Wednesday after the Feast of St. Hillary [13 Jan.], 43 Edward III. [A.D. 1369-70], the following were elected to govern
the mistery of the Poulterers according to ordinances made
during the Mayoralty of James Andreu, the late Mayor, and
earlier, viz., John Clerk and John atte Noke in the Poultry;
William Carpe and Adam Pulter at St Nicholas' Shambles;
and John Mite, John Clapschethe, and William Stapil at
Custodia Margarete fil' Ric' i Suwet cornmongere.
The same day the guardianship of Margaret, daughter of
Richard Suwet, "cornmongere," was committed by John de
Chichestre, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and John de Cauntebrigge, to William Leycestre, the beadle of the Ward of
Aldrichesgate. Sureties, viz., William Dunmowe and William
Folio ccxli b.
Indentur' int' Christi' am Peccham exparte una et Will' m de Bernardcastel ex altera.
sol. ijs. vjd.
Lease by Christiana Peccham of the parish of St. Clement de
"Candeluekestrete" to William de Bernardecastel, "broidurer,"
of a certain tenement in the said parish, situate near the tenement of John Pope and the Chamber of "Yeldehalle," to hold
the same for a term of thirteen years at an annual rent of
6s. 8d. to the chief lords of the fee and certain payments to John
Salusbury, goldsmith, and Thomas Clenche, fishmonger, John
Chichestre, Mayor, and John Piel and Hugh Holbeche, Sheriffs.
Witnesses, Gilbert de Notyngham, Henry Swanbourne, spicer,
Robert Beuchampe, "plomer," John Pope, Thomas de Halughtone, scrivener, and others [not named]. Dated Friday before
the Feast of SS. Fabian and Sebastian [20 Jan.], 43 Edward III.
[A. D. 1369-70].
Br' e pro civibus Lincoln'.
Monday after the Feast of the Purification [2 Feb.], 44 Edward III. [A.D. 1369-70], came Walter de Kelby and John de
Suttone, citizens of Lincoln, and delivered to the Mayor and
Aldermen the King's writ dated at Westminster the 20th Jan.,
43 Edward III. [A.D. 1369-70], forbidding them to exact any toll
or custom from citizens of Lincoln, and further showed how
John Piel and Hugh Holbeche, the Sheriffs, had unlawfully taken
toll of the merchandise of John de Weltone, a citizen of Lincoln,
and demanded restitution of the same. Thereupon precept for
Folio ccxlii b.
Judicium pillor pro poletar' olent' et putrid'.
Wednesday after the Feast of the Purification [2 Feb.],
44 Edward III. [A.D. 1369-70], John Wastelle, "pulter," attached
to answer a charge of having exposed for sale on his stall at
Cornhill, in the parish of St. Michael, five "snytes," (fn. 1) two
"thrusshes," and a "wodcok," unfit for food. The said John
denied that the birds belonged to him or were exposed by him
for sale, and put himself on the country, and Robert Gaytone,
who prosecutes for the Commonalty, likewise. Thereupon
came a certain John Smyth de Wodhulle before the Mayor, the
Recorder, and Aldermen, and declared on oath that he had
delivered the birds to the wife of John Wastelle to pluck, and
that he had bought the birds elsewhere. The jurors elected and
tried with the assent of John Wastelle, viz., John Payn,
Geoffrey Shlyngford, William Excestre, Richard Greystoke,
Hugh de Cauntbrugge, John Daundelyoun, John Crichirche,
William Jurdon, John Pykenham, Robert Lowyk, Edmund de
Clare, Andrew Smythe, and William Mynested, find that the
birds did belong to the said John Wastelle. Cur. ad. vult.
Eventually the said John Wastelle was condemned to stand in the
pillory and to have the birds burnt beneath him, whilst the said
John Smythe, who acknowledged that he had been suborned by
the wife of the said John Wastelle to bear false witness on the
promise of a pair of hose, was committed to prison, but shortly
Thursday the Feast of St. Valentine [14 Feb.], 44 Edward III.
[A.D. 1369-70], ordinances made for the government of the
mistery of Vintners. (fn. 2)
Folio ccxliii b.
Thomas Cornwaleys, Henry Boresworth, Roger Longe, and
John Clivele elected and sworn to see that the above ordinances
are duly observed.
Indentura int' Joh' em de Chychestre Maiorem Aldr' os et co' itatem ex parte una et Robt' m fil' Joh' is de Pountfreyt et Marg' iam filiam predicti Joh' is Pount freyt ex altera.
Lease by John de Chychestre, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and
Commonalty to Robert, son of John de Pountfreyt the elder,
"cornmongere," and Margery, daughter of the said John, late
wife of Richard de "Evre," ironmonger, and sister of the said
Robert, of St. Botolph's Wharf, for a term of seven years, at
an annual rent of £20. Dated 20 Feb., 44 Edward III
Custodia xl marc' p' tinenc' Alic' fil' Nich' i Barbour.
14 March, 44 Edward III. [A.D. 1369-70], the sum of 40 marks
belonging to Alice, daughter of Nicholas Barbour, aged three
years, delivered in trust to Gilbert Prynce, "peyntour," by
John de Chichestre, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and John de
Cauntebrigge, the Chamberlain. Sureties, viz., John Lythgrave, John Cappe, "goldbeters," William Thomer, tanner,
and Thomas Whitchurche, cordwainer.
Afterwards, viz., on the 27th July, 48 Edward III. [A.D. 1374],
came the above Gilbert into the Chamber of the Guildhall,
before Adam de Bury, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, and
delivered the above sum to John de Cauntebrigge, the Chamberlain, in trust for the said Alice.
Folio ccxliv b.
A proclamation made on Wednesday before the Feast of
SS. Perpetua and Felicitas [7 March], 44 Edward III. [A.D. 1369-1370], regulating the sale of wine and ale in the City, and
forbidding the exportation of wine, corn, and malt.
Ordinacio de vendicione coriar' Tannar'.
Monday before the Feast of St. Gregory [12 March], 44 Edward III. [A.D. 1369-70], petition of Adam Lovekyn to the
Mayor and Aldermen that foreign tanners may be compelled to
use his seld in Frydaystret for the sale of their wares according
to ancient usage.
Afterwards, viz., on the 25th April following, an ordinance
was passed by John de Chichestre, the Mayor, William de
Haldene, the Recorder, Adam Fraunceys, William Welde,
Simon de Mordone, and John Warde, Aldermen, to the effect
desired. (fn. 3) Thereupon Thomas de Cotes was sworn scrutineer
to present such defects as he may find in tanned wares.
Draytone cornmongere Judic' Pillor'.
24 April, 44 Edward III. [A.D. 1370], John de Draytone de
Fulham, "cornmongere," brought before John de Chichestre,
the Mayor, and the Aldermen, for exposing for sale at the
market on the pavement within Neugate three bushels of corn
in a sack which had good and clean corn at the top, but inferior
gram beneath, to the deceit of the people, and for selling the
same to Johanna, wife of John Colman Condemned to stand
in the pillory.
Folio ccxlv b.
24 April, 44 Edward III. [A.D. 1370], Roger Walkerne de
Shenelee brought before the same for having offered a higher
price for five bushels of corn to William de Birchemore of
St. Alban, "cornmongere," at the above market than the said
William was willing to sell the same, with the view of enhancing
its price. Condemned to the pillory.
Custodia Will' i filii Ric' i de Ever.
The same day the guardianship of William, son of Richard
de "Ever," ironmonger, aged nineteen years, committed by
John de Chychestre, the Mayor, and John de Cauntebrigge, the
Chamberlain, to Robert Pountfreyt, "cornemongere," together
with the sum of £40, a piece of silver worth 15s., a mazer cup
worth 20s., and six silver spoons. Sureties, viz., John Pountfreyt, "sadeler," and Richard Toky, grocer.
Afterwards, viz., on the 17th February, 48 Edward III.
[A.D. 1373-4], came the above William before Adam de Bury,
the Mayor, William Haldene, the Recorder, and the aforesaid
Chamberlain, and acknowledged satisfaction. The above
Robert and his sureties are therefore quit.
Custodia Thome et Will' i fil' Cristine fil' quondam Joh' is Ippegrave.
26 April, 44 Edward III. [A.D. 1370], the guardianship of
Thomas and William, sons of Cristina, daughter of John
Ippegrave, aged respectively eight and seven and a half years,
together with the sum of £15 bequeathed to them by Thomas
de Wirlyngworth, goldsmith, (fn. 4) and accruing to them on the
death of John their brother, was committed by John Chychestre,
the Mayor, and the aforesaid Chamberlain to William Thaksted
and the aforesaid Cristina his wife Sureties, viz., Bartholomew
de Castre, William Burdeyn, William Stamenden, and John
Folio ccxlvi b.
Br' e ne vis c' alia sen alia sordida bestiar' mactatar' ad macell' Nich' i ducantur ad aquam Thamis' sub pena etc.
Writ to the Mayor, Aldermen, and Sheriffs, complaining
that although "Bocheresbrigge had been pulled down
pursuant to former writs, (fn. 5) the nuisance of butchers carrying
offal, &c., through the streets to the river still continued, and
bidding them make proclamation for an immediate abatement
of the nuisance by arresting offenders Witness the King at
Westminster, 20 April, 44 Edward III. [A.D. 1370].
Elccio Aldr' i de Aldresgate.
Friday the Feast of St. Petronilla [31 May], 44 Edward III.
[A.D. 1370], John Aubrey elected Alderman of the Ward of
Aldresgate, and admitted and sworn before John de Chichestre,
the Mayor, and Aldermen.
Abjuduacio lib' tatis Ric' i de Northbury mercer.
Monday the eve of St. Barnabas [11 June], 44 Edward III.
[A.D. 1370], came Richard de Northbury, mercer, who married
Imanya, widow and executrix of John de Enefeld, pepperer,
before John Chichestre, the Mayor, Adam Fraunceys, William
Haldene, John Stodey, Stephen Cavendisshe, James Andreu,
Simon de Mordone, William Welde, Walter Forster, Bartholomew Frestelynge, John de St. Alban, Richard de Croydone, John Warde, John Tornegold, William Walworth, and
John Pyel, Aldermen, and the said John Pyel and Hugh Holbeche, the Sheriffs, to answer whether or no he and his wife
had obeyed certain orders of the Mayor and Recorder touching
a legacy left by the said John de Enefeld by will enrolled in
the Husting, Monday after the Feast of Translation of St. Edward [13 Oct.], 43 Edward III. [A.D. 1369] (fn. 6) The said Richard
being a freeman of the City, and having appealed to the court
Christian, contrary to the liberties of the City, is ordered to lose
Restitucio lib' tatis.
Afterwards, viz., on the 2nd March, 49 Edward III.
[A.D. 1374-5], the said Richard came before William Walworth,
the Mayor, and the Aldermen, and made fine for the recovery
of his freedom, as appears in the Roll of Fines in the possession
of William de Eynesham, the Chamberlain.
Folio ccxlvii b.
Letters of Privy Seal to the Mayor, Recorder, Sheriffs,
Aldermen, and citizens of London, notifying the King's present
need of a sum of 100,000 marks on behalf of his son the Duke
of Lancaster and Robert de Knolles, who were about to go
abroad in the King's service, (fn. 7) and also for the defence of the
realm, and asking the City to lend him £5,000 by Midsummer Day next. Dated at Westminster, 8 June, 44 Edward III.
After due consideration of the above it was decided to send a
deputation to the King to ask that the City might be excused in
consideration of the heavy burdens it had already been called
upon to bear. The King refused. Thereupon it was agreed
that the money should be lent to the King by those persons
whose names appear on the next folio, (fn. 8) together with the
amount lent by each, on the security of the custom and subsidy
of wool, woolfells, and leather in the Port of London, as appears
by certain letters patent on the fourth folio that follows, (fn. 9) for
which there were delivered three tallies of the Exchequer under
the names of the King's Collectors of Custom. And be it known
that Stephen Cavendisshe and John Warde, Aldermen, and
John Philipot and John Organ, Commoners, were appointed to
collect the money, which was delivered to the King, as appears
by acquittance of the King's Treasurer in the custody of the
Chamberlain of the Guildhall.
[Fos ccxlviii-ccli b blank.]