Folios clxi-clxi b.
Calumpnia libertat' ne predicti Justic sedeant infra civitatem.
Breve d'm R' ne predicti Justic' sedeant, etc.
Pleas at St. Martin le Grand, London, before Thomas le
Blount, Roger Beler, and Simon Croiser, Justices of the lord
the King, assigned to hear and determine a certain trespass
committed against Henry de Palyngtone in Fletestrete, Friday
after the Feast of SS. Peter and Paul [29 June], 18 Edward II.
[A.D. 1325], by the King's writ. The plaintiff appeared; the
defendants failed to appear. Thereupon the Mayor and citizens
pleaded certain charters confirmed by the present King, whereby
the King agreed not to assign Justices for any matters arising
in the City and suburbs except Justices itinerant at the Tower
and Justices for gaol delivery of Neugate and for correcting
errors at St. Martin le Grand, (fn. 1) and as the above Justices were
not assigned for any one of these purposes, they prayed that the
said Justices should not act to the prejudice of the citizens. A
day named for hearing judgment thereon. The Sheriffs return
the names of sureties for certain of the defendants, whilst
others they return as not being found within their bailiwick.
Thereupon the Mayor and citizens proffer a writ of the King
dated 5 July, 18 Edward II. [A.D. 1325], bidding the Justices to
do nothing prejudicial to the liberties of the citizens. The
plaintiff objects to the delay hereby caused, and asks that the
plaint be proceeded with. A day given, but nothing done,
owing to the absence of the Justices.
Breve d'ni R' pro ponderibus stagnerie Cornubie.
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs of London that they take
steps to make the nine weights used for weighing tin in
Cornwall, now committed to them, to agree with the standard of
London and return the same to William de Pasforde, the King's
valet, for him to take back to Cornwall and deliver the same
to the Sheriff of Cornwall and Roger de "Blakecolvesle"
(Blakecolnesle ?), the Comptroller of the Stannary, inasmuch as
the said weights, which had been in use since the time of
Richard, Earl of Cornwall, had been reported by Henry Champernoun (de Campo Arnulphi) and Stephen de Haccombe, the
King's Commissioners, as worn out. They had, moreover, been
tampered with by a certain William de Monketone, a former
Sheriff of Cornwall and Warden of the Stannary, and Benedict
Reneward, a receiver in the said county, who had been duly
convicted and punished. Witness, W[alter Stapleton], Bishop
of Exeter. Dated at Westminster, 28 June, 18 Edward II.
Folio clxii b.
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs of London that they appear
before the Treasurer and Barons of the Exchequer at Westminster on Tuesday before the Feast of St. Laurence [10 Aug.],
to certify that the nine weights for weighing tin in the county
of Cornwall lately sent to them had been repaired so as to
agree with the King's standard of London, according to the
King's late command. Witness, R[oger] Beler. Dated at
Westminster, 3 Aug., 19 Edward II. [A.D. 1325].
Returnum brevis quod intratur in alia parte istius folii de pond'.
Return made to the above writ to the effect that they had
caused the weights to agree with the King's standard of London,
viz., two weights each of 200 lb., one of 100 lb., each 100 lb. being
equivalent to 112 lb.; two of half a hundredweight each, or
56 lb.; one of 32 lb., one of 16 lb., one of 8 lb., and one of 4 lb.,
and that they had delivered them to William de Pasford, the
King's valet, to carry to Cornwall to the Sheriff there and
Roger de "Blacolvesle" (Blacolnesle ?), the Comptroller of the
Stannary, &c. [and these weights for weighing tin and other
heavy (grossas) merchandise in the City of London we have
used from time immemorial, &c.]. (fn. 2)
M d de xls. traditis Regin' de Conductu'.
Be it remembered that on Monday before the Feast of
SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.], 19 Edward II. [A.D. 1325],
Reginald de Conduit, Alderman, received by the hands of
Andrew Horn, the Chamberlain, 40s., to the use of Walter,
son of John le Rede.
Afterwards, viz., on Saturday before the Epiphany [6 Jan.],
20 Edward II. [A.D. 1326-7], the aforesaid sum of 40s. was
delivered, by the assent of Sir Richard de Betoyne and the
Aldermen, to Geoffrey de Langele, "bocher," of Westchepe,
and Peter Rede, brother of the aforesaid Walter, in trust for
the said Walter.
Friday after the Feast of St. Peter ad Vincula [1 Aug.],
19 Edward II. [A.D. 1325], came Peter de "Gosberkyrk,"
draper, before Hamo de Chiggewelle, the Mayor, Robert de
Swalclif, John Poyntel, and Henry de Seccheford, Aldermen,
and found security for the sum of 100 marks bequeathed to
John, son of Simon de Abyndone. Surety, viz., John de Nonnes.
Afterwards, viz., on Monday after the Feast of St. Lucia
[13 Dec.], 19 Edward II. [A.D. 1325], for the greater security
of the above 100 marks bequeathed to John, son of Simon de
Abyndone, came Robert Persone, "peleter," John de Polteneye,
draper, and Roger de Lenne, "vineter," to the Husting before
Hamo de Chiggewelle, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, and
bound themselves in the same manner as John de Nonnes on
behalf of Peter de "Goseberkyrk."
Friday before the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.],
19 Edward II. [A.D. 1325], William le Latoner, John Albon, and
Richard le Gaunt' sworn to keep the Conduit, the keys of which
were delivered to them.
Scriptum Will'i de Bokyng' plom' et Agn' ux' ejus per Ric m de Benstede et Margerie ux' ejus, etc.
Assignment by Richard de Benstede, wax-chandler, and
Margery his wife, to William de Bokkynge, "plomer," and
Agnes his wife, of their life interest in a tenement formerly
belonging to William de Sabrichesworth in the parish of
St. Martin Orgar de Candelwykstrete, and situate near the
tenements of William de Brikyndone, "stokfisshmongere," and
Juliana la Barbere, paying to the Prior and Convent of the
New Hospital of St. Mary without Bisshopesgate the yearly
sum of 52s., out of which certain payments were due to Master
Simon de Caunterberi, carpenter, and John de Mockynge.
Witnesses, Hamo de Chigewelle, Mayor, John de Caustone
and "Beneyt" de Fulsham, Sheriffs, Walter de "Pappewrth,"
then Alderman [of the Ward (fn. 3) ], Peter de "Stoundone," Richard
ate Diche, and John de Wync[estre], "plomers." Dated Friday
after the Translation of St. Martin [4 July], 18 Edward II.
De securitate facta Gilb'o de Lesnes et Joh'i de Dallyng' per Gilb'm de Brauncestre.
Tuesday after the Feast of St. Luke [18 Oct.], 19 Edward II.
[A.D. 1325], came Gilbert de Lesnes and John de Dallynge,
junior, again, as appears in the paper of recognizances, anno
18 Edward II., and acknowledged themselves bound to Gilbert
de Brauncestre in the sum of 13 marks; and inasmuch as the
latter was under age and could not give an acquittance to the
aforesaid Gilbert and John, there came William Mountagu and
Juliana, relict of Richard le Joignour, and bound themselves to
save harmless the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty, as also
the above Gilbert and John, &c.
Auditores comp' custodum Pontis.
In the Husting held on Monday after the Feast of St. Luke
[18 Oct.], 19 Edward II. [A.D. 1325], Nicholas de Farndone
and Reginald de Conduit, Aldermen, and Edmund Cosyn and
Thomas Prentiz were appointed auditors of the account of John
Sterre and Roger ate Vigne, Wardens of the Bridge, &c.
Friday after the Feast of St. Lucia [13 Dec.], 19 Edward II.
[A.D. 1325], John Albon and Richard le Gaunt removed from
the custody of the Conduit, and Geoffrey de Gedelestone,
"cotiller," and Henry de Ware appointed in their place,
together with Benedict of the Guildhall (de Gihalda).
Folio clxiii b.
Breve R' pro civibus veniend' ad Parliament.
Writ to the Sheriffs of London for the election of two representatives of the City to attend a Parliament (colloquium et
tractatum) to be held at Westminster in the octave of St. Martin
[11 Nov.]. (fn. 4) Dated at Westminster, 10 Oct., 19 Edward II.
Commissio civium euncium ad Parliament' pro civitate.
Letters patent under the Common Seal from H[amo] de
Chigewelle, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and the whole Commonalty, notifying the King of the election of Anketin de
Gisorz and Henry de Sechford to attend the Parliament.
Dated 16 Nov., 19 Edward II. [A.D. 1325]. (fn. 5)
Pleas of the Hall (aule) of the lord the King at the Tower of
London before T[homas ?] le Blunt, Steward and Marshal of
the King's House,
Thursday before the Feast of St. Margaret
[20 July], 19 Edward II. [A.D. 1325].
Libertas allocata cor' Sen'et Mar' de hospiciis non capiend' in civitate.
John de Caustone, one of the Sheriffs of London, attached to
answer the lord the King touching a contempt within the verge,
&c. Alan de Lek, serjeant-herbergeour of the King's household, who prosecutes, says that when, on the King and his
household coming to the Tower on Monday after the Translation of St. Thomas the Martyr [7 July], he the said Alan had,
as in duty bound, allotted to a certain Richard de Ayremynne, (fn. 7)
secretary to the lord the King, the house of the said John de
Caustone at Billyngesgate, and in token thereof had marked
the house with chalk according to custom, and had placed
therein the retinue of the said Richard, the said Sheriff came
and in the presence of the lord the King, and within the verge,
maliciously removed the mark and turned out the retinue, in
contempt of the lord the King to the extent of £1,000. The
Sheriff pleads not guilty and demands a jury. A day given, &c.
The Mayor and citizens thereupon plead the charter of King
Henry III., which declares that no one should take a hostel
by force within the walls of the City, or in Portesokne, or by
delivery of the Marshal, (fn. 8) which charter had been confirmed
by charter of the present King dated at York, 8 June, the
twelfth year of his reign. They further plead the King's
amplification of their liberties, which were not to be forfeited
by non-user, (fn. 9) and they proffer the King's writ to his Steward
and Marshal bidding them not to molest the citizens. And
they say that by virtue of the aforesaid grants such livery
of hostels at the King's coming into the City was accustomed
to be made by the Mayor, Sheriffs, and officers of the City
in the presence of the Marshal of the House and by none
other. They therefore ask that this liberty be allowed them.
Thereupon a day is given for hearing judgment. All parties
appear. The jurors find the aforesaid John not guilty of the
contempt with which he was charged, he therefore goes sine
die, &c. And because it was testified before the King and his
Council by John de Westminster, late Marshal of the House,
that in times past such liveries in the City had been accustomed
to be made by the Mayor, Sheriffs, and officers of the City in
the presence of the Marshal and by none other, it was agreed
that the aforesaid Mayor and citizens should in future use the
same liberty, saving the right of the King, &c.
Quietanc' exec' test'i Galfr' i de Brandon'.
Acquittance by Nicholas de Debeneye, "formager," (fn. 10) and
Mary his wife, daughter of Geoffrey de Brandone, late mercer,
to Sir Robert, the parson of the chapel of Iselyngham, Alice,
late wife of the aforesaid Geoffrey, William de Elsynge, mercer,
and Thomas de Grauntebrigge, executors of the said Geoffrey,
for property left to the aforesaid Mary by her father. Witnesses, John de Orleton, (fn. 11) John Knapwed, Nicholas de Grenewiz,
John de Strode, John de Colewelle, mercer, Richard le Coffrer,
Geoffrey le Cotel[er], William de St. Alban, John Potyn, Ralph
de Braghinge, Ralph Pycot, John le Tableter, William de Corvedale, clerk, and others [not named]. Dated in St. Laurence
lane in the Jewry, Sunday before the Feast of St. Edmund the
King [20 Nov.], 19 Edward II. [A.D. 1325].
Thursday the eve of St. Nicholas [6 Dec.], 19 Edward II.
[A.D. 1325], came Walter de Mordone before Hamo de Chiggewelle, the Mayor, Robert de Swalclif, Reginald de Conduit, and
Roger le Palmere, Aldermen, and Andrew Horn, the Chamberlain, and acknowledged that he had in his hands the following
goods belonging to the children of Paulin Turk, viz., three lasts
of herrings, two silver dishes, and £6 10s. in money, all of
which the said Walter was ordered to deliver to John de
Comptone, guardian of the said children.
Folio clxiv b.
Custodia bueror' Paulini Turk.°
Tuesday after the Feast of St. Lucia [13 Dec.], 19 Edward II.
[A.D. 1325], the guardianship of John, Peter, Elena, and Cristina,
children of Paulin Turk, committed to John de Comptone,
fishmonger, by Hamo de Chiggewell, the Mayor, and the
Aldermen. Sureties, viz., William de Prestone, "weder," (fn. 12) and
William de Bronne, ironmonger.
Acquietancia custod' Pont' London'.
Acquittance under the Common Seal by Hamo de Chigewelle, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and the rest of the citizens to
Roger ate Vigne and John Sterre, Wardens of London Bridge,
on their account to Michaelmas last. Dated Tuesday before
the Feast of St. Thomas [21 Dec.], 19 Edward II. [A.D. 1325].
De Kayo Sc'i Botulphi.
Confirmation of ordinance to the effect that the wharf of
St. Botolph with houses appertaining thereto shall be kept in
repair by the Wardens of London Bridge for the time being.
Dated ut supra.
Adhuc de custodia pueror' Paulini Turk.
Saturday after the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.],
5 Edward III. [A.D. 1331], at the request of William Bronne and
William de Prestone, it was agreed by the Mayor and Aldermen
that John de Comptone should not be released from Neugate,
where he was being detained for certain reasons by the Sheriff,
until he had satisfied the children of Paulin Turk according to
the custom of the City.
Centum marce tradite Joh'i de Caustone, etc.
At the Husting for Pleas of Land held on Monday before the
Feast of St. Mark [25 April], 19 Edward II. [A.D. 1326], came
Peter de Gosberkirke, being warned by Peter de Hungrie,
Serjeant of the Chamber, at the order of Hamo de Chiggewelle,
the Mayor, and the Aldermen, and delivered to the said Mayor
and Aldermen the sum of 100 marks which had been left by
Simon de Abyndone to John his son, and prayed an acquittance
for himself and his sureties. Thereupon came John de Caustone
and Eva his wife, principal executrix of the said Simon and testamentary guardian of the said John, and prayed that the money
might be delivered to them, and this was granted, the said John
de Caustone finding the following sureties, viz., Richard de Hakeneye, Alderman, Benedict de Fulsham, Thomas de Evenefeld,
"spicer," and Richard Ruthyn, mercer, the aforesaid Peter de
Gosberkirke and his sureties being released.
Custodia Is' fil' Andr' de Faisceby.
Thursday after the Feast of St. John ante portam Latinam
[6 May], 19 Edward II. [A.D. 1326], the guardianship of Isabella,
daughter of Andrew de Faisceby, Marshal (marescalli), committed by Hamo de Chigewelle, the Mayor, and the Aldermen,
to Mary, the mother of the said Isabella, the said Mary
finding sureties, viz., William and John, sons of John de
Folio clxv b.
Scriptum Moricu Turgys per Edwardum le Blound.
Lease by Edward le Blount, son of John le Blount, to Morice
Turgis, draper, of his seld in Westchepe, situate near the seld
of Robert de Hagham and the tenement late belonging to Aleyn
de Sutton; to hold the same from Michaelmas last for life and
for one year after his decease at an annual rent of £4. Witnesses, Robert de Hagham, Knt., Ralph de Uptone, Walter
Miriet, John de Someresham, Adam "Inthelane," &c. Dated
Sunday the Feast of the Conception B. M. [8 Dec.], 19 Edward II. [A.D. 1325].
Enrolled before Henry de Seccheford, Alderman, on Saturday
after the Purification [2 Feb.], 19 Edward II. [A.D. 1325-6].
Scriptum Rob'ti Wynehelm per Will'm Trug'.
Lease by William Trugge, girdler, to Robert (de) Wynehelme,
girdler, of a tenement situate near the tenement of Robert
de Worstede, and rents in Aldermanberi in the parish of
St. Laurence Jewry, excepting a portion of a tenement held
by Robert de Dodeford and "Eleyne" his wife, widow of
Adam Trugge, father of the said William; to hold the same
in satisfaction of a debt for a term of ten years. Dated the
eve of Easter [7 April], 19 Edward II. [A.D. 1326].
De xxs. legat' ad Cameram Gildaul' in test'o Thome Romayn.
Extract from the will of Thomas Romeyn, proved in the
Husting for Pleas of Land held on Monday the Feast of
St. Gregory [12 March], 6 Edward II. [A.D. 1312-13], (fn. 13) touching
a bequest to the Chamber of the Guildhall of 20s. annual
quitrent issuing from his tenement in Sopereslane.
Folio clxvi b.
Custodia Margerie et Jul' filiar' Elie fil' Math i le Chaundel'.
At the Husting for Pleas of Land held on Monday before the
Feast of St. John ante portam Latinam [6 May], 19 Edward II.
[A.D. 1326], the guardianship of Margery and Juliana, daughters
of Elias, son of Matthew le Chaundeler de Candelwykstrete, was
committed to John le Neve de Candelwykstrete, with the assent
of Matilda Abraham, their grandmother, by Hamo de Chiggewelle, the Mayor, and the Aldermen. Sureties, viz., Robert de
Hatfeld, "burler," and Robert le Yonge, "burler." Mention
made of Roger de Depham.
De Stapul' lane.
Letters patent addressed to the Sheriffs of London bidding
them to cause proclamation to be made of ordinances regulating
the Staple of England, Ireland, and Wales. Dated at Kenilworth, 1 May, 19 Edward II. [A.D. 1326]. (fn. 14)
Folio clxvii b.
Litera d'ni R' pro cardombus, etc.
Letter of Privy Seal addressed to Hamo de Chigewelle, the
Mayor, acknowledging the receipt of his letter informing the
King of the fact that Flemings, Brabanters, and other foreigners
had been seizing all the teasels (cardouns), "bure," (fn. 15) madder,
woad, fuller's earth, and other materials for making cloth that
they could lay hands on in order to subvert the Staple, and that
he (the Mayor) had arrested 20 tuns (toneux) that had been shipped
for abroad. The King commends his action and charges him
to arrest all materials of the kind passing through the City for
the purpose of being shipped abroad to the injury of the Staple.
Dated at Saltwode, (fn. 16) 21 May, 19 Edward II. [A.D. 1326].
Breve d'ni R' ne cardones ducantur extra regnum, etc.
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs that they make proclamation
within the City against the exportation of "taseles" and
fuller's earth. Witness the King at Saltwode, 30 May, 19 Edward II. [A.D. 1326]. (fn. 17)
Breve Reg' ad eligend' Maiorem stapular' lan', etc.
Writ to the same, bidding them to select two citizens engaged
in the trade of wool, leather, woolfels, and tin, the Staple of
which commodities had been appointed to be held in certain
places, and not elsewhere, and to cause them to appear at the
house of the Preaching Friars on the morrow of St. Barnabas
[11 June], before Hamo de Chigewelle, the Mayor, John de
Cherleton, Reginald de Conduit, and Henry Darcy, merchants
of the City of London, and John de Flynt and John de Hales,
merchants of Norwich, for them to select one to be Mayor
of the Staples aforesaid. Witness the King at Croydon,
24 May, 19 Edward II. [A.D. 1326].
Saturday after the Feast of St. Peter ad Vincula [1 Aug.],
20 Edward II. [A.D. 1326], came Peter Moles, merchant of
"Meilorg'," (fn. 18) before Hamo de Chigewelle, the Mayor, Robert
de Swalclif, Roger le Palmere, Richard de Hakeneie, and
Henry de Seccheford, Aldermen, and Andrew Horn, the
Chamberlain, and pledged himself to save harmless Stephen de
Bercote and John de Writle for having disobeyed a summons
to appear before the King.
Folios: clxviii b.
Litera missa d'no R' pro Stapula lane viz: pro trona, etc.
Letter [from the Mayor, &c., of the City] to the King praying
him not to remove the tron for wool to the New Temple, which
lay outside the City, (fn. 19) and was a difficult place to bring wool to by
river, especially in time of frost. Dated 30 July, 20 Edward II.
De Stapula lane.
Writ to the Mayor of London to see that the ordinances
made by the late King touching the Staple be duly observed.
Dated at Notyngham, 1 May, 1 Edward III. [A.D. 1327].
Breve d'ni R' pro predicta Stapula tenend'.
Writ to the Sheriffs of London that they proclaim the King's
will that the ordinances of the Staple made by Edward II. be
upheld, notwithstanding his having made an exception in favour
of certain merchants who had promised to assist him in his
war with Scotland with 300 woolfels out of every last of skins.
Witness the King at York, 1 March, 2 Edward III. [A.D. 1327-8].
Exoneracio Joh'is de Caustone et Eve uxoris ejus de c marcis.
Saturday before the Feast of St. James [25 July], 9 Edward III. [A.D. 1335], came Stephen, son of Simon de Abyndone,
before Reginald de Conduit, the Mayor, John de Grantham,
Gregory de Nortone, John Hamond, Richard de Hakeneye, and
Henry de Secheford, Aldermen, and acknowledged satisfaction
for the sum of 100 marks due to him on the death of John his
brother by bequest of Simon his father, and he quitclaimed
John de Caustone and Eva his wife, mother of the said Stephen
Folio clxix b.
At the Husting held on Monday before the Feast of St. Edmund the King [20 Nov.], 5 Edward III. [A.D. 1331], came John
de Dallynge, junior, executor of Henry Burel, and prayed that
the wardship of John, the only surviving son of Henry Burel,
now aged seven years, the other son having died, might be
taken into the hands of the Court, now that John Somer,
who had formerly been appointed guardian, (fn. 20) had died without
devising the wardship. Thereupon precept to the Chamberlain
to take the said wardship into the City's hands.
Afterwards, viz., at the Husting held on Monday after the
Feast of St. Nicholas [6 Dec.], came the aforesaid John de
Dallinge and prayed that the wardship might be committed
to him, which was granted. Sureties, viz., John de Aylesham
and Thomas de Cauntebr[igge], mercer. The sureties of John
Somer, viz., William Pikerel, John de Bredstrete, and Hugh de
Depedene, discharged by the Court.
Afterwards, viz., on Monday before the Feast of St. Margaret
[20 July], 7 Edward III. [A.D. 1333], a question having been
raised as to a rent-charge on a certain shop, the property of
the above infant, payable to Edmund de Coventre, an inquest
was held on the Friday after the Feast of St. Mary Magdalen
[22 July], 7 Edward III. [A.D. 1333], on the oath of Nicholas
atte Mersshe, Roger de Wenlok, Theobald de Caustone, Simon
de Gartone, John de Aylesham, Robert de Wyttele, Thomas de
Worstede, Nicholas de Caustone, John de Colewell, Simon
de Hyndringham, William de Elsinge, junior, and Thomas de
Cantebrigge, junior, and the rent-charge was allowed.
The last particulars recorded by precept of Reginald de
Conduit and Gregory de Nortone, Aldermen.
Writ of Privy Seal addressed to the Mayor and Sheriffs of
London, enclosing a form of proclamation to be made in the
City, calling for assistance against Roger de Mortimer and
other of the King's enemies who had entered the kingdom, (fn. 21) and
offering a reward for his head. Dated at the Tower, 28 Sept.,
20 Edward II. [A.D. 1326]. (fn. 22)
Proclamation made on Michaelmas Eve.
Folio clxx b.
Breve Reg' de statuto mercatorum.
Writ to the Mayor of London and to the clerk appointed to
receive recognizances of debts in the City according to the form
of the Statute formerly (dudum) promulgated at Westminster, (fn. 23)
bidding them see that the form of the Statute is duly observed,
notwithstanding an ordinance recently passed by certain great
ones of the realm to the effect that the aforesaid Statute should
only have effect as between merchant and merchant and
their goods. (fn. 24) Dated at Westminster, 23 July, 20 [Edward II.,