[Folios. 111 blank.]
Folio 111 b.
Letter from the Consuls and Echevins of the city of Prague,
as well as the nobles, captains, &c., of the kingdom of
Bohemia and the marquisate of Moravia, to Ernest, Duke of
Bavaria, notifying him of their intention to send delegates to
the Council of Basle, and urging him to give them his support.
Dated at Prague under the seal of the Mayor of the city feria
quinta ipsa die salus populi anno xxxii. (fn. 1)
Saturday, 11 Oct., 11 Henry VI. [A.D. 1432], a Common
Council was held, there being present John Welles, the Mayor,
John Symond the Recorder, Nicholas Wottone, Thomas
Fauconer, John Michell, John Reinwell, William Estfeld, John
Brokle, Ralph Bartone, John Perneys, Robert Otle, John
Patesle, Stephen Broun, Robert Large, and William Melreth;
Aldermen, John Olneye, one of the Sheriffs, and an immense
Be it remembered that on that day a petition was made by
the whole Commonalty that the Mayor and Aldermen should
cause a scrutiny to be made touching the assize of bread and
bakers, for that of late they had often mixed barley with wheat
and sent it out of the City to be milled, where it could not be
examined, and afterwards made bread of it and exposed it for
sale as pure bread.
Also, there was presented another petition, praying the Mayor
and Aldermen to urge the King's Council to place greater
restriction upon the exportation of corn for fear of creating a
Folio 111 b 112.
Also, there was presented another petition, that more stringent
measures might be taken against Brewers who infringe the
ordinances regulating their trade.
Folio 112 b.
Eleccio Joh'is Perneys in Maiorem London'.
Monday, the Feast of St. Edward [13 Oct.], 11 Henry VI.
[A.D. 1432], in the presence of John Welles, the Mayor, the
Prior of Christ Church, John Simond the Recorder, Henry
Bartone, Nicholas Wottone, Thomas Fawkener, John Michel,
John Reynwell, William Estfeld, John Perneys, John Brokle,
Robert Whitingham, Simon Seman, Henry Frowik, Ralph
Barton, Thomas "Wanford" [Wandesford], Robert Otteley,
John Olney [scratched through], Stephen Brown, Robert Large,
William Melreth, William Rus, John Pattesle, John Olney,
Aldermen, and an immense Commonalty summoned to the
Guildhall for the election of a Mayor for the year ensuing-
John Perneys was elected.
Afterwards, viz., on the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude
[28 Oct.], he was sworn at the Guildhall, and on the morrow
was presented, admitted, and accepted before the Barons of the
Br'e de quint'.
Letters patent appointing Thomas Wandesford, John Pattesle,
Thomas Bernwell, and Clement Lyffyn to be Commissioners
for levying in the City the subsidy granted in the last Parliament, (fn. 2) more especially for the defence of the realm. Witness
the King at Westminster, 24 Sept., 11 Henry VI. [A.D. 1432].
12 March, 11 Henry VI. [A.D. 1432-3], the guardianship of
Thomas and William, sons of William Tropenell, late tailor,
together with their patrimony, committed by John Perneys, the
Mayor, the Aldermen, and John Bederenden, the Chamberlain,
to Katherine, mother of the said orphans, during their minority.
Sureties, viz., William Combes, "felmonger," Thomas Badby,
William Childe, John Bedham, fishmongers, and Richard
27 May, 11 Henry VI. [A.D. 1433], the guardianship of
Richard, son of Richard Kere, late "irmonger," together with
his patrimony and money accruing to him by the death of
Elizabeth his sister, committed by the same to John Blaunche,
grocer (who married Elizabeth, the orphan's mother), for a
term of six years. Sureties, viz., William Bothe, grocer,
Nicholas Yoo, draper, John Brook, "bruer," and John Bracy,
Folio 113 b.
2 May, 11 Henry VI. [A.D. 1433], the guardianship of
William, son of William Barnes, late draper, together with his
patrimony, committed by the same to Roger Haysand, draper.
Sureties, viz., William Bothe, grocer, John Tyndale, fishmonger,
and John Knyght, draper.
Afterwards, viz., on Tuesday, the 2nd Aug., 18 Henry VI.
[A.D. 1440], came the above orphan into the Chamber of the
Guildhall before Robert Large, the Mayor, and the Aldermen,
and acknowledged satisfaction for his property.
15 May, 11 Henry VI. [A.D. 1433], the guardianship of
Robert, Richard, and Margaret, children of William Fulby,
alias Trumpyngton, late cordwainer, committed by the same to
Richard Fobell, cordwainer, for a term of seven years.
Sureties, viz., Richard Bradcok, goldsmith, Hugh Lowe,
cordwainer, and Richard Ferby, tailor.
Be it remembered that on the 14th May, 21 Henry VI.
[A.D. 1443], the above Richard Fobell and his sureties were
discharged, inasmuch as they had ceased to dwell in the City,
and one of them had died. New sureties are entered infra,
fo. 210 [b].
12 Oct., 12 Henry VI. [A.D. 1433], the guardianship of
Richard and Thomas, sons of Thomas Everdone, together with
their patrimony, committed by the same to Thomas Redyng.
Sureties, viz., Richard Harpele, John Frensch, William Potter,
and William Camell.
Folio 114 b-115.
Masters of Misteries sworn anno 11 Henry VI.
Foundours: John West, John Russell, sworn 5 Sept. [A.D.
Glasiers: John Greylond, Richard Herman, sworn 22 Sept.
Horners: Richard Catelyn, William Swetyng, sworn 7 Oct.
[Tapicers] Thomas Spayn, Richard Pope, John Brigg,
Richard Wrestlyngton, (fn. 3) sworn 7 Oct.
Armurers: Bartholomew Wynter, William Parker, sworn
Flecchers: Thomas Scotte, John Parker, sworn 26 Oct.
Coriours: William Carter, William Nasyng, sworn 4 Nov.
Grocers: Ralph Saye, Nicholas Wyfold, sworn 20 Sept.
Wexchaundelers: Richard Bury, Nicholas Boyly, sworn
Bruers: John Broke, William Parys, John Burveyn, William
Harry, sworn 17 Dec.
Fullers: Laurence Carpenter, John Feltone, Thomas Stone,
sworn 17 Dec.
Ale-conners (Scrutatores cervisie): William Rodevile, Simon
Herry, Thomas Smyth, Henry Ferby, sworn 22 Dec.
Lothoners (Latoners ?): John Marchall, Richard Twichener,
sworn 10 Dec.
Steynours: William Gynnore, Richard Davy, sworn 16 Jan.
Blaksmyths: Thomas Suthe, John Roberd, Thomas Welles,
Glovers: Peter Godynburgh, John Wright, William Loder,
sworn 5 Feb. [A.D. 1432-3].
Shipwrightes: William Cook, William Tawk, sworn 5 Feb.
Pouchemakers: John Taillour, Thomas Eliat, Richard Bystone,
John Crook, sworn 18 Oct. [A.D. 1432].
Girdelers: Richard Coltone, Thomas Mas, William Grymesby,
Thomas Herne, sworn 19 Aug. [A.D. 1433].
Fullers: Nicholas Walter, John Feltone, junior, Thomas
Stone, sworn the penultimate day of February [A.D. 1432-3].
Lymnours and Stacyoners: Robert Chirch, William Barough,
sworn 10 Aug. [A.D. 1433].
Diers: Thomas Couper, John Hiccheman, sworn 11 Aug.
Coupers: John Trendeler, John Dunstaple, sworn "Custer"
[sic]. (fn. 4) No date.
Lynwevers: John Rykhill, Robert Hawkyn, sworn 27 July
Lorimers: William Aleyn, William atte Noven', John Bounde,
sworn 5 Aug. [A.D. 1433].
Bochers: William Rede, Robert Tewe, sworn 27 May
Peyntours: Robert Squyry, John Keyle, sworn 4 July
Haberdasshers: Richard Blake, John Palmere, William Clerk,
John Polhill, sworn 18 Aug. [A.D. 1433].
Folio 115 b.
Custodia liberor' Joh'is 00.
31 March, 11 Henry VI. [A.D. 1433], the guardianship of
Elizabeth, John, and Thomas, children of John OO, late
apothecary, and of Katherine his wife, together with their
patrimony and goods, committed by John Perneys, the Mayor,
the Aldermen, and John Bederenden, the Chamberlain, to John
Curteys, apothecary, for a term of five years. Sureties, viz.,
William Warde, Thomas Peretre, John Gladwyn, drapers, and
John Beke, grocer.
[Folios. 116-118 b blank.]
Writ pluries to the Mayor, Aldermen, and Sheriffs that they
allow all foreign clothworkers to exercise their craft in the City,
if they so wish, without compelling them to become members of
the Weavers' Guild or to pay any money in respect thereof,
pursuant to statutes made in the 11th and 26th years of King
Edward III. (fn. 5) and confirmed by subsequent Kings, as well as
by King Henry VI. himself, on the 20th May in the 7th year
of his reign. Witness the King at Westminster, 1 Nov.,
11 Henry VI. [A.D. 1432].
Folio 119-119 b.
Return made to the above writ by John Perneys, the
Mayor, the Aldermen, and John Pattesle and John Olney, the
Sheriffs, to the following effect, viz., that there had always
existed in the City and suburbs three separate and distinct
misteries of native clothworkers, viz., native Weavers of
woollen cloth for Tapestry, native Weavers of woollen cloth for
Drapery, and native Weavers of woollen cloth for Napery, (fn. 6) and
that of these three only the Weavers for Drapery have always
had a Guild of their own. Further, that since the receipt of a
certain former writ (fn. 7) on the matter they had allowed all clothworkers from foreign parts to exercise their craft in the City
and suburbs without compelling them to join a Guild or make
any payment thereto. [No date.]
Report made by the Mayor and citizens of London to the Commissioners appointed to hear and determine the claim made by the
Dean and Chapter of the Church of St. Martin le Grand to be
exempt from the jurisdiction and liberty of the City.
The claimants base their claim, firstly, upon certain words
contained in a charter granted to the said church by William
the Conqueror, in the second year of his reign. (fn. 8) Secondly,
they rely on a charter dated 4 Feb., 15 Henry III. [A.D. 1230-1],
granting to the said church and to Walter de Kirkham, the Dean, (fn. 9)
and his successors exemption from divers tolls and other
payments and services. (fn. 10)
As to the words in the charter of William, the Mayor and
citizens say that they are too general to derogate from the
City's special liberties, rights, and jurisdictions, and such a
claim as that of immunity from jurisdiction must be supported
by special warrant, royal grant, or ancient licence approved by
law. Moreover, if the words had any force, they would
in law extend only to the canons and possessions of the church,
and not to the protection of criminals fleeing from justice and
the jurisdiction of the King and of his City, for this would be
contrary to reason and manifestly redound to the increase of
As to the charter of Henry III., it cannot prejudice the City's
jurisdiction, inasmuch as it was granted long after the citizens
had acquired the fee ferm of the City with all its appurtenances,
including the right of distress, attachment, and execution of
the King's commands, as well within the said close as elsewhere
in the City.
Folio 120 b.
Further, they say that the charters aforesaid and every other
charter granted to the Dean and Chapter of the close or
church of St. Martin le Grand were granted in these terms,
viz., "to God and the church of St. Martin le Grand, London";
or "St. Martin le Grand of London"; or "St. Martin le Grand,
London, within London," or "in London," which words plainly
show that the close is of, and in, the liberty of the City of
Here follow the answer and articles touching the attachment of a
Canon of Waltham lately made within the close of St. Martin le
London, as alleged, whereby the Dean complains he is
aggrieved, proving that the place wherein the attachment was
made is of, and in, the liberty and jurisdiction of the City.
The Mayor and citizens say that the attachment was made
by virtue of a certain special commission addressed to the
Mayor of the time, and in the house of a certain John Belle
situate, with many other houses, without the aforesaid close in
the King's highway, in the parish of St. Michael le Quern, in
the Ward of Farndon, as will be most clearly proved if and
whenever the lords of the Council wish to hear the matter. If,
however, the Dean should wish to claim the house as being
within the close, the Mayor and citizens are prepared to prove
by the evidences which follow that the arrest was good and
lawful by the laws and customs both of the realm and City,
inasmuch as the said close from time immemorial has been of,
and in, the liberty and jurisdiction of the City.
First, they say that the City has been from time immemorial
the chief city of the whole realm of England, as well in honours
as in liberties and free customs, for it was founded after the
manner, and in memory, of ancient Troy, and hence for long
time was called Troynovant; that in the time of Edward the
Confessor and before, the City was of itself an entire Sheriffwick
(fn. 12) ) and an entire jurisdiction and liberty held to
ferm by the citizens from the King; that by virtue of such
jurisdiction and liberty the citizens have always enjoyed the
right of electing certain principal officers in the City to answer
to the King for the said ferm, and under him to govern the
inhabitants of the City in peace and justice, according to their
ancient laws and customs, so that no summons, attachment,
distress, or execution could take place in the said close or elsewhere in the City, except by such officers and their servants.
They, further, say that William the Conqueror-before his
charter of foundation of the said church-with the authority of
his Parliament (auctoritate parliamenti sui), had granted two
charters, by one of which he granted to the citizens of London
the whole of the said City and Sheriffwick (vicecomitatum) of
London with all their appurtenances, whereby they make
attachments, &c., as well within the said close as elsewhere in
the City; by the other charter he confirmed to the citizens and
their successors all the liberties and customs they had enjoyed
under Edward the Confessor. (fn. 13) These liberties the citizens had
thus enjoyed from before the foundation of the said church
down to the present day, and thus, they say, the said close had
been from time immemorial of, and in, the jurisdiction and justice
(justicia) of the City of London, and parcel of the same, and the
Dean and Canons of the said close and church had never had
any jurisdiction within the said close apart from the justice of
the City. All which the Mayor and citizens are prepared to
prove, and more especially from the time of Edward I., when
the greater part of the land, &c., which now forms the close,
came into the possession of the Dean and Chapter.
Thus they say, firstly, that in the time of Edward I. the
greater part of the close was a certain common highway of the
City; in the parish of St. Leonard in the Ward of Aldrichesgate, leading from St. Vedast Lane to the church of St. Martin
le Grand (fn. 14) on one part, and to the church of St. Nicholas
Shambles on the other; and because the said lane became the
resort of bad characters at night, the King, after inquisition
held, allowed the Dean of the said church to enclose it, and
thus he claims to have private jurisdiction therein, although the
jurisdiction of the King and of the City was not thereby
Also they say, that anno 4 Edward I. a command was given
to the Mayor and citizens by Roger de Seytone and his
fellow-justices itinerant that they should diligently inquire what
churches, colleges, &c., within the liberties of the City were
of the advowson, presentation, or donation of the King, and
make a return of the same to the aforesaid justices; and
among the churches, &c., so returned was that of St. Martin le
Grand, as is testified by the record of the Iter in the King's
Treasury, a copy of which was delivered to the citizens
according to ancient custom, and is now produced. (fn. 15) From this
it is clear that the close and church are of, and in, the liberty
and jurisdiction of the City.
Also they say, that anno 14 Edward II. the Mayor and
citizens came before Hervey de Staunton and his fellow-justices
itinerant at the Tower, together with twelve good men from
each Ward, among them being twelve men from the Ward of
Aldrichesgate, who, in answer to articles of the Iter touching
the churches in the said Ward which were of the King's
donation, said that the church of St. Martin, London, was in the
King's donation, and that Richard Ellefeld was Dean, but by
what title they did not know. (fn. 16) Precept was therefore sent to
the Sheriffs to summon the said Dean, who appeared, but
claimed no exemption except from the jurisdiction of the
Ordinary, as appears on the record. He also said that he held
the said church as a free chapel of the lord the King by
grant of the King, exempt from the jurisdiction of the Ordinary
by the King's letters dated at Newerk, 6 Oct., 11 Edward II.
Folio 121 b.
Also, presentment was made in the same Iter that the
Dean and Canons of St. Martin le Grand had a solar opposite
the said church which was a public nuisance; that the Canons
occupied the said solar, which they claimed as parcel of the
close and exempt. Thereupon the Dean was summoned, and,
on appearance, he promised that the nuisance should be
Presentment was also made of three posts placed by the
aforesaid Dean on the King's highway which were a public
nuisance. Abatement promised.
Also the said Dean and Chapter, before the same Justices,
claimed to have certain liberties prescribed in their two
charters, but did not claim jurisdiction and immunity either by
virtue of the said charters or for other cause. Thereupon
Geoffrey Scrope, the King's Serjeant-at-law, said that the
said Dean and Chapter ought not to have "infangtheof,"
inasmuch as those indicted for felony or taken within the
close or soke of the said Dean and Chapter were delivered
or condemned before the Justices at Newgate.
Also, on Saturday before the Feast of St. Gregory
[12 March], 17 Edward II. [A.D. 1323-4], a certain Robert
Stode, son of William Cramphorne, of "Sabriggesworth," (fn. 17)
fled to the church of St. Martin le Grand, and then and there
acknowledged before Stephen de Abyndone, the King's Butler
and Coroner, and John de Oxon' and Adam de Sarum, the
Sheriffs, that he was a felon, having killed Agnes, daughter of
Thomas Badle, at Sobbery (fn. 18) with a "fagot staff," and refused to
give himself up. He afterwards made his escape, as may be
seen in the Coroner's Roll preserved in the City's Treasury. (fn. 19)
Also, on Thursday the Feast of Corpus Christi [22 June],
3 Edward III. [A.D. 1329], William Lullay of Cambridge,
"bocher," fled to the same church, and then and there
acknowledged before Simon Fraunceys and Henry de Combmartyn, the Sheriffs, and John Shirborne, the City Coroner,
that he had killed Richard Burgeis, "bocher," in the high
street, opposite the church of St. Martin le Grand. He refused
to surrender, and afterwards made his escape, &c.
Also, on Wednesday before the Feast of the Conversion of
St. Paul [25 Jan.], 4 Edward III. [A.D. 1330-1], information was
given to Robert de Ely and Thomas de Harewode, the
Sheriffs, and John Shirborne, the King's Coroner in the City,
that a certain Thomas le Longe of Derby lay dead of a
death other than his rightful death within the close of the
Dean of St. Martin le Grand, in the Ward of Aldrichesgate.
Thereupon the Coroner and Sheriffs went there, and having
summoned good men of that Ward and of the three nearest
Wards, viz., Farndon Within, Castle Baynard, and "Crepoulgate," they diligently inquired how it happened, viz., by oath,
&c. The jurors say that on the preceding Tuesday, after the
hour of curfew, the aforesaid Thomas le Longe and a certain
Thomas de Harburgh, servants of Sir Richard de Bury, Clerk
of the lord the King, were quarrelling in the said close, and
that the said Thomas de Harburgh struck the said Thomas le
Longe with a knife on the breast, inflicting a wound an inch
long and 7 inches deep, so that he immediately died. The
said Thomas de Harburgh was forthwith arrested, and taken to
the house of Robert de Ely, the Sheriff. No one else was
present, and nobody was suspected of the death except the said
Thomas de Harburgh. The corpse was viewed, on which
appeared the wound. Precept to the Sheriff to attach the four