Custodia Henrici Lymnour filii Thome Lymnour.
1 March, 8 Henry VII. [A. D. 1492-3], came Richard Lilbourne, gentleman, John Hede, tailor, Richard Taillour, sherman, John Hyndson, gentleman, and entered into bond in the
sum of £70 for payment into the Chamber by the said Richard
Lilbourne of a like sum to the use of Henry, son of Thomas
Lymnour, late mercer, when he comes of age.
Folio 301 b.
Custodia Ric'i Turnour filii Ric'i Turnour lynyndraper.
5 March, 8 Henry VII. [A. D. 1492-3], came Robert "Hertisshorne," Edward Dronyke (Drouyke ?), Thomas Pole, tailors,
and Robert Turnour, "peauterer," and entered into bond in the
sum of £13 6s. 8d. for the delivery into the Chamber by the
said Robert "Hertishorne" of a like sum, together with a ring,
12 silver spoons, a feather bed, and appurtenances, to the use of
Richard, son of Richard Turnour, late "lynyndraper," when
he comes of age.
Custodia Alic' Gyles filie Laur' Gyles.
12 March, 8 Henry VII. [A. D. 1492-3], came Marion Gyles,
widow, John Pasmer, skinner, Thomas Eyre, grocer, and
Richard Stutfold, "blaksmyth," and entered into bond in the
sum of £73 5s. for payment into the Chamber by the said
Marion of a like sum to the use of Alice, daughter of Laurence
Gyles, late "berebruer," when she comes of age or marries.
16 April, 8 Henry VII. [A. D. 1493], ordinance by the Mayor
and Aldermen that all bread hawked about the City for sale
should be forfeited to the Chamber and be disposed of at the
discretion of the Chamberlain, and not by the Sheriffs.
Foreyn Bakers shalle not put to sale brede within the City after xij of the clock upon payn of forfaiture of the same.
Also it was ordained by the same Mayor and Aldermen that
no foreign baker should thenceforth put to sale any bread
within the City or liberties after the hour of 12 noon, under
pain of forfeiting the said bread to the use of the Chamber if
taken and presented by an officer of the Chamber, if taken
and presented by freemen bakers, one half of the forfeiture
shall go to the Craft of freemen bakers and the other to the
Chamber; and, further, that all foreign bakers bringing bread
to the City in carts shall remove their carts by noon, on penalty
of imprisonment and fine. (fn. 1)
Folio 302 b.
Custodia pueror' Thome Bledlowe.
2 July, 8 Henry VII. [A. D. 1493], came Richard Golofer,
Richard Feldyng, mercers, George Bulstrode, William
Nightyngale, drapers, and Thomas Shenton, grocer, and entered
into bond in the sum of £506 11s. 5d. for payment into the
Chamber by the said Richard Golofer of a like sum to the
use of John, Richard, and Henry, sons of Thomas Bledlowe,
late grocer and Alderman, (fn. 2) when they come of age or marry. (fn. 3)
Ordinacio dez Skynners.
21 May, 8 Henry VII. [A. D. 1493], came the Wardens and
other good men of the Art or Mistery of Skinners and presented
a bill or supplication to the Mayor and Aldermen, complaining
that journeymen, freemen of the Craft, were unable to obtain
work owing to the great influx of strangers and foreign journeymen, and praying that it may be enacted as follows :—
"That no straunger nor foreyn herafter take upon hym
thoccupacion of the said Craft of Skynners nor take nor
occupye any house or chaumbre and therin dwelle or sojourne
with any persone within the said Citee or liberties aforesaid
upon payn of 6s. 8d., the one half therof to the Chamberleyn of
London to thuse of the said Citee and that other half to the
Felauship of Skynners," and, further, that they be not set on
work by freemen.
Their prayer granted.
Ordinacio dez Berebruers.
24 Sept., 9 Henry VII. [A. D. 1493], came the Wardens and
other good men of the Art or Mistery of "Berebruers," before
the Mayor and Aldermen, and presented a petition to the
following effect :—
That two persons submitted to them may be admitted as
Wardens of the Fellowship for the ensuing year, and be sworn
in the Court of the Guildhall, called the Mayor's Court, to rule
the Craft and see that its ordinances are observed; and that
henceforth the Rulers and Governors of the Fellowship before
going out of office, calling unto them 6 or 8 honest members,
shall choose Rulers and Governors for the following year; that
any one so chosen and refusing to take office shall forfeit 40s.,
one half to go to the Chamber and the other to the use of the
That no one of the Craft send any wheat, malt, or other
grain for brewing to the mill to be ground, nor put any hops in
the brewing unless it be clean and sweet; under penalty of 20s.
That the said Rulers, with an officer of the Chamber
appointed for the purpose, shall search all manner of hops and
other grain four times a year or more, and taste (fn. 4) and assay all
beer, as well as survey all vessels used for beer.
That no member take or "embesille" the vessels belonging
to another member, under penalty.
That no member take into his service any one who had been
proved by the Fellowship to be an "untrue or a deceyvable
servaunt in myscoryng or mystailling" between his master and
"Also that every persone of the said Feaulisship herafter
uppon a lefulle warnyng to hym geven appere at an houre and
place to hym assigned by the Rulers and Governors of the same
Craft for the tyme beyng to thentent to comon' [commune] of
and in such causes and nedes as shalle concerne the gode Rule
of the said Crafte and the comon' profite of this Citee and
none other," under penalty.
That the Rulers and Governors duly report to the Chamberlain the result of every search within 14 days.
That they render their accounts to the new Rulers within a
month of going out of office.
Their petition granted.
Folio 304 b.
Saturday the Feast of St. Matthew [21 Sept.], 9 Henry VII.
[A. D. 1493], in the presence of William Martyn, the Mayor,
Thomas Fitz William, Knt., the Recorder, John Broun, Knt.,
John Warde, William Horne, Knt., Robert Tate, William
White, Ralph Astry, John Tate, William Remyngton, John
Percivale, Knt., Ralph Tilney, William Capell, Knt., John
Broke, Henry Cote, Hugh Pemberton, William Welbeke, and
William Purches, Aldermen, and very many Commoners
summoned to the Guildhall for the election of Sheriffs—Robert
Fabian, draper, was elected one of the Sheriffs of the City of
London and Middlesex by the Mayor, and John Wynger,
grocer, was elected the other Sheriff by the Commonalty.
The same day William Milbourne, painter, was elected
Chamberlain of the City; Christopher Eliot, goldsmith, and
Simon Harrys, grocer, were elected Wardens of London
Bridge; William Remyngton and John Percivale, Aldermen,
William Sparke, draper, William Hert, tailor, Laurence
Ailmer, draper, and Richard Nonneley, grocer, Commoners,
were elected Auditors of the accounts of the Chamber and
Wardens in arrear.
Afterwards, viz., on the eve of St. Michael [29 Sept.], the
said Sheriffs were sworn at the Guildhall, and on the morrow
of the said Feast were presented, admitted, &c., before the
Barons of the Exchequer.
Exon'acio Nicholai Bacheler ab assisis.
10 Oct., 9 Henry VII. [A. D. 1493], Nicholas Bacheler, draper,
discharged by the Mayor and Aldermen from serving on
juries, &c., owing to deafness and other infirmities.
Sunday the Feast of Translation of St. Edward [13 Oct.],
9 Henry VII. [A. D. 1493], in the presence of William Martyn,
the Mayor, Thomas Fitz William the Recorder, John Broun,
Knt., John Warde, Hugh Brice, Knt., William Horne, Knt.,
Robert "Horne" [Tate ?], William White, John Mathewe,
Richard Chawry, Ralph Astry, John Tate, William Remyngton,
John Percivale, Knt., William Capell, Knt., John Broke, Hugh
Pemberton, William "Purche," and William Welbeke, Aldermen, and an immense Commonalty summoned to the Guildhall
for the election of a Mayor for the year ensuing—Ralph Astry
Afterwards, viz., on the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude
[28 Oct.], he was sworn and admitted at the Guildhall, and on
the morrow was presented, admitted, &c., before the Barons
of the Exchequer.
Ordinacio dez Curriours.
3 Oct., 9 Henry VII. [A. D. 1493], came the Wardens and
other good men of the Art or Mistery of Curriours before the
Mayor and Aldermen, and presented a petition, showing that
it had been ordained temp. Robert Drope, Mayor [A. D. 1474-5],
that all tanned leather brought to the City should be brought
to the Leadenhall, there to be searched and marked by seven
honest persons of the Crafts of "Cordwaners," "Curriours,"
and "Girdilers," or by three persons of the said Crafts, viz., one
of each, which ordinance is enrolled in the Guildhall, (fn. 5) and hitherto
has been duly observed, but that now foreign "Curriours"
dwelling without the City daily buy leather of country tanners
insufficiently tanned, "which causeth the same Tanners to
embesille and absent theym self from the said Citee and
make their marketts without, and for thentent they wille not be
serched accordyng to the said acte and ordenaunce they selle
there for 20d. or 2s. better chepe in a dyker of lether than other
welle serched and marked is solde and bought within this
Citee." They prayed, therefore, that it might be ordained
that any one buying or occupying any leather not marked
and searched at Leadenhall shall forfeit the same and incur
Also that no leather that has been searched and marked be
given to one dwelling out of the City to "cory" or dress, but
only to freemen curriers living within the City and willing to
work it at a reasonable price.
That the number of apprentices taken by members of the
Craft be limited as prescribed, viz., that no one who had been
Master or Warden should take more than three apprentices,
that no one of the Clothing who had not been Warden should
take more than two, and no one out of the livery should take
more than one.
That no servant of the Craft leave the City to work in the
country so long as he can find work in the City, without licence
of the Wardens and of his master.
That the articles ordained temp. Sir William Horne, Knt.,
be amended so far as to impose a penalty upon those guilty of
producing bad work, towards defraying the expenses of the
Wardens in every search made.
That all members attend upon summons by the Beadle,
under penalty of forfeiting a pound of wax or 6 pence for the
Their petition granted.
Custodia Rogeri Skyr with filii Joh'is Skyr with letherseller.
21 Nov., 9 Henry VII. [A. D. 1493], came Richard Bromale,
"joynour," William Rothewelle, Robert Purches, mercers, and
John Axe, dyer, and entered into bond in the sum of £125 for
payment into the Chamber by the said Richard Bromale of a
like sum to the use of Roger, son of John Skyrwith, late
leatherseller, when he comes of age.
Folio 306 b.
Presentacio Thome Carver capellani ad secundam cantariam trium cantariarum in eccl'ia Sc'i Pauli London' per Joh'em Pulteneymilit' nuper fundat'.
Letter from William Martyn, Mayor, to the Dean and
Chapter of St. Paul's, presenting Thomas Carver, chaplain, for
admission to the second of the three chantries founded for the
souls of Sir John Pulteney and Sirs William Milforde and John
Plessys, Archdeacons of Colchester, vacant by the resignation
of Sir Thomas Addyngham. Dated 2 Oct., A. D. 1493.
Custodia pueror' Thome Story pelli-parii.
13 Dec., 9 Henry VII. [A. D. 1493], came John Griffith,
"wyredrawer," Thomas Davy, tailor, Thomas Eyre, grocer, and
William Calberd, grocer, and entered into bond in the sum
of £60 for payment into the Chamber by the said John Griffith
of a like sum to the use of Robert, Mary, and Johanna,
children of Thomas Story, late skinner, when they come of
age or marry.
Custodia Joh'is Suthworth fil' Rad'i Suthworth.
28 Jan., 9 Henry VII. [A. D. 1493-4], came William Suthworth, Richard Kyng, John Draiton, and Geoffrey Cobbe,
grocers, and entered into bond in the sum of £60 for payment
into the Chamber by the said William Suthworth of a like sum
to the use of John, son of Ralph Suthworth, late grocer, when
he comes of age.
Folio 307 b.
Custodia pueror' Johannis Pace tallugh chaundler.
The same day came William Wymonde, dyer, Thomas
Wymonde, fuller, William Proude, draper, and William
Skydmore, mercer, and entered into bond in the sum of £15
for payment into the Chamber by the said William Wymonde
of a like sum to the use of Peter, Katherine, and Margaret,
children of John Pace, late "tallughchaundeler," when they
come of age or marry.
Custodia Will'i filii Henrici Nevile iremonger.
20 Feb., 9 Henry VII. [A. D. 1493-4], came John Nicholas,
tailor, William Huntyngfeld, fuller, John Welforde, cordwainer,
and Roland Byrde, "iremonger," and entered into bond in the
sum of £5 for payment into the Chamber by the said John
Nicholas of a like sum to the use of William, son of Henry
Nevile, late "iremonger," when he comes of age.
Folio 308 b.
Confirmacio Thome Butside et Henrici Wodcol Secundar' in [sic].
18 Feb., 9 Henry VII. [A. D. 1493-4], ordinance by Ralph
Astry, Knt., the Mayor, Thomas Fitz William, Knt., the
Recorder, John Broun, John Warde, Hugh Brice, Knt., William
Horne, Knt., Robert Tate, William White, John Mathewe,
William Martyn, Knt., John Tate, John Percyvale, Knt., John
Fenkell, Knt., William Remyngton, William Isaac, Ralph
Tilney, William Capell, Knt., John Broke, Henry Cote, Hugh
Pemperton, William Welbeke, and William Purches, Aldermen, sitting in full Court in the Inner Chamber of the Guildhall,
that Thomas Butside (fn. 6) and Henry Wodecok, the Secondaries in
the two Compters (fn. 7) of the City, shall thenceforth remain in
office under the authority of the Court of Mayor and Aldermen
during good behaviour, and shall not be removed therefrom
except by authority of the said Court, and then only for reasonable cause. (fn. 8)
Custodia pueror' Joh'is Hertyngton sellar' London'.
6 March, 9 Henry VII. [A. D. 1493-4], came William
"Wystowe," John Auncell, Richard Aubrey, John Haryngton,
haberdashers, and William Lilly, "brouderer," and entered
into bond in the sum of £40 for payment into the Chamber by
the said William "Wistowe" of a like sum to the use of John,
Robert, and Johanna, children of John Hertyngton, late saddler,
when they come of age or marry. (fn. 9)
Folio 309 b.
Presentacio Nich'i Willys ad secundam cantar' trium cantar' in eicl'ia Sc'i Pauli London'.
Letter from Ralph Astry, the Mayor, to the Dean and
Chapter of St. Paul's, presenting Nicholas Wyllys, chaplain,
for admission to the second of the three chantries founded in
that church for the souls of Sir John Pulteney, Knt., and Sirs
William Milford and John Plesseys, Archdeacons of Colchester,
vacant by the death of Thomas Carver. Dated 23 June,
A. D. 1494.
Ordinacio dez Whitebal ers.
25 June, 9 Henry VII. [A. D. 1494], came the Wardens and
other good men of the Art or Mistery of Whitebakers, and
prayed that a certain penalty might be imposed on foreign
bakers who failed to remove their carts by a certain hour as
prescribed temp. Sir William Martyn, Mayor, "as there is none
other payn assessed nor lymyted but only the forfaiture" (of the
bread). (fn. 10) They further prayed that their Wardens might have
the search and oversight, under the Mayor for the time being,
of the assize of all foreign bread brought into the City for sale,
inasmuch as foreign bakers brought and sold bread made of
evil and unwholesome paste, and passed it off as bread made by
Their prayer granted.
Custodia pueror' Joh'is Austeyn civis dum vixit et piscenar'.
15 July, 9 Henry VII. [A. D. 1494], came Agnes Austeyn,
widow, Henry Somer, haberdasher, John Austeyn, fishmonger,
and Thomas Turke, fishmonger, and entered into bond in the
sum of £80 for payment into the Chamber by the said Agnes
of a like sum to the use of Johanna and Katherine, daughters
of John Austeyn, late fishmonger, when they come of age or
Folio 310 b.
Ordinacio Cissorum etc.
20 July, 9 Henry VII. [A. D. 1494], came the Wardens and
good men of the Art or Mistery of Tailors before the Mayor
and Aldermen, and complained that freemen journeymen of the
Craft were unable to obtain work owing to the influx of
"persones aswelle aliaunt' straungiers as Foreyns journeymen";
and further, that a great number of strangers "botchers"
infested the City, each keeping daily in his house three or four
strangers occupying the same handicraft, to the great prejudice
of the King's liege subjects, who would gladly undertake the
work if the strangers were not there; and this contrary to the
statute of Richard III. passed in restraint of strangers. (fn. 11)
They pray therefore "that it may be enacted and entred of
Recorde as is entred for the Crafte of Skynners (fn. 12) that no
straunger nor foreyn herafter takyng upon hym the said
occupacion of Taillours take nor occupie any house shop or
Chamber and therin dwell or sojourne wt any persone within
the said Citee or libertie of the same upon payn to forfait at
every default 6s. 8d. the one half therof to the Chamberleyn of
London to thuse of the said Citee and the other half therof to
the said Feaulisship of taillours."
Also that no one occupying the Craft employ any journeyman
unless he be a freeman of the City.
Their prayer granted.