DIE Lunæ, 28 die Julii.
PRAYERS, by Mr. Spurstoe.
Ds. Grey de Warke, Speaker.
L. Viscount Say & Seale.
Answer from the H. C.
Mr. Serjeant Fynch and Mr. Page returned this
Answer from the House of Commons to the Message
on Saturday last:
That they will send an Answer to the Message concerning adding some Lords to the Committee for the
Revenue; and to the Ordinance concerning adding the
Lords to be of the Committee for ordering the War
in the Northern Association.
A Letter was read, as follows:
Letter from the Scots Commissioners, with a Complaint from the Earl of Leven, &c. that their Army is not supplied with Victuals, &c. on their March.
"The Comittee of both Kingdomes not sitting this
Morning, we intreate your Lordship to procure the
reading of the inclosed in the House of Peeres; and
afterwards to send it to the House of Commons.
Affectionate Freinds and Servants,
Derby House, 28 July, 1645.
"For the Right Honorable the Speaker of
the House of Peeres."
Next, a Copy of the Letter from the Earl of Leven
and Committee of Estates with the Scottish Army, to the
Scotts Commissioners, was read; shewing, "That the
Committees do not provide them Victuals nor Draughts
for their Army, &c." Divers others Letters were
also read. (Here enter them.)
Message to the H. C. for an Enquiry to be made into the Cause of it.
A Message was sent to the House of Commons, by
Dr. Aylett and Dr. Heath:
To deliver the Letters now received from the Scotts
Commissioners, and desire that Care may be taken,
that the Scotch Army may be better provided with
Victuals and other Provisions for the future; and that
the Business may be enquired into, why they have not
Message from thence, with an Order, &c.
A Message was brought from the House of Commons, by Sir Rob't Pye Knight:
To desire their Lordships Concurrence in an Order
for paying One Hundred Pounds to Mr. Peters, out of
Haberdashers Hall. (Here enter it.)
2. To desire Expedition to the adding of the Names
to the Committees in the Eastern Association.
and that they agree to the Instructions for the Commissioners going to Scotland.
3. To let their Lordships know, that the House of
Commons have agreed to the Instructions to be given
to the Commissioners that go to the Parliament of Scotland, with the Alterations sent down from this House
at the last Conference. (Here enter them.)
The Answer returned was:
That this House agrees to give One Hundred Pounds
to Mr. Peters; concerning the adding Names to the
Committees of the associated Counties, their Lordships
will send an Answer by Messengers of their own.
Impeachment against the E. of Stamford & al.
Ordered, That the Business of the Earl of Stamford and others shall be heard on the First Friday after
Lords Leave to be absent.
Ordered, That the Earl of Northumb. Earl of Essex, Earl of Pembrooke, and the Lord Robertes, have
Leave to be absent, for some little Time, from their Attendance on this House.
Petition of Sutton's Hospital.
Upon the reading of the Petition of the Poor of Sutton's Hospitall: It is Ordered, to be recommended to
the House of Commons.
Election of Elders.
Ordered, That the Business concerning the Election
of Elders shall be taken into Consideration To-morrow
Message from the H. C. with an Ordinance.
A Message was brought from the House of Commons, by Sir Henry Mildmay Knight, &c.
To desire Concurrence in an Ordinance [ (fn. *) for taking]
of Accompts in the Northern Counties.
The Answer returned was:
That this House will send an Answer by Messengers
of their own.
Dunmow Bowling Alley not to be put down.
The House was informed, "That the Committee of
Essex do go about to put down a Bowling Alley of
his Lordship's in Essex, at Dunmowe:"
It is (fn. †) Ordered, That an Order of this House be
sent to the said Committee, not to put it down.
Ly. Tracy's Order for coming to London revoked.
The House was informed, by a Letter from the Committee of Gloucester, "That since the Lady Tracy had
an Order of this House to come up to London, but
since hath been in the King's Quarters at Worcester,
and did likewise give Information to the Enemy at
Evesham, that Colonel Massie had an Intent to storm it:"
Upon this, the House Ordered, That the said Order for her coming up to London is hereby revoked
Order for 100l to Mr. Peters.
"Ordered, by the Lords and Commons in Parliament, That One Hundred Pounds shall be bestowed
upon Mr. Peters; and that the said Hundred
Pounds be forthwith advanced and paid by the Committee of Lords and Commons for Advance of Monies
at Habberdashers Hall."
Letter complaining of the Hardships that the Scots Army suffers, for Want of Provisions and Draughts on their March;
"Upon Thursday the 17th of this Instant, the Army
marched from Droitwich to Bewdly, where they were
forced to stay upon Sonday all Day, for Want of Provisions to the Souldiers, and Draughts for the Cannon
and Ammunition: It had bin the much neerer Way
and that Cannon Frome is taken.
to have gone by Upton; but the Committee of Worcester made us beleeve that Bridge could not bee
easily repaired, perswaded us to come this Way to
ease their owne Quarters, and made many faire Promises for Assistance; but, though they have continued with the Army a Fortnight, they have never
provided One Draught; but, on the contrary, such
as they imployed to that Purpose did take Money
from the Country People, to free them from sending
their Teemes, as was declared before the Generall in
Presence of that Committee, when the Country
People were demaunded the Reason of their refuseing
to furnish Draughts to the Army. Upon Saterday
the Army marched to Temberry, and stayed there on
Sonday, beinge advertised that the Enemy was aboute
Bi'pps Froome. Towards Night, the Earle of Callender, (fn. *) Lieutenant Generall Leseley, and Major Generall Middleton went out, with a Party of 4500
Horse, Foote, and Dragoones; they marched all that
Night, and Monday all Day, in Pursuite after them; but
the Enemy still retreated before them. Upon Tuesday, they came to Cannon Froome, by which they
intended only to have passed; but the Earle of Calender, haveinge viewed the Place upon all Quarters,
sent Summons to the Governor, Colonell Barnold, to
surrender it, for the Use of the Kinge and Parliament. He retourned a verball Answere, by my
Lord's owne Drummer, "That the Commaund of
it was intrusted to him by His Majesty, and that he
would keepe it for His Use as long as he had a
Dropp of Blood in his Body." Calender sent backe
the Drummer, and desired he would retourne his Answere in Writinge, which he did accordingly, the Coppy
whereof is here inclosed. After Receipt of his Letter, the Leiuetenant Generall haveinge caused provide
such Necessaryes as could bee had in soe short a Tyme,
gave Order for storming the Place. The Graffes
were aboute Nyne Foote deepe, and as broad, and in
most Places full of Water. The Works above the
Graffes were soe high, that all the Ladders wee could
gett were too short. The Enemy behaved themselves
valorously; but it pleased the Lord to give our
Souldiers soe much Courage, that, after a hott Dispute,
they were beate from their Works; after which,
they fled to the House, where they fought desperatly, till a greate Part of them were killed. Woe
lost aboute 16, and 24 are wounded. Of the Enemy,
wee killed aboute 70; Colonell Barnold deadly wounded; Captaine Briscoe, Captaine Houke, and Thirty
others, taken Prisoners. The Generall and Committee
hath written, to knowe the Parliament's Pleasure, for
a Governor and Garrison to put in it; and, till Order
bee taken for that Purpose, have put into it 120
Foote, and 20 Horse. The Place hath bin very
hurtfull to the Country, and may bee of good Use now
for their Preservation. The Enemy holted aboute
Rosse, to which Place our Party is marched after them;
but they are now further retreated to Monmouth.
The Army is now advanced from Bradyeard and
Luddberry with much Difficulty; the Wayes are exceedinge straite and hard to passe on this Side Severne, soe that the Army is not able to march above
Eight Miles a Day, though they begin to march at
the Sun-riseinge, and continue till 10 at Night; and
the Carriadges are soe long in provideinge, that they
are forced to drive all Night. The Country is unwillinge to afford us any Thinge, and the Committees
give us noe Assistance. When the Generall had sent
Letters to the Committee of Gloucester, for Provisions
and Accommodations to the Army; they wrote backe
that they had presumed soe much upon his Excellencye's Patience, as to send to the Committee of both
Kingdomes, to desire some other Course might bee
taken for their Accommodation, as if his Excellencye's Patience could have sattisfyed the hungry Bellyes
of soe many Thousand Souldiers: At this Instant, they
have had noe Meate for Two Dayes together; and,
if their Patience were not extraordinary, it were impossible to gett them kept in a Body; and I am very
much troubled to consider what Way they shall bee
provided, when they advance further into these
Welch harrased Countyes, after an Enemy that spoyles
and wasts all where they come. When the Parliament's Commissioners shall come hither, I hope
they will represent the Necessityes of this Army, their
Willingnes and Readines to doe Service, and the Oppertunityes that are lost for Want of necessary Meanes
of Subsistance; and then I doubt not but Care shall
bee taken for their Maintenance, if there bee a reall
Desire that their Endeavors should bee effectuall, and
of Advantage to the Kingdome.
"The Governor of Hereford sent Yesterday a Letter
to the Generall, with other Two Letters from Sir
William Fleming, one to his Excellency, and the
other to the L. Generall the Earle of Calender;
which, with the Answers, were sent to bee communicated to the Parliament. I have sent you the Copies here inclosed; and remaine
"Your Lordship's most humble Servaunt."
Ludbury, the 23 Julii, 1645.
Col. Barnold's Letter to the E. of Calendar, refusing to surrender Cannon Frome.
"You demand this House, for the Use of the
King and Parliament. My Commission is by the King
alone; and, if I may see a Command under HisMajesty's Hand, I shall with all Willingness obey it.
Until then, I cannot give that Account as is expected from me; nor will I resign it upon any other
Conditions, so long as I shall have Life. Only I rest,
"Your Servant, John Barnold.
Cannon Froome, 22 July, 1645.
"For the Lord Calendar."
Letters between the Governor of Hereford, Sir W. Fleming, the E. of Leven, and the E. of Calendar, about Sir W. Fleming's Desire of speaking with the Two Earls.
"I am required, by my old Friend Sir William
Fleming, to send my Trumpeter, with these open
Letters, desiring a safe Conduct to your Lordship;
the which I could not deny, not doubting of his safe
Return to me. So I remain
"Your Lordship's humble Servant,
"For his Excellency the General
of the Scottish Army."
"I received, by your Trumpeter, a Letter from your
selfe, and annother from Sir William Fleminge, desireing a safe Conduct to this Army, which I could not
graunt, as I have shewed to himselfe; and with the
Answers of both retourne your Trumpeter, remayninge
"Youre loveinge Freind,
Ludbery, 23 July, 1645.
"Being very desirous to speak with my Uncle the
Earl of Calender about some private Business of mine
own, and conceiving also that I may be able to say
somewhat to your Lordship worth your Consideration,
in relation to the Public Good; I shall esteem myself obliged, if your Lordship please to favour me
with a safe Conduct to wait upon you; resting,
"My Lord, Your Lordship's humble Servant,
Hereford, the 21th July, 1645.
"For his Excellency the
"Earl of Leven."
"I received your Letter, wherein you desire a safe
Conduct, to speake with the Earle of Calendor aboute
some private Busines of your owne, and with myselfe aboute the Publique. Whereto I retourne this
Answere: That, upon good Considerations, I cannott yeild to your Desires; nor doe I thinke it fittinge,
that you, or any of your Party, should repaire to this
Army, to speake with myselfe or any else here,
aboute the Busines of the Publique; wherein if you
have any Thinge to say worthy the Consideration,
you may followe the straite and publique Way, applying yourselfe to the Parliaments or Committees of
both Kingdomes; and not make your Addresse to me,
who am not to speake or heare any Thinge of Publique Concernment, but what shal bee recommended
to me by them. I shall adde nothinge; but remaine
"Your loveinge Freind,
Ludberry, 23 July, 1645.
"Having the Honour of so near Relation to your
Lordship; and being persuaded that, over and above
some private Business of mine own, I can impart
somewhat to your Lordship, which, if timously considered, might very much conduce jointly to the Good
of my Country, the King's Service, and the Honour
of our Nation: I have obtained Permission to come
over and speak with your Lordship, if you shall be
pleased to procure me a safe Conduct, wherein you
shall much oblige,
Hereford 22th July, 1645.
"Your Lordship's humble Servant,
"For the Right Honourable the
Earl of Calender."
"I received yours; and shall bee ever willinge to
wittnesse my Interest to you, wherein I can bee
steadeable, in your owne particuler and private Busines; but, for these Matters of Publique Concernment which you would comunicate to me, though
your Affection and Judgment in these Affaires hath
not hitherto beene such as I would have desired, yet
if now God hath given you better Thoughts towards the Good of His Cause, and the Peace of
these Kingdomes, and that you doe really apply
yourselfe that Way, I wish your Discretion had carryed you to have made your Addresse to those to whome
Matters of that Kinde doe belong, namely, to the
Parliaments of both Kingdomes, or their Committees, who will bee very willinge to heare of you
what may tend to the Glory of God, Honnor of
the Kinge, and Peace of the Kingdomes; all which,
I am confident, are the Desires of honest Men; soe
of none more then
"Your loveinge Uncle,
Ludbury, 23 Julii, 1645.
"For his loveinge Nephew Sir
"An Ordinance of Parliament, to the present
Commissioners, to treat and conclude with the
Parliament of Scotland, or the Commissioners
of Estates of Scotland, according to such Instructions as shall be given them from both
Houses of the Parliament of England.
Instructions for the Commissioners going to Scotland.
"1. You shall forthwith repair into the Kingdom
of Scotland; and you shall make your Addresses to
the Parliament there, or any deputed by them, as
shall have Power and Authority to treat with you,
upon such Matters as you have received, or shall
receive in Charge; and to negociate in that Kingdom, as Committees or Commissioners of and from
the Parliament of England; and, having performed
the Things wherewith you are intrusted, you are
to return and repair to the Parliament of England,
to render an Account of your Employment.
"2. You are to let them know the Two Houses
good Acceptance of that Brotherly Assistance they
have received from that Kingdom, and return them
"3. You are to let them know, that a good and
mutual Correspondency between the Two Kingdoms,
united in this great Cause by Solemn League and
Covenant, is very earnestly desired by both Houses;
and you are, to that Purpose, to use your best Endeavours for the continuing thereof, and to give the
best Satisfaction you can in all Things that may seem
to have given any Occasion of Difference, and to
desire the like from them.
"4. To acquaint them with the great Streights we
are in, for Want of Money; and that whatsoever
Payments from hence have not been made in Pursuance of the Treaty, it hath not proceeded from
any Want of Affection, or Want of Intention to
make good our Engagements.
"5. You shall propose, that the Works about Carlile may be slighted, and the Place dismantled; and
that the Scottish Garrison now in Carlile, put in
there without the Consent of the Parliament of
England, be forthwith removed; in Pursuance of the
large Treaty of both Kingdoms.
"6. You shall demand the several Garrisons in
Workeworth Castle, Tynmouth Castle, Newcastle upon
Tyne, Hartpoole, Stockdon Castle, and Thurlewall
Castle, may be removed; being placed there without the Consent of both Houses of the Parliament
of England, or their Committees.
"7. You shall insist upon it, that all Protections
already given to the Persons, Goods, or Estates, of
any Delinquents, without the Consent of the Parliament of England, or their Commissioners, be limited
to their just Intentions, which is only for restraining
of the Soldiers from all Acts of Violence against the
Persons so protected, and not extended to the Prejudice of any Ordinance of Parliament, or Order
of both or either House of Parliament; and that no
Protections be granted, or Capitulations made, without the Consent of the Parliament of England, or
their Committees; and that, if any Protections have
or shall be granted or made otherwise, that they
shall be held void and null.
"8. That a Commission be granted, under the Great
Seal, as in 1641, for the taking and adjusting the
Accompts of Yorkesheir, of the City and County of
the City of Yorke, Northumberland, the Borough of
Berwick upon Tweede, Cumberland, Westmerland, the
County of Durham, and County of Newcastle, between the Scotts Army and the said several Counties,
arising either by Assessments, Free Quarter, Billeting,
or any other Way you shall offer, to the Parliament
of Scotland, or their Committees, that they may
send some Commissioners, if they please, to be present at the adjusting of the Accompts in the several
"9. You shall take Care that all the Articles of
the several Treaties between the Two Kingdoms be
observed and kept.
"10. You shall represent to the Parliament of
Scotland, or their Committees or Commissioners in
that Behalf, all Oppressions, Wrongs, and Injuries,
offered contrary to the said Articles; and desire such
Remedy as to Justice shall appertain."
Ordinance for the Commissioners to go to Scotland.
"An Ordinance of the Lords and Commons in Parliament, for the nominating, appointing, and
authorizing, John Earl of Rutland, Phillipp
Lord Wharton, Sir Henry Vane Knight, Sir
William Armyne Baronet, Thomas Hatcher Esquire, and Robert Goodwin Esquire, to be
Committees and Commissioners of both Houses,
to be sent to the Kingdom of Scotland, to treat
and conclude divers Matters, concerning the
Safety and Peace of both Kingdoms.
"It is Ordained, by the Lords and Commons in
Parliament, That John Earl of Rutland, Phillip Lord
Wharton, Sir Henry Vane Knight, Sir William Armyn
Baronet, Thomas Hatcher Esquire, and Robert Goodwin Esquire, be authorized and appointed Committees and Commissioners, of and from both Houses of
Parliament, to repair into the Kingdom of Scotland;
and there they, or any Three of them, to treat,
negociate, contract, conclude, and agree, with the
States of that Kingdom, and all others thereunto
authorized, of all such Matters, concerning the Good
of both Kingdoms, as shall be committed and referred
to them by the said Lords and Commons, according
to such Instructions as are herewithall delivered to
them, and such other Instructions as they shall from
Time to Time receive from both Houses of Parliament; and for their so doing, they shall be warranted, justified, secured, and saved harmless, by the
Authority and Power of both Houses of Parliament."