, 61 2
-, Vintry Ward, 21, 51, 52, 57, 69 70, 280
-, - Wharf, 22
-, Walbrook, 38
-, - Ward, 40, 55, 57, 60, 67 9
-, West Cheap, 53

London, trades and gilds of (see also pp 58-9 for all trades) -
-, Armourers, 46, 47
-, Bakers, 23 6
-, Bladers, 23, 45
-, Brewers, 46, 253
-, Burlers, 55
-, Butchers 27, 45, 46, 253
-, Cappers, 55
-, Chandlers, 200, 253
-, Corders, 52
-, Cordwainers, 29 31, 46, 47, 54
-, Cutlers, 55
-, Drapers, 53, 55, 238, 247, 249-50
-, Dyers, 58, 249
-, Fishmongers, 7, 27, 46, 47, 236-7, 238, 240, 247, 252, 298
-, Fullers, 58, 249
-, Girdlers, 46, 253
-, Goldsmiths, 26 8, 46, 53-4, 253
-, Grocers, 240
-, Hosiers, 53
-, Ironmongers, 253
-, Mercers, 45, 52, 53, 238
-, Pepperers, 45, 52, 53, 238
-, Pewterers, 253
-, Plumbers, 46
-, Potters, 31 4, 56
-, Poulterers, 46, 253
-, Saddlers, 46, 47, 54, 253
-, Shipwrights, 52
-, Skinners, 46, 55, 238
-, Spurriers, 55
-, Tailors, 16, 253
-, Tanners, 54
-, Taverners, 22 3, 251, 280
-, Vintners, 19, 45, 46, 52, 238, 240, 247, 290-2, 277 81, 295 8, 304
-, Weavers, 7, 59, 249
-, Whittawyers, 46
-, Woolmongers, 45, 52, 240

Lorraine, 19 20

Louis of Bavaria, 94, 96

Louvain, 28, 114

Lovekyn, John, mayor of London, 49

Lowestoft, 237

Lubbock on ants, 1

Lucca, 94, 96, 131

Lutrington, John and William, 207n

Lyndsey, Thomas de, 207n

Lynn, King's, 104, 105, 149, 216, 217, 225, 234, 238 246n

Lyons, Richard, 297, 347

Magna Charta, 137, 268, 270, 271

Mainz, 19

Malestroit, treaty of, 167

Malewayn, John, 295 9

Maletote, see Taxation

Manny, Sir Walter, 161, 193, 296

Margaret of Flanders, 244

Melchbourn, William de, 123n, 216, 219
-, - Peter de, 314
-, - Thomas, 216 217n, 219

Menagerie, the King's, 109

Mercantilism, xxiii-xxviii

Merchant, gilds of, see Gilds
-, - shipping, 294

Merchants, assembly of, xxii-ixxiv, at Oxford in May 1336, 143, 183, at Northampton in June 1336, 143, 183 4, at Nottingham in Sept 1336, grants subsidy and loan, 143 4, 184-5, at Stamford in June 1337, 188, at Westminster on July 9th 1337, 188, at Westminster on July 26th 1337 concludes contract with King, 145, 189, at Westminster in Nov 1337 and March 1338, 194-5, at Northampton on Aug 3rd 1338, 198, at Westminster on March 1340 sum moned by authority of Parliament, 202, re summoned in May 1340, 203, in Aug 1340 and Sept 1340, 204, in June 1342 authorises Staple at Bruges, 165 6, 210-3, in April 1343 negociates a new monopoly, 214, in July 1345 proves abortive, 216, not responsible for new taxation of 1347, 217, summoned to make forced loan in April and June 1347, 169 70, 218, at Easter 1349, 222, in July 1353 to consider Home Staples, in Sept 1353 approximates to a Parliament and enacts Ordinances of Staple, 230, in June 1356 considers Calais Staple, in 1359 authorises new imposts on com merce, 243, again discusses Calais Staple, 245
-, - English, in Flanders, Holland and Zeeland, 243, 297
-, - King's, 264 6
-, - Estate of, xxiii, 142, 197, 206, 219, 221, 222, 224, 225, 232, 241
-, - syndicates of, xxii, 144-5, 150, 190 2, 195, 206 7 and note, 212 7, 220-1, 222

Micol, Arnold, 262, 264

Michel, John, 295, 298, 307

Middlesex, 7

Mint, the, 26

Molyns, John, 121

Monte Florum, Paul de, 123n

Montendre, custom of, 286

Montgomery, John de, 316

Mortagne, custom of, 286

Mortimer, Roger, Earl of March, 100, 108, 140, 266, 271

Mousehole, 307

Mozzi, the Society of the, 93

Mynot, Michael, 279

Naples, King of, 96

Navigation laws

Navy, 291 5

Nen, the river, 234

Netherlands, cities of the, 8, 254
-, - trade with the, 120, 183

Newcastle-on Tyne, 104, 105, 149, 164, 235, 238, 246n, 252, 297

Norfolk, 161, 162, 169, 191
-, - Earl of, 14
-, - John of, 344

Norman, Roger 314

Northampton, 143, 149, 151, 183, 184, 189, 199

Northamptonshire 169, 184, 188

Northumberland, 38n

Norwich, 202, 225, 240, 246n

Nottingham, 158, 184
-, - Great Council at, 107, 143, 144, 166, 184-5, 186 7
-, - prices, 166, 185, 190, 208, 210

Nottinghamshire, 162, 169, 184, 188, 200

Nuremberg, the, Court at Frankfort, 2

Octrois in French towns, 254

Ordainers, the, 275

Ordinances, the, of 1311, 138
-, - the, of the Staple

Ouse, the river 234

Oxenford, John de, mayor of London, 49, 278, 279, 280

Oxford, 11, 143, 183, 240, 276n

Oxfordshire, 160, 162

Palmer, Roger the, sheriff of London, 24

Papacy, the, 93, 100

Paris, 12, 29, 45n, 237

Parliament, crises in, xiv, its influence on economic policy, xviii, its sumptuary legislation, xix xxi, interests represented in, xxii xxiii, its free trade policy, xxiv, its transition to mercantilism, xxvi-xxviii, demands audit, 121, 123, authorises the old custom, 137, in Sept 1327 acquiesces in loan on wool, 140, in Sept 1334 procures recall of wool subsidy, 141, in March 1336 grants 1/10th and 1/15th, 142, in autumn of 1337 grants 3/10ths and 1/15th, 197, in Feb 1338 authorises purveyance of wool, 146, 194, in Oct 1339 complains of maletote, 155, 201 2, in Jan 1340 grants 1/9th sheep, fleece and lamb, 155, 202 3, and enacts statutes on taxation, 156 7, in July 1340 grants purveyance of 20,000 sacks, 158, 203-4, in 1341 grants 30,000 sacks, 139, 208, in April 1343 grants subsidy of 40/- for three years, 166, 214, in 1344 demands open trade, 168, 215 6, in Sept 1346 protests against con tinuance of subsidy, 168, 217, in Jan 1348 presents many grievances, 173, merchants unite with Commons, 220, in March 1348 grants 3/10ths and 3/15ths that wool subsidy may cease, 176, 220, control of legislation by, 223, in 1351 re enacts "free trade" and grants subsidy on wool, 224, 298, in Jan 1352 demands enactment of petitions, 226-7, in 1354 enacts Statute of Staples, 231-2, and restricts 'liberties' of London, 239, in 1362 asserts control over wool taxation, 246, in 1363 enacts sumptuary legislation, 247, and restricts each merchant and craftsman to one trade, 248 9, 304, its further regulation of the wine trade, 309 11, discusses the policy of a Calais Staple, 246, 340-1

Patent Rolls, Calendars of, 111, 113, 122, 128, 144 159

Pecherous, Aubrey le, 31

Perigord, 258, 295

Peruzzi, the Society of the, 111 135, 145, 147, 151, 154, 195, 197, 261

Pessagno, Antonio de, 131, 264

Pestilence, see Black Death

Peter of Lyons, 13

Philip VI, King of France, 96, 107, 110, 185

Philip of Burgundy, 244

Philippa of Hainault, Queen of Edward III, 107, 108, 114, 266

Piacenza, 261

Picard, Henry, 180, 216, 219, 262, 295 6, 314

Pillory, the, 25

Piracy, 292 3

Pirenne, Henri, 2, 31

Pisa, 96

Plymouth, 307

Poitiers, battle of, 242

Poitou, 257, 265

Pole, Richard de la, 48, 104, 144
-, - William de la, 103, 104, 122, 123n, 144, 180, 188, 189, 198, 200, 205, 218, 314

Ponge, Nicholas, 279

Ponthieu, 244

Popes, the, 93, 100, 110, 146

Portenari, Giovanni di, 125, 131

Portsmouth, 22

Portugal, 13, 293

Potters, the, of London, 31 4

Poynter, Ralph, 30

Prague, 11

Preemption, see Purveyance

Prest, Walter, 165

Preston, John de, 61

Prices, regulation of, xx-xxi, 300-2, 308 11

Provençe, 29

Provençals, 3

Pulteney, Sir John, mayor of London, 14, 48 9, 124, 180, 209, 214, 218, 280, 314

Purveyance, 144, 189 90

Puyguilhem, 262

Ramsay's Genesis of Lancaster, 143, 181, 231

Ramsey, Abbot of, 33

Randman, John, 207n

Rashdall's Universities of the Middle Ages, 11

Ravenser, 273

Recta Prisa, 282

Reole, La, 267, 288, 300

Religious Orders, 10

Rhine, the, 19, 201, 307

Ricciardi, the Society of the, 99, 131

Richard I, xvii, 5, 9
-, - II, King of England, xvi, xxvi, 128, 255

Robert King of Naples, 96, 98

Rokesley, Gregory, Mayor of London, 20, 26, 262, 269

Rome, 11

Romer, the, at Frankfort, 1

Rothyng, Richard de, 278, 279, 280, 295, 307

Royan, custom of, 286

Sadyngton, Robert de, 123n, 159

St Botolph, fair of, 31, 102

St -Emilion, 288

Ste Foy, 300

St Ive, Adam de, 334

St Ives, fair of, 31

St James of Compostella, pilgrimage to, 50

St John of Jerusalem, Order of, 112

St Macaire, 287

St -Omer, 28

St Quitterie, 262

St Sever, 259, 262

Saintes, 266

Saintonge, 257, 295

Salisbury, Earl of, 114

Sandwich, 270, 342

Salop, 160, 162, 184, 246n

Salt, 257-8

Scala, the House of, 95

Scalacronica, the 143

Scali, Society of the, 100n

Scotland, King of, 110
-, - war with, 113, 122, 139, 140, 183, 240, 274

Seneschal of Aquitaine, 259
-, - of Gascony, 264

Serjeant of King's Chamber, 7

Shareshill, Chief Justice, 225

Sheriffs, 145, 148, 149, see also London

Ships for King's service, 113, 145, 149, 294

Shirebourne, William de, 207n

Shoreham, 267

Siena, 130

Sluys, battle of, 203, 207n

Smuggling, 148

Somerset, 162

Soulac, 257, 266

Southampton, 103, 105, 106, 107, 164, 184, 234-5, 241, 269

Southwark, 237

Spain, merchants of, 28, 29, 30, 250, 261

Spini, the Society of the, 93

Stamford, 188

Stannary of Cornwall, 106

Staple, Calais, xiv, xxv, 219, 244, 260 1, 263 291, 307, 321-5 340 8
-, - foreign, xxii xxiii, 166, 185, 187, 193, 200, 210, 211, 212, 219, 227 8, 263
-, - Ordinances of the, 103, 228, 230
-, - Statute of the, 232, 241-3, 246

Staplers, Company of, 181, 243

Staples, Home, xxii, 139, 140, 229, 233, 235, 236, 243

Statute of Labourers, xxi, 226
-, - of Treasons, 227
-, - of Wine, 301
-, - of York, 276-7, 279, 298

Sterre, John, 27

Stockholm, 11

Stodeye, John, 262, 295 6, 307, 314

Stow, John, 15

Stratford, 24

Strete, Henry del, 295, 297

Stubbs' Constitutional History, xvii, 143, 179, 217, 230

Stury, William, 318

Suffolk, 161, 234, 261

Sussex, 162, 188, 239

Surrey, 3, 7, 188

Swanland, Thomas de, 216, 219, 222, 314

Taxation -
-, - convoy, subsidies for, 283 5
-, - customs, 103 7, 109 10, 120, 137 8, 156, 164-5, 170, 186, 200, 212, 220, 232, 243, 263, 271, 272, 281 90, 345
-, - maletote, 137, 140-4, 152, 155, 166, 184, 201, 209, 213
-, - moveables, taxes on, 36 43
-, - ninth sheaf, fleece and lamb, 155, 157, 159, 202
-, - prisage of wines, 281-2
-, - papal taxes, 110 1, 126
-, - purveyance, 145, 146 7, 151, 158, 173, 189 90, 194-5, 203, 206, 208,
-, - subsidy on wool, xviii xix, 118, 140 1, 144 and note, 163 5, 167, 168, 176, 182, 196, 198, 199, 208, 222, 223-4, 244, 227, 230, 242, 243-4, 246
-, - tallage, 35
-, - tenths and fifteenths, 35-6, 101, 113, 126, 142 143, 144, 146, 149, 151, 154, 155, 168, 171, 176, 181, 182, 201, 216, 222, 226, 243

Taxes, assessment of, 36 41
-, - collection of, 39 41, 101

Templars, Order of the, 6, 7, 16, 100

Temple, see London

Teutonic Order of Knights, 11

Thames, the, 146

Thomas of London, Archbishop of Canterbury, see Becket
-, - de Brotherton, Earl of Norfolk, Marshal of England, 109

"Tied houses," 32

Tilli, John, 30

Toulouse, 258, 289, 295

Tout's Place of the reign of Edward II in English History, 180
-, - Political History of England 1216-1377, xvii

Treasons, Statute of, 227

Treasurer, the King's, 38, 98, 100n, 276

Treaty of Bretigni, xiii, 243, 284
-, - of Bruges, xiv
-, - of Calais (1347), 142, (1360), xiii xiv, 338
-, - of Esplechin, xiv, 161, 205
-, - of London, 284
-, - of Malestroit, 167

Trente, William, 262, 267, 270

Triple, John de, 40

Trussell, William, 157

Tumbril, the, 25

Tynemouth, 236

Tyre, 11

Ulseby, Hugh de, 165, 212

Universities, 11

Usefleet, Thomas de, keeper of the Great Wardrobe, 102

Usury, see Interest

Valois, see Philip

Valori, Taldo, of the Society of the Bardi, 101 and note, 102

Van Artevelde, see Artevelde

Venice, 95, 117

Villani, historian of Florence, 95, 96, 129, 130

Vintners of England, 247, 250, 266, 303-8
-, - of Gascony, 260, 267-74
-, - of London, see London

Wages, regulation of, xx xxi

Wake, the Lord of, 159

Wakefield, William of, 297

Waleys, Henry le, Mayor of London, 20, 267, 269

Walton, 148

Wardrobe, the King's, 102, 104, 109

Warwickshire, 161, 162, 191

Waterford, 260

Watford, Robert, 149

Wawayn, John, 150, 153

Wederhale, Prior of, 160

Wenlock, 189

Wendlingburgh, Gilbert de, 170, 216, 314

Wesenham, John de, 169, 208, 216, 264, 296

Westminster, 3
-, - Abbey, 3

Whittington, Richard, 17

Willard's article in Eng Hist Review, 182

Winchelsea, 240, 267, 270

Winchelsey, Robert, Archbishop of Canterbury, 270

Winchester, 31, 234 5

Wine trade, 19-23, 232, 250 2, 257 312

Wode, Richard Atte, 320-1

Wodehouse, Robert de, Archdeacon of Richmond, 124n, 127

Woodstock, 183

Wool, collection of, 145, 146, 150, 153 4, 204-5
-, - forced loans of, 146, 151, 169, 217-9
-, - growers, 192, 199, 204
-, - licenses for export of, 146-7, 164, 166, 198, 199, 274
-, - merchants, xv, xix, 6, 51 2, 188-191,195, 196 7, 202, 206, 207n, 209, 220
-, - monopoly of, 142, 148, 151, 158, 173, 181, 190-1, 194 5, 203, 208, 212, 213-4, 215, 229
-, - smuggling of, 148

Worcester, 241

Worcestershire, 161, 188

Wreck, law of, 292

Wymburh, Richard of, potter and bellfounder, 33

Yarmouth, Great, 149, 202, 236 7, 238, 252, 269, 293

York, 140, 202, 225, 237, 246n, 252, 276
-, - Archbishop of, 172

Yorkshire, 148, 169, 183, 184, 189, 192, 200, 204, 247n, 261

Ypres, 161

Yver, M, 96

Zeeland, 251