Folios cxci - cc
June 1385 -

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Centre for Metropolitan History

Publication

Author

Reginald R. Sharpe (editor)

Year published

1907

Pages

266-285

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'Folios cxci - cc: June 1385 -', Calendar of letter-books of the city of London: H: 1375-1399 (1907), pp. 266-285. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=33474 Date accessed: 01 August 2014.


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Folio cxci - cc.

Judicium carbonum.

22 June, 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1385], Roger Aleyn de Bisshophatfeld convicted before Sir Nicholas Brembre, the Mayor, Sir William Walworthe, and John Fresshe and Nicholas Extone, the Sheriffs, Adam de St. Ive, William Staundone, John Hende, and John Rote, Aldermen, in the Hall of the Guildhall, for bringing to the City sacks of coal containing only 7 bushels instead of 8 Condemned to stand in the pillory, the sacks to be burnt under him and the coal confiscated.

Solucio £xxx pertinent' filiab' Joh'is Heylesdone.

Saturday the Feast of Nativity St. John Bapt. [24 June], 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1385], Robert Haringeye, mercer, paid to Richard Odiham, the Chamberlain, the sum of £30 for the use of Alice and Margaret, daughters of John Heylesdone, (fn. 1) which sum was afterwards committed in trust to John Chircheman, Alderman, Edmund Olyver being his surety.

Afterwards, viz., on the 27th Nov., 16 Richard II. [A.D. 1392], came John Gournay, who had married the above Alice, before William Staundone, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, and acknowledged that he had received the said Alice's portion of patrimony, and also the sum of £100 which was due to her on the death of her sister Margaret.

Recepcio c s' pertinent' Will'o et Thome filior' Will'i Wircestre.

27 June, 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1385], Emma, the widow and executrix of William Wircestre, paid to Richard Odyham, the Chamberlain, the sum of 100s. in trust for William and Thomas, sons of the said William.

Afterwards, viz., on the 22nd Feb., 21 Richard II. [A.D. 1397-8], came the above William, the son, and received the whole of the above sum, his brother Thomas being dead.

Folio cxci b.

L'rad' ni Regis patens pro se curitate quinq' mill' librar' d'no Regi per civitatem mutuatar.

Letters patent acknowledging a loan by the Mayor and Commonalty of £5,000 to the King, the same to be repaid by Easter next, on the security of any grant that may be made by Parliament affecting the City and county of Middlesex, as well as the subsidy on wool, leather, &c., in the Port of London (except the sum of 20 shillings on every sack received for the defence of Caleys), and the deposit with the Mayor and Commonalty of a Royal Crown in a box sealed with the seals of Michael de la Pole, the Chancellor, Hugh Segrave, the Treasurer, and Master Walter Skirlawe, (fn. 2) Keeper of the Privy Seal. Dated at Westminster, 26 June, 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1385].

Folio cxcii.

Indentur' int' Maiorem et co'itatem London' et Hug' Segrave thes'.

Indenture between Hugh "de" Segrave, the King's Treasurer, on the one part, and the Mayor and Commonalty on the other part, witnessing the pledging of a Royal Crown with the City as security for the repayment of the above loan of £5,000 Dated at Westminster, 26 June, 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1385].

Br'e directum collectorib' cus tumar' in portu civitatis London'.

Writ to the collectors of customs and subsidies in the Port of London to deliver the customs and subsidies on wool, leather, &c., to the Mayor and Commonalty (except as before excepted) for the repayment of the above loan. Witness the King at Westminster, 26 June, 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1385].

Folio cxcii b.

Br' e pro delib' actone corone regalis.

Writ of Privy Seal to the Mayor and Commonalty bidding them deliver to John [Fordham], Bishop of Durham, the King's Treasurer, the Royal Crown that had been pledged with them as security for the repayment of a loan of £5,000, the said loan having been now repaid. Dated at Westminster, I June, 10 Richard II. [A.D. 1387]. (fn. 3)

Indentur' pro eadem corona.

Indenture witnessing the delivery of the above Crown to the Bishop of Durham by Richard Odyham, the Chamberlain of the Guildhall, pursuant to writ of the 1st June last. Dated 2 Aug., 10 Richard II. [A.D. 1386].

L'ra de codem.

Deed under the Common Seal of the City acknowledging the repayment of the above loan of £5,000. Dated 2 Aug., 10 Richard II. [A.D. 1386].

Folio cxciii.

Grant by Clement Lavender, fishmonger, to William Creswyk and Alice his wife of an annuity charged on his shop in Oldefisshestrete in the parish of St. Nicholas del Coldabbeye, formerly belonging to Matilda, wife of William Strokelady, late fishmonger. Dated 1 June, 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1386].

Be it remembered that on the 8th July, 10 Richard II. [A.D. 1386], the above Clement came into the Chamber of the Guildhall and delivered to William Cheyne, the Recorder, the above deed to be enrolled, Henry Perot and Thomas Miles being present, and the said Clement being examined and acknowledging the deed; but inasmuch as there was not an Alderman present, the deed remained in the custody of Henry Perot, the Common Clerk, until an Alderman should come to examine the said Clement, and was not enrolled in the Husting owing to his death. After consultation, therefore, it was agreed by Sir Nicholas Brembre, the Mayor, the Recorder, and the Aldermen that the deed should be entered in this book.

Folio cxciii b.

Commissio pro gaola de Neugate de liberanda.

Letters patent appointing Robert Tresilian, Robert Bealknape, Nicholas Brembre, the Mayor, William Cheyne, and William Rykylle, or any four, three, or two of them (the Mayor being one), to be Justices for gaol-delivery of Neugate. Witness the King at Westminster, 1 July, 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1385].

Proclamacioun fait des gentz darmes et archers et qe nul franc de la Cite soi absente hors dicele etc.

A proclamation made to the effect that those able and willing to go to the sea-coast in defence of the realm and the City should come to the Guildhall to the Mayor and Chamberlain and receive their pay, viz., 12 pence a day for men-at-arms properly arrayed and 6 pence for archers; that no freeman leave the City without special permission, and that those freemen then absent should return within eight days; that no armourer, bowyer, or "fleccher" enhance the price of his wares in consequence of this proclamation; that those men-at-arms and archers who were able, but not willing, to go should be arrested as traitors to the King and the City; that no foreigner of any nation whatsoever carry knife, baselard, sword, or any arms, and that no one wander about the City after 9 o'clock. Those who were to go on the expedition were to be ready to join Robert Knolles, their leader, by Saturday next for the neighbourhood of Sandwich. [No date.]

Ordinacio facta per Wardas pro duab quinte decimis et xijd de qualibet libra reddit' extrancor' et vjd. de qualibet libraredd' libe ror' in dicta civitate le vand' pro salva custodia ejus dem.

Whereas Nicholas Brembre, the Mayor, and the Aldermen had heard from William Beauchamp, Captain of Calays, and others, that a great number of ships of France and Flanders were being prepared for a descent on England, the said Mayor and Aldermen, in the absence of the King on the borders of Scotland, caused good men of each Ward to meet in the Council Chamber of the Guildhall on the 18th July, 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1385], to take steps for safeguarding the realm. For this purpose there were elected the following, viz.:—

Algate (6): Richard Morelle, John Cobeham, James Fether, Roger Crede, John Devenyshe, and Thomas atte Nasp.

Bradestret (6): William Wodehous, Adam Karlille, Benedict Cornwaille, John Clenant, Richard Willesdone, Thomas Bartone.

Bridge (6): John Pountfreit, John Wappelode, John Mockynge, John Sandhurst, John Burwelle, William Rothewelle.

Queenhithe (6): Richard Sprot, John Trig, John Chipstede, Thomas Frankelein, John Waryner, William Wynter.

Walbroke (6): William Olyver, William Horscroft, Roger Abbot, Elys de Thorpe, Thomas Weylond, John Basse.

Bredestret (6): William Shiringham, Thomas Rolf, Henry Mordone, John Ragenelle, Michael Cornwaille, John Silvertone.

Tower (6): John Norwyche, Thomas Alleye, Thomas Evesham, Thomas Garnet, Richard Loseye, William Permay.

Portsokne (4): William Dawe, William Burford, Thomas Clerk, John Haverhille.

Farndone Within (4): Thomas Davy, Nicholas Rote, Elias de Westone, John Wilby.

Farndone Without (4): William Sauvage, John Walworth, John Stauntone, Master Richard Asshewell.

Folio cxciv.

Chepe (6): Geoffrey Crymelford, William Rule, Thomas Vyvent, Thomas Makwilliam, John Frankelein, John Wight.

Cornhill (6): John Langhorn, John Chaundeler, Thomas Leuesham, Richard Manhale, John Muster, John Claverynge.

Aldrichesgate (6): Thomas Reynham, John Somerville, Thomas Extone, John Bathe, John Lesne, William Clophille.

Douegate (6): Edmund Olyver, William Wottone, Laurence Wight, Ralph Lubenham, John Wiltshire, Thomas Wight.

Bassieshawe (3): William Hawe, John Bokelsmythe, Peter Morys.

Colemanstret (6): John Estone, Robert Somersete, Richard Whityngtone, Thomas Bigood, Robert Havelok, Thomas Chapman.

Lymstret (2): Richard Gregory, John Conesburgh.

Bisshopesgate (6): Nicholas Symcok, Stephen Sewale, Richard Tettesforde, Adam Fermer, Peter Torold, "Godefrey" Cost.

Candelwykstret (6): John Grantham, John Olneye, John Brownesbury, John Campioun, John Pope, William Spaldyng.

Castelbaynard (6): John Redynge, John Vautot, John Assherst, William Shrympelmersshe, John Boun, Robert Halom.

Langebourne (6): Richard Bengeo, Thomas Bonaunter, John Dyk, Laurence Joynour, Robert Honyford, William Rook.

Billyngesgate (6): William Ancroft, Gilbert Manfeld (Maufeld ?), Thomas Girdelere, John Wade, John Beaufront, William Reynwelle.

Cordewanerstret (6): John Bradfeld, Robert Dane, Geoffrey Walderne, William Pountfreit, Thomas Bridlyngtone, Richard Hatfeld.

Vintry (6): Matthew Passelewe, John Edrop, Thomas Lyncoln, John Wydemere, Thomas Goodsire, Thomas Glemesforde.

Crepulgate (9): Adam Bamme, John Furneux, John Loveye, Robert Asshcombe, William Evote, John Hore, John Forster, John Ottele, and Gilbert Prince.

The above Mayor, Aldermen, and good folks so elected met in the said Chamber, and after due deliberation it was agreed that there should be levied with all speed in the City and suburbs a sum amounting to two fifteenths, the same to be raised by an impost on victuals and merchandise as of old accustomed, an impost of 12 pence in the pound of rent belonging to those who do not share the City's charges and 6 pence in the pound in the case of freemen. This decision was thereupon announced to all the other good folk who were present, and they signified their assent.

On the morrow the said Mayor, Aldermen, and Commons again assembled in the Chamber aforesaid, when it was agreed that John Shadworth and Thomas Welforde, Aldermen, should receive and expend the money so levied, and that Geoffrey Crymelford should be Comptroller over them.

Bille inde misse cuilibet Aldermanno.

Precept sent to each Alderman in accordance with the above resolution.

Folio cxciv b.

Judicium collistrigii pro una muliere quia co'is meretrix et pronuba.

27 July, 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1385], Elizabeth, wife of Henry Moryng, charged before Nicholas Brembre, Knt., the Mayor, the Aldermen, and Sheriffs with being a common procuress. She says she is not guilty, and puts herself on the country. The jurors, viz., Robert Tawyere, Henry Porter, John Tybaud, Richard Marchal, William Eteclowe, Richard Peryman, Robert Bryan, William Marwe, John Burgeys, Stephen Baroun, Richard Maynolf, William Forster, and John Sudbury, find her guilty, and she is condemned to stand on "le thewe" on Cornhill for an hour and afterwards to forswear the City. (fn. 4)

Judicium col listr' pro falsis cordis arcuis.

3 Aug., 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1385], Alan Birchore, "strengere," residing near "Turhill," confessed to selling false bowstrings. Condemned to stand on the pillory on Cornhill, the strings to be burnt beneath him.

Folio cxcv.

Proclamacioun qe nul luyto soit ne nul jew entreludie nautre jewee tanq' etc nc qe nulle femme ne enfant passent lour mesouns en temps de escry.

12 Aug., 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1385], proclamation made by the Mayor and Aldermen forbidding any wrestling matches within seven miles of the City, either privily or openly, and also the performance of the play that customarily took place at Skynnereswelle (fn. 5) or any other such play, until further news arrived of the King's exploit. (fn. 6) If, moreover, any scare should arise of the approach of the enemy, all women and children are to keep indoors, and only men-at-arms and archers to go forth to meet them.

Admissio Petri Gracian in abrocarium et juratus.

16 Sept., 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1385], Peter Gracian, "Lumbard," admitted to the office of broker before Nicholas Brembre, Mayor, and the Aldermen, and sworn, &c.

Eleccio vico comitum.

Thursday the Feast of St. Matthew [21 Sept.], 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1385], in the presence of Nicholas Brembre, Knt., Mayor, William Cheyne, the Recorder, John Hadle, John Organ, William More, John Fraunceys, Henry Vannere, William Staundone, John Boseham, Hugh Fastolf, Thomas Welford, Adam St. Ive, John Rote, Simon Wynchecombe, John Hende, and Roger Elys, Aldermen, and John Fresshe and Nicholas Extone, Aldermen and Sheriffs, and many Commoners summoned for the election of Sheriffs at the Guildhall, John Organ was elected Sheriff by the Mayor and John Chircheman by the Commonalty.

Afterwards, viz., on Thursday the eve of St. Michael [29 Sept.], they were sworn at the Guildhall, and on the morrow were presented and accepted before the Barons of the Exchequer.

Auditores electi pro compoto Cam'arii et pont' London' audiend'.

On the same Thursday, the Feast of St. Matthew [21 Sept.], William Tonge and Thomas Welford, Aldermen, and Thomas Rolf, Geoffrey Crymelford, Thomas Girdelere, and John Pountfreit, Commoners, were elected auditors of the accounts of the Chamberlain and the Wardens of London Bridge.

Br'e pro parliamento.

Writ to the Sheriffs for the election of four citizens to attend a Parliament to be held at Westminster on Friday after the Feast of St. Luke [18 Oct.] (fn. 7) to consider the state and defence of the realm. No Sheriff to be returned. Witness the King at Westminster, 3 Sept., 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1385].

Pursuant to the above writ there were elected John Hadle and Nicholas Extone, Aldermen; William Ancroft and Henry Herbury, Commoners.

Folio cxcv b.

Masters of Misteries sworn.

Cutlers: Martin Godard, Robert Austyn, Richard Dyne, Thomas Kirtone, Masters of the Cutlers, sworn the 20th Sept., 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1385], to rule their mistery and present defects to the Mayor and Aldermen.

Tapicers: Thomas Bonauntre, John Dyke, William atte Lathe, John Ricolf, sworn the 3rd Oct. the same year.

Flecchers: Nicholas Bonet, William Jerberge, sworn the 3rd Nov. the same year.

Cordwainers: Walter Gyngevere, Nicholas Bosebury, Costantyn Mildenale, Nicholas Losey, sworn the 6th Nov. the same year.

Pynners: John Rede, John Chapman, sworn the 7th Nov., the same year.

Haberdasshers: Roger Crane, "Sayeure" Neuman, John Fairauntre, John Pountfret, sworn the 8th Nov. the same year.

Girdlers: William Waleys, William Dawe, Ralph Fyfide, sworn the 19th Oct. the same year.

Bochers: Henry Pynot, John Turnour, John Hunte, John Dureme, Masters of the "Bochers" of St. "Nicholflesshameles," sworn the 17th Nov. the same year.

Weavers of Flanders: John Van Severne, of Flanders, Reginald Ralos, of Brabant, sworn the 20th Nov. the same year.

Weavers of England: John Wenne, John de Thorp, sworn the 21st Nov. the same year.

Fullers: Peter Sperholt, John Mordone, Geoffrey Bristowe, Thomas Hardynge, sworn the 11th Dec. the same year.

Shethers: Thomas Rose, William Man, John Kent, sworn the 15th Jan., 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1385-6].

Sporiers: John Frenshe residing on the Bridge, Nicholas Symond [residing on] Fletebrugge, sworn the 17th Jan. the same year.

Masouns: John Clifford, Thomas Mallynge, Simon atte Hoke, John Westcote, Henry Wylot, sworn the 13th Aug., 10 Richard II. [A.D. 1386].

Folio cxcvi.

Qe nul viegne al eleccioun de Meir sil ne soit somons ne face congregacioun etc en destour bance de la pes.

Proclamation forbidding any one attending elections of Mayors and Sheriffs unless specially summoned, and the causing of assemblies to meet which may lead to disturbance. [No date].

Br'e pro pace ne quis h'eai glad' portat post se.

Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs to make proclamation against the holding of conventicles, and the carrying of swords except by Knights, who were to content themselves with one sword only. Witness the King at Westminster, 18 Oct., 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1385].

Proclam' de victualib' et vendicione piscis.

Be it remembered that on Monday after the Feast of St. Luke [18 Oct.], 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1385], proclamation was made of certain ordinances touching the sale of poultry, hay, oats, ale, fish, and other victual, similar to those recorded supra, fo. clxxxiv [fos. clxxxiii b-clxxxiv b], except that whereas it had been formerly declared that no one should buy fresh fish, either of the sea or fresh water, from any stranger to sell again raw (crue) before 10 o'clock—it is now declared that no one shall buy such fish of a stranger to sell again raw before 12 o'clock, and it is further declared that if any one has a grievance owing to these ordinances, he is to submit it to the Alderman of his Ward, and failing the Alderman, to the Mayor, and justice shall be done.

Eleccio Joh'is in servient' pro vicis et canell' supervidendis.

26 Oct., 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1385], John ...... elected Serjeant to survey streets and lanes and see them kept free from rubbish, fining delinquents 2s. for the use of the Chamber, and fining any one found placing rubbish, &c., before his neighbour's door 4s. for the use of the same.

Ric'us Stowe serjaunt juratus.

28 Oct., the same year, Richard Stowe elected Serjeant of the Chamber and sworn, &c.

Folio cxcvi b.

Custodia Ric'i filii Joh' Noke orphani.

8 Nov., 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1385], the guardianship of Richard, son of John Noke, "pulter," aged 9½ years, together with a sum of £20 bequeathed to him by his father, committed by Nicholas Brembre, Knt. [Mayor], and Richard Odyham, the Chamberlain, to John "Lene," "skynnere" Sureties, viz., William Wiltshyre, "skynnere," Richard Arderne, "skynnere," and Edward Wodertone, "taillour."

Afterwards, viz., on the 8th June, 19 Richard II. [A.D. 1396], came the above orphan and claimed his patrimony, when it was found that neither the above John "Leve" nor Edward Wodertone, one of his sureties, had any possessions in the City to satisfy the orphan. Thereupon precept to John Parker, one of the Serjeants of the Chamber, to distrain the executors of William Wiltshire and Richard Arderne, with the result that Thomas and Ralph Wiltshire, executors of William Wiltshire, paid £10 into Court, and Alice, widow and executrix of Richard Arderne, another £10. And because it was found that the executors of the said William had no more than £10 in hand to administer, the said Alice came and rendered account before William Bramptone and William Reynewelle, Aldermen, and John Oteleye and Thomas Extone, Commoners, as auditors, in the presence of Stephen Speleman, the Chamberlain, and paid the arrears due for mesne profits.

Exon'acio.

Afterwards, viz., on the 9th May, 20 Richard II. [A.D. 1397], came the above orphan, who was now of full age, and acknowledged satisfaction.

Eleccio Maioris.

Friday the Feast of the Translation of St. Edward [13 Oct.], 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1385], in the presence of Nicholas Brembre, Knt., Mayor, William Walworthe, Knt., William Cheyne, the Recorder, John Hadle, John Boseham, Hugh Fastolf, Nicholas Extone, John Fresshe, John Rote, Adam de St. Ive, John Hende, Simon Wynchecombe, Robert Warbultone, Richard Prestone, Henry Vannere, Thomas Welford, William More, John Fraunceys, John Shadworth, Roger Elys, and William Staundone, Aldermen, and John Orgon and John Chircheman, Sheriffs, and an immense Commonalty, summoned for the election of a Mayor for the year ensuing, Nicholas Brembre was elected Mayor.

Afterwards, viz., on the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.], he was sworn at the Guildhall, and on the morrow was presented, admitted, and sworn before the Barons of the Exchequer.

Br'e pro gaola de Neugate deliber anda.

Letters patent appointing Robert Tresilian, Robert Bealknape, Nicholas Brembre, the Mayor, William Cheyne, and William Rikhille, or any four, three, or two of them (the Mayor being one), to be Justices for gaol-delivery of Neugate. Witness the King at Westminster, 12 Nov., 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1385].

Folio cxcvii.

Bille pro vi giliis faciend'.

Precept to the Aldermen for keeping the Christmas watch in their several Wards, and bidding them hold a Wardmote before the Feast of the Epiphany [6 Jan.], so as to make presentment in writing of defects found in their Wards to the Court of the Mayor (ala court de Maire) on Monday after the said Feast. (fn. 8) [No date.]

Confirmacio co'is consilii per Wardas.

Be it remembered that at the Common Council held on Friday before the Feast of the Purification [2 Feb.], 7 Richard II. [A.D. 1383-4], an ordinance was made to the effect that the Common Council should be made (serioit fait) by men of the Wards instead of its being holden (tenuz) by men of the misteries as recently ordained, as more fully appears supra, fo. clxxiii, and now at a Common Council holden on Wednesday the Feast of St. Lucia (fn. 9) [13 Dec. ?], 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1385], forasmuch as the said ordinance for holding the said Common Council by men of the Wards has been found on trial to be convenient and advantageous, it is affirmed to continue for ever. (fn. 10)

Quod nullus sit Maior nisi prius vicecomes existat.

Also it is ordained and agreed that thenceforth there shall be no Mayor in the City unless he shall have previously been Sheriff, so that he may be tried as to his governance and bounty before he attain to the estate of Mayoralty.

Concessio facta Joh'i Starlyng de la posterne apud le tour.

Also, whereas a grant has formerly been made in Common Council to John Starlyng, Serjeant, of the keepership of the postern with houses adjoining for the term of his life, at an annual rent of 40 pence, he keeping the same in repair, it is now granted that he hold the same on the same terms, but without paying any rent, and the Commonalty is to be at liberty to recover possession in times of danger.

Combustio recium.

18 Jan., 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1385-6], John Salesburi, keeper of the water of the Thames, brought before Nicholas Brembre, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, certain nets called "treinkes" taken in the river, and belonging to William Daniel of Hamme, John Pyge of the same, and John Doo of Berkyng; also certain nets called "Peteresnettes" (fn. 11) belonging to John Weymaker of Fulham and William Elyot of Batricheseye, (fn. 12) which he declared to be of too small a mesh. The nets examined by Elias Braybroke, Clement Lavender, John York, and John Nettere, fishmongers, and found to be false They were therefore condemned to be burnt.

Joh'es Maylyn et alii jur' q'd non utentur rec' nec al' ingen' in distr' pisc' voc' fry.

The same day John Maykyn of "Kynggesheue" (Kynggeshene ?), John Longe of "Kentone" on Thames, and Richard Clerk of Waltone on Thames, were mainprised by Walter Sampsone, Richard Lucas, and Thomas Belchambre, not to use unlawful nets to the destruction of small fish called "fry."

Folio cxcvii b.

Liter a d'ni Regis patens pro una quinta decima et me dietate unius xv' levand'.

Letters patent appointing Simon Wynchecombe, Adam St. Ive, William Neuport, and John Walcote to be collectors of the fifteenth and half a fifteenth granted to the King by the Parliament which sat at Westminster on Friday after the Feast of St. Luke [18 Oct.] (fn. 13) last for the defence of the realm. Witness the King at Westminster, 6 Dec., 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1385].

Consimile bille misse fuer' cuil't aldr'o pro una xv a et medietate uni' xv e levand'.

Precept to the Aldermen that they levy the above fifteenth and half a fifteenth in their respective Wards, and bring the money of the fifteenth to the Guildhall by the eve of the Purification [2 Feb.], and that of the half fifteenth by the eve of Pentecost [10 June] next. Dated 19 Jan. [A.D. 1385-6].

Wul's atte Lee chaundeler exon'at' de assisis.

Monday the Feast of St. Gregory [12 March], 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1385-6], William atte Lee, chaundeler, discharged by the Mayor and Aldermen from serving on assizes, juries, &c., owing to increasing old age.

Folio cxcviii.

L'ra d'ni Regis patens q'd Cristin' Kel mare sit liber homo.

Letters patent declaring Cristin Kelmare, who had been expelled from the Society of the Hanse of Almaine on a charge of having paid the King a larger custom on merchandise than was right, and had been admitted to the freedom of the City, to be a free subject of the King as if born within the realm. Witness the King at Shene, 20 Jan., 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1385-6].

Judicium de recib' combu rendis.

2 March, 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1385-6], John Salesbury, Serjeant Surveyor of the water of the Thames, brought 22 "burrokes" placed in the river to the east of London Bridge, wherein had been caught divers fry of "roches," "floundres," "dars," 'lamprons," and other fish of no value, contrary to the City's ordinance Two of the "burrokes" belonged to John Godersone, and the rest to persons unknown. The said fry being examined by the Mayor and Aldermen, as well as by fishmongers, were declared useless and to have been taken by the said "burrokes" to the destruction of the river-fish. The said "burrokes" were therefore condemned to be burnt, &c. (fn. 14)

Solucio xx marc' pro or ph' Joh'is Triple.

20 March, 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1385-6], came John Baud, chaplain, and paid to Richard Odiham, the Chamberlain, the sum of 20 marks in trust for Alice, daughter of John Triple, whom Henry Mordone, fishmonger, had married.

Exon'acio.

Afterwards, viz., on the 5th Oct., 10 Richard II. [A.D. 1386], the said Chamberlain delivered the money to the said Henry.

Folio cxcviii b-cxcix.

Ordinacio pro diversis pro ditorib'.

Recital of proceedings having been taken against John Northampton, draper, John More and Richard Norbury, mercers, culminating in their being committed to widely distant prisons, there to remain for a term of ten years, and then only to be released on surety for keeping the peace, and on their undertaking not to come within 100 miles of the City. Nevertheless, representation having been recently made to the King that it would be agreeable to the majority of the good folks of the City if the said prisoners were to be allowed to come within 40 miles of the City, (fn. 15) in order to ascertain the truth of the matter the Mayor summoned the best of the folk of the City and suburbs to attend in the Chamber of Common Council at the Guildhall on Wednesday after the Feast of the Annunciation B. M. [25 March], 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1386], when there were present Nicholas Brembre, the Mayor, William Cheyne, the Recorder, John Hadle, John Orgon, John Chircheman, John Boseham, Nicholas Extone, John Fresshe, John Rote, William More, John Estone, William Olyver, Henry Vannere, Richard Prestone, William Staundone, and Thomas Welford, Aldermen, and the following Commoners from the several Wards, viz.:—

Cornhill (11): Richard Manhale, John Pynchoun, Thomas Birche, Walter Pykenham, John Ive, John Cok, "chaundeler," John Langhorn, John atte Harpe, William Wangford, Richard Smythe, and Robert Langetone.

Langebourne (6): William Fitz Hugh, Thomas Noket, Walter Dautre, Robert Honyford, John Studele, and Richard Estbrok.

Candelwykstret (9): John Brownesbury, William Spaldynge, John Olney, William Horston, William Ivory, William Gilot, John Jourdon, John Walcote, and John Pope.

Douegate (8): William Wottone, Nicholas Snypstone, William Wight, John Wiltshire, Simon Cok, Thomas Horsman, William Mounteney, and John Bisshop.

Walbroke (8): John Sely, William Knyght, William Beltone, Thomas Strode, William Fremyngham, Thomas Weyland, Roger Abbot, and Richard Spark.

Billynggesgate (5): John Wade, Thomas Girdelere, John Beaufront, John Claverynge, and John Claydone.

Vintry (4): Thomas Medelane, Thomas Tilneye, Henry Herbury, and John Andrew.

Cordewanerestret (13): Henry Stacy, Richard Hatfeld, Andrew Coggeshale, Robert Dane, William Pountfreit, John Hoo, Laurence Andreu, Thomas Heyward, Roger Martyn, Mark Ernele, Thomas atte Mille, William Culham, and Robert Fitz Robert.

Bradstret (5): William Wodehous, Adam Karlille, Benedict Cornwaille, John Clenaunt, Robert Lyghe.

Bisshoppesgate (4): Bartholomew Mildenale, John Sibille, Adam Ratteseye, Thomas atte Swan.

Lymstret (2): John Bradele, John Clapschethe.

Tower (6): Matthew Passelewe, Richard Willesdone, Thomas Evesham, Hugh Boys, Thomas Garnet, Hugh Sprot.

Algate (3): William Badby, Thomas Clayman, Richard Hale.

Portsokne (2): William Burford, William Wodeward.

Chepe (18): John Frankelein, Thomas Pope, John Pigeoun, Geoffrey Grigge, Geoffrey Crymelford, Thomas Makwilliam, Thomas Neel, Thomas Vyvent, William Pottenham, Richard Plot, Richard Burtone, William Wadesworth, John Cosyn, Robert Cursoun, Henry Godyn, Simon Wynchecombe, John Clerk, John Walsyngham.

Bridge (16): William atte Sele, Richard Radewelle, Thomas Mallyng, John Burwelle, John Mokkyng, Henry Petipas, William Bys, John Pountfreit, William atte Lee, Richard Blomville, John Sewale, William Radewelle, Robert Cook, John Bonet, Richard Grace, Henry Whitewelle.

Farndone (14): Thomas Boner, Richard Saffrey, Robert Lynne, John Kentois, John Hille, Robert Boxford, Richard Sprot, Nicholas Hoo, Thomas Pantone, Thomas Polle, Philip Downe, John Blakman, Simon atte Nax, William Pershore.

Castelbaynard (6): John Vautort, John Asshurst, John Asshele, Thomas Freek, William Shrympelmersshe, Nicholas Turk.

Queenhithe (5): Robert Parys, John Wariner, William Wynter, Richard Sprot, John Graveney, the elder (leigne).

Bredstret (9): Thomas Rolf, John Waltham, William Stapulte, Robert Ivyngho, Roger Parys, John Ragenelle, John Scorfeyn, Roger Brikelesworth, John Goldryng.

Colemanstret (3): Richard Whityngtone, William Rule, "draper," and Robert Haveloke.

Bassieshawe (2): William Hawe, Peter Morys.

Crepulgate (9): Gilbert Prince, John Wakele, John Furneux, John Hore, John Oxewyk, John Loveye, Robert Ashcombe, Matthew Asshby, John Forster.

Aldresgate (6): Nicholas Twiford, Thomas Reynham, Thomas Extone, John Pynchebek, John Bathe, John Bokkynge.

And the aforesaid Mayor, Aldermen, and Commons being severally asked to declare on oath whether they thought it better for the peace of the City that the said John Norhamptone, John More, and Richard Norbury should be allowed to approach within 40 miles of the City or be kept at the distance of 100 miles as previously ordered, declared that the approach of all or any of them within a distance of 40 miles would engender discord and debate in the City, (fn. 16) which God forbid. Thereupon the Mayor was asked to take with him the Aldermen and such Commoners as he would, and approach the King with the view of getting him to allow the original order to stand.

Supplicacio facta pro ob' cap' de quol't panno sigill' que concess' est.

At the same time the Commons put forward an ordinance made during the Mayoralty of John Hadle for sealing cloth made within the City with a seal of lead, to distinguish it from cloth made elsewhere, and prayed that a charge of one halfpenny should be made for sealing each cloth, and no more, although the charge was formerly greater. (fn. 17) The petition granted.

Alia supplicacio pro Joh'e Salesbury.

Also another petition was presented by John Salesbury, who had recently been appointed Surveyor of the river Thames and of fishermen therein in order to prevent the destruction of small fish, setting forth that he had received nothing for his pains, inasmuch as the false nets, wears, "treinkes," and other engines for catching fish were ordered to be burnt. (fn. 18) Thereupon the Commons desired the said Mayor and Aldermen to consider the petition favourably.

Folio cxcix b.

Concessio facta Nich'o Spyre pro libertate li'enda.

Also Nicholas Spyre, "taillour," valet of the Queen's Wardrobe, presented a petition to the said Mayor, Aldermen, and Commons that he might be admitted to the franchise of the City in the mistery of "taillours," as formerly desired by the Queen. His prayer granted, provided it be done with the assent of the Masters of the "Taillours," according to the custom of the City, and that he satisfy the Chamberlain for the said franchise as may be agreed upon.

Peticio facta Maiori et Aldr'is per Joh'em Hermesthorp magistr' Hospit' Sancte Kat'ine juxta turium de quadam placea t're ib' m.

Also a petition was presented to the said Mayor, Aldermen, and Commons by John Hermesthorp, Warden of the Hospital of St. Katherine near the Tower, for leave to enclose a piece of ground, formerly a portion of the garden of the said Hospital, and purchased by King Edward I. for the purpose of enlarging the Tower ditch, inasmuch as it was now vacant land and had become the resort of bad characters Thereupon it was agreed that the place should be viewed. (fn. 19)

Consimile [sic] bille misse fuerunt cuil't aldi'o pro d't xv a levanda.

Precept to the Aldermen to levy forthwith in their several Wards a sum equal to half a fifteenth (granted to the King by the last Parliament) for the defence of Calais, (fn. 20) &c., and to bring the money to the Guildhall within 8 days at the latest. Dated 4 May, 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1386].

Consimile [sic] bille misse fuer' cuil't aldr'o proho'ib' ad arma et vigilia ordinand'et di a xv a le vand'.

Precept to the Aldermen that they put their several Wards in array, and keep an armed watch at night, and, further, pay in to the Guildhall arrears of the half fifteenth recently ordered to be levied by Wednesday next, and take the usual steps for prevention of fire. Dated 2 June [A.D. 1386].

Folio cc.

Election of Aldermen.

Bredstret: Sir Nicholas Brembre.
Lymstret: John Hadle.
Billynggesgate: Nicholas Extone.
Chepe: John Boseham.
Vintry: Henry Vannere.
Langebourne: John Organ.
Bisshopesgate: John Chircheman.
Crepulgate: Robert Warbultone.
Colemanstret: John Estone.
Bassieshawe: John Shadworth.
Farndone: John Fraunceys.
Algate: William Staundone.
Aldrichesgate: Roger Elys.
Cornhulle: John Rote.
Walbrok: William Olyver.
Cordewanerstret: John Fresshe.
Douegate: Richard Prestone.
Castelbaynard: William More.
Queenhithe: Thomas Welford.
Bridge: Hugh Fastolf.
Tour: William Venour.
Bradestret: Adam St. Ive.
Candelwykstret: John Hende.

Ru'us Estbrol exon'at'ab assisis jur' et al' etc.

16 May, 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1386], Richard Estbrok discharged by the Mayor and Aldermen from serving on assizes, juries, &c., owing to increasing old age.

Rog'us Haukeswelle exon'ab assisis etc.

7 June, 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1386], Roger Haukeswelle, "chaundeler," similarly discharged for like cause.

Consimile [sic] bille misse cuil't aldr'o pro vigil' fa ciend'.

Precept to the Aldermen to set their several Wards in array, and to keep the customary watch on the eves of St. John [24 June] and SS. Peter and Paul [29 June] in manner prescribed. (fn. 21)

Folio cc b.

Acquietancia Ric'i Odiham Cam'arii.

Acquittance by Nicholas Brembre, Knt., the Mayor, the Aldermen, and the rest of the citizens to Richard Odyham, grocer, the Chamberlain, on his account for one year from Michaelmas, 8 Richard II. [A.D. 1384]. Dated in the Chamber of the Guildhall the morrow of St. Michael [29 Sept.], 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1385].

Concessio porte de Aldriches gate facta Joh'i Fekynham per Maiorem et co'itatem.

Grant by Nicholas Brembre, Knt., the Mayor, and the Commonalty to John Fekynham of the mansion over the gate of Aldrichesgate for life, he keeping the said mansion in repair and the City resuming possession in times of danger. Dated 23 May, 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1386].

Br'e de venire faciendo Joh'em Newe tone etc una cum causa arestac' sue.

Writ to the Sheriffs to bring up the body of John Newetone alias Glattone, a prisoner in Newegate, under a penalty of £50. Witness the King at Westminster, 28 June, 10 Richard II. [A.D. 1386].

Returnum br'is predicti.

Return made to the above by John Organ and John Chircheman, the Sheriffs, to the effect that John Newtone had been committed on appeal of John Everose, haberdasher and freeman of the City, before the said Sheriffs and John Charneye, the Coroner, for a robbery committed in the City; that a day had been fixed for prosecuting the appeal before the Mayor and Justices at the next gaol-delivery, according to the custom of the City, and that the appeal could not be determined elsewhere without infringement of the City's franchise.

Footnotes

1 His will proved and enrolled in the Court of Husting in July, 1384 'Cal. of Wills,' ii. 241-3.
2 Appointed Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry two days later.
3 A mistake in regnal year.
4 'Memorials,' pp. 485-6.
5 "Skinners' well, so called for that the Skinners of London held there certain plays yearly, played of Holy Scriptuie, &c. In place whereof the wrestlings have of later years been kept and is in part continued at Bar tholomew tide."—Stow's 'Survey' (Thoms's ed, 1876), p. 7.
6 He was engaged on an expedition to Scotland, "the only real military undertaking in which Richard ever took part." Stubbs, 'Const. Hist.,' ii. 467 Cf. supra, p. 269.
7 Sat from 20 Oct. to 6 Dec., 1385. The Commons granted the King a tenth and a half and a fifteenth and a half, and renewed the subsidy on wool (which expired at Midsummer next) for a year dating from the following 1st August. 'Rot. Parl.,' iii. 204.
8 Otherwise known as "Plow Monday," when the "Great Court of Wardmote" was held (and continues to be held) for the purpose of receiving Ward presentments, swearing-in of beadles, constables, &c. It is not clear whether the "Court of the Mayor" here mentioned refers to the Mayor's Court or the Court of Aldermen. At the present day the swearing in of beadles and Ward constables takes place before the Deputy-Registrar of the Mayor's Court, whereas petitions against returns from the Wards as well as the several presentments are referred to the next Court of Aldermen. See Report to Common Council by the Secondaries and City Courts Committee respecting the nature and constitution of the Court held on Plow Monday, 31 Oct., 1850 (printed). In 1857 an Act of Common Council was passed to the effect that returns of elections in Wardmotes should be delivered to the Town Clerk on the day of election of the following day, and not be postponed until Plow Monday, as had hitherto been the custom.
9 En le feste de Seint Lucie. Translated by Riley ('Liber Albus') as the Feast of St. Luke [18 Oct.]. Both the 18th Oct. and the 13th Dec. fall on Wednesday, so that he may be right. Moreover, "Seinte Lucie" in another passage in the 'Liber Albus' (i. 418) undoubtedly refers to St. Luke.
10 'Liber Albus,' i. 464.
11 Nets of a certain mesh used by fishermen known as "Peters" or "Petermen," just as fishermen using "treinkes" were known as "Trinkermen" Cf. "tous les Peters amesnantz pessoun a vendre," infra, fo. cclvii b; also 'Cal. Letter-Book A,' p. 186.
12 Battersea.
13 Sat from the 20th Oct. to the 6th Dec., 1385.
14 'Memorials,' pp. 486-7.
15 The Duke of Lancaster was using his best endeavours in favour of the prisoners, and before setting out for Spain succeeded in getting the King to promise a charter of pardon to them on condition they kept at a distance of forty miles from the City. Brembre's attitude towards North ampton and the rest he declared outrageous. 'Pleas and Memoranda,' Roll A 27, membr. 26.
16 This resolution caused much annoyance to the Duke of Lancaster, and led to some heated correspondence between him and Brembre in the following May, the Duke assuring the Mayor that all fears as to Northampton's presence in the City were needless, inasmuch as he intended, immediately after receiving his charter of pardon, to follow the Duke to Spain. 'Pleas and Memoranda,' Roll A 27, membr 26, 26 dors.
17 The charge in Hadley's time was 2d. for a whole cloth and 1d. for a smaller cloth Supra, pp. 145-6. It is remarkable that a reduction of the fee for sealing cloth should have been made during the Mayoralty of Brembre, who was no friend of the clothing trade.
18 The complainant was thus deprived of half the forfeitures, which, according to the terms of his appointment, he was to receive for his pains Supra, p. 253.
19 'Memorials,' pp. 487-8.
20 Walsingham ('Hist Anglic,' ii. 144) records the fact that in the summer of 1386 there were many rumours abroad of the French medi tating an attack on Calais, and shortly afterwards indulges in some uncomplimentary remarks upon the terior stricken attitude of the citizens of London (whom he compares with hares and mice for courage) when an invasion of England was thought imminent Ibid, pp. 145 6, cf. 'Chron Angliæ,' p. 370.
21 Set out in 'Memorials,' p. 488.