DIE Martis, 27 die Maii.
PRAYERS, by Mr. Seaman.
Ds. Grey de Warke, Speaker.
L. Viscount Say & Seale.
Letter from the Committee at York.
A Letter was read, from the Lord Fairefax, and
others of the Committee; shewing the State of Affairs
in Yorkeshire. (Here enter it.)
Answer from the H. C.
Sir Edward Leech and Mr. Page return with this
Answer to the Message sent to the House of Commons
on Saturday last:
That they will send an Answer by Messengers of their
General Crawford against Man and Moore.
The Earl of Manchester reported the Examinations
of the Witnesses of Major General Crawford, concerning the Abuse which one Man the Constable offered
The said Examinations upon Oath were read.
(Here enter them.)
Hereupon it is Ordered, That the Constable Man,
and Moore, shall be attached as Delinquents, and committed to the Prison of The Fleete, for the present, and
brought before this House on Thursday Morning next,
to answer the said Complaint.
Lord Savile's Petition, for Leave to compound for his Delinquency.
Upon reading the Petition of the Lord Savile; shewing, "That he being a domestic Servant to His Majesty, and obliged by Oath to Attendance upon his
Place, hath, upon that Error, failed in his Attendance as a Peer in this House; but is confident he
hath not otherwise done any Disservice, or promoted
the War against the Parliament; that he is returned,
full of Sorrow for his Offence, and full of Desire to
redeem his Fault, and full of Hope to deserve their
Honourable Favours; and thereupon doth most humbly
supplicate, that their Lordships will be pleased to
pardon his Error, and to admit him to make his Composition at Goldsmith' Hall, in such Condition as he
may himself be able to subsist; and he shall never
cease to endeavour all Means to merit their Lordships
Favour, to acknowledge their Clemency, &c."
It is Ordered, That this House leaves his Lordship
to his Liberty, to do herein as he shall think fit.
Jennyns and Dawes.
Ordered, That the Certificate made by Sir Edward
Leech, and in Mr. Jennyn's Case and Sir Thomas Dawes,
shall be read on Saturday Morning next.
Fast to be observed.
Ordered, That the Lords do meet To-morrow
Morning in this House, and go to the Fast Sermon in
the Abbey Church.
Letter from the Scots Commissioners.
A Letter directed to the Speaker, was read, from the
Scottish Commissioners, concerning the Marching of the
Scottish Army into Westm'land. (Here enter it.)
Message to the H. C. with it.
A Message was sent to the House of Commons, by
Sir Edw. Leech and Mr. Page:
To communicate the Letter of the Scottish Commissioners to them.
Letter from the Committee at York, concerning the Situation of Affairs in that Country.
"For the Right Honourable the Speaker in the
House of Lords for the Time being. These,
"Since our last of the Fifteenth of this Month, we
have received sundry Intelligence of the King's Approach Northwards, with a great Force; whereupon
we have used our utmost Endeavours, and proposed
all rational Inducements, to press the Advance of
the Scotts Army Southwards, according to the Command of both Houses; and upon Thursday and Friday
last, at a Meeting with the Earl of Leven and the
other General Commanders of the Scotts Army, we
earnestly laboured their March, by the Way of Derby,
to Chesheir, where they and the other Forces designed might have interposed 'twixt the King's
Army and the Northern Counties; but, in all our
Arguments and Reasons given for their more Southerly Advance, we were encountered with Apprehensions that the King and His Army might evade
them if they marched immediately to Derby, and so
be able either to enter Scotland, or raise their Siege
of Carlisle, or both, before they could possibly recover Ground to interpose 'twixt that Danger and
their native Country; so that all the Fruits that Conference produced, was only the appointing a Rendezvous for the Nottingham, Derby, and Lincolneshire
Forces, at Nottingham, on Wednesday last; and the
Chesheir, Stafford, and Lancasheir, on Thursday, in
some Place to be thought fittest by Sir William Brereton; and for Part of the Scotts Forces lying at
Leedes, and One Thousand of the Yorkesheir Horse,
at Bramham Moore, on Monday last; which was yielded
unto; and our Horse drawn from their more Southerly Quarters, in Hope that it would engage the
Advance of the Scotts Army from thence towards
the South, according to the Order of both Houses,
and the Committee of both Kingdoms, and our
earnest Solicitation in that Behalf; yet, much contrary to our Expectations and Desires, the Scotts Forces
from Bramham Moore that Night drew Northwards,
towards the rest of their Body at Rippon; and upon
Wednesday last raised their whole Army from Rippon,
and are marched Northwards, and intend all their
Forces to pass over Stayne Moore, into Westmerland,
and so into Lancasheir, as we perceive by a Letter
this Day from my Lord of Leven: Now, my Lord,
we desire you may understand that, by this Retreat
of theirs, this Country is left in worse Condition by
many Degrees than when they came up hither; for,
by the excessive Burthens imposed by them, the
People are generally exasperated, and the Yorksheir
Forces, for Want of Pay and Provisions (anticipated
by the Scotts Army), much broken, weakened, and
discouraged, and the home-bred Enemy here much
increased in Number and Strength; and now, by
their withdrawing their Forces from hence, the whole
Country, and all Passages into it, exposed to any
Attempt of the Enemy; so that, if the King should
bend His Force this Way, here is no competent
Force to oppose Him, nor can possibly be raised,
until some Refreshment of the Country, and Means
raised, to arm and encourage our Men that have been
upon perpetual Duty and Service all the Year without any Intermission; and therefore we humbly desire
that the Condition of these Parts, and the great Concernments thereupon depending, may be taken into
speedy and serious Consideration, and that the Armies
and Forces now on Foot in other more Southerly
Places may be so ordered and disposed, to attend the
King's Motions, as that He may not be able to enter
this County, in which He will not only shut up our
Forces in Garrisons, but also so increase His Power,
as will be formidable to the whole Kingdom; which
we desire your Lordship will be pleased to make
known to the House. And we remain,
"Your Lordship's most humble Servants,
York, 23 May, 1645.
"Fer. Fairefax. Fran. Peirrepont.
"Wm. Constable. J. Darley."
Letter from the Scots Commissioners, about their Army marching by Westmorland into Lancashire.
"For the Right Honnorable the Lord Grey of
Warke, Speaker of the House of Peers.
"Understandinge that greate Notice is taken of the
marching of the Scottish Army by Westm'land into
Lancasheir; wee thought fitt to desire you would bee
pleased to represent to the Honnorable Houses (to
whome wee desire in all Things to give Sattisfaction),
that wee have not bin yet acquainted with the Reasons
and Grounds upon which they have taken this Resolution, further then the Intelligence they have had
from Sir William Brereton, of the King's goeing into
Lancasheir, and sendinge a flying Army into Scotland:
But wee are dispatchinge On speedily to the Army;
and are very confident that they will retourne such
an Answere, as may make it appeare that they have
taken the best and most probable Course for opposeing the Enemy: In the meane Tyme, wee desire the
Honnorable Houses, in their Wisdome, at such a
Distance, to judge of this their doeing according to
their former Proceedings, till they heare from themselves; at which Tyme wee doubt not but it will bee
made evident, that they had the Service of the
Publique, and the common Good of both Kingdomes,
before their Eyes. Wee are
"Your Lordship's humble Servants,
Worcester House, 27 of May, 1645.
Examinations concerning General Crawford's Complaint against Man a Constable, and Moore, for abusing him, and refusing to release his Servant.
"Monday, 26th of May, 1645.
William Apleton, sworn, saith,
"That, on Wednesday the 21th of this Instant, he
being present, when Major General Crawford desired
that his Servant, who was prest by the Constable
Man, might be released, heard the said Constable
Man refuse to deliver him; saying, "He should not
have his Servant." The Major General desiring still
in a fair Way that his Servant might be delivered;
the said Constable Man called for Help against the
Scotts Rogues; and he further uttered, "That he
hoped to see those Scotts beggarly Rogues return to
their beggarly Nation from whence they came; and
he wished that God might confound them, their whole
Army, and their Nation, like a Company of beggarly
"He further saith, That he heard Moore say, "That
he hoped to have his Hand in the hanging of them,
and the best of their Army;" and he saw him punch
"Monday, 26th of May, 1645.
"Stephen Smith, sworn, faith,
"That on Wednesday the 21th of this Instant, that
he, being prest by the said Constable Man, heard
the said Constable Man, after that Major General
Crawford demanded to have him released, and that
the said Constable had denied to release him, the said
Constable and James Moore uttered these Words,
"That he hoped to see him and all the rest of his
Nation to go out like beggarly Rogues as they came
in." And when his Master, Major General Crawford,
returned back, the Constable and the said Moore
whooted at him.
"Monday, 26th of May, 1645.
"Lieutenant Colonel Hamilton, sworn, faith,
"That he, on Wednesday the 21th of this Instant,
being present when Major General Crawford went
to Man the Constable, to demand his Servant whom
he had pressed, the said Man answered Major General Crawford, "That he should not have his Man
released:" Soon after, Major General Crawford departing from the said Man, he uttered these Words;
(videlicet) "God confound you beggarly Scotts Rogues
and all your Nation ! and God confound your Armies;
for they came Beggars in hither, and we hope to see
them go Beggars out again!" He reiterated these
Words, or Words to the same Purpose, divers Times.
After this, he laid hold on Captain Merridith, and
disarmed him; and he and one Moore, with others,
kicked and punched the said Captain Merridith divers
Times, and also committed him to Custody, and put
him amongst the other prest Men.
"He further saith, That he heard one Moore, who
was then assistant to this Constable Man, utter these
Words, "God confound you, ye Scotts Dogs, and
all your Kingdom; for it was a beggarly Kingdom
ever since it was one! and God confound your
Armies; for they came beggarly hither, and we hope
to see them go begging home again! And this he
reiterated, with the like and other Words to the
same Purpose, with a great deal of Eagerness and
Bitterness; and he saw him likewise punch Captain
"Monday, 26th of May, 1645.
John Crawford, sworn, saith,
"That, on Wednesday the 21th Instant, he heard One
who assisted the Constable, whose Name, as he is
informed, is James Moore, utter these Words, "You
may thank God that ever you knew these Wars of
England; for you were begging of your Bread when
you came, and you will beg when you are gone:"
And then he, and the Constable Man, uttered these
Words, "That they were all Beggars; and God
confound the Scotts Nation, Army and all!" And
these Words were spoken in a bitter Manner; the
Constable Man with a drawn Sword in his Hand,
and the other a Cudgel in his Hand.
House adjourned till 9a cras.