LLANDAFF
Bishops

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Institute of Historical Research

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M.J. Pearson

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2003

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13-17

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'LLANDAFF: Bishops', Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066-1300: volume 9: The Welsh cathedrals (Bangor, Llandaff, St Asaph, St Davids) (2003), pp. 13-17. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=33754 Date accessed: 30 October 2014.


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Llandaff 1066-1300

LIST 9 BISHOPS OF LLANDAFF

Bps. of south-east Wales originally described themselves as 'Teilo's bp.'. Before 1107 'Gwlad Morgan' (Glamorgan) had been adopted. The title 'bp. of Llandaff' was used by bp. Urban from c. 1119 (LL p. 30; Llandaff Acta p. xxxvi).

Herewald (fn. 18)

His predecessor, Joseph, d. in Rome c. 1045 (Brut Peniarth Text p. 18a; Brut Peniarth Transl. p. 14; Brut Red Book pp. 24-5; Ann. Camb. p. 24). Herewald cons. by abp. Cynesige of York 23 May 1059 in London, according to Llandaff source (LL pp. 265-6), (fn. 19) but said in English sources to have been appd. by kg. William I and cons. by abp. Lanfranc 1071 (Diceto I 203; Episcopal Acts II 608 (L4) = Canterbury, Chartae Antiquae C. 117 m. 2d; cf. Cant. Profs. pp. xc-xci). Susp. by abp. Anselm soon after Dec. 1093 (Letters of St Anselm of Canterbury, transl. W. Fröhlich (3 vols., Kalamazoo, 1990-4) II 84-5, no. 175). D. 6 March 1104 (LL p. 280; Canterbury, Chartae Antiquae C. 117 m. 2d; (fn. 20) cf. Ann. Margam p. 8, giving 1104, aged 100). (fn. 21) His son Leofric was archdcn. of Llandaff (below, list 10).

Urban (Gwrgan) (fn. 22)

Archdcn. of Llandaff, prob. from before 6 March 1104 (below, list 10). Cons. by abp. 11 Aug. 1107 (LL p. 280; Eadmer, HN p. 187; John of Worcester III 112-13; Willelmi Malmesbiriensis de Gestis Pontificum, ed. N. E. S. A. Hamilton (RS lii, 1870) p. 117). (fn. 23) Prof. obed. n.d. (Cant. Profs. no. 59). D. at or near Rome on or before 9 Oct. 1134 (Cartae 190-1; cf. Ann. Margam p. 13 and Henry of Huntingdon, Historia Anglorum, ed. D. Greenway (Oxford Medieval Texts, 1996) pp. 488- 91).

Uhtred (fn. 24)

Archdcn. of Llandaff by 1126/7 (below, list 10). Cons. by abp. early 1140, with Meurig bp. of Bangor, in London (John of Worcester III 284-5; cf. above, list 1). Prof. obed. n.d. (Cant. Profs. no. 82). D. early in 1148, highly praised in native chrons. (Brut Peniarth Text p. 97a; Brut Peniarth Transl. p. 56; Brut Red Book pp. 126-7; Ann. Camb. p. 44; cf. Ann. Tewkes. p. 47, giving 1148).

Nicholas (fn. 25)

Monk of Gloucester abbey (Ben.) from c. 1118 (Llandaff Acta no. 15). Cons. by abp. and prof. obed. 14 March 1148 at Canterbury (Cant. Profs. no. 90). Participated in coronation of young kg. Henry 14 June 1170 (Corresp. of Becket II no. 256 (at pp. 1104-5)). Susp. by abp. 1174 for blessing abbot of Malmesbury against wishes of bp. of Salisbury (EEA II no. 166; Heads I 55, 251; and cf. Llandaff Acta no. 29). D. 4 June or 6 July 1183 (Ann. Margam p. 17, giving '2 non. Iunii'; Episcopal Acts II 657 (L164) = Cartae III 859, giving '2 non. Iulii'; cf. Ann. Tewkes. p. 53 for 1183).

William of Saltmarsh (fn. 26)

Can. and chamberlain of St Augustine's, Bristol (Aug.), occ. 1170 x 76 (Llandaff Acta p. xiv and n. 16); prior by March 1177 (Heads I 155, 276). El. 3 Dec. 1184 (Gesta Hen. II I 320, wrongly giving 'Bangor'). Cons. by abp. 10 Aug. 1186 at Lambeth (Diceto II 41). D. [1191] (De Invectionibus p. 193). First bp. of Llandaff not to have Welsh connections; not mentioned in native chrons.

Henry (fn. 27)

Prior of Abergavenny (Ben.; Gwent) (LL pp. 303, 312). Cons. by abp. 12 Dec. 1193 in London (ann. Southwark, BL Cotton MS Faust. A. viii fo. 137r; Adami de Domerham Historia, ed. T. Hearne (2 vols., Oxford, 1727) II 358-9). Prof. obed. n.d. (Cant. Profs. no. 132). Created cath. chapter c. 1213 (above, introduction). D. 8 or 12 Nov. 1218 (LL pp. 314-15, giving 8 Nov.; Ann. Margam p. 33, giving 12 Nov.). His brother, John, occ. 1193 x 1218 (Llandaff Acta no. 52).

William II (fn. 28)

Prior of Goldcliff (Gwent) (dependency of Le Bec-Hellouin, Ben.) from after 1204 (Heads I 103, 263; cf. Llandaff Acta p. xv n. 22). Prov. to bpric. of Llandaff by Pandulph, papal legate, notified to kg. 11 July [1219] (Cartae II 381-2). Royal assent and temps. 16 July (Pat. Rolls 1216-25 p. 196). Cons. by abp. and prof. obed. 27 Oct. 1219 (Cant. Profs. no. 158; cf. Ann. Tewkes. p. 64 and Ann. Worc. p. 411). D. 28 Jan. 1230 (LL p. 315; Cartae III 859; Ann. Margam p. 37; Ann. Tewkes. p. 73).

Elias of Radnor (fn. 29)

Treas. of Hereford, from before 17 Nov. 1215 (1 Fasti VIII 18-19). Lic. to el. gr. 23 Feb. 1230 (Pat. Rolls 1225-32 pp. 326-7). Presum. el. after 12 June, when he was still called treas. of Hereford (Close Rolls 1227-31 pp. 354-5). Royal assent and temps. 30 Aug. (Pat. Rolls 1225-32 pp. 394-5; Close Rolls 1227-31 pp. 432- 3). Cons. 1 Dec. at Merton (Ann. Tewkes. p. 77; cf. Ann. Margam p. 38). Prof. obed. n.d. (Cant. Profs. no. 168). D. 7 or 13 May 1240 (LL p. 315, giving 7 May; Ann. Tewkes. p. 114, giving 13 May). Commem. at Hereford 6 May (1 Fasti VIII 120).

[M. Maurice

Archdcn. of Llandaff from before Oct. 1219 (below, list 10). El. by chapter prob. 1240, but royal assent refused (Ann. Tewkes. p. 116). D. 14 Dec. 1242 (list 10).]

[M. William of Christchurch (fn. 30)

Member of earl William Marshal II's administration, seneschal of Netherwent (Chepstow) by 1223 (Llandaff Acta p. xvi and n. 26; Cal. of Ancient Correspondence concerning Wales, ed. J. G. Edwards (Cardiff, 1935) pp. 35-6, where he occ. as agent of kg.'s chanc. 1230). (fn. 31) El. presum. 1243 or early 1244. Royal assent refused 1244, res. by 5 June (CPR 1232-47 p. 427; cf. ibid. p. 431). Perhaps to be identified with can. of St Davids who occ. 10 Oct. 1253 (below, list 46).]

M. William de Burgh (fn. 32)

Can. of Llandaff (below, list 19); keeper of kg.'s privy seal from 28 Nov. 1242 (CPR 1232-47 p. 348), controller of wardrobe (Tout, Chapters I 260, 262). Lic. to el. gr. 10 July 1244 (CPR 1232-47 p. 431). Royal assent and temps. 17 July (ibid. p. 432; cf. Close Rolls 1242-7 p. 213). Cons. prob. 26 Feb. 1245 at Carrow (near Norwich) (presum. same day as M. Walter of Suffield, bp. of Norwich, for whose cons. see Ann. Waverley p. 336 and 1 Fasti II 57; and see Llandaff Acta no. 83). Prof. obed. n.d. (Cant. Profs. no. 180). Lost his sight c. 1246 (Chron. Maj. V 382). D. 11 June 1253 (LL p. 316; cf. Ann. Tewkes. p. 156, giving 1254).

John de la Warre (fn. 33)

Abbot of Margam (Cist., W. Glam.) from 1237 (Heads II 292). Lic. to el. gr. 13 June 1253 (CPR 1247-58 p. 197). El. before c. 24 June (Ann. Tewkes. p. 153). Royal assent 26 July (Close Rolls 1251-3 p. 399; CPR 1247-58 p. 217). Temps. 12 Aug. (CPR 1247-58 p. 221). Cons. and prof. obed. 11 Jan. 1254 at Canterbury (Ann. Tewkes. p. 153; Cant. Profs. no. 188, cf. no. 187). Enthr. at Llandaff 15 Feb. (Ann. Tewkes. p. 153). D. 29 or 30 June 1256 (Cartae III 860, giving feast of SS Peter and Paul; LL p. 316, giving day after SS Peter and Paul).

M. William of Radnor (fn. 34)

Treas. of Llandaff (below, list 13). Lic. to el. gr. 8 July 1256 (CPR 1247-58 p. 486). El. 28 July (Cartae II 617-18). Royal assent 30 July (CPR 1247-58 p. 490). Temps. 14 Sept. (Close Rolls 1254-6 pp. 361-2). Cons. by abp. and prof. obed. 7 Jan. 1257 at St Paul's, London (Episcopal Acts II 739-40 (L488); cf. Cant. Profs. no. 193, '1255'). D. 9 Jan. 1266 (LL p. 316). Presum. a kinsman of bp. Elias of Radnor (above); M. Simon of Radnor, archdcn. of Llandaff (below, list 10); and John of Radnor, can. of Llandaff (list 19). Not to be confused with M. William of Radnor (the younger), who occ. as can. of Llandaff 1271/2 (list 19).

M. William de Briouze (fn. 35)

Can. of Llandaff (below, list 19). Lic. to el. sought 17 Jan. 1266 (Episcopal Acts II 750 (L530)). El. c. 7 March (Chron. Wykes p. 183, 'adolescens ingenuus'). Royal assent 28 March (CPR 1258-66 p. 572). Conf. by papal legate; temps. 14 Apr. (ibid. p. 581). Cons. by abp. 23 May (Chron. Wykes p. 190). Prof. obed. n.d. (Cant. Profs. no. 208). Issued statutes on cans.' residence 1275 (LL pp. 298- 9). D. 18 or 19 March 1287 (ibid. p. 317, for 18 March; Ann. Worc. p. 493, for 19 March).

[M. Philip de Stanton (fn. 36)

Prec. of Wells by ? 1278; d. 18 Oct. 1294 x 27 May 1295 (1 Fasti VII 15, 95). Can. of Llandaff (below, list 14). El. by a group of cans. 1287, before 10 July (PRO C 84/9/9); his el. opposed by a group of cans. led by Bogo de Clare, chanc. of Llandaff, and abp. refused to conf. (see letters of kg. and royal chanc. 7 and 12 Sept. 1287, in W. Prynne, History of King John: an Exact Chronological Vindication ... III (1670) pp. 1286-7). Appeal to pope by his opponents; his el. qua. 16 Sept. 1290 (CPL I 519). Addressed as bp.-el. by disapproving abp. 5 Aug. 1290 (Reg. Epp. Peckham III 976).]

[William de Hotham

A Dom. friar, papal prov., occ. as bp.-el. 16 Sept. 1290 (CPL I 519), papal mandate to abp. same day for his cons. (ibid. p. 520); evidently unwilling to accept bpric., papal mandate ordering his obedience 26 Apr. 1291 (ibid. p. 535). Prov. to abpric. of Dublin 24 Apr. 1296 (ibid. p. 565).]

M. John of Monmouth (fn. 37)

Chanc. of Oxford university 1290-1; can. of Lincoln, coll. 16 Aug. 1290 (1 Fasti III 87). Prov. by pope 2 Oct. 1294 (Reg. Winchelsey I 5-8), appd. by abp. 14 Oct. (ibid.; cf. CPL I 565). Temps. 4 Apr. 1295 (CPR 1292-1301 p. 132; cf. Reg. Winchelsey I 8-9). Papal permission to abp. to appoint and cons. another bp. if John is d., 28 July 1296 (CPL I 565). Cons. and prof. obed. 10 Feb. 1297 (Cant. Profs. no. 242). D. 8 Apr. 1323 (LL p. 317; 2 Fasti XI 21). D. before 31 May 1323 (CPR 1321-4 p. 293).

Footnotes

18 His name is English, as also that of his son, Leofric.
19 But LL's notice of his d., 6 March 1104, states that it occurred in the 48th year of his cons., which would give a cons. date, if Pentecost is right, of 26 May 1056. See Wendy Davies, 'The consecration of bishops of Llandaff in the 10th and 11th centuries', BBCS xxvi (1974-6) 53-73, at pp. 62, 64-6, 71, 72, 73, concluding, p. 69, that he was cons. between 1055 and 1060, and prob. 1056.
20 Canterbury Chartae Antiquae C. 117 m. 2d also states that he d. in the 48th year of his cons. (see previous note). Like LL p. 280 it gives a vacancy after his d. of 4 years 5 months and 7 days: correctly, this should be 3 years 5 months and 5 (or 6) days. See W. Davies, 'The consecration' (as above, n. 19).
21 Brenhinedd y Saesson, ed. Thomas Jones (Board of Celtic Studies, History and Law series xxv, 1971) pp. 104-5 gives 1107 as the date of his d.
22 He was wholly or partly Welsh: see Llandaff Acta pp. xi-xii and n. 3; also D. Crouch, 'Urban: first bishop of Llandaff, 1107-34', Journal of Welsh Ecclesiastical History vi (1989) 1-15, at p. 1.
23 See W. Davies, 'The consecration' (as above, n. 19) pp. 62, 63, 64-5, 71, 72-3.
24 For his three surviving chs., see Llandaff Acta nos. 1-3. His son, Robert, was an enemy of the succeeding bp.: JS Epp. I no. 57. His daughter, Angharad, married Iorwerth ab Owain of Gwynllyg: Brut Peniarth Text p. 117b, Brut Peniarth Transl. p. 66, Brut Red Book pp. 154-5. His nephew, Geoffrey, was a pr.: Llandaff Acta no. 2.
25 Son of a certain 'Gwrgan', who was not bp. Urban: see Llandaff Acta pp. xiii-xiv. For his chs., see ibid. nos. 4-31. For his seals, see Williams, 'Episcopal seals' p. 116 nos. 26-7.
26 Prob. Saltmarsh, Herefs. For the Glos. family of this name, see Llandaff Acta p. xiv and n. 17. For William's chs., see ibid. nos. 32-9, 107. For his seals, see Williams, 'Episcopal seals' pp. 116-17 nos. 28-30.
27 For his chs., see Llandaff Acta nos. 40-57. For his seals, see Williams, 'Episcopal seals' p. 117 nos. 31-4, and 'Welsh seals at Canterbury' p. 150 no. 4.
28 For his chs., see Llandaff Acta nos. 58-66. For his seal, see Williams, 'Episcopal seals' p. 118 nos. 35-6.
29 For his chs., see Llandaff Acta nos. 67-82. For his seal, see Williams, 'Episcopal seals' pp. 118- 19 nos. 37-8.
30 Gwent. For his family, see Llandaff Acta p. xvi and n. 26.
31 Perhaps this is the William son of Adam who occ. twice in 1230 (Cal. of Ancient Correspondence p. 53; J. J. Crump, 'Repercussions of the execution of William de Braose: a letter from Llywelyn ab Iorwerth to Stephen de Segrave', Historical Research lxxiii (2000) 197-212, at pp. 206-8.
32 Perhaps a kinsman of Hubert de Burgh, kg.'s justiciar and lord of Three Castles (Gwent). For his chs., see Llandaff Acta nos. 83-92. For his seal, see Williams, 'Episcopal seals' p. 119 nos. 39-40, and 'Welsh seals at Canterbury' p. 150 no. 5.
33 For his family, merchants of Bristol, see N. Denholm-Young, Seignorial Administration in England (2nd impression, 1963) pp. 75-6, 178, and Cart. St Mark's Bristol, ed. C. D. Ross (Bristol Rec. Soc. xxi, 1959) pp. xxxvi, 70-4. For his chs. as bp., see Llandaff Acta nos. 93-5.
34 For his career, see Biog. Ox. III 2208, and for his chs., see Llandaff Acta nos. 96-101. For his seal, see Williams, 'Episcopal seals' p. 119 no. 41.
35 Prob. a member of the Marcher family of Briouze. For his career, see Biog. Ox. III 2156, and for his chs., see Llandaff Acta nos. 102-6. For his seals, see Williams. 'Episcopal seals' p. 120 nos. 42- 3, and 'Welsh seals at Canterbury' p. 152 no. 6.
36 For his career, see Biog. Ox. III 1763.
37 For his career, see Biog. Ox. II 1295; cf. W. Greenway. 'The election of John of Monmouth, bishop of Llandaff, 1287-97', Morgannwg v (1961) 3-22. For his seal, see Williams, 'Episcopal seals' p. 120.


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