De bonis legatis pueris Rob'ti de Wodeham.
Tuesday after the Feast of St. Dunstan [19 May], 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1345], came Robert le Foundour before Thomas
de Maryns, the Chamberlain, and committed the guardianship
of Alice senior, daughter of Robert de Wodeham, and her
patrimony, to Amy her mother, according to the terms of
the will of the said Robert, providing for his daughters named
respectively Alice senior and Alice junior, and Geoffrey his
son, the last mentioned being committed to the custody of John
de Ideshale, saddler. Sureties for the said Robert, viz.,
Thomas West, girdler, and John de Botesham, saddler.
Folio ci b.
Abrocar' lanar' electi et jur'.
Monday the morrow of H. Trinity [22 May], 19 Edward III.
[A.D. 1345], Robert de Hamme, John de Coule, Henry Beauflour, Thomas de Bray, senior, Roger Godchepe, Thomas
Barber, Peter Chate, and Richard le Yonge, elected and sworn
brokers of wool.
Br'e q'd homines ad arma et sagittar' se festinant v'sus Portesmouth ad proficiscend' cum d'no comite de Norhamptone.
Writ to the Sheriffs to make proclamation for the contingent
of men-at-arms and archers ordered to proceed to Brittany
under William de Bohun, Earl of Norhamptone, (fn. 1) to proceed to
Portesmuthe so as to be there by Monday or Tuesday next.
Witness the King at Westminster, 4 June, 19 Edward III.
Proclamation made accordingly, Saturday after the Feast of
St. Petronilla [31 May].
Br'e d' ni Reg' pro l marc' debit' d'ne Ph'e Regine de co'itate levand'.
Writ to the Sheriffs to levy the sum of 50 marks on the
property of the Commonalty of London as being due to Queen
Philippa as Queen's gold from a fine of 500 marks for respite of
an Iter lately summoned at the Tower, and to pay the same to
John de Estone, the Queen's Receiver. Witness W[illiam] de
Stowe at Westminster, 27 May, 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1345].
Dimiss' balli'e de Suthwerk.
Thursday the eve of the Nativity St. John Bapt. [24 June],
19 Edward III. [A.D. 1345], the bailiwick of Suthewerk granted
to Robert Hamond by the Mayor and Chamberlain, at a rent of
£10 10s. Sureties for the said Robert, viz., Walter de Mordone,
"stokfisshmongere," John Lyoun, "furbour," Thomas atte
Vine, woolmonger, and William Palmere, tapicer.
At an assembly of the Mayor and Aldermen in the Guildhall
on Monday the morrow of H. Trinity [22 May], 19 Edward III.
[A.D. 1345], there being present John Hamond, the Mayor,
Henry Darci, Andrew Aubrey, Simon Fraunceys, Roger de
Depham, Richard Lacer, Walter Turk, John de Northhalle,
William de Poumfreyt, Richard de Berkinge, Thomas Leggy,
and John Syward, Aldermen, and Geoffrey de Wychingham, (fn. 2)
Sheriff, Henry Wymond, William de Elsynge, Richard de
Lincoln, John de Croydon, John de Enefeld, John de Bedeford,
Nicholas atte Marsshe, William de Henhampstede, John de
Kelyngworth, Edmund de Hemenhale, Roger de Wodhulle,
Roger Carpenter, William de Iford, Henry Fannere, Walter de
Billyngham, and many other Commoners, the following ordinances (fn. 3) were passed, viz.:-
Ordinacio de nocumentis amovend' in vico regis int' le Stockes et conduct' viz. de stall' Poletar' Carnificum et Piscenar'.
Ordinance prescribing the days and places for Butchers,
Poulterers, and Fishmongers, to sell their goods so as to avoid
overcrowding the street between the "Stokkes" and the
Conduit in Chepe Ward.
Ordinacio pro mundacione port' de Douegate.
Ordinance prescribing tolls to be exacted from carters
carrying timber, coal, stone, chalk, heavy goods (averia
(fn. 4) ) or other wares, to and from the port of Douuegate,
and appointing certain carters to cleanse the said port. (fn. 5)
Folio cii b.
Br'e quod homines ad arma et sagittar' se festinant versus Suthampton' ad proficiscend' cum d'no comite Derb'.
Writ to the Sheriffs to make proclamation to the effect that
William de Bohun, Earl of Northampton, had set sail for Brittany,
and that Henry de Lancaster, Earl of Derby, was about to set
out for Gascony, and that all men-at-arms and archers who
were to accompany the latter should at once proceed to
Suthamptone. Witness the King at Westminster, 11 June,
19 Edward III. [A.D. 1345].
Proclamation made accordingly on Saturday the Feast of
St. Barnabas [11 June].
Proclamation made at the Leaden Hall for regulating the
sale of poultry, Saturday before Palm Sunday [20 March]. (fn. 6)
De loco vendicionis poletrie.
Further regulations for the sale of poultry made at a Congregation of the Mayor and Aldermen on Friday before the Feast
of St. George [23 April], 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1345], there being
present John Hamond, the Mayor, Henry Darci, Andrew
Aubrey, Simon Fraunceys, Roger de Depham, Richard Lacer,
William de Caustone, John de Caustone, John de Northhalle,
William de Thorneye, William de Poumfreyt, Bartholomew
Deumars, Walter Neel, Walter Turk, Thomas Leggy, John de
Mockynge, Richard de Berkynge, Walter de Mordone, John
Syward, and John de Ayllesham, Aldermen. (fn. 7)
Breve pro pace hominum R' Ispanie procla mand'.
Writ to the Sheriffs for proclamation to be made against
inflicting any injury upon subjects of the King of Spain. Witness the King at Sandwych, 22 June, 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1345].
Proclamation made accordingly on Monday after the Nativity St. John Bapt. [24 June].
Billa missa Decano et capitato eccl'ie Sancti Pauli pro cantar' manutenend'.
8 July, 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1345], a letter, under the seal of
the Mayoralty, sent to the Dean and Chapter of St. Paul's,
complaining of the deficiency of chantry priests to perform the
duties of chantries founded by citizens in the City's "Mother
Church." (fn. 8)
Thursday the Feast of Translation of St. Thomas the Martyr,
viz., 7 July, 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1345], the Abbot of St. Alban
paid, by the hands of Adam de Wyttenham, a fellow-monk,
to Sir Reginald de Cobham, Knt., the sum of 80 marks, which
sum Friar John de Arderne, of the Order of St. Augustine,
received on Sir Reginald's behalf, and therefor gave an acquittance; but inasmuch as it was not stated in the acquittance that
the said sum of 80 marks formed part of a sum of 1,000 marks
due by the said Abbot to the said Sir Reginald under a recognizance in the King's Common Bench, the acquittance is here
entered at the request of all parties, in the presence of Thomas
de Maryns, the Chamberlain, William de Iford, Richard de
Waltham, clerk, and others [not named], and the aforesaid
Friar John covenants to make a more perfect acquittance to
the said Sir Reginald on the latter's return to England.
Folio ciii b.
De Will'o de Greyngham electo in servientem Camere.
Wednesday before the Translation of St. Thomas the Martyr
[7 July], 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1345], William de Greyngham
elected and sworn Serjeant of the Chamber at 40s. per annum,
in the presence of John Hamond, the Mayor, the Aldermen,
De sotularib' basene vendit' pro corio allute.
Friday before the Feast of St. Margaret [20 July], 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1345], William de Waltham, "cordewaner,"
Gregory de Rameseye, "cordewaner," and other Wardens of
the same mistery, brought shoes of basen taken upon William
called "Cokk," "cordewaner," of Fletestrete, which shoes he
had sold to a certain stranger as being made of cordwain (de corio allute). The said William is therefore, according to
the ordinance, in mercy 40d., for which he paid half a noble
(unum obolum de noble
(fn. 9) ) to the Chamberlain.
Carnes forisfacte ad opus communitatis.
Saturday after the Feast of St. Mary Magdalen [22 July],
19 Edward III. [A.D. 1345], meat belonging to Thomas de
Caxtone, Robert Andreu, Walter Cobbe, and Gerard Andreu
confiscated, because they set up their stalls in the Poultry
contrary to the ordinance made by the Mayor, Aldermen, and
Commonalty, as appears in the preceding folio. (fn. 10) The meat
appraised by John Soudan, Henry Soudan, Richard Goldeneghe,
John de Kereswelle, and John atte Grene, butchers, sworn for
the purpose, the total value being 9s. 5d., and sold at that price
by Simon Snellynge, Serjeant of the Chamber, to Giles de
Westmelle, tailor, and the money delivered to Thomas de
Maryns, the Chamberlain, to the use of the Commonalty. (fn. 11)
Quietaclamancia facta Avicie atte Cornere per Joh'em de Navestoke clericum et Will'm atte Cornere.
A general acquittance by John de Navestoke, parson of
Wylynghale, co. Essex, and William atte Corner, executors
of Richard atte Cornere, to Avice atte Corner, widow and
executrix of the said Richard. Dated Friday after the Feast
of St. Dunstan [19 May], 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1345].
Ordinance for keeping the streets clean. Any one convicted
of placing dirt in the streets and lanes to be fined 2s. and be
forced to remove it. Two assistants to the beadle of a Ward
to be appointed where necessary.
Sacr'm clericor' vic'.
The Oath of the Sheriffs' Clerks (fn. 12) (French).
Ye swear that well and truly ye will bear yourselves in your
office and justice do to poor as well as rich, citizen and stranger,
and all folks according to your discretion and your power, and
the franchises and customs of the City of London ye will keep
and maintain, and obedient be to the Mayor of the same City
for the time being, and good and loyal execution do of the
judgments of the Mayor and Aldermen when ye shall be
charged, and the counsel of the City ye will conceal, and good
counsel give of all matters touching the said City when ye shall
be required, and no writ touching the same franchise will ye
return before ye shall have shown it to the Mayor and Aldermen, and they have assented to the return of the said writ, and
the things agreed upon for the peace of our lord the King and
also for the common profit of the people ye will maintain and
keep. So God you help and His saints.
The Oath of the Serjeants (French). (fn. 13)
The Oath of Beadles (French).
Ye swear that well and honestly ye shall keep the Ward of
which you are "Sergeaunt" and not suffer any man accused of
robbery or of evil covin nor woman of evil life to dwell in the
same Ward, but ye shall forthwith drive them out, and if ye be
unable to do so ye shall certify the Alderman, and if he be
unable to do it ye shall forthwith certify the Mayor for the time
being; and if any make affray or draw sword or knife or other
weapon ye shall certify the Chamberlain of the City, so that he
may be able to do by the Serjeants of the Chamber that which
is ordained for preserving the peace of our lord the King. And
also ye shall return in the Husting and before the Sheriffs and
Coroners good and lawful men in Inquests and not poor men
nor maintainers of parties, and all other things that appertain
to your office to do which are ordained for the King's peace,
the quiet of the people, and honesty of the said City ye shall
well and truly keep. So God you help, &c. (fn. 14)
Folio civ b.
Charter of liberties granted to the City with the assent of
Parliament, whereby the King covenants (inter alia) that no
market should thenceforth be conceded to any one by him or
his heirs within a seven miles radius of the City (infra septem
leucas in circuitu civitatis). Dated at Westminster, 6 March,
1 Edward III. [A.D. 1326-7]. (fn. 15)
(Afterwards, by the same lord the King, this charter is confirmed in the fifteenth year of his reign by letters patent,
remaining in possession of the Chamberlain. Marginal note.)
Folio cv-cv b.
New statutes put forth in London, anno 19 Edward III., in
amendment of the laws of the City. (fn. 16)
De abrocar' electis.
Saturday after the Feast of St. James [25 July], 19 Edward III.
[A.D. 1345], the men of the mistery of aver de pois (mester' averii
ponderis), Pepperers of Sopereslane, the Ropery, and Chepe,
elected John Pyselewe, John Swetyng, and Edmund Bretyn to
be brokers in their mistery, and they were sworn, &c.
De eleccione Ph'i de Cherde cementar' pro assisis noc'.
Saturday after the Feast of St. Mary Magdalen [22 July],
19 Edward III. [A.D. 1345], Philip de Cherde, mason, elected in
place of John de Basynge, mason, for assize of nuisances, &c.,
by John Hamond, the Mayor, and the Aldermen.
Legatum Ph'i Swift de xx marc' Juliane filie sue.
Saturday after the Feast of St. James [25 July], 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1345], came William de Cantebrege, pheliper, (fn. 17)
husband of Matilda, late wife of Philip Swift, pheliper, before
Thomas Legy, Alderman, and Thomas de Maryns, the Chamberlain, and acknowledged that he had received the sum of
20 marks, to be held in trust for Juliana, daughter of the said
Philip. (fn. 18) Sureties for the said William, viz., Ralph de Cauntebrege, pheliper, and John Levelif, draper.
Folio cvi b.
Br'e d'ni Regis de auro vocato les Nobles solvend' et recipiend' in suo precto etc.
Writ to the Sheriffs to make proclamation as to the appointment of Courard Roirer and fellow-merchants of Diest ("Dast")
as the King's money-changers in the cities of London, York,
and Canterbury, and of the new currency, viz., the gold noble,
its half and quarter, &c. Dated at Suthwyk, 20 July, 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1345]. (fn. 19)
Proclamation made accordingly on Wednesday after the
Feast of St. James [25 July].
De fals' sotular'.
Thursday after the Feast of St. Nicholas [6 Dec.], 18 Edward III. [A.D. 1344], certain shoes made of ox-leather mixed
with calf-leather found upon John de Waldene, cordwainer,
by Peter de Kyngestone and other Wardens of the mistery of
Cordwainers. The said John, for this first time, in mercy 40d.
Be it remembered that on Tuesday the morrow of St. Peter
ad Vincula [1 Aug.], 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1345], the underwritten articles of the Spurriers were read before John
Hamond, the Mayor, Roger de Depham, the Recorder, and
the rest of the Aldermen; and as they seemed efficient they
were accepted and enrolled as follows. (fn. 20)
Thereupon the following were sworn to keep the same
and to make scrutiny, viz., Nicholas le Sporiere, William de
Passefeld, (fn. 21) John de Cosselee, (fn. 21) William Debeloun, Robert Mortimer, Robert Spenser, Ralph Nede, Thomas atte Crouche,
Adam de Yeveneye, (fn. 21) Richard de Refham, (fn. 21) Robert Bray, (fn. 21) John
Dolwyche, John Dene, Roger Stoke.
Folio cvii b.
Ordinacio aque Conduct'.
At the Husting for Pleas of Land held on Monday before
the Feast of St. Margaret [20 July], 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1345],
it was ordained by the Mayor and Aldermen, with the assent
of the Commonalty, that no brewer should use the water of the
Conduit for his business, on pain of losing his tankard or tyne
and 40d. for the first offence, half a mark for the second and
his tankard or tyne, and 10s. for the third, and, moreover,
of being committed to prison at the discretion of the Mayor
and Aldermen. At the same Husting it was agreed that fishmongers washing their fish at "les Stokkes" should incur the
same penalty. (fn. 22)
Scriptum Petri Nuyer per Henr' de Shenefeld et ux'm ejus.
sol. ijs. vjd.
Quitclaim by Henry de Shenefeld and Emma his wife, late
wife of John de Pykenham, to Peter Nuyer, armourer, in
respect of lands, &c., which the said Peter had by gift of
Sir John de Potenhale, Knt., in the parish of St. Bride in
Fletestrete. Dated 23 July, 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1345].
Acknowledged before Andrew Aubrey, Alderman, and the
Chamberlain on Friday after the Feast of St. Laurence
Quoddam mem d de attorn' constitut per l'ram.
And be it known that the aforesaid Henry and Emma
appointed William de Cornewaille and John de Tintagel their
attorneys to collect and receive the issues of the tenements,
&c., which belonged to John de Potenhale, delivered to them on
account of a debt of 40 marks due under a recognizance to the
Writ to the Sheriffs for proclamation to be made that all
barons, bannerets, knights, and esquires between the ages of
sixteen and sixty furnish themselves with horses and arms
according to their estate, to proceed with the King abroad,
in order to put an end to the war Witness the King at Westminster, 3 Aug., 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1345]. (fn. 23)
Proclamation made accordingly on Monday the Feast of the
Assumption B. M. [15 Aug.].
Ordinacio de Abrocar'.
At a congregation of the Mayor and Aldermen held on
Thursday after the Feast of St. Laurence [10 Aug.], 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1345], complaint having been made by Robert
de Hamme and his fellow-brokers of wool and drapery that
many who were not free of the City intermeddled in their
business, the Mayor and Aldermen ordained that the said
Robert and his fellow-brokers should daily inquire as to who
intermeddled in their business, not being free of the City, and
what brokerage they received, &c., and report thereon to the
Chamberlain, who was authorized to distrain for money so
received upon the goods of the offenders, and to keep one-half for the use of the Commonalty, whilst the other half was
to go to the said Robert and his fellows.
Folio cviii b.
Scriptum Henr' de Reygate et Nich'i de Reygate per Rad'm de Haverynge.
sol ijs. vjd.
Deed of confirmation by Ralph de Haverynge, girdler, to
Henry de Reygate and Nicholas his brother, girdlers, of an
annual rent of 6½ marks charged on a certain tenement held
by the said Nicholas and Alice his wife in the parish and lane
of St. Laurence in Old Jewry; which rent had previously been
granted by Robert de Bristowe, saddler, to the aforesaid Henry.
Witnesses, William Aylward, Nicholas Blosme (Blosine?), (fn. 24) John
Russel, John Wygod, Richard Morager, William Credyl, clerk,
and others [not named]. Dated Sunday after the Feast of
Nativity B. M. [8 Sept. ], 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1345].
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs to search the City for men
between the ages of sixteen and sixty capable of bearing arms
and to dispatch them to Portesmuth, so that they be there three
weeks after Michaelmas at the latest, and, further, to make a
return of the same to the King before Michaelmas Day.
Witness the King at Westminster, 28 Aug., 19 Edward III.
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs for the dispatch of 320 archers
to Portesmuthe by three weeks after Michaelmas. Witness the
King at Westminster, 28 Aug., 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1345].
Writ to the Aldermen that they assist the Mayor and Sheriffs
in the foregoing. Same date.
Folio cix b.
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs that they assist Robert
Flambard and Richard atte Wode, the King's Serjeants-at-arms,
to whom had been committed the navy of the City and the
water of the Thames (during a dispute between the Admiral of
the West and the Admiral of the North as to who had authority
over the same), and who were to bring the fleet within the
water of the Wyght by the octave of Michaelmas at the latest.
Witness the King at the Tower of London, 8 Sept., 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1345].
De medietate abrocag'.
Be it remembered that on Thursday the morrow of the
Exaltation of H. Cross [14 Sept.], 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1345],
Thomas de Maryns, the Chamberlain, received from Guydo
Talde, an unsworn broker, viz., for brokerage done by him
between Thomas atte Vine and Geoffrey de Wyntertone for thirteen sacks of wool, 13s., whereof Robert de Hamme and his
fellows took for their trouble one-half, according to the ordinance
thereon made and entered on the folio preceding. (fn. 25) Also from
Van Bronlesk for brokerage done for "Allumine de Tysik"
sold between Master Lodowyk de Arecia, a physician, and
another, 12s., whereof the aforesaid Robert and his fellows
took for their trouble one-half.
Writ to the Sheriffs to make proclamation of the new currency
of the noble, the half-noble, and the quarter-noble, and the
appointment of money-changers. Dated at the Tower, 10 Sept.,
19 Edward III. [A.D. 1345].
Proclamation made accordingly on Tuesday before the Feast
of the Exaltation of H. Cross [14 Sept.].
Scriptum Will'i de Caustone merceri per' Henr' de Shenefeld et Emmam ux'm eius.
Quitclaim by Henry de Shenefeld and Emma his wife, late
wife of John de Pykenham, to William de Caustone, mercer, of
lands and tenements held by the said William in the parish of
St. Bride in Fleet Street, in respect of anything that may be
owing to them by the said John. Dated Friday after the Feast
of Exaltation of H. Cross [14 Sept.], 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1345].
Acknowledged before John Hamond, the Mayor, Roger de
Depham, William de Pountfreyt, Aldermen, and Thomas de
Maryns, the Chamberlain, Thursday the morrow of St. Matthew
Br'e sub privato sigillo pro hominibus ad arma et sagittar arraiand'.
Writ of Privy Seal to the Mayor and Sheriffs that they hasten
the array of men-at-arms and archers for the King's service
abroad. Dated at Westminster, 18 Sept., 19 Edward III.
Be it remembered that on Monday after the Feast of the
Decollation of St. John Bapt. [29 Aug.], 19 Edward III.
[A.D. 1345], Thomas de Maryns, the Chamberlain, received the
sum of 40s. 4d. from Boydin Denys, an alien, who had acted as
broker in respect of 120 pieces of cloth sold by him contrary
to the custom of the City, inasmuch as he was not elected nor
sworn as broker, and of the said sum the aforesaid Thomas
delivered to Robert de Hamme and his fellow sworn brokers
the sum of 20s. 2d. for their trouble, and the said Chamberlain
charges himself with the remainder.
Folio cx b.
Scriptum Thom' Bonde per Edm' fil' Marg'ie de Stebbenhethe.
sol. ijs. vjd.
Lease by Edmund, son of Margery de Stebbenhethe, to
Thomas Bonde of his share in a tenement in the parish of
St. Mary de Aldermariecherche, devised to him by the said
Margery by will proved and enrolled in the Husting held for
Common Pleas on Monday the Feast of St. Margaret [20 July],
12 Edward III. [A.D. 1338], (fn. 26) which tenement lately belonged to
Simon Godard, and is situate near the property of Richard
Chaucer and William de Thorneye, Aldermen; to hold to the
said Thomas for a term of eighteen years. John Hamond,
Mayor, Thomas Legi and Geoffrey le Tableter, (fn. 27) Sheriffs, Andrew
Aubrey, Alderman of the Ward. (fn. 28) Witnesses, William de
Thorneye, Richard Chaucer, William de Hanamstede, William
de Derby, John Bole, Roger Carpenter, William de Grantham,
and others [not named]. Dated Thursday the Feast of the
Nativity B. M. [8 Sept.], 19 Edward III. [A.D. 1345].
Acknowledged before Richard Lacer, William de Poumfreyt,
and John de Caustone, Aldermen, and Thomas de Maryns, the
Chamberlain, Saturday after the Feast of St. Matthew [21 Sept.],
19 Edward III. [A.D. 1345].
An indemnity granted by the said Thomas Bonde to William
Blood, to whom the above Edmund was bound under oath, for
any injury that might arise out of the above grant.