Folio x (xxxiv).
Grant by Richard, Earl of Cornwall, to the Mayor and
citizens of London, of Queenhithe, to be held at a fee farm
rent of £50. Dated the Feast of Translation of St. Edward
[13 Oct.], 30 Henry III. [A. D. 1246]. Also Charter of Confirmation of the same by the King. Dated Wyndlesore, 26 Feb.,
31 Hen. III. [A. D. 1246-7]. (fn. 1)
[Fos. x b-xii b blank.]
Folio xiii (xxxvii).
[Here follow particulars of the manner of setting the assize
of bread, commencing Secundum consuetudinem civitatis London ......
and ending et ita adequatur numerus panum numero obolorum et
pondus idem est. Printed in the 'Liber Albus,' i. 349-51. See also
'Assisa Panis,' fo. 1 b, and 'Liber Horn,' fo. 234. -Editor.]
Folio xiii b (xxxvii b).
[Regulations for the assize of buildings ordained A. D. 1189,
commonly known as Fitz Eylwyn's Assize. Printed in the
'Liber Albus,' i. 319-32.-Editor.]
Folio xv b (xxxix b).
Articles confirmed by the lord the King touching the state of the
City and the strict observance of the peace, which articles are
sealed with the Great Seal of the King. (fn. 2)
These are the articles which our lord the King commands
to be kept in his City of London for the preservation of his
peace. Firstly, that whereas murders, robberies, and homicides
have in times past been committed in the City by night and day,
it is forbidden that any one walk the streets after curfew tolled
at St. Martin le Grand (fn. 3) with sword, buckler, or other arm
unless he be a great lord, or other respectable person of note,
or their acknowledged retainer, bearing a light; and if any be
found doing the contrary they are to be committed to the Tun,
and the next day brought before the Warden or Mayor and
Aldermen, and punished accordingly. No taverner to keep his
tavern open for wine or beer after curfew, nor admit any one
into his tavern nor into his house, unless he be willing to answer
for the King's peace, under penalties named. (fn. 4) No one to keep a
fencing school by night or day, under pain of imprisonment for
forty days. (fn. 5) And whereas misdoers who have been arrested
are often treated too leniently, to the encouragement of others,
it is ordained that no prisoner be released by a Sheriff or his
officer without the cognizance of the Warden or Mayor and the
Aldermen; and that each Alderman make diligent search in his
Ward for misdoers, and if any such be found, to bring them
before the Warden or Mayor and the Aldermen for due punishment if proved guilty of the charges brought against them. (fn. 6) No
foreigner nor stranger to keep hostel within the City, but only
those who are freemen of the City, or who can produce a good
character from the place whence they have come, and are ready
to find sureties for good behaviour. (fn. 7) No broker to be allowed
in the City except those that are sworn before the Warden or
Mayor and the Aldermen. And if any broker or hosteler be
found, in contravention of these ordinances, after one month from
the date of publication of the same, they are to be arrested and
punished in manner prescribed. (fn. 8) The King, who desires that
the peace of his City be well kept among all folk, has heard
that the above articles are not observed, nor can be observed,
by reason of his Ministers oftentimes incurring displeasure and
punishment for having imprisoned and otherwise punished misdoers and suspected persons, whereby the Ministers aforesaid
hesitate to punish evildoers, who become emboldened the more
in their evil ways; he therefore wills and commands that his
Ministers be not in future impleaded for punishing offenders,
unless it be shown that they have acted through malice. And
he wills that the above ordinances be kept for preserving the
peace, together with any amendment it may please him to
make for the benefit of the City.
[Fos. xvi b-xvii b blank.]
Temp. Sir J[ohn] le Bretun, continued.
Brokers sworn for the office (ad officium) of Woolmen (Lanarii)
and Drapers (Draparii) and elected, &c., viz., Friday before the
Feast of St. Michael, 21 Edward I. [A. D. 1293], viz., John
Carbonel, Boydin de Huntingdone, John de Huntingdone, Peter
de Candano, (fn. 9) John de Braban, William Sauvage, (fn. 10) Nicholas de
Caumbraye, William de la Vyle, Walter Dyry, Rabaot de
Worleys (?), Henry de Abyndone.
Brokers elected and sworn for the office of Corders, viz.,
Reginald le Suur, Ralph de Pelham, William de Watel.
Brokers elected and sworn for the office of Skinners, viz.,
Henry Banquer, Gerard de Brye, Nicholas de York, Robert de
Brokers elected and sworn for the office of Apothecaries, viz.,
Henry Banquer, John de Stapelford, Silvester de Farnham, (fn. 11)
Henry de Enefeud.
Brokers elected and sworn for the office of Wines, viz.,
Nicholas de Suffolk, Edmund de Suffolk, William de Portesmewe, Andrew de Pavely, William de Duntone, John le
Murager, Robert le Barber, Simon de Trys.
And the same day it was agreed by the Warden and Aldermen, for the benefit of the whole City and of foreigners alike,
that no one in future should meddle with brokerage of corn or
malt, under penalty of the statute, &c.
Broker elected and sworn for the office of hiring ships, viz.,
Jurdan de Wicsaund.
On Tuesday the Feast of St. Edward, K .[13 Oct.], 21 Edward I. [A. D. 1293], William le Chaundeler kept his day and
appeared before the Warden and Aldermen to receive judgment for opprobrious words used towards Geoffrey le Hurer,
the King's Serjeant, saying that he ought to be hanged and
drawn through the streets of London like Randkyn de Laufare,
and that he was a bad and false man, &c., in contempt of
the lord the King and of the Warden and Aldermen, of which
contempt he had been convicted and had found sureties to come
up for judgment, and having appeared, he, in the presence of
the Warden; the Sheriffs, and Robert de Basinge, John de
Banquille, Elias Russel, Walter de Finchingfeud, John de
Canterbury, Henry le Bole, Robert de Rokesle, John de Dunstaple, and William de Betoynne, Aldermen, straightly denies the
record, and further declares that the Aldermen (who had convicted him) were hostile, and he does not abide by their record
and that of the Warden; and because it appeared by the
record that the said William did use the expressions with which
he was charged, he is committed to prison according to the form
of the statute put forth by the King for the benefit of the City of
Westminster, &c., quousque, &c. Afterwards, viz., on Friday after
the Feast of St. Luke [18 Oct.], the said William was mainprised
by Henry le Belhus, Edmund le Taillur de Otteswich, William
de Leyham, tailor, and Richard Jurdan, "paternostrer," &c.
[Folios. xviii b blank.]
Deed of covenant whereby Sir John de Lovetot (or Lovetoft), (fn. 12)
senior, conveys to Robert de Basingge the marriage (maritagium)
Convencio inter Johannem Louetoft seniorem et Robertum de Basingge
of Margaret, daughter and heiress of Thomas, son of Ralph de
Normanville, and the guardianship of all lands and tenements
coming to her on the decease of her said father and of Ralph her
uncle, together with the advowson of the church of Kynardintone, (fn. 13)
&c., excepting the dower of Dionisia her mother, and saving to the
aforesaid John certain emblements; the said Robert paying to
the said John a sum of money in hand, and covenanting to pay
the sum of £200 by instalments as prescribed. The sum of
200 marks to be in respite, to be paid in the event of the said
Margaret living beyond the term of four years from the date of
this deed, or dying within the term, leaving issue, the grantor
to be indemnified respecting "Gavelkynde" (fn. 14) in Kent, &c. The
aforesaid Robert covenants to allow his son, who is about to
marry the said Margaret, to endow her with twenty librates (fn. 15) of
land. Sureties for the grantor, William de Hereford, John le
Blund, and William le Mazeliner. Dated the Feast of the Circumcision [1 Jan.], 22 Edward I. [A. D. 1293-4].
Afterwards, viz., on Monday the Feast of Annunciation
B. M. [25 March], 31 Edward I. [A. D. 1303], came Nicholas
de Sparkford, executor of John de Lovetot, before John le
Blunt, Mayor, William de Beton', Thomas Romeyn, Richard
de Gloucestre, Richard Asshewy, and Nicholas Pycot, then
Chamberlain, and delivered up the above deed to the
aforesaid Margaret, widow and executrix of Robert de
Basingge, and acknowledged complete satisfaction, &c. It
is therefore cancelled.
Folio xix b
Pro Nicholao de Cocfeud.
Letters of protection in favour of Nicholas de Cockefeud, who
was about to cross to Gascony on the King's business. Dated
"Butteleye," 22 Aug., 22 Edward I. [A. D. 1294].
Aubyn le Archier attached to answer the Commonalty of
the City of London for that he, not being free nor sworn of the
said City, buys and sells by retail (per particulas) within the City
as if he were a freeman, to the prejudice and loss of divers men
in his business (de officio suo) and other citizens of the same City, &c. And the aforesaid Aubyn comes and gives no reason why
he should enjoy the freedom of the City, nor can he deny that
he trafficked in the manner charged Therefore he is in mercy.
And he is told not to traffic in future within the City quousque,
&c. And he finds sureties for his fine, and that in future, &c.,
viz., William le Frauncis, Reginald le Carpenter, called Heyne,
Ralph Faber de Insula, and Robert de la Ryde, &c.
Pro Willelmo Cok'.
Letters of protection in favour of William Cok', of London,
who was about to cross to Gascony in the company of Roger
de Mortimer. Dated "Portesmwe," 10 Aug., 22 Edward I.
[A. D. 1294].
Pro Willelmo de Lyndes'.
Similar letters on behalf of William de Lindes[ey], about to
go to Gascony in the company of Hugh de Veer, &c.
Be it remembered that on Monday before the Feast of
St. Michael, 22 Edward I. [A. D. 1294], three charters of the
liberty of the City of London were delivered to Walter
de Finchingfeud, Walter de Rokele, and Adam de Rokele,
Aldermen, viz., two charters in the name of King Henry and
one in the name of King Richard, to prosecute before the lord
the King for pannage (fn. 16) and pontage (fn. 17) demanded of citizens of
London at Cantebrege and Staines by precept of eighteen
Aldermen, viz., Stephen Aswy, John......