Folios cclxxi - cclxxxi
July 1392 -

Sponsor

Centre for Metropolitan History

Publication

Author

Reginald R. Sharpe (editor)

Year published

1907

Pages

380-396

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'Folios cclxxi - cclxxxi: July 1392 -', Calendar of letter-books of the city of London: H: 1375-1399 (1907), pp. 380-396. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=33482 Date accessed: 20 April 2014. Add to my bookshelf


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Folio cclxxi.

Custodia pueror' Thome Langelee pelli parii.

20 July, 16 Richard II. [A.D. 1392], the guardianship of William and Thomas, sons of Thomas Langelee, skinner, committed by Edward "Dalyngregge," Knt., Warden of the City, and Stephen Speleman, the Chamberlain, to Nicholas Dene, cordwainer. Sureties, viz., John Denver, merchant, and William Turnour, baker.

Exon' acio custodie Joh' is filii Henr' Clerl.

20 Jan., 17 Richard II. [A.D. 1393-4], account rendered by Alexander Clerc before John Walcote, Alderman, Thomas Bonantre and John Kelseye, commoners, as auditors, and Stephen Speleman, the Chamberlain, of the property of John, son of Henry Clerc, late tapicer.

Folio cclxxi b.

Perdonacio trium milium marcar'.

Letters patent of pardon granted, at the prayer of the Queen consort and the citizens of London, to William Venour, late Mayor, John Loveye and John Walcote, late Sheriffs, William Baret, Nicholas Extone, William Bramptone, William Wottone, John Hende, William Olyver, William More, John "Frosshe," Thomas Welford, and the aforesaid Mayor, John Fraunceys, Henry Vannere, and the said John Loveye, William Shiryngham, Adam Bamme, John Shadeworth, Henry Bamme, Adam Chaungeour, (fn. 1) John Pynchoun, Thomas Vyvent, John Haddele, and Adam Carlille, late Aldermen, for a fine of 3,000 marks, in which they had been condemned by Edmund, Duke of York, Thomas, Duke of Gloucester, and other Justices appointed to inquire into the government of the City and to reform abuses—and further, granting a similar pardon to John Hende, late Mayor of the City, Henry Vannere and John Shadworth, late Sheriffs, William Venour, John Hadlee, John Loveye, William Baret, William Bramptone, William Wottone, William Olyver, William More, John "Frosshe," Thomas Wilford, John Fraunceys, William Shiringham, Adam Bamme, Henry Bamme, Adam Chaungeour, Gilbert Maghfeld, Thomas Vyvent, Adam Carlille, Drew Barentin, Robert Excestre, Prior of Crichirche, and Thomas "Newentone," Aldermen, of all misprisions, &c., of which they were convicted by the Great Council at Notyngham on the morrow of the Nativity of St. John Bapt. [24 June]. Witness the King at Wodestoke, 19 Sept., 16 Richard II. [A.D. 1392].

Perdonacio centum milium librar'.

Letters patent reciting the above letters patent, and, further, remitting to the citizens the sum of £100,000 they had agreed to pay for the recovery of the King's favour. (fn. 2) Witness the King at Wodestoke, 19 Sept., 16 Richard II. [A.D. 1392].

Folio cclxxii.

Perdonacio et restitucio libertatis.

Letters patent restoring the City's franchises, at the special request of the Queen consort. Witness the King at Wodestoke, 19 Sept., 16 Richard II. [A.D. 1392].

1 Dec., 18 Richard II. [A.D. 1394], came Richard, the elder son of Robert Cok, and asked for certain moneys formerly belonging to Richard, the younger son of the said Robert, and to Clemence his sister, both deceased. The matter referred to arbitrators, viz., Henry Vannere on behalf of the said Richard the elder, and William Bramptone, Alderman, on behalf of John Ferne (who had married Margaret, daughter of the aforesaid Robert) and Nicholas, another son of the said Robert. (fn. 3)

Folio cclxxii b.

28 Sept., 4 Henry IV. [A.D. 1403], came Thomas Sibsay and John Halle, sureties of Reginald [Baker], and paid to Stephen Speleman, the Chamberlain, the sum of £12 10s., £10 of which were afterwards delivered to John Symond, "chaundeler," in execution of the will of William Horwode, (fn. 4) and the balance given to the City Conduit.

Folio cclxxiii.

Custod' Thome fil' Joh' is Wayte.

3 March, 15 Richard II. [A.D. 1391-2], sums of money paid by William Pykot, John Wryght, and Anselm Stupultone to Stephen Speleman, the Chamberlain, to the use of Thomas, son of John Wayte, late girdler, a portion of the money having been given by Costancia, mother of the orphan.

Afterwards, viz., on the 9th July, 2 Henry IV. [A.D. 1401], the above money was delivered to William But, mercer, to the use of the said orphan. Sureties, viz., Roger Wryngerworth, mercer, and Robert Savage.

Afterwards, viz., on the 9th March, 9 Henry IV. [A.D. 1407-8], the above Roger delivered the money to John Profyt, the Chamberlain.

Custod' Nich' i filii Joh' is Donat.

6 April, 15 Richard II. [A.D. 1392], a sum of £20 paid by Amy, late wife of John Donat, to Stephen Speleman, the Chamberlain, to the use of Nicholas, son of the said John.

Afterwards, viz., on the 14th Feb., 16 Richard II. [A.D. 1392-3], a sum of £10 delivered by the said Chamberlain to John Edmond, clerk, and John Creek, draper, to the use of the above Nicholas; and on the 27th Nov., 17 Richard II. [A.D. 1393], a further sum of £10 was delivered by the same to John Creek and William Haltone, draper, to the same use.

Custod' Joh' is filn Joh' is Nedham.

3 March, 15 Richard II. [A.D. 1391-2], the guardianship of John, son of John Nedham, together with a sum of £100 and cups of silver and mazer, committed by John Hende, the Mayor, and Stephen Speleman, the Chamberlain, to Thomas Alleye, grocer. Sureties, viz., John Norwich, grocer, and Thomas Broun, "wollemongere."

Afterwards, viz., on the 5th March, 17 Richard II. [A.D. 1393-4], the above orphan as well as his sister Emma being dead, their property was devoted to chantries in the church of St. Dunstan "Est," pursuant to the will of John Nedham, the father.

Folio cclxxiii b.

Constitucio Baldewini de Radyngtone militis in Custodem London'.

Letters patent to the effect that the liberties of the City having been seized into the King's hand by due process, he had appointed Sir Baldewin de Radyngtone to be Warden of the City. (fn. 5) Witness the King at the Castle of Wyndesore, 22 July, 16 Richard II. [A.D. 1392].

Constitucio ejusdem Baldewini in Escaetorem London'.

Letters patent appointing the same to be the King's Escheator in the City Witness the King at the Castle of Wyndesore, 22 July, 16 Richard II. [A.D. 1392].

Constitucio Gilb' ti Maufeld et Thome Neutone in vicecomites London'.

Letters patent appointing Gilbert Maufeld and Thomas de Neutone to be Sheriffs of London. Witness the King at the Castle of Wyndesore, 22 July, 16 Richard II. [A.D. 1392].

Ric' us Skynnere taillour restitutus est ad lib' tatem Civitatis London'.

8 Oct., 16 Richard II. [A.D. 1392], came Richard Skynnere, "taillour" (who had forfeited his freedom by absenting himself from the City), before Baldewyn Radyngtone, the Warden of the City, and the Aldermen, and asked to be restored. His prayer granted on payment of 40s. to Stephen Speleman, the Chamberlain.

Folio cclxxiv.

Manucapcio et delib' acio Joh' is Shadworth et Henr' Vannere a prisona.

23 July, 16 Richard II. [A.D. 1392], William Venour, Adam Bamme, William More, "vynter," and John Loveye appeared before the King and his Council in his Chancery at Wyndesore and became sureties for the appearance of John Shadeworth and Henry Vanner, who were under arrest by the King's orders, in the sum of 1,000 (pounds or marks?), (fn. 6) and thereupon the King gave orders for their release.

Manucapcio et delib' acio Joh' is Hende a prisona.

24 July, the same year, Arnald Savage, Baldewin Radingtone, and John Stanle, Knights, and John Orwelle, appeared before the King in his Chancery at Wyndesore and became sureties for the appearance of John Hende, a prisoner under arrest by the King's orders, in the sum of £2,000, and thereupon the King gave orders for his release.

Be it remembered that the above sureties were not carried into execution, inasmuch as on the 19th Sept., 16 Richard II. [A.D. 1392], the King granted a full pardon to the said John Hende, John Shadworth, Henry Vanner, and other citizens (fn. 7) for all offences charged against them before the Council at Notyngham Castle on the morrow of St. John Bapt [24 June].

L' ra de privato sigillo ad solvend' costagia Edwardi Dalyngrigge milit' et Baldewini Radyngtone militis pro tempore quo forent Custod' London'.

Writ of Privy Seal to the Sheriffs, Aldermen, and Commons of the City for the payment of reasonable expenses incurred by Sir Edward Dalyngrigge and Sir Baldwin Radyngton respectively whilst Warden of the City. Dated at the Castle of Wyndesore, 24 July, 16 Richard II. [A.D. 1392].

Folio cclxxiv b.

Confirmacio carte fr' nitatis Cissor' London'.

Inspeximus charter of the Tailors and Linen-Armourers of London, allowing them (inter alia) to elect a Master and four Wardens as often as they pleased for the government of the Fraternity. Witness the King at Notyngham, 30 July, 14 Richard II. [A.D. 1390]. (fn. 8)

Br' e inde direct' Custodi Aldr' is et vice' b' ne molestent predictos Cissores.

Writ to the Warden, Aldermen, and Sheriffs that they allow the above Tailors and Linen-Armourers to enjoy their guild and customs according to the terms of the above charter. Witness the King at Oxford, 27 Sept., 16 Richard II. [A.D. 1392].

Folio cclxxv.

L' ra de privato sigillo q' d cives London' eligant vic' suos prout antiquitusuti solebant.

Writ of Privy Seal to the Warden, Aldermen, and good folk of the City permitting them to elect suitable persons on the Feast of St. Matthew [21 Sept.] next to be Sheriffs of the City and for the county of Middlesex, (fn. 9) according to ancient custom. Dated at the King's Manor of Wodestok, 17 Sept., 16 Richard II. [A.D. 1392].

Solucio £x Joh' ne "Marcschall."

14 Oct., 16 Richard II. [A.D. 1392], came Richard Astone and Johanna (née "Maschall") his wife before Baldewin Radyngtone, Knt., the Warden of the City, and the Aldermen, and prayed that the sum of £10 which the said Johanna had recovered at law from Napolin Spinalla, a Lombard, when she was a minor, and which had been placed in the custody of Richard Odyham, the Chamberlain, might be given up to them Their prayer granted.

Br' e ad delib' - and' Joh' i Spencer custodiam co' is trabis et balancie London'.

Writ to the Warden of the City and the King's Escheator bidding him to deliver to John Spencer the custody of the Common Beam (communis trabis) and Balance hanging in a certain house called " la Herber," (fn. 10) in Walbroke: to hold the same for life. Witness the King at Shene, 27 August, 16 Richard II. [A.D. 1392].

Idem br' e.

Writ to the Sheriffs to similar effect. Same date.

Br' e de supersedendo inde.

Writ of supersedeas to the Warden, Sheriffs, and Aldermen touching the delivery of the Common Beam and Balance aforesaid until further notice. Witness the King at Wodestoke, 25 Sept., 16 Richard II. [A.D. 1392].

Br' e ad lib' - and' Matheo Swetenham et Will' o Hert officium Skawagii in portu London'.

Writ to the Warden of the City and the King's Escheator bidding them admit Matthew Swetenham and William Hert, valets of the King's Chamber, to the office of Scavage (fn. 11) (officium Skawagii) in the Port of the City. Witness the King at Shene, 29 Aug., 16 Richard II. [A.D. 1392].

Folio cclxxv b.

Commissio officii Scawagii.

Writ of supersedeas to the Warden of the City, the Sheriffs, and Aldermen touching the above. Witness the King at Wodestoke, 25 Sept., 16 Richard II. [A.D. 1392].

Eleccio vic'.

Saturday the Feast of St. Matthew [21 Sept.], 16 Richard II. [A.D. 1392], in the presence of Baldewyn Radyngtone, Knt., Warden of the City, William Makenade, the Recorder, Gilbert Maghfeld and Thomas Neutone, the Sheriffs, John Fresshe, John Shadworth, Henry Vannere, William Staundone, William Baret, John Loveye, John Walcote, Adam Karlille, William Sheryngham, Thomas Wilford, William Cressewyk, John Fraunceys, Thomas Vyvent, Drew Barentyn, William Bramptone, William Olyver, and Henry Bamme, Aldermen, and very many Commoners of all the Wards summoned to the Guildhall for the election of Sheriffs, the said Warden elected the aforesaid Gilbert Maghfeld and the Commonalty elected the aforesaid Thomas Neutone to be Sheriffs for the year ensuing.

Auditores.

In the same congregation William Baret and William Shiryngham, Aldermen, were elected auditors of the accounts of the Chamberlain and Wardens of London Bridge by the aforesaid Warden of the City and Aldermen, and John Ragenhulle, Robert Dane, John Estone, draper, and John Wakelee by the Commonalty.

On Saturday the eve of St. Michael [29 Sept.] the said Sheriffs were sworn at the Guildhall, and on the morrow of St. Michael were presented before the lieutenant of the Constable of the Tower beyond the outer gate (extra exteriorem portam) of the said Tower.

Br'e de audiend' et terminando.

Writ to Thomas, Earl of Kent, Constable of the Tower, or his lieutenant, that he cause William Venour, late Mayor, John Walcote and John Loveye, late Sheriffs, William Baret, Nicholas Extone, William Bramptone, William Wottone, John Hende, William Olyver, William More, John Fresshe, Thomas Welford, William Venour [sic], John Fraunceys, Henry Vannere, John Loveye, William Shiryngham, Adam Bamme, John Shadworth, Henry Bamme, Adam Chaungeour, (fn. 12) John Pynchoun, Thomas Austyn, Thomas Vyvent, John Hadle, Adam Karlille, and the Prior of "Crichirche," late Aldermen, and John Hende, late Mayor, John Shadworth and Henry Vannere, late Sheriffs, John Hadle, William Venour, Adam Bamme, William Baret, John Fresshe, William More, John Lovey, Adam Karlille, Thomas Vyvent, John Fraunceys, William Shiryngham, Henry Bamme, Robert de Excestre, Prior of the Church of Holy Trinity, Thomas Wilford, Drew Barentyn, William Olyver, William Wottone, Adam de St. Ive, Gilbert "Maugfeld," William Bramptone, and Thomas "Newentone," the present Aldermen, to appear at Eton near Wyndesore on Thursday before the Feast of St. Margaret [20 July] to answer for their conduct before Edmund, Duke of York, and his fellow-justices appointed to hear and determine all errors and defaults in the government of the City Witness Edmund, Duke of York, at Aylesbury, 13 July, 16 Richard II. [A.D. 1392]. (fn. 13)

Folio cclxxvi.

Eleccio Maioris.

Sunday the Feast of Translation of St. Edward [13 Oct.], in the presence of Baldewin Radyngtone, Knt., Warden of the City, the Prior of Christchurch, Adam Bamme, William Staundone, John Fresshe, John Shadworth, Henry Vannere, William Baret, Thomas "Neutone," [and] Gilbert Maghfeld, the Sheriffs, John Loveye, John Walcote, Adam Karlille, William Sheryngham, Thomas Wilford, William Cressewyk, John Fraunceys, Drew Barentyn, William Bramptone, William Olyver, Thomas Vyvent, Henry Bamme, and Adam St. Ive, Aldermen, and an immense Commonalty, summoned for the election of a Mayor for the year ensuing, William Staundone was elected.

Afterwards, viz., on the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.], he was sworn in the Guildhall. On the morrow he was presented and sworn before the lieutenant of the Constable of the Tower beyond the outer gate of the Tower, but on the following day, the King being at Westminster, he was presented to the King by all the Aldermen and very many Commoners, and was by him accepted and admitted.

Whereas Thomas Albon, late woolmonger, made certain bequests to John and Elizabeth, his bastard son and daughter, with remainders to John, his legitimate son, and Alice, his daughter, wife of Nicholas Hotot; and whereas John, the bastard son, had died, whereby his portion devolved on Elizabeth aforesaid, the said portion was delivered to Stephen Speleman, the Chamberlain, in trust for her, by Edmund Halstede, one of the executors of Thomas Albon, on the 25th Oct., 16 Richard II. [A.D. 1392].

Afterwards, divers disputes having arisen between the said executor and John, the legitimate son, they were referred to arbitration, John Hadle and William More being appointed on behalf of the said Edmund, and William Bramptone and Master Nicholas Stuket on behalf of the said John.

On the 20th Nov, 21 Richard II. [A.D. 1397], came Thomas Christofre, a valet of the lord the King, and husband of the above Elizabeth, and received from the Chamberlain his wife's portion.

Writ for the election of four citizens to attend a Parliament to be held at Winchester in the octave of St. Hilary [13 Jan.] next. (fn. 14) No Sheriff to be returned. Witness the King at York, 23 Nov., 16 Richard II. [A.D. 1392]. (fn. 15)

Ormesby co' is venator.

Monday the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.], 16 Richard II. [A.D. 1392], in a full congregation of the Mayor, Aldermen, and an immense Commonalty, it was agreed that James Ormesby, esquire, should exercise the office of Common Hunt of the City, hunting and fishing in the customary places, and receiving from the Chamberlain £10 and a livery like that of a Serjeant of the Chamber annually. (fn. 16)

Folio cclxxvi b.

Masters of Misteries sworn.

Writers of Court-letter: John Cosser, Martin Seman, sworn to rule the mistery, report defects, &c., 17 May, 15 Richard II. [A.D. 1392].

Shethers: Simon Wormetone, Henry Richemond, similarly sworn 18 May, the same year.

Surgeons: Thomas Stodeley......similarly sworn 7 May, the same year.

Cutlers: Edmund Wodehulle, Richard Dyne, William Latham, John Hyde, similarly sworn 9 August, 16 Richard II. [A.D. 1392].

Skinners: Thomas Polhill, Thomas Kent, Robert Mildenhale, Thomas Rose, similarly sworn 6 Sept., the same year.

Shearmen: John Cloptone, Simon Umfray, Richard Femmotte, Robert Folvile, similarly sworn 2 Oct., the same year.

Tapicers: Richard Attewelle, John Ricolf, Walter Shank, Edmund Attewode, similarly sworn 8 Oct., the same year.

Girdlers: William Bon Johan, Thomas atte Hache, Thomas Adam, similarly sworn 24 Oct., the same year.

Black Smiths (Nigri Fabri): Roger Godesfast, Adam Rande, similarly sworn 30 Oct., the same year.

Cordwainers: Robert Chesterford, Nicholas Loseye, John Lyndeseye, John Lillyngstone, similarly sworn 30 Oct., the same year.

English Weavers: Richard atte Sole, John Scot, similarly sworn 15 Nov., the same year.

Foreign Weavers: John Sevarne of Flanders, Peter Braghen of Brabant, similarly sworn 12 Nov., the same year.

Fullers: John Holbeche, John Crokeslee, similarly sworn 14 Oct., the same year.

Piebakers: William Pigeoun, John Fox, William Kirkeby, Walter Spencer, similarly sworn 6 Nov., the same year.

Pynners: John Daventre, Robert Laundene, similarly sworn 6 Dec., the same year.

Foundours: Thomas Page, John Cappe, similarly sworn 6 Jan., 16 Richard II. [A.D. 1392-3].

Dyers: John Kirkeby, Robert Fraunkeleyn, similarly sworn 8 Jan., the same year.

Bowyers: John Hillary, John Prestwyke, similarly sworn 15 Jan., the same year.

Horners (Cornuarii): William Sonneman, Henry Payn, similarly sworn 23 Jan., the same year.

"Fuystours": Henry Payn, William Neel, similarly sworn 27 Jan., the same year.

"Limners": John Bynle, William Hawethorn, similarly sworn 2 April, 16 Richard II. [A.D. 1393].

Folio cclxxvii.

Br' e ad procedend' ad judicium inter Isabellam Lyouns et Gilb' tum Bonet.

Writ to the Mayor and Aldermen bidding them deliver judgment without further delay in a plaint brought by Isabella, late wife of Richard Lyons, against Gilbert Bonet, John Warde, and Thomas Medelan, executors of the said Richard, for the sum of 5,000 marks, as her reasonable part (fn. 17) of her late husband's goods. Witness the King at Westminster, 8 Dec., 16 Richard II. [A.D. 1392].

Return made to the above to the effect that the Mayor and Aldermen were not yet sufficiently advised, owing to a difficulty of the matter on record, (fn. 18) but as soon as they were more fully advised they would proceed to judgment with all speed.

Br' e inteosdem.

Another writ to the same, to similar effect. Witness the King at Westminster, 12 Jan., 16 Richard II. [A.D. 1392-3].

Return made to similar effect as the former.

Br' e pro comp' reddend' in Scaccario.

Writ to the Mayor to make proclamation for outstanding tallies, &c., to be returned into the Exchequer, as a day had been fixed for Henry Vannere and John Shaddeworth, the late Sheriffs, and Gilbert Maghfeld and Thomas Newtone, the present Sheriffs, to render their accounts. Witness J. Cassy at York, 7 Oct., 16 Richard II. [A.D. 1392].

Return to the effect that proclamation had been duly made.

Folio cclxxvii b.

Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs bidding them deliver Friar Robert Durham, an apostate from the Order of Friars Minors, and on that account committed to prison, to Friar Robert Hyndone, the Warden of the Friars Minors of the City, to be punished according to the rule of the Order. Witness the King at Winchester, 3 Feb., 16 Richard II. [A.D. 1392-3].

Custodia filior' Joh' is Osse, Bruer.

Monday, 10 Feb., 16 Richard II. [A.D. 1392-3], the guardianship of Thomas and John, sons of John Osse, "bruer," together with the sum of 20 marks, committed by William Staundone, the Mayor, and Stephen Speleman, the Chamberlain, to Thomas Duffhous, fishmonger, who had married Avice, mother of the orphans. Sureties, viz., John Clerk, "pulter," and John Sevesterre, "bruer."

Afterwards, the said John having died, his portion went to the aforesaid Avice.

Acquictancia Steph' i Speleman Cam' arii.

Deed of acquittance from William Staundone, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and rest of the citizens, to Stephen Speleman, the Chamberlain, on his accounts for one year from Michaelmas, 15 Richard II. Dated the morrow of All Saints [1 Nov.], 16 Richard II. [A.D. 1392].

Exon' acio Ric' i Spensercissor'.

27 Feb., 16 Richard II. [A.D. 1392-3], Richard Spenser, tailor, discharged by William Staundone, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, from serving on juries, &c., owing to increasing age.

Folio ccl xviii.

Precept to the Aldermen that they summon the good folk of their several Wards to elect an Alderman, regardless of his having been already an Alderman, and to return the names of those so elected to the Guildhall by Tuesday before the Feast of St. Gregory [12 March] next. Dated 8 March [A.D. 1392-3].

Recogniciones.

18 Oct., 16 Richard II. [A.D. 1392], came William Staundone, Adam Bamme, John Shadworth, Gilbert Maghfeld, Thomas Newtone, John Fraunceys, Henry Vannere, William Shyryngham, Drew Barentyn, William Bramptone, and William Olyver into the Chamber of the Guildhall, before Baldewyn Radyngtone, Knt., Warden of the City, and the Aldermen, and bound themselves severally to pay to Stephen Speleman, the Chamberlain, the sum of 100s. on the Feast of St. Andrew [30 Nov.] next.

Recognicio diversor' Aldr' or' facta Steph' o Speleman.

22 Oct., 16 Richard II. [A.D. 1392], came William Staundone, Adam Bamme, Henry Vannere, John Shadworth, John Fresshe, William Baret, John Walcote, Gilbert Maghfeld, Thomas Newtone, John Loveye, William Shiryngham, Adam Karlille, John Fraunceys, William Bramptone, and Henry Bamme into the said Chamber before the same, and bound themselves severally to pay to Stephen Speleman, the Chamberlain, the sum of £11 6s. 8d. on the said Feast of St. Andrew.

Exon acio Joh' is Symond.

12 March, 16 Richard II. [A.D. 1392-3], John Symond, chandler, discharged by William Staundone, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, from serving on juries, &c., owing to increasing age.

Ordinacio de Evynche- pyngges apud Westchepe et Cornhulle.

Ordinance by the Mayor and Aldermen regulating the manner of holding "Evynchepynges" at Westchepe and Cornhulle. (fn. 19)

The above ordinance proclaimed in full market at Westchepe and Cornhulle on Thursday, the 20th March, 16 Richard II. [A.D. 1392-3].

Folio cclxxviii b.

Also it is ordained that no man or woman take a male or female apprentice unless enrolled within the first year of their term, under penalty of losing their apprentice and of a fine at the discretion of the Mayor and Aldermen. (fn. 20)

Tuesday before the Feast of St. Gregory [12 March], 16 Richard II. [A.D. 1392-3], William Thornmanby, of co. York, arrested in the church of the Friars Minors for thieving a baselard from the person of some one attending the interment of John Deveros, late Steward of the King's Household. (fn. 21)

Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs to proclaim ordinances made in the last Parliament at Winchester (fn. 22) to the effect that the laystall or latrine (fimarium sive sterquilinium) on the bank of the Thames near the house of Robert de Parys be removed, and a house be built on its site for the use of butchers, where they may cut up their offal and take it in boats to midstream and cast it into the water at ebb-tide; and further that all filth, &c., on either side of the river between the Palace of Westminster and the Tower be removed before Pentecost next [25 May], and that thenceforth no one cast rubbish or filth into the water under penalty of paying £40 to the King's use, and that they see the said ordinances duly observed. Witness the King at Westminster, 21 Feb., 16 Richard II. [A.D. 1392-3].

De' errore corrigend' apud Sanctum Martinum.

Writ to the Mayor, Aldermen, and Sheriffs to bring up the record of proceedings between John Walpole and John Botlesham, late Keeper of Ludgate Prison, to be heard in error at St. Martin le Grand by Commissioners appointed by the King, viz. : Thomas Percy, William Thirnyng, John Penrose, Richard Sydenham, Edward Dalyngrugge, Lewis Clyfford, Richard Story, Adam Bamme, John Shadworth, and William Shyryngham, or any nine, eight, seven, six, five, four, three, or two of them (William Thirnyng, John Penrose, or Richard Sydenham being one of them). Witness the King at Westminster, 1 March, 16 Richard II. [A.D. 1392-3].

Folio cclxxix.

Mandamus from John Penrose and his fellow-justices to the Mayor, Aldermen, and Sheriffs to bring up the record of the above plaint at St. Martin le Grand on Thursday after the quinzaine of Easter [6 April]. Witness John Penrose at St. Martin, London, Monday in the third week of Lent, 16 Richard II. [A.D. 1392-3].

Returnum br' is predicti.

Return made to the above in common form certifying the custom of the City in such cases. (fn. 23)

Gilbert Maghfeld and Thomas Newtone, the Sheriffs, also certify that they have duly warned John Botelesham by Richard Clare and John Gaytone to appear on the day appointed.

Commissio pro medietate quintedecime levand'.

Letters patent appointing Drew Barentyn, Thomas Welford, Robert Dane, and Thomas Weylond, Commissioners for levying in the City the half-fifteenth and half-tenth granted to the King by the Parliament held at Winchester. (fn. 24) Witness the King at Westminster, 13 March, 16 Richard II. [A.D. 1392-3].

Folio cclxxix b.

Election of Aldermen.

Chepe: William Staundon.

Castlebaynard: William Venour.

Lymstret: Adam Bamme.

Cornhulle: Henry Vannere.

Algate: Adam Carlille.

Tower: William Baret.

Billingesgate: Gilbert Maghfeld.

Langebourne: Thomas Neutone.

Bridge: William Bramptone.

Candelwykstrete: John Walcote.

Dougate: Thomas Knolles.

Vintry: William More.

Cordewanerstrete: John Fresshe.

Bredestrete: William Shiryngham.

Queen Hithe: John Cosyn.

Farndone: John Fraunceys.

Aldrichesgate: Roger Elys.

Crepulgate: John Loveye.

Bassieshawe: John Shadworth.

Colmanstrete: William Evote.

Bisshopesgate: William Parker.

Bradestrete: Richard Whytyngdone.

Walbroke: William Olyver.

22 April, 16 Richard II. [A.D. 1393], John Pountfreyt, saddler, discharged by William Staundone, the Mayor, and the Aldermen from serving on juries, &c., owing to increasing age.

Custodia filior' Joh' is Clenhond.

Recital of proceedings taken to ascertain the amount of property left by John Clenhond (fn. 25) to be divided among his sons John, Thomas, and William. William Symes, executor of the testator, and William Walpole, late servant of the testator, render account before John Walcote and William Bramptone, Aldermen, appointed to examine the matter.

Folio cclxxx.

10 May, 16 Richard II. [A.D. 1393], came the said William Walpole and acknowledged himself indebted to Thomas and William, sons of the said John Clenhond (the son John having died), in the sum of £87 13s. 4d. (fn. 26) Sureties, viz., John Walpole, salter, Thomas Walpole, salter, Richard Frensshe, "ismongere," and John Rotour, "barbour."

Precept to the Aldermen to levy half a fifteenth, granted by the Parliament at Winchester, (fn. 27) in their several Wards. Dated 10 May, 16 Richard II. [A.D. 1393].

Ordinance by the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commons touching the manner to be observed in levying a sum of 5,000 marks in the Wards.

Billa gardemot'.

Precept to the Aldermen to hold their Wardmotes and to report any defaults they may find by inquest in the observance of the ordinance touching the sale of victuals: they are further to inquire if the Butchers observe the ordinance made in the last Parliament touching the casting of offal into the Thames in manner appointed, &c. Dated 12 June, 16 Richard II. [A.D. 1393].

Folios cclxxx b-cclxxxi b.

The Statute of Winchester anno 16 Richard II. [A.D. 1393]. (fn. 28)

Folio cclxxxi b.

Concessio maritagii Kat' ine Kelshulle.

20 June, 16 Richard II. [A.D. 1393], permission granted by William Staundone, the Mayor, to Adam Cove, mercer, to marry Katherine, daughter of William Kelshulle, an orphan.

Afterwards, viz., on the 1st July, 17 Richard II. [A.D. 1393], came Laurence Kelshulle, (fn. 29) chaplain, John Trigge, fishmonger, and Walter Aylewyne, fishmonger, before the Mayor and Aldermen, and agreed to bring in certain money and household goods belonging to the said Katherine by the Feast of St. Peter ad Vincula [1 Aug.]. The goods were delivered on the 20th Aug., and they are quit.

Writ to the Mayor and Aldermen for them to examine a petition (enclosed) presented by John Walpole to the King's Council, and to take proceedings thereon according to the law and custom of the realm and of the City. Witness the King at Westminster, 9 June, 16 Richard II. [A.D. 1393].

Billa Joh' is Walpole.

Petition (referred to supra) of John Walpole to the Duke of Lancaster, to the effect that the petitioner had brought a bill of trespass against John Botlesham, late Keeper of Ludgate Prison, before Nicholas Twyford, then Mayor of London; (fn. 30) that the action had been affirmed by verdict of inquest, and damages assessed at £30; that thereupon great delay had occurred owing to the Mayor and certain Aldermen, who were present in Court, having forbidden William Cheyne, the Recorder, to pronounce judgment without the advice of John Tremayn and William Cressewyk; that, nevertheless, the said William Cheyne had, without consultation, abated the bill for informality, and that his action had been declared void for the reason that judgment lies with the Mayor and Aldermen in all pleas brought before them, and the Recorder has no other authority except to pronounce judgment—the petitioner therefore prays a writ under the Great Seal to the Mayor, Recorder, and Aldermen for a new judgment to be given, &c. [No date.]

De juggement de Joh' n Botlesham.

Monday after the third week of Lent, 13 [Richard II. A.D. 1390], John Hadle and five other Aldermen [not named] and six Commoners [not named] appeared on summons before the Council at Westminster to give evidence touching the above matter. Thereupon Nicholas Twyford, late Mayor, said that John Botlesham found sureties under penalty of £100 to answer the said bills and for the King's peace, and the said Nicholas and the other Aldermen and Commoners declared that John Walpole ought to recover from the said John Botlesham and his sureties the sum of £30. The said John Hadlee and other Aldermen and Commoners declared that as they were not expert in law they had committed the matter to William Cheyne, their Recorder, for him to give judgment thereon according to the usage and custom of the City, with the advice of John Tremayn and William Cressewyk.

On the following Thursday the said William Cressewyk came before the Council and was asked if judgment had been delivered with his advice, and if he had anything to say about the Recorder's record. In reply he said that he had been warned by the Recorder to attend the delivery of judgment, but he did not go, so that judgment was not given by his advice, nor had he anything to say about the record. Afterwards, the said John Tremayn was examined by the Council as to whether judgment had been delivered with his advice, to which he replied that it had not been so delivered, but that the Recorder had spoken to him privately (au part), and had asked him if the bill of John Walpole could be abated, and he had replied that in his opinion it could not well be abated, as a verdict had already been given.

Footnotes

1 Also known as Adam de St. Ive.
2 The two Mayors, Venour and Hende, and the Aldermen above mentioned, had been summoned to appear before the Duke of York and his fellow-justices at "Eton near Windsor" in July (vide infra, p. 386) to answer for their conduct; and feeling, as Walsingham puts it (ii. 210), that matters could only be arranged by payment of money, they had offered, on behalf of the City, to give the King £10,000, and that sum, according to the same authority, was actually paid after the City had recovered its liberties (ii. 211).
3 Vide supra, p. 371.
4 Vide supra, p. 365.
5 According to Stow ('Annales,' p. 482) Radington's appointment as Warden of the City was due to the previous Warden (Dalingregge) having favoured the Londoners. Higden remarks on the substitution of Radington for Dalingregge that the former executed the office satis rigide (ix. 274).
6 The amount is given both as mille marcorum and mille librarum.
7 Referring to the letters patent recorded supra, pp. 380-1.
8 Both the charter and the writ that follows are recorded in the Husting for Pleas of Land held on Monday after the Translation of St. Edward [13 Oct.], 16 Richard II. [A.D. 1392]. Hust. Roll 121 (1) (2).
9 Pur estre viscountes dicelle et pur le Counte de Midd'.
10 Vide supra, p. 349, note.
11 Vide supra, p. 351, note.
12 Otherwise Adam de St. Ive.
13 See note supra, p. 381.
14 Sat from 20 Jan. to 10 Feb., 1393.
15 No return appears to be recorded.
16 Cf. supra, pp. 121-2.
17 By the custom of the City a widow of a freeman without children could claim one-half of her late husband's personal estate. This was known as her reasonable part or "legitim," and could be recovered by a writ de rationabili parte bonorum.
18 It appears that in 1388 Isabella had claimed 1,500 marks, being one-half of her late husband's goods, but had failed to obtain them, as there was evidence to show that she and her husband had been divorced. 'Pleas and Memoranda,' Roll A 29, membr. 3 and 4; Roll A 31, membr. 2.
19 Set out in ' Memorials,' pp. 532-3. The class of traders known as "fripperers" were in the habit of selling old clothes and other wares in Westchepe and Cornhill after nightfall, contrary to the City custom. See Introd., 'Cal. Letter-Book E,' pp. vii, viii. Cf. 'Cal. Letter-Book G,' p. 248.
20 See ordinance of 1300—'Cal. Letter-Book C,' p. 78; Introduction, 'Cal. Letter-Book D,' pp. ix, x.
21 'Memorials,' pp. 531-2.
22 ' Rot. Parl.,' iii. 306.
23 See ' Cal. Letter-Book F,' p. 90.
24 Sat from 20 Jan. to 10 Feb., 1393. 'Rot. Parl.,' iii. 301.
25 His will, dated 14 June, 1390, proved and enrolled in the Husting in June, 1393. 'Cal. of Wills,' ii. 300.
26 At the bottom of the folio there are recorded various payments made by William Walpole from time to time.
27 Vide supra, p. 393n.
28 'Statutes at Large' (ed. 1758), i. 417-21. Its chief provision was one of Præmunire, imposing forfeiture of goods as the penalty for obtaining Bulls and other instruments from Rome. It also reimposed restrictions upon merchant strangers trading by retail among themselves.
29 A brother of William Kelshulle. See the latter's will, proved and enrolled in the Husting in Oct., 1384. 'Cal. of Wills,' ii. 244.
30 1388-9. Proceedings in respect of this and other bills against Botlesham (or "Bodesham") are set out in 'Pleas and Mem.,' Roll A 29, m. 7-9, 14, 14 b.