Letters patent appointing William Olyvere, Thomas Welford,
William Sheryngham, Thomas Rolf, John Pountfreyt, and
William Radewell commissioners for levying in the City the
tenth and fifteenth granted by the last Parliament. Witness
Edmund, Duke of York, Warden of England, at Westminster,
12 March, 18 Richard II. [A.D. 1394-5].
Exon'acio Thome Pynnore pictoris ab assisis.
26 June, 19 Richard II. [A.D. 1395], Thomas Pynnore, citizen
and painter, discharged by John Fresshe, the Mayor, and the
Aldermen, from serving on juries, &c., owing to increasing age.
Folio ccci b.
Bille misse Aldr'is ad assidend' unam di' xvam.
Precept to the Aldermen to levy half a fifteenth in their
several Wards, and to send the money to the Guildhall by
the morrow of the Ascension [20 May]. Dated 16 April
Statutum de errorib' in London'.
Statute 17 Richard II. cap. xii. [A.D. 1394], (fn. 1) explaining that
cap. x. of Statute 28 Edward III. [A.D. 1354], touching the
correction of errors, defaults, and misprisions by the Mayor,
Sheriffs, and Aldermen, under penalty in case of default in so
doing, was not to apply to any erroneous judgment given or to
be given by them.
Exon'acio Hugonis Wynlebourne abassisis.
12 May, 18 Richard II. [A.D. 1395], Hugh Wynkebourne,
brewer, discharged by John Fresshe, the Mayor, and Aldermen,
from serving on juries, &c., owing to increasing age.
Admissio Will i Titler' et Terry Dripstein in lib'tatem de Brouderers.
2 April, 18 Richard II. [A.D. 1395], came William Tillere and
Terry Drypsteyn, a foreigner, "brouderers," before John
Fresshe, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and the Chamberlain, and
prayed that they might be admitted into the Mistery of
Brouderers, although they had previously been admitted
(through ignorance of the custom of the City) into the Mistery
of Tailors. Their prayer granted. Thereupon the Chamberlain
was ordered to admit them to the freedom of the City by surety
of good men of the Mistery of Brouderers, and they paid for
their fine £3.
Delib'acio cs. Joh'i Bisshope pertinent' Walt'o Brunneorph'o.
20 June, 18 Richard II. [A.D. 1395], the sum of 100s. delivered
by Stephen Speleman, the Chamberlain, with the consent of
John Fresshe, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, to John Bisshope,
junior, goldbeater (aurimalliator); the said sum having been
bequeathed by Emma Yonge to Walter Brunne, an apprentice
of the said John, and delivered to the said Chamberlain by
Edmund Wyntere, her executor. Sureties for the said John,
viz., Thomas Haye, goldsmith, and John Hygyn, "fynour."
Afterwards, viz., on the 26th May, 1 Henry IV. [A.D. 1400],
came the above Walter, now of full age, and acknowledged he
had received the said sum of 100s. from the said John Bisshope.
Exon'acio Ric'i Westone aur' ab assis'.
26 July, 19 Richard II. [A.D. 1395], Richard Westone, goldsmith, discharged by John Fresshe, the Mayor, and the
Aldermen, from serving on juries, &c., owing to increasing age.
Exon'acio Barth'i Castre ab assis'.
The same day Bartholomew Castre, goldsmith, similarly
discharged for like cause.
Br'e deadmit tendo Joh'em Michell in officio subcoronatoris.
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs to admit John Michell to act
as deputy-coroner in the City for Thomas Brounflete, the King's
Chief Butler, to whom the office of Coroner in the City
appertains. Witness the King at Eltham, 26 July, 19 Richard II.
Ordinacio de Wyndrawers.
Ordinance regulating charges to be made by Wyndrawers of
the City for carriage of wine to divers parts. (fn. 2)
Folio cccii b.
Custodia pue ror' Will'i Wyght.
1 Sept., 19 Richard II. [A.D. 1395], the guardianship of Agnes,
Margaret, Beatrix, Alice, and of Nicholas, John, William, and
Richard, children of William Wyght, late "stokfisshmongere,"
together with their patrimony, committed by John Fresshe, the
Mayor, and Stephen Speleman, the Chamberlain, to William
Askham, "stokfisshmongere," who had married their mother
Sureties, viz., Richard Radewelle, "stokfisshmongere," and
William Kelshulle, otherwise called "Convers," fishmonger.
Afterwards, viz., on the 1st Feb., 21 Richard II. [A.D. 1397-8],
came Thomas Wottone, draper, who had married the above
Agnes, and acknowledged satisfaction for his wife's portion.
Folio ccciii b.
Afterwards, viz., on the 18th Jan., 22 Richard II. [A.D. 1398-9],
came Richard Abell, fishmonger, who had married the above
Margaret, and did likewise.
Afterwards, viz., on the 14th March, 5 Henry IV. [A.D. 1403-4],
came John Elys, mercer, who had married the above Beatrix,
and did likewise.
Folio cccii b.
Ordinacio facta pro Coupers.
6 April, 19 Richard II. [A.D. 1396], certain ordinances for the
regulation of the Mistery of "Coupers" submitted to the Mayor
and Aldermen, and approved. (fn. 3)
Custodia Joh'is filii Rob'ti Conyngesburgh.
20 Nov., 18 Richard II. [A.D. 1394], certain shops, &c., in
the parishes of St. Michael le Quern and St. Vedast, committed
to Thomas Extone, goldsmith, in trust for John, son of Robert
"Conisburgh" and Alesia his wife Sureties, viz., Roger Elys,
Alderman, and Robert Bussheye.
Custodia Alicie filie Will'i Potenham.
18 Sept., 19 Richard II. [A.D. 1395], the guardianship of
Alice, daughter of William Potenham, late girdler, and of Alice
his wife, also deceased, committed by John Fresshe, the Mayor,
the Aldermen, and Stephen Speleman, the Chamberlain, to
Peter atte Hethe, armourer. Sureties, viz., Hugh Talbot, tailor,
William Belhomme, "letherseller," William Horstone, draper,
John Sylham, peautrer, Robert Betoigne, goldsmith, and William
Tuesday the Feast of St. Matthew [21 Sept.], 19 Richard II.
[A.D. 1395], in the presence of John Fresshe, the Mayor, John
Cokayn, the Recorder, John Hadle, Adam Bamme, William Staundone, William Bramptone, and Thomas Knolles,
Sheriffs, Gilbert Maghfeld, Drew Barantyn, Thomas Neutone,
John Wade, William Shiryngham, and William Evote, Aldermen,
and very many Commoners summoned for the election of
Sheriffs at the Guildhall, Roger Elys was elected Sheriff by
the Mayor for the year ensuing, and William Shiryngham by
Afterwards, viz., on Tuesday the eve of St. Michael [29 Sept.],
the said Sheriffs were sworn at the Guildhall, and on the
following Thursday were presented before the Barons of the
Eleccio auditor' compoti Cam'arii et custodum pont' London'.
Tuesday the Feast of St. Matthew [21 Sept.] aforesaid,
Thomas Neutone and Thomas Knolles, Aldermen, Thomas
Weyland, John Trigge, John Cosyn, and William Marcheford,
Commoners, elected auditors of the accounts of the Chamberlain and Wardens of London Bridge.
Concordia int' allutarios et Cobelers in London'.
14 Aug., A D 1395, indenture of agreement made between
workers with new leather called "Cordewaners," and workers
with old leather called "Cobelers." (fn. 4)
Folio ccciv b.
Acquietanc' fact' mercatorib' de Amyas Corby et Neele.
Acquittance by John Fresshe, the Mayor, for 25 marks
received from William Godard, merchant of "Amiens," part of
the annual rent of 50 marks payable to the City by the merchants
of Amiens, Corbie, and Neele. Dated 1 Oct., A D 1395.
12 Dec., 6 Henry IV. [A.D. 1404], account rendered by
Thomas Extone, goldsmith, before Robert Chichely and Henry
Pountfreyt, Aldermen, Stephen Speleman and William Marcheford, Commoners, and John Proffyt, the Chamberlain, of the
property of John, son of Robert "Conyngesburgh," an orphan,
of whom he had been appointed guardian, supra, fo. ccciii.
Exon'acio bonor' pertinent fil' Joh'is Adam.
2 March, 7 Henry IV. [A.D. 1405-6], the executors of John
Langhorn, "brasier," one of the sureties of Simon Valet,
draper, guardian of Henry, son of John Adam, brewer, and
Robert Chesterford, cordwainer, tenant of lands belonging to
Henry Duraunt, "barbour," another surety of the same as appears
supra, fo. ccxcix [b], and also Stephen Speleman, late Chamberlain, delivered to John Proffyt, the Chamberlain, the property
belonging to the said orphan, who was now of full age and
received the same.
Afterwards, viz., on the 8th Feb., 11 Henry IV. [A.D. 1409-10],
came the aforesaid executors of John Langhorne and delivered
certain property to John Longe, "coupere," who had married
Matilda, daughter of the above John Adam.
[Fos. cccv-cccv b blank.]
Wednesday the Feast of Translation of St. Edward [13 Oct.],
19 Richard II. [A.D. 1395], in the presence of John Fresshe,
the Mayor, John Cokayn, the Recorder, John Hadlee, Adam
Bamme, William Staundone, John Walcote, John Shadworth,
John Fraunceys, Gilbert Maghfeld, Richard Whityngtone, Drew
Barentyn, Thomas Welford, William Shiryngham, William Parker, William Olyver, Roger Elys, William Bramptone, Thomas
Knolles, and William Evote, Aldermen, and the aforesaid
Roger Elys and William Shiryngham, the Sheriffs, and an
immense Commonalty summoned for the election of a Mayor
for the year ensuing, William More was elected Mayor.
Afterwards, viz., on the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.],
he was sworn in the Guildhall, and on the morrow was
presented, admitted, and sworn before the Barons of the
Folio cccvi b.
Recia vocat' Tiyinkes combusta in Chepa.
Wednesday after the Feast of Conversion of St. Paul
[25 Jan.], 19 Richard II. [A.D. 1395-6], Alexander Bonere, "subconservator" of the waters of the Thames and Medewaye, by
appointment of the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty, brought
to the Guildhall certain nets called "Treinkes" of unlawful
size belonging to William Serle of Erhithe, John May, William
Segood, junior, John Sampson, senior, Roger Torold, Benedict
Lorkyn, William Segood, senior, John Bacerell, John Cam,
Thomas Pesok, Richard Segood, and Benedict Kent of the
same place, William Taillour and John Swift of Wolwiche,
and Thomas Grym of Portflete. Thereupon the said nets were
examined by Hugh Ledrede, Roger Wade, John Hille, John
Wynetone, Thomas Welles, Walter Ayllewyn, and John
Warde, fishmongers, according to the custom of the City, and
being found to be false were ordered to be burnt in Chepe near
the "Standard." (fn. 5)
The same day two other nets belonging to John Sampson
of Erhithe and John Trymcok of Prattisferye were found of
reasonable size, and were restored to the owners.
Custodia Margerie filie Henrici de Cantebrigge.
3 Nov., 19 Richard II. [A.D. 1395], the guardianship of
Margery, daughter of Henry de Cantebrigge, late merchant,
together with a tenement in the parish of St. Christopher,
London, committed to Master William de Cavendisshe, Rector
of the parish church of Borlee, (fn. 6) in the diocese of London,
by William More, the Mayor, and Stephen Speleman, the
Chamberlain. Sureties, viz., Hugh Sprot, merchant, and
Master John Kateryntone.
Afterwards, viz., on the 11th July, 21 Richard II. [A.D. 1397],
permission was given by Richard Whytyngtone, the Mayor, and
the Aldermen for Thomas Lancastre, esquire of the King, to
marry the above Margery.
Exon'acio Walt i Wyght cissoris.
17 Nov., 19 Richard II. [A.D. 1395], Walter Wyght, tailor,
discharged by William More, the Mayor, and Aldermen from
serving on juries, &c., owing to increasing age.
Comissio pro gaola de Neuegate delib and'.
Letters patent appointing William More, the Mayor, Walter
Cloptone, John Cassy, William Thirnynge, John Hille, Walter
Rikhille, and John Cokayn, or any six, five, four, three, or two
(the Mayor being one), to be Commissioners for gaol-delivery
of Newegate. Witness the King at Westminster, 8 Dec.,
19 Richard II. [A.D. 1395].
Exon'acio Will'i Bealhomme letherseller.
1 Dec., 19 Richard II. [A.D. 1395], William Bealhomme,
"letherseller," discharged by William More, the Mayor, and
the Aldermen from serving on juries, &c., owing to increasing
Exon'acio Will'i Middelton cissoris.
11 Feb., 19 Richard II. [A.D. 1395-6], William Middelton,
tailor, similarly discharged for like cause.
Exon'acio Rob'ti Brysly conarii.
The same day Robert Brysty, girdler, similarly discharged
for like cause.
Exon'acio Joh'nis atte Mylle merceri.
23 Feb., 19 Richard II. [A.D. 1395-6], John atte Mylle,
mercer, similarly discharged for like cause.
Exon'acio Johannis Goldrynge talghchaundeler.
1 March, 19 Richard II. [A.D. 1395-6], John Goldrynge,
"talghchaundeler," similarly discharged for like cause.
Exon'acio Will'i Larke peyntour.
The same day William Larke, "peyntour," similarly discharged for like cause.
Folio cccvii b.
L're d'ni pape Maiori et co'itati misse.
Letter from Pope Boniface [IX.] to the Mayor, Sheriffs, and
Commonalty exhorting them to urge the King to act according
to the Pope's wishes as expressed in the letter which follows.
Dated at St. Peter's at Rome xv Kal. Nov. [18 Oct.], the sixth
year of his Pontificate [A.D. 1396].
L're d'ni Pape Regi Ric'o misse.
Letter from the same to the King of England exhorting him
to suppress the crafty and daring sect who call themselves the
poor men of Christ's treasury and of His disciples, but whom
the common people designate by the better title of "Lolards,"
as being dry tares (lolium aridum)—men subversive of all
ecclesiastical authority—and to extinguish the baneful torch
that had first been kindled under his protection (presidentia). (fn. 7)
Dated at St. Peter's at Rome, xv Kal. Oct. [17 Sept.], the sixth
year of his Pontificate [A.D. 1396].
Adnuillacio indictamentor' et judicior' erga Joh'em More ante hec editor'.
15 Jan., 18 Richard II. [A.D. 1394-5], recital of the various
proceedings taken against John More, and declaration by the
Mayor and Aldermen, with the consent of the Common Council,
to the effect that all judgments passed upon him are void, and
that he is restored to the liberties of the City. (fn. 8)
Adnullacio indictamentor'et judicior' versus Ric'm Norbury prius redditor'.
The same day a similar recital and declaration made with
respect to Richard Norbury.
Folio cccviii b.
Acquietanc' mercator' Damyas Corby et Neel.
Acquittance under the seal of the Mayoralty by William
More, the Mayor, to Piers Waynat, Giles de Wayly, and
Jaques Clabowd, merchants of Amyens, for 25 marks, being
part of the annual payment of 50 marks to the City from the
merchants of Amyens, Corbie, and Neele. Dated 10 April,
Custodia filiar' Thome Fyndone.
27 March, 19 Richard II. [A.D. 1396], the guardianship of
Johanna and Matilda, daughters of Thomas Fyndone, late
goldsmith, together with their patrimony, committed to John
Bisshop, goldbeater (aurimalliator), who had married their
mother, by William More, the Mayor, and Stephen Speleman,
the Chamberlain. Sureties, viz., William Larke, "peyntour,"
William atte Stone, "Tolleser," John Aumeneys, "fynour,"
Richard de Kent, "Tolleser," and Richard Kymbell, tanner.
Afterwards, viz., on the 3rd March, 3 Henry IV. [A.D. 1401-2],
the above orphans having died unmarried, their property was
delivered to the said John Bisshop and Elizabeth their mother,
according to the will of Thomas Fyndone, the executors of
whom were John Bedeford and John Mount.
Judicium redditum pro Scawagio.
8 March, 19 Richard II. [A.D. 1395-6], came Thobias
Lomellyn, Edward Sigalle, Thomas Syba, Frank Vynald, and
Paul Spynula, merchants of Janua, (fn. 9) before William More,
the Mayor, and the Aldermen, and complained on behalf of
themselves and of all merchants of Janua, Florence, Lucca,
and of the whole of Italy residing in London, that William
Shiryngham and Roger Elys, the Sheriffs, had endeavoured to
make them pay a custom called "Scawange" (fn. 10) on their
merchandise brought to London from Suthamptone and other
parts of England by land, the said merchants alleging that,
although the Sheriffs of London had for the last twelve years
demanded payment of the said custom from them, the same
had not been paid. They prayed therefore the said Mayor
and Aldermen that they, their heirs and successors, might be
discharged from such payment as a matter of justice.
Thereupon the Sheriffs appeared on summons and declared
that ever since the Sheriffs of the City had held the City of
London and Middlesex at a fee ferm, they had always taken
the custom called "Scawange" from foreign merchants, as
appears on record in the Liber de custumis, (fn. 11) fos. cxcv and cxcvi.
And whereas the said merchants allege nothing to destroy
such prescription and record except that they have not paid the
said custom for twelve years, and whereas they have been
accustomed to pay it without a murmur on heavy merchandise
of little value brought to London in small boats from Suthampton
and other ports, whilst goods of lighter and more valuable
description, on which they were unwilling to pay the custom,
were brought to London over-land, the said Sheriffs asked for
The merchants, being asked whether they paid the custom
on merchandise brought to the City by water, declared they
Thereupon the Mayor and Aldermen, having heard both
parties, and having examined the books and memoranda of the
City thereon, &c., gave judgment to the effect that all the said
merchants, their heirs, successors, servants, &c., should thenceforth pay the said custom on all merchandise coming to London
as well by land as by water.
Custod' filie Galfr' Patrik.
12 March, 19 Richard II. [A.D. 1395-6], the guardianship of
Cecilia, daughter of Geoffrey Patrik, (fn. 12) late scrivener, of full age,
but an idiot (idiota) and of unsound mind, together with her
property in the parish of St. Giles without Crepulgate, committed by William More, the Mayor, and Stephen Speleman,
the Chamberlain, to John Chamberleyn, chaplain, executor of
the said Geoffrey.
Folio cccix b.
19 June, 19 Richard II. [A.D. 1396], at the instance of John
Batte, John Frewey, Simon Wastelle, and Thomas Wemme,
Masters and Surveyors of the Mistery of Hurers, the following
were summoned to answer a charge of making false "cappes"
for sale, viz., Avice Ponde, John Lagage, Thomas Coperkyn,
Thomas Wottone, Edmund Fakenham, and the wife of John
Wyket. They confessed their guilt and were each fined 20s.,
the caps to be burnt in Chepe.
Exon'acio Rob'ti Lowthe joignour.
21 July, 20 Richard II. [A.D. 1396], Robert Lowthe, "joignour,"
discharged by William More, the Mayor, and the Aldermen
from serving on juries, &c., owing to increasing age.
Ordinacio inter mag'ros et servos Mistere Sellarior' civitat'.
10 July, 20 Richard II. [A.D. 1396], complaint made to William
More, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, by the Masters of the
Mistery of Saddlers, that serving-men (servientes) of the said
mistery called "yomen," (fn. 13) without leave of the said masters,
were wont to assume a livery every year, and to hold meetings
at Stratford and elsewhere, both without and within the liberty
of the City, to the great prejudice of the mistery, and further
that they endeavoured unduly to raise the wages of journeymen
(servientes stipendiarios) and caused them to neglect their work.
The masters of the said serving-men, being summoned,
declared that the said serving-men of the mistery had been
accustomed to have a Fraternity and livery time out of mind;
but the masters of the mistery declared, on the contrary, that
the Fraternity, as well as the assumption of a livery, only dated
thirteen years back, and had been discontinued at intervals.
Thereupon, in order to end the strife, the Mayor and
Aldermen gave orders for six serving-men of the alleged
Fraternity to confer with six or eight Masters of saddlers, and
to report the result on Wednesday the 19th July. In the meantime no meetings were to be held at Stratford or elsewhere.
On the day named the representatives of the Fraternity presented a petition that they might be allowed their usages; but
the Mayor and Aldermen ordained that the serving-men of the
said mistery should thenceforth be under the rule and governance of the Masters of the mistery, as in other misteries, and
that they should use no Fraternity nor assemblies, but that if
they suffered any grievance at the hands of their masters,
complaint should be made to the Mayor and Aldermen and
speedy justice should be done. (fn. 14)
15 Feb., 21 Richard II. [A.D. 1397-8], came Thomas Lancastre, who had married Margery, daughter of Henry de
Cantebrigge, and also Master William de Cavendisshe, Rector
of Borle, (fn. 15) appointed guardian of the said Margery as appears
supra, fo. cccvi [b], and an account having been taken between
them the said guardian was discharged.
Folio cccx b.
9 Sept., 20 Richard II. [A.D. 1396], petition to the Mayor and
Aldermen by good men of the Mistery of Cordwainers setting
forth that divers dissensions had arisen among them owing to
the existence of a sworn Fraternity among them, and that the
folk of the mistery had therefore resolved that thenceforth
there should be no sworn Fraternity among them, and, further,
that there should be no more clothing (vestures) or alms in
general within the mistery, but only one, viz., for such as were
householders enfranchised without the assent and licence of
the Governors of the said mistery, (fn. 16) and that those who were
recognized as able in the mistery should be chargeable
(chargeables) to use the clothing of the same and contribute to
the said alms for the maintenance of the poor folk of the
mistery, as the custom of the said alms requires; and further,
they had resolved that any one found contravening such
ordinance on the oath of twenty-four good and loyal men of
the mistery before the Mayor and Aldermen should pay £10,
one half to go to the Chamber of the Guildhall and the other
to the alms of the mistery. They pray that the above
ordinances may be approved and enrolled.
Folios cccx b-cccxi.
Br'ed'ni Regis de confirmac'oe cujusdam redditus Joh'i parsone eccl'ie S'ci Thome Ap'li et succ' suis pro sustentac'oe capell'i per Thomam Romayn legat'.
Letters patent confirming to John Kyngeshous, parson of the
church of St. Thomas the Apostle, and his successors an annual
rent of 6 marks charged on certain tenements (sometime held
by Andrew Aubrey, pepperer) in the parish of St. Thomas
aforesaid by Thomas Romayn and Juliana his wife for the
maintenance of a chantry. Witness the King at Westminster,
18 Sept., 20 Richard II. [A.D. 1396].
Folio cccxi b.
Porta de Ald rich' gate concessa Joh'i Blyton armig'o Maior'.
Grant by William More, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and
Commonalty to John Blytone, late the Mayor's esquire, of the
mansion over Aldrichesgate and garden in the occupation of
Nicholas Covelee, Serjeant of the Chamber, to hold the same
for life, together with a pension of 100s. yearly. Possession of
the said gate to be resumed by the civic authorities in time of
war or insurrection. Dated 4 Dec., 19 Richard II. [A.D. 1395].