Folios 101 - 110

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Centre for Metropolitan History

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Author

Reginald R. Sharpe (editor)

Year published

1899

Pages

194-207

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'Folios 101 - 110', Calendar of letter-books of the city of London: A: 1275-1298 (1899), pp. 194-207. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=33030 Date accessed: 25 July 2014.


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Folio 101.

Election of Sheriffs.

Sheriffs of London:—

Pledges of Henry de Frowyk. (fn. 1) Gregory de Rokesle,
Reginald de Kantebregge,
Pledges of Luke de Batencurt. (fn. 1) Peter Cusyn,
Robert de Meldeburn,

sworn to pay the ferm of the City and preserve its liberties.

26 & 27 Edward I., temp. John de Donestapil.

Sheriffs of London:—

Pledges of Thomas Sely. Ralph de Hunylane,
Adam de Hallyngbyry,
Pledges of Richer de "Retham," "mercher." Geoffrey de Norton,
John de Douegate,

sworn to pay the ferm of the City.

27 Edward I., John de Donestapil, Chamberlain. (fn. 2)

Sheriffs of London:—

Pledges of Henry de Fingrie. William de Wolcherchawe.
Ralph de Hunylane.
Pledges of John de Armenters. Matthew de Armenters.
Adam le Rey (?).

28 Edward I., Nicholas "Pyckoc," Chamberlain. (fn. 3)

Sheriffs of London and Middlesex:—

Pledges of Luke de Haveringe. Elias Russel, Mayor.
Adam de Fulham, Alderman.
Pledges of Richard de Caumpes.

Monday before the Feast of St. Michael, 29 Edward I. [A.D. 1301], were elected Sheriffs of London, viz., Peter de Bosenho, skinner, and Robert le Callere, mercer, as appears in paper of memoranda.

Friday the eve of St. Michael, 30 Edward I. [A.D. 1302], were elected Sheriffs and sworn, &c., viz., Simon de Paris, mercer, and Hugh Pourte, stockfishmonger, as appears in paper of memoranda.

Folio 101 b.

Monday before the Feast of St. Michael, 6 Edward I. [A.D. 1278], were elected Sheriffs by the Mayor, Aldermen, and reputable men of the City, viz.:—

William le Mazeliner. Pledges, Henry de Coventre,
Philip le Taylur,
Robert de Basinge. Pledges, Robert de Rokesle,
Robert de Araz,

for paying faithfully the ferm to the lord the King.

Monday before the Feast of St. Michael, 7 Edward I. [A.D. 1279], were elected Sheriffs by the Mayor, Aldermen, and reputable men of the City, viz.:—

Thomas Box. Pledges, Gregory de Rokesle,
William de Durham,
Ralph de la More. Pledges, Thomas de Basinge,
Nicholas de Wynchester,

for faithfully paying the ferm to the lord the King. Afterwards the said Thomas was deposed for a certain trespass charged against him, but was restored to his former estate on the Saturday before the Feast of St. John Bapt. [24 June], the same year, by the same pledges. (fn. 4)

Monday before the Feast of St. Michael, 8 Edward I. [A.D. 1280], were elected Sheriffs by the Mayor, Aldermen, and reputable men of the City, viz.:—

William de Farndone. Pledges, Henry le Waleis,
Walter le Cornwallis,
Nicholas de Winchester. Pledges, Thomas de Basinge,
Robert de Basinge,

for the ferm, &c.

Monday before the Feast of St. Michael, 9 Edward I. [A.D. 1281], were elected Sheriffs, viz.:—

William le Mazeliner. Pledges, William de Durame,
William de Farndone,
Richard de Chikewelle. Pledges, Gregory de Rokesle,
Nicholas de Winchester,

for the ferm, &c.

Thursday before the Feast of St. Michael, 10 Edward I. [A.D. 1282], were elected Sheriffs by Henry le Waleys, Mayor, the Aldermen, and reputable men of the City:—

Walter Blund. Pledges for the ferm, Robert de Meldeburn and Stephen Pikeman.
Stephen de Cornhulle. (fn. 5)

Monday the eve of St. Matthew [sic], 11 Edward I. [A.D. 1283], were elected Sheriffs by Henry le Galeys, Mayor, the Aldermen, and citizens:—

Martin Box. Pledges, Gregory de Rokesle,
Robert de Arras.
Jordan Godchep. Pledges, Anketin de Betevile,
Walter le Blound.

Friday after the Feast of St. Michael, the year aforesaid, in the presence of Henry le Galeys, Mayor; Sir Gregory de Rokesle, Philip the Tailor, John de Gysors, Robert de Rokesle, John Adrien, William le Mazeliner, Aldermen; Anketin de Bettevile and Walter le Blound, Sheriffs......

Monday before the Feast of St. Michael, 12 Edward I. [A.D. 1284], were elected Sheriffs by Henry le......

Stephen de Cornhulle. Pledges for the ferm, John de Gisors
and Robert de Arras.
Robert de Rokesle. William de Farndone,
Richard de Abindone.

Folio 102.

John Wade.
Walter le Blount.
Sheriffs elected by J[ohn] de Kirkeby, the King's Treasurer, in full Exchequer, and there sworn, 13 Edward I. [A.D. 1285]. (fn. 6)

Anno 14 Edward I. were made Sheriffs of London

Walter Hauteyn.
Thomas Cros.
Elected by J[ohn] de Kirkeby, the King's Treasurer, in full Exchequer.

Michaelmas, 15 Edward I. [A.D. 1287].

William de Hereford.
Thomas de Stanes.
Elected by the same Treasurer.

Michaelmas, 16 Edward I. [A.D. 1288].

John de Canterbury.
William de Betoynne.
Elected Sheriffs of London by the same Treasurer and Barons of the Exchequer, &c.

Michaelmas, 17 Edward I. [A.D. 1289].

Salomon de Laufare, "cotiler."
Fulk de St. Edmund, "buriler."
Elected Sheriffs by ......

Michaelmas, 18 Edward I. [A.D. 1290], Thomas Romeyn and William de Leyre were elected Sheriffs of London and Middlesex by the Commonalty of the City.

Michaelmas, 19 Edward I. [A.D. 1291].

John de Gysors.
Hamo Box.
Elected Sheriffs of London and Middlesex.

Afterwards in the place of the aforesaid John, by common assent of the Aldermen and Commonalty, was elected Ralph le Blunt to the Shrievalty of London and Middlesex, and sworn, &c. The said Ralph found sureties for the ferm, viz., Nicholas de Wynchester and William de Betoynne.

Michaelmas, 21 Edward I. [A.D. 1293], (fn. 7) temp. J[ohn] le Bretun, Warden of London, Robert de Rokesle, junior, and Martin de Aumbresbire, goldsmith, were elected to the Shrievalty of London and Middlesex by the Commonalty of the City, and sworn.

Pledges of Robert de Rokesle to keep the Commonalty indemnified, viz., Adam de Rokesle and William de Rokesle.

Pledges of Martin de Aumbresbere in form aforesaid, &c.......

Folio 102 b.

Monday the Feast of St. Nicholas [6 Dec.], 23 Edward I. [A.D. 1294], in the presence of the Warden and Aldermen in the Guildhall assembled, came Walter de Lothebury and Alice his wife and caused a writing to be read whereby they demised to Stephen de Upton, hosier, and Mabel his wife their tenement and garden in the parish of St. Margaret de Lothebyry, situate near the tenement of Godwyn le Upheldere, reserving to themselves a plot of garden near Walebrok. To hold the same for a term of eight years from Easter last, at an annual rent of 2½ marks, the rent for the first four years being paid in hand. The lessees to have the right of preemption by 40s. Witnesses, Godwyn le Upheldere, Thomas le Chapeler, John le Botouner, Hugh le Cussere, (fn. 8) John de Sabruchesworth, "poleter," Robert Clerk, and others [not named].

Folio 103.

Monday before the Feast of St. Gregory [12 March], 23 Edward I. [A.D. 1294-5], was read in the Chamber of the Guildhall a writing whereby Isabella, daughter of German Brid, fishmonger, and of Lucy his wife ratifies a lease of a house in the parish of St. Olave towards the Tower granted to Nicholas de Welleford, Chamberlain of Sir Roger de l'Isle (de Insula), and Richard de Toterich, hosier of London, by Adam "Godesone" and the aforesaid Lucy, then his wife; the reversion of which house was vested in the said Isabella after the decease of the said German Brid her father. Witnesses, Sir John Breton, Warden of London; Henry Box and Richard de Gloucester, Sheriffs; William de Hereford, Alderman of the Ward; (fn. 9) Samson the Goldsmith, Roger le Rus, and Walter le Taylor.

(Afterwards, viz., on Tuesday before the Feast of St. Valentine, 31 Edward I. [A.D. 1302-3], the said Nicholas de Welleford came before Nicholas "Pycot," the Chamberlain, (fn. 10) and granted his term and interest in the above tenement to Edmund de Marni.)

The same day was read a writing whereby the above Adam "Godessone" and Lucy his wife, late wife of German Brid, demised to Nicholas de Welleford, Chamberlain of Sir Roger de l'Isle, and Richard de Toterich, hosier of London, a brewhouse, with utensils, &c., thereto appertaining, viz., two leaden ovens (furnesiis), a chest (cistia), a leaden trough, four large vats, two casks and a barrel for beer, a vat for straining, two tines, three handmills, eight kymelines, (fn. 11) and a wooden chest, together with a garden in the parish of St. Olave toward the Tower, situate near "Fullane." (fn. 12) To hold for a term of ten years from Easter next. Witnesses as above.

Folio 103 b.

Monday before the Feast of St. Peter in Cathedra [22 Feb.], 24 Edward I. [A.D. 1295-6], was read a writing whereby John de Stapelford, pepperer, and Sarah his wife demised to Simon Godard an annual quitrent of 1 mark issuing from the mansion house of Simon the Baker in the parish of Little St. Bartholomew. (fn. 13) To hold for a term of four years from Easter next. The lessee to have the right of pre-emption. Witnesses, John Bretun, Warden of London; Adam de Hallingeberi and John de Dunstaple, Sheriffs; Salomon le Cotiler, Alderman of the Ward; (fn. 14) William de Laufare, Nicholas Pikot, Robert Colebrock, Giles le Quilter, John Osekin, Simon the Baker, Godwyn le Feliper, Stephen de Upton, Robert Clerk, and others [not named].

Folio 104.

The same day was read a writing whereby Robert le Russindon, spicer, covenanted that as soon as his son Robert came of age he (the son) should confirm a grant made by the aforesaid Robert his father and Alice his mother to Aunsel le Furbur and Margaret his wife of certain tenements lately belonging to Florence, wife of Ralph le Arblaster, in the parish of St. Magnus near London Bridge, and in default to pay the sum of 21 marks. Dated the first Sunday in Lent, 24 Edward I. Witnesses, Adam de Foleham, Alderman; Edmund Horn, John Benere, Stephen Pikeman, John de Storteford, William Lambin, William de Paris, Richard Horn, and Rauf le Clerk.

Folio 104 b.

Tuesday after the Ascension [11 May], 18 Edward I. [A.D. 1290], was read and enrolled before the Chamberlain of London a lease from John Stor and Cristiana his wife to Walter de Bredstrate, cordwainer, of a tenement formerly belonging to Guy de Ripple, situate in Kandelwistrate in the parish of St. Leonard, near the tenements of Robert Champeneys and Walter de Canefeud. To hold for a term of eight years from Midsummer for the sum of 20½ marks in hand paid, and an annual rent of 8s. to the monks of Westminster.

Thursday after Epiphany [6 Jan.], 20 Edward I. [A.D. 1291-2], certain casks of wine which had been seized in the possession of merchants and burgesses of Oxford, for the reason that they had been bought of foreign merchants, and on that account had been forfeited according to the custom of the City, were, at the request of the Bishop of Bath and Wells, addressed to the Warden, Aldermen, and Sheriffs, by special favour delivered up to Richard de Garderoba, Thomas de Sowy, Henry the Apothecary, and Walter de Wycumbe, burgesses of Oxford, on condition that they would not in future make such purchases, especially from strangers, &c., in the said City, but only from citizens and freemen of the said City.

The Bishop's letter attached on a cedula.

Folio 105.

Wednesday after the Feast of St. Gregory [12 March], 22 Edward I. [A.D. 1293-4], was read a lease from Walter de Chiggewelle, cutler, and Margery his wife, daughter of William Munchyot, smith (faber), to Nicholas Pykot, merchant, of a tenement and shop in the parish of St. Michael, Cornhill, situate near the tenement of John de Bokton. To hold for a term of fourteen years from Christmas last, for the sum of £8 in hand paid, and an annual rent of 1 mark to the nuns of St. John de Haliwell, and another mark, by way of dower, to Clemence, late wife of Henry de Evre. Witnesses, Sir John Bretoun, Warden of the City; Martin de Aumbresbere and Robert de Rokesle, Sheriffs; Martin Box, Alderman of the Ward; (fn. 15) Hamo Box, John de Bokton, Robert de Fyngreth, Ralph de Honilane, Richard de Lameth, and many others [not named].

Folio 105 b.

Monday the Feast of St. Katherine [25 Nov.], 9 Edward I. [A.D. 1280], was read a writing whereby Walter Woleward demised to William de Staunford, mercer, an annual rent of 24 marks formerly demised to the said Walter by Robert, son of Geoffrey le Marescal, and Emma his wife, issuing from their tenement situate without Neugate in the parish of St. Sepulchre. To hold to the said William for a term of eleven years from Christmas next. Witnesses, &c.

Folio 106.

Monday after the Feast of Translation of St. Edward [13 Oct.], 8 Edward I. [A.D. 1280], was read a certain agreement whereby Ralph de Balesham, saddler, demised to John Gardeboys, saddler, an annual quitrent of 3½ marks issuing from his tenement in Westchepe in the parish of St. Vedast, situate near the tenements of John Godard and Robert de Catesdone, and also charged on an annual rent of 20s. issuing from the tenement of Remund de Burdeus situate in Goderonlane. To hold the said annual rent of 3½ marks for a term of 12 years from Michaelmas last. Witnesses, &c.

Thursday after the Feast of [Translation of ?] St. Edward [13 Oct.], 10 Edward I. [A.D. 1282], was acknowledged a writing whereby Stephen de Oxenerode and Matilda his wife demised to John Baudri and Margery his wife a part of two shops devised to the said Matilda by Gilbert de Chesewick her father, the said shops being situate in Breggestrate, in the parish of St. Margaret and the parish of St. Magnus respectively. To hold for a term of three years from Michaelmas, A D. 1284. Witnesses, &c.

Folio 106 b.

Monday after the Feast of Translation of St. Edward [13 Oct.], 8 Edward I. [A.D. 1280], was read a writing whereby Walter de Rokesle, corder, demised to Gregory de Rokesle an annual quitrent of 6 marks issuing from certain tenements, viz., from a tenement in St. Nicholas Lane, in the parish of St Martin de Candlewystrate, situate near the tenements of Adam "Wodebrock" and Geoffrey le Seinturer; a tenement in the lane and parish of St. Laurence, near the tenements of Fulk de St. Edmund, Roger David, and Elias de Notingeham; and from a plot of land situate near the tenements of Godfrey (Godefridi) Schad and Arnald de "Diepe." To hold the said rent for a term of seven years from Michaelmas last. Witnesses, William de Farndone and Stephen de Cornhill, Sheriffs; Thomas de Basinge, Alderman of the Ward. (fn. 16)

The same day was read an agreement whereby Thomas, son of Walter Firbras, demised to Walter de Rokesle, corder, a tenement in St. Nicholas Lane, in the parish of St. Martin de Candlewystrate, situate near the tenements of Adam "Wodekoc" and Geoffrey Seinturer, and another tenement in the lane and parish of St. Laurence de Candlewystrate, situate near the tenements of Fulk de St. Edmund, Roger David, and Elias de Notingeham, together with a plot of land near the tenements of Geoffrey (Galfridi) Shad and Arnald de "Depe." To hold the said tenements and land for a term of seven years from Michaelmas last at an annual rent of 30s., the sum of 36 marks being paid in hand.

Folio 107 b.

Monday after the Feast of St. Scolastica [10 Feb.], 8 Edward I. [A.D. 1279-80], the sixth year of the Mayoralty of G[regory] de Rokele, was read an agreement whereby Robert de Kyngestone and Isabella his wife demised to Robert de Suffoque a tenement in the parish of All Hallows del Heiffwarf, situate near the tenement of "Arnold" de Depe and Grenewichislane, and extending to the tenement of John de Gisors. To hold for a term of six years from Easter last for 30 marks in hand paid, and an annual rent of 20s. to the nuns of St. John de Haliwelle and a similar rent to John de Gisors.

The same day was read in full Husting an agreement whereby John de Quoye and Johanna his wife, daughter of John Viel, junior, demised to Roger the Tailor their capital mansion in Bredstrete, formerly belonging to Roger le Duc, together with a shop formerly held by Hugh de Lenne, skinner. To hold for a term of eight years from Christmas, A.D. 1279, at an annual rent of 10 marks, the same for the first three years being paid in hand.

Folio 108.

Monday after the Feast of Purification B. M. [2 Feb.], 6 Edward I. [A.D. 1277-8], Gregory de Rokesle being Mayor, and Walter le Cornewaleys and John, son of John Adrian, Sheriffs, came Sarah, daughter of Alexander Haberdas, in full Husting and asked that a deed of agreement might be enrolled whereby Roger, son of Margaret Sibiling, demised to the said Sarah his capital messuage in the parish of Little St. Bartholomew. To hold for a term of eight years from Michaelmas last at an annual rent of 9 marks, the rent for the first two years being paid in hand. In case of sale the said Sarah to have the right of pre-emption by one bizant (fn. 17) of gold.

Thursday after the Feast of St. Andrew [30 Nov.], 25 Edward I. [A.D. 1296], Edmund May acknowledged himself bound to Boydin de Gren in the sum of 66s. 8d. on a loan; to be paid by instalments of 10s. at Whitsuntide and Michaelmas, and so from year to year, and at Pentecost in the fourth year the sum of 6s. 8d. As security he conveys to the said Boydin a place called "Snores" at the new Chepe, (fn. 18) in the parish of St. Mary de Wolcherhawe, situate near the property of William de Chipenham and Roger Pik. To hold for one year after the expiration of a lease for three years formerly granted in case of default.

The same day came Boydin the Butcher and caused a writing to be read releasing Edmund May at the end of his term of apprenticeship and testifying to his faithful service.

Folio 108 b.

[Here follow rules made temp. Gregory de Rokesle, Mayor, 8 Edward I., A D. 1279-80, for the better regulation of the Countors and Attorneys in the City Courts, as set out and printed (with but little variation except in the spelling), together with a translation, in 'Liber Custumarum' (Rolls Series), i. 280- 282; ii. 595-597. Another copy of the rules is inserted in 'Liber Horn' (fos. 247-248 b), with the following marginal reference to Letter-Book A: hec invenies in nigro libro Gildaule cum litera A prope in fine.—Editor.]

Folio 109.

Wednesday before Ash Wednesday [23 Feb.], 17 Edward I. [A.D. 1288-9], Richard de Kirkham, Hugh de Hertweyton, William de Marisco, and Richard de Wylton were admitted and sworn to the office of Pleader (Narrator), and sworn to observe the above statutes, before J[ohn] le Bretun, Warden of London; John de Canterbury and William de Betoynne, Sheriffs; G[regory] de Rokesle, (fn. 19) John de Batquill, (fn. 20) William de Hereford, (fn. 21) John Fitz Peter, (fn. 22) Joce le Acatur, (fn. 23) Thomas Box, (fn. 24) and William le Mazeliner (fn. 25) [Aldermen].

The same day Richard de Gladewyn, Simon Godard, Geoffrey de Rothinge, Terricus de Enefeud, Ralph Peverel, and Hugh de Maundeville were admitted and elected by the above Pleaders, and sworn to observe the above statutes as much as in them is, &c., before the aforesaid Warden, Sheriffs, and Aldermen, &c.

Folio 109 b.

Monday the Feast of St. Valentine [14 Feb.], 6 Edward I. [A.D. 1277-8], Gregory de Rokesle, the Mayor; Walter le Engleys, (fn. 26) the Sheriff; William de Durham, (fn. 27) J[ohn] Horn, (fn. 28) Philip the Tailor, (fn. 29) Henry de Coventre, (fn. 30) Thomas de Basinge, (fn. 31) N[icholas] de Wynchester, (fn. 32) R[obert] de Meldeburn, (fn. 33) and J[ohn] de Blakethorn, (fn. 34) Aldermen, and other reputable men, grant to Bartholomew le Lokier de Chyngeford a plot of land near Ludgate. To hold of the Commonalty of London for ever, paying at Easter to the Commonalty the sum of 5s .

Monday before the Feast of St. Michael [29 Sept.], 7 Edward I. [A.D. 1279], Gregory de Rokesle, the Mayor, and the Aldermen and other reputable men grant to Martin le Criur the sum of 2s. annually of primer seisin made in each ward for the term of his life after Michaelmas Day. Names of the Aldermen in whose presence the above grant was made, viz., G[regory] de Rokesle, (fn. 35) Henry le Waleys, (fn. 36) William de Durham, John Horn, Robert de Rokesle, (fn. 37) Philip the Tailor, Ralph le Blund, (fn. 38) John de Northamton, (fn. 39) William de Farndon, Nicholas de Wynchester, Thomas de Basinge, John Adrian, (fn. 40) Robert de Meldeburn.

Folio 110.

Monday the Feast of St. Luke [18 Oct.], in Pleas of Lands, 11 Edward I. [A.D. 1283], by consideration of Henry le Waleys, the Mayor; Gregory de Rokesle, Philip the Tailor, Stephen Eswy, (fn. 41) William de Farendon, Nicholas de Wynchester, Robert de Basinges, (fn. 42) Ralph de Alegate, (fn. 43) Robert de Rokesle, (fn. 44) Wlmar de Essex, (fn. 45) John Adrian, John de Gisors, (fn. 46) John Fitz Peter, (fn. 47) Aldermen; and Martin Box and Jordan Gudchep, Sheriffs of London, it was adjudged that the Sheriffs of London should not thenceforth deliver the county of Middlesex to ferm. (fn. 48)

The same day it was adjudged that two men in each ward of the more discreet and of those seised [of property] be elected, and, being sworn in all pleas of lands, should divulge the names of the better and wiser sort residing in their wards, by whom the truth of a matter may be better ascertained in taking a great assize. (fn. 49)

The same day Gerard de Bruie and John de Lincoln were received and sworn brokers of merchandise coming from the parts of Spain and Portugal, viz., leather, bazen, "caberm'," "baldris," (fn. 50) cummin, &c.

Monday before Ash Wednesday [23 Feb.], 17 Edward I. [A.D. 1288-9], Henry Bonquer and [blank] were admitted and sworn to the office of brokers of merchandise coming to London from the parts of Spain and Portugal, viz., leather, bazen, goatskins (caprill'), "baldr'," cummin, &c., temp. J[ohn] le Bretun, Warden of London, &c., John de Canterbury and William de Betoynne, Sheriffs, &c.

Wednesday the eve of St. Laurence [10 Aug.], 18 Edward I. [A.D. 1290], it was adjudged by Ralph de Sandwich, Warden of the City; Gregory de Rokesle, John de Banquell, (fn. 51) Joce le Achatur, (fn. 52) Nicholas de Winchester, William de Farndone, Richard Aswy, (fn. 53) John de Canterbury, (fn. 54) and Robert de Rokesle, Aldermen, that all pledges taken from divers citizens for arrears of assessment made against the King's return from parts of Gascony should be sold; and precept was given by the aforesaid Warden and Aldermen to William de Bettoyne, the Chamberlain, to sell the same, and Joce le Achatur and John de Canterbury were appointed to carry out and superintend the sale.

Footnotes

1 Sheriffs in 1274.
2 The City's 'Liber Custumarum' (Rolls Series), i. 239-46, which professes to give the names of the various Mayors, Sheriffs, Chamberlains, and Coroners from 7 Edward I. to 14 Edward II., is frequently incorrect as to the name of the Chamberlain (or Chamberlains) for the time being. In the twenty-seventh year of Edward I., John de Dunstaple and Simon de Paris appear to have been joint Chamberlains (see Letter-Book B, fo. 75), but the name of the Chamberlain for that year given in the 'Liber Custumarum' is Matthew de Columbariis.
3 Or "Pycot." The 'Liber Custumarum' (ibid.) gives Adam de Rokesle as Chamberlain for this and two following years.
4 What his particular trespass was does not appear, but the fact of his having been removed at Easter following and reinstated per suum novum juramentum is recorded in the 'Chronicles Edward I. and II.' (Rolls Series), i. 89.
5 This appears to be a mistake, Anketin de Beteville having served as Sheriff with Walter Blund, as given below.
6 The City had recently been taken into the King's hand, and was being governed by a Warden of his own choosing instead of by a Mayor elected by the citizens.
7 On Monday the morrow of the Feast of St. Matthew, Ap. [21 Sept.], 20 Edward I. [A.D. 1292], Henry le Bole and Elias Russell are recorded as having been elected Sheriffs of London and Middlesex by Ralph de Sandwych, the Warden, and thirteen Aldermen, their pledges being John de Canterbury, Alderman, and Geoffrey de Hundesdich for Bole, and Henry le Bole and Adam de Rokesle for Russell (Letter-Book C, fo. 4 b). Elsewhere (as already mentioned supra, p. 178,n. 3) they appear as having been appointed the King's appropriatores, or "improvers," an appointment which led to some controversy and to a formal recognition of the right of the Commonalty to elect their own Sheriffs.
8 Probably a maker of "cushes," or armour for the thighs.
9 Aldgate. Letter-Book C, fo. 6.
10 The 'Lib. Cust.' (Rolls Series), i. 243, gives William Trente as Chamberlain at this time.
11 Tubs for brewing (Riley).
12 Fowl lane. Is this identical with "Chick Lane" in the neighbourhood?
13 St. Bartholomew by the Exchange.
14 Broad Street.
15 Cornhill.
16 Candlewick.
17 A gold coin of the value, apparently, of 25 shillings in silver, originally struck at Byzantium by the Greek emperors. See 'Lib. Cust.,' Glossary of Med. Latin, s. v. besantus.
18 Probably the Stocks market.
19 Dowgate, circa 1285.
20 Dowgate, circa 1293.
21 Aldgate.
22 Coleman Street.
23 Bridge.
24 Walbrook.
25 Aldersgate.
26 Elsewhere called Cornewaleys.
27 Bread Street.
28 Bridge.
29 Bishopsgate.
30 Vintry.
31 Candlewick.
32 Langbourn.
33 Aldersgate (?).
34 Aldersgate (?).
35 Dowgate.
36 Cordwainer Street.
37 Lime Street (?).
38 Bassishaw.
39 Aldgate.
40 Walbrook.
41 Cheap.
42 Candlewick Street.
43 Cornhill (?).
44 Lime Street.
45 Billingsgate.
46 Vintry.
47 Coleman Street.
48 This and the following entry are recorded in the 'Liber Horn' (fo. 263 b) and the 'Liber Memorandorum' (fos. 2 b, 3), the latter referring to Letter-Book A in the following marginal note: De ponendo Midd' ad fermam in libro nigro cum litera A in tercia parte versus finem .
49 The following marginal note occurs both in 'Liber Horn' and 'Liber Memorandorum,' viz.: Quod in omnibus placitis terrarum sint duo homines feossati.
50 Cf. supra, p. 28, a white Spanish leather called "Baldred."
51 Dowgate (?).
52 Bridge.
53 Castle Baynard.
54 Tower.


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