Folios i - x

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Centre for Metropolitan History

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Author

Reginald R. Sharpe (editor)

Year published

1902

Pages

13-44

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'Folios i - x', Calendar of letter-books of the city of London: D: 1309-1314 (1902), pp. 13-44. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=33073 Date accessed: 01 August 2014.


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Folio i.

Another copy of the oath of the Mayor.

Another copy of the oath of the Aldermen. (fn. 1) .

Another copy of the oath of the Recorder.

Sacramentum clericorum vicecomitum patet in secundo folio sequente ad hoc signum ✠. (fn. 2) .

Folio 1 b.

Admissio Thome de Kent in servientem Maior' et communitatis.

Monday next after the Feast of St. Luke the Evangelist [18 Oct.], 3 Edward II. [A.D. 1309], in full Husting for Common Pleas, in the presence of Nicholas de Farndone, then Mayor, John de Wengrave, Richard de Gloucestre, William Trente, Thomas Romain, Nicholas Picot, Simon Bolet, John de Windesore, Aldermen, James Foulk and Roger le Paumer, Sheriffs, Thomas de Kent admitted Serjeant of the Mayor and Commonalty of the City of London, loco Thomas Juvenal, for life and during good behaviour, &c.

Admissio Philippi de Merdele in servientem Camere.

Friday after the Feast of St. Hillary [13 Jan.], 3 Edward II. [A.D. 1309-10], in the presence of Thomas Romain, the Mayor, John de Wengrave, John de Windesore, William Trente, Henry de Durham, Nicholas Picot, and Simon Bolet, Aldermen, Philip de Merdele admitted Serjeant of the Chamber of the Guildhall, with a salary of 30s., up to Michaelmas next.

Admissio Magistri Reginaldi de Swafham carpentar' ad assisas.

Tuesday after the Feast of St. Hillary [13 Jan.], the same year, Master Reginald de Swafham, carpenter, admitted and sworn before the Mayor and Aldermen to do all things appertaining to assizes and divisions of tenements in the City and suburb, so far as they belong to the trade of a carpenter, according to the custom of the City, where and whensoever he shall be required, &c.

Admissio Johannis de Linc' in Alderm' de Bassieshawe.

Tuesday the morrow of the Purification B.M. [2 Feb.], the same year, in the presence of Thomas Romayn, the Mayor, Nicholas de Farendone, William de Leire, John de Wyndesore, Simon de Paris, Nicholas Pikot, and Simon Bolet, Aldermen, there came good men of the Ward of Bassieshawe and presented John de Lincoln, whom they unanimously elected their Alderman, and prayed that he might be admitted, &c. Thereupon a day was given until the Friday following, on which day came the aforesaid John and other good men of the said Ward, and he was admitted Alderman and sworn, &c., before Thomas Romain, the Mayor, John de Windesore, Richard de Gloucestre, William de Coumbemartin, Simon Bolet, Simon de Paris, and Thomas Seeli, Aldermen, &c.

Admissio Johannis Gisþrce in Alderm' Vinetrie.

Monday before Ash Wednesday [4 March], the same year, in the presence of Thomas Romayn, the Mayor, John de Wyndesores, Henry de Gloucestre, Richard de Wirhale, William de Coumbemartyn, and John de Lincoln, Aldermen, came Stephen de Coventre, William Potrel, John de Berdene, Henry Monquey, and Henry le Chaundeler, together with the rest (cum ceteris) of the good men of the Ward of Vintry, London, and presented John [de] "Gisorce," whom they had previously elected their Alderman, and prayed that he might be admitted to that office And the aforesaid John, with the unanimous assent and consent of the aforesaid Mayor and Aldermen, was admitted to be Alderman of the Ward aforesaid, &c. And the aforesaid John swore, &c.

Admissio Anletyni de Gysorcio in Alderm'.

Monday before the Feast of St. Hillary [13 Jan.], 5 Edward II. [A.D. 1311-12], Anketyn de Gysors elected Alderman of the Ward of Alegate by good men of the same in the presence of John de Gysors, the Mayor, John de Wengrave, John de Wyndesore, Richard de Wyrhall, John de Lincoln, Geoffrey de Conduit, and Simon Bolet, Aldermen, and by the aforesaid Mayor, Aldermen, and good men he was admitted and sworn, &c.

Folio ii.

Eleccio Rogeri le Paumer et Jacobi de Sancto Edmundo vic' London'.

Sunday the eve of St. Michael [29 Sept.], 3 Edward II. [A.D. 1309], Roger le Paumer and James, son of Fulk de St. Edmund, elected Sheriffs of London and Middlesex by Sir Nicholas de Farndone, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, and also by twelve good and true men of each Ward summoned for the purpose, &c. And afterwards, on Tuesday the morrow of St. Michael aforesaid, the said Roger and James were presented at the Exchequer of the lord the King at Westminster, &c., and there were admitted &c., as appears in another black book of memoranda of this kind, (fn. 3) &c.

Eleccto Thome Romayn in Maiorem Lond.

Tuesday the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.], 3 Edward II. [A.D. 1309], Thomas Romayn elected Mayor of the City of London by Nicholas de Farndone, the previous Mayor, John de Wengrave, William de Leire, John de Wyndesore, Simon de Paris, John le Coroner, (fn. 4) Nicholas Pikot, Henry de Dureme, William Trente, John de Gisors, Geoffrey de Conduit, Simon Bolet, Richard de Wirhale, William Servad, and Richer de Refham, Aldermen, and Roger le Paumer and James, son of Fulk de St. Edmund, Sheriffs, and twelve men from each Ward summoned for the purpose, &c.

And on the Wednesday following the aforesaid Thomas was presented before the Barons of the Exchequer at Westminster by the aforesaid Aldermen and Commonalty, and was there admitted and sworn.

Afterwards, viz., on Monday the Feast of the Conception B.M. [8 Dec.], the aforesaid Thomas Romayn was presented before the lord Edward the King at Westminster, and was admitted as Mayor by the said lord the King, (fn. 5) &c.

Eleccto Petri de Blal eneye et Simon' Corp vic' London'.

Monday the eve of St. Michael [29 Sept.], 4 Edward II. [A.D. 1310], Peter de Blakeneye and Simon Corp elected Sheriffs of London and Middlesex by Sir Thomas Romayn, the Mayor, Nicholas de Farndone, John de Wengrave, John de Wyndesore, Nicholas Picot, William Cosyn, William Servad, Thomas Seely, Simon Bolet, John de Lincoln, Nigel Drury, Simon de Paris, William Trente, and William de Leire, Aldermen, and also by twelve good and true men from each Ward summoned for the purpose, and were sworn.

Afterwards, on Wednesday the morrow of St. Michael, the said Peter and Simon were presented at the Exchequer of the lord the King at Westminster, &c., and there admitted, &c.

Eleccio Richeri de Refham in Maiorem.

Wednesday the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.], 4 Edward II. [A.D. 1310], Richer de Refham elected Mayor by Thomas Romayn, the previous Mayor, Nicholas de Farendone, John de Wengrave, William de Leire, John de Wyndesore, Simon de Paris, Nicholas Picot, William Trente, Geoffrey de Conduit, William Cosyn, John de "Gysorce," John de Lincoln, Richard de Gloucestre, Richard de Wyrhale, Henry de Gloucestre, Walter de Rokesle, William de Coumbemartyn, William Servat, and Thomas Sely, Aldermen, and Simon Corp and Peter de Blakeneye, Sheriffs, and twelve of the better men of each Ward summoned for the purpose.

And on the Thursday following the aforesaid Richer was presented before the Barons of the Exchequer at Westminster, and was there admitted Mayor of the City aforesaid, and sworn, &c.

Afterwards, on Tuesday after the Feast of Assumption B M [15 Aug.], anno 5 Edward II. [A.D. 1311], the said Richer was presented before the King lying at the Preaching Friars, and was by the King admitted Mayor, &c.

Folio ii b.

Be it remembered that on Sunday the Feast of St. Peter ad Vincula [1 Aug.], 5 Edward II. [A.D. 1311], Peter de Blakeneye, one of the Sheriffs of London, went the way of all flesh And forasmuch as he died in the year of his Shrievalty, and the citizens wish to be assured of the ferm of the City and other matters appertaining to the said office towards the King and others, and in order that the Commonalty may be kept harmless, it was ordained on the following Monday by Sirs Richer de Refham, the Mayor, Thomas Romayn, Nicholas de Farndon, John de Wengrave, William de Leire, Richard de Gloucestre, Nicholas Picot, and Simon de Paris, Aldermen, that all the goods, &c., of the said Peter in the City should be taken into the City's hand until further order, &c. Precept was, moreover, issued for the attendance of his executors and clerks before the Mayor and Aldermen, and Cecilia, late wife of the said Peter, John de Camera, (fn. 6) clerk, and Adam Honteman, executors of the said Peter, were mainprised by Geoffrey Hurel, Adam "Lotekyn," John de Cantebrige, Ralph le Taverner de Billinggesgate, Simon Turgys, and Lovekyn de Brightlyngseye, to appear before the Mayor and William de Leyre, Alderman, on the morrow at the Guildhall, on which day the said executors appeared and prayed that some one might be appointed in the place of the said Peter to execute the duties appertaining to the said bailiwick, and the aforesaid Mayor and Aldermen gave their assent, and John de Cauntebrege, mercer, was substituted for the said Peter, and sworn to execute the aforesaid duties, announcement being made of the same to the whole Commonalty assembled on Wednesday. And the aforesaid Cecilia agreed to give the sum of £20 to the said John for his trouble, and for discharging the said Peter's account at the Exchequer.

Another copy of the oath of the Sheriffs' Clerks (fn. 7) (French).

Folio iii.

Eleccio Ricardi de Welleford et Sim' de Mere worth in vic' a° v to.

Tuesday the eve of St. Michael [29 Sept.], 5 Edward II. [A.D. 1311], Richard de Welleford and Simon de Mereworth elected Sheriffs of London by Sir Richer de Refham, the Mayor, Nicholas de Farndone, Thomas Romayn, John de Wengrave, John de Gysors, Richard de Gloucestre, Geoffrey de Conduit, Nicholas "Pikoc," William de Leire, Nigel Drury, Henry de Durham, John de Lincoln, and Simon Bolet, Aldermen, Simon Corp, one of the Sheriffs, and by the Commonalty of the City, &c.

The following day the said Sheriffs were presented at the Exchequer of the lord the King at Westminster before the Treasurer and Barons there.

Thursday the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.], 5 Edward II. [A.D. 1311], John de Gisors elected Mayor by Sir Richer de Refham, the previous Mayor, Nicholas de Farndone, John de Wengrave, William de Leire, Richard de Gloucestre, John de Wyndesore, William Trente, Nigel Drury, Richard de Wyrhale, Henry de Gloucestre, Nicholas Pikot, Henry de Durham, Simon Bolet, John de Lincoln, Simon de Paris, and Geoffrey de Conduit, Aldermen, Richard de Welleford and Simon de Mereworth, then Sheriffs, and by good men of the whole Commonalty summoned for the purpose, and was sworn before the Commonalty, &c.

Afterwards, on the Friday following, he was presented before the Barons of the Exchequer, and there admitted and sworn, &c.

Afterwards, on Wednesday the eve of St. Martin [11 Nov.] following, the said Mayor was presented before the King at Westminster, and by the King was admitted, &c.

Eleccio vic' anno vj to.

Nota de ducione vic'.

Thursday the eve of St. Michael [29 Sept.], 6 Edward II. [A.D. 1312], in the presence of John de Gysors, the Mayor, Nicholas de Farendone, John de Wengrave, William de Leire, John de Wyndesore, Simon Bolet, William Servat, Roger de Frowyk, Anketyn de Gysors, Richard de Gloucestre, William de Coumbemartyn, Nicholas Pikot, Nigel Druri, Geoffrey de Conduit, and Richard de Wyrhale, Aldermen, and twelve men from each Ward summoned to make election of new Sheriffs, by the common assent as well of the Mayor and Aldermen as of the Commonalty, there were elected Sheriffs, viz., John Lambyn, fishmonger, and Richard de Horsham, mercer (mercenarius), &c. And on the morrow the said John came before the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty, and was sworn, &c. And the aforesaid John found pledges to keep the City harmless, viz., William Lambyn and Richard Horn, fishmongers. And the aforesaid Richard came not. Nevertheless, the Mayor and Commonalty went to the Exchequer at Westminster and presented the said John and Richard as their Sheriffs before Sirs Walter de Norwich, the locum tenens of the Treasurer, John de Markyngfeld, Chancellor of the Exchequer, Master Richard de Abyndone, John de Foxle, Master John de Everdone, and John Abel, Barons of the Exchequer, &c. And it was demanded of the Mayor and citizens where was the said Richard de Horsham whom they presented as Sheriff, and it was answered that the Mayor and citizens are for him (sunt pro eo), and this sufficeth them, inasmuch as (ex quo) they (i.e., the Mayor and citizens) have another present, who was prepared in conjunction with them to execute the commands of the lord the King addressed to the said Sheriffs, and so it hath been accustomed here frequently at other times touching other elections, as happened with Walter le Blound and Stephen de Cornehille, when Stephen came not, and with William de Coumbemartyn and John de Burghford, when John came not, and with Simon de Paris and Hugh Pourte, when Hugh came not, and with many others. Nevertheless, those who came were admitted. Thereupon great debate (allegacione) being had by the Mayor and citizens, they prayed leave to hold a conference thereon, &c. And a conference thereon having been held among themselves, they there elected another in the place of the said Richard, viz., Richard de Welleford, who had served as Sheriff the previous year. And lest the liberty of the City should be taken into the King's hand through want of election, they again presented the said Richard de Welleford and John Lambyn the same day, and they were with difficulty admitted. (fn. 8) And at last, when they had been admitted, they were told to make oath there, as did the rest of the Sheriffs of the King. And to this the Mayor and citizens replied that the Sheriffs of London and Middlesex ought not to make oath, nor had hitherto made oath, elsewhere than before them. Thereupon, after examination of the Rolls of the Exchequer, it was found that Fulk de St. Edmund and Salamon le Cutiller, Sheriffs in the.... year of the reign of the present King's father, made oath there before the Barons. (fn. 9) And to this the Mayor and citizens said that this happened under a Warden when the King had the liberty of the City in his hand, and they ought not to be prejudiced on that account, and it is plain that no one can become a Sheriff until he has made oath, &c. And atter these and many other reasons had been propounded, the aforesaid locum tenens of the Treasurer and the Barons admitted the said John and Richard de Welleford as Sheriffs without them making oath there, saving the King's estate, whenever he may be pleased to raise the question at another time, &c. And so they withdrew, &c.

De vic' deceaent' infra annum ballive sue.

Afterwards it happened that the aforesaid Richard de Welleford died on Saturday before Christmas the year aforesaid, and afterwards, on Wednesday after the Feast of the Circumcision next ensuing, in the presence of J[ohn] de Gisors, the Mayor, Nicholas de Farndone, William de Leire, John de Wengrave, Henry de Durham, Roger de Frowyk, Nigel Druri, Stephen de Abyndone, William Servat, Henry de Gloucestre, Simon Bolet, Anketyn de Gisorz, Aldermen, and six or more from each Ward, &c., Adam Ludekyn was elected Sheriff of London in the place of the aforesaid Richard, and afterwards, in the octave of St. Hillary, was admitted at the Exchequer And the same day came Stephen de Stonham and Adam Ludekyn, and mainprised for keeping the City harmless and quit for the whole time of his Shrievalty, by bond of all their goods, lands, and tenements.

Folio iii b.

Eleccio Johan nis de Gysorcio in Maiorem secunda vice.

Friday the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.], 6 Edward II. [A.D. 1312], by Nicholas de Farendone, John de Wengrave, William de Leire, John de Lincoln, Roger de Frowik, John de Wyndesore, Geoffrey de Conduit, Nigel Druri, Richard de Wyrhale, Henry de Durham, Simon Bolet, Anketyn de Gisors, Henry de Gloucestre, William Servat, and William de Coumbemartyn, Aldermen, Richard de Welleford and John le Mazeliner, (fn. 10) Sheriffs, and by twelve men from each Ward summoned for the purpose, J[ohn] de Gisors was elected Mayor, and sworn, &c.

On the following Monday the said John was presented at the Exchequer at Westminster before the Barons, and was there sworn and admitted, &c.

Afterwards, on Saturday before the Feast of St. Thomas, Ap [21 Dec], the same year, the said Mayor was presented to the lord the King at Westminster by Sirs Aylmer de Valence and John de Sandale, and was admitted by the King, as the said Aylmer and John testified, &c.

Thursday after the Feast of St. Nicholas [6 Dec], 6 Edward II. [A.D. 1312], Roger de Paris elected Alderman of the Ward of Colmanstrete, (fn. 11) and sworn and admitted, &c.

Saturday after the same Feast, the same year, John Lambyn elected Alderman of the Ward of Bridge, and admitted and sworn, &c.

Friday the eve of St. Michael [29 Sept.], 7 Edward II. [A.D. 1313], by John de Gisors, the Mayor, Nicholas de Farendone, John de Wengrave, Roger de Frowik, William de Leire, John de Wyndesore, Anketyn de Gisors, John de Lincoln, William Servat, Nigel Drury, Simon de Corp, Roger de Paris, Richard de Willehale, Aldermen, and John Lambyn and Adam Ludekyn, Sheriffs, and by the Commonalty here summoned for the election of their Sheriffs, there were elected Sheriffs, viz., Robert de Burdeyn, goldsmith, and Hugh de Garton, mercer, and they were sworn for that office, &c.

Nota de ordinacione facta ad summoni end communi tatem pro eleccione facienda.

And be it known that it was ordained and agreed the same day by the aforesaid Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty, for the avoiding of certain perils which may arise in such election of Sheriffs, that in future there shall be summoned every year the better men of each Ward to be present here on the Feast of St. Matthew the Apostle and Evangelist [21 Sept.] for making election of Sheriffs, together with the Mayor and Aldermen for the time being So that those who may happen to be electors for accepting the aforesaid office may be the better provided for (fn. 12) .

Eleccio Nicholai de Farn done in Maiorem a° vij'.

Sunday the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.], 7 Edward II. [A.D. 1313], Nicholas de Farendone was elected Mayor by John de Gisors, John de Wengrave, John de Wyndesore, Nigel Druri, Roger de Frowyk, Henry de Gloucestre, Richard de Wirhale, Anketyn de Gisors, Simon de Corp, Roger de Paris, John de Lincoln, Stephen de Abyndone, Richard de Gloucestre, William Servat, William Trente, William de Leire, William de Coumbemartyn, and John Lambyn, Aldermen, Robert Burdein and Hugh de Gartone, Sheriffs, and by the Commonalty here assembled, and was sworn, &c. And afterwards, on the Monday following, the said Mayor, Aldermen, and the rest of the citizens went to Westminster, in order that he (the Mayor) might be presented to the lord the King, and because the lord the King had not leisure to admit the Mayor, the matter was adjourned until the morrow, and so from day to day until Saturday the eve of St. Martin [11 Nov.], on which day the said Mayor was by the King's command admitted at the Exchequer by the Treasurer and Barons, and sworn in manner following :—

[The form set out is the same as that printed in the 'Liber Albus' (i 306), only the third person is substituted throughout for the second At the end the following note is added "Ceo est le Serment qe Meires et Baillifs de Citees et des Burghs qi sont presentables al eschequer deyuent faire qant il serront resceu"].

Folio iv.

Tuesday the morrow of St. Martin [11 Nov.], 7 Edward II. [A.D. 1313], John Dode, ironmonger, elected Chamberlain of the Guildhall and sworn, &c., before Nicholas de Farendone, the Mayor, and the rest of the Aldermen by the whole Commonalty, &c.

Eleccio vic' anno viij°.

Saturday the Feast of St. Matthew [21 Sept.], 8 Edward II. [A.D. 1314], there were assembled at the Guildhall Nicholas de Farendone, the Mayor, John de Wengrave, John de Lincoln, Richard de Gloucestre, Anketyn de Gysors, Simon de Corp, John de Wyndesore, Henry de Gloucestre, Roger de Paris, Simon de Paris, Roger de Frowik, William Trente, and William Servat, Aldermen, and the better men of the Commonalty of each Ward by summons, &c., for the election of two citizens to be Sheriffs of the City for the ensuing year. And there were elected Stephen de Abyndone and Hamo de Chiggewelle And the said Stephen found mainpernors, viz., Richard de Willehale and Henry de Gloucestre, that he would not turn away nor absent himself from the City, nor cause anything to be done contrary to the said election, but would be prepared to undertake the office on the eve of St. Michael next ensuing, &c. And because it was testified that the aforesaid Hamo de Chiggewelle was at "Jernemuth" there came William de Bodele and Hugh Matfrei and mainprised the said Hamo that he would be prepared to undertake the aforesaid office on the eve of St. Michael Afterwards, on Saturday the eve of St. Michael, the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty of the City being assembled, there came the aforesaid Stephen, and he was sworn, &c. And on the following Monday came the aforesaid Hamo and was sworn. And the same day the said Stephen and Hamo were presented at the Exchequer, and were by the Barons admitted, &c.

Eleccio Maior' anno viij°.

Be it remembered that on Monday the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.], 8 Edward II. [A.D. 1314], John de Gysorz elected Mayor by Nicholas de Farendone, John de Wengrave, William Coumbemartyn, John de Lincoln, Henry de Durham, Simon de Paris, Roger de Frowik, William Trente, William Servat, Simon Corp, Richard de Willehale, Henry de Gloucestre, William Cosyn, John Lambyn, Anketyn de Gisors, and Roger de Paris, Aldermen, Stephen de Abyndone and Hamo de Chiggewelle, Sheriffs, and also by the Commonalty here summoned, &c. The next day he was presented before the Barons of the Exchequer and admitted, &c. And on Wednesday before the Purification [2 Feb.], the same year [A.D. 1314-15], he was presented before the King at Westminster at his first coming there after the election, &c., and was admitted, &c.

Eleccio vic' anno ix°.

Be it remembered that on Saturday the eve of St. Matthew, Ap. [21 Sept.], 9 Edward II. [A.D. 1315], Hamo Godchep, mercer, and William de Bodele, vintner, were elected Sheriffs by John de Gisors, the Mayor, and the rest of the Aldermen and good men of the Commonalty, summoned for making the election. Afterwards, on Sunday the eve of St. Michael, the said Hamo and William were sworn before the said Mayor, Aldermen, and the rest of the citizens, as is the custom. And on the morrow of St. Michael they were presented before Sir Walter de Norwich, Knt, then Treasurer of the lord the King, and the Barons of the Exchequer, and were admitted, &c.

And be it remembered that although the said Treasurer wished to compel the said Sheriffs to make oath there, nevertheless they did not make oath there, many reasons thereon being adduced on behalf of the City. And that dispute yet remains unsettled (indiscussa).

Folio iv b.

Breve Regis de modo et forma eleccionis Maior' et vicecom'.

Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs of London :— Edward, by the grace of God, &c., to the Mayor and Sheriffs of London greeting. Whereas by the charters of our progenitors, kings of England, it has been granted to our citizens of the City aforesaid that they may elect a Mayor and Sheriffs from among themselves whom they will, and present them, we not being at Westminster, to the Treasurer and Barons of our Exchequer, that they may be there admitted as the custom is, and such election in times past hath been accustomed to be made by the Mayor and Aldermen, and also by the more discreet of the said City specially summoned and warned for the purpose. And now we have understood that certain of the common people (populares) and plebeians, by conspiracy had among them, perpetrating contentions (contenciones (fn. 13) ), discords, and innumerable wicked acts in the said City by night and day, and holding clandestine meetings in private places one with another, being neither called nor summoned, have of their own accord thrust themselves into and mingled with such elections, [and] by threats and clamours preventing elections being rightly made, strive to elect such as hereafter may favour their misdeeds, that their wickedness may, by reason of default of suitable government by those so elected by dissimulation, pass unpunished, to the prejudice of our crown and dignity, and also the subversion of the state of the City aforesaid and the manifest oppression of our citizens dwelling in the same. We being willing to provide for the quiet [and] tranquillity of the people our subjects, and to obviate such malice, as we are in duty bound, command you, strictly enjoining that, before the time of election of the Mayor and Sheriffs next to be elected, ye cause it to be publicly proclaimed and strictly forbidden throughout the City that any one, unless he be specially called or summoned for the purpose or be bound thereunto, shall approach there at that time, or intrude himself in the election to be made, or impede it in any way, under pain of imprisonment, from which he shall not be released without our special order. And that the said election be made by the Aldermen and other of the more discreet and powerful citizens of the said City, as in the same it has been accustomed of old to be made Holding as certain that if ye shall present to us, or the Treasurer and Barons of the Exchequer aforesaid, any persons elected in a different manner from that premised, we shall in no wise admit them. Witness ourself at Westminster, 4 July, the eighth year of our reign [A.D. 1315].

By virtue of which writ a certain proclamation was made as follows :—

Proclamacio facta per predictum breve.

Whereas our lord the King has understood that certain folk of the people of his City of London in these times have come to the Guildhall at the elections of the Mayor and Sheriffs to which they were not summoned, nor have they there any business, and have disturbed the elections of the Mayor and Sheriffs so that they could not be made in due form nor in proper manner as they were used, and oftentimes by menaces and cries have troubled such kind of elections in despite of the King and prejudice of his crown, to the undoing of the state of his said City. It is commanded that no one be so daring nor so hardy as to come to the election of the Sheriffs, who are now to be newly elected, nor to the election of the Mayor, who shall be elected in time to come, unless he be Mayor, Sheriff, Alderman, or other good folk of the better sort of the said City, who by the officers of the said City are specially summoned to come there, or those who have business to be there, on pain of imprisonment of his body, from which prison our lord the King willeth that, if any such be found, they be not delivered without special command from him.

Eleccio Stephani de Abyndon' in Maiorem a° ix°.

Tuesday the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.], 9 Edward II. [A.D. 1315], Stephen de Abyndone elected Mayor of the City by the Aldermen, Sheriffs, and the whole Commonalty, &c., and on the Wednesday following was presented, sworn, and admitted before the Treasurer and Barons of the Exchequer at Westminster, &c. Afterwards, on Monday the morrow of Clausum Pasche, he was presented before the King at his first coming to Westminster, and admitted, &c.

Folio v.

Eleccio vic' anno x°.

Tuesday the eve of St. Michael [29 Sept.], 10 Edward II. [A.D. 1316], Ralph le Balauncer and William de Caustone elected Sheriffs by Stephen de Abyndone, the Mayor, John de Gisors, Nicholas de Farendone, John de Wengrave, William de Leire, Richard de Gloucestre, Robert de Keleseye, Simon Corp, Simon de Paris, William Servat, John Lambyn, Elyas de Suffolk, and Roger de Paris, Aldermen, and by good men of the Commonalty, and were before them sworn as is the custom, &c. On the Thursday following they were presented before the Treasurer and Barons of the Exchequer at Westminster, &c. And they were admitted, &c.

Eleccio Johannis de Wengrave in Maiorem anno xj° [sic].

Thursday the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.], 10 Edward II. [A.D. 1316], John de Wengrave, Alderman of the Ward of Chepe, elected Mayor by Stephen de Abyndone, the previous Mayor, Nicholas de Farendone, John de Gisors, Robert de Keleseye, William de Leire, John Lambyn, John de Lincoln, Roger de Frowik, Anketyn de Gisors, Henry de Gloucestre, Richard de Willehale, Elyas de Suffolk, William Servat, Simon de Corp, Simon de Paris, John de la Chaumbre, and Roger de Paris, Aldermen, and by the whole Commonalty, &c. On the following Friday he was presented before the Treasurer and Barons of the Exchequer at Westminster, &c. Sworn and admitted.

Eleccio vic anno xj°.

Wednesday the eve of St. Michael [29 Sept.], 11 Edward II. [A.D. 1317], William de Fourneys, pepperer, and John Priour, senior, woolmonger, elected Sheriffs by John de Wengrave, the Mayor, John de Gisors, Nicholas de Farendone, William de Leire, Richard de Gloucestre, Robert de Keleseye, Roger de Frowik, John de Lincoln, John Lambyn, Henry de Gloucestre, Richard de Willehale, Elyas de Suffolk, and Simon Corp, Aldermen, and by the whole Commonalty, &c., and were sworn as is the custom, &c. On the following Friday they were presented before the Treasurer and Barons of the Exchequer at Westminster, and were admitted, &c.

Eleccio Maioris anno xj°.

Friday the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.], 11 Edward II. [A.D. 1317], John de Wengrave elected Mayor the second time by John de Gisors, Robert de Keleseye, Roger de Frowik, Simon Corp, Elyas de Suffolk, John Lambyn, Henry de Gloucestre, Richard de Willehale, Anketyn de Gisors, and Roger de Paris, Aldermen, who, with one consent, without any scrutiny being made among them, together with the whole Commonalty, elected the aforesaid John, and he was sworn before the said Commonalty. And on the following day he was presented before the Treasurer and Barons at Westminster, was sworn and admitted, &c. Also at the King's next coming to Westminster he was presented before the King as is the custom, and was by him graciously admitted, &c.

Folio v b.

Eleccio vic' anno xij°.

Thursday before the Feast of St. Michael [29 Sept.], 12 Edward II. [A.D. 1318], John de Dallyngge and John Poyntel elected Sheriffs by John de Wengrave, the Mayor, Nicholas de Farendone, John de Gisors, William de Leire, Richard de Gloucestre, Henry de Gloucestre, Elyas de Suffolk, Richard de Wirhale, Simon de Paris, Anketyn de Gisors, and John de Lincoln, Aldermen, William de Fourneys and John Priour, the previous Sheriffs, and the whole Commonalty of the City, and were sworn, &c.

Afterwards, on Saturday after the same Feast, they were presented before the Treasurer and Barons at Westminster and admitted, &c.

Eleccio Maioris tercia vice anno xij.

Saturday the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.], 12 Edward II. [A.D. 1318], John de Wengrave elected Mayor for the third time by the Aldermen, Sheriffs, and whole Commonalty &c. On the following Monday he was presented before the Treasurer and Barons of the Exchequer at Westminster, admitted and sworn, &c.

Admissio IIem' Nasard in Alderman num a° xij.

Thursday before the same Feast, 12 Edward II. [A.D. 1318], Henry Nasard elected Alderman of the Ward of Bradestrete by good men of the same Ward, in the presence of John de Wenegrave, the Mayor, Robert de Keleseye, John de la Chaumbre, John de Lincoln, Elyas de Suffolk, and Roger de Parys, Aldermen, and by the said Mayor, Aldermen, and good men he was admitted and sworn the following Friday, &c.

Eleccio Thome Prentiz Camerarii anno xij.

The same day and year Thomas Prentiz was elected Chamberlain of London for one year by the aforesaid Mayor. Aldermen, and the whole Commonalty, and was by the same admitted and sworn to receive, expend, and faithfully to render account of all his receipts, &c.

Eleccio Simonis de Abyndone et Johannis de Prestone in vic London anno xiij°.

Friday the eve of St. Michael [29 Sept.], 13 Edward II. [A.D. 1319], Simon de Abyndone and John de Prestone, corder, elected Sheriffs by John de Wengrave, Mayor, Nicholas de Farendone, John de Gisors, Robert de Keleseye, Elyas de Suffolk, Anketin de Gisors, Hugh de Gartone, Simon Corp, William de Leire, and John Poyntel, Aldermen, and by the whole Commonalty, and were sworn, &c. On the following Monday they were presented before the Deputy-Constable of the Tower at the outer gate, and were there admitted by virtue of the King's writ addressed to the Deputy-Constable as follows :—

Edward, by the grace of God, &c., to his beloved and trusty John de Crumbwell, the Constable of his Tower of London, or his locum tenens, greeting. Whereas among other liberties granted to the citizens of London by charter of the lord Edward, late King of England, our father, (fn. 14) it was granted to them that the Mayor of the said City when he shall have been elected by the said citizens, and likewise the Sheriffs of the same City when they shall have been similarly elected at the accustomed time, should be presented, in the absence of us and our heirs or our Barons of the Exchequer from Westminster or London, to the Constable of our aforesaid Tower for the time being, without the gate of the said Tower, every year, and admitted in manner as they were accustomed formerly to be presented and admitted before the said Exchequer, so that, however, at the next coming of us or our heirs to Westminster or London, the said Mayor be presented to us or our aforesaid heirs and admitted Mayor. Which charter, indeed, we have now by our charter confirmed, and [whereas] we have further granted to the same citizens that although they or their predecessors have not hitherto made use of the liberties or any one of them contained in the said charter, nevertheless the said citizens and their heirs may fully enjoy and use the aforesaid liberties and each of them as in the charter and confirmation aforesaid more fully is contained. We command you that you admit as Mayor and Sheriffs him and them whom the citizens shall elect and present as Mayor and Sheriffs of the City aforesaid at this instant term of St. Michael so that, however, at our next coming to Westminster or London the said Mayor be presented to us and be admitted as Mayor according to the terms of the charter and confirmation aforesaid. Witness ourself at Berewick on Tweed, 17 Sept, the thirteenth year of our reign [A.D. 1319].

Folio vi.

Eleccio Hamonis de Chigwelle in Maiorem, etc.

Sunday the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.], 13 Edward II. [A.D. 1319], Hamo de Chiggewelle elected Mayor by John de Wengrave, the previous Mayor, John de Gisorz, Stephen de Abyndone, Nicholas de Farndone, Anketin de Gisorz, Elias de Suffolk, John de la Chambre, John Cotun, Henry de Seccheford, and Robert Sely, Aldermen, and the whole Commonalty, &c. On the following day the aforesaid Hamo was presented without the outer gate of the Tower, and was there sworn as is befitting, &c. On Tuesday before the Feast of St. Peter in Cathedra [22 Feb.] the said Mayor was presented before the lord the King and was by him admitted Mayor at Westminster in the King's Chamber, &c.

Wednesday after the Feast of St. Hillary [13 Jan.], 13 Edward II. [A.D. 1319-20], in the presence of Hamo de Chigwelle, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and the Commonalty, Andrew Horn, fishmonger, was elected Chamberlain of the Chamber of the Guildhall, and was by the said Commonalty presented, &c., and sworn to take yearly as is the custom, &c.

Eleccio Willelmi Prod homme et Regin' de Conductu in vic.

Sunday the eve of St. Michael [29 Sept.], 14 Edward II. [A.D. 1320], William Prodhomme, fishmonger, and Reginald de Conduit, vintner, elected Sheriffs by Hamo de Chigewelle, the Mayor, N[icholas] de Farndone, R[oger] de Frowyk, Ank[etin] de Gisorz, E[lias] de Suffolk, J[ohn] Cotun, G[eoffrey] Hertpol, J[ohn] de Gisorz, S[imon] de Parys, H[enry] de Seccheford, H[ugh] de "Barton," (fn. 15) W[illiam] de Hedersete, J[ohn] Poyntel, and W[illiam] de Caustone, Aldermen, and by the whole Commonalty, and sworn, &c.

Folio vi b.

Tuesday the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.], 14 Edward II. [A.D. 1320], Nicholas Farndone elected Mayor and sworn in the presence of John de Gisorz, Hamo de Chigewelle, Elias de Suffolk, Simon Corp, Hugh de Gartone, Roger le Palmere, R[obert] Sely, Simon de Abyndone, Geoffrey de Hertpol, John Cotun, and the rest of the Aldermen, and a very great Commonalty (maxima communitate), all the Commoners sitting in the Guildhall, and silence being demanded for the said election.

On the following day he was admitted Mayor by the lord the King at Westminster in the King's Chamber, &c.

Eleccio Ham'de Chigewelle in Maiorem.

Wednesday the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.], 15 Edward II. [AD 1321], Hamo de Chigewelle elected Mayor (fn. 16) and sworn in the presence of Richard de Gloucestre, Robert de Swalclyve, Roger de Frowyk, John de Prestone, and the rest of the Aldermen, and a very great Commonalty [assembled] for making the election On the following day he was admitted before the Barons of the Exchequer at Westminster.

De vic'.

Tuesday the eve of St. Michael [29 Sept.], 16 Edward II. [A.D. 1322], Roger "Dely " (fn. 17) and John de Grantham were sworn Sheriffs, &c., in the presence of Hamo de Chig[welle], the Mayor, N[icholas] de Farndone, R[obert] de Swalclyve, and were afterwards presented and accepted before the Constable of the Tower without the outer gate, &c.

Eleccio Ham' de Chig in Maiorem.

Thursday the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.], 16 Edward II. [A.D. 1322], Hamo de Chig[welle] elected Mayor and sworn, &c., in the presence of R[obert] de Swalclyve, R[eginald] de Conduit, H[enry] de Secch[eford], R[obert] Sely, R[ichard] de Betoigne, J[ohn] Poyntel, E[lias] de Suffolk, and the rest of the Aldermen, &c. And on the morrow of the same Feast was presented and accepted, &c.

Afterwards, on Monday next after the octave of Easter [27 March], 16 Edward II. [A.D. 1323], the said Hamo, the Mayor, was deposed from the Mayoralty (fn. 18) at Westminster in the presence of the lord the King, and Nicholas de Farndone was elected Mayor at Westminster by the lord the King, and was sworn in the Chancery. And he (i.e., Nicholas) thus governed the Mayoralty until Wednesday next before the Feast of the Conception B.M. [8 Dec.], anno 17 [A.D. 1323] following, on which day Hamo de Chig[welle] was sworn as Mayor at the Exchequer at Westminster, &c.

Wednesday the eve of St. Michael [29 Sept.], 17 Edward II. [A.D. 1323], Adam de Salesbire and John de Oxford sworn Sheriffs in the presence of Nicholas de Farndone, Mayor, Hamo de Chig[welle], Robert de Swalclif, Hamo Godchep, Anketin de Gisorz, Roger le Palmere, Henry de Secch[eford].

Be it remembered that on Friday the eve of St. Michael [29 Sept.], 18 Edward II. [A.D. 1324], Benedict de Fulsham was sworn Sheriff of London, and because John de Caustone, previously elected and nominated by the Commonalty, came not on that day after being solemnly called, the Aldermen and Commonalty were summoned to be present at the Guildhall on St. Michael's Day next ensuing, on which day the said John was deposed from the freedom of the City and from his aldermanry, and Alan Gille was elected Sheriff and sworn And on the following Monday they were admitted before the Barons of the Exchequer at Westminster. Afterwards, in the Husting of London held on Monday next after the Feast of the Apostles Simon and Jude [28 Oct.], the year aforesaid, the said John came and put himself in the mercy of the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty, and prayed that it might please them to restore him to the estate he formerly held, and he would willingly assume the burden of the Shrievalty to which he had been elected in conjunction with the aforesaid Benedict. And the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty having the same day consulted thereon, and having regard to the inability of the said Alan, the said John was admitted to the estate in which he formerly was, and was sworn as Sheriff, &c. Afterwards, on the Tuesday following, he was accepted at the Exchequer and sworn, &c.

Folio vii.

On St. Matthew's Day [21 Sept.], 19 Edward II. [A.D. 1325], John de Cotun and Gilbert de Mordone elected Sheriffs and on the eve of St. Michael next following were sworn, and on the morrow of the same Feast were presented at the Exchequer and sworn, &c.

On St. Matthew's Day [21 Sept.], 20 Edward II. [A.D. 1326], Richard de Rothynge, vintner, and Roger Chauntecler elected Sheriffs, and on the eve of St. Michael next following were sworn, and on the second day after the Feast of St. Michael were presented at the Exchequer and sworn, and they were not sworn on the morrow because the King was engaged, owing to the arrival of the Queen from parts of France, (fn. 19) &c.

The Office of the Recorder.

"Ye schal swer þt ye schal be good & trewe to Kyng Edward (fn. 20) Kyng of Ingeland & his heires and to the Cite of London in the offis of the recordour and the fraunchise & Customys of the same Cite wt in the town & withowte aftir your power ye schul maytayne And the cowncell of the same Cite ye schull nat deskevere Also wel & contynwally ye schul kepe & Rule the cortes of the Kyng in the Chambre & in the hustyng' aftir the custom of the Cite And ye schul nat lette for gifte ne for favour ne for promysse ne for hate but þt lawe & Right ye schul do to alle maner pepil as wel to por as Riche deyndeseyns as straungers þt be for yow schull plede in hustyng pleis & alle oþer And alle maner pleis þt be for yow schal be pledyd ye schall wel an trewely recorde hem And your diligence ye schall do to ouere see þt the seid pleis ben wol & lawfully enrollid Also Right ye schal nat desturble ney þr ne Jugement tarye wtowte resonable cause And if ye know where þe profit or the Right of the Kyng or of þe Cite be in landes oþr rentys wtdrawe oþr concylyd ye schal schewe hit to þe Mair & þe Aldremen for savacion of þe Right of the Kyng & the Cite And Redy ye schall be to come at þe warnyng of the Mayr & Scheryvys or her mynystris for good & wis concell to geve & also to ride & go wt hem at alle tymys whan nede is to mayntayne þe stat of þ Cite And no þyng schall ye take of no man þt hath be for yow eny cause or ple neyþer fees ne Robes schall ye non take of no man but only of the Chambre of London duryng your offys Also ye schall attende to save and maynteyne the Right of the orphaner' aftir þe lawes & usagis of the Cite And in all oþer thynges þt to your offis longith to do wol & lawfully ye schall werk as God yow helpe & alle þe Seyntes".

Folio vii b.

The Oath of the Mayor (fn. 21) (French) The same in English.

"Ye schal swer that ye schal wel & lawfully serve the Kyng in the offis of the meyralte in the Cite of London And the same Cite ye schul kepe surly & safly to the behoft of owr Sovereyn lord the Kyng of yngeland & his heiris Kynges of yngeland And the profit of the Kyng ye schull do en all thynges þt to yow longith and the ryght of the Kyng that to the crowne perteynyth in the same Cite of London lawfully ye schul kepe Ye schull nat consent to þe discres neyþer concelement of the rightes neyþer of the franch[ises] of the Kyng And wherso evere ye knowe the Right of the Kyng oper of the crowne be hit in londis oþer rentis franchises oper swtis concylid oþer withdrawe your power ye schulle do to repelle hit And if ye may nat ye schall sey hit to the Kyng oper to hem of his councell þt ye wite wille sey hit to the Kyng Also lawfully & Ryghtfully ye schull trete the pepill of your bayle and right schull ye do to everych as wel to straungers as othir to pore as to Riche in þt to yow longith to do And þt for hinesse ne for Richesse neyþer for gefte neyþer for beheste ne for favour ne for hate wrong schull ye do to no man, ne no thing schull ye take be the whiche the Kyng schuld lese oþer right be sturblyd And good warde ye schull sette on thassise of bred & wyn ale fisch flesch corn & alle othir vitaylis Wightis & mesures in the same Cite ye schul yelde (fn. 22) & dwe execucion up on the defautes þt there of schull be fownd accordyng to alle the statutes perof made nat repelid And in alle thynges þt to a meyr of the Cite longith to do wel & lawfully ye schull yow & doo as God yow helpe & alle þe Seyntes".

Folio VIII.

3 Edward II. - Redemptions of Freedom (fn. 23) R[ichard] "Potrel," Chamberlain.

Farndon' extra Robertus de Manefeld nuncius Regis.

Saturday before the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.], 3 Edward II. [A.D. 1309], Robert de Manefeld, messenger (nuncius) of the lord the King of England, was admitted into the freedom of the City of London in the presence of Nicholas de Farndone, then Mayor, John de Wengrave, William de Leire, Geoffrey de Conduit, Simon de Paris, Thomas Seli, Aldermen, and Richard "Poterel," the Chamberlain, &c., and was sworn to the Commonalty, &c. And at the instance of the lord the King he gives nothing for having the freedom, &c.

Candelwyk, Hugo Otewy de Sancto Albano.

Thursday after the Feast of St. Luke [18 Oct.], Hugh, son of Simon Otewy de St. Alban, blader (bladarius), admitted and sworn, &c., before Nicholas de Farndone, Mayor, John de Wengrave, William de Leyre, and Simon de Paris, Aldermen, and the Chamberlain, &c. And he gives to the Commonalty 26s. 8d.

Castri Baynardi, Johannes di Shabenhangre.

Tuesday after the Feast of All Saints [1 Nov], John de Shabenhangre, blader, admitted and sworn before Thomas Romayn, Mayor, and the Chamberlain-22s. 6d.

Porsohne, Johannes Heryng'.

The same day, John Heryng, "pheliper," admitted and sworn before Thomas Romayn, Mayor, John de Wengrave and John de Wyndesore, Aldermen, and the Chamberlain, &c.—22s. 6d.

Vinetria, Petrus Caban.

Friday the eve of All Saints [1 Nov], Peter Caban, merchant of Gascony, admitted and sworn before Thomas Romayn, Mayor, William de Leyre, John de Wyndesore, Nicholas de Farndone, William Trente, Aldermen, and the Chamberlain, &c.—100s.

And William Trente, Alderman, Gerard Orgoil, John Amize, and Robert de Lenne mainprised the aforesaid Peter for saving the Commonalty of the City harmless by obligation of their goods.

Vinetria, Thomas de Cotum.

Friday after the Feast of St. Martin [11 Nov.], Thomas de Cotum, salter, admitted, &c., before Nicholas de Farndone, John de Wyndesore, and William de Leyre, Aldermen, and the Chamberlain To the Commonalty 1 mark, which the said Thomas paid to the aforesaid Nicholas de Farndone and John de Wyndesore, &c. For enrolment, 2s. 6d.

Farndone, Henr' de Derby.

Tuesday the octave of St. Martin [11 Nov.], Henry de Derby, called "Halt," "gaunter," (fn. 24) admitted, &c., before Nicholas de Farendone, John de Wyndesore, and Henry de Dureme, Aldermen, and the Chamberlain. He gives for the freedom half a mark quia pauper.

Farndone, Robertus de Gloucestre.

The same day, Robert de Gloucestre, "gaunter," admitted, &c., before the same Gives 5s quia pauper.

Farndone, Laur' de Haddeham.

Laurence de Haddeham, tanner, admitted, &c., before the same, inasmuch as it was testified by his neighbours that he was sometime apprentice in the craft of a tanner. He gives to the Commonalty 22s. 6d.

Pont', Robertus atte Yerde.

The same day, Robert atte Yerde, "burser," (fn. 25) admitted, &c., before the same—22s. 6d.

Porsol', Galfridus Child.

The same day, Geoffrey Child, tanner, admitted before the same—17s. 6d.

Folio VIII b.

Johannes Bon Jon.

Wednesday after the Feast of St. Edmund, K.[20 Nov], 3 Edward II. [A.D. 1309], John Bon Jon, tanner, admitted, &c., before John de Wengrave, William de Leire, John de Wyndesore, Nicholas de Farndone, and Henry de Dureme, Aldermen, and Richard Poterel, the Chamberlain-5s.

Billingesgate, Radulphus de Arderne.

The same day, Ralph de Arderne, skinner, admitted, &c., before the same—half a mark, paid to the said Aldermen.

Creplegate, Rogerus de Donewiche.

Thursday the Feast of St. Edmund, K. [20 Nov], Roger de Donewiche, "peleter," residing without Creplegate, admitted, &c., before Nicholas de Farendone, John de Wyndesore, and Henry de Dureme, Aldermen—10s.

harndone, Hugole Peleter.

21 Nov, Hugh de Lincoln, "peleter," admitted, &c., before the same—half a mark.

Creplegate, Johannes de Birmyngeham.

The same day, John de Birmyngeham, cordwainer, admitted, &c.—15s. 10d., which the aforesaid Aldermen received.

Pont', Johannes de Bristoll.

The same day, John de Bristoll skinner, admitted, &c., before the aforesaid Aldermen—10s.

Walebrocl, Nuholaus de Wynton'.

The same day, Nicholas de Wynchester, skinner, admitted, &c., before the same—20s.

Candelwicl, Thomas Fraunkelyn.

The same day, Thomas Fraunkelyn, skinner, admitted, &c., before the same—20s., paid to the aforesaid Aldermen.

Creplegate, John le Gros.

The same day, John le Gros, mercer, apprentice to John de Monthaud, admitted, &c., before the same—22s. 6d., because he had not previously been enrolled (fn. 26) .

Farndone, Hugo de Hereford.

The same day, Hugh de Hereford, skinner, admitted, &c., before the aforesaid Aldermen—1 mark.

Langbourn, Willelmus de Medebourne.

The same day, William de Medebourne, "feyner," (fn. 27) admitted, &c., before the same—1 mark.

Farndone, Thomas Orgor.

Saturday after the Feast of St. Edmund the King [20 Nov], 3 Edward II. [A.D. 1309], Thomas Orgor, barber, admitted, &c., before Nicholas de Farendone, John de Wyndesore, and Henry de Durham, Aldermen—20s. to the said Aldermen.

Farndone, Hugo Sauvage.

The same day, Hugh Sauvage de Hereford admitted, &c., before the aforesaid Aldermen—1 mark.

Bisshopesgate, Johannes le Long.

The same day, John le Long, "fener," admitted, &c., before the same—8s., at the instance of William Servat.

Farndone, Elyas de Bamptone.

The same day, Elyas de Bamptone, "peleter," admitted, &c., before the same—15s. 10d.

Folio ix.

Bisshopesgate, William le Rous.

Tuesday the Feast of St. Katherine [25 Nov], 3 Edward II. [A.D. 1309], William le Rous de Totyng', (fn. 28) "wodemongere," admitted, &c., before Thomas Romayn, the Mayor, John de Wengrave, Simon de Paris, Nicholas de Farendone, Nicholas Pikot, Thomas Sely, Aldermen To the Commonalty 22s. 6d.

Walebrok, Johannes Daniel le peleter.

The following day, John Danyel, "peleter," admitted, &c., before Nicholas de Farendone, John de Wyndesore, and Henry de Durham, Aldermen—1 mark.

Summa summarum huc £xxiiij xviij s.

Chepe, Rogerus de Elvedene.

The same day, Roger de Elvedene, "mirourer," (fn. 29) admitted, &c., before the aforesaid Aldermen—half a mark.

Chepe, Robertus le Nadlere.

The same day, Robert le Nadlere (fn. 30) de Coventre admitted, &c., before the same—5s.

Creplegate, Simon de Suth kirkeby.

The same day, Simon de Suthkirkby, "kallere," (fn. 31) admitted, &c., before the same—half a mark.

Chepe, Willelmus de Aungre.

The same day, William de Aungre, "lacer" (fn. 32) of London, admitted, &c., before the aforesaid Aldermen—15s. 10d.

Bisshopesgate, Willelmus de Bouthom.

The same day, William de Bouthom, "peleter," admitted, &c., before the same—half a mark.

Pont', Thomas de Bradefeld.

The same day, Thomas de Bradefeld, "burser," admitted, &c., before the same—half a mark.

Farndone, Nicholaus de Thal stede.

The same day, Nicholas de Thakkestede, "tableter," (fn. 33) admitted, &c., before the same—half a mark.

Cornhill, Thomas de Godeshelle, cocus.

Saturday the eve of St. Andrew [30 Nov], 3 Edward II. [A.D. 1309], Thomas de Godeshelle, cook, admitted, &c., before Thomas Romayn, the Mayor, Nicholas de Farendone, Richer de Refham, John de Wengrave, John de Wyndesore, Simon de Paris, and Henry de Durham, Aldermen, and Richard "Potrel," the Chamberlain, at the instance of Sir Walter de Bedewynde, clerk to the lord the King, &c., and Sir John le Blund To the Commonalty 13s. 4d.

Creplegate, Symon le Blake.

The same day, Simon le Blake, "tableter," admitted, &c., before the aforesaid Aldermen—half a mark.

Walebrole, Stephen de Excestre.

The same day, Stephen de Excestre, "peleter," admitted, &c., before the same—10s.

Farndone, Johannes le Wyse.

The same day, John le Wyse admitted, &c., before the same —10s.

Walebroke, Johannes le Goldesmith.

The same day, John le Goldesmethe, "peleter," admitted, &c., before the same—20s.

Walebroke, Robertus de Norwico.

Monday the morrow of St. Andrew [30 Nov], the same year, Robert de Norwych, "peleter," admitted, &c., before the same —20s.

Chepe, Eustac' de Birlyngham.

The same day, Eustace de Birlyngham, cordwainer, admitted, &c., before the same—half a mark.

Cordewanere strete, Thomas de Cheleseye.

The same day, Thomas de Cheleseye, blader, admitted, &c., at the instance of the Mayor, before the Aldermen and Richard Potrel, the Chamberlain-22s. 6d.

Folio ix b.

Walebroke, Robertus de Eynesham.

Tuesday after the Feast of St. Andrew [30 Nov], 3 Edward II. [A.D. 1309], Robert de Eynesham, "peleter," admitted, &c., before Nicholas de Farendone, John de Wyndesore and Henry de Durham, Aldermen—half a mark.

Walebroke, Henr' de Bisshopesgate.

Henry de Bisshopesgate called "Crisp," "peleter," admitted, &c., before the same—1 mark.

Walebroke, Henr' de Sancto Neoto.

The same day, Henry de St. Neot admitted, &c. before the same—1 mark.

Colmanstret, Thomas de Neville.

The same day, Thomas de Neville, blader, admitted, &c., before the same—1 mark.

Bredestret, Johannes Lovekyn.

Wednesday before the Feast of St. Nicholas [6 Dec], 3 Edward II. [A.D. 1309], John Lovekyn, tailor, admitted, &c., before Nicholas de Farndone, John de Wyndesore, and Henry de Durham, Aldermen, &c.—1 mark.

Walebroke, Hugo de Pountfreit.

The same day, Hugh de Pountfreit, "peleter," admitted, &c., before the aforesaid Aldermen—1 mark.

Creplegate, Hug' de Blida.

The same day, Hugh de Blida, fustar', (fn. 34) admitted, &c., before the same—5s. to the Commonalty because not enrolled on quitting his apprenticeship (ad exitum apprenticiatus sue), &c.

Bredestrete, Hervic' de Wilynghale, cocus.

Thursday before the Feast of St. Nicholas [6 Dec], Henry de Wylynghale, cook, admitted, &c., before Nicholas de Farndone, John de Wyndesore, and Henry de Durham, Aldermen, &c.—20s.

Walebroke, Hervicus de Sancto Ed mundo.

The same day, Hervey de St Edmund, skinner, admitted, &c., before the aforesaid Aldermen—1 mark.

Douegate.

The same day, John de Acre, tailor, admitted, &c., before the same—half a mark.

Walebroke, Johannes Calverde.

The same day, John Calverde (?) of York, "peleter," admitted, &c., before the same—10s.

Vinetrie, Ricardus de Ridlesworth.

The same day, Richard de Redlesworth, called "Neuman," cobbler, admitted, &c., before the same—15s. 10d.

Cordewanere strete, Rogerus de Bokyngham.

The same day, Roger de Bokyngeham, skinner, admitted, &c., before the same—half a mark.

Walebroke, Robertus de Knapwelle.

The same day, Robert de Knapwelle, "peleter," admitted, &c., before the aforesaid Aldermen—2 marks.

Cornhulle, Henr' de Bramptone.

Friday the eve of St. Nicholas [6 Dec], Henry de Bramptone, cook, admitted, &c., before Nicholas de Farndone, John de Wyndesore, John de Wengrave, and Henry de Durham, Aldermen, &c.—10s.

Pontis, Thom Swayn.

The same day, Thomas Swayn, " burser," admitted, &c., before the same—5s.

Summa summarum huc £xvij xvs xd.

Walebroke, Johannes de Eynesham.

The same day, John de Eynesham, "peleter," admitted, &c., before the same—15s. 10d.

Folio X.

Cordewanere strete, Ricardus de Iinc', felmonger.

Friday the eve of St. Nicholas [6 Dec], 3 Edward II. [A.D. 1309], Richard ae Lincoln, "felmonger," admitted, &c., before Nicholas de Farndone, John de Wyndesore, and Henry de Durham, Aldermen, &c.—22s. 6d.

Cordewanere strete, Elyas de Thorpe.

Wednesday after the Feast of Conception B.M. [8 Dec.], Elyas Rolfe de Thorpe, "peleter," admitted, &c., before the same—10s.

Bredestrete, Hugo le Chaundeler.

The same day, Hugh le Chaundeler, who was apprentice of William Makrel, admitted, &c., before the same—half a mark.

Cornhelle, Johannes Alisaundre.

The same day, John Alysaundre, "fruter," admitted, &c., before the same—half a mark.

Farndone, Robertus de Reydon'.

11 Dec, Robert de Reydon', "heymonger," admitted, &c., before the same—1 mark.

Bradestrate, Radulphus le Chaundeler.

The same day, Ralph le Chaundeler admitted, &c., before the same—15s.

Bredstrate, Maths fil' Willelmi de Oxon'.

The same day, Matthew, son of William de Oxford, fishmonger, admitted, &c., before the same—half a mark.

Cordwanerestret, Johannes de Farnham.

Saturday the Feast of St. Lucia [13 Dec], John de Farnham, pepperer, admitted, &c., before the Mayor and Aldermen, &c.- 15s. 2d.

Bassieshawe, Henr' le Chaundeler de Bassieshawe.

15 Dec, Henry le Chaundeler de Bassieshawe admitted, &c., before the aforesaid Aldermen, at the instance of T[homas] Romain, Mayor, and gives half a mark.

Bredestrete, Henr' Matfrey piscenar'.

The same day, Henry Matfrey, fishmonger, admitted, &c., before the aforesaid Aldermen—1 mark.

Vinetr', Will's Gamelyn, cordai'.

The same day, William, son of John Gamelyn, corder, who was apprentice of Laurence de Totenham, admitted into the freedom of the City and sworn, &c., inasmuch as the said Laurence testified before the aforesaid Aldermen that the said William had well and faithfully served him and completed his term, &c. He [i.e., Laurence] therefore releases him, &c. And he gives for his exit (exitu) 2s. 6d. His entry (ingressus) appears in the second paper of apprentices, &c.

Bredestrete, Willelmius atte Rothe.

Thursday before the Feast of St. Thomas [21 Dec], William atte Roche (Rothe?), who was apprentice of Roger le Paumer, admitted, &c., before Nicholas de Farendone, John de Wyndesore, and Henry de Durham, Aldermen. And he gives to the Commonalty 2s. 6d. His entry appears in the old paper of apprentices in the Ward of Bredestrete.

Cordewanere strete, Walterus de Elyngham, foundoui.

The same day, Walter de Elyngham, "foundour," apprentice of David le Foundour, admitted before the aforesaid Aldermen, &c. —5s. His entry appears in the second paper in the Ward of Chepe.

Billinggesgate, Johannes de Dodingherst.

The following day, John de Dodingherst," barbier," admitted, &c., before the same—half a mark.

Pontis, Arnaldus de Berdene.

The same day, Arnald de Berdene (Berdeue ?), " chaundeler," admitted, &c., before the same—half a mark.

Vinetru, Joh'es Fraunceys, joignour.

Saturday before the Feast of St. Thomas [21 Dec], John Fraunceys, "joignur," admitted before the aforesaid Aldermen—10s.

Creplegate, Rob'sle Chaundeler, senior.

The same day, Robert le Chaundeler, senior, admitted, &c., before the same—1 mark.

Pontis, Gerardus le Chaundeler.

The same day, Gerard le Chaundeler de Estchepe admitted, &c., before the same Gives to the Commonalty 5s. quia pauper.

Folio x b.

Creplegate, Robertus atte Delle.

Monday after the Feast of St. Thomas [21 Dec], 3 Edward II. [A.D. 1309], Robert atte Delle, "chaundeler," admitted before Nicholas de Farendone, John de Wyndesore, and Henry de Durham, Aldermen Gives to the Commonalty 10s.

Pontis, Elyas fil' Arnaldi de Sabriches worth.

Tuesday before the Nativity of our Lord [25 Dec], " Elyas," son of Arnald de Sabrichesworth, fishmonger, who was apprentice of Robert Graspeys, fishmonger, admitted, &c., before Richard "Potrel," the Chamberlain, inasmuch as the said Robert testifies that the said "Elias" had well and faithfully served him and had completed his term He (Robert) therefore releases him, &c. And he (Elyas) gives to the Commonalty for obtaining his freedom 10s., because not formerly enrolled.

Pointis, Johannes Elys.

The same day, John Elys, " stokfisshmongere," who was apprentice of Luke le Garlekmongere, admitted before the Chamberlain, inasmuch as his neighbours come and testify that he stood (stetit) with the said Luke for seven years and more, and well and faithfully served him, and left him by licence. To the Commonalty 1 mark.

Simon le Chaundeler.

The same day, Simon le Chaundeler de Eldefisshestrete admitted before Nicholas de Farndone, John de Windesore, and Henry de Durham, Aldermen—10s.

Creplegate, Nicholas le Chaundeler.

The same day, Nicholas le Chaundeler de Silverstrete admitted before the aforesaid Aldermen, &c. -half a mark.

Farndone, Johannes le Chaundeler de Flete.

The same day, John le Chaundeler de Flete admitted, &c., before the same—1 mark.

Farndone, Hugo de Shoreham.

The same day, Hugh de Shoreham, chaundeler, admitted, &c., before the same—10s.

Farndone, Will's "Leschild".

The same day, William de "Lichefeld," chaundeler, admitted, &c., before the same—10s.

Vinetrie, Adam Snowe.

The same day, Adam Snowe, "coupere," admitted, &c., before the same—20s.

Vinetrie, Henr' Fairesire.

The same day, Henry Fairesire, "coupere," admitted, &c., before the same—10s.

Summa summarum huc £xiiij xvj s x d .

Turris, Robertus fil' Johannis de Cardoil.

Monday before the Feast of St. Hillary [13 Jan.], 3 Edward II. [A.D. 1309-10], Robert, son of John de Cardoil, (fn. 35) late valet of Sir Edward, son of King Henry, admitted, &c., before Thomas Romain, the Mayor, John de Wengrave, John de Wyndesore, John "Gisorce," Henry de Durham, William Servat, Nicholas Picot, Simon de Paris, Aldermen, and Richard Potrel, the Chamberlain To the Commonalty 1 mark.

Farndone, Simon Burgeys, cook.

The same day, Simon Burgeys, cook of the Friars Minors, admitted before the same, &c., at the instance of the Friars Minors, &c.—1 mark.

Vinetrie, Ricardus de Burstowe.

Tuesday after the Epiphany [6 Jan.], Richard de Burstowe, "joignur," admitted, &c., inasmuch as it was found by the old paper of apprentices that he had been an apprentice of Stephen le Joignur, had completed his term, and had left him lawfully. And he gives for his discharge (exitu) 2s. 6d.

Footnotes

1 The clause et qe tendre serez usages de la dite Cite is an interlineation.
2 Referring to the oath entered on fo ii b, although no such signum appears there.
3 Meaning Letter Book C (fo cxiii), known at one time as The Greater Black Book See 'Cal. Letter Book A,' Introd, p. ii.
4 Otherwise known as John "de Vintry" or "Clerk of the Vintry," who had previously served the office of Coroner for many years, although he was not Coroner in this particular year See 'Cal. Letter Book B,' p. 90n, 'Cal. Letter Book C,' pp. 116, 117.
5 In the King's absence from West minster the citizens were authorized by charter, 12 June, 37 Henry III, to present the Mayor to the Barons of the Exchequer In the absence of both the King and the Barons, they might present him to the Constable of the Tower See charter dated 28 May, 26 Edward I. In either case the Mayor was to be presented to the King himself on his return to Westminster or London.
6 Otherwise known as John Clerk of the Chamber or "de la Chaumbre".
7 Vide supra, p. 12.
8 In the following year the King blamed the Deputy Treasurer and Barons of the Exchequer for having allowed the citizens to substitute another in the place of Richard de Horsham without having exacted a fine from him In future they were to admit as Sheriffs all who had been nominated to office, whether they ap peared or not, and to fine those who failed to appear Letter Book E, fo xvi b.
9 Fulk de St Edmund and Salamon le Cutiller, or "de Laufare," were elected Sheriffs in 1289, when the City was under the government of Ralph de Sandwich, the King's Warden.
10 Another name (apparently) for John Lambyn.
11 In the place of Nicholas Picot, who appears to have died about this time, for we find his executors in the following January releasing his apprentice from further service (infra, fo 1).
12 Ita quod illi quos eligere continget ad predutum officium raipiendum me lius provideri, etc This appears to be the meaning of an obscure passage.
13 Altered by a later hand into conuenciones .
14 Dated York, 28 May, 26 Edward I., A.D. 1298.
15 Otherwise "Garton".
16 In the previous January (1321) the City had been taken into the King's hand, Nicholas Farndone, the Mayor, had been deposed, and Sir Robert de Kendale appointed Warden of the City Afterwards (how long afterwards we are not told) the King gave the citizens their liberties, and they elected Hamo de Chigwelle ('Chron Edw I and II,' vol. i. p. 291) When the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude came round, the same authority records that in order to please the King the citizens per mitted Chigwelle to remain in office without a fresh election (ibid, p. 298) Another authority states that he "was elected by the commons at the King's wish" (Aungier, 'Fr Chion, 'Riley s translation, p. 254) The same course is recorded as having been adopted in 1322 ('Chron Edw I and II,' vol. i. p. 304), when the King was much more powerful than he had been the year before No signs of the King having exercised any influence over either election appear in the City's record of the proceedings.
17 De Ely.
18 Not only was Chigwelle deposed from the Mayoralty (4 April), but he and Hamo Godchep, Edmund Lambyn, and Roger le Palmere were compelled to keep. close attendance on the King wherever he went, and were for a short time practically prisoners See 'Chron Edward I and II.' (Rolls Series), 1 305, Aungier, 'Fr Chron' (Riley's translation), p. 257.
19 "Upon the Wednesday before the Feast of St. Michael, which itself fell on a Monday, the Queen of Eng land and her son and the Mortimer, with a vast company of great lords and men at arms, arrived at Herwiche and Orewelle in Essex to destroy the enemies of the land"-Aungier, 'Fr Chron' (Riley's translation), p. 262.
20 The name of the King has been changed The handwriting appears to be of the fifteenth century.
21 See remarks supra, p. 11, note 4.
22 "Do kepe" superscribed This paragraph is far from being an accu rate translation from the French.
23 Here commences what purports to be a record of those who obtained the freedom of the City (and became thereby citizens of London) by re demption, i.e., by purchase, as distin guished from others who obtained the freedom either by patrimony or by ser vitude (i.e., apprenticeship), although occasional admissions of apprentices to the freedom are included The record (which is carried down to 6 Edward II.) is the earliest of the kind preserved among the City's archives.
24 Glover.
25 Pouch maker.
26 It is not always clear whether an extra fee was demanded for non enrol ment of apprenticeship or for delay in taking up the freedom after expiration of term of service The keeping of a paper or roll of apprentices and others admitted to the free dom of the City in the Chamber of the Guildhall appears to have been begun in 1275, for in that year it is recorded as follows : Eodem anno quodam libertas in Londonus fuit pro visa, ut apprenticiorum nomina abbre viarentur in papirio camero Gildaulo et eorum nomina qui libertatem duto civitatis emere voluerunt, in codem papirio insererentur, et cujus nomen non fuit in dicto papirio libertate civi tatis privaretur ('Chron Edward I and II.' [Rolls Series], i. 85, 86) The reason for this was that many persons boasted of being freemen of the City when they were not freemen.
27 Haymonger.
28 Tooting (?).
29 Maker of mirrors Cf John le Mirourer, Letter Book C, fo lxxxiv b, and Thomas de Selstone, clerk, called "le Mirourer of Fleet Street, infra, fo xxxiii.
30 Needle maker (?).
31 Probably a maker of "calls" or coifs for the head (Riley).
32 Lace maker A Richard le Lacer, or Lacier, was Mayor in 1345-6.
33 Maker of tablets (Riley).
34 A maker of saddle bows.
35 Carlisle.


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