LIST 1 BISHOPS OF BANGOR
Said to have been cons. bp. of Bangor by Sulien bp. of St Davids, so presum.
either 1073 x 78 or 1080 x 85 (De Invectionibus p. 140; below, list 34; see also
Pearson, 'Bangor chapter' pp. 169-70).
Presum. appd. by kg. during vacancy at Canterbury (so after 28 May 1089), perhaps
a chapl. of William II but does not occ. as such. Cons. by Thomas I abp. of York ,
s.v. Canterbury (Hugh the Chanter: History of the Church of York, ed. C. Johnson, rev.
M. Brett, C. N. L. Brooke and M. Winterbottom (Oxford Medieval Texts, 1990) pp. 12-
13). Prof. obed. not recorded (Cant. Profs. p. lxxxvii and n. 3). Left Bangor for England
prob. late 1090s (Willelmi Malmesbiriensis de Gestis Pontificum, ed. N. E. S. A. Hamilton
(RS lii, 1870) pp. 325-6; Liber Eliensis, ed. E. O. Blake (Camden 3rd ser., xcii, 1962) p.
245; and see C. P. Lewis, 'Gruffudd ap Cynan and the Normans', Gruffudd ap Cynan: a
Collaborative Biography, ed. K. L. Maund (Woodbridge, 1996) pp. 61-77, at p. 74).
Pope referred question of his transl. from Bangor back to abp. Anselm 12 Dec. 1102
(Eadmer, HN p. 139). Abp. refused kg.'s request for his transl. to Lisieux 28 Sept. 1106
x 11 Aug. 1107 (Councils and Eccles. Docs. 1304-5 = Letters of St Anselm of Canterbury,
transl. W. Fröhlich (3 vols., Kalamazoo, 1990-4) III no. 404; cf. Ord. Vit. V 322 n. 4).
Last occ. as bp. of Bangor in London 27 June 1109 (Diceto I 238). Transl. to new see
of Ely: papal consent 21 Nov. 1108, enthr. Oct. 1109, d. 30 Aug. 1131 (1 Fasti II 45).
David 'the Scot'
Master of cath. school of Würzburg before 1110, when he accompanied emperor
Henry V to Italy, and wrote an account of the expedition at the emperor's request
(Ekkehard of Aura's 'Chronicon', ed. G. Waitz, Monumenta Germaniae Historica,
Scriptores VI (1844) 33-267, at p. 243; Ord. Vit. V 198-9; Will. Malmes., GR I
764-5, 770-1; Sharpe, Handlist no. 228). (fn. 3) Described as a clerk, el. by prince [Gruffudd
ap Cynan], clergy and people, conf. by kg. Henry I, pres. to abp. for cons. early
1120 (Eadmer, HN pp. 259-60; cf. John of Worcester III 146-7). Cons. by abp. 4
Apr. 1120 at Westminster (Eadmer, HN p. 260; John of Worcester III 146-7). Prof.
obed. [same day] (Cant. Profs. no. 67). Last occ. at deathbed of prince Gruffudd
 (History of Gruffydd ap Cynan, ed. Arthur Jones (Manchester, 1910) pp.
156-7; cf. ibid. pp. 154-5). Possibly returned to Würzburg as a monk shortly before
d. (Will. Malmes., GR II 385).
Clerk, el. by clergy and people, conf. by kg. 3 Dec. 1139; at first refused to do
homage to kg. at Worcester, but was persuaded to do so by attendant bps. of
Hereford and Chichester (John of Worcester III 278-9). Cons. by abp. early 1140
(ibid. pp. 284-5). Appt. opposed by princes Owain Gwynedd and Cadwaladr, who
protested at meeting with Bernard bp. of St Davids 1 Nov. 1140 (De Invectionibus
pp. 140, 142-3, 146-7). At some point in his episcopate, prob. after c. 1154, he
was forced into exile as a result of his attempts to reform the Welsh church and
because of Owain's hostility (JS Epp. I no. 87). D. 12 Aug. 1161 (lost calendar of
Shrewsbury abbey, cited Le Neve/Hardy I 96 n. 13; cf. Brut Peniarth Text p. 108a,
Brut Peniarth Transl. p. 62, and Brut Red Book pp. 142-3, giving 1161). His three
brothers, David, Moses and Rhys, were perhaps members of Bangor chapter (below,
[Arthur of Bardsey
Possibly nom. by prince Owain before Oct. 1163 (Corresp. of Becket I no. 12
and n. 5). Prob. received cons. in Ireland before 1165, summoned to abp.'s court
for 2 Feb. 1166 (ibid. no. 61; cf. ibid. nos. 57-60, 114). Owain urged by abp. to
give up el. to Bangor Apr. or May 1169 (ibid. II no. 202).]
Gwion (Wido) (fn. 4)
Cons. by abp. 22 May 1177 at Amesbury (Diceto I 420; Gesta Hen. II I 165-
6). Prof. obed. [same day] (Cant. Profs. no. 113). Forced to take Cross 12 Apr.
1188 (Gir. Cambr. VI 125). Occ. at Richard I's coronation 3 Sept. 1189 (L. Landon,
Itinerary of King Richard I (Pipe Roll Soc., n.s., xiii, 1935) p. 3). D. 1190 or
1191 (Brut Peniarth Text p. 133a; Brut Peniarth Transl. p. 74; Brut Red Book pp.
172-3). (fn. 5) His son Philip was archdcn. of unidentified archdcnry. (below, list 7).
He had three brothers: Madog, Gervase and Philip (Cart. Haughmond nos. 785-
6, 1212, 1220).
Prior of hosp. of St John of Jerusalem in England, appd. by abp. 1195 (De
Invectionibus pp. 95-6; see R. W. Hays, 'Rotoland, subprior of Aberconway, and
the controversy over the see of Bangor, 1199-1204', Journal of Hist. Soc. of Church
in Wales xviii (1963) 9-19, at p. 10). Cons. 16 Apr. 1195 (Flores Historiarum, ed.
H. R. Luard (3 vols., RS xcv, 1890) II 113; ann. Southwark, BL Cotton MS Faust.
A. viii fo. 137r). Prof. obed. [same day] (Cant. Profs. no. 134). Spent most of
episcopate in England (Hays, 'Rotoland' p. 10). D. 19 May 1196 (Cart. of Knights
of St John of Jerusalem in England, Secunda Camera, Essex, ed. M. Gervers
(British Academy, 1982) p. 570, giving 19 May; Brut Peniarth Text p. 136a, Brut
Peniarth Transl. p. 75, Brut Red Book pp. 175-6, and Ann. Tewkes. p. 55, giving
Subprior of Aberconwy (Cist.), el. bp. c. 1191 and 1196 (De Invectionibus pp.
95-6; Gir. Cambr. III 193, 195, 240 etc.; and see Hays, 'Rotoland').]
M. Robert of Shrewsbury
Dean of Shrewsbury (Cart. Shrewsbury nos. 286, 351; cf. ibid. nos. 16, 106,
283, 300, and EEA II no. 312); also preb. of Wolverhampton (Petri Blesensis Opera
Omnia, in Patrologia Latina, ed. J.-P. Migne, ccvii, Epistolae no. 147, at col. 436).
Appd. by abp. without el. (Gir. Cambr. I 114; cf. ibid. III 193). Cons. by abp. 
March 1197 (Ann. Merton, Cambridge Corpus Christi Coll. MS 59 fo. 168rb, giving
'xvi kal. Aprilis', 17 March, doubtless in error for 'xvii kal.', 16 March, which
was Sunday). Prof. obed. n.d. (Cant. Profs. no. 136). Non-resident for most of
episcopate (Hays, 'Rotoland' p. 10). Abducted 1211 (Ann. Camb. p. 67 n. 4). D.
1212 (Brut Peniarth Text p. 155b; Brut Peniarth Transl. p. 85; Brut Red Book pp.
190-1; Ann. Worc. p. 401; Ann. Tewkes. p. 60); buried at Shrewsbury (Ann.
Waverley p. 273).
Cadwgan of Llandyfái
Abbot of Whitland (Cist.) (Heads II 323; also ibid. I 147, 274-5). Royal letters
of protection for unnamed abbot of Whitland 27 Dec. 1214 (Rot. Litt. Pat. p. 125b).
Lic. to el. gr., with royal nom. of abbot of Whitland, 13 March 1215 (ibid. p. 130b).
Royal assent to el. of 'O.' abbot of Whitland 13 Apr. (ibid. p. 132b). Cons. by
abp. 21 June at Staines (ann. Southwark, ed. M. Tyson, 'Annals of Southwark and
Merton', Surrey Archaeol. Collections xxxvi (1925) 24-57, at p. 50; cf. Ann. Worc.
p. 404, 'xvi die Iunii', doubtless for 'xix'). Prof. obed. [same day] (Cant. Profs.
no. 154). Res. before 1 March 1236 (CPL I 151). Entered Cist. abbey of Dore
(Herefs.) (Brut Peniarth Text p. 196a; Brut Peniarth Transl. p. 104; Brut Red Book
pp. 234-5). D. at Dore 11 Apr. 1241 (Ann. Tewkes. p. 122; cf. Brut Red Book pp.
234-5). Writer of theological works (Sharpe, Handlist no. 176; J. Goering and H.
Pryce, 'The De modo confitendi of Cadwgan bishop of Bangor', Mediaeval Studies
lxii (2000) 1-27).
Archdcn. of Bangor (below, list 3). Lic. to el. gr. 7 June 1236 (CPR 1232-47 p.
149). Royal assent 3 July (ibid. p. 152). Cons. by abp. 1237 and prof. obed. (Cant.
Profs. no. 173). Opposed prince Dafydd ap Llywelyn 1241-6 (Stephenson,
Governance pp. 169-70). Fealty to kg. at Windsor 20 Apr. 1246 (Litt. Wall. no.
21). After Anglo-Welsh agreement of 1247 left impoverished see of Bangor, staying
at St Albans where he last occ. 2 Jan. 1258 (Chron. Maj. IV 647, V 2, 288, 432,
602, 608; Stephenson, Governance pp. 170-1), though with at least one visit to
Bangor dioc., where he occ. 11 July 1252 (Registrum vulgariter nuncupatum 'The
Record of Caernarvon', [ed. H. Ellis] (Record Commission, 1838) p. 252). Back
in Wales by Oct. 1259 (CPR 1258-66 p. 57), and occ. Apr. 1261 (Councils and
Eccles. Docs. I 489-93) and May 1265 (Close Rolls 1264-8 p. 117). Petitioned
pope to be allowed to res. because of age and illness c. 29 Sept. 1267 (Councils
and Eccles. Docs. I 496-7). D. before 8 Nov. 1267 (CPR 1266-72 p. 165).
Archdcn. of Anglesey (below, list 4). Lic. to el. gr. 8 Nov. 1267 (CPR 1266-72
p. 165). Royal assent 12 Dec. (ibid. p. 173). Temps. 5 Jan. 1268 (ibid. p. 178).
Cons. by abp. 1267/8 at Canterbury (Cant. Profs. no. 210). D. before 12 Jan. 1307
(Canterbury cath. Reg. A fo. 82v; 2 Fasti XI 3). The Bangor Pontifical prob. to be
associated with him (T. Morris, 'The Liber Pontificalis Aniani of Bangor', Trans.
Anglesey Antiquarian Soc. and Field Club (1962) 55-78; S. Harper, 'The Bangor
Pontifical: a pontifical of the Use of Salisbury', Welsh Music History ii (1997)
65-99, suggesting an East Anglian origin).