DIE (fn. *) Mercurii, 14 die Maii.
Ds. Grey de Warke, Speaker.
L. Viscount Say & Seale.
Roasons for Colonel Davis to be Governor of the Isle of Ely, rather than Colonel Russell.
The Earl of Essex reported from the Committee,
the Reasons why this House agrees not with the House
of Commons in making Colonel Russell Governor of
the Isle of Ely, and recommending Colonel Davies to
be Governor there; which being (fn. *) read, they were approved, and Ordered to be communicated to the House
of Commons, at a Conference. (Here enter it.)
State of the Fleet.
The Earl of Warwicke gave this House an Account
of the State of the Fleet, which was read as followeth:
(Here enter it.)
Increase of it to be considered.
And Ordered, To be communicated to the House
of Commons, at a Conference; and offer to their Consideration the Smallness of this Summer's Fleet; there
being more Need now than formerly to send a greater
Navy (fn. †) to Sea, in regard of the Commissions granted by
the King to take Ships of Merchants that are affected
to the Parliament.
Answer from the H. C.
Doctor Aylett and Doctor Heath return with this
Answer from the House of Commons, to the Message
That they will return an Answer by Messengers of
Message to them, for a Conference about the Navy, and the Isle of Ely.
A Message was sent to the House of Commons, by
Doctor Aylett and Doctor Heath:
To desire a Conference, in the Painted Chamber,
so soon as it may stand with their Conveniency, touching
the Isle of Ely and the Navy.
Mrs. Glover to be freed from Assessments, or her Arrears to be paid her.
Upon reading the Petition of Eliz. Glover; shewing,
"That her Husband being slain in the Service of
the Parliament, at Tipton, there are many Arrears
of Pay due unto him; besides, he was at a great
Charge in the raising of his Troop; but, in regard
of the great Assessments that lies upon the Estate
of the Petitioner, and the not paying of the Arrears,
the Petitioner suffers great Want."
It is Ordered, That it be recommended to the
House of Commons, that she may either be released from
Assessments, or her Arrears paid her.
Sir Theodore Mayherne's Petition, to be ficed from Assessments, as he has received no Salary since the Beginning of the Troubles.
Upon reading the Petition of Sir Theodore De Mayerne Knight; shewing, "That, in the Year of our
Lord 1611, he was called and brought out of France,
by express Letters, and a Messenger from King James
of Blessed Memory, and by His Majesty honoured
with the Place of His Chief Physician; (fn. *) in Consideration whereof, by Covenant, (fn. †) His Majesty did
give and assign unto the Petitioner, Yearly, to the
Value of One Thousand Pounds Sterling, or thereabouts, besides a Diet of Five Dishes, with all the
Dependences of it; and lastly, an Exemption of all
Subsidies and other Impositions whatsoever; all which
Articles have been confirmed by His Majesty now
reigning, at His first coming to the Crown, by Letters Patents under the Great Seal of England: The
Petitioner hath peaceably enjoyed all the said Grants
and Concessions until the Beginning of these Troubles; since which Distractions, he hath received
nothing of his Annuities these Three Years and a
Half, except the Diet, which he hath enjoyed during his painful and continual Service about the Young
Princes here abiding, the Care of whose Health hath
been altogether in his Charge. In the Progress of
this present War, both the Houses, being moved
in the Petitioner's Behalf, did grant unto him Two
Orders, to exempt him from all Charges and Taxations; the said Orders of the 6th and 15th of September, 1643, made severally, and thought verily by
the Petitioner to be equivalent to an Ordinance:
Some few Days past, the House of Commons was
pleased to retract and revoke their Order; upon
which the Petitioner, being referred to the Committee of Lords and Commons sitting at Haberdashers Hall, hath been taxed for the Twentieth Part
of his Goods at One Thousand Pounds, with an
Injunction to pay in ready Money the Moiety of this
Sum the 19th of this Month.
"Now the Petitioner desires, that, the Five Hundred Pounds for the Moiety of his Assessment being paid (as it shall be at the Day
appointed), for the Remnant, either to acquit him, or to assign the Payment of it
upon the Sum due unto him for his Wages
in the Court of Wards, from whence, according to his Patent, he is used to receive
them: And, 1. Concerning his Annuities
past and unpaid, and those that are to come:
2. The enjoying of his Diet in his continual
Service: 3. The Restoration and Confirmation of his Exemption from all Taxes by an
Ordinance of both Houses of Parliament:
That so he and his Family may be able to
subsist in this Kingdom, in the Exercise of
his Charge about the Royal Children, as also
of his Profession otherwise."
To be recommended to the H. C.
Hereupon it is Ordered, That this Petition be sent
down to the House of Commons, with a special Recommendation.
And the Earl of Northumb. Earl of Manchester,
and the Lord Viscount Say & Seale, and the Lord
Howard, were appointed to draw up somewhat they
think fit, to offer to the House of Commons, concerning the same.
Manning, a Pass.
Ordered, That Ric'd Manning shall have a Pass, to
go to Woodstocke, and return to London.
Countess of Sussex's Fishery at Burnham, alias Wallsleet.
Ordered, That the Persons sent for up for disturbing the quiet Possession of the Countess of Sussex shall
be brought to this Bar on Friday Morning next; and
then the Business shall be heard.
Message from the H. C. with Officers Names;
A Message was brought from the House of Commons, by Sir Robert Pye Knight, &c.
To desire their Lordships Concurrence in several
Things brought up by him:
"Resolved, That Captain Wm. Colmore shall have
the Command of that Regiment of Horse which
was Colonel Purefoye's, and shall be Colonel thereof."
"Resolved, That the whole Matter of the Report
concerning Lieutenant Colonel Cockaine's being Governor of Newport Pagnell, be re-committed, together
with the Letter from the Committee of Aylesbury, of
April 21, 1645, to be examined."
with Instruction for the Muster-masters;
Rules and Instructions to the Muster-masters of the
Army. (Here to be entered.)
with an Ordinance to prevent prest Men from deserting;
Ordinance from the House of Commons, for punishing such listed and imprested Soldiers as run from their
1a & 2a
vice lecta, and committed to the Committee
of the whole House, to be taken into Consideration Tomorrow Morning; and the Judges to be present.
and with Instructions for the Army Commissioners.
Instructions to the Commissioners that are to reside
in the Army.
The Answer returned was:
That to the Ordinance concerning the Soldiers impressed that run away, and to the Ordinance concerning Instructions to the Committee that reside in the
Army, their Lordships will send an Answer by Messengers of their own: To all the rest of the Particulars of this Message, their Lordships do agree to them.
Allowance for Lady Fairfax and her Children.
Ordered, That it be recommended to the House of
Commons, that some Maintenance may be allowed to
the Lady and Children of Sir Wm. Fairefax, to supply
them in their present pressing Necessities; he being killed
in the Service of the Parliament.
Ordinance for the Courts of Law to sit on Days, not formerly Juridical.
Ordered, That the Earl of Manchester, Lord Viscount Say and Seale, Lord Wharton, and Lord North,
do prepare an Ordinance, and present the same to this
House, for ordering the Courts of Westm. Hall to sit
on Assention-day, and other Days, (fn. *) which anciently have
not been Juridical Days, and Mr. Serjeant Whitfield is
to attend their Lordships.
Message from the H. C. with Orders; and with Letters concerning Taunton.
A Message was brought from the House of Commons,
by Mr. Greene, &c.
1. To acquaint their Lordships with Two Letters,
concerning the Relief of the Town of Taunton.
(Here enter them.)
2. An Order concerning Colonel Samuell Jones.
(Here enter it.)
3. An Order concerning the Lady Joane Drake.
(Here enter it.)
4. Votes concerning paying of One Thousand Pounds
to Colonel Fiennes. (Here enter it.)
Petition of Seamen and others.
The humble Petition of divers Seamen, Masters of
Ships and Barques, whose Names are subscribed, (fn. †) directed to both Houses.
Ordered, To be sent to the House of Commons.
Baldwin's Petition, for an Employment.
The humble Petition of Baldwine; desiring to
be put into some Place of Employment, having done
much Service for the State.
Which this House approved of.
The Earl of Northumb. reported from the Committee,
Declaration to be sent to the H. C. in Behalf of Sir Theodore Mayerne.
"The Lords having formerly, out of their Respect
unto Sir Theodore Mayerne, declared their Wishes that
he might continue (as he hath done for many Years)
(fn. *) free from all Taxes and Cessments, do now desire,
that a Man so eminent in his Profession, and so useful
to very many Persons in this Kingdom, may receive
all Encouragements to reside still here amongst us,
he being contented to pay the Moiety assessed upon
him; the Remainder, which is required, can be of
no great Advantage unto the Parliament; nor will
those Cessments which may for the future be expected from him assist much towards the carrying on
of the War; yet he is willing that his Land should
continue liable to all Taxes, as hitherto it hath done:
The Lords desire that the House of Commons would
join with them, in expressing their Esteem of a Man,
whose extraordinary Abilities would make him welcome in any Part of Christendom; and, as he is singular for his Knowledge in his Profession, so he
may be singular in being (by the Favour of the
Houses) exempted from all Payments which others
are subject unto; it being but a Continuation of that
Favour which he hath here enjoyed for above Thirty
Years without Interruption."
Ordered, That this House approves of this Report;
and that the same be recommended to the House of
Commons by next Message.
Reasons for preferring Colonel Davis to Colonel Russell, to be Governor of the Isle of Ely.
"The Lords do concur in their Opinions with the
House of Commons, that there shall be a Committee
appointed by both Houses, to order the Militia of
the Isle of Ely, and to which the Governor (who
shall be agreed upon) shall be subordinate; but concerning their Choice of Colonel Russell to be Governor of that Island, their Lordships cannot give
their Consents; but, instead of him, do earnestly recommend to them Colonel Davis, and for these Reasons:
"1. Because, that being a Place of high Concernment, both for the Advantage of Situation
in its own Strength and natural Defence,
and for being surrounded with those Counties
which afford us our greatest Subsistence, it
will be necessary to place a Soldier of known
Abilities, Fidelity, and Experience, in a Command of such Importance, as may carry with
it the Preservation even of the Parliament and
of the Cause, rather than a Gentleman of the
Country, who is young in Years, and hath
not had that Experience in Military Affairs,
which may make him fit to be intrusted with
the keeping of a Place of so high Consequence
in a Time of so great Danger.
"2. There being great Factions and Divisions
amongst the Gentry and Inhabitants of that
Island (though all may be of good Affections
to the Parliament, but differing in Opinions
in Point of Church Government, which may
make them differ amongst themselves in Affection, and thereby hinder the Progress of
Public Affairs); it will (fn. †) conduce more to the
quieting and settling of all Divisions, to place
a Soldier and a Stranger there, and One not
engaged in their several Interests, and free from
all Faction, than to intrust some of the Gentlemen of the Island as a Committee with the
directive Part, and put the Power of the Military into the Hands of another Gentleman
of those Parts, so to endanger the fomenting
those Differences and Disorders which in most
Parts of the Kingdom have chiefly retarded
the good Success of our Armies.
"3. Both Houses being pre-engaged for Colonel
Davis' Preferment, and the House of Peers
more particularly for that Employment, to
which their Lordships formerly recommended
him to the Committee of Lords and Commons appointed for the nominating of Officers; their Lordships are so well informed of
the Worth and Ability of that Gentleman,
and of the great Service he hath done the
Parliament in some eminent Occasions, with
the Loss of his Blood, and of One of his
Limbs, that they are so far from receding from
their former Opinions and Choice of him, as,
for these Considerations, they do the more
seriously insist upon their former Resolutions,
and desire the Concurrence of the House of
Commons, that Colonel Davis may be Governor of that Island."
State of the Fleet; and their Designation.
"In Obedience to your Lordships Command received Yesterday; I do present unto you, State of
the Fleet now at Sea, as followeth:
"The Number of Ships and Vessels provided for
this Summer's Expedition (besides Six for Guard of
the Fishermen and Colliers) are Forty-nine, (fn. *) whereof about Ten are small Vessels, and of them some of
little other Use but as Packet Boats.
"Which Ships and Vessels are thus to be disposed;
"For Guard of the Irish Seas,
||Whereof Two are Packet Boats, One employed remote on the North West of Ireland.|
|"For the Scottch Guard, in Pursuance of the Treaty,
||Besides One more that's to be taken up.|
|"Designed to the blocking-up of Bristoll,
||Whereof Three taken out of the other Squadrons, and Four additional, besides Two Shallops; and Two other Shallops for Weymouth.|
|"At Guarnsey, for Safe-guard thereof, and blocking up (fn. †) Castle Cornett,
|"For Convoy at The Downes, less cannot attend than
|"There will be thro' the whole Expedition, in Port, to revictual, repair, go up with Prizes, &c. by Estimation,
"So there will rest 13:
"Upon which the Performances
of the Services will necessarily
"The Attendance of the Enemies Ports in the West
and North of England.
"The appointing of Ships to lie before Ostend, Donkirke, Newport, St. Mallo, &c. to intercept Ammunition, &c.
"The Encouragement and relieving the Parliament's
"The plying at Sea, from the North of England to
The Land's End Westward.
"The preventing and resisting of Affronts, for maintaining the Sovereignty of the Seas.
"And considering the daily and great Losses of Our
Merchants by Sea;
"The Number of Ships employed against the Parliament, under the Pretence of His Majesty's Commission;
"The further Preparation of Shipping in Holland,
Ostend, and other Parts of Flaund'rs, to infest the
Trade of this Kingdom;
"And that, if the Enemy continue to disturb the
Trade of the Kingdom, and seize our Ships, the Enemy will be thereby furnished with a very considerable
Fleet from ourselves;
"The Customs and Excise (whereby the Preparations both by Sea and Land are maintained) will be
"The Merchants will be impoverished in their
Estates, and discouraged in their Trade;
"The Mariners will be partly necessitated through
Want of Employment here, partly encouraged by
the Profitableness of Employment elsewhere, to betake
themselves to Foreign Services:
"1 shall be bold, therefore, humbly to offer to
Consideration, whether the Public Service of the
Kingdom will not suffer, if a greater Number of Ships
be not provided and set forth."
Letter from Sir T. Fairfax, concerning the Relief of Taunton.
"For the Honourable William Lenthall Esquire,
Speaker of the Honourable House of Commons.
"I have sent you here inclosed Colonel Welden's Letter,
shewing God's Goodness, in the seasonable Relief of
Taunton; and I hear the Enemy hath sent Part of
their Force to Bridgewater, and Part to Exeter. We
have had a continual March this Fourteen Days;
the Extremity of Heat and Length of Way hath
much wearied the Soldiers, and worn out their Shoes,
which I desire may be supplied with all Speed. This,
with some little Rest, will make these Men willing,
and very ready, to obey any Command they shall have
to do Service. I shall, for the present, refer you to
this inclosed, and so remain
Whit Church, 13, at 12 a Clock at Night.
"Your affectionate Friend,
and humble Servant,
Letter from Colonel Weldon to Sir T. Fairfax, that he had relieved Taun-
"To the Right Honourable Sir. Tho. Fairefax,
Commander in Chief of the Army raised for
the Defence of King and Parliament. Present.
"According to your Command, I shall give you
an Account of the good Success wherewith God hath
blessed this Party hitherto. We have marched very
hard, lost no Time, and this Sunday the 11th came
before Taunton, where Ten of ours fell on a Hundred
of theirs, and killed and took some of them; and
they could not believe but we were my Lord Goreing's
Forces. We were within Four Miles of the Town
before they would believe we were come; and then,
about Four of the Clock in the Afternoon, they confusedly run every Way. God's Goodness appeared
very much to this poor Town. We came in the
very Point of Time; their Ammunition was all spent,
very much of the Town burnt, the Town extremely
well defended, many Times entered by Storm, and
beaten out again. They have Two Hundred hurt
Men in the Town. It must now be our Part to consider how to subsist. The barbarous Enemy hath almost unpeopled the Country since I came hence, in
Six Weeks Time; a wonderful Change, scarce a
Man to be seen in a Village: I shall in all Humility acquaint your Honour, that I hear my Regiment is designed for the West. I humbly entreat,
if it be possible, I may wait on your Honour in your
Army; which if your Honour shall please to grant,
it will much oblige
Pitmister, May the 11th.
"Your most humble Servant,
Order for Monies due to Colonel Jones.
"It is Ordered, by the Lords and Commons assembled in Parliament, That the Committee of Lords
and Commons for Advance of Monies at Habberdashers Hall do pay unto Colonel Samuell Jones all
such Monies as shall appear to be due unto him,
upon the making of his Accompts, for Arms furnished by him to the State, in its Course, next after
the Assignments already made upon that Committee
be first satisfied."
Order for Monies to Ly Joan and Sir F. Drake, Ly Strode and Sir W. Lister, for their Support.
"Upon Information by some Members of the House,
That the Lady Joane Drake and Sir Francis Drake
were in very great Wants, and that their Estates had
been utterly ruined for their Affections to the Parliament; it is thereupon Ordered, That Two Hundred Pounds shall be charged upon Habberdashers
Hall, and forthwith paid to the Lady Joane Drake
and to Sir Francis Drake, to each of them One Hundred Pounds, for their present Support: And, upon
a like Information of the Necessities and Losses of
Sir Richard Strode's Lady, and Sir William Lister; it is
further Ordered, That two Hundred Pounds more
be charged upon Habberdashers Hall, to be forthwith
paid to the said Lady Stroad and Sir William Lister,
to each of them One Hundred Pounds, for the present
Support and Maintenance of them and their Families respectively; and that the Hundred Pounds
appointed for the said Lady Stroad be paid to Mr.
Denis Bond, for the Use of the said Lady Stroad."
1000 l. to Col. Fiennes's Regiment.
"Resolved, &c. That One Thousand Pounds shall
be forthwith provided, for a Fortnight's Pay, upon
Accompt, for Colonel Fienne's Regiment.
"Resolved, &c. That this Thousand Pounds shall
be charged upon the Excise, to be paid after all
other Assignments there shall be first satisfied."
"Rules and Instructions to the Muster-masters
of the Army.
Instructions for the Muster-masters.
"1. That the Commissaries of the Musters do attend the Commander in Chief, for his Warrant to
muster, he being to assign the Time and Place; and
that the whole Army be mustered in One Day (if
possible); and the Officers and Soldiers are hereby required to appear in their Arms.
"2. That the Commissary, at every Muster, call
over each Company, or Troop, by the Rolls of the
former Muster, and note how many Officers or Soldiers be dead, absent, or recruited, since the last Musster; and, betwixt every Muster, view the Persons
recruited before he enter and be admitted into the
new List; after which, at every Muster, the Commissary is to certify upon the Roll the Day whereon
such Recruits were entered, to the Treasurer of the
Army, who is hereby required to pay those Recruits
according to the Time they have been upon Duty,
for no longer Time than from their Entertainment
into the Service.
"3. That Musters be made Once a Month at the
least before Payments be made, if it may be done
without Prejudice to the Designs of the Army; and
that the Muster-masters of Horse and Foot, at the
Request of the Commissioners or any of them (or,
in Default thereof, such Persons as the Commissioners
shall appoint), shall cause any particular Regiment,
Troop, or Company, the Train, or any Part thereof,
to be viewed and mustered at such Time and Place
as the Commissioners by Consent of the Commander
in Chief shall think most convenient; and the Commissaries of the Musters and their Deputies are to
admit no Soldier upon the Muster, but such as shall
appear upon the Place before the Beginning of any
general Muster, in case he be absent through his own
Neglect, or not attested for in such Manner as is hereafter expressed; (videlicet,)
"That the Physician, the Apothecary of the Army,
and the Chirurgeon of the Regiment or Train, or any
One of them, do give Attestation of all such sick or
wounded Soldiers as lie within the Quarters of the
Army; the Minister and Constable of the Parish for
such as are sick, wounded, or absent upon Service,
without the Quarters; which absent Soldiers from
their Quarters the Commissaries of the Musters shall
continue in their Rolls, and certify them every Muster to the Treasurer, and the Treasurer to reserve
their several Pays till such Time as the Parties themselves return to the Army, or otherwise can receive
their own Money, in such a Way as (upon Certificate thereof made) the Commander in Chief shall
approve of: The Muster-masters are hereby commanded, that the Attestations after (fn. *) any general
or particular Muster be limited to the Third Day;
and the Attestations to be certified, under the Hands
of the Persons attesting, upon the Roll of every Company or Troop so mustered, or in some Sheet fairly
written and annexed to the said Roll.
"4. That the Commissaries take Care, that no Captain or other superior Officer be absent from the
Army, without Licence of the Commander in Chief;
nor any other inferior Officer or Soldier, without
Licence of his Colonel, or next Officer commanding
the Regiment; nor any Officer, Soldier, or Persons
belonging to the Train, without Licence of the Lieutenant General of the Ordnance; which Licences,
and every of them, are to express and limit a reasonable Time for the Return of such Officer or other Persons (so licensed) to the Army, and subscribed by
the respective Officers authorized as aforesaid, and
after entered with the respective Muster-masters; who
is hereby required, that every such Officer, Soldier,
or other Person, as shall be so absent, or beyond the
Time allowed him, shall not pass the Muster during
such Absence, but shall forfeit his Pay, and be further punished at the Discretion of the Commander in
"5. That every Captain, Lieutenant, or Ensign,
of every Troop or Company, shall, Once in every
Six Days, give Notice in Writing, under One of
their Hands, to the respective Muster-masters, of the
Name and Surname of every Officer or Soldier of
the Troop or Company, that shall absent himself
from his Colours, for any Time, and how long, between Muster and Muster, without such Attestation
or Licence as aforesaid; and if, upon due Proof to
the Commissioners for the Army, it appears that the
Captain, Lieutenant, and Ensign, or Cornet, do wilfully neglect or refuse to certify such absent Officers
or Soldiers within the Time aforesaid, that then the
Captain, Lieutenant, Ensign, or Cornet, shall each
of them forfeit a Day's Pay, to be chequed out of
their next Pay; which said Forfeitures shall be disposed of by the Commissioners, and distributed by
the Muster-masters to the inferior Officers or Soldiers of such Troop or Company, or such other as
shall give true Information of false Musters, Neglects,
or Absence, as aforesaid.
"6. That, at every Muster, the Muster-masters shall
take special Notice of defective Horse and Arms, and
to represent them duly to the Commissioners aforesaid,
who are hereby authorized to dispose of such unserviceable Horses and unfixed Arms, for the best Advantage of the Public Service.
"7. That every Captain, Lieutenant, Cornet, and
other Officers of Horse, shall muster such spare and
led Horses as are allowed him upon the List; and no
Officer shall have Pay for any more spare or led Horses
than he shall muster, from Time to Time, over and
besides his Troop; nor any Trooper, that is unmounted at any Muster, shall be allowed more than Twelve
Pence per Diem for so long as he remains unmounted.
"8. That the Muster-master, nor any of his Deputies or Agents employed under him, shall, directly or
indirectly, take any Reward or Gratuity, for mustering, or making up of the Rolls of the Muster, upon
Pain of severe Punishment, to be inflicted by Parliament, or by a Council of War.
"All which Rules and Instructions the Muster-masters are enjoined to observe; and the Commissioners
for the Army are hereby authorized and required to
supervise, and to the utmost of their Abilities see