Folio lxi - lxx.
Commissio Maioris pro divers' portub' int' pontem London et Wolkaye mundand'.
Appointment by Nicholas Brembre, the Mayor, and the
Aldermen, of John Stokyngbury, John Bamptone, "waterbailly,"
Simon atte Bole, John Salpertone, and Ralph Evenynge to be
collectors of certain prescribed tolls on merchandise entering
any quay or port between London Bridge and the quay called
"Wolkaye," and to render account of the same to the Chamberlain, the said tolls to be applied to keeping clean the pavement, &c., within that district. Dated 10 May, 51 Edward III.
[A. D. 1377].
Janyn Frenss' acceptant' [sic] onus pistrine.
30 July, 1 Richard II. [A. D. 1377], came Janyn Frensshe,
baker, living with Johanna Burstalle, baker of France, and agreed
to keep his bakehouse in proper order, under penalty, &c.
The same day William Karlille and Thomas Tyrold elected
and sworn Masters of Botelmakers.
11 Aug., 1 Richard II. [A. D. 1377], John Kent, Richard
Trumpetone, Nicholas Castelle, and Simon Wermetone elected
and sworn Masters of Shethers.
Folio lxi b.
de xx marc' rec' de executorib' Joh'is Biernes.
Monday after the Feast of SS. Philip and James [1 May],
51 Edward III. [A. D. 1377], came John Dane and Richard
Odyham, executors of John Bernes (or Biernes), sometime
Mayor, (fn. 1) before Nicholas Brembre, Mayor, and the Aldermen,
and agreed to pay to William Eynesham, the Chamberlain, the
sum of 20 marks at which the said John Bernes had been
assessed towards a present to the King's illustrious son (fn. 2) and
which he had failed to pay. The said executors were at the
same time discharged from payment of the sum of £10 at
which the said John Bernes had been assessed during his
Mayoralty for divers City matters, and which he had not paid.
Ammocio Will'i Essex et alior'a communi consilio.
27 May, 51 Edward III. [A. D. 1377], at a Council attended by
Nicholas Brembre, the Mayor, William Cheyne, William
Baret, William Neuport, Adam Carlille, William Wodehous,
Edmund Olyver, Adam Lovekyn, Walter Sibyle, Robert Lucas,
John Southam, Roger Elys, Elias de Thorpe, John Horn,
Robert Boxford, Thomas Welford, John Mortone, Nicholas
Godessone, Thomas Noket, John Bryan, and William Kyng,
Aldermen, and good men from fifty-one misteries, evidence
was given to the effect that William Essex, draper, John More
and Richard Northbury, mercers, Robert Fraunceys, goldsmith,
and John Willarby, "taillour," had been in the habit of
betraying the secrets of the Council and been remiss in their
duties, and they were thereupon removed from the Council as
suspects. (fn. 3)
Commissio pro deliberacione de Neugate.
Letters patent appointing John de Cavendisshe, Robert Bealknappe, Nicholas Brembre, the Mayor, and William Cheyne,
or any three or two of them (the Mayor being one), to be
Commissioners for gaol-delivery of Neugate. Witness the King
at Westminster, 15 April, 51 Edward III. [A. D. 1377].
Ordinacio de Chesemong'.
The eve of Corpus Christi [28 May], 51 Edward III. [A. D. 1377],
certain ordinances of the "Chesemongers" of London approved
by the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty. (fn. 4)
Folio lxii b.
Afterwards, viz., on the 17th June, William Sparke and
Robert Whyte sworn to see that the above ordinances are
Ordinacio pro custodia civitat'.
Ordinances for safeguarding the City, (fn. 5) to the effect (inter alia)
that the gates of the City be fortified with portcullises and chained,
and have "barbykanes" in front; that the quays between the.
Folio lxiii b.
Tower and London Bridge be bretasched (bretassez), and the
keys of the City gates kept by two persons of the neighbourhood; that the Aldermen keep the names of hostelers in their
Wards, and cause each inhabitant to swear that he will be
ready with his harness (hernoys) to maintain the peace, if affray
arise; that all hostelers and those dwelling with them be taxed
according to their estate, except servants and apprentices, at the
discretion of the Aldermen; that special guard be kept at the
gates in view of the forthcoming expedition; that no one carry
any arms except a baselard by day, but a Knight to have his
sword borne after him, his page having a baselard, but not a
dagger; that each Alderman put his Ward into array under his
pennon, bearing his arms in relief, and lead his men whithersoever commanded for the defence of the City; that the
Alderman of Tower Ward take special precautions against an
attack by way of the Thames; that the Alderman of Candelwykstret guard the "Wolkey" and all the wharves up to the
wharf late belonging to Reynold Love; the Alderman of
Billyngesgate guard the said wharf of Reynold Love up to
Billingesgate; the Alderman of Walbroke keep guard between
Billingesgate and the Bridge; the Alderman of Bridge keep
guard of the Bridge and of the wharves as far as Ebbgate,
and have good ordnance (ordinance) on the bridge with stone
and "shot"; the Alderman of Douegate keep guard between
Ebbgate and Douegate; the Alderman of Vintry between
Douegate and Quenehithe; the Alderman of Quenehithe
between Quenehithe and Pouleswharf; the Alderman of
Baynard-castell guard Pouleswharf up to the water of the Flete
and thence to Ludgate; that the Alderman of Farndone keep
the gates of Ludgate and Neugate; the Alderman of Aldrichgate the gate and ditches between Neugate and Aldrichesgate and thence to the house of the lord Nevylle; that the
Alderman of Crepelgate guard the house of the lord Nevylle
as far as Crepelgate; the Aldermen of Bassynghawe and
Colmanstrete the ditches between Crepulgate and Bisshopesgate; the Aldermen of Bisshopesgate and Bradestret the gate
of Bisshopesgate and the walls as far as Algate; the Aldermen
of Algate Lymstret, and Langebourne the gate of Algate and
the walls up to the Postern; that the Aldermen of Chepe,
Cordewanerstret, Bredestret, and Cornhulle, with their pennons
and men in array, gather at the Standard in Chepe; and that
the Sheriffs have six Serjeants, well mounted and armed, to
report matters to the Mayor, &c.
Mandatum Maioris pro ho' ib' armand' et de araio fac' in Ward' London'.
Precept to the several Aldermen that they make a return of
all hostelers in their Ward, the number of men fully armed or
otherwise, the number of those who can provide themselves
with arms by the Feast of St. John Baptist [24 June]; also the
number of those who can pay a certain sum a week for the
City's protection and those who can give one day's labour in
three weeks for the same purpose, &c. [No date].
Another precept for putting the Wards in array and for
providing a sufficient number of shields (pavys) for those who act
as shield-bearers (pavisours), not being able to incur the charge
of other arms. The names of those capable of bearing arms to
be returned to the Guildhall by Monday after the Feast of
St. James [25 July].
[Folios lxiv blank].
Folio lxiv b.
Exon'acio custod' Thom' fil' Thom' Mockynge.
Account rendered by Thomas Moraunt, fishmonger, of the
property of Thomas, son of Thomas Mockynge, whose guardian
he had been appointed by John Pyel, late Mayor, and John de
Cantebrugge, the Chamberlain, as appears in Letter-Book G,
fo. ccci [b]. The said guardian and his sureties discharged.
Exon'acio custod' Agn' unius filiar' Edwardi Gosselyn.
22 Jan., 1 Richard II. [A. D. 1377-8], came Peter atte Hethe,
armourer, who married Agnes, daughter of Edward Gosselyn,
who had been placed under the guardianship of Robert Bathele
and Alice his wife, widow of the said Edward, as appears in
Letter-Book G, fo. ccxciv, and in the presence of Nicholas
Brembre, Mayor, and William Eynesham, the Chamberlain,
prayed that the sum of £50, belonging to the said Agnes, might
be delivered to him without any interest and without any
account being rendered by her late guardian. The said guardian and his sureties discharged.
Exon'acio custod' Edwardi et Isabelle fil' Edwardi Gosselyn.
Afterwards, viz., on the 28th Jan aforesaid, came John
Boseham, one of the sureties of the above Robert and Alice,
who had also been made guardians of Edward and Isabella,
other children of the above Edward Gosselyn, and prayed to be
discharged of his liabilities in this respect, especially as the said
children had died under age before being married or advanced,
in which case it was provided by the will of their father that
one moiety of their property should go to the aforesaid Alice
and the other be devoted to pious uses.
Judicium pillorii Roos.
John Roos, "esquier," attached to answer James de Pekham
on a plea of having conspired with a certain John Ormesby to
forge a bond whereby Lora, wife of the said James, appeared
to have acknowledged herself to have been in debt before her
marriage to the said John Roos in the sum of £1,200, by virtue
of which bond the said James had been arrested and sent to the
Compter in Milkstret. Thereupon the said John Roos acknowledged the conspiracy before Nicholas Brembre, the Mayor,
and the Aldermen in the Husting on the 19th Oct., 1 Richard II.
[A. D. 1377], and was committed to Neugate pending the production of the bond. Afterwards, viz., on the 27th October,
John Aubrey produced a bond, purporting to be the forged
bond, but the said John Roos said he was illiterate and could
not identify the document.
Thereupon a jury summoned, viz., Thomas Kyngesbrugge,
John Rygeslee, John Kanynges, Thomas Rodelond, William
Bumpsted, Nicholas Cosyn, John Gilemyn, William Randolf,
John Austyn, Simon Overtone, John Stapeleye, and Thomas
Botelestone, who find that the bond produced is the bond under
which the said James de Pekham was arrested. Judgment to
the effect that the said James recover damages, &c., and that the
said John be placed in the pillory. (fn. 6)
Folio lxv b.
Judicium collistr' pro Joh'e Grey.
29 May, 1 Richard II. [A. D. 1378], John Grey attached to
answer John Tilneye, "Paltok maker," in a plea of deception,
for that the said John Grey came to the house of the said John
Tilneye in Bukeleresbury on the previous day and bought two
"Paltockes" called "Jackes" of black "satyn" for 100s., and,
wishing to show one of them to a friend for whom he alleged
he had bought it, was allowed to take it away on his giving
sufficient security for payment. Thereupon the said John Grey
delivered to John Tilneye in part payment a gold "ferling," and
by way of security showed him 15 other gold "ferlings" which
he placed in a purse and deposited in a chest called "trussyngcoffre," and handed them to the said John Tilneye as he alleged
and as the said John Tilneye firmly believed, not suspecting any
fraud; but the said John Grey made away with the said purse
with the "ferlings" and substituted a similar purse with 15
counters, which he placed in the chest under a private key
which he took away with him. Later in the day, when the said
John Grey went to the house of the said John Tilneye and was
asked for further security for payment of the said "Jacke," the
said John Grey pretended, as before, to place 14 more "ferlings"
in the chest, but in reality placed only 14 counters. The said
John Grey acknowledged his guilt. Condemned to be put on
the pillory for an hour with the said purses and counters suspended from his neck. (fn. 7)
[Folios lxvi-lxvi b not recorded. Folios lxvii-lxvii b blank].
L'ra d'ni Reg' Ric'i pronavib' et batell' arrest and' ne excant Thamis'.
Be it remembered that Edward III, King of England, died
at Shene on Sunday before the Feast of Nativity of St. John
Bapt. [24 June], viz., 21 June, A. D. 1377, in the 51st year of his
reign, after whose death Richard, son of Edward Prince of
Wales, the King's first born, as kinsman and heir, ascended the
throne in the 11th year of his age and forthwith undertook the
government of the realm. And the said Richard sent letters
patent under his seal to the Mayor and Sheriffs to the effect
that they allow no individual or ship to leave the port of London
without permission of the King or his Council. Dated at
Kyngestone on Thames, 22 June, 1 Richard II. [A. D. 1377].
L'ra ejusd' Reg' de pace proclamand'.
The King sent also another letter to the same bidding them
make proclamation for keeping the peace. Dated at Kyngestone on Thames, 23 June, 1 Richard II. [A. D. 1377].
Br'e pro Coronatore.
Writ to the same that they assist Henry de Mortone in the
office of Coroner, he having been deputed to exercise the office
in place of the King's Butler, to whom the office of Coroner in
the City of London appertains. Dated at the King's Manor of
Kenyngtone, 25 June, 1 Richard II. [A. D. 1377].
L'ra quod moneta currat sicut solebat.
Writ to the Sheriffs of London and Middlesex to make proclamation for the present coinage to continue currency. Dated
at the King's Manor of Kenyngtone, 24 June, 1 Richard II.
[A. D. 1377].
Folio lxviii b.
Proclamation for preserving the peace published on Sunday
before the Feast of St. John [24 June], 1 Richard II. [A. D. 1377].
Bill' missa mag'ris Arm urar' quod vend' mercandisa sua ad r'onabil' precium.
Precept sent to Simon Wynchecombe, John Scorfeyn, John
Game, and other Masters of the mistery of Armourers, bidding
them cause the men of their mistery to sell harness and armour
at a reasonable price to all liege men who desire to purchase
Proclamacio pro coro nacione.
Friday after the Feast of Nativity of St. John Bapt. [24 June],
1 Richard II. [A. D. 1377], proclamation made to the effect that
the King's coronation would take place on the morrow of the
Feast of the Translation of St. "Swythoun" [15 July], being
Mag'ri Cellar' jur'.
9 July, 1 Richard II. [A. D. 1377], Richard Stacy, Thomas
Soysse, Robert Forster, and William Sherewode elected and
sworn Masters of the Saddlers.
Writ to the Sheriffs to make proclamation of the day fixed
for the King's coronation, and to see that those who had a
claim to take part in the ceremony were invited. (fn. 8) Witness the
King at Kenyngton, 26 June, 1 Richard II. [A. D. 1377].
Proclamation made accordingly on Tuesday the Feast of
Translation of St. Thomas the Martyr [7 July].
Proclamacio ne quis portat aliqua tempore coronacionis arma.
Order for proclamation to be made forbidding the carrying
of arms on the day of the coronation, the day before, and the
day after; and enjoining courteous treatment of all strangers,
except the King's enemies, attending the ceremony, &c.
Folio lxix b.
De orphanis Ric'i Scut.
25 Nov., 18 Richard II. [A. D. 1394], came Thomas, son of
Richard "Scutt," and prayed the Mayor and Aldermen that
whereas the said Richard had bequeathed to Gregory his son
£100, to the said Thomas £50, and to Johanna his daughter £50,
with cross-remainders, and in case of the death of all three
children, a further remainder as to one moiety to Cassandra his
wife and the other to pious uses; and whereas the said Gregory
had died; and whereas the guardianship of the said Thomas
and Johanna and of their property had been committed by
Nicholas Brembre, Mayor, and William Eynesham, the Chamberlain, to John Walcote, at the request of William Somerwell,
who married the aforesaid Cassandra, on the 18th July,
1 Richard II. [A. D. 1377]; (fn. 9) and whereas the said Johanna was
married to James Cokkes and had died under age, so that the
sum of £200 aforesaid had accrued to the said Thomas—may
they be pleased to cause the said money to be delivered to him,
as he was now of full age. Thereupon the said John Walcote
and James Cokkes summoned to appear on various days. The
former appears, the latter makes default. The money delivered
up to petitioner by John Walcote.
De custumis ferie de Smythfeld.
Precept to John de Watlyngtone, the Common Serjeant, to
cause the Prior of St. Bartholomew de Smythfeld to attend in
the Chamber of the Guildhall on Thursday before the Feast of
St. Bartholomew [24 Aug.], 1 Richard II. [A. D. 1377], to show
by what authority he takes divers customs at Smythefeld on
the City's soil on the day of his Fair held on the eve of the
Feast of St. Bartholomew, on the Feast itself, and following
day. Thereupon the Prior appeared and proffered a charter
granted by King Henry I. to the Prior of St. Bartholomew
touching the Fair aforesaid, but the charter made no mention
of pickage (pykagium), nor did he produce any other evidence
in favour of his claim to take pickage anywhere. Precept was
therefore issued to the said John de Watlyngtone for him to
levy pickage on all who opened the City's ground at Smythfeld
at the time of the Fair and to answer for the same to the
Commonalty. As to other customs levied on merchants trading
at the Fair, it was agreed between the Mayor and Commonalty
and the said Prior that they should be collected by the aforesaid
John de Watlyngtone and the Prior's bailiff, and a return made
of the amount received.
[Folios lxx b blank.]