Folios 51 - 60
March 1466-7 -

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Centre for Metropolitan History

Publication

Author

Reginald R. Sharpe (editor)

Year published

1912

Pages

70-83

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'Folios 51 - 60: March 1466-7 - ', Calendar of letter-books of the city of London: L: Edward IV-Henry VII (1912), pp. 70-83. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=33645 Date accessed: 24 April 2014. Add to my bookshelf


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Folio 51.

Custod Thome Eyre filii Thome Eyre orphani Civitatis.

9 March, 7 Edward IV. [A.D. 1466-7], came Richard Hale, Bartholomew Horwod, and Martin Harlewes, grocers, and entered into bond in the sum of £100 for payment into the Chamber of a like sum, to the use of Thomas, son of Thomas Eyre, on his coming of age, the money having been bequeathed to the said orphan by Simon Eyre, his grandfather. (fn. 1)

Presentacio Will'i Denyshill capell'i ad secundam Canter' etc in eccl ia sc'i Pauli.

Letter from John Yong, the Mayor, under the Mayoralty Seal, to the Dean and Chapter of St. Paul's, presenting Sir William Denyshill, chaplain in the diocese of Oxford, for admission to the second of the three chantries founded in the said church for the souls of Sir John Pulteney, Knt., and of Sir William Milford, and Sir John Plesseys, late Archdeacons of Colchester, vacant by the resignation of Sir John Carlile. Dated 26 March, A D 1467.

Presentacio Thome Mason' ad Canteriam in Capell' b'te Marie juxta Guihald' etc.

A similar letter to Thomas [Kempe], Bishop of London, presenting Thomas Mason, chaplain, for admission to a perpetual chantry founded in the Chapel of St. Mary near the Guildhall for the soul of Roger de Depeham. Dated 26 March 7 Edward IV. [A.D. 1467].

Folio 51 b.

Ordinacio pro sigillaco'e mensur'.

Tuesday, 16 June, 7 Edward IV. [A.D. 1467], ordinance of the Common Council forbidding the use of measures for buying and selling wine, salmon, herring, &c., within the City, unless they contain prescribed quantities, and are sealed with the City's seal by an officer of the Chamber of the Guildhall.

Exon'acio Joh'is Hall ab assis'.

9 July, 7 Edward IV. [A.D. 1467], John Hall, "chesemonger," discharged by the Mayor and Aldermen from serving on juries, &c., owing to his infirmities.

Folio 52.

Eleccio Joh is Stokton in unum Vicec' Civitatis London loco Henr' Bryce qui obiit.

Saturday, 20 June, 7 Edward IV. [A.D. 1467], in the presence of John Yong, the Mayor, William Hulyn, Ralph Josselyn, Ralph Verney, Hugh Wyche, Thomas Urssewyk the Recorder, William Taillour, Thomas Oulegreve, George Irland, John Lambart, Robert Basset, John Stokton, William Edward, and John Bromer, Sheriff, Aldermen, and very many Commoners, assembled in the Guildhall at 2.0 P.M.— John Stokton, Alderman and Mercer, was elected Sheriff loco Henry Brice, who had died the preceding night, to remain in office until the following Michaelmas, and never again to be re-elected; for which privilege he paid to the Chamberlain the sum of £100 for the repair of the Conduit.

On the following Monday he was presented before the Barons of the Exchequer.

Custod' Thome Pounde filii Rob'ti Pounde orph' Civitatis.

18 July, 7 Edward IV. [A.D. 1467], came Elizabeth Pounde, widow, John and Robert Pounde, grocers, and entered into bond in the sum of 50 marks for the payment into the Chamber of a like sum, to the use of Thomas, son of Robert Pounde, late grocer, on his coming of age. (fn. 2)

Folio 52 b.

Custod' Will'i Boleyn filii Galfri Boleyn orph'i Civitat'.

7 Sept., 7 Edward IV. [A.D. 1467], came Hugh Joye, John Sturmyn, Richard Syffe, mercers, and Thomas Ostriche, haberdasher, and entered into bond in the sum of £236 for the delivery into the Chamber of the sum of £200 and certain jewels, to the use of William, son of Geoffrey Boleyn, late Alderman, on his reaching the age of 25 years. (fn. 3)

Eliccio Vicecomit'.

Monday the Feast of St. Matthew [21 Sept.], 7 Edward IV. [A.D. 1467], in the presence of John Yong, the Mayor, the Prior of Christchurch, John Norman, Richard Lee, Hugh Wiche, Thomas Cook, Ralph Josselyn, William Taillour, Thomas Oulegreve, George Irland, Robert Basset, John Tate, William Costantyne, William Edward, Bartholomew James, John Stoktone, Humphrey Hayford, and John Bromer, Aldermen, and very many Commoners, summoned to the Guildhall for the election of Sheriffs—Thomas Stalbroke was elected one of the Sheriffs of London and Middlesex by the Mayor, and Humphrey Hayfford, goldsmith, was elected the other Sheriff by the Commonalty.

The same day, Robert Colwich, tailor, was elected Chamberlain; Peter Calcot and Richard Frome were elected Wardens of London Bridge; John Lambar and William Edward, Aldermen, Simon Smyth, grocer, John Bramptone, fishmonger, Robert Sympson and John Crosseby, grocers, Commoners, were elected Auditors of the accounts of the Chamberlain and Wardens of London Bridge in arrear.

Afterwards, viz., on the eve of the Feast of St. Michael [29 Sept.], the said Sheriffs were sworn at the Guildhall, and on the morrow of the said Feast were presented, admitted, &c., before the Barons of the Exchequer.

Folio 53.

Ordinacio q'd Officiarii non utantur liberatur' magnat'.

Wednesday, 23 Sept., 7 Edward IV. [A.D. 1467], ordinance by John Yong, the Mayor, John Norman, Richard Lee, Hugh Wiche, Thomas Cook, Ralph Josselyn, Thomas Urssewyk, the Recorder, William Taillour, Thomas Oulegreve, George Irland, Robert Basset, William Costantyn, John Tate, Humphrey Hayford, William Edward, John Stoktone, Batholomew James, and John Bromer, Aldermen, and the Commonalty of the City— that no freeman or Officer of the City shall take or use the livery of any lord or other magnate under penalty of losing his freedom and office for ever. (fn. 4)

Ordinacio pro eleccione Maioris et Vicec'.

In the same Common Council it was ordained that thenceforth the election of Mayor and Sheriffs should be made only by the Common Council, the Masters and Wardens of each Mistery of the City, coming in their livery, and by other good men specially summoned for the purpose.

Ordinacio pro admiltend' in lib'tatem ex officio.

In the same Common Council it was agreed that no Officer or other person enjoying the freedom of the City by virtue of his office alone, should continue to enjoy the freedom after the termination of his office.

Eleccio Maioris.

Tuesday the Feast of Translation of St. Edward [13 Oct.], 7 Edward IV. [A.D. 1467], in the presence of John Yong, the Mayor, the Prior of Christchurch, John Norman, William Hulyn Richard Lee, Hugh Wyche, Thomas Cook, Matthew Philippe, Ralph Josselyn, William Taillour, John Lambert, Thomas Oulegreve, George Irland, Robert Basset, John Tate, John Stoktone, William Hamptone, William Costantyne, Bartholomew James, John Bromer, Henry Waver, William Edward, and Humphrey Hayford, Aldermen, Thomas Stalbroke, Sheriff, and an immense Commonalty, summoned to the Guildhall for the election of a Mayor for the year ensuing—Thomas Oulegreve was elected.

Afterwards, viz., on the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.], he was sworn at the Guildhall, and on the morrow was presented, admitted, &c., before the Barons of the Exchequer.

Custod' Joh'is Nicholson filii Joh'is Nicholson or ph' Civitatis.

17 Nov., 7 Edward IV. [A.D. 1467], came Henry Derby, "talughchaundiller," Peter Bisshope, "peautrer," Robert Parker, draper, and John Dey, and entered into bond in the sum of £80 for the payment into the Chamber of £73, to the use of John, son of John Nicholson, late "stacioner," on his coming of age.

Folio 53 b.

Julicium Pillorie pro fabricacione unius false lre.

"Forasmoche as Gilbert 'Ridder' that here standith as a man not dredyng god nor shame of the worlde falsely and subtelly feyned and forged in the name of oone James Degyn' a false Ir'e writene by John Baron' that here standith beryng date at Maydestone the tuesday after Seint Andrewes day [30 Nov.] where as in dede it was writene and made in this Citee in Paternoster rowe by the saide John Baron' which lr'e was directed unto the Worshipfull persone Richerd Lee Alderman desiryng by the same to have hadde delyv'ed of the saide Ric' Lee xxs. in money and ij yerdes of blewe medley cloth and that by certayne tokyns conteynede in the seide lr'e Where as in dede the same James Degyn' never was prive nor knowyng any suche lr'e like as the saide Gilbert 'Rider' hath openly confessed afore the Maire and Aldermen Therfore it is considred by the saide Maier and Aldermen that the saide Gilbert shulde stonde here on this pillory by the space of a quarter of an howre in example to all other disposed to offende in any suche wise and the saide John Baron' for his wrytyng to stand on a stole under this Pillory by the same tyme &c."

Folio 53 b-55.

Ordinacio de Lethersillers.

14 Dec., 7 Edward IV. [A.D. 1467], came good men of the Mistery of "Lethersillers" into the Court of the lord the King in the Chamber of the Guildhall, before Thomas Oulegreve, the Mayor, William Hulyn, Richard Lee, Thomas Cook, Ralph Verney, John Yong, Robert Basset, George Irland, William Costantyne, Humphrey Hayford, Bartholomew James, William Taillour, and William Edward, Aldermen, and showed how in former days the exercise of their craft was confined to the City of London, and that points and laces, originally made of leather wrought of sheep-fells, lambs-fells, and calves-fells, in course of time came to be made of the fells of "wildware," viz., of hart, hind, buck, doe, roe, goat, and kid, as being stronger, and how on that account the members of the craft had obtained from the Court of Aldermen, during the Mayoralties of Sir Richard Whityngton and Robert Large, an ordinance forbidding the use of sheep-leather, calves-leather, and lambsleather. Of late, however, it had been found impossible to observe that ordinance, owing to the lack of "wildware" coming from Norway, Spain, Guienne, and Scotland, and the Wardens, apprentices, and others became guilty of perjury. They prayed therefore that the above ordinance might be annulled, and that certain other ordinances for governing the Mistery might be approved. (fn. 5)

Their petition granted.

Folio 55 b.

Custod' Eienc Amady filii Joh'i Amady.

18 Dec., 7 Edward IV. [A.D. 1467], came Henry Folyat, grocer, Richard Carter, "curriour," Robert Colyns, "skynner," and Edmund Graveley, carpenter, and entered into bond in the sum of £20 to the effect that the said Henry Folyat, or some one on his behalf, will acquire certain lands and tenements which, after the decease of Johanna, widow of Thomas Pert, remain to Elena, (fn. 6) daughter of John Amady.

Custod' Thome Hopkyns filii Joh'is Hop kyns orph Civitatis.

18 Dec., 7 Edward IV. [A.D. 1467], came Gilbert Vyncent, "sergeant," William Bromeseld, cutler, William Birde, fuller, Robert Orcherd, "gentilman," Edmund Graveley, carpenter, and entered into bond in the sum of £20 for the payment into the Chamber by the said Gilbert of a like sum, to the use of Thomas, son of John Hopkyns, late goldsmith, on his coming of age.

Folio 56.

Fresentacio Joh is Gregory ad quandam Canteriam quinq' Can tariar' in Capella b'te Marie juxta Guihald' London'.

Letter from the Mayor and Chamberlain to Thomas [Kempe], Bishop of London, presenting John Gregory, chaplain, for admission to one of the five chantries founded in the Guildhall Chapel by Adam Fraunceys and Henry Frowyk. Dated under the seals of the said Mayor and Chamberlain 2 Feb., A D 1467[-8].

Ordinacio fact' pro mensura torib' salis.

11 Feb., 7 Edward IV. [A.D. 1467-8], a controversy having arisen between Thomas Oulegreve, the Mayor, and the Wardens of the Mistery of Salters touching the appointment to the office of Measurer of Salt, it was ordained by the said Mayor and William Hulyn, Hugh Wiche, Thomas Cook, (fn. 7) Ralph Josselyn, Ralph Verney, John Yong, John Lambert, Robert Basset, John Stoktone, William Costantyne, Henry Waver, John Bromer, William Edward, John Tate, and Bartholomew James, Aldermen, assembled in the inner Chamber of the Guildhall, after consulting ancient precedents, that thenceforth the Wardens of the said Mistery should, as of old accustomed, present to the Mayor and Aldermen a Measurer of Salt, to be by them admitted and sworn to that office, unless there be reasonable cause to the contrary.

Ordinacio de Tegulatorib'.

18 Feb., 7 Edward IV. [A.D. 1467-8], came good men of the Mistery of Tilers into the Court of the lord the King in the Chamber of the Guildhall, before Thomas Oulegreve, the Mayor, William Hulyn, Richard Lee, Hugh Wyche, Thomas Cook, Ralph Josselyn, Ralph Verney, Thomas Ursewyk the Recorder, (fn. 8) John Stoktone, William Hamptone, John Plomer, Bartholomew James, Humphrey Hayford, and William Taillour, Aldermen, and presented a petition to the said Mayor and Aldermen and Common Council complaining that tiles were then so insufficiently wrought that instead of enduring for 40 or 50 years as they used to do, they lasted no more than 3 or 4 years. They explained to the Court that tiles should be made "with batter temperd cley that is to saye the cley therof shulde be diged and caste at Mighelmasse and soo lye open to Cristmas thanne next folowing, and thanne to be turned and caste ayen wherby the marle and the chalke shulde breke out like as chalkestones and cloddis liyng in the Frost ar woned to doo And thanne in the March thanne next ensuyng therof shulde be made tyles goode and profitable like as it have been of olde tyme, but it is soo in theis daies the Tiles been made soo hastely not havyng the wether and processe of tyme as it is aforerehersed." (fn. 9)

They pray therefore that the Fellowship of the Craft of Tilers may be restored to its franchises, notwithstanding any Act of the Common Council to the contrary; (fn. 10) that it may elect two Wardens, to be sworn before the Mayor and Aldermen, to present falsely made tiles, and that all tiles should conform to the samples in the custody of the City Chamberlain, &c.

Their petition granted.

Folio 56 b.

Consuetudo concern' apprentic'.

In a plea of debt on demand of 10 marks levied in the Court of the lord the King, before Thomas Stalbroke, one of the Sheriffs, between Thomas Houghton, plaintiff, and George Warre, defendant, by reason of a recognizance made by the said George in favour of the said Thomas, the said defendant, in bar of the debt, alleged an immemorial custom in the City, to the effect that if any apprentice of a freeman made a bond in any sum of money to another freeman, without permission of his master, the freeman to whom the bond was delivered knowing the fact of apprenticeship, such a bond was void.

Folio 57.

The plaintiff denied the existence of such a custom, and on the 22nd March, 8 Edward IV. [A.D. 1467-8], the Mayor and Aldermen certified that such a custom did not exist.

Custod' pueror' Jo his Gugge peautrer orph' Civitat'.

14 April, 8 Edward IV. [A.D. 1468], came Everard Newkyrk, Peter Bisshop, Thomas Godelok, "peautrers," and John Martyn, "taillour," and entered into bond in the sum of £40 for the delivery into the Chamber of the sum of 10 marks and divers jewels and silver plate, to the use of Elena, Isabella, Margaret, and Johanna, daughters of John Gugge, late "peautrer," when they severally come of age or marry, the aforesaid Everard having been appointed guardian of the said orphans.

Folio 57 b.

Nota quendam arrest' per Thomam Wyngfeld Cust' Marisc' infra lib'tatem et iterum rest' etc.

Be it remembered that on the 28th April, 8 Edward IV. [A.D. 1468], in the presence of Thomas Oulegreve, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, in the inner Chamber of the Guildhall, Thomas Wyngfeld, Keeper of the King's Marshalsea—by whose order John Doys, "berebruer," had been arrested within the liberty of the City, viz., between St. Katherine's Hospital and the bridge there, and carried to the Marshalsea, and there imprisoned contrary to the liberty of the City— promised to release the said John Doys and restore him to the same place where he had been arrested; and that was done immediately after midday of the same day, in the presence of the Prior of Christchurch, Thomas Stalbroke, one of the Sheriffs, the Chamberlain, and the Common Clerk, who had been appointed by the Court to receive the said John Doys at that spot.

Custodia Joh'is Horn filii Roberti Horn orph'i Civitat'.

20 May, 8 Edward IV. [A.D. 1468], came Philip Hardben and Bartholomew Horewoode, grocers, William Heryot, sherman, and Thomas Ostriche, haberdasher, and entered into bond in the sum of £300 for the payment into the Chamber of the sum of £275 10s. 4½d., to the use of John, the youngest son (filius ac postumus) of Robert Horne, deceased, on his coming of age or marriage, which sum, in addition to £11 17s. ½d. due from Nicholas Sharpe to the said orphan, formed a third part of the goods left by the said Robert to be distributed among Johanna, Anna, Robert, and the aforesaid John, his children.

Folio 58.

Custoiia Roberti Horn filii Roberti Horne or phani Civitatis.

24 May, 8 Edward IV. [A.D. 1468], came the above Philip, Bartholomew, William, and Thomas, and entered into a bond in the sum of £300 for the payment into the Chamber of a like sum to the use of Robert, son of Robert Horne, late Alderman, (fn. 11) on his arriving at the age of twenty-four years, by the above Philip, who had been appointed guardian to the said orphan.

Exon'acio Hug' Broun groc'i ab assisis etc.

15 May, 8 Edward IV. [A.D. 1468], Hugh Broun, grocer, discharged by the Mayor and Aldermen from serving on juries, &c., owing to deafness.

Folio 58 b.

Imprisonamentum Stephani Fabya i q' recusavit recipere officium Aldermannat'.

30 July, (fn. 12) 8 Edward IV. [A.D. 1468], Stephen Fabyan, draper, presented by the inhabitants of Bridge Ward, together with others [not named], (fn. 13) according to custom, in order that one of them might be elected Alderman of that Ward, and thereupon the said Stephen was so elected by Thomas Oulegreve, the Mayor, Richard Lee, Ralph Josselyn, Thomas Urssewyk the Recorder, William Taillour, George Irland, Robert Basset, John Stoktone, William Hamptone, John Tate, William Costantyn, Bartholomew James, William Edwarde, John Bromer, and John Warde, Aldermen; and because the said Stephen refused to undertake the burden and to take the oath, he was committed by the said Mayor and Aldermen to Newgate until favour should be shown him.

Afterwards, viz., on the 31st July, the said Stephen was released, inasmuch as it was found on examination by the said Mayor and Aldermen that he had not sufficient estate to maintain the dignity of the office of Mayor and Sheriff. (fn. 14)

Eleccio Vicecomit'.

Wednesday the Feast of St. Matthew [21 Sept.], 8 Edward IV. [A.D. 1468], in the presence of Thomas Oulegreve, the Mayor, William Hulyn, Richard Lee, Matthew Philippe, Ralph Josselyn, John Yong, William Taillour, George Irland, John Stokdone, William Costantyn, John Tate, John Bromer, Bartholomew James, Humphrey Heyfford, William Hampton, William Edward, Henry Waver, and John Warde, Aldermen, and very many Commoners summoned to the Guildhall for the election of Sheriffs—Simon Smyth was elected one of the Sheriffs of London and Middlesex by the Mayor, and William Heryot, sherman, was elected the other Sheriff by the Commonalty.

The same day Robert Colwich, tailor, was elected Chamberlain; Peter Calcot and Peter Alfold were elected Wardens of London Bridge; and William Edwarde and William Hamptone, Aldermen, Robert Sympson, draper, John Crosseby, grocer, Roger Tygoo, "taillour," and William Cardemaker, grocer, Commoners, were elected Auditors of the accounts of the Chamber and of the Wardens of London Bridge in arrear.

Afterwards, viz., on the eve of St. Michael [29 Sept.], the said Sheriffs were sworn at the Guildhall, and on the morrow of the said Feast were presented, admitted, &c., before the Barons of the Exchequer.

Eleccio Maioris.

Thursday the Feast of Translation of St. Edward [13 Oct.], 8 Edward IV. [A.D. 1468], in the presence of Thomas Oulegreve, the Mayor, the Prior of Christchurch, William Hulyn, Richard Lee, Matthew Philippe, Ralph Josselyn, John Yong, Thomas Urssewyk the Recorder, William Taillour, John Lambart, Robert Basset, George Irland, John Stoktone, John Tate, Humphrey Hayfford, William Hamptone, William Edwarde, William Costantyn, Bartholomew James, John Bromer, John Warde, and Thomas Stalbroke, Aldermen, Simon Smythe and William Heryot, the Sheriffs, and an immense Commonalty summoned to the Guildhall for the election of a Mayor for the year ensuing—William Taillour was elected.

Afterwards, viz., on the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.], the said Mayor was sworn at the Guildhall, and on the morrow was presented, admitted, &c., before the Barons of the Exchequer.

De liberatura Maioris et Cam'e.

28 Oct., 8 Edward IV. [A.D. 1468], ordinance by William Taillour the Mayor, William Hulyn, Richard Lee, Matthew Philippe, Ralph Josselyn, John Yonge, Ralph Verney, Thomas Urssewyk the Recorder, George Irland, Robert Basset, John Stokdone, William Hamptone, John Tate, John Bromer, William Edwarde, Humphrey Hayfford, Bartholomew James, John Warde, and Thomas Stalbroke, Aldermen, that thenceforth every year the Chamberlain for the time being, about the Feast of the Nativity of St. John Bapt. [24 June], shall provide cloth called "Ray" for the Feast of the Nativity of our Lord next ensuing for the livery of the Mayor and of the Chamber, and that the said Chamberlain shall submit a sample thereof to the Mayor and Aldermen.

Folio 59.

De eleccione Subeschaetoris.

22 Nov., 8 Edward IV. [A.D. 1468], ordinance by the Mayor and Aldermen that thenceforth there shall be elected yearly by the Mayor and Aldermen a Sub-escheator, who shall in no wise be changed by the Mayor, and pursuant to this ordinance Robert Corffe, "gentilman," was elected and sworn to that office.

Recogn' pro pu'is Thome [sic] Hill.

9 Dec., 8 Edward IV. [A.D. 1468], came John Shelley, John Alburgh, Ralph Kempe, and William Sewster, mercers, and entered into bond in the sum of £17.

The condition of the above recognizance appears in the Journal of that date. (fn. 15)

Custodia Thome Hill filii Ric'i Hill orphan' Civitatis.

9 Dec., 8 Edward IV. [A.D. 1468], came Richard Wellys, grocer, John Thomson, brewer (pandovator), Robert Turnour and Henry Prune, tailors, and entered into bond in the sum of £20 for payment into the Chamber by the said Richard Wellys of a like sum to the use of Thomas, son of Richard Hille, late haberdasher, on his coming of age.

Folio 59 b.

Custodia pueror' Joh'is Devers orph' Civitatis.

17 Dec., 8 Edward IV. [A.D. 1468], came Humfrey Gentilez, merchant of "Luca," Amaneus (fn. 16) Bartet and William Clement, drapers, and Thomas Hertwell, saddler, and entered into bond in the sum of £50 for the payment into the Chamber by the said Humfrey of a like sum to the use of Thomas and Raphael, sons of John Devers, the same being patrimony bequeathed to them and Elizabeth their sister, since deceased.

Feod' concess' Thome Torald.

20 Jan., 8 Edward IV. [A.D. 1468-9], grant by William Taillour, the Mayor, William Hulyn, Richard Lee, Matthew Philippe, Ralph Josselyn, Thomas Oulegreve, Thomas Urssewyk the Recorder, George Irland, John Bromer, Thomas Stalbroke, Robert Drope, John Crosseby, Ralph Verney, John Stoktone, and John Warde, Aldermen, to Thomas Torald, "gentilman," of a gown of ray and a sum of 6s. 8d., to be delivered yearly out of the Chamber for life, on account of his services to the City.

Custod' Ric'i Holbeche fil Ric'i Holbeche orph' Civitatis.

8 Feb., 8 Edward IV. [A.D. 1468-9], came William Kerver, fishmonger, Henry Neville, "iremonger," and Ralph Bere, and entered into bond in the sum of 100 marks for the delivery into the Chamber by the said William Kerver of the sum of 40 marks and certain jewels to the use of Richard, son of Richard Holbeche, deceased, on his coming of age.

Judicium redditum sup' uno Vicecomit pro strict' custod'.

9 Feb., 8 Edward IV. [A.D. 1468-9], whereas Simon Smythe, one of the Sheriffs of the City, had been convicted of having imprisoned John "Wetherley," draper, in the Poultry Compter. in a dark room, and had put him in irons and bound his arms behind him with iron manacles; and, further, had bound his neck with an iron fastening to his feet, which were in stocks, so that his neck was bent and his whole body hung in the stocks, away from the ground and without other support, so that through excessive pain he despaired of his life, and so continued for almost an hour, until the said Simon, moved by his outcry, released him from his torture, leaving him, however, still in irons on the ground; and whereas the said Simon had taken divers goods and jewels from the prisoner, it was ordained by William Taillour, the Mayor, and the Aldermen that the said Simon should restore the said goods and jewels to the said John Wetherley, and pay him the sum of £100 for the ill-treatment inflicted, and further should himself be committed to Ludgate prison, there to remain until, &c., as a warning to others.

Folio 60 b.

Custod' pueror' Joh'is Bolton orph' Civitatis.

8 March, 9 Edward IV. [A.D. 1468-9], came William Enfeld, Thomas Enfeld, and Thomas Bonde, fishmongers, and Thomas Randys, girdler, and entered into bond in the sum of 50 marks for the payment into the Chamber of the sum of 20 marks by the said William Enfeld to the use of William, son of John Bolton, late cordwainer; and a sum of 10 marks to the use of John, the youngest son (postumus filius) of the same, on their coming of age; and a further sum of 20 marks bequeathed to Mark, another son of the same, since deceased.

Custod' Roberti Horn filii Roberti Horn orph' Civitat'.

The same day came William Hole, William Pembrige, and Thomas Cole, skinners, and Nicholas Plumme, "hurer," and entered into bond in the sum of 500 marks for payment into the Chamber by the said William Hole of a like sum to the use of Robert, son of Robert Horne, on his attaining the age of 24 years.

Footnotes

1 A marginal note to the effect that the recognizance was void mas much as the orphan had died, and on the 15th April, 9 Edward IV. [A.D. 1469], the above Richard Hale had paid the money to Thomas Herward, draper, executor of Simon Eyre.
2 A marginal note to the effect that the orphan acknowledged satis faction 17th Sept., 16 Edward IV. [A.D. 1476].
3 A marginal note states that the recognizance is void as appears in the Journal, 9th March, 13 Edward IV. [A.D. 1472-3]. Journal 8, fo. 43b.
4 This ordinance was necessitated by the attitude taken up by the Earl of Warwick towards the King and his wife's family, the Woodvilles. In the summer of the following year Parliament again forbade "liveries of company," as it had frequently done before ('Rot. Parl.,' v. 632.)
5 The ordinances are set out in Black's 'Hist., &c. of the Leather sellers' Company,' pp. 32-5.
6 Margin: 22 April, 16 Henry VII. [A.D. 1501], came Henry Newton, "girdeler," who married the above Elena, and acknowledged, &c.
7 It is recorded that "Sir Thomas Cook, Knyght and Alderman" (he having received the honour of Knight hood with three other Aldermen in 1465), was this year arrested for treason; that he was brought to trial at the Guildhall and acquitted, but was afterwards committed to the King's Bench, whence he only ob tained his release on payment of a fine of £8,000 to the King. Cotton MS. Vitellius A xvi, fo. 127. (Kingsford's 'Chronicles of London,' p. 179). In November of the same year he was discharged (exoneratur) from his Aldermanry (Broad Street Ward) by the King's orders.— Journal 7, fo. 182. He afterwards became Alderman of Bread Street Ward; but was displaced in 1471. See Beaven's 'Aldermen of London,' pp. 47, 72, 256. He appears, however, again as an Alderman in 1472. Infra, p. 94.
8 See note supra, p. 66.
9 Cf. "An Act for making of Tile' (Stat. 17 Edw. IV. cap. iv. A.D. 1477), which prescribed (inter alia) that the earth for making tiles "shall be digged and cast up before the first day of November next before that they shall be made, and that the same earth be stirred and turned before the first day of February then next following the same digging and casting up, and not wrought before the first day of March next following; and that the same earth before it be put to making of Tile be truly wrought and tried from stones, and also that the veins called Malin or Marle and Chalk...... shall be law fully and truly severed and cast from the earth whereof any such Tile shall be made."
10 See ordinance of 1461, supra, p. 12.
11 Of Bridge Ward, 1444-56.
12 Elsewhere the date given is 23 July. Journal 7, fo. 175 b.
13 Their names are recorded in the Journal referred to in preceding note as John Brampton, fishmonger, and Simon Smyth and Richard Rawlyns, grocers.
14 In the following year he was elected Alderman of Bishopsgate Ward, but was again discharged on similar grounds. Infra, fo. 6 4b.
15 Journal 7, fo. 184, where it is recorded that the recognizance is to be void on condition the above John Shelley pays into the Chamber a like sum to the use of Richard, son of Richard Hill, late haberdasher, on his coming of age, that sum being part of a sum of £80 bequeathed by Richard Hill, the father, to John, Thomas, Richard, and Henry, hissons.
16 A Latin form of the French "Amanieu," a common Christian name in Guienne. See Notes and Queries, 3 Sept., 1910, p. 197. That being so, the name recorded in 'Calendar Letter-Book A,' p. 127, "Amanin" de Terriz, as that of a burgess of St. Emilion, should have been read "Amaniu," although it is also recorded in the Latin form "Amanicinus," or "Amanicius."