Acquitance fait par le Mair as merchantzdes villes Damieux Corby et Neel.
Acquittance under the Mayoralty seal for the sum of 50
marks received from John de Burneux, merchant of Amiens,
pursuant to the "composition" made between the City of London
and merchants of Amiens, Corby, and Neel. (fn. 1) Dated 25 Aug.,
L'ra missa d'no Bedford per Maiorem et Aldr'os.
Letter from the Mayor and Aldermen to the Duke of Bedford
congratulating him upon his "cronicable and victoriouse exploit" at "Vermeil on Perche." [No date.] (fn. 2)
Folio. 21 b.
Br'e de proclamacione pro Triinkes amovend'.
Writ to the Sheriff of Middlesex (fn. 3) that he cause the following statute made in the last Parliament to be proclaimed
within his bailiwick. Witness the King at Westminster, 12 July,
2 Henry VI. [A.D. 1424].
Ordinacio pro Triinkes amovend'.
Ordinance for the removal of engines called "Triinkes"
fastened or anchored in the Thames and other rivers, as they
destroyed the fry of fish, but allowing the use of the same
engines when drawn by hand, at suitable seasons, and not fixed.
Br'e pro aqua Thamisie.
Writ to the Mayor that he cause all nets called "Trynkes"
and others with too small meshes, &c., to be removed from the
Thames within the City's jurisdiction pursuant to an order
made in the Parliament held anno 9 Henry V. (fn. 4) and the statute
made anno 1 Henry VI. Witness the King at Westminster,
4 Sept., 3 Henry VI. [A.D. 1424].
Eleccio Simonis Seman et Joh'is Bithewater in vic'.
Thursday the Feast of St. Matthew [21 Sept.], 3 Henry VI.
[A.D. 1424], in the presence of William Crowmere, the Mayor,
John. Fray, the Recorder, Henry Bartone, William Sevenoke,
William Cauntbrige, John Michell, John Reynwell, John Coventre, John Perneis, Ralph Bartone, John Welles, Robert Tatersalle, Simon Seman, William Estfeld, and Nicholas James,
Aldermen, and very many Commoners summoned to the Guildhall for the election of Sheriffs, Simon Seman, vintner, was
elected one of the Sheriffs by the Mayor, and John Bithewater
was elected the other Sheriff by the Commonalty for the year
The same day John Bederendene, draper, was elected Chamberlain, and Robert Colbroke, "irmonger," and John Trimnell,
mercer, were elected Wardens of London Bridge; also John
Coventre and Robert Whitingham, Aldermen, John Bacon,
grocer, Thomas Boteler, fishmonger, John Higham, draper,
and William Milreth, mercer, Commoners, were elected Auditors
of the accounts of the said Chamberlain and Wardens.
Afterwards, viz., on the eve of St. Michael [29 Sept.], the
said Sheriffs were sworn at the Guildhall, and on the morrow
of the said Feast were presented and admitted before the
Barons of the Exchequer, &c.
Writ to the Mayor and Aldermen to search the City's
records to see if there be any immemorial custom that if a
citizen devise his tenement to be sold by his executors or their
executors, the successive executors can sell the same and give
a good estate therein to the purchasers, or otherwise; (fn. 5) and to
make a return thereon to the Justices at Westminster within
three weeks of Michaelmas, inasmuch as the question had arisen
in a plea at Westminster between Margaret, late wife of John
Philipot, Knt., John Boys, Knt., and Thomasia his wife, John
Whattone and Agnes his wife, John Gray, Margaret St. Germayn, and Thomasia St. Germayn, plaintiffs, and William
Brounyng of London, "skynner," for breaking into their
house. Witness William Babyngtone (fn. 6) at Westminster, 9 Oct.,
3 Henry VI. [A.D. 1424].
Exon'acio Joh'is Hoke couper ab assisis.
19 Oct., 3 Henry VI. [A.D. 1424], John Hoke, "couper,"
discharged by William Crowmere, the Mayor, and the Aldermen from serving on juries, &c., owing to increasing old age.
23 Oct., 3 Henry VI. [A.D. 1424], came John Essex, cordwainer, executor of William Jon, brewer, into the Chamber of
the Guildhall and delivered to John Bederenden, the Chamber
lain, the sum of 20 marks in trust for John and John, sons of
the said William. (fn. 7)
Folio. 22 b.
Eleccio Joh'is Michell in officium Maioratus.
Friday the Feast of Translation of St. Edward [13 Oct.],
3 Henry VI. [A.D. 1424], after mass in the chapel of the Guildhall, in the presence of William Croumere, the Mayor, the
Prior of Christchurch, John Fray, the Recorder, Thomas
Knolles, Robert Chicheley, Nicholas Wotton, Henry Barton,
William Sevenoke, William Cauntbrigge, John Michell, John
Reynwelle, John Gedney, John Coventre, Ralph Bartone, John
Perneys, Robert Tatersall, John Wellis, Richard Gosselyn,
Robert Wydyngtone, William Estfeld, Simon Seman, Nicholas
James, John Bithewater, and Henry Frowyk, Aldermen, and
an immense Commonalty summoned to the Guildhall for the
election of a Mayor for the year ensuing, John Michell was
elected. Afterwards, viz., on the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude
[28 Oct.], he was sworn at the Guildhall, and on the morrow
was presented, admitted, and accepted, &c. [sic], before the
Barons of the Exchequer.
Un ordeignaunce fait sur Brocours aliens.
8 Oct., 3 Henry VI. [A.D. 1424], ordinance by William
Crowmere, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and Commonalty that the
former ordinances regulating alien brokers made during the
Mayoralty of Robert Chichele, and entered in Letter-Book I,
fos. cclxxv-cclxxvi, be duly observed, with the addition that at
Michaelmas in every year there shall be elected by the Mayor
and Aldermen twelve free and loyal men of the City, more or
less, to be admitted as Brokers and sworn, they giving surety
to the Chamberlain of the City for the time being, and that
no one except those elected shall meddle with brokerage.
Ordinacio q'd nullus qui extitit Maior resumatur infra septem annos ad officium Maioratus.
The Feast of the Translation of St. Edward [13 Oct.],
3 Henry VI. [A.D. 1424], in consideration of the great and
increasing expenses incurred by the Mayors of that time in
comparison with Mayors of former days, it was ordained by
William Crowmere, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and Commonalty,
in their Common Council assembled for the election of a
Mayor, that no one who had been, or thenceforth should
have been, Mayor of the City should be again admitted to the
office of Mayor until after the lapse of full seven years from
his last Mayoralty. (fn. 8)
Exon'acio Thome Broun civis et groceri London' ab assisis.
5 April, 4 Henry VI. [A.D. 1426], Thomas Broun, grocer,
discharged by John Coventre, Mayor, and the Aldermen from
serving on juries, &c., owing to increasing old age.
Remembraunce et declaracioun fait en parlement pur ceux qui sount enfraunchisez deins Loundres par p'er ou redempcioun.
Recital of a petition [hereunto annexed], having been
presented in the Parliament held at Westminster, anno 11
Henry IV., (fn. 9) touching certain prises and customs of wine of
which the King was being defrauded, and of the Mayor,
Sheriffs, and Aldermen having been summoned before
the said Parliament and made to show their liberty and
franchise, whereby they claimed that every Mayor during
his year of office could make six men free of the City, (fn. 10) by
which liberty, as also by the fact that many others became
freemen by redemption, the King was deprived of his prises and
customs. Whereupon it had been ordained that thenceforth
all those who were enfranchised by the Mayor by prayer (par
prier) or redemption should pay the prises and customs due to
the King for their wine just as though they had not been
enfranchised, under penalty of forfeiture, and that the Mayor
for the time being should be sworn at the Exchequer to maintain the said ordinance in all particulars. The said ordinance,
however, not having been observed, the King and Parliament
are desired to provide a remedy.
Q'd cives sint residentes infra Civitat' qui lib'tat' gaudere volunt.
Inspeximus of petition made by Thomas Chaucer, the
King's Chief Butler, in the Parliament held at Westminster,
anno 11 Henry IV., setting forth that from time immemorial
the Kings of England had enjoyed their prises of wine in every
English Port, saving the Port of London and the Cinque Ports,
which were exempt, on the understanding that such exemption
applied only to those who permanently resided therein; but
that now, and for a long time past, any foreigner who wished
to become a freeman of the City could obtain the freedom for
a small sum by applying to the Mayor, the Chamberlain, or the
Masters of some Mistery, as if he were a continual resident in
the City, although he belong to some other town or borough
of England, whereby the King is defrauded of his dues and
customs-he prayed Parliament therefore to ask the King and
his Council to send for the Mayor and Aldermen and command
them and the Masters of the various Misteries to cease from
granting the franchise to foreigners, under penalty of forfeiture
of the City's franchise. To which the King had replied that
he would send for the Mayor and Aldermen, and had further
declared, by the advice of the lords of Parliament, that no one
should enjoy the franchise unless he were a citizen resident
within the City, and that all others resident in other cities,
boroughs, and towns should have and enjoy the franchise
granted to them. (fn. 11) Witness the King at Westminster, 20 Oct.
14 [Henry IV.].
Fos. 23 b-25b, 35 b.
The statute passed in the Parliament held at Westminster,
20 Oct., 2 Henry VI. [A.D. 1423]. (fn. 12)
[N.B. There is no folio numbered 26.]
Exon'acio Galfridi Cook Webbe ab assisis.
7 Nov., 3 Henry VI. [A.D. 1424], Geoffrey Cook, "webbe,"
discharged by John Michell, the Mayor, and the Aldermen
from serving on juries, owing to increasing old age.
Custodia filior' Will'i "John" cum xx marc'.
The guardianship of John and John, sons of [William "John"]
together with their patrimony, committed by John Michell, the
Mayor, and the Aldermen to John Essex, cordwainer, who
married Alice, the orphans' mother, for a term of ten years. (fn. 13)
Sureties, viz., Simon Sewale, saddler, William Rauf, gent., and
William Belle, brewer (pandoxator). [No date.]
Exon'acio Roberti Pellican ab assisis.
14 Nov., 3 Henry VI. [A.D. 1424], Robert Pellican, "stokfisshmonger," discharged by John Michell, the Mayor, and the
Aldermen from serving on juries, &c., owing to increasing old
Consi'le mandatum miss' fuit cuil't Aldermanno.
Precept to the Aldermen to hold their several Wardmotes,
and to make a return of such matters as they themselves are
unable to correct to the Mayor's General Court, to be held on
Monday after the Epiphany [6 Jan.]; also to cause a certain
number of persons to be elected to the Common Council, armed
watches to be set, &c. Dated 12 Dec.
Folio. 27 b.
Friday, 10 Nov., 3 Henry VI. [A.D. 1424], ordinance by John
Michell, the Mayor, Thomas Knolles, Robert Chichele, William
Crowmere, Nicholas Wottone, Henry Bartone, William Sevenoke, William Cauntbrigge, John Reynwelle, Robert Tatersalle,
Ralph Bartone, John Perneys, John Coventre, John Gedney,
John Welles, Nicholas James, William Estfeld, Richard Gosselyn, and Henry Frowyk, Aldermen, and Simon Seman and John
Bithewater, Sheriffs, to the effect that Masters of the faculty
of Surgery in the Mistery of Barbers of the City shall exercise
the said faculty as fully as they did in the days of Thomas
Fauconer, late Mayor, and other Mayors, notwithstanding the
claim (calumpnia) which the Rector and Surveyors of Physicians
and the Masters of Surgery now newly impose upon the said
Barbers by virtue of a certain ordinance made during the
Mayoralty of William Walderne, and entered supra, folios. 6 [b]. (fn. 14)
Friday, 10 Nov., 3 Henry VI. [A.D. 1424], ordinance by
John Michell, the Mayor, Thomas Knolles, Robert Chichele,
William Crowmere, Nicholas Wottone, Henry Bartone, William
Sevenoke, William Cauntbrigge, John Reinwelle, Robert Tatersall, Ralph Bartone, John Perneis, John Coventre, John Gedney,
John Wellis, Nicholas James, Richard Gosselyn, William Estfeld, and Henry Frowyk, Aldermen, and Simon Seman and John
Bithewater, Sheriffs, to the effect that thenceforth the men of
the Mistery of Fusters should exercise the scrutiny of all fusts
or wood for saddles (omnium fustorum sive lignorum pro sellis
ordinatorum), by six men of the Mistery elected for that purpose
and sworn in Court, in accordance with the form and equity of
a certain ordinance recorded in Letter-Book C, folios. ccii (fn. 15) (notwithstanding any claim imposed upon them by the Saddlers of
London by virtue of a certain royal charter touching the using
of saddlery throughout the realm), and entered in the Husting
for Common Pleas held on Monday after the Feast of St. Peter
in Cathedra [22 Feb.], 47 Edward III. [A.D. 1372-3]. (fn. 16) Provided
always that the said six persons shall not make their scrutiny
without the Serjeant of the Mayor or Chamber specially assigned
for the purpose. The Masters and good men of the Mistery of
Saddlers are forbidden to bring foreign fusters to make fusts
(fuistas) into the City, &c.
Transmutacio Joh'is Salman ab mistera de Malemakers in Misteram de Lethersellers.
14 Jan., 3 Henry VI. [A.D. 1424-5], came John Salman,
"malemaker," (fn. 17) before John Michell, the Mayor, and the
Aldermen, and showed that whereas he had been admitted
to the freedom of the City in the Mistery of Malemakers temp.
Drew Barantyn, Mayor, viz., on the 7th Oct., 11 Henry IV.
[A.D. 1409], he had long since used, and was still using, the
Mistery of Lethersellers and not that of Malemakers. He
therefore prayed to be admitted to the freedom of the City in
the Mistery of Lethersellers. His prayer granted at the
instance of the Masters and good men of the said Mistery.
The ordenaunce for masons carpenters and othir what thei schul take be the day.
Ordinance of the Mayor and Aldermen prescribing the
amount of wages to be paid to masons, carpenters, plasterers,
shipwrights, and other journeymen, under penalty of fine and
imprisonment. [No date.]
Folio. 28 b.
Proclamation for all persons aggrieved by any contract of
false "chevesaunce" or usury to lay the matter before the
Mayor and Aldermen.
Ordinacio Pontis London'.
Ordinance forbidding any one to drive a cart or car shod
with iron over London Bridge, on pain of imprisonment and fine,
inasmuch as the bridge had become weak. [No date.]
Exon'acio Joh'is Duffehous civis et piscenarii London' ab assisis.
26 Jan., 3 Henry VI. [A.D. 1424-5], John Duffehous, fishmonger, discharged by John Mychell, the Mayor, and Aldermen from serving on juries, &c., owing to increasing old age.
Exon'acio Joh'is Cappe civis et Founder London' ab assisis etc.
9 Feb., 3 Henry VI. [A.D. 1424-5], John Cappe, "foundour,"
similarly discharged for like cause.
Exon'acio Gilberti Devenishe civis et pelliparii London' ab assisis etc.
14 Feb., 3 Henry VI. [A.D. 1424-5], Gylbert Devenishe,
skinner, similarly discharged for like cause.
Feod' concess' Thome Botiller servienti.
16 Dec., 3 Henry VI. [A.D. 1424], ordinance by John Michell,
the Mayor, Robert Chichele, William Crowmere, Nicholas
Wottone, William Sevenok, John Reynwell, John Coventre,
John Gedney, Ralph Bartone, Robert Tatersale, John Welles,
Nicholas Jamys, William Estfeld, Simon Seman, and Henry
Frowyk [Aldermen], that Thomas Botiller, one of the Mayor's
Serjeants, shall receive yearly the same fee as other of the
Mayor's Serjeants, so long as he behave himself well in that
Judicium acquietacionis Rob'ti Leversegge et Joh'is Spark de diversis falsitat' et decepcionib' eis impositis.
6 Nov., 3 Henry VI. [A.D. 1424], Robert Leversegge and
John Sparke, "taillour," attached to answer a charge brought
against them by Alexander Anne, the Common Serjeant-at-law
of the City, of having forged an assignment called Debentur,
similar to a true assignment which John Grymesbi had received
in respect of money due to him out of the Wardrobe (fn. 18) of the
late King Henry IV. for divers furs. The defendants said
they were not guilty, and put themselves on the country for
good or evil. A jury sworn, who find them not guilty. Therefore let them go quit, &c.
Br'e d'ni Regis ad delib' and' prison'.
Letters patent reciting a grant made by the King to John
Coventre, John Carpenter, John White, and William Grove,
executors of Richard Whityngtone, late citizen and mercer,
allowing them to pull down the gaol and gate of Neugate and
to build another gaol with the goods of the said Richard, and
also to remove the prisoners therein to some other fitting place
in the meanwhile, which prisoners had accordingly been removed
to the Sheriffs' Compters-and nominating John Michell, the
Mayor, William "Cheine," William Babyngtone, John Juyn,
Robert Tirwhit, John Hals, John Cokayn, John Prestone, John
Martyn, and John Fray, or any nine, eight, seven, six, five, four,
three, or two (the Mayor being one), to be Commissioners for
delivery of such prisons. Witness the King at Westminster,
26 Jan., 3 Henry VI. [A.D. 1424-5].
Folio. 29 b.
Transmutacio Joh'is Saint John ab Mistera de Lynge armurers ad Misteram de Drapers.
6 March, 3 Henry VI. [A.D. 1424-5], came John St. John,
"lynge armurer," before John Michell, the Mayor, and the
Aldermen, in the Chamber of the Guildhall, and showed that
whereas he had been admitted to the freedom of the City in
the art of "Lynge Armurers" (fn. 19) on the 17th July, 3 Henry IV.
[A.D. 1402], he had long since been using the mistery or art of
Drapers, as the Masters and other good men of the Mistery
of "Lynge Armurers" testified. He therefore prayed to be
admitted to the freedom of the City in the art of Drapers. His
Cappe forisfacte etc.
Richard Segrym, "hurer," attached to answer a charge of
having caused 32 caps called "nyghtcappes" to be fulled at
a mill contrary to the ordinance. The said Richard denied
the charge and claimed a jury. On Friday the 9th Feb.
[3 Henry VI.] the jurors, viz., Stephen Roo, Richard Flete,
Thomas Kyng, John Smyth, John atte Wode, Simon Wayte,
Robert Brantham, Simon Wastell, John Valentyn, Robert
Billyngey, Thomas Lynne, Thomas Taillour, Richard Bernard,
and Thomas Wottone, cappers, find that the said caps were
unlawfully fulled at a mill. The Mayor and Aldermen thereupon adjudged the caps to be forfeited, and the said Richard
to pay 6s. 8d. to the Commonalty.
Br'e d'ni Regis pro Parliamento.
Writ to the Sheriffs to make proclamation in the next
Husting of a Parliament to be held at Westminster on the
30th April next, and to cause four discreet and sufficient citizens
to be elected to attend the same; and further to return the
names of the elected and the electors in indentures according
to statute. No Sheriff to be returned. Witness the King at
Westminster, 24 Feb., 3 Henry VI. [A.D. 1424-5]. (fn. 20)
Consimilis billa miss' fuit cuilibet Aldermanno.
Precept to the Aldermen to set an armed watch in their
several Wards on the nights and eves of St. John Bapt.
[24 June] and SS. Peter and Paul [29 June], and take the
usual precautions against fire. Dated 12 June, 3 Henry VI.
Concessio cujusdam parcelle terre Abbati Monasterii Sc'i Petri de Certesey etc.
16 May, 3 Henry VI. [A.D. 1425], grant by John Michell,
Mayor, and the Aldermen to John Hermondesworth, Abbot
of the monastery of St. Peter de Certesey, (fn. 21) of a parcel of land
of the common soil of the Thames, lying in the parish of
St. Peter near Pouleswharf, near the river shore, whereon
to build a wharf; to hold the same to his and his successors for
ever on payment of 20s. to John Bederenden, the Chamberlain
of the Guildhall, to the use of the Commonalty.
[Masters of Misteries sworn.]
Folio. 30 b.
Armurers: John Alfles, John Clifton, sworn 10 Oct.,
3 Henry VI. [A.D. 1424].
Physicians: Master Gilbert Kymer, Doctor of Medicines
and Rector of Physicians (Medicorum), presented by Physicians
(Phisicos) and Surgeons, and sworn 27 Sept., the same year.
Master John Sumbreshede, Master Thomas Suthwell, sworn
Surveyors the same day, being presented by Physicians.
Tapicers: William Bullok, John Pyriel, Robert Heb, John
Everyngham, sworn 1 Oct., the same year.
Wexchaundelers: John Broke, Richard de Bury, sworn 25 Oct.,
the same year.
Coriours: John Smyth, John Page, sworn the same day.
Foundours: Walter Adoon, Nicholas West, sworn 26 Oct.,
the same year.
Flecchers: Roger Daneneye, Walter Takeneswell, sworn the
Wollenwevers: Richard Pattyn, Richard Raulyn, sworn
21 Nov., the same year.
Salters: Eustace Valdrian, Thomas Beawmond, sworn 12 Jan.,
the same year [A.D. 1424-5].
Custodia pueror' Baldewini Laurence.
10 June, 3 Henry VI. [A.D. 1425], the guardianship of John,
William, Alice, and Johanna, children of Baldwin Laurence,
baker, together with their patrimony, committed by John
Michell, the Mayor, and the Aldermen to Matilda, late wife of
the said Baldwin and mother of the said orphans, for a term of
five years. (fn. 22) Sureties, viz., John Melbourne, grocer, Robert
Stratford, fishmonger, and John Hoke, "couper".
3 March, 24 Henry VI. [A.D. 1445-6], came the above William
Laurence before Symon Eyre, the Mayor, and Aldermen, and
acknowledged that he had received his portion from John
Chichele, the Chamberlain.
Custodia pueror' Hugonis Birches nup' civis et pannar' London'.
10 July, 3 Henry VI. [A.D. 1425], the guardianship of William,
Agnes, and Matilda, children of Hugh Birches, late draper,
together with their patrimony, committed by John Michell, the
Mayor, the Aldermen, and John Bederenden, the Chamberlain,
to John Quyntone, grocer, who married Margery, late wife of
the said Hugh, for a term of five years, if the said orphans so
long live and are not married. Sureties, viz., Thomas Knolles,
junior, Thomas Oxney, grocer, and John Goldhauk, draper.