Folios xii - xx
1358

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Centre for Metropolitan History

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Author

Reginald R. Sharpe (editor)

Year published

1907

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1-9

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'Folios xii - xx: 1358', Calendar of letter-books of the city of London: H: 1375-1399 (1907), pp. 1-9. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=33456 Date accessed: 31 October 2014.


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Folio xii - xx. (fn. 1)

Pleas at Westminster before Robert de Thorpe and his fellow-justices of the King's Bench, Michaelmas Term, 32 Edward III. [A. D. 1358]: Edmund Fitz Johan attached to answer John Malewayne on a charge of having forcibly abducted in the Ward of Langeborne, in the parish of Fanchirche, with the assistance of Robert Martell, an orphan, viz., Nicholas, son of John de Mokkynge, (fn. 2) late fishmonger, from the custody of John Malewayne, whose daughter the said Nicholas had married, and to whom the guardianship of the said Nicholas had been committed by the Mayor, Aldermen, and Chamberlain, according to the custom of the City, during minority.

The said Edmund appears, denies the custom, and says that at the time of the alleged abduction the said Nicholas was more than sixteen years of age and was married.

A day given, &c., the said Edmund being mainprised by William Tank, Clement Brykenham, John Hamelyn, and John Tyrell.

[Folios xii b blank.].

Folio xiii.

Scriptum Joh'is Watlyngtone de quodam gardino etc. per co'itatem.

Lease by William Waleworth, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and Commonalty to John Watlyngton, "Serjeant," of a garden in Tower Ward, near "Londonwal," formerly held by John Scot, and situate between the gardens held by Geoffrey Puppe and William Lambourne; to hold the same for a term of thirty years, at an annual rent of 10s. Dated Monday after the Feast of the Nativity of St. John Bapt. [24 June], 49 Edward III [A. D. 1375] (fn. 3) .

Scriptum ejusdem Joh'is ae quadam mansione supra portam Crepulgate etc.

Grant by the same to John Watlyngton, Serjeant Common Crier (fn. 4) (serjaunt communis proclamator), of a mansion over the gate of Crepulgate, with stable, &c, to hold the same for life. Dated Monday after the Feast of St. Michael [29 Sept], 49 Edward III. [A. D. 1375]. (fn. 5)

Concessio posterne facta Joh'i Cobbe s'vienti Cam'e ad t' minum vite etc.

Grant by the same to John Cobbe, Serjeant of the Chamber, of the houses, &c., at the postern near the Tower, with the custody of the gate thereof, to hold the same for life. Dated Monday after the Feast of St. Michael [29 Sept.], 49 Edward III. [A. D. 1375].

Folio xiii b.

Concessio unius stalle mobilis sub porta de Ludgate.

Lease by the same to Robert de Lenne, "juweler," and Johanna his wife of a movable stall beneath the gate of Ludgate for a term of ten years, at an annual rent of 40s. Dated at the Guildhall, the last day of March, 49 Edward III. [A.D. 1375]. (fn. 6)

Folio xiv.

The amount which each Ward in London ought to pay for a fifteenth, as entered in the King's Exchequer, (fn. 7) viz.—

Tower, £45 10s.; Billyngesgate, £31 10s.; Bridge, £49 10s.; Dougate, £34 10s.; Walbrook, £39; Candelwykstret, £16; Langebourne, £20 10s.; Lymstret, 40s.; Algate, 100s.; Portsokne, £9; Bisshopesgate, £21 10s.; Cornhulle, £16; Bradestret, £25; Vintry, £35 10s.; Quenhithe, £20; Castle Baynard, £12; Chepe, £72; Cordewanerstret, £72; Bredstret, £35 10s.; Farndone Within, £53 6s. 8d.; Farndone Without, £34 10s.; Aldrichesgate, £7; Crepulgate Within, £39 10s.; Crepulgate Without, £10; Bassyeshawe, £7; Colmanstrete, £19.

Total, £732 6s. 8d.

Folio xiv b-xvi.

A proclamation made temp. John Warde, Mayor, Wednesday after the Feast of St. Martin [11 Nov.], 49 Edward III. [A. D. 1375], for the preservation of the peace and regulation of divers trades, cleansing of streets, fixing the price of poultry, &c. (fn. 8)

Folio xvi.

A proclamation made temp. Adam Stable, Mayor,...... 50 Edward III., prescribing the duties of brokers, forbidding forestalling, prescribing the price to be charged for ale, hay, and corn, and forbidding hostelers to bake bread in their houses for man or beast, (fn. 9) &c.

Folio xvi b.

Test'm Joh'is Reyner.

Extract from the will of John Reyner, dated 25 July, 49 Edward III. [A. D. 1375]. Bequests of money to John, son of John "Brian," his godson (filiolo meo), to Johanna, daughter of the same, and to Margaret his servant. To the said Margaret and to Alice his daughter divers household goods. Also to the said Alice the sum of 100 marks in trust for her marriage, and 10 marks for her apprenticeship if need be. To William and Thomas, sons of the above John "Bryan," fishmonger, 100s. respectively.

M d de £ccxl tem in manib' Cam' ar' ad opus pueror' Rogen Longe.

A recognizance entered into by Thomas Medelane, "vyneter," William Sharpynge, and John Tilneye, executors of Roger Longe, late vintner, on the 23rd January, 49 Edward III. [A. D. 1375-6], for the payment of a sum of money to John Warde, the Mayor, and William Eynsham, the Chamberlain, in trust for the children of the said Roger, cancelled and the executors discharged.

Afterwards divers sums of money were delivered to the above Thomas Medelane, to Gilbert Bonet, vintner, and to the above William Sharpynge in trust for John, Thomas, and William, sons of the above Roger, (fn. 10) as appears infra, fo. xl [b].

Folio xvii.

Q'd hoi'es armati et sagittar' retenti se trahant d' nis suis ad proficiscend'.

Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs to make proclamation for all men-at-arms, armed men, and archers in the retinue of lords and magnates to proceed to the coast by Wednesday next at the latest, under penalty of imprisonment. Witness the King at Westminster, 22 Jan., 48 Edward III. [A. D. 1374-5].

Proclamation made accordingly on Thursday the Feast of the Conversion of St. Paul [25 Jan.], 49 Edward III. [A. D. 1374-5].

Qi q' troew faucon ou laner ou laneret le porte a visc' du counte.

Another proclamation made the same day touching the observance of an ordinance made by Parliament (fn. 11) to the effect that whoever should find a falcon, "terselette," "lamer" [sic] or "lanerette," (fn. 12) "austoure," (fn. 13) or other falcon which had lost its master, should report the matter to the Sheriff of the county, who should thereupon make proclamation in all the towns that he had such a bird in his keeping, so that the owner might recover it on payment of costs, on pain of the finder who shall act otherwise being treated as a thief who carries away a horse or other thing.

Br'e pro Coronatore.

Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs to admit Henry "de Mortone," whom William Strete, the King's Butler and ex officio Coroner in the City, had appointed to be his deputy. Witness the King at Westminster, 24 Sept., 49 Edward III. [A. D. 1375].

Thereupon the said Henry "Mordone" was sworn into office in the Chamber of the Guildhall before the said Mayor and Sheriffs.

Folio xvii b.

Br'e de lib' tate Ep'i Decam et capituli London allowand.

Tuesday after the Feast of Conversion of St. Paul [25 Jan.], 49 Edward III. [A. D. 1374-5], Thomas Algode, junior, of Storteford, brought a writ forbidding Sheriffs, Mayors, Bailiffs, &c., to exact toll from the Bishop of London and the Dean and Chapter of St. Paul's, dated 1 July, 41 Edward III. [A. D. 1367], and he complained that the City's Bailiffs had exacted toll from him and other tenants of the said Bishop contrary to the aforesaid liberties. Thereupon precept was issued to the Sheriffs to restore all distresses so taken.

Compotus Will'i Stodeye de bonis Ric'i fil' Joh'is Brillesworth.

Monday after the Feast of Conversion of St. Paul [25 Jan.], 49 Edward III. [A. D. 1374-5], account rendered before John Torngold and John Aubrey, Aldermen, and William Neuport, Commoner, by William de Stodeye, "vynter," of money and goods which he had received on the 2nd August, 45 Edward III. [A. D. 1371], with the guardianship of Richard, son of John Briklesworth, as appears in Letter-Book G, fo. cclxxvii [b].

Folio xviii.

Custodia Cecilie fil' Will'i Waryn webbe.

8 Feb., 49 Edward III. [A. D. 1374-5], the guardianship of Cecilia, daughter of William Waryn, "webbe," (fn. 14) aged seven years, committed by William Walworth, Mayor, and William Eynesham, Chamberlain, to Peter Spersholte, fuller, and Johanna his wife, mother of the said Cecilia, together with the sum of 7 marks, originally left by her father to William Beltone, "webbe," in trust for the said Cecilia.

M d de denar' lib' Camerar' legat' fil' Thome Slynnere.

12 Feb., 49 Edward III. [A. D. 1374-5], came Custance, late wife of Thomas Skynnere, and delivered to William Eynesham, Chamberlain of the Guildhall, the sum of £15 in trust for Alice, Cecilia, and Johanna, daughters of the said Thomas, during their minority.

Exoneracio quinque marcar' inde.

Afterwards, viz., on the 28th September, 2 Richard II [A. D. 1378], by order of Nicholas Brembre, the Mayor, the sum of 5 marks out of the portion belonging to the above Alice was paid by Robert Hugefeld, goldsmith, who had married the above Custance, to William Lambourne and Beatrice his wife, to whom the said Alice had been bound as apprentice.

The discharge of the said Alice for her portion appears infra, fo. cxc [b].

Br'e pro Epo Wynton' de libertate allo cand'.

Writ to Sheriffs, Mayors, Bailiffs, &c., that they allow William de Wykeham, Bishop of Winchester, and all the men and tenants of the fees of the said Bishop, and all their goods, to be quit of toll, &c. Witness the King at Westminster, 1 Sept., 44 Edward III. [A. D. 1370].

Folio xviii b.

Hadele Aldr'us Turr'.

Tuesday after the Feast of St. Gregory [12 March], 49 Edward III. [A. D. 1374-5], John Hadele elected Alderman of Tower Ward loco Richard de Croydone, deceased.

Peticio de Bowiers eis concessa.

Monday after the Feast of St. Matthias [24 Feb.], 49 Edward III. [A. D. 1374-5], petition to the Mayor and Aldermen by good men of the mistery of Bowyers for the enrolment, among other articles of the mistery, of one forbidding the sending of new bows to Cornhulle for sale, under certain penalties. Their prayer granted.

All the Masters of the above mistery having agreed to the said article except William Gildenmelle, "bowyer," the said William was summoned by John Strecche, Serjeant of the Chamber, before the Mayor and Aldermen, on Monday the Feast of St. Gregory [12 March], but made default.

Carnific' jurati.

Richard Stonham, Henry Asselyn, Elias de Westone, John Tykhill, elected Masters of the mistery of "Bochers" at the Shambles of St. Nicholas, and sworn to rule the said mistery, &c.

Bartone ex on' at' de Inquisic'.

Monday before the Feast of St. Ambrose [4 April], 49 Edward III. [A. D. 1375], John de Bartone, of Billyngesgate, discharged from serving on juries, &c., owing to increasing age.

Coggere exon at'.

Wednesday after the above Feast Roger Coggere, of Byllyngesgate, similarly discharged for like cause.

Obligac' lib at' per Cam'ar' Joh'i Phelipot.

11 April, 49 Edward III. [A. D. 1375], William Eynesham, the Chamberlain, by order of the Mayor and Recorder, delivered to John Philipot, Roger Shipbrok, and John Horn a certain box containing bonds which the said John, Roger, and John, together with John Wrooth and Walter Doget, on the 26th July, 48 Edward III. [A. D. 1374], had delivered to John Cantebrigge, the late Chamberlain, to safeguard.

Folio xix.

Custod' Ric'i fil' Ric'i Russel.

Friday after the Feast of St. Ambrose [4 April], 49 Edward III. [A. D. 1375], the guardianship of the body of Richard, son of Richard Russell, "paternostrer," transferred by order of William Walworth, the Mayor, and William Eynesham, the Chamberlain, from John Leycestre, a Changer in the Tower of London (to whom it had been committed, as recorded in LetterBook G, fo. cccxix), to Thomas Norreys to be taught the art of "paternostrer," the orphan's property being placed in the custody of the Chamberlain.

Afterwards, viz., on the 4th July and on the 8th Oct. following, certain household goods, &c., were delivered by the said Chamberlain to the orphan.

Folio xix b.

Exoneracio Aldr'i de Chepe et eleccio ejus demin Alderm' de Lymstret.

Tuesday after the Feast of St. Dunstan [19 May], 49 Edward III. [A. D. 1375], William Haldene, Alderman of the Ward of Chepe, prayed to be discharged of his Aldermanry, and surrendered it into the hands of William Walworth, the Mayor. Thereupon the said Mayor discharged the said William Haldene, who was immediately elected Alderman of the Ward of Lymstrete, and was admitted and sworn.

Exoneracio Aldr'i de Col manstrete.

Friday after the Feast of St. Dunstan [19 May], the year aforesaid, Adam Stable, Alderman of the Ward of Colmanstrete, prayed to be discharged of his Aldermanry, and surrendered it into the hands of the aforesaid Mayor. Thereupon the said Mayor discharged the said Adam, who was immediately elected Alderman of the Ward of Chepe, and was admitted and sworn.

Br'e de mun dacione cujusd' vici juxta Fratres Carmelit'.

Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs, on a complaint made by the Prior and Brethren of the Order of St. Mary of Mount Carmel (fn. 15) and the Commons of Fletestrete, that they cause a certain lane near the house of the said Prior to be cleared of filth that had been allowed to accumulate there, and keep the gate at the entrance to the lane locked at night, to prevent such an accumulation in future. Witness the King at Westminster, 20 May, 49 Edward III. [A. D. 1375].

Twiford Aldr'us Col manstret.

Tuesday after the Feast of the Nativity of St. John Bapt. [24 June], 49 Edward III. [A. D. 1375], Nicholas de Twyford elected Alderman of the Ward of Colmanstrete, and presented to the Mayor, admitted, and sworn.

Proclamacio treugarum inter Reges Angl' et Franc'.

Writ to the Sheriffs to make proclamation of a truce entered into between England and France (the terms of the truce being enclosed (fn. 16) ) to last until sunrise of the 30th June, A. D. 1376. Witness the King at Westminster, 13 July, 49 Edward III. [A. D. 1375].

Proclamation made accordingly, 18 July.

Folio xx.

Deliberacio £xxv per preceptum Maioris fact' Margerie fil' Will'i Credil.

19 July, 49 Edward III. [A. D. 1375], William Eynesham, the Chamberlain of the Guildhall, by order of the Mayor and Recorder, delivered to Margery, daughter of William Credil, the sum of £25 which Thomas atte Nokette, administrator of the goods of the said William Credil, lately had in his custody, the said Margery being now of full age.

Custodia fil Ric'i Aslote.

21 July, 49 Edward III. [A. D. 1375], the guardianship of John, Richard, and Alice, children of Richard de Askote, late "plomer," (fn. 17) committed by William Waleworth, the Mayor, and William Eynesham, the Chamberlain, to Lucy, late wife of the said Richard and their mother Sureties, viz., William Dykeneswell, "plomer," and John Croydone, goldsmith.

Eleccio co is derici.

Wednesday before the Feast of St. Laurence [10 Aug.], 49 Edward III. [A. D. 1375], Henry Perot elected Common Clerk of the City by William Waleworth, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and Commonalty, and sworn.

Arbitrium Ep'i Roff' int' exec' Jacobi Andren et Joh'em Dony.

ijs. vjd.

Acquittance by John Dony, (fn. 18) mercer, and Katherine his wife, natural and legitimate daughter (filia naturalis et legitima (fn. 19) ) of James Andreu, draper, for the sum of 850 marks received from John Vyne, Andrew Vyne, and William Vyne, executors of the said James, pursuant to an award made by Thomas [de Brinton], Bishop of Rochester. Dated the eve of the Assumption B. M. [15 Aug.], 49 Edward III. [A. D. 1375].

Folio xx b.

Northamptone Aldrus de Cordewanere stret.

Monday after the Feast of Assumption B. M. [15 Aug.], 49 Edward III. [A. D. 1375], John Northamptone elected Alderman of the Ward of Cordewanerestrete, and presented to the Mayor, admitted, and sworn.

Quedam in dentura int buscar London et Joh'em Baddeby.

Indenture between certain Woodmongers of London and John Baddeby de Tappleawe, co Bucks, who owned a "loke" on the Thames called "Baddebyesloke," whereby the said John disclaimed any right to take toll of vessels passing through his "loke." Dated 28 June, 49 Edward III. [A. D. 1375].

Janitores portar' jur' ad bene custod' quod leprosi non intrent civitatem.

Monday after the Feast of St. Bartholomew [24 Aug.], 49 Edward III. [A. D. 1375], William Averhurst, "barbir," gatekeeper of Algate, William Taunton, gate-keeper of Bisshopesgate, John Spencer, gate-keeper of Crepulgate, Peter Warewyk, gate-keeper of Aldrichesgate, John Quenewelle, gate-keeper of Neugate, Hugh Amerose, gate-keeper of Ludgate, John Bowyere, gate-keeper of the Bridge, John Gardyner, gatekeeper of the Postern, sworn before the Mayor to safeguard their several gates and not allow lepers to enter the City. (fn. 21) .

William Cook, "forman" at "le loke," (fn. 22) and William Walssheman, "forman" at Hakeneye, sworn to prevent lepers from entering the City.

Footnotes

1 Some of the earlier folios appear to be missing. The preceding folio is marked xi, but is blank.
2 His will proved and enrolled in the Husting in December, 1347. 'Cal. of Wills,' i. 499.
3 'Memorials,' p. 382.
4 Otherwise known as Common Serjeant of Arms. 'Liber Albus' (Rolls Series), i. 49.
5 'Memorials,' p. 387.
6 Id., p. 382.
7 Against the schedule here set out there is entered the amount assessed for a fifteenth in 1374, as recorded in Letter Book G, fo. cccxxii (see 'Calendar,' pp. 328-9), when the total amounted to £745 12s.
8 Partly set out in 'Memorials,' pp. 388-90. It was customary for a Mayor to issue a general proclamation of this kind soon after entering upon his year of office.
9 "Horse bread, which by public enactment was ordered to be made of beans and pease, without any ad mixture, seems to have been prepared by bakers of household bread, the hostelers, in whose establishments it was extensively used, being forbidden to make it." 'Liber Albus,' Introd., p. lxxi.
10 From the will of Roger Longe, proved and enrolled in the Husting in January, 1376, it appears that John was an illegitimate son. 'Cal. of Wills,' ii. 185.
11 Cf. directions as to the course to be pursued by the finder of a stray hawk given in stat. 34 Edward III. cap. xxii. 'Statutes at Large' (ed. 1758), i. 318; Letter Book G, fo. xc b.
12 "Lanneret' is described in the 'New English Dictionary' as the male of the "lanner" or "lamer" (mis spelt here "lamer"), a species of hawk.
13 The editor of the 'Statutes at Large' omits to translate or explain this term. Can it be equivalent to Latin aucarius or ancipiter, English goshawk ?
14 Weaver.
15 The Carmelite or White Friars.
16 Printed in Rymer's 'Fœdera,' vol. iii. pt. ii. p. 1036.
17 Probably meaning feathermonger. Cf. John de Cestrehunte, called both "plumer" and "fethermongere." 'Cal. Letter Book A,' p. 66.
18 Possibly identical with John "Dovy," described in the will of John Malewayn, proved and enrolled in the Husting in 1361, as being a mercer whom the testator s daughter Margery was warned not to marry, on pain of losing a legacy of £200. 'Cal. of Wills,' ii. 38.
19 As to the disuse in modern times of the term "natural' with regard to legitimate children, see Notes and Queries, 2 April, 1870; 19 August 1871; 11 April, 1885, &c.
20 Their names set out in 'Memo rials,' p. 383.
21 'Memorials,' p. 384.
22 The Lock, a leper hospital in Kent Street, without Southwark Bar.