Proclamacio facta contra injactantes fimos arenam et alias sordes in aqua Thamisie.
Proclamation forbidding the casting of any kind of "lastage,"
when loading or unloading vessels, into the Thames, under
penalty of paying £10 to the Chamber of the Guildhall and
imprisonment for forty days.
Also forbidding the carrying of arms except by lords and
Also forbidding the sale of lambs by butchers at a price
higher than that specified.
L'ra palens ad levand' medie tatem unius decime.
Letters patent appointing William Shiryngham, Geoffrey
Crymelford, Henry Bamme, and William Badby collectors in
the City of the half a tenth and half a fifteenth granted to the
King in the Parliament held at Westminster on the 1st October
last. (fn. 1) Witness the King at Westminster, 28 Nov., 10 Richard II.
Folio ccxi b.
Precept to levy in the City an amount equal to half a fifteenth,
and to bring the money to the Guildhall by the 1st March next.
Custodia Con stancic nuper servientis Will in Vyne civis et lanarii London'.
13 Feb., 10 Richard II. [A.D. 1386-7], the guardianship of
Constance, late servant to William Vyne, woolmongere,
together with the sum of 10 marks bequeathed to her by her
said master, committed by Nicholas Extone, the Mayor, and
Richard Odyham, the Chamberlain, to Henry Reede, cordwainer, the father of the said orphan Sureties, viz., Thomas
Chapman, John Nortfolk, John Roket, and Ralph atte Castelle.
Letters patent granting murage to the Mayor, Aldermen, and
Citizens, according to schedule as set out, for a term of ten
years, for the purpose of keeping the City's walls, ditches, &c.,
in good order, more especially in this present time of war. (fn. 2)
Witness the King at Westminster, 18 Sept., 10 Richard II.
Schedule of murage chargeable on divers goods.
For every hundred (centena) of wax 4d.; for the same of
almonds 2d.; for every bale of rice 1d.; for a hundred of
pepper, ginger, "setewalle," cinnamon, frankincense, brasil,
quicksilver, vermilion, "vertegrece," and sugar 6d.; for a
hundred of sulphur, "argoil," gall (attramenti), rosin, copperas,
and calamel (fn. 4) (calamenti) 1d.; for a frail of figs and raisins 1d.;
for a pound of clove, "galyngale," nuts, muscatels, maces,
cubebs (quibibis), saffron, and silk ½d.; for every "bale" of
"mader" 2d.; for every thousand of best grey-work 2s.; for
the same of red work (de rubio opere) 12d.; for every thousand
of work of "Ruskyn" 4d.; for every "tymber" of "ermyns"
2d.; of "letuse" (fn. 5) 1d.; of "calaber" ½d.; of cats (catorum) ¼d.;
of foxes ½d.; of "bever" 4d.; of "ottres" 2d.; of "fycheux"
½d.; for every dozen of "foyns" 1d.; every dozen of genetskins (pellium de genett') 1d.; for every hundred of coney-skins
1d.; of sheep-skins 1d.; of "buge" ½d.; for every dozen of
cordwain 1d.; of "baseyns" ½d.; for every "dyker" of hide
tanned 2½d.; for every cask of woad 12d.; for every "bale"
of the same 2d.; for every barrel of honey 1d.; for every
quarter of salt ½d.; for every mill-stone (mola) for a mill 4d.;
for every pair of hand-mill cranks (de turnis manumolarum
(fn. 6) ) ½d.;
for every mill-stone for smiths (fabris) called "grindston" ½d.;
for every barrel of wood-ash (cinerum de wood) ½d.; for every
hundred of "waynescote" 2d.; for every hundred of "Rygold"
4d.; for a barrel of steel 20d.; for every hundred of "deles"
10d.; for a hundred of "longhores" 4d.; for every hundred
of "bowestaves" 2d.; for every last of "piche" and tar 3d.;
for every barrel of "Osemond" 1d.; for every hundred of
"pontandemer" (fn. 7) 2d.; for every cloth of Flanders dyed and
refined (afforciato) 4d.; for every entire cloth coming to London
for sale 4d.; for every dozen of cloth 2d.; for every bale of
"Kereseye," 'Walsshrusset," and mantle of Ireland (mantell'
durland) 12d.; for every entire cloth of scarlet 12d.; for a
dozen of black or white monks' cloth (panni monachalis) 2d. a
pound (de libra); for every worked cloth in London 8d.; for
every "chaldre" of coals ½d.; for every "fother" of coals ½d.;
for every horse-load of serges, "stamyns," grey cloths, and
linen cloths 2d. a pound, for a hundred of canvas 4d.; for a
dozen wimples (peplorum) ½d.; for every cloth of silk or gold
"Ragemas" [sic] 4d.; for every samite (sametto) and cloth
worked with gold 8d.; for every entire piece of "fustian" 1½d.;
for every cendal refined (sendillo afforciato) 2d. a pound; for two
other cendals not refined 2d. a pound, for every hundred of
woven cloth (tele) from foreign parts 8d.; for a dozen of all
kinds of sail cloth (velaminibus) 4d.; for every dozen of "double
worstede" 8d.; for the same of "sengleworstede" 4d.; for
every bed with "keverlit" and "testour" of the greater assize
4d.; for a bed with the same of the middle assize 2d.; for
every thousand (millena) of "talwode" 4d.; for the same of
"faget" 2d.; for the same of "bilet" ½d.; for every cartload
of hay ½d.; for every shipload of hay at the same rate; for
every quarter of corn 2d.; for a quarter of barley 2d.; for a
quarter of any other grain 1d.; for a cask of oil 12d.; of wine,
6d.; for a hundred-weight (centena ponderis) of "baterie," (fn. 8) viz.,
basins, dishes, pots, and caldrons, 4d.; for a horse worth 40s
and more 2d.; and for one of less value 1d.; for an ox 1d.; a
cow 1d.; a sheep ½d.; for five pigs (baconibus) 2d.; for a calf
¼d.; for a porker (porco) ½d.; for the hull of a
big ship laden with merchandise other than aforesaid 4d.; for
the hull of a lesser ship similarly laden 2d.; for a boat laden
1d.; for every dozen of salted salmon 4d.; for twenty-five
mulvel 4d.; for a barrel of "haddok" 1d.; for a hundred of
salted mackerel ½d.; for a thousand of herring 2d.; for a barrel
of herring 2d.; for a dozen salted lampreys 2d.; for a thousand
eels 10d.; for a hundred of coarse fish (grasci piscis) 4d.; for a
barrel of sturgeon 6d.; for a hundred of "Stokfisshe" called
"Raclefisshe" and "Coursfisshe" 4d.; for a hundred of other
"Stokfisshe" called "halfwoxefisshe" 2d.; for a hundred of
other "Stokfisshe" called "Croplyng" and "Titlyng" ½d.; for
a hundred "bunches" of garlick (allei) 3d.; for twenty-five
bushels of sand-eels (ceparum) 1d.; for every "dosser" of fish
1d.; for every thousand of iron 4d.; for armour, viz., "hauberjons" and other armour of the value of 20s., 2d.; and for all
other merchandise of the value of 20s. not here specified,
except wool, hides, and woolfells, 2d.
The following elected by the Common Council to carry the
above into effect in conjunction with the Mayor and Aldermen,
viz., Nicholas Brembre, Knt., John Hadle, Robert Warbultone,
John Bosham, John Shadworth, Henry Vannere, John Organ,
John Fresshe, Thomas Wilford, William Venour, William
Shiryngham, William Tonge, John "Kirtone," Thomas Rolfe,
Henry Herbury, Adam Bamme, Thomas Extone, Thomas
Girdeler, Henry Stacy, William Ancroft, John Mokkynge, John
Trigge, Thomas Austyn, Richard Willesdone, John Pountffreit,
John Burwelle, John Loveye, Geoffrey Walderne, John
Wyltschire, Thomas Makwylliam, William Baret, and John
Commission under the Mayoralty seal appointing Thomas
Girdeler and Thomas Garnet to collect the above murage, and
to deliver the same by indenture to William Baiet, John
Kirtone, William Ancroft, and Thomas Austyn, or to one of
them. Dated 1 March, 10 Richard II. [A.D. 1386-7].
A similar commission sent by the Common Council to the
following as collectors for the places prescribed, viz.:—
For Bridge John Mokkyng, John Burwelle.
Between Bridge and the Preaching Friars: John Trigge,
For Templebarre and Ludgate: Simon atte Nax, Roger
For the suburbs without Neugate and for Neugate: Elias
Westone, Robert Malteby.
For the suburbs without Aldrichesgate and for Aldrichesgate:
John Bathe, Thomas Extone.
For the suburbs without Crepulgate and for Crepulgate:
Adam Bamme, John Loveye.
For the suburbs without Bisshopesgate and for Bisshopesgate: Henry Herbury, John Sibille.
For the suburbs without "la posterne" and for "la posterne":
William Tonge, Richard Morell.
Surveyors of murage sworn, viz.: Nicholas Extone, Henry
Vanner, John Shadworth, and Thomas Wylford.
Consimiles bille misse fuerunt cuil't Aldr'o proxiid levand' de libra omnium reddituum civitatis.
Afterwards a precept was sent to each Alderman bidding
them inquire in their several Wards as to the amount of rent
in the City each individual owns, and to levy the sum of
12 pence on every 20s. of such rent, and pay one-half of the
proceeds at the Guildhall by Easter next, and the other half
at the Feast of the Nativity of St. John Bapt. [24 June]:
furthermore, to elect an Alderman for their several Wards,
as well of those who are now Aldermen as of those who
had been Aldermen, or any others as seemeth best, and
also cause two, four, or six of the more sufficient persons in
their Wards to be elected to the Common Council, and return
the names of those so elected on Saturday next before the
Feast of St. Gregory [12 March] next.
Folio ccxiii b.
Proclamacio de oleo vendend' et de oistreis et musculis in nullo loco ccrto infra lib'tatem civitat' vendend'.
Proclamation regulating the price of oil and forbidding
birlsters (fn. 9) of oysters and mussels to stand and sell their wares
in any one place, but walk from place to place and serve the
Commonalty, under penalty of forfeiture of the same. [No
Proclamacio q'd null' pannar' forens' vendat ali quem pannum infra lib'tatem civitatis nisi fuerit integ' pan' vel d'i et hoc in loc limtatis.
Proclamation to the effect that no foreign draper shall sell
his cloth elsewhere than at places appointed, viz., at the
Stokkes, at the house where John Yonge, grocer, lives near
the church of St. "Auntelyn," and at a place opposite the
churchyard of the said church lately belonging to John Aubrey;
and this between midday of Thursday and the same hour of
the Saturday following in every week and not otherwise; and
further, that no one bring into the City any cloth except whole
and half cloth with lists at both ends. [No date.]
Breve progross' bestiis in civitate London' non mactandis.
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs for the due observance of an
ordinance made by King Edward III. with the assent of Parliament in the thirty-fifth year of his reign, to the effect that great
beasts intended for food for the inhabitants of the City should
be slaughtered at Stratford or Knightsbridge, and not nearer
the City, which ordinance had been confirmed in the Parliament
held at Westminster, anno 3 Richard II. [A.D. 1380]. (fn. 10) Witness
the King at Westminster, 23 Feb., 10 Richard II. [A.D. 1386-7].
Judicium Thome Wytte man Bedelli pro delibera cione uni' eq'astriati aldr'o de Portsokne in prejudicium vic' London'.
Thomas Wytteman, beadle of the Ward of Portsokne, convicted, on his own confession, of having delivered to the Prior of
Christchurch, Alderman of the said Ward, a horse which he
found astray on Wednesday before the Feast of St. Matthias
[24 Feb.], 10 Richard II. [A.D. 1386-7], instead of delivering it to
the Sheriffs, to whom it rightly belonged by charter, and committed to Neugate by order of Nicholas Extone, the Mayor, and
the Aldermen, until the Court should be advised on the matter.
Thereupon the said Prior caused divers writs of certiorari to
be issued against the liberties and customs of the City to the
said Mayor and Sheriffs, contrary to his oath as an Alderman,
pursuant to which the said Mayor, Aldermen, and Sheriffs
appeared before [Thomas Arundel], Bishop of Ely, the Chancellor, on Friday the 1st March, when the said Prior claimed
equality by men of his counsel and others (contra eos pareiam
per homines de consilio suo et alios fecit
(fn. 11) ), resisting them with all
his might, &c. After dinner on the same day the said Mayor,
Aldermen, and Sheriffs went to the King's Council at the house
of the Preaching Friars on the same matter, when divers
lords and magnates asked for greater favour to be shown to
the Prior. Thereupon, on the following Saturday, came the
aforesaid Prior into the Chamber of the Guildhall before the
said Mayor, Aldermen, and Sheriffs, and asked pardon for his
contempt, and it was granted. Furthermore, the said Thomas
was released at the Prior's request and the horse was delivered
up to William More and William Staundone, the Sheriffs, as
belonging to them by right of office.
Judicium Ric'i Arderne pelli par' pro che vancia sua facta in dicto mistere contra ordinacionem dicti misteri.
Friday the 1st March, 10 Richard II. [A.D. 1386-7], Richard
Arderne, skinner, charged before Nicholas Extone, the Mayor,
and the Aldermen, by Thomas Lakford, John Huwet, Thomas
de Kent, and Peter Pountfreyt, the Masters and other good
men of the Mistery of Skinners, with having made a certain
"chevance" by way of usury (per viam usure) with Herman
Taillour to the extent of £20, for which sum he covenanted to
deliver to the said Herman certain furs, whereby it was agreed
between them that the said Herman should lose for certain a
sum of £3, to the great scandal of the mistery, and contrary to an ordinance formerly made and recorded supra,
fo. clxxxviii [b]. They therefore asked for judgment according to the said ordinance. Thereupon the said Richard said he
would acquit himself by five men of the mistery according to
the same ordinance, and a day was given for the purpose; but
he failed to produce the men. Cur. ad. vult. On Friday after
the Feast of SS. Perpetua and Felicitas [7 March] it was
adjudged that the said sum of £20, by way of "chevance" and
usury so promised for accommodation, should be forfeited, one
moiety to the use of the Chamber and the other to the use of
the Masters and good men of the said mistery, according to the
ordinance. Cur. ad. vult, the said Richard being in the meantime mainprised by Richard Sparke, Edward Caumbre, William
Wiltshyre, and John Leve, quousque etc.
Folio ccxiv b.
Combustio libri vocati Jubile.
Saturday after the Feast of St. Gregory [12 March],
10 Richard II. [A.D. 1386-7], a book called "Jubile," containing
ordinances repugnant to the ancient customs of the City,
ordered to be burnt by a Common Council summoned by
Nicholas Extone, the Mayor, and composed not only of those
elected from the Wards to be a Common Council, but also of
the more reputable and substantial men of the same, in such
numbers that the Council had to remove from the Upper
Chamber of the Guildhall to the Hall below. (fn. 12)
Proclamaciode vendicionevini et q'd q'libet possit intrar celarium ad vidend' vinum suumtractum.
Thursday after the Feast of Annunciation B. M. [25 March],
10 Richard II. [A.D. 1387], proclamation made regulating the
sale of "Osoye" or any other wine of Spain, "Grek," and
"Malvesye"; and for customers to be allowed to see their
De amocione a co'i concilio et restitucio.
Recital of proceedings having been taken by Nicholas Brembre,
the Mayor, the Aldermen, and good men of the Common Council,
against William Essex, draper, John More, mercer, Richard
Norbury, mercer, and others who had been removed from the
Common Council, and of the election of others in their place, as
appears on fo. lxi [b]; of the record having been withdrawn,
and of their having been restored to their offices during the
Mayoralty of John Norhamptone without the assent of the
better and wiser citizens, as appears supra on fo. cxxxix [b].
And whereas the said John Norhamptone as well as the said
John More and Richard Norbury had been convicted and
sentenced to death by the Justices at the Tower (fn. 13) on Monday
after the Feast of the Nativity B. M. [8 Sept.], 8 Richard II.
[A.D. 1384], and the said William Essex had escaped and fled;
it was now agreed, on Wednesday the 17th April, 10 Richard II.
[A.D. 1387], by Nicholas Extone, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and
the Common Council, that the said John Norhamptone, John
More, Richard Norbury, and William Essex, for the causes
aforesaid, be for ever deprived of the freedom of the City, and
that their aforesaid restitution be and is hereby cancelled.
Election of Aldermen.
Billinggesgate: Nicholas Extone.
Bredstret: Monsieur [sic:] Nicholas Brembre.
Lymstret: John Hadle.
Langebourne: John Organ.
Crepulgate: Robert Warbultone. (fn. 14)
Candelwykstret: John Hende.
Bridge: Hugh Fastolf.
Vintry: Henry Vanner.
Castelbaynard: William More.
Walbroke: William Oliver.
Cornhulle: John Rote.
Bisshopesgate: John Chircheman.
Bradstret: Adam St. Ive.
Colmanstret: John Estone. (fn. 15)
Bassieshawe: John Shadworth.
Cordewanerstrete: John Fresshe.
Chepe: [No name recorded. (fn. 16) ]
Farndone: John Fraunceys.
Aldrichesgate: Roger Elys.
Douegate: Richard Preston. (fn. 17)
Algate: William Staundone.
Tower: William Venour.
Queenhithe: Thomas Wylford.
Compot' Walt'i' Blakeneye" pro Thoma Stable orphano.
5 March, 10 Richard II. [A.D. 1386-7], account rendered
by Walter "Blankeneye," mercer, before John Bosham and
Thomas Wilford, Aldermen, and John Loveye, Commoner, as
auditors appointed by Nicholas Extone, the Mayor, and the
Aldermen, in the presence of Richard Odiham, the Chamberlain, and John Reche, the Common Pleader, for the time when
the said Walter was guardian of Thomas and Isabella, children
of John Stable, mercer.
Folio ccxv b.
Cancellat' quia partes concordate sunt.
The said Walter found to be in arrears and committed to
prison. Afterwards, viz., on the 27th March, the said Walter
was committed to the custody of John Leenge and Richard
Boneby, mercer, who gave bond for his appearance before the
Mayor and Aldermen on Monday the 29th April following.
Co'e consilium pro eo q'd dn's de la Souche fecit instanciam pro re consiliacione Joh'is Northt' et alior' ad pristinum statum civium.
At a meeting of Nicholas Extone, the Mayor, the Aldermen,
and the whole Common Council on the 17th April, 10 Richard II.
[A.D. 1387], it was announced by the said Mayor that the Lord
de la Souche was urging the King to grant charters of pardon
to John Northampton, late draper, John More and Richard
Northbury, mercers, and late citizens of London, and to restore
them to their former state of citizenship.
L'ra eidem d'no de la Souche sub co'i sigillo directa.
Thereupon a letter was sent to the Lord de la Souche under
the Common Seal, expressing surprise at his action, and declaring that the City would know no peace so long as any of the
aforesaid individuals remained in it, for during the reign of the
King's grandfather they caused so much dissension that they
were expelled from the Council and assemblies of the citizens
for ever, (fn. 19) and during the present reign they had been convicted
of high treason on their own confession before the King's
Justices, (fn. 20) and the proceedings against them had by the King's
orders been publicly proclaimed throughout the City. If such
proclamation were to be rendered void, it would redound
greatly to the King's dishonour and the City's destruction.
They pray him therefore not to allow himself to be led into
error by gifts or promises, and to stay his suit. Dated
27 April, 10 Richard II. [A.D. 1387].
The above letter was delivered to the said Lord de la Souche
at his hostel by John Reche, the Common Pleader, Ralph
Strode, and John Harwell, Serjeant-at-arms.
The same day it was agreed that the Mayor and the rest of
the Aldermen and citizens should ride to meet the King at
Esthamstede (fn. 21) to ask his favour for the City, and pray that his
charters granted to the citizens, and especially that touching
the judgment passed on Northamptone, More, and Northbury,
might remain in force.
Afterwards, viz., on the 4th May, in a great congregation of
Nicholas Extone, the Mayor, the Aldermen, the entire Common
Council, and very many of the better citizens, sitting in the
Upper Chamber of the Guildhall, report was made by William
Cheyne, the Recorder, how graciously the Mayor, Aldermen,
and citizens had been received by the King at Esthamstede,
and with what force and wisdom the Mayor had represented to
the King the risk that would be incurred by the City if charters
of pardon were granted to Northamptone, More, and Northbury, and how the King had replied that he would be very
cautious before showing favour to the prisoners. (fn. 22)
At the same meeting it was agreed, on the petition of the
whole Commonalty, with the assent of the Aldermen, that in
the event of Northamptone, More, and Northbury thereafter
being pardoned, they should never be restored to the freedom
of the City, and that William Essex, draper, who had failed to
appear to answer charges of sedition, (fn. 23) should be deprived of
the said freedom. It was further agreed that the King's
charter to the citizens containing an account of the proceedings
against Northamptone, More, and Northbury should be entered
in this book, and it is recorded on this folio; also that the
Mayor make diligent inquiry in whose hands the property of
the said Northamptone, More, and Northbury remained, in order
that it might be seized for the King's use; and, further, make
inquiry if any citizens had exerted themselves to obtain their
release, or if any wife, offspring, or kinsman had so acted after
the date of the aforesaid charter; and lastly, that at the next
coming of the said Lord de la Souche to the City the Mayor
and Aldermen should send for him and persuade him, as well
as the Minister (Ministro) of the Friars Minors and Brother
of the same, to cease from urging reconciliation with the said
Northamptone, More, and Northbury.
Carta recita [sic] condempacionis Joh'is Northamptone Joh'is More et Ric'i Northbury (cum abbreviacione et re missione qua rundam puncionium adjudicatar' etc.
(fn. 25) )
Letters patent reciting former letters patent of the 26th Sept.,
8 Richard II. [A.D. 1384], (fn. 24) to the effect that the judgment passed
on Northamptone, More, and Northbury should not be disturbed,
and that after the expiration of their ten years' imprisonment
they should not be allowed to return within 100 miles of the
City. Nevertheless, at the urgent prayer of John, Duke of
Lancaster, the King now grants pardon and freedom to the
said prisoners on their finding surety for good behaviour and
subject to the proviso that they do not approach within 80 miles
of the City, on pain of loss of life. The Mayor and Commonalty,
having assented to this remission, (fn. 26) are not to suffer the pains
and penalties attached by former letters patent to those who
should make suit in favour of the prisoners. Witness the King
at Westminster, 3 June, 9 Richard II. [A.D. 1386].
Folio ccxvi b.
Custodia Ric'i Hervyle.
22 May, 10 Richard II. [A.D. 1387], the guardianship of
Richard, son of Walter Hervyle, together with a sum of £60
and divers implements appertaining to the mistery of
"Peautrers," &c., committed by Nicholas Extone, the Mayor,
and Richard Odyham, the Chamberlain, to Thomas Baktone,
fishmonger, and Matilda his wife, widow of the said Walter.
Sureties, viz., Thomas Fretone and Master Thomas Baktone,
Archdeacon of London.
Custodia Joh'is filii Henr' Padyngtone.
Whereas on the 19th Dec., 1 Richard II. [A.D. 1377], William
Whetele, cordwainer, received in Court the sum of £55 in trust
for John, son of Henry Padyngtone, and on the death of the
said William the sum of £48 and 13 pence was delivered
to Richard Odyham, the Chamberlain, as appears supra,
fo. lxxviii, which sum together with other money was paid by
Walter Gyngivere and Benedict Wakelyn, executors of the said
William, to John Basse, draper, in trust for the said orphan—
the said John Basse now comes and gives bond. [No date].
Afterwards, viz., on the 14th Nov., 17 Richard II. [A.D. 1393],
the said John came and delivered to Stephen Speleman, the
Chamberlain, the aforesaid sum of £55 in trust for the said
orphan, and he is quit.
Folio ccxvii b.
Afterwards, viz., on the 10th Nov., 17 Richard II. [A.D. 1393], (fn. 27)
came the above orphan, being now of full age, and asked that
his property might be delivered to him, and this was done after
an account had been taken by certain auditors, viz., Thomas
Knolles and William Evote, Aldermen, Stephen Speleman, the
Chamberlain, and Robert Peek, the Common Pleader.
L'ra d'ni Regis pro gubernacione civitatis.
Letter of Privy Seal to the Mayor, Aldermen, and Common
Council of the City, urging them to safeguard the City and
to see that only fit and proper individuals take part in the
government of the same. Dated at the King's manor of
Wodestok, 3 June [year omitted].
Billa pro vigiliis faciend'.
Precept for a proper watch and ward to be kept on the eves
of the Nativity of St. John Bapt. [24 June] and the Feast of
SS. Peter and Paul [29 June], and for precautions to be taken
Folio ccxvii b.
Letters patent granting pardon (at the request of Nicholas
Extone, the Mayor) to those vintners and taverners who had
sold wines of Gascony, Rochelle, "Oseye," and of Spain
contrary to various statutes. Witness the King at Westminster,
17 Feb., 10 Richard II. [A.D. 1386-7].
Concessio officii co'is venatoris.
Thursday before the Feast of St. Margaret [20 July],
11 Richard II. [A.D. 1387], Thomas Biringtone appointed
Common Hunt of the City by the Mayor, Aldermen, and
Common Council in the place of John Charneye (fn. 28) for one
year, receiving for his pains the profit arising from the
"stations" around the Crosses in Chepe if it so please the
Ordinacio contra nativos q'd nonsint recepti in lib'tatem civitat' nec ad statum judi cialem in eadem.
18 July, 11 Richard II. [A.D. 1387], ordinance by Nicholas
Extone, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, with the assent of the
Common Council, to the effect that thenceforth no foreigner
should be enrolled as an apprentice nor be received into the
freedom of the City by apprenticeship unless he first swear
that he is a freeman and not a bondsman (nativus); and any
one admitted in future to the freedom by redemption, or any
other way except apprenticeship, shall make the same oath
and find six sureties according to ancient custom. (fn. 29) Also that
if it happen that any such bondsman shall have been admitted
to the freedom on false pretences without the knowledge of the
Chamberlain, as soon as it be known to the Mayor and
Aldermen, he shall lose his freedom and pay a fine for his
deception at the discretion of the Mayor and Aldermen,
saving always the liberty which appertains to the soil of the
City. (fn. 30)
Also if it happen (which God forbid) that any one born
whilst his father was a bondsman be elected to judicial office
in the City as Alderman, Sheriff, or Mayor, and do not notify
his servile condition previously to the Mayor and Aldermen, he
shall pay to the Chamberlain £100 to the use of the Commonalty and nevertheless lose his freedom. (fn. 31)
Q'd vendi cantes lib' tatem civitatis per nascenciam suam per juramentum suum admit tantur.
Also it was unanimously agreed and ordained that those
claiming the freedom of the City by birth (per nascenciam suam
(fn. 32) )
within the year next ensuing, or within the first year after they
come of age, if they be at large (ad suum largum) within the
realm, and are not already sworn to the City, shall inform the
Chamberlain for the time being of their birth, and, further,
make the same oath as other freemen are wont to make, to
the end that no one be admitted to judicial office in the City in
future, wheresoever he may have been born, whose father was
a bondsman as aforesaid; and after the term now prescribed
those claiming the freedom by birth shall not enjoy the freedom
of the City until they shall have made the oath as aforesaid
before the Chamberlain and it be enrolled; so that whensoever
they shall offer to make such oath, they shall be received to do
the same, and when they shall have shown that they ought to
be freemen of the City by birth as aforesaid, they shall be
accepted as freemen of the City, and for such acceptance and
entrance they shall pay nothing.
Whereupon in the same congregation Thomas Girdeler, son
of Robert Girdeler, corder, John Trig, son of William Trig,
fishmonger, and Ralph Strode, son of Robert Strode, mercer,
publicly made the oath accustomed to be made by those
admitted to the freedom.
The above ordinances were proclaimed on the 2nd August,
11 Richard II. [A.D. 1387], together with the articles following:
Proclamacio q'domnes infra lib'tatem civitatis veniant ad essend' in lotto et scotto.
A proclamation for all who, being of the franchise of the
City, live without the same, and use merchandise by themselves or others, to appear before the Mayor and Aldermen
within fifteen days of the Feast of St. Michael [29 Sept.] next,
either themselves or by their attorneys, in order to be in lot
and scot with other commoners of the said City, under penalty
of losing their franchise. (fn. 33)
Proclamacio q'd quil't possit h'ere suum pro prium lucrum supra mare.
A proclamation to the effect that those willing to send their
vessels to sea with the King's ships of war may freely do so,
and reap all the profit they may gain in the expedition against
the King's enemies.
Procla° q'd canes non cii cun vagant in civitate ad largum.
A proclamation against allowing dogs to wander at large
about the City except pet dogs (chiens gentilz), under penalty of
a fine of 40d. (fn. 34)
A proclamation regulating the price of ale.
Folio ccxviii b.
Returnum in Cancellar' pro Ric'o Bailly capellano.
Recital of proceedings in error and writ to the Sheriffs to
bring into the King's Chancery the body of Richard Bailly, a
chaplain, against whom judgment in the sum of £20 had been
obtained by Walter atte Chirche, brewer, in the Sheriff's
Court for having abducted Matilda his wife, and taken goods
belonging to the said Walter to the value of £40, and who, in
default of payment of the said damages, had been committed
to prison. At length, in obedience to a writ dated the 10th July,
11 Richard II. [A.D. 1387], William More and William Staundone, the Sheriffs, brought up the said Richard Bailly into the
Chancery, and there he remained until Nicholas Extone, the
Mayor, the Sheriffs, and the Aldermen went to claim him, that
he might be recommitted to prison, according to the custom
of the City.
Judicium certor' allutar' covinas et congregaciones Jacrencium.
17 Aug., 11 Richard II. [A.D. 1387], John Clerk, Henry
Duntone, and John Hychene, serving-men of the mistery of
Cordwainers, attached on a charge made by Robert de York,
Thomas Bryel, Thomas Gloucestre, and William Midenhale,
Surveyors of the said Mistery, and others, of having formed an
illegal assembly at the Friars Preachers, contrary to the ordinance recorded supra, fo. clxxii, and of having assaulted Richard
Bonet of the same Mistery. The accused confessed their guilt,
and, further, declared that Friar William Bartone had agreed,
for a sum of money contributed by them, to make suit to the
Court of Rome for a confirmation by the Pope of their fraternity.
Such a proceeding being prejudicial to the civic authorities,
the accused were committed to prison.
Afterwards, viz., on the 3rd Sept., the same year, came
Nicholas Bosbury, Walter Hoggeslade, Adam Loseye, Walter
Gyngyver, Roger Rabas, William Robyn, William Hare,
Robert Suttone, cordwainers. [ends abruptly]. (fn. 35)
Judicium Joh'is Hunte.
The same day [17 Aug.] John Hunte was brought before
Nicholas Extone, the Mayor, and the Aldermen in the Chamber
of the Guildhall on a charge of having unlawfully attached (he
not being an officer of the City) certain ships' carpenters and
forcibly carried them with him, until meeting Richard Grinder,
the Beadle of the Ward of Byllingesgate, they sought his
assistance. Thereupon he remonstrated with the said John,
who grievously assaulted him until overpowered by good men
of the venue of the Ward and carried to Neugate. The said
John confessed his guilt, and was committed to prison for a year
and a day unless, &c.
Afterwards, viz., on the 23rd Aug., he was pardoned the rest
of his term of imprisonment and released on sureties, viz.,
Roger Parys, Richard Merlawe, "ismongers," and John
Folio ccxix b.
Writ to Nicholas Extone, Mayor, to bring Peter Mildenale,
skinner, who had been committed to prison, to the King at
Nottingham Castle. Dated at Nottingham, 23 Aug. [A.D. 1387].
L'ra responsoria predictar' l'rar.
Return to the above setting forth the custom of the City, and
praying that the production of the body of the above Peter at
Nottingham pursuant to the writ may not be prejudicial to the
City's liberties. Dated 26 Aug. [A.D. 1387].
Judicium col listrigii quia se finxit filium comitis de Ormound.
17 Sept., 11 Richard II. [A.D. 1387], William Frenkysshe, of
co Staff., charged before Nicholas Extone, the Mayor, and the
Aldermen in the Chamber of the Guildhall, with having
pretended to be the son of the Earl of Ormund and with having
fraudulently deceived John Tylneye, of co. Norfolk, and
demoralized his daughter Katherine, aged seven years. Condemned to the pillory with a whetstone hung about his
neck, &c. (fn. 36)
Saturday the Feast of St. Matthew [21 Sept.], 11 Richard II.
[A.D. 1387], in the presence of Nicholas Extone, the Mayor,
Nicholas Brembre, Knt., Nicholas Twyford, Knt., John Hadle,
William Cheyne, the Recorder, William More and William
Standone, the Sheriffs, John Chircheman, John Fresshe, Henry
Vanner, John Shadworth, John Organ, John Rote, Roger Elys,
John Fraunceys, William Olyver, Adam de St. Ive, Thomas
Wilford, and William Wottone, Aldermen, and very many
commoners of the Wards, as well those elected for a Common
Council as other good men of the same, summoned for the
election of Sheriffs in the Guildhall—the said Mayor elected
William Venour and the Commonalty elected Hugh Fastolf to
be Sheriffs for the year ensuing.
In the same congregation there were elected as auditors of
the accounts of the Chamberlain and Wardens of London Bridge,
viz., Henry Vanner and John Fresshe, Aldermen, by the Mayor
and Aldermen, and William Tonge, William Ancroft, Henry
Herbury, and John Clenant by the Commonalty.
Afterwards, viz., on Saturday the eve of St. Michael [29 Sept.],
the said Sheriffs were sworn at the Guildhall, and on the
morrow were presented before the Barons at Westminster.
L'ra missa d'no Rege [sic] per Maiorem Aldrm' et co'item .
Letter under the Common Seal from the Mayor, Aldermen,
and Commonalty to the King, expressing regret at his having
been aggrieved with the City owing to the action of the heinous
and horrible sect of John Norhamptone and his fellows, traitors
to the King, and thanking him for recent expressions of favour
towards them, signified by his letters and confirmed by the
mouth of Nicholas Brembre. They pray him not to credit any
evil report about the City without investigation, nor to pardon
Northampton (fn. 37) or any of his followers without taking the evidence
of officials connected with the government of the City, and lastly,
that a citizen charged with any crime may not be judged otherwise than by the King's Justices within the City according to
ancient law and custom, unless the civic authorities deem such
a course to be dangerous. Dated 17 Sept. [A.D. 1387].
Folio ccxx b.
L'ra missa d'no Regi.
Letter under the seal of the Mayoralty to the King complaining of grants having been made of property as escheated
to the King before the title to such escheats had been determined, and in such haste that innocent people had been made
to suffer, and praying that in future such grants might not be
made until the King's title to such escheats be proved and the
Mayor, the King's Escheator, shall have certified the same.
Dated the morrow of St. Matthew [21 Sept.].
Joh'es Be southe super visor Thamisie.
Grant by Nicholas Extone, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and Commonalty to John Besouthe, "sergeant," of the office of Keeper
of the water of the Thames and Surveyor of nets for life (he
receiving 100s. a year from the Chamberlain) in the same manner
as the office was lately held by John Salesbury. Dated in the
Chamber of the Guildhall, 20 Aug., 11 Richard II. [A.D. 1387].
Oath of allegiance [French]. (fn. 38)
Sacr'm quod Maior Aldr'i et co'itas fecerunt d'no Regi.
You swear that you will be faithful and loyal subject to our
lord the King Richard (and his right heirs, Kings of England (fn. 39) ),
and his counsel will keep, and with him his purpose and wishes
will hold and maintain to your ability against all those who are
or shall become rebels or opposed to his person or royalty, and
ready shall you be to live and die with our said lord the King,
to destroy all who have meditated, do meditate, or shall meditate
treason against our said liege lord in any manner, without
having regard to any person in the world; and well and
honourably shall you always speak of him and of our most
gracious lady the Queen; and if you hear any person, great or
small, of whatever condition he may be, do or speak otherwise,
you shall arrest him if you are able, and if unable you shall
warn the Mayor and Sheriffs of such person and his speech
without any delay; and ready shall you be and quickly come to
your Mayor for the time being, when, and at what hour, you
be required to resist, so long as life remains, all those who
meditate or shall meditate any matter against our liege lord in
any of the points aforesaid (And further you shall refuse the
evil opinions of John Norhamptone, John More, Richard Norbury,
and William Essex, who notoriously have confessed themselves
to be guilty of high treason against our lord the King, and
you shall resist with all your power the return of the said John
Norhamptone, John More, Richard, and William within the
bounds prescribed to them by letters patent of our lord the
King (fn. 40) aforesaid, and all other things aforesaid you shall maintain (fn. 41) ) so God you help and the Saints.