Custod' pueror' Will'i Seyger.
23 Nov., 22 Edward IV. [A.D. 1482], came Philip Payn,
Robert Darlyngton, Robert Coldham, and William Copynger,
fishmongers, and entered into bond in the sum of £79 6s. 2d.
for the delivery into the Chamber by the said Philip of the sum
of £75 and a silver-gilt cup and covercle to the use of Thomas,
Henry, and Elizabeth, children of William Seyger, late fishmonger, when they come of age or marry. (fn. 1)
Folio 181 b.
Commissio Regis sup' caristiam frumenti et al' blador'.
Writ to the Sherift of Sussex to make proclamation that, in
view of the prevailing scarcity, wheat, malt, rye, beans, peas,
oats, and other grain might freely be brought to the
City of London (without interception by the King's Purveyors)
out of the county of Sussex, provided it be shipped from the
ports of Wynchelsee and Chechestre, and surety be given to the
King's Customers that the grain would be carried to the City
of London and not elsewhere. Witness the King at Westminster, 21 Nov., 22 Edward IV. [A.D. 1482].
A note of similar writs having been sent to the Sheriff of
Cornwall for the ports of Plymouth and Fowey; the Sheriff of
Devonshire for the ports of Dartmouth and Exmouth; the
Sheriff of Southampton for the port of Southampton; the
Sheriffs of Somerset and Dorset for the ports of "Pole" and
Weymouth; the Sheriff of Kent for the port of Sandwich and
its "creeks"; and the Sheriffs of Norfolk, Suffolk, and Lincoln
for the port of Boston.
Similar writ to the Sheriff of Surrey set out.
A note of similar writs having been sent to the Sheriffs of
Cambridgeshire, Hertfordshire, Bedfordshire, Buckinghamshire,
Oxfordshire, Berkshire, and Essex.
5 Dec., 22 Edward IV. [A.D. 1482], came the Wardens and
good men of the Craft of Bruers into the Court of the lord
the King in the Chamber of the Guildhall, before Edmund
Shaa, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, and prayed that certain
articles for the regulation of the Craft might be approved to
the following effect :—
First, that every person occupying the "craft or feet" of
brewing within the franchise make, or cause to be made, good
and "hable" ale, according in strength and fineness to the
price of malt for the time being, that no ale after it be
"clensed and sett on jeyst" (fn. 2) be put to sale or carried to
customers until it have fully "spourged" (fn. 3) and been tasted
and viewed by the Wardens of the Craft or their Deputy,
according to the ordinances and customs of the City, and that
the taster allow no ale that is not "holesome for mannys
body," under penalty of imprisonment and a fine.
That ale be not sent out in other men's vessels without leave
of the owners of the vessels.
That no brewer maintain a "foreyn" to retail his ale within
the franchise of the City.
That no brewer entice customers of another occupying the
That no brewer engage a "Typler" (fn. 4) or "Huxster" to
retail his ale until he be sure that the said "Typler" or
"Huxster" is clearly out of debt and danger (fn. 5) for ale to any
other person occupying the craft of brewing within the franchise.
That no "Tipler" or Huckster lend, sell, break, or "kutte"
any barrel, kilderkin, or ferkin belonging to any other
brewer without leave of the owner.
That every person keeping a house and being a Brother of
Bruers and occupying the craft of brewing pay quarterage
towards the great charges and cost of the Craft and Fraternity.
That no one of the Craft, whether he be in the livery of
the same or not, presume to go and dine at the feasts of the
Mayor or Sheriffs when they are presented at Westminster;
unless appointed by the Wardens to take the place of one
unable to attend.
That every freeman of the Craft obey the summons of the
Wardens on all occasions, under penalty of a fine, except for
That at every third year, on the election of new Wardens of
the Craft and Fraternity, the men of the livery shall attend
in a new gown and hood and hear Mass at the church of
St. Mary in Aldermanbury, or such other place as may be
assigned, and also attend the dinner in the Common Hall of
the Fraternity; that every such person keep the said livery
for the space of 6 years next ensuing for divers assemblies
of the Fellowship; that if he fail to attend in his livery on
any occasion, without reasonable excuse, he be fined; that if
he receive from the Wardens an "example" or "patron"
(sample or pattern) of the livery, and so be licensed to
provide and buy his cloth for the said livery where he
pleases, and the colour of the cloth so bought and provided
be not according to the colour of the said "example" or
"patron," he be also fined.
That once every quarter all members of the Fellowship
attend, on summons, at the Common Hall of the said Craft
or Fellowship, to hear read the statutes and ordinances
approved and enacted by the Mayor and Aldermen for the
good rule of the Craft, in order that no one incur penalties
through ignorance of them.
That no brewer take any servant that has not served his
time as an apprentice to the craft, and been made a freeman
of the City; nor keep in his house at one time more than two
or three apprentices at the most; that all such apprentices be
first presented to the Wardens in the Common Hall of the
Craft, and by them be publicly examined as to their birth,
"clenesse of their bodies, and other certeyn poyntes".
That apprentices be presented to the Wardens by their
master before admission to the freedom of the City, so that
it may be ascertained whether they have duly served their
term, and that no apprentice who has served his term shall
become a Chief brewer or Under brewer, and therefore take
wages, until certified as able by the said Wardens under penalty
That no one buy malt brought to the City by land or water
until carried to the "key" or other market places therefor
ordained, and there openly overseen and searched by the
Wardens of the Craft or their deputy; that the said mall be
"clene, swete, drye, and wele made, and not capped in the
Sakkes (fn. 6) nor Rawdried malte, dank or wete malte, or made of
mowe (fn. 7) brent barly, belyed (fn. 8) malte, Edgrove malte, (fn. 9) acrespired (fn. 10)
malte, wyvell eten malt or medled" to the deceit of the people,
upon pain of forfeiture.
That no one buy corn in the market and leave it in the
seller's hands with the view of enhancing its price.
That every one bringing malt or "other cornes" to the City
for sale bring it to the market places of old time used, and not
sell it by "ensample" upon pain of forfeiture.
That no one sell malt, &c., at the markets of Graschirche or
Greyfriars before 9 o'clock until the market bells be rung, nor
after the hour of 12.0; that immediately after 12.0 the malt,
&c., left unsold, be conveyed by the owners to the houses
therefor ordained, so that it be clean out of the market by
1.0 P.M., upon pain of forfeiture; that no man sell any malt,
&c., in the said markets to any "foreyn" before 11.0 A.M.,
and that between 11.0 A.M. and 12.0 P.M. every one may buy
at his liberty.
Folio 185 b.
12 Dec., 22 Edward IV. [A.D. 1482], petition by all the persons
enfranchised in the Craft or Mistery of Glovers of the City to
the Mayor and Aldermen, setting forth that they had become
so impoverished by the number of "foreyns" coming and
working at their craft in the City that they were unable to bear
the charges of the City as they had hitherto done, and praying
that certain articles for the regulation of their craft might be
The articles are to the following effect :—
First, no freeman of the Craft or Mistery nor other person
occupying the said craft shall employ any "foreyn" until
such "foreyn" has been admitted by the Wardens and
paid 6s. 8d. for being set on work; that the said "foreyn" be
subject to the Wardens, and be sworn to obey the rules and
ordinances of the Craft.
That no freeman teach another the craft, except he be bound
apprentice to the Craft, or else be free of the same, under
penalty of 13s. 4d.
That no freeman take more than 2 or 3 apprentices, nor entice
any apprentice or servant out of the service of another.
That those taking wages for their work pay quarterage.
That no freeman buy any gloves made in the country,
to sell again, until such gloves have been approved by the
Custod' pueror' Thome Warenger.
20 Dec., 22 Edward IV. [A.D. 1482], came William Redy,
Richard Lakyn, Edmund Worsley, mercers, and entered into
bond in the sum of £36 for the payment into the Chamber by
the said William Redy of a like sum to the use of Elizabeth
and Johanna, daughters of Thomas Warenger, when they come
of age or marry. (fn. 11)
Folio 186 b.
Custod' Ric i Wode fil' Ric'i Wode m'cer'.
27 Feb., 22 Edward IV. [A.D. 1482-3], came William Johnson,
Nicholas Kirkeby, innholders, and Stephen Gybson, mercer,
and entered into bond in the sum of £20 for the payment
into the Chamber by the said William Johnson of a like sum
to the use of Richard, son of Richard Wode, late mercer, on
his coming of age.
Custod' pueror' Joh'is Worth talough chaundler.
7 March, 23 Edward IV. [A.D. 1482-3], came Henry Fronte,
John Benyngton, grocers, William Prime, "talough chaundler,"
and John Duklyng, fishmonger, and entered into bond in the
sum of £40 for payment into the Chamber by the said Henry
Fronte of a like sum to the use of Johanna and Alice, daughters
of John Worth, late "talough chaundler," when they come
of age or marry. (fn. 12)
Folio 187 b.
Custod' pueror' Nich'i Okerford vynter.
18 March, 23 Edward IV. [A.D. 1482-3], came Thomas
Abraham, grocer, John Palmer, fishmonger, and Richard Brent,
grocer, and entered into bond in the sum of £52 12s. 1d. for
the delivery into the Chamber by the said Thomas Abraham
of a sum of £40 and a certain mass (mass') called "plate,"
valued at £12 12s. 1d., to the use of John and Thomas, sons
of Nicholas Okerford, late "vynter," when they come of
age. (fn. 13)
Anno primo Edwardi V. (fn. 14)
Folios 188-9 b.
22 April, 1 Edward V. [A.D. 1483], came the Wardens and
good folks of the Craft of Shermen of the City and prayed that
certain articles for the regulation of the Craft might be approved
The articles are to the following effect :—
First, that householders of the Craft having more than two
apprentices shall take no others until the terms of such
apprentices have expired, and afterwards shall have no more
than two apprentices, under penalty of a fine.
That a new apprentice may be taken a year before the
expiration of the term of one of the two apprentices, and a third
apprentice may be taken who has lost his master by death,
and been "sett over" to another by the Chamberlain.
That no apprentice after the expiration of his term presume
to work "in journey" with any of the Craft until he has satisfied
the Wardens and twelve others of the Craft of his ability, and
if he fail in this, he shall be put to "such a connyng place of
the said craft" as the Wardens and the twelve may assign,
there to perfect himself in his work, receiving wages, meat and
drink at the discretion of the said Wardens.
That presentation of apprentices to be made freemen in the
Chamber be done in the presence of the three Wardens, or at
least two of them, under penalty of a fine.
That no one of the Craft employ more journey men or
covenant men than four at once, besides his apprentices, without
That no one of the Craft henceforth shall "flok powder ne
stop' deceivably wt oile or grese" any cloth after shearing
thereof, under penalty of the pillory and a fine.
That no man of the Craft, being in the livery or otherwise,
leave the Craft for any other Fellowship without licence of the
Mayor and Aldermen, (fn. 15) under penalty of forfeiting £40.
Folio 189 b.
Proclamac' contra mere trices vagant' circa Civita tem.
"For to eschewe the stynkyng and horrible Synne of Lechery
the whiche daily groweth and is used more than it hath been
in dates past by the meanes of Strumpettes mysguyded and idil
women daily vagraunt and walkyng aboute by the stretes and
lanes of this Citee of London and Suburbes of the same and also
repairyng to Taverns and oþere private places of the said Citee
provokyng many oþere persones unto the said Synne of
lechery Whereby moche people aswell men as women being
of theym self weldisposed daily fall to the said myschevous
and horrible Synne To the grete displeasur of Almyghty God
and distourbaunce and brekyng of the Kyng our soveraign
lordes peas and of the politique guydyng of the Citee aforesaid
My lord the Mair and my Maisters the Aldremen streitly
chargen and commaunden uppon the King our soveraign lordes
behalf that all suche Strumpettes and mysguyded and idill
women aswell dwellyng as Resortyng to the said Citee of
London or Suburbes of the same departe and wtdrawe theym
self and in no wise be so hardy to come ayen Resorte or
abide wtin the said Citee or libertie uppon payn þerefore
ordeigned and that no persone wtin the same Citee and libertie
eide comfort nor receive any suche mysguided and ill disposed
women uppon þe payne therefore lymyted and ordeigned,
straitly chargyng constables and all oþere officers of the said
Citee to arrest all suche mysguyded and idill women as been
aforerehersed where so ever ther shalbe founde wtin the
same Citee and to brynge theym to one of the Countours there
to abide the punysshment and correccioun of the lawe for suche
mysdoers ordeigned." [No date.]
Custod' pueror' Ric'i Baret hab'dassher.
4 May, 1 Edward V. [A.D. 1483], came William Boket,
haberdasher, William Purchace, Roger Bowcer, and Thomas
Hore, mercers, and entered into bond in the sum of £280 for
payment into the Chamber by the said William Boket of a like
sum to the use of Bartholomew, Johanna, Agnes, Elizabeth,
Juliana, Alice, and Anne, children of Richard Baret, late haberdasher, when they come of age or marry. (fn. 16)
Exon'acio Thome Diker ab assis' etc.
27 May, 1 Edward V. [A.D. 1483], Thomas Diker, tailor,
discharged by Edmund Shaa, the Mayor, and the Aldermen
from serving on juries, &c., owing to his infirmities.
Folio 190 b.
Concessio fc'a Inhabitant' de p'och' Sc'i Egidii extra Crepulgate etc pro conductu ib'm h'end' etc.
Tuesday, 3 June, 1 Edward V. [A.D. 1483], petition to the
Common Council by the inhabitants of the parish of St. Giles
without Cripplegate setting forth that John Middelton, executor
of William Estfeld, late Knight and Alderman, had conveyed
water from Hybery to the said parish on condition that the
inhabitants should make a sufficient cistern and conduit to
receive the said water, and that the inhabitants had accordingly
made such a cistern at great cost. (fn. 17) They therefore prayed
the Common Council to ordain that the said cistern and water
might become vested in them for evermore, subject to the
right of every inhabitant of the City to take water from the said
cistern at will, and that the repair of the cistern, pipes, &c.,
should be made at the cost of the City, as in the case of other
cisterns and conduits.
Their prayer granted.
Petitions by the Mayor and citizens to the Duke of Norfolk,
Steward of England, praying that they may be allowed to
execute the customary services at the Coronation of Richard III.
and Anne his consort. (fn. 18)
Here follows a record to the effect that the lord
Richard III., King of England, and Dame Anne his consort,
were crowned at Westminster, 6 July, in the first year of their
reign, and on the day of the coronation of the said King and
Queen, after the banquet was finished, at which Edmund Shaa,
the Mayor, and the Aldermen, and certain citizens chosen by the
Common Council to attend upon the Chief Butler of England
according to custom were honourably and graciously treated,
the said Mayor, after the banquet as aforesaid, offered the King
wine in a gold cup with gold ewer (fiola) full of water to
temper the wine, and after the King had taken the wine the
said Mayor retained the cup and ewer for his own use (fn. 19) Likewise the said Mayor, after the said banquet, offered wine to
the Queen in a gold cup with gold ewer of water, and after
receiving the wine she gave the cup and ewer to the Mayor
pursuant to the privileges, liberties, and customs of the City
of London on such occasions. (fn. 20)
Folio 191 b.
The names of the citizens elected by the Common Council
to attend the Chief Butler of England, viz., Henry Cote,
goldsmith, John Tate, mercer, William Sandes, grorer,
William Spark, draper, John Swan, tailor, Thomas Ostriche,
haberdasher, William Maryner, salter, Richard Knyght, fishmonger, John Pasmer, skinner, Thomas Breteyn, "irmonger,"
Roger Forde, vintner.
Exon'acio Joh'is Fissher Aldr'i ab officio suo etc.
John Fissher, Alderman, discharged by the Mayor and
Aldermen from serving as Alderman or any other office, he
consenting to give the sum of 400 marks towards the repan of
the Cross in Chepe and other City works. Dated 31 July,
1 Richard III. [A.D. 1483].
Ordinacio ae Inholders.
31 July, 1 Richard III. [A.D. 1483], came good men of the
Mistery of 'Inholders" into the Court of the lord the King in the
Chamber of the Guildhall, before Edmund Shaa, Knight and
Mayor, and the Aldermen, and presented a petition praying
that certain ordinances for the better regulation of the Mistery
might be approved.
The ordinances are to the following effect :—
That people resorting to the City, with their horses or
without, be lodged in open inns, having signs hanging out, in
open streets, and not in private and "pety hostryes," under
That a "botell" of hay weigh 5 lb. of troy weight as of old.
That the Wardens of the Craft have the right of search for
horsebread "deceivably medled,"baked, or made, being
accompanied by an officer of the Mayor when searching
without their Fellowship.
That oats and beans brought to the City for sale be brought
to the open markets, and not harboured in houses or inns.
That no brown-bread baker, baking horsebread or any other
bread, keep any inn or horse to livery, on pain of forfeiting 40s.
That no innkeeper suffer any foreign horsebread to be
brought into his house or "colour" it by any of his guests.
Their petition granted.
Folio 192 b.
Sunday the Feast of St. Matthew [21 Sept.], 1 Richard III.
[A.D. 1483], in the presence of Edmund Shaa, Knight and
Mayor, the Prior of Christchurch, Thomas Fitz William the
Recorder, (fn. 21) Robert Drope, Robert Basset, Richard Gardyner,
John Broun, William "Haryot," Thomas Stalbroke, Thomas
Hille, Robert Billesdone, Hugh Brice, Richard Rawson, Henry
Colet, John Stokker, John Warde, Robert Tate, William Horn,
Richard Chawry, Thomas "Northlond," William White, and
John Mathewe, Aldermen, and very many Commoners
summoned to the Guildhall for the election of Sheriffs—Thomas
"Norlond," grocer, was elected one of the Sheriffs for the City
of London and Middlesex by the Mayor, and William Martyn,
skinner, was elected the other Sheriff by the Commonalty.
The same day Milo Adys, goldsmith, was elected Chamberlain of the City for the year ensuing; William Gall, tailor,
and Henry Bumpstede, mercer, were elected Wardens of the
City Bridge; Richard Rawson, Henry Colet, Aldermen, John
Materdale, tailor, Nicholas Alwyn, mercer, William Capell,
draper, and William Purchas, mercer, Commoners, were elected
Auditors of the accounts of the Chamberlain and Wardens in
Afterwards, viz., on the eve of St. Michael [29 Sept.], the said
Sheriffs were sworn at the Guildhall, and on the morrow of the
said Feast were presented, admitted, &c., before the Barons of