Folio 89 b-91.
[Here follow Ordinances of the Fishmongers, commencing
Pur ce ke en ascun tens les prodeshomes deu mestier de la pessonerie,
&c., and ending versus occidentem, printed and translated, with
little variation, in 'Liber Albus' (Rolls Series), i. 379-85;
ii. 150-55. Cf. 'Liber Custumarum,' fos. 66, 67. These are
followed by Ordinances made for the regulation of the size of
fishing nets, commencing Cest le ordenemet qe les bonegent de la
pessonerie, &c., and ending chotnet, schofnet e kideles, printed and
translated in 'Liber Custumarum' (Rolls Series), i. 116, 117;
ii. 543, 544. The two sets of Ordinances immediately follow
each other in 'Liber Horn,' fos. 220-222. —Editor].
Burning of a False Kidel. (fn. 1)
Be it remembered that a certain kidel of the Abbot of Lesnes, (fn. 2)
found in the Thames opposite the Abbey of Lesnes, was taken
before the Mayor, J[ohn] de Gisors, William de Leire, John de
Wyndesore, (fn. 3) and Stephen de Abyndon, (fn. 4) Aldermen, on Thursday
next after the Feast of St. Mark [25 April], 6 Edward II.
[A.D. 1313], in the Guildhall, and condemned, &c., because it
was found, on the oath of John de Mockyng, Henry Lombard,
Laurence Aubyn, Oliver Brounyng, John de Barton, William
Scot, John Fresfish, John Frossh, Robert de Mockyng, Richard
Swote, Geoffrey Scot, junior, and Alexander Pike, fishmongers,
that the said net, called a kidel, was too close and insufficient
for fishing, to the injury of the water (pro destruccione riparie)
and common damage to the whole City and people resorting
thither. And they further say that in the great Charter of
liberties of England (fn. 5) it is contained that all kidels should be
removed from the aforesaid bank of the Thames, and so it is
adjudged that the said kidel be burnt in Chepe, &c. (fn. 6)
Vide plus de ista materia et de mensura rectum libro F
filio [sic] lxxj°.
Folio 91 b.
"These been the ordinances assised and ordeigned of the
fisshynge of Thamyse betwene the brigge of London and Yenled (fn. 8)
on that one side and the were abouen Stanes brigge on that
other side that is to weten that all the nettes shal be of largenesse of two ynches thurghout as wele Peters (fn. 9) as all other
fisshers to fisshe thurghout the yeere. Out taken that they mowe
fisshe with streyte nettes for smelt betwene the day of Candelmasse and the day of oure lady in lente and no forther upon
peyne of forfeture of his nettes and his gynnes atte the first
trespas and atte the seconde trespas his body to prisoun. Also
that no samon be taken betwene the Nativitee of oure lady and
the day of Seynt Martyn and also none engendrure of samon
eny tyme of the yeere. Also that none lamprons ne lampreys
be taken betwene the half moneth of April and August. No
none dares betwene the xv dayes tofore oure lady day in lenten
and xv dayes after. No none Roches betwene the xv dayes
tofore the day of Seynt Mark and xv days after. Also that all
the weeres be of largenesse of two ynches acordyng to the
nettes abouen seid. Also that no keper be taken in no tyme of
the yeere. And that all the ordinaunces and the statutes shal be
holden upon peyne to brenne alle the nettes and alle the gynnes
atte the first trespas and atte the seconde trespas the body to
prisoun and to lese alle his gynnes. This is the ordynaunce
that the gode folk and fisshers have ordeigned as the statute
will. That is to wyten hit is entred in the book of A lef iiijxx xj.
"The grete nettes that taken smelt toward the Est from the
brigge of London shal begynne atte Candelmasse and fisshe to
the feste of oure lady in lentyn with her bosom (fn. 10) and after they
shull leve out her bosom to the tyme that Candelmasse come
ayein. Also ther is another maner nette that they clepen
Codnette (fn. 11) tho shall go from Candelmasse un to oure lady day in
lentyn and no lenger. Also ther is another maner of grete
nettes toward the West from the brigge that shall go thurgh out
the yeer large of two ynches and no streiter upon peyne of
forfeture of her nettes and her gynnes and her bodyes to prison
as the statute will. The mark of two ynches. (fn. 12)
"Also ther is another maner nette that is cleped Petersnette
of two ynches and no streyter and hit shall go all the yeer but
in seson that men taken smelt. Also ther is another maner
nette that men call Pridenette (fn. 13) whiche shal begynne eight dayes
to fore the feste of Seint Michel and go to the feste of Seint
Martyn and no lenger. Also ther is another maner of nettes
that is cleped Treinkys (fn. 14) of the largenesse of two ynches and
ynche and an half large (fn. 15) and no lasse [and tho shal begynne fro
Seint James tyde and so forth un to oure lady day in lente as
the seson asketh]. (fn. 16)
"And that no man take lamprons after Estre to hit be ayains
Michelmasse that here sesoun come. Also there is another
maner Gors (fn. 17) þt been nought profitable for they been to streyte
in destruccioun of the watyr. Also ther is another manere of
nettes whiche been defended that is to wyte Shotnette (fn. 18) Shofnette (fn. 19) and kydelles. Also hit is entred in the book of H the
leef cxxix that no fissher drawe his nette ayeins eny wherf on
this half the brigge of London upon peyne of forfeture of his
nette. Also þt alle the kydelles whiche been in Tamyse where so
they been in Thamyse that they be away put and never fro
hens fortward bee put in Thamyse upon the forfeture of £10 of
sterlinges." (fn. 20)
Annus vicesimus tercius.
Folio 92 b.
Friday after the Feast of St. Benedict [11 July], 23 Edward I.
[A.D. 1295], was read an acknowledgment by William de
Wymundhale, guardian of John le Chosner and Roger his
brother, minors, of receipt from Reginald de Frowick, draper,
of the sum of 13 marks, by order of the Dean of Arches, in
part payment of 53 marks received by the said Reginald in
trust for the said John and Roger. The said William binds
himself to keep the money until the said John and Roger come
of age, and out of it to put them to the respective trades of
fishmonger and roper, as their friends desire. Dated Tuesday
after the Feast of Translation of St. Thomas the Martyr
[7 July], 23 Edward I. [A.D. 1295].
Demise by William de Folwardbi and Alice his wife to
Geoffrey de Northon, clerk, of a brewery in the parish of
St. Mary de Wolcherhawe, situate near the tenements of
Walter de Berden and Walter de "Wanlock." To hold for
a term of ten years from Michaelmas, anno 23 Edward I.
[A.D. 1295], for 10 marks in hand paid and an annual rent of
4 marks. Witnesses, Henry Box and Richard de Gloucester,
Sheriffs; Salomon le Cotiler, Alderman of the Ward; (fn. 21) Walter
de "Wenlock," Thomas Cook, John de Lincoln, William le
Taverner, Peter le Cu, Henry de Schorne, and others.
Monday after the Feast of SS. Fabian and Sebastian
[20 Jan.], 25 Edward I. [A.D. 1296-7], was acknowledged a
writing whereby John de Somery, "orbatur," (fn. 22) and Margery
his wife demised to Richard Gladwyne an annual quitrent of 10s.
issuing from a tenement belonging to the said Richard in the
parish of St. Mary de Somersete. To hold for a term of
thirteen years from the aforesaid Feast. Witnesses, Sir John
Bretun, Knt., Warden of the City; Thomas de Suffolk and
Adam de Foleham, Sheriffs; Richard de Chigewelle, William
Faber (Smith?), Stephen Bernard, teinturer, (fn. 23) Robert de Chalfhunte, John Fiss, Robert le Conner, Robert Clerk, and others
Monday after the Feast of St. Mark [25 April], 10 Edward I.
[A.D. 1282], was read an acknowledgment, by James de Troys
and Avice his wife, of the receipt of the whole of the annual rent
due for seven years from Easter, anno 10 Edward I., for houses
granted by them to Fulk de St. Edmund, situate in Candlewystrate, in the parish of St. Mary de Abecherche, between
the tenements of Robert de Oggele and Nicholas de Weston.
The same day was read a certain writing whereby Hugh
the Tailor of Sir "Camm'" (?) Lincoln covenants to build the
shop of Herman le Estreys and Robert de Munden, situate
at the corner of Melkstrate, with his own timber, on the
understanding that they pay him 100s. out of the first rent.
Tuesday the morrow of St. Luke [18 Oct.], 11 Edward I.
[A.D. 1283], in the presence of John Adrien, Wolmar de Essex,
Hugh Motun the Chamberlain, and others, was read a writing
whereby Roger, son and heir of William Fitz Roger, demised
to Robert de Rokesle, senior, an annual quitrent of 10 marks
for a term of ten years in discharge of a debt. The term
to commence at Christmas next, and the rents to be
raised in the parishes of All Hallows at the Heywarf and
St. Vedast in Chepe, charged on shops and houses occupied
by the aforesaid Robert as well as by William de Rokesle,
Avice, relict of Richard de "Rokele," Michael de Hatfeud,
"furbur," and Margery his wife, and Robert de Folesham
Witnesses, Henry le Galeys, Mayor; Jurdan Godchep and
Martin Box, Sheriffs; Gregory de Rokesle, Alderman of
Douuegate; William de Farndon, Alderman of Neugate;
Peter Cossin, Richard de Paris, Robert de Preston, Walter de
"Rokele," John de Gloucestre, Robert de la More, Reginald
le Chaundiler, John le Chaundiler, Richard de Derbi, and
others [not named].
Folio 94 b.
Tuesday after Feast of Purification B. M. [2 Feb.], 20 Edward I. [A.D. 1291-2], was read a writing whereby Edmund
de Byre, Mabel his wife, Anselm de Thele and Edyth his wife
demised to William de Evre a tenement formerly belonging to
Ralph Lupus in the parish of St. John upon Walebrok (except
a house occupied by the aforesaid Edmund and Mabel adjacent
to the parish church), situate between the church towards the
south and Candelwystrate towards the north, and between the
course of the Walebrok towards the west and Walbrokstrate
towards the east. To hold the same, together with two chests
(archis) standing in "Chep," for a term of twelve years from
Christmas last for 32 marks in hand paid, and 40s. annual rent
to be paid in specified proportions to Nicholas de Suffolk and
Ralph Lupus. Witnesses, Sir Ralph de Sandwych, Knt., Warden
of the City; Ralph le Blound and Hamo Box, Sheriffs; Thomas
Box, Alderman of the Ward; (fn. 24) Thomas de Suffolk, Thomas de
Oxford, Ralph de Cestre, Robert Tyffeld, John de Donstaple,
and Adam de Burthone.
Folio 95 b.
Monday before the Feast of St. Dunstan [19 May], 19 Edward I. [A.D. 1291], in the presence of Sir Ralph de Sandwych, Warden of the City; William de Leyre and Thomas
Romeyn, Sheriffs of the same; Stephen Aswy, Gregory de
Rokesle, Ralph le Blound, Robert de Rokesle, Nicholas
de Winchester, William de Farndone, Richard Aswy, John de
Canterbury, Martin Box, Wolmar de Essex, Thomas Box, [and]
Walter Hauteyn, the Small Beam (parva statera) was given and
granted to William de Betton' for the term of his life by award
of the aforesaid Warden, Sheriffs, and Aldermen, and the whole
commonalty. Afterwards, Henry le Waleys, John de Batquill,
Adam de Fulham, Thomas de Estanes, and John le Blunt
ratified the aforesaid grant.
The King's writ that the Small Beam might be vested in
Jacobina la Lumbard. Dated Berewyk on Twed, 28 June,
19 Edward I. [A.D. 1291]. Return to the effect that the King's
request could not be complied with in consequence of the above
grant. (fn. 25)
Richard le Taillur attached to answer a charge of having
assaulted Geoffrey le Hurer on the Feast of All Souls [2 Nov.]
in this year and injured him to the extent of 100 marks, as he is
prepared to show, &c. The said Richard comes and declares
himself not guilty, and puts himself on the country. A jury
summoned by consent of the parties, who say on oath that ......
Complaint made by Roger de Portlaunde, clerk to Thomas
Romeyn the Sheriff, of an insult having been offered him in the
Sheriff's Court by Robert de Suttone, on Thursday the morrow
of St. James [25 July], 19 Edward I. [A.D. 1291]. The
delinquent committed to prison by the Warden and Aldermen
of the City. (fn. 26)
Pleas, Tuesday next after the Feast of St. James [25 July],
19 Edward I. [A D. 1291], before R. de Sandwich, Warden of
London; John de Banquell, Adam de Fuleham, and Wolmar de
Essex, Aldermen, &c.
John Hurel attached to answer a charge of having obstructed
and assaulted Thomas Romeyn the Sheriff, and seized and
imprisoned his men sent to requisition carts for the purpose of
removing the King's wardrobe. The said John came and
denied the force and imprisonment, but confessed to not having
allowed the Sheriff to enter his house to make distress,
inasmuch as he had committed no trespass, as it seemed to him.
As to the rest he put himself on the country. And because
he confessed to not allowing the Sheriff to enter his house nor
make distress, a matter manifestly in contempt of the lord the
King, it is adjudged that he be committed to prison, and
precept is issued to the Coroner to summon twelve, &c., of
the neighbourhood who by no affinity, &c.......
Folio 96 b.
Saturday the Feast of St. Luke [18 Oct.], 20 Edward I.
[A.D. 1292], Jak' de Salop' came and acknowledged that he
had received from the Constable of Conewey, his master,
ninety-three beasts and no more, which he swore he had
neither bought nor received at his own risk, &c., but at the
risk of the lord the King, and not in any way for his own
profit, and thereon produced a letter of recommendation and
protection on his behalf from William Cycons', the Constable
On Saturday the eve of Palms [30 March], 22 Edward I.
[A.D. 1294], a writing was granted whereby Thomas de
Basinge, at the request of Sir John le Bretun, Warden of the
City, John de Banquell, Robert de Basinge, William de Hereford, John le Blound, and other of his friends, gave permission
for a bridge to be made to his wharf upon Heywarf, so as
to prevent persons being drowned, the same to remain until it
should please him to rebuild his wharf according to the form
agreed upon by them before Sir William de Karleton. On
notice of three or four days being given by him or by some one
on his behalf, the bridge is to be wholly removed, or in default
he himself may cause it to be removed and proceed to repair
his wharf. In testimony whereof the said John, Robert, William, and John have set to their seals and caused the writing
to be enrolled on this paper.
Monday before the Feast of St. Dunstan [19 May], 22 Edward I. [A.D. 1294], came Richard Deneneys, tailor, and
acknowledged himself bound to John de Chelse (?) in the sum
of half a mark; to be paid, viz., 40d. at Michaelmas, and 40d.
at the Feast of All Saints.
Richard de Wandlesworth, elected to the Shrievalty, (fn. 27) finds
as sureties for his appearance before the Warden and Aldermen on the eve of Michaelmas to accept office, &c., Adam
de Fulham, senior, Robert de Rokesle, Sheriff, Thomas
Juvenale, and Geoffrey de Norton.
Folio 97 b.
Friday before the Feast of Pentecost [22 May], 23 Edward I.
[A.D. 1295], came Walter de Lodebure (or Lothebure) and
Alice his wife and caused to be read a lease from them to
Bartholomew Scot and Matilda his wife of a tenement in the
parish of St. Botolph without Bissopesgate, situate near the
tenements of Alice de Hatton and the land of Hugh Mulgar.
To hold for a term of ten years from Midsummer next on
payment of 9 marks in hand and the customary rent to the
chief lords of the fee. In case of sale, the lessees to be preferred as purchasers by 20s. Upon repayment of the above
9 marks to the lessees at the end of the first five years the
property is to be given up. Witnesses, Sir John le Breton,
Warden; Henry Box and Richard de Gloucester, Sheriffs;
Henry le "Bule," Alderman of the Ward; (fn. 28) William le Horner,
Thomas Bruning, John Jeryn, John de Hakeneye, William le
Lyndraper, Thomas Clerk, and others [not named].
Folio 100 b.
Walter Gatewick, goldsmith, appeals Guy le Mercer, residing
in Wodestrate, for that whereas the said Walter was in the
King's peace in his own house in Godronelane, in the parish
of St. Vedast, in the Ward of William de Farndone, on Monday
before the Feast of St. Michael, 6 Edward I. [A.D. 1278], and
had gone upstairs to look at some defects in his house, there
came the said Guy, who feloniously and with malice prepense
thrust him in his left eye with the point of a lance. Thereupon
the said Walter raised hue and cry from the aforesaid ward to
the four nearest wards, and from the four nearest wards to the
Sheriff, and from the Sheriff to the Coroner, so that the said
Guy was attached. The said Walter is ready to prosecute the
said Guy and to prove the felony by his body or by judgment
of the King's Court as a man maimed, for which he produces
Record of the said Walter having on four different occasions
appeared in the Husting at the Guildhall and prosecuted his
appeal against the said Guy for maiming (ut de mayno). On
the last occasion the felon is mainprised by William de Staunford, tailor, senior, until the next Husting.