DIE Saturni, 31 Januarii.
PRAYERS, by Mr. Corbett.
Comes Manchester, Speaker.
L. Viscount Say & Seale.
Dr. Bennett and Broderick to be confined, on account of a Challenge passed between them.
The House being informed, "That there is a Challenge passed, between Allen Broadirick and Doctor
Bennett:" For preventing of Mischief, this House
Orders, that the said Persons shall be (fn. *) presently attached, and brought (fn. †) to this House; and that Allen Broadricke shall be confined to the Lady Villiers' House where
now he is, until Doctor Bennett be apprehended.
Letter from Sir T. Glemham, with One from the King.
The Speaker acquainted this House with a Letter he
received this Morning by a Trumpeter; which was read,
"By His Majesty's Command, I have here inclosed
sent your Lordship His Majesty's Letter, to be communicated to both Houses of Parliament, and the
Commissioners of the Parliament of Scotland. And so
Oxford, the 29th of January, 1645.
"Your Lordship's humble Servant,
For the Right Honourable the Speaker of the
House of Peers pro Tempore."
The King's Message follows:
King's Letter, disclaiming any Knowledge of the E. of Glamorgan's Treaty with the Rebels, in Ireland; and about a Personal Treaty with the Houses at Westm.
"For the Speaker of the House of Peers pro
"His Majesty having received Information from the
Lord Lieutenant and Council in Ireland, That the
Earl of Glamorgan hath, without his or their Directions or Privity, entered into a Treaty with some Commissioners on the Roman Catholic Party there, and
also drawn up, and agreed unto, certain Articles with
the said Commissioners, highly derogatory to His
Majesty's Honour and Royal Dignity, and most prejudicial unto the Protestant Religion and Church there
in Ireland; whereupon the said Earl of Glamorgan is
arrested, upon Suspicion of High Treason, and imprisoned, by the Lord Lieutenant and Council, at
the Instance, and by the Impeachment, of the Lord
Digby, who (by reason of his Place and former Employment in those Affairs) doth best know how contrary that Proceeding of the said Earl hath been to
His Majesty's Intentions and Directions, and what
great Prejudice it might bring to His Affairs, if these
Proceedings of the Earl of Glamorgan's should be any
ways understood to have been done by the Directions,
Liking, or Approbation, of His Majesty.
"His Majesty, having in His former Messages for a
Personal Treaty offered to give Contentment to His Two
Houses in the Business of Ireland, hath now thought
fitting, the better to shew His clear Intentions, and
to give Satisfaction to His said Houses of Parliament
and the rest of His Subjects in all His Kingdoms, to
send this Declaration to the said Houses, containing
the whole Truth of the Business; which is,
"That the Earl of Glamorgan, having made Offer
unto Him to raise Forces in the Kingdom of Ireland,
and to conduct them into England for His Majesty's
Service, had a Commission to that Purpose, and to
that Purpose only.
"That he had no Commission at all to treat of any
Thing else, without the Privity and Directions of the
Lord Lieutenant; much less to capitulate any Thing
concerning Religion, or any Propriety belonging either to Church or Laity.
"That it clearly appears, by the Lord Lieutenant's
Proceedings with the said Earl, that he had no Notice
at all of what the said Earl had treated, and pretended to have capitulated, with the Irish, until by
Accident it came to his Knowledge.
"And His Majesty doth protest, That, until such
Time as He had Advertisement that the Person of the
said Earl of Glamorgan was arrested, or restrained, as
is abovesaid, He never heard, nor had any Kind of
Notice, that the said Earl had entered into any Kind
of Treaty or Capitulation with those Irish Commissioners; much less that he had concluded or signed
those Articles, so destructive both to Church and
State, and so repugnant to His Majesty's Professions
and known Resolutions.
"And for the further Vindication of His Majesty's
Honour and Integrity herein, He doth declare, That
He is so far from considering any Thing contained in
those Papers or Writings framed by the said Earl,
and those Commissioners with whom he treated, as
He doth absolutely disavow him therein; and hath
given Commandment to the Lord Lieutenant and the
Council there, to proceed against the said Earl, as
One, who, either out of Falseness, Presumption, or
Folly, hath so hazarded the blemishing of His Majesty's Reputation with His good Subjects, and so
impertinently framed those Articles of his own Head,
without the Consent, Privity, or Directions of His
Majesty, or the Lord Lieutenant, or any of His Majesty's Council there: But true it is, that, for the
necessary Preservation of His Majesty's Protestant
Subjects in Ireland (whose Case was daily represented unto Him to be so desperate), His Majesty
had given Commission to the Lord Lieutenant, to treat
and conclude such a Peace there, as might be for the
Safety of that Crown, the Preservation of the Protestant Religion, and no Way derogatory to His own
Honour and public Professions.
"But to the End that His Majesty's real Intentions
in this Business of Ireland may be the more clearly
understood, and to give more ample Satisfaction to
both Houses of Parliament, and the Commissioners
of the Parliament of Scotland, especially concerning
His Majesty's not being engaged in any Peace or
Agreement there; He doth desire, if the Two Houses
shall resolve to admit of His Majesty's Repair to London for a Personal Treaty, as was formerly proposed,
that speedy Notice be given thereof to His Majesty;
and a Pass, or safe Conduct, with a Blank, sent for a
Messenger, to be immediately dispatched into Ireland,
to prevent any Accident that may happen to hinder
His Majesty's Resolution of leaving the managing of
the Business of Ireland wholly to the Houses, and to
make no Peace there but with their Consent; which,
in case it shall please God to bless His Endeavours in
the Treaty with Success, His Majesty doth hereby
engage Himself to do.
And for a further Explanation of His Majesty's
Intentions in His former Messages, He doth now declare, That if His Personal Repair to London as
aforesaid shall be admitted, and a Peace thereon shall
ensue, He will then leave the Nomination of the
Persons to be intrusted with the Militia wholly to
His Two Houses, with such Powers and Limitations
as are expressed in the Paper delivered by His Majesty's Commissioners at Uxbridge, the 6th of February,
1644, for the Term of Seven Years, as hath been
desired, to begin immediately after the Conclusion of
the Peace, the disbanding of all Forces on both
Sides, and the dismantling of the Garrisons erected
since these present Troubles; so as, at the Expiration
of the Time before-mentioned, the Power of the
said Militia shall entirely revert and remain as before.
"And for their better Security, His Majesty (the
Peace succeeding) will be content, That pro bâc vice
the Two Houses shall nominate the Admiral, Officers
of State, and Judges, to hold their Places during Life,
or quam diu se bene gesserint, which shall be best
liked; to be accountable to none but to the King
and the Two Houses of Parliament.
"As for the Matter of Religion, His Majesty doth
further declare, That, by the Liberty offered in His
Message of the 15th present, for the Ease of their
Consciences who will not communicate in the Service
already established by Act of Parliament in this
Realm, He intends that all other Protestants (behaving themselves peaceably in and towards the Civil
Government) shall have the free Exercise of their
Religion according to their own Way.
"And, for the total removing of all Fears and Jealousies, His Majesty is willing to agree, that, upon
the Conclusion of Peace, there shall be a general Act
of Oblivion, and of free Pardon, passed by Act of
Parliaments, in both His Kingdoms respectively.
"And lest it should be imagined that, in the making
these Propositions, His Majesty's Kingdom of Scotland, and His Subjects there, have been forgotten or
neglected; His Majesty declares, That what is here
mentioned touching the Militia, and the naming of
Officers of State and Judges, shall likewise extend to
His Kingdom of Scotland.
"And now, His Majesty having so fully and clearly
expressed His Intentions and Desires of making a
happy and well-grounded Peace; if any Person shall
decline that Happiness, by opposing of so apparent a
Way of attaining it, he will sufficiently demonstrate
to all the World, his Intention and Design can be no
other than the total Subversion and Change of the
antient and happy Government of this Kingdom, under which the English Nation hath so long flourished.
"Given at the Court at Oxon, the 29th of January, 1645.
"For the Speaker of the House of Peers pro
Tempore; to be communicated to the Two
Houses of Parliament at Westm. and the
Commissioners of the Parliament of Scotland."
Memorandum, That in the original Paper of the
King's Message read this Day, in the 2d
Page, in the 26 Line, after the Word
["leave"], and before the Word ["the"],
there is a Blot; in the 27th Line in the same
Page, in the Interlining, after the Word
["with"], and before the Word ["the"],
there is a Blot.
In the 3d Page, in the 8th Line, after the Word
["Way"], there is a Blot, continuing till the
Middle of the 9th Line, and ending there.
Ordered, That the King's Message, read this Day,
shall be taken into Consideration on Monday Morning
next; and that, in the mean (fn. *) Time, it (fn. *) be communicated to the House of Commons; and that the Members of this House that are of the Committee of both
Kingdoms do communicate the same to the Scotts Commissioners.
Message to the H. C. with it.
A Message was sent to the House of Commons, by
Doctor Aylett and Doctor Heath:
To communicate to them the King's Message received
this Day, with a Paper mentioning the Blots which the
Lords have taken Notice of in the said Letter; and to
let them know, that this House hath ordered their Members that are of the Committee of both Kingdoms to
communicate the same to the Scotts Commissioners.
Lords to attend on Monday.
Ordered, That all the Lords have Notice to attend
the House on Monday Morning.
Message from the H. C. with an Ordinance.
A Message was brought from the House of Commons, by Sir Walter Erle, &c.
To desire their Lordships Concurrence in an Ordinance concerning Salt-petre.
The Answer returned was:
That this House will send Answer by Messengers of
Message from thence, with Ordinances, &c.
A Message was brought from the House of Commons, by Sir Thomas Widdrington, &c.
To desire Concurrence in divers Particulars:
1. An Order concerning Writs of Errors.
2. An Ordinance for Lieutenant General Cromwell to
have the Lands of the Earl of Worcester in Hampshire.
3. An Order concerning the Sheriff of Oxon.
4. An Order for Five Hundred Pounds for Surrey Foot.
5. An Ordinance for the Lord Robertes and Sir
Henry Vane Senior, to go, from both Houses, to The
States of The United Provinces.
The Answer returned was:
That this House will take these Particulars into Consideration, and send an Answer by Messengers of their
Ordinance for Sir H. Vane to go to The States General.
The Ordinance for sending the Lord Robertes and
Sir Henry Vane Senior, to go, from both Houses, to
The States of The United Provinces, was read Twice;
and the Lord Robertes desired, "That the House
would excuse his Lordship from this Service."
Hereupon this House Ordered, That he shall be
excused; and that his Name, and what concerns his
Lordship in the said Ordinance, be put out.
And accordingly it was put out presently.
And the House Ordered, That the rest of the said
Ordinance be committed to the Committee of the whole
Report of the Conference concerning the Scots Army;
The Lord Robertes reported the Effect of the late
Conference with the House of Commons; videlicet,
"That the House of Commons having received some
Complaints out of the North, concerning the Army,
which they thought fit to acquaint their Lordships
1. A Letter was read, written to the Speaker of
the House of Commons, dated 28 Nov. 1645, from
Penreth." (Here enter it.)
"2. Another Letter was read, written to Major
Chomeley, from the Governor of Carlile."
(Here enter it.)
"3. Another Letter was read, written from the
Committee at Yorke." (Here enter it.)
"4. Another Letter from the Committee, to the
Speaker of the House of Commons, was read."
(Here enter it.)
"5. Some Votes of the House of Commons were
made upon these Letters:
"Resolved, &c. That, in the Scotts Army in this
Kingdom, there shall not be above Two Thousand Horse and One Thousand Dragoons,
according to the Treaty.
"Resolved, &c. That it be referred to the Members of both Houses that are of the Committee
of both Kingdoms, to communicate this Vote
to the Scotts Commissioners, and to take Care
that the same may be observed accordingly.
6. Upon this, the Scottch Commissioners Paper
was read." (Here enter it.)
"That Sir Jo. Evelyn, upon this, did observe, That
the Foot in the Scotch Army was much abated,
and not the full Number according to the Treaty;
whereupon the House of Commons have made some
Votes; which were read.
"8. Another Paper was read." (Here enter it.)
"9. Another Paper was read, wherein they desire
their Lordships Concurrence; videlicet,
"Ordered, by the Lords and Commons assembled
in Parliament, That it be referred to the Members of
both Houses that are of the Committee of both
Kingdoms, to confer with the Scotts Commissioners,
concerning that Part of their Paper of the 6th of
this Instant January which concerns their supernumerary Horse; and to offer unto them the Reasons,
approved by the House of Commons, why their
Horse should be reduced to the Number of the Treaty, and such other Reasons as they shall think fit, for
Maintenance of the Vote of the House of Commons
of the 5th of this Instant January, That in the
Scottch Army in this Kingdom, there shall not be
above Two Thousand Horse, and One Thousand
Dragoons, according to the Treaty.
and concerning the Ordinance for Martial Law.
"The Second Part of the Conference was, concerning the Ordinance for Martial (fn. *) Law; wherein
they have made some Alterations, and desire their
Lordships Concurrence therein."
The House, after this, was adjourned into a Committee of the whole House during (fn. *) Pleasure, to take
into Consideration the Report concerning the Scotch
The House was resumed.
And it is Ordered, That this House take this Business into Consideration on Monday Morning next, the
First Business, at Nine a Clock.
Order about Writs of Error.
The Ordinance concerning Writs of Errors, brought
up this Day from the House of Commons, was read;
and Ordered, To be laid aside, and that an Order only
of this House is to be issued out for that Purpose.
Ordinance to pay 32,000 l. to the City.
The Earl of Northumb. reported the Ordinance for
the Thirty-two Thousand Pounds: "That the Committee thinks it fit to pass, with some Alterations;"
which were read, and Agreed to, and Ordered to be
sent to the House of Commons, for their Concurrence.
Letter from the Committee in Cumberland, complaining of the Oppressions of the Scots Forces, and their Garrison in Carlisle.
"For the Honourable William Lenthall Esquire,
Speaker of the Honourable House of Commons in Parliament, London. These:
"Being well assured that the High Court of Parliament, in any Exigent of Distress, is as well a sure
Sanctuary to the remotest as other Parts of this Kingdom; our humble Desire is, you will be pleased immediately to represent to the Honourable House of
Commons the present Condition of this poor exhausted County of Cumberland, in these Particulars;
"That notwithstanding the extreme and excessive
Charge of the late Leaguer at Carlile, far beyond the
Proportion of this County; the Free Quarter ever
since taken by One Regiment of Scottish Horse; large
Quantities of Provisions, according to the Commander's own Appointment, drawn from all the Parts of
the County, and in August and September last carried
into Carlile for the Accommodation of the Scottish
Forces; notwithstanding the many great Losses and
Detriments sustained by occasion of the late Incursion of the Enemy, and the constant and uncessant
Charge of some other Garrisons necessarily maintained in this County by our Men, besides divers
others in the Hands of the Scottish Commanders:
The Governor of Carlile hath newly taken up
Three Troops, which take Free Quarter, and exact
from some Parishes Weekly Provisions and Monies,
promising them Immunity from all Cesses, and prohibiting them to pay any Cesses: The Officers of
the Garrison of Carlile do now likewise force from
neighbouring Parishes their Weekly Maintenance:
By all which, we sensibly discern and find the County,
especially the next adjacent Parts to Carlile, not only
disabled to perform the Service of the new Model;
but we are confident these Parts will also ere long
(without some Refreshment) become in other respects
useless and unserviceable to the Public.
"Now, for that Want of Pay, and necessary Means
of Subsistence, is the usual Pretext of the Governor
and other Scottish Commanders for their above-mentioned Exactions and Seizures; for the Removal of all
Ground of Distaste and Difference which intolerable
Oppressions may occasionally enforce betwixt them
and us, for the Advancement of the common Cause
which we much desire, and that this poor County
may be preserved from Ruin, and enabled to contribute its weak Proportion of Service and Assistance to
the Public; we humbly desire, that the Garrison at
Carlile may be elsewhere maintained and provided for,
and this wasting County speedily disburthened thereof; which to those Worthies, who, we doubt not,
with a sympathizing Sense look on the Grievances of
each Part of the Body Politic, is most humbly recommended, by
"Your Honours in all due Observance
and Service assured,
Penreth, Nov. 28th, 1645.
"Henry Tolson. Jo. Barwis.
Letter from Ketherd to Major Cholmley, about cessing the Parish of Brancoun.
"For his Right-assured Friend, Major Chomley.
"Whereas it is signified to us, by my Lieutenant at
Award, That ye are about to exact Cess-money out
of the Parish of Brancoun, where One Company of
mine lies; I believe truly that these poor Men are
not well able both to answer you in Cesses, and give
Free Quarter to my Company which of Necessity
they must have; being (for any Thing I know) all
the Pay may be expected: Wherefore I could wish ye
would forbear to exact Cess-money in any Kind where
my Companies either of Horse or Foot are billeted;
but as for the new Model, I am heartily well content
ye levy such Men and Horse as are to be had in that
Parish, and I shall be ready to give my best Assistance
for that Purpose: But if any Cess-money be exacted,
ye may well expect it shall be by the strong Hand.
Yet I could wish, that by this, the Correspondence that
has been hitherto entertained betwixt you and me be
not now disobliged. So, expecting your Courtesy
herein, I remain
Carlile, the 21th of November, 1645.
"Your assured Friend,
Letter from the Committee at York, that a Number of Persons, pretending to be Scots Officers; were seized at Tickhill, for abusing the Inhabitants; which is resented by Gens Lesly; and that there are more Scots Horse on their March South wards.
"Besides many former Pressures upon this poor
Country by the Quartering of the Scottish Forces
there, we hold it our Duty to acquaint you with
One particular Accident, the Consequence whereof
we cannot but apprehend with more than ordinary
Perplexity, if not timously prevented by the Care and
Wisdom of the Parliament. There were the last
Week certain Officers, to the Number of about Seven and Thirty, pretending themselves to be under
the Command of Lieutenant General Lesley, who,
being quartered at Tickhill, offered several Abuses to
the Inhabitants there; besides their Exactions of
great Sums of Money, far beyond the Abilities of
the poor Men, having formerly extremely suffered
many other Ways. The poorer Sort of the Inhabitants, in the Sense of these Burthens, without any
Order, rose together in the Night, seized upon the
Persons of those Officers, their Horses and Arms,
perceiving them to be some English, some Irish, some
French, and, not daring to carry them through the
Scottish Army to Lieutenant General Lesley, brought
them to Pontefract, secured them there, and then acquainted us with the whole Action: And for that we
were jealous of their Information, that the Persons
apprehended were not at the Scottish Army, but rathere some that, by Colour of that Pretence, abused
the Country to serve their own Ends, (fn. *) we thought it
Prudence to secure the Men for a Time, and immediately address our Letters to the Lieutenant General
of the Scottish Army, and gave Order for the Examination of the Men in the mean Time. Since that,
we find, by Letters from the Lieutenant General to
the Governor of Pontefract Castle, and some other
Letters, the Business hath been resented, under other
Notions than was intended. The Inhabitants of the
Town of Tickhill are in extreme Fears, being threatened with Extremity of Revenge. The Copies of the
Informations we received as the Grounds of what we
did, and of our Letters thereupon, and of those who
have come to our Hands since by occasion thereof,
we humbly present to your View and Judgement in
the inclosed. What other sad Complaints we have
also lately had of the Carriage of some other Forces
of that Army in some other Parts of the Country,
which we humbly offer in the Copy of a Letter
came lately to us by an understanding Gentleman
in the Country. We are bold to acquaint you
also, that there are Two Regiments more of the
Scottish Horse come out of the North into this County, one to Alerton, the other into Cleveland, where
they levy Monies in the Country at their Pleasure.
Sir, we have so much to do already to raise Monies
for our own Men by reason thereof (besides the Burthen of our own reduced Officers), that they are in
continual Mutinies, and ourselves and the Country
in continual Danger; nor shall we possibly be able to
provide any Pay for our Horse (most whereof are
now marched towards Newarke), nor to provide any
for the rest we are preparing to send thither. It is
therefore our humble and earnest Suit, that some
speedy Course may be taken, for the taking these
intolerable Burtinens from the Country, without
which we shall not be able to raise any Monies for
our own Soldier, and the People of the Country
will be reduced to those miserable Streights, that we
much fear they will hardly be restrained from some
violent Resistance, for the easing of themselves. It
would be our great Grief, any Thing should fall out
that in the Misery of this Country should render the
Kingdom more miserable than it is; and it shall be
our utmost Care to prevent it. In the mean Time,
according to our Duty, we humbly present the
naked Condition of the Country before you, to be
made known to the House; and remain
Yorke, the 21th of January, 1645.
Your affectionate Friends
"and humble Servants,
Thomas St. Nich'las.
Letter from the Committee with the Army before Newark, that they have mustered the Scots Army; and concerning the Pressures on the County of Nottingham for their Support.
(fn. *) "For the Honourable William Lenthall Esquire,
Speaker of the House of Commons.
"We have made several Addresses to the House,
but as yet have not received any Answer. The extreme great Consequence of the Service against
Newarke requires your most extraordinary Care; and
the Necessity such, as it must be speedy lest it be too
late. On Saturday last, the Muster of the Horse,
Foot, and Train cf Artillery of the Scottish Army
were taken all at One Time, by such as we appointed
(we ourselves being present); though the Horse were
above Four Thousand, the Foot near Three Thousand, the Train shall. The Particulars shall be
transmitted to you with all Speed. Amongst the
Horse, was a Regiment of the Lord Balcarres' newly
come up, and Two Troops late of the Regiment of Colonel Devereux. We hear of Three Regiments of Horse
more on this Side Yorke, the Lord Kircutbright's, the
Lord Dalhouse's, and Colonel Frizill's. These Parts
are not able to maintain the Number of Horse here
already. This Day Lieutenant General Lesley met
us at Nottingham; and we are to expect the Committee from Scotland to join with us, to order that
Army. He demands of us Provisions for his Forces.
We have given him an Account of what is done,
which these Warrants inclosed will demonstrate; and
have tendered to pay Weekly in Money Eight Hundred Thirty-three Founds, Six Shillings, and Eight
Pence, to whom he will appoint, being the Third
Part of Two Thousand Five Hundred Pounds, the
other Two Parts in Provisions; which he faith cannot make his Forces subsist: But we cannot possibly
provide more. If you please to alter the Assessments we have made on the Counties, we beseech
you, it may be speedily done. If you approve of
them, we desire the House to appoint some Persons
immediately from themselves, to see those Provisions
"The County of Mittingham can little longer call
upon you, that they may subsist in their own Houses.
Their next Cries must be at your Doors, and the Ruin
of that County ends not (fn. *) there; but their Sufferings
and the Horse lying upon Darbysheir (if not prevented) renders the public Service to the whole Kingdom against Newarke infeazible. Whatsoever any
Men may otherwise conceive, we on the Place know
that Provisions in those Counties will be speedily
spent; and that, if those Counties be exhausted,
they cannot be brought from other Parts to be effectual. It is our Duty to be thus plain with you; and
we doubt not but you, knowing thus much, will provide all possible Remedies; and not for the present
to be compassionately taken, and after to let other
Business retard this, which cannot stay. We pressed
the Lieutenant General that Two Thousand Five
Hundred Pounds Weekly, two Parts in Provisions,
the Third in Money (which we offered to pay),
might be accepted till Wednesday the 23th of this
Instant, by which Time your Directions might be
received, which, we assured him, our Letters should
most earnestly beseech of you, He would have
consented to that Time, if we would have given
our Warrants for a Regiment of Horse and some
Troops of his to go into Darbysheir; which we had
no Authority to do, and which would stop the Provisions assessed by us on that County for the Scottish
Army. When we came from London, we were
assured the Forces from the Eastern Association should
be here before us. A Month is past; not One Man
come, nor on their March that we can hear of; and
the Mortar-piece ordered by the Committee of both
Kingdoms to come from Reading would, by God's
Blessing, have made the strong Castle of Belvoir
yours before this, and thereby a Thousand Horse and
Foot now there might be employed against Newarke.
"If the Counties be not able to maintain the Scotts
Army long where it is, and if you find it difficult to
get Provision for their Stay there from other Places;
we know no other Way than, though with extraordinary Charge, to finish this Service speedily. Money
cannot be more thriftily expended, nor Forces better employed, to ease those Counties in their Persons
and Purses. You being told, when this Letter is
read, that Men and the Mortar-piece are coming,
will not do your Business. We beseech you that
some from you may see the Men on their March, and
the Mortar-piece on the Way. And certainly, Sir,
the Time spent in seeing the Premises performed for
the South Side Trent, and the relieving the North
Side, will make Newarke yours, and get the Prayers
of many Thousands for you, who languisa under the
Burthen of Miseries.
"Your humble Servants,
Grantham, the 19th of January, 1645.
Paper from the Scots Commissioners, about the Maintenance of their Forces before Newark; and a Resolution of the H. C. for abridging their Number.
(fn. †) "When wee were expecting that a speedy and solid
Course should have bin layd downe for Maintenance
of our Forces, which were with soe much Importunity invited by the Houses of Parliament to
come before Newarke; wee heare nothing sattisfactory concerning their Maintenance, but are surprized by the unexpected Resolve of the House
of Commons for abridging their Number; which
wee conceaved they would rather have desired to
bee increased, for the more effectuall pursueinge
of the Worke they were first and last called unto; the Ingagments and Undertakeings of the
Kingdome of Scotland for this Kingdome, when
the Parliament was in such a Condition as wee
thinke noe Prosperity will ever make them forgett; the Tyme and Season of the Entry of the
Forces of that Kingdome into England, and their
Actions and Sufferings fithence; which wee desire
may rather bee remembred by the Honnorable
Houses then commemorated by us; and their constant
Desires and Endeavors till this Day, amidest their owne
Troubles, to doe the best Service they can to this
Kingdome, according to the Solemne League and Covenant of both Kingdomes: All these doe forbidd us
to apprehend any Jealousy to bee the Cause of this
Resolution of the House of Commons. Wee cannott
conceive, when the Number of our Foote which entered this Kingdome is soe much diminished, partly by
their Sufferings, and partly by the necessary retourning of some of them into Scotland for opposeing
those who have noe other Controversy against us, but
our Assistance given to this Kingdome and cannott bee
opposed and pursued by Horse, but by Foote, that it
can either stand with Reason and Equity, in such a Constitution of Affaires, or with the true Meaning of the
Treaty, that there should not bee above 2000 Horse
and Dragoones in the Scottish Army in this Kingdome; the specifying of which Number was, the
Words themselves doe import, that the Number should
not bee under it, the Kingdome at that Tyme being
unwilling to engage themselves for a greater Number
then 3000 Horse and Dragoones; not that the Number should not bee above it, which wee beleeve then
would have beene very acceptable; and, if the present Necessityes of that Kingdome could have beene
forknowne, would not have beene refused for the
future: Like as, when the Scottish Army did enter this
Kingdome, their Number was aboute 3000 Horse and
500 Dragoones, and soe continued, without any Exception to the contrary, till Monday last; and when afterward the Earle of Callender was invited by both
Houses to come upp for their Assistance, his Forces
made a further Addition of Horses: And as, when the
Scottish Army did enter into this Kingdome, there was
a Necessity of a greate Strength of Foote for opposeing
the Enemy, who then had had a very considerable
Infantry; soe afterward, when, by the Blessing of God
upon the Forces of both Kingdomes, the Enemye's
Strength was much diminished, and they begun to
increase the Number of their Cavalry, and turne
themselves into a flying Army, it was necessary that the
Scottish Army, for their owne Safety and Security,
should increase the Number of their Horse; otherwise
it had bin altogether impossible for them either to pursue the Enemy goeinge away, or to preserve themselves
from being starved through Want of Victualls upon
his Approach: And when the Troubles of Scotland
were increased through the Invasion of the Irish, while
wee were assistinge this Kingdome, some Regiments of
our Foote was called Home for suppressing thereof;
but all the Horse did continue in this Kingdome, with
the Approbation of the Parliament, for opposing the
Forces of the Enemy, which did consist most in Horse;
and did good Service against them, in hindring their
Recruits, and preventing their goeing Northward upon
severall Occasions; and wee cannott understand why
it should bee subject to Exception now, or that the
Dimination thereof should bee pressed, they haveing
lately expressed soe greate Forwardnes to ingage against
the Enemy: And since the lessning of their Number
could not but render them contemptible in the Eyes
of the Enemy, and expose them to dayly Affronts
and Injuryes, wee doe therefore earnestly desire that
a speedy Course may bee taken for their Maintenance, and that (without Prejudice to the Treaty)
there may bee paid, according to their Mustars (which
shall never bee denyed), to each Trooper 18d. and to
each Foote Souldier 6d. whereof Two Parts in Provisions, and Third Part in Money, and Halfe Pay to
the Officers, which is the least can bee demaunded for
their present Subsistence: And if the House of Commons shal bee pleased to insist upon that Resolve delivered to us Yesternight, wee shall communicate the
same to the Parliament of Scotland, who noe Doubt
will retourne such Answere as shal bee agreeable to
the Treaty, and the Interest and Good of both Kingdomes. And in the meane Tyme wee doe expect
that Care shal bee taken for their present Maintenance.
6 Januarii, 1646/3.
By Commaund of the Commissioners
for the Parliament of Scotland.
Agreements for the Scots to come into England.
"By the Treaty of the 29th of November, 1643,
concerning the bringing in of the Scottish Army; it
was agreed, that an Army should be there levied forthwith, consisting of Eighteen Thousand Foot effective,
and Two Thousand Horse, and One Thousand Dragoons effective, with a suitable Train of Artillery, to
march into England, &c.
"By an Order of this House, bearing Date the 22th
of June, 1644, it was recommended (fn. *) by the Committee of both Kingdoms to the Kingdom of Scotland,
the Desires of both Houses, that the Forces already
raised, and in raising, by the Kingdom of Scotland,
being, as is reported, about Ten Thousand, be invited
forthwith to come in, for our Assistance.
"After this, the 27 Decembris was ordered.
"And that the 31 Decembris was further ordered.
"After which, were several Ordinances made, for
the Provision of the Scottish Army in general, by
Assessments upon the several Counties, and Imposition
on the Coal of Newcastle; and never any Distinction
made of the First and Second Army; and Seven
Thousand Pounds upon the Coal of Newcastle, and
Three Thousand Pounds upon the Excise of the
Northern Counties, except the Excise of Salt and
Flesh in those Counties, and of Hull."
"The Resolve of the House of Commons was not for
the abridging of the Number of the Scottish Forces,
but for reducing the Number of Horse to the Treaty:
And as they shall never forget the Engagements and
Undertakings of that Kingdom for this, so they are
confident that Nation will remember the First and
great Testimony of Brotherly Affection which was
given them by the Parliament of England.
"That the Kingdom of Scotland could not send any
Forces into this Kingdom without their Consent; and
therefore what Number soever was agreed upon by
both Kingdoms was binding, and ought not to be
"We do not know what the Number of Horse were
which first came into this Kingdom; nor that, when
the Earl of Kallend'r's Horse came into this Kingdom,
the whole Force of the Scottish Horse then in England
did exceed the Number of the First Treaty; considering that in that Time, many of the First Horse were
"As no Force ought to have been brought into this
Kingdom without our Consent, so no Alteration ought
to have been made in the Condition of those Forces
without our Approbation.
"That, as it might seem reasonable to them to encrease their Horse when the Service required it; so,
upon the same Reason, that Service being now most
for Foot, they ought to be reduced to the Number of
"That, for the Security and Preservation of their
Army, we did several Times send great Parties of
English Horse to that Army, although the Body of
the Scottish Horse did march out of England into
Scotland without our Privity or Consent."
House adjourned till 9a, Monday.