Letter from John Gedney, under the Mayoralty seal, admitting
Sir John Ruschebroke, chaplain in the diocese of Norwich, to
the chantry founded in the church of St. Mary Somerset, near
Brokenwharf, for the souls of John de Gyldesburgh, Sir Peter
de Gildesburgh, Sir John Burton, late Rector of the said church,
and others, the said Sir John Ruschebroke having been elected
and presented to the said chantry, then vacant by the death of
Sir John Writhe, (fn. 1) by the reverend father in Christ John, Bishop
of Dromore, (fn. 2) then Rector of the said church, and by John
[Mowbray], Duke of Norfolk, Elizabeth Wilford and John Bate,
parishioners of the same. Dated 20 March, A.D. 1428 [sic].
Proclamation to be made forbidding the enforcement of
"hokkyng" on "les hokkedays."
Acquitanc' fact' per Joh'em Gedney Maiorem mercator' Damyas Corby et Neell.
Acquittance by John Gedney, the Mayor, and Aldermen for
various sums of money received in 1425 from John Galet, (fn. 3)
John Stormorth, and others, on behalf of merchants of Amyens,
in respect of the yearly payment of 50 marks under the "composition" made between the City of London and the merchants
of Amyens, Corby, and Neel. Dated 20 March, 6 Henry VI.,
A.D. 1428 [sic].
Exon'acio Alexand' Hened ab assisis.
19 May, 6 Henry VI. [A.D. 1428], Alexander Hened, "wexchaundeler," discharged by John Gedney, the Mayor, and
Aldermen from serving on juries, &c., owing to increasing
Consimil' billa miss' fuit cuil't Aldermanno.
Precept to the Aldermen to keep an armed watch in their
several Wards on the nights and eves of St. John Bapt.
[24 June] and SS. Peter and Paul [29 June], and cause a vessel
of water to be placed before every house in case of fire.
Dated 5 June, 6 Henry VI. [A.D. 1428].
Folio 51 b.
Ordinacio de Anguill' recent' et de Tench' venient' de partib' transmarinis ad civitatem London' etc.
13 Feb., 6 Henry VI. [A.D. 1427-8], ordinance by the Mayor,
Recorder, Aldermen, and Commonalty, in full and Common
Council assembled, that no eels from beyond the sea be exposed
for sale until they have been sorted by the Mayor or his
deputies into three kinds, viz., the larger kind called "Stobel
eel," the middle called "Shast eel," and the smaller called
"Pympernel," as was formerly ordained when Robert Chichele
was Mayor; (fn. 4) and further, that they should be sold only by
weight in the presence of an officer appointed by the Mayor,
in the vessels which brought them and at prices prescribed.
A similar ordinance was at the same time made touching
14 Dec., 6 Henry VI. [A.D. 1427], the guardianship of Thomas
and Agnes, children of Thomas Mountgomery, late draper,
together with their patrimony, committed by John Gedney, the
Mayor, the Aldermen, and John Bederenden, the Chamberlain,
for a term of five years to Nicholas Stucle, Knt., who had
married Agnes, the orphans' mother. Sureties, viz., John
Pattisle, goldsmith, and Thomas Suttone, tailor.
Afterwards, viz., on the 12th June, 30 Henry VI. [A.D. 1452],
came the above Agnes, being then of full age, before William
Gregory, the Mayor, and Aldermen, and acknowledged satisfaction for her patrimony.
Custodia puer' Simonis Herward nuper civis et merceri London'.
12 May, 6 Henry VI. [A.D. 1428], the guardianship of John
and Alice, children of Simon Herward, late mercer, together
with their patrimony and property accruing to them by the
decease of Margaret their sister, (fn. 5) committed by John Gedney,
the Mayor, the Aldermen, and John Bederenden, the Chamberlain, to John Admond, mercer, who had married Johanna, widow
of the said Simon; to hold the same in trust for the said
orphans for a term of five years. Sureties, viz., Eborard
Flete, John Pydmell, John Fauntleroy, and William Prentys,
Exon' acio Martini Kelum ab assisis.
26 June, 6 Henry VI. [A.D. 1428], Martin Kelum, of co.
Linc., discharged by John Gedney, the Mayor, and the Aldermen from serving on juries, &c., owing to increasing old age.
Exon'acio Joh'is Lynne civis et pelliparius [sic] London'.
16 Oct., 7 Henry VI. [A.D. 1428], John Lynne, skinner,
similarly discharged for like cause.
Folio 52 b.
Com'issio de sing'lis eccl'iis p'ochialib' et feod' militum ad levand' subsidia.
Letters patent appointing Simon Seman, John Perneys,
Robert Wedyngton, Richard Coventre, Thomas Catworth, and
Ralph Skynnard to be Commissioners for levying in the City
the money granted in the Parliament held at Westminster in
the quinzaine of St. Michael last-viz., 2s. from all householders in every parish having ten inhabited houses, of each
City and Borough, where the church is of the annual value of
20s., and so pro rata on an ascending scale; and also the sum
of 6s. 8d. from every owner of lands and tenements of the value
of a whole knight's fee, and so pro rata on a descending scale
to a quarter of a knight's fee. Witness the King at Westminster, 6 April, 6 Henry VI. [A.D. 1428]. (fn. 6)
Fos. 53-53 b.
5 May, 6 Henry VI. [A.D. 1428], inquest taken before John
Perneys, Simon Seman, and other Commissioners aforesaid by
oath of Simon Sewale, William Westone, Thomas Bataille,
John Melborne, Philip Malpas, Clement Lyffyn, Thomas Daunt,
John Femelle, Hugh Dyke, John Abbot, John Aleyn, Thomas
Selowe, Simon Eyer, John Olney, Walter Chartesey, William
Edward, Richard Nordone, Ralph Silkestone, Thomas Garbolt,
Thomas Duffehous, John Edward, Thomas Bernewelle, John
Bacon, John Chirche, and John Saykyn, who declare the
following churches to be of the utmost yearly value as follows, (fn. 7)
St. Botolph without Aldrichegate, 40 marks.
St. Anne, in Ward of Aldrichegate, 12 marks.
St. John Zakarie, in same Ward, 20 marks.
St. Leonard, in same Ward, 10 marks.
St. Mary de Stanyng, in same Ward, 6 marks.
St. Andrew, in Ward of Aldgate, £14 13s. 4d.
St. Katherine de Crychirche, in same Ward, 20 marks.
St. Katherine Colman, in same Ward, £4 13s. 4d.
St. Michael, in Ward of Bassingeshawe, £20.
St. Botolph, in Ward of Billingesgate, £32.
St. George, in same Ward, 12 marks.
St. Andrew, in same Ward, 15 marks.
St. Margaret Patyns, in same Ward, 5 marks.
St. Mary at Hille, in same Ward, £25 6s. 8d.
St. Botolph without Bisshopesgate, in the suburb, 25 marks.
St. Ethelburga, in same Ward, £9.
St. Helen, in same Ward, £9 13s. 4d.
All Hallows de Graschirche, in same Ward, (fn. 8) £18.
St. Christopher, in Ward of Bradstrete, £19 6s. 8d.
St. Bartholomew the little, (fn. 9) in same Ward, £20.
St. Benedict Fynke, in same Ward, £10 6s. 8d.
St. Peter, (fn. 10) in same Ward, £10.
All Hallows in the Wall, £9.
St. Martin Otewych, 16 marks 6s. 8d.
All Hallows, in Ward of Bredestret, 55 marks.
St. Mildred, in same Ward, £10 6s. 8d.
St. Augustine, in same Ward, (fn. 11) 25 marks.
St. Matthew, in same Ward, (fn. 12) 20 marks.
St. John Evang., in same Ward, £12.
St. Margaret, (fn. 13) in same Ward, 20 marks.
St. Martin Orgar, in Ward of Candelwykstrete, 20 marks.
St. Clement, in same Ward, (fn. 14) £13 6s. 8d.
St. Michael de Crokydlane, in same Ward, £21.
St. Mary de Abchirche, in same Ward, £18.
St. Andrew, in Ward of Castelbaynard, £10.
St. Benedict, (fn. 15) in same Ward, £9.
St. Gregory, (fn. 16) in same Ward, £20.
St. Mary Magdalen de Oldefisshstrete, in same Ward,
Folio 53 b.
St. Laurence, (fn. 17) in Ward of Chepe, £40.
St. Mary de Arcubus, (fn. 18) in same Ward, 40 marks.
All Hallows de Honylane, in same Ward, £10.
St. Mary de Colchirche, in same Ward, 20 marks.
St. Mildred, (fn. 19) in same Ward, £13.
St. Benedict Shorehog, in same Ward, £10.
St. Martin, (fn. 20) in same Ward, 20 marks.
St. Stephen, in Ward of Colmanstrete, £20.
St. Olave Jewry, in same Ward, £12.
St. Margaret in Lothebury, in same Ward, 24 marks.
St. Mary de Aldermarie Chirche, in Ward of Cordewanerstret, £22.
St. Antonin, in same Ward, £18.
St. Pancras, in same Ward, (fn. 21) 24 marks.
St. Michael, in Ward of Cornhill, £40.
St. Peter, in same Ward, £20.
St. Mary Magdalen, (fn. 22) in Ward of Crepulgate, £18.
St. Mary de Aldermanbury, in same Ward, 20 marks.
St. Michael in Hoggenlane, in same Ward, 21 marks.
St. Alban, (fn. 23) in same Ward, 20 marks.
St. Alphege, (fn. 24) in same Ward, 10 marks.
St. Olave in Silverstrete, in same Ward, (fn. 25) 40 (marks ?).
St. Giles Without, in same Ward, £29.
St. Laurence, in Ward of Douegate, £7.
All Hallows, (fn. 26) in same Ward, 20 marks.
All Hallows the Great, (fn. 27) in same Ward, 40 marks.
St. Ewin, (fn. 28) in Ward of Farindon Within, £8 13s. 4d.
St. Nicholas, (fn. 29) in same Ward, £26 13s. 4d.
St. Martin, (fn. 30) in same Ward, 40 marks.
St. Faith, in same Ward, 20 marks.
St. Michael le Quern, (fn. 31) in same Ward, 25 marks.
St. Vedast, in same Ward, £40.
St. Peter in Chepe; in same Ward, £20.
St. Bride, in Ward of Farindone Without, £47 13s. 4d.
St. Dunstan, in same Ward, £26 16s. 8d.
St. Andrew, (fn. 32) in same Ward, £22 13s. 4d.
St. Sepulchre, in same Ward, £65.
All Hallows de Stanyng, in Ward of Langbourne, £6 13s. 4d.
St. Mary (fn. 33) de Fanchirche, in same Ward, £8.
St. Dionis, (fn. 34) in same Ward, £16.
St. Edmund, (fn. 35) in same Ward, £20.
St. Nicholas, (fn. 36) in same Ward, £10.
St. Mary Wolnoth, in same Ward, £18.
St. Mary atte Nax, in Ward of Lymestret, 6 marks.
St. Benedict de Graschirche, in Ward of Bridge, 20 marks.
St. Leonard in Estchep, (fn. 37) in same Ward, 40 marks.
St. Margaret, in same Ward, £20.
St. Magnus, in same Ward, £40.
St. Botolph, (fn. 38) in Ward of Portsoken, 20 marks.
St. Michael, in Ward of Quenehithe, 46 marks.
St. Mary Somersete, in same Ward, 18 marks.
St. Mary Montenhaute, in same Ward, £4.
St. Nicholas "Olove," (fn. 39) in same Ward, £9.
St. Nicholas Coldabbey, in same Ward, £16.
St. Peter, in same Ward, 10 marks.
St. Olave, (fn. 40) in Ward of Tower, £10.
All Hallows, (fn. 41) in same Ward, £24.
St. Dunstan, in same Ward, 50 marks.
St. Martin, in Ward of Vintry, £11 6s. 8d.
St. Michael, in same Ward, £10.
St. Thomas, Ap., in same Ward, £8.
St. James, in same Ward, 20 marks.
Holy Trinity, (fn. 42) in same Ward, £10.
St. John, in Ward of Walbroke, 20 marks.
St. Mary de Bothehawe, in same Ward, 10 marks.
St. Swithin, in same Ward, 20 marks.
St. Stephen, in same Ward, 40 marks.
St. Mary, (fn. 43) in same Ward, 25 marks.
And there are no more parish churches in the City or suburbs,
except the church of St. Augustine de Pappey within the City,
in which parish there are not ten inhabitants who are
householders. (fn. 44)
Securitas pro honesta custodia Estive.
11 March, 6 Henry VI. [A.D. 1427-8], came Richard Baret,
Richard Heriot, William Landwath, cordwainers, and Thomas
Richer, "peynter," and mainprised John Tanner, citizen and
scrivener, for maintaining faithfully and honestly the stew
(estivam) that he holds for women in Parkerislane, in the parish
of St. Michael de Quenhithe, and not permitting any men or
other than good and honest women to be stewed there (ibidem
estivari) at times appointed and not otherwise, under penalty of
Securitas pro honesta custodia Estive.
16 March, 6 Henry VI. [A.D. 1427-8], came John Bright,
cordwainer, William Harrys, brewer, John Corneys, "taillour,"
and John Swetyng, "plummer," and mainprised John Baker for
faithfully and honestly maintaining a stew for women at
Brokenwharf, in the parish of St. Mary Somerset in the Ward
of Queenhithe, (fn. 45) and not permitting any laundry-woman
(mulierem lotricem) or any but good and honest men [sic] to be
stewed there at times appointed, under penalty of £20.
Securitas pro honesta custodia Estive.
......, 6 Henry VI., came Henry Knyght, "dyere," Edmund
Symond, "mason," John Bekke, "dyere," and John Parker,
brewer, and mainprised John Whityng, brewer, for properly
conducting a stew for women [in lane and parish not specified]
and permitting only good and honest women to stew there,
under similar penalty.
11 Aug., 6 Henry VI. [A.D. 1428], came Richard Persone,
armourer, one of the executors of Symon Wynchecombe, late
citizen and armourer, and formerly one of the Sheriffs, (fn. 46) and
brought into Court, in a certain round barrel sealed, the
records, rolls, and other memoranda of the time of the
Shrievalty of the said Symon; (fn. 47) to remain in the said Court
on record, &c., for those desiring their assistance, and in
discharge of the said Sheriff and his executors, &c. And he
delivered the key of the said barrel to John Carpenter, the
Common Clerk of the City, &c.
Acquitance fait par les executeurs de Richard Whityngton as merchantz Damyas Corbyet Neelle.
Acquittance under the Mayoralty seal to the executors
of the late noble "merchant," Richard Whityngton, for the
sum of 24 marks paid by John de Burneux, merchant of
Amiens, being the quota due in his last Mayoralty from
the merchants of Amiens, Corby, and Neele. Dated 20 Aug.,
Exon'acio Will'mi Shippere ab assisis.
20 Oct., 7 Henry VI. [A.D. 1428], William Shippere of co.
Lincoln, hosteler, discharged by John Gedney, the Mayor, and
the Aldermen from serving on juries, &c., owing to increasing
Folio 54 b.
Custodia Johanne filie David Galganet.
15 June, 6 Henry VI. [A.D. 1428], the guardianship of
Johanna, daughter of David "Galganet," together with her
patrimony, committed by John Gedney, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and John Bederenden, the Chamberlain, to Margaret,
widow of the said David. Sureties, viz., John Bacon and Ralph
Stoke, grocers, Thomas Donyngton, goldsmith, and William
Coleman, "materas maker."
Afterwards, viz., 28 Nov., 11 Henry VI. [A.D. 1432], came
Robert Warner, who married Margaret, widow of David
"Galgenet," and John, son of the said David, and acknowledged
satisfaction for the sum of £75, which became due to them
by the death of Johanna, daughter of the aforesaid David.
Acquitance fait par le Mair as merchantz Damyas Corby et Neell.
Acquittance by John Gedney, the Mayor, for the sum of
50 marks due to the Mayor for the time being from merchants
of "Amyeux," Corby, and Neel, and paid by Simonet
Quinerit, attorney of John de Burneux, of "Amieux." Dated
20 Sept., A.D. 1428.
Exon'acio Ric'i Stacy ab assisis.
20 Oct., 7 Henry VI. [A.D. 1428], Richard, son of Thomas
Stacy, Knt., of co. Kent, discharged by John Gedney, the
Mayor, and the Aldermen from serving on juries, &c., owing
to increasing old age.
Exon'acio Henrici Rolf ab assisis.
The same day Henry Rolf, tailor, similarly discharged for
Masters of Misteries sworn.
Joynours: Simon Beld, John Lynde, sworn 22 Sept.,
6 Henry VI. [A.D. 1427].
Botelmakers: William Shene, Thomas Asshbourne, sworn
1 Oct., the same year.
Sheþers: William Gilberd, Ralph Sandoll, sworn 2 Oct., the
Court-letter: William Burdon, John Bydeford, sworn 9 Oct.,
the same year.
Coriours: Richard Whyte, Henry Goldyngtone, sworn
25 Oct., the same year.
John Hylton, Beadle of the Ward of Vintry, sworn 6 May,
the same year. [A.D. 1428.]
Lethersellers: Martin Aleyn, Peter Rowte, sworn 28 June, the
Cordwainers: William Landwaþ, John Grene, Simon Cate,
Thomas Steven, Richard Batyn, sworn 28 June, the same year.
Coupers: Thomas Alfrede, Richard Sherman, sworn 1 July,
the same year.
Lorimers: William atte Noven, John Parys, John Milkenale,
sworn 6 July, the same year.
Shermen: William Pope, Ralph Budle, John Horold, sworn
13 July, the same year.
Lynnynwevers of England: John Stamford, William Langle,
sworn 25 July, the same year.
Armurers: Thomas Parker, John Grabesam, sworn the same
Copersmythes: Simon Gambone, John Bokelond, sworn 19 July,
the same year.
Thomas White sworn coal-meter, 30 July.
Girdelers: John Milford, Richard Batyn, John Berden, sworn
20 Aug., the same year.
Shipwryghtis: Robert Proufote, John Jemes, sworn 23 Aug.,
the same year.
Mersers: William Estfeld sworn the same day.
Grosers: Robert Otteley, Robert Marchall, "Suer" (Sayer)
Acre, sworn the same day.
Bladesmythes: John Leyne, John Parys, sworn 26 Aug., the
Folio 55 b.
Eleccio Joh'is Abbot et Thome "Douffhous" in vic'.
Tuesday the Feast of St. Matthew, Ap. [21 Sept.], 7 Henry VI.
[A.D. 1428], in the presence of John Gedney, the Mayor, John
Simond, the Recorder, Henry Bartone, William Caumbrige,
Thomas Fauconer, John Michell, John Coventre, Robert
Tatersale, John Welles, Simon Seman, William Estfeld, Henry
Frowyk, John Brokle, Ralph Bartone, and Robert Otteley,
Aldermen, and very many Commoners summoned to the
Guildhall for the election of Sheriffs-John Abbot, mercer, was
elected one of the Sheriffs by the Mayor, and Thomas
Duffhous, fishmonger, was elected the other Sheriff by the
Commonalty. (fn. 48)
The same day John Bederenden, draper, was elected
Chamberlain; Robert Colbroke, "irmonger," and John
Trimnell, mercer, were elected Wardens of London Bridge;
William Estfeld and John Brokle, Aldermen, Walter Chartesey,
Ralph Skynnard, Robert Large, and John Pake, Commoners,
were elected Auditors of the Account of the Chamber and of
the Wardens of London Bridge.
Afterwards, viz., on the eve of St. Michael [29 Sept.], the
said Sheriffs were sworn at the Guildhall, and on the morrow
of the said Feast were presented and admitted, &c., before the
Barons of the Exchequer.
A l're fro þe Erle of Salisbury to þe Mair and Aldermen of þe Cite of London'.
Letter from the Earl of Salisbury and of Perche to the Mayor
and Aldermen notifying the capture of more than forty towns,
castles, and "stronge churches," among them being the town
of "Yenville," (fn. 49) since entering on the last campaign, and desiring
to know of the City's welfare. Dated at "Yenville," 5 Sept.
[A.D. 1428]. (fn. 50)
A postscript to the above notifying that the writer had heard
that Sir Richard Hankeford had succeeded in taking the town
and castle of "Meun sur Leyre," (fn. 51) where there was a bridge
over the river about five leagues from the city of "Orliens." (fn. 52)
A list of towns, &c., captured. (fn. 53)
Answer to þe said l're.
Reply to the above letter assuring the Earl of the City's joy
at his success and of the peaceful condition of the citizens.
Dated 12 Oct. [A.D. 1428].
Eleccio Henrici Bartone in officium Maioratus.
Tuesday the Feast of St. Edward [13 Oct.], 7 Henry VI.
[A.D. 1428], in the presence of John Gedney, the Mayor, William
Clerk the Prior of Christchurch, John Simond, the Recorder,
Thomas Knolles, William Crowmere, Nicholas Wottone, Henry
Bartone, William Cauntbrigge, John Michell, John Coventre,
Ralph Bartone, Robert Tatersale, John Welles, John Perneys,
Simon Seman, Richard Gosselyn, William Estfeld, Henry
Frowyk, John Brokle, Robert Otteley, and John Paddesle,
Aldermen, and an immense Commonalty summoned to the
Guildhall for the election of a Mayor-Henry Bartone was
Afterwards, viz., on the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude
[28 Oct.], he was sworn at the Guildhall, and on the morrow
was presented, admitted, and accepted, &c., before the Barons
of the Exchequer.
Br'e de cap' c'tas person' in London' ad r' in placito de nativis habendis.
Writ to the Sheriffs to arrest Richard Barry and Stephen
Barry, who were claimed by John Langestone and John Dayrell
as their niefs and fugitives, if found within their bailiwick,
unless they be in the King's demesne, and to bring them
before the King's Justices at Westminster in the octave of
St. John Bapt. [24 June]. Witness W[illiam] Babyngton at
Westminster, 10 June, 6 Henry VI. [A.D. 1428].
Return' br'is precedentis ubi libertas Civitat' declar'.
Return to the above to the effect that, according to the
ancient custom of the City, every liege subject of the King who
sought the protection and liberty of the City and there remained
quiet for a year and a day, and was not reclaimed, could continue to remain there for the rest of his life if he wished. (fn. 54) And
inasmuch as the said Richard and Stephen had remained quiet
in the City for forty years and more before the coming of the
above writ, and their status had not been challenged, and they
had always been reputed of honest conversation and free condition, the writ could not be executed without prejudice of the
City's rights and customs.
Presentacio falsi et corrupti vini.
20 July, 6 Henry VI. [A.D. 1428], the twelve Scrutineers of
the Mistery of Vintners presented certain butts of wine, Romney
and Spanish, lying in the cellars of Peter Balby, merchant of
Venice, and Obert Grimba, merchant of Genoa, in the parish
of St. Botolph, Billingsgate, as being corrupt and unfit to be
drunk. Thereupon Alexander Anne, the Common Serjeantat-law, prayed the Mayor and Aldermen to view and taste the
wine according to custom. This they did, and the wine, being
found to be unwholesome, was discharged into the kennel.
Folio 56 b.
How the Tower of London and the Hospital of St. Katherine are of,
and in, the liberty of the City.
In order to show and prove that the Hospital of St. Katherine,
with its mills and all other appurtenances, as well as the whole
of the Tower Ditch and all the land of Estsmythfeld outside
the postern in front of the Abbey of Graces, together with the
right side of the street leading by Duddingesponde, (fn. 55) are, and
have been time out of mind, in and of the liberty of the City,
and part of the Ward of Portsoken without Aldgate, in the
suburbs of the City, the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty
say that temp. William the Conqueror, and long before, the
said Ward of Portsoken was called the Soke of Anglissh
Knightgelde, and that circa 8 Henry I. a certain Ralph Fitz
Algod, Wolfard le Deverissh, Odgar le Prude, and many other
powerful citizens of the ancient race of noble English Knights
who had the liberty of a Guild in the said Soke, and were seised
of the whole land in the said Soke, conveyed the said land and
Soke to the Church and Canons of Holy Trinity within Algate, (fn. 56)
which gift was confirmed by charter of the said King, and that
thereupon Norman, the then Prior, and the Convent of the said
church and their successors were long seised of the same; that
afterwards a certain Ralph, the Prior, and Canons of the said
church granted a certain parcel of land in the said Soke or
Ward-viz., that upon which the Hospital of St. Katherine now
stands, and the mill there-to Queen Matilda, wife of King
Stephen, in exchange for six librates of land in the Manor of
Braghing, co. Herts. (fn. 57)
They further say that King Edward I gave to the Hospital
of St. Katherine a yearly sum of 5 marks 6 shillings and
9 pence for a piece of land adjoining the Tower, and now
occupied by the wall and ditch surrounding the Tower, in
compensation for loss the Hospital sustained by the lengthening
and repairing of the said wall and ditch, as fully appears by a
deed recorded temp. Nicholas Brembre, Mayor. (fn. 58)
They also say that at the Iter held at the Tower, anno
14 Edward II., it was found that the said Ward of Portsoken,
formerly called "Anglissh Knightgelde," was in, and of, the
liberty of London, and that whenever any assessment was
made, either for the King or the Commonalty of the City, all
the male inhabitants of the said Ward were wont to contribute
like other freemen of the City, as most plainly appears in the
copies of the Rolls of the Iter preserved in the Treasury of
the Guildhall. (fn. 59)
They further say that King Edward III., in the seventeenth
year of his reign, by writ addressed to John Hamond, then
Mayor, and his Escheator, reciting the above matter touching
the wall and ditch for the enlargement of the Tower, temp.
Edward I., and also reciting that Ralph de Sandwich and
John de Westone, late Constables of the Tower, had let the
above piece of land acquired by the King's grandfather to
divers persons without royal permission, and wishing to be
informed if his grandfather had really acquired the parcel of
land in Estsmythfeld from the aforesaid Hospital for a yearly
payment of 5 marks 6 shillings and 9 pence, as aforesaid, or
not, and also whether or no the aforesaid Ralph and John had
demised the piece of land as aforesaid, and all particulars of
the same-had commanded the said John Hamond to hold an
inquiry on oath and make a return on the matter, and this
had accordingly been done, as may be seen from the Rolls
of Escheat, temp. John Hamond, Mayor, in the Treasury of
the Guildhall. (fn. 60)
They also say that all the lands and tenements on the right
of the street by Duddingesponde and around the aforesaid
places of Estsmythfeld, Thourhill, and Romeland are, and
have always been held in the courts of the lord the King to
be, within the City, as may be seen from pleas of tenants
enrolled in the Guildhall, which enrolments have greater force
than fines at Common Law (que controvalent fines ad co'em
legem levat'). (fn. 61)
They further say that in cases of accidents and sudden
death, necessitating inquests in any of those parts, and even
within the Tower itself when the King was there, the
Sheriffs and Coroners of the City and other officers of the
same have ever been accustomed to hold inquests, to issue
summons, and attach, &c., as may be seen in the Coroners'
Rolls and other records preserved in the aforesaid Treasury.
They say also that among other liberties granted to the
City by divers Kings, and confirmed in various Parliaments,
there is one to the effect that no summons, attachment, or
execution shall be made in the City by other than officers of
the said City.
It is, therefore, clear that the said Hospital of St. Katherine
with its mills and other appurtenances, also the whole of the
Tower ditch and all of the land of Estsmythfeld outside the
postern in front of the Abbey of Graces, together with the right
side of the street leading by Duddingesponde and the whole
of the ditch and open space outside the Tower [but] within
the postern called "Romeland," with all houses and gardens
around it, are and ever have been in, and of, the City
The Court of the lord the King, held before Henry Bartone,
the Mayor, John Symond, the Recorder, William Crowmere,
Thomas Fauconer, Nicholas Wottone, William Cauntbrigge,
John Michell, Robert Tatersale, John Welles, William Estfeld,
Simon Seman, Ralph Bartone, John Perneys, Henry Frowik,
John Brokle, Robert Ottele, and Stephen Broun, Aldermen:-
Whereas on the 7th June, 7 Henry VI. [A.D. 1429],
and oftentimes before, it was plainly shown before the said
Mayor and Aldermen by Thomas Fulthorpe, Serjeant-at-law,
and other trustworthy persons, that a grant formerly made to
Stephen Colley, goldsmith, by John, son of John Wodecok, late
mercer, of certain lands and tenements for a term of years,
had been made by way of security for the repayment
of a sum of money due to the lessee, and also in order to
prevent any loss occurring to John, the lessor's son, a City
orphan, by reason of a deed of feoffment in the custody of the
said Thomas Fulthorpe, whereby Richard Cotton, who was
seised of the same lands and tenements, had enfeoffed Ralph
Eure and others of the same-it was agreed by the aforesaid
Mayor and Aldermen, on the aforesaid day, that the said
Stephen Colley should enjoy the said lands and tenements for
the term granted to him, on condition of his paying out of the
profits an annual sum of 100s. to the Chamberlain for the use
of the said orphan. The said Stephen, moreover, gave a bond
in £200 to the Chamberlain that he would cause the said
Thomas Fulthorpe to bring into Court the aforesaid deed of
feoffment, which the said Thomas did, as appears infra
Folio 57 b.
Custodia Thome filii Ric'i "Withiale."
Be it remembered that whereas, on the 16th December,
6 Henry VI. [A.D. 1427], the guardianship of Thomas, son of
Richard "Withihale," late goldsmith, and of his patrimony, was
committed to John, the orphan's brother, as appears supra,
fo. 50 - the custody of a sum of money bequeathed to the
said orphan by Alice his mother was also committed on the
20th May [A.D. 1428] to the aforesaid brother. Sureties, viz.,
John Stalkenden, William Boton, William Walton, and John
Custodia Johanne filie Will'mi Flete.
20 May, 6 Henry VI. [A.D. 1428], the guardianship of
Johanna, daughter of William Flete, late fishmonger, together
with her patrimony, committed by Henry Bartone, the Mayor,
the Aldermen, and John Bederenden, the Chamberlain, for
a term of five years, to Thomas "Berwell," "Bernewell," or
"Bernewode," fishmonger, who married Alice, the orphan's
mother. Sureties, viz., John Whattone, John Leget, junior,
John Feyrfold, and John Streynesham.
13 Dec., 7 Henry VI. [A.D. 1428], ordinances made by Henry
Bartone, the Mayor, and the Aldermen to the following effect:-
That no baker buy for baking or reselling any good meal
intermixed with bad, or bake bread of meal or bran that is not
good, on pain of imprisonment and fine for the first two
offences, and heavy punishment (vile jugement) (fn. 62) for the third.
That every baker and his servants shall boult their meal
twice, one boulter being large and the other smaller, and be
diligent in "knedyng" as well as in keeping the dough (en
garder du past) (fn. 63) and their season of making it (et leur seisoun
de la feisure), under the same penalty, and he who will not
shall be put out of the Mistery.
That no baker shall bake with spring water (eawe de
fontaigne), (fn. 64) on peril and penalty that is prescribed.
That bakers shall sell to hucksters thirteen loaves for a
dozen and no more, under penalty aforesaid, for so the poor are
often defrauded in their purchases.
That no baker make horse-bread except of pure beans and
peas, without mixing them with any other grain or bran, under
the same penalty.
That Masters of the Mistery of Bakers see that members
observe the above ordinances.
De t'ris Wodecok.
In the quinzaine of St. Michael [29 Sept.], 8 Henry VI.
[A.D. 1429], came Thomas Fulthorp, Serjeant-at-law, into the
Court of the lord the King in the Chamber of the Guildhall,
before Henry Bartone, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, and
delivered to John Bederenden, the Chamberlain of the City, for
safekeeping a certain deed of feoffment whereby Richard Cotoun
enfeoffed Ralph Eure and others with certain lands and tenements formerly belonging to John Wodecok, mercer, and held for
a term by Stephen Colley and Richard Baret, cordwainers. (fn. 65)
Exon'acio Joh'is Wedyng ab assisis.
11 Nov., 7 Henry VI. [A.D. 1428], John, son of William
Wedyng of Teveresham, (fn. 66) discharged by Henry Bartone, the
Mayor, and the Aldermen from serving on juries, &c., owing
to increasing old age, except on urgent occasion.
Exon'acio Will'mi Fromond civis et hornere London' ab assisis.
9 July, 7 Henry VI. [A.D. 1429], William Fromond, "hornere,"
similarly discharged for like cause.
Folio 58 b.
Custodia bonor' pertin' liberis Margarete Cliderowe etc.
18 Oct., 7 Henry VI. [A.D. 1428], came Brother John Neel,
Master of the House of St. Thomas de Acon, and Thomas
Bataille, mercer, executors of Margaret Cliderowe, "silkwoman," widow of Elias Cliderowe, and delivered to John
Bederenden, the Chamberlain, certain vessels in trust for Elias
and Margaret her surviving children, her other children, viz.,
Edmund, John, and Thomas, having died under age. The
vessels comprised (inter alia) a silver-gilt piece pounced
(pounsonat') with falcons, a covered silver cup called "stondyng
cuppe" with gilt top and border, silver spoons, a silver
"pouderbox," a silver "flatpece" with cover, a "cruse" for
"Reynisshwyne," silver pieces with "trayll" of vine and
roses, &c., the whole being valued at £16 2s. 6d. The
executors, moreover, delivered to the said Margaret a black
gown furred with "Grey," (fn. 67) a black hood, and two kirtles left to
her by a codicil.
Exon'acio Salamonis Oxney ab assisis.
2 March, 7 Henry VI. [A.D. 1428-9], Salamon Oxney, goldsmith, discharged by Henry Bartone, the Mayor, the Aldermen,
and the Sheriffs from serving on juries, &c., he having been
found on inquiry to be over seventy years of age and afflicted
Consimile mandatum miss' fuit cuilibet Aldermanno.
9 Dec., 7 Henry VI. [A.D. 1428], precept to the Aldermen to
hold their several Wardmotes, and present such defects as they
could not themselves remedy to the General Court to be held
on Monday after the Epiphany [6 Jan.]; and further, to levy
money for the use of the Guildhall, take steps for lighting,
cleansing the streets, and to elect a prescribed number of men
to sit in the Common Council, &c.
Bill' pro apprenticio.
29 Nov. [A.D. 1428 ?], Symon Welles, one of the Clerks of
the King's Court, brings a bill for contempt and trespass
against Richard Claidich, writer of the court-hand, for having
taken as apprentice Thomas Fermery, whose parents had less
than 20s. a year in land and rent, contrary to the Statute
7 Henry IV. (fn. 68) The said Richard pleads in defence that
although the statute forbids parents putting out a son or
daughter as apprentice unless they had 20s. a year in land and
rent, it says nothing touching a son or daughter putting himself
or herself as apprentice as they may please. Thereupon the
bill was declared bad, and Symon Welles to be in mercy for an
Folio 59 b.
Br'e de cerciorari in libra de Domesday si civitas London' sit de antiquo d'nico corone Anglie necne.
Writ of certiorari to the King's Treasurer and Chamberlain
to search the book of Domesday and to make a return whether
or not they find the City of London to be of the ancient
demesne of the Crown. Witness the King at Westminster,
8 July, 6 Henry VI. [A.D. 1428].
Return' q'd nichil invenitur in p'dco libro tangens civitatem London'.
Return made to the above writ to the effect that, after
searching Domesday Book, they had not found that the City of
London was of ancient demesne of the Crown, nor had they
found anything in the book touching the said City. (fn. 69)
Writ to the Justices of the King's Bench enclosing the above
return, which they are to consider and proceed in the plaint
between John Langestone, John Dayrell, Richard Barry, and
Stephen Barry, as they may see fit according to the law
and custom of the realm. Witness the King at Westminster,
9 July, 6 Henry VI. [A.D. 1428].
Writ of Henry [VI.] to the same, enclosing the record and
proceedings formerly taken against certain jurors in a plaint
between Richard le Chaucer and Mary his wife, Geoffrey
Stace and Agnes his wife, late wife of Walter de Westhale,
Thomas Stace, and Laurence "Geffreysman" Stace, touching
a trespass committed against the said Richard and Mary, (fn. 70) and
bidding the said Justices to act further therein (at the instance
of the present Mayor, &c.), according to the law and custom
of the realm and the liberty and custom of the City. Witness
the King at Westminster, 22 Nov. [A.D. 1428 ?].
De recordac'oe consuetudinum.
Writ of Edward [III.] to Geoffrey le Scrope and his fellow
Justices that they admit, without demur, the customs of the
City recorded by the Mayor and citizens in any plea or plaint,
and allow the said Mayor and citizens to enjoy the same.
Witness the King at New Sarum, 28 Oct., 2 Edward III
[A.D. 1328]. (fn. 71)
De recordaco'e consuetudinum.
Writ of Henry VI. to the Justices of the King's Bench that
they allow the citizens to record their liberties and customs
as of old. Witness the King at Westminster, 18 Oct.,
7 Henry VI. [A.D. 1428].
Another writ to the same, enclosing a certificate of proceedings touching the above Richard Chaucer and others,
temp. Edward III., (fn. 72) and bidding them acknowledge the City's
liberties and customs. [No date.]
Ordinacio de Coupers.
13 Oct., 7 Henry VI. [A.D. 1428], petition to the Common
Council by the Wardens and good folk of the Mistery of
Coupers, that the ordinances made during the Mayoralty of
Drew Barantyn, and recorded in Letter-Book I, fo. lxxxii [b],
touching the use of sound wood without "sappe" in the
making of barrels, &c., together with the penalties then
imposed, might be extended to cover all persons engaged in
the craft, whether free of the Mistery of Coupers or not. (fn. 73)
De furrur' forisfact'.
27 Nov., 7 Henry VI. [A.D. 1428], came John More, John
Herst, Richard Alley, and Hugh Somervile, Wardens of the
Mistery of Skinners, before Henry Bartone, the Mayor, and
the Aldermen, and presented six panes (fn. 74) (panas) or furs of
"ficheux" (fn. 75) falsely and deceitfully made and packed (pakkatas),
to wit good skins seasoned (seisonatas) and not seasoned called
"Staches," (fn. 76) intermixed and sewn together, found in the house
of John Halyate, mercer, in the parish of St. Mary atte Bowe,
and prayed that the said furs might be treated according to
the laws and customs of the City. Thereupon the said John
Halyate was summoned, and being put on his defence declared
that he had obtained the said furs in foreign parts in the same
condition as they were found, but whether they were deceitfully made or not he was not aware, as he was not an expert,
but he was ready to submit to judgment. The Mayor and
Aldermen, finding the said furs to be deceitfully made and
packed, thereupon adjudged that all the skins that were
"stache" and not seasonable should be cut out from those
that were seasonable, and be forfeited to the use of the
Commonalty, and that the rest should be restored to the
Exon'acio Joh'is Cole ab assisis.
25 Feb., 7 Henry VI. [A.D. 1428-9], John Cole of co. Norfolk,
skinner, discharged by Henry Bartone, the Mayor, and the
Aldermen from serving on juries, &c., owing to increasing old
Folio 60 b.
Br'e de cerciorari sup' tenorib' diversar' lib'tatum civitatis London'.
Writ of certiorari to the Mayor and Aldermen touching slaves
and niefs entering the City and remaining therein for a year
and a day without challenge of their lords. (fn. 77) Witness the King
at Westminster, 20 Jan., 7 Henry VI. [A.D. 1428-9].
Return to the above to the following effect: That on folio xxi
of the Second Part of a certain book called 'Repertorium' (fn. 78) there
is a certain record or memorandum to the following effect:-
[Here follows the legendary account of the building of the
City by Brute and of its enjoying Trojan rights, liberties, and
That in the book touching the ancient laws (In libro de
antiquis legibus, etc.), liberties, and customs of the City called
'Speculum' (fn. 79) it is recorded to the following effect:-
De antiquis lib' tatib' civit'.
Be it remembered that in the time of St. Edward, King of
England, and before, whereof the memory of man runneth not
to the contrary, it has been the custom in the City of London, as
also it was in the great City of Troy, that every slave who
entered the City and therein remained a year and a day without being claimed by his lord could remain there for life as in a
hospice or King's Chamber. Hence it is that the said Saintly
King Edward decreed that the City should have and preserve
all its ancient uses and customs wheresoever the King himself
might be, whether on an expedition or otherwise. Afterwards
King William the Conqueror, by his charter preserved in the
same Treasury as the aforesaid ordinance of St. Edward,
granted to the men of London that they should be worthy of all
that law and right (ritu) which they had in the days of the
aforesaid Edward, and further granted (inter alia) that if slaves
remained a year and a day without challenge in walled
boroughs or castles or cities of the King, of which London has
always been esteemed the chief, they from that day became
free men. It is to be noted that the laws and statutes of
St. Edward the King above mentioned are recorded on
fo. xxxiv of this book under the title De heretochiis [sic] et
libertate London', and on fo. cxiii of the 'Liber Custumarum,' (fn. 80) and
fo. xxxvi of the book called 'Recordatorium.' (fn. 81) The statute also
touching slaves and niefs by William the Conqueror is recorded
on fo. xxviii of this book, on fo. cvi of the 'Liber Custumarum,' (fn. 82)
on fo. xxix of the 'Recordatorium,' and on fo. clxii of the Red
Book of the Exchequer. The charter by which the aforesaid
King granted to the citizens the rights (ritus) and laws which
they had temp. St. Edward, together with another charter by
which the said King gave to the citizens, immediately after the
conquest, all the hide and land of the City which he then held in
demesne, remain under the King's seal in the custody of the
Chamberlain in the City's Treasury. These charters are recorded
in the great charter of liberties and customs of the City, and
are confirmed by the lord the King and his progenitors. Their
contents appear in the Latin tongue on fo. ccxxxviii of the
'Liber Ordinacionum.' (fn. 83)