DIE Jovis, 15 die Octobris.
Comes Manchester, Speaker.
Preacher at the Fast.
Ordered, That Mr. Arrowsmith is excused from
preaching the next Fast before the Lords; and Mr.
Bridge is appointed to preach in his Place.
Next, the Report from the Committee of both Kingdoms, concerning Ireland, was read:
Letter from the E. of Ormond and the Council of Ireland to the King, and another to the L. Mayor of London.
"Die Mercurii, 14 Die Octobris, 1646.
At a Committee of Lords and Commons, at
"Ordered, That it be reported to both Houses,
That Sir Gherrard Lowther, Sir Francis Willoughby,
and Sir Paul Davis, employed from the Earl of Ormond and others at Dublin, informed this Committee
of a Letter sent by the Earl of Ormond and the rest,
by the Lord Moore, to the King; and, left that should
miscarry, they had a Duplicate (a Copy whereof
they delivered to this Committee), which they were
directed to deliver to the Scotts Commissioners to be
"Ordered, That a Copy of the said Letter be reported to both Houses; and to desire to know their
Pleasure concerning the Delivery thereof.
"Ordered, That a Copy of a Letter sent from
the Earl of Ormond and others at Dublyn, by Sir
Gherard Lowther, Sir Francis Willoughby, and Sir
Paul Davis, to the Lord Mayor of London, be reported to both Houses; and to desire to know their
Pleasure concerning the Delivery thereof.
"Gualter Frost, Secretary."
Next, was read a Copy of a Letter of the Earl of
Ormond to the King. (Here enter it.)
Next, was read the Propositions of the Earl of Ormond and the Council of Ireland. (Here enter it.)
Propositions from the E. of Ormond & al.
Die Mercurii, 14 Die Octobris, 1646.
At the Committee of Lords and Commons at
"That the Propositions and Instructions from the
Earl of Ormond and others at Dublyn be reported to
both Houses; and that when the Houses shall have
resolved which of the Ways they will take, that they
will be pleased, in respect of Secrecy and Expedition,
to refer it to such a Committee as they shall think fit,
that may have Power to give Instructions to such
as they shall employ for the Pursuance and Transactions of that Affair, as they shall judge best for the
"Gualter Frost, Secretary."
Letter from the Scots Commissioners, concerning some of their Papers seized by the H. C.
The Speaker acquainted this House with a Letter
from the Scotts Commissioners, which was read; and
some Papers of their Speeches seized by Order of the
House of Commons in the Press.
And it is Ordered, That Answer should be returned them, "That nothing is depending in this House
concerning this Business, so as this House can take any
Notice of it."
Message from the H. C. with the Propositions, &c. from the E. of Ormond;
A Message was brought from the House of Commons,
by Mr. Pierrepont, &c. who was commanded to deliver
to their Lordships the Instructions and Propositions from
the Earl of Ormond, &c.
2. That, upon Consideration of this Business, they
have made some Votes, wherein they desire their Lordships Concurrence:
and with Votes upon them.
"1. The Lords and Commons assembled in Parliament do Declare, That they resolve to proceed upon the Second Way of Overture made
by the Earl of Ormond; and will appoint
some Way of treating with him for his Retirement, and will employ such as they shall think
fit in the Trust of that Kingdom."
Agreed to this Vote.
"2. That the Lords and Commons assembled in
Parliament do Declare, That they will not
admit of the sending of this Letter from the
Earl of Ormond and others of the Council of
Dublyn to the King.
"3. The Lords and Commons assembled in Parliament do Declare, That they will not admit of the Delivery of this Letter from the
Earl of Ormond and others of the Council
at Dublyn to the Lord Mayor of the City of
"4. Ordered, by the Lords and Commons in
Parliament assembled, That the whole Affair
concerning Ireland, in respect of the Secrecy
and Expedition thereunto necessary, be referred back to the former Committee; and
the Committee hath Power to give Instructions
to such as they shall employ for the Pursuance
and Transaction of that Affair, and to order
the Forces that shall go thither, and to dispose
of the Ammunition and other Provisions for
the Service of Ireland, as they shall judge best
for the Public Service; and are to meet this
Afternoon, and so from Time to Time as they
shall see Cause."
Agreed to with the House of Commons.
Propositions, &c. from the E. of Ormond and others.
The Instructions were read. (Here enter them.)
Next, the additional Instructions to Sir Gherrard Lowther, were read. (Here enter them.)
Next, the verbal Instruction, put in Writing, was
read. (Here enter it.)
Next, the Proposition made by Sir Gherrard Lowther,
was read. (Here enter.)
Letter from them, to the L. Mayor.
Next, the Copy of the Letter written by the Earl of
Ormond and Council of Ireland to the Lord Mayor and
City of London, was read. (Here enter it.)
The Answer returned was:
Answer to the H. C.
That this House agrees to the First and the last Vote:
As to the other Two Votes concerning the Two Letters,
their Lordships will send them an Answer by Messengers
of their own.
Message from the H.C. with Ordinances.
A Message was brought from the House of Commons,
by Mr. Henry Pelham, &c.
To desire Concurrence in divers Ordinances.
The Answer returned was:
That this House will take the Particulars of this
Message into Consideration, and will send an Answer
by Messengers of their own.
Alderman Fowkes and the E. I. Co.
Ordered, That the Cause between Alderman Foukes
and India Company is put off till Monday Morning
Instructions from the E. of Ormond and Council at Dublin, to Sir Gerrard Lowther & al. Commissioners from them, to the Two Houses here.
"Instructions agreed on by the Lord Lieutenant
and Council of Ireland, to be observed by
our Right Trusty and Well-beloved Sir Gerrard Lowther Knight Lord Chief Justice of
the Common Pleas, Sir Francis Willoughby
Knight Serjeant Major General of the Army,
and our Trusty and Well-beloved Sir Paule
Davis Knight Clerk of the Council.
"1. You are to declare, That we conceive that a
Distinction is to be made, in the Prosecution of the
War, between those who have been carried away in
the Torrent contrary to their own Disposition, and
the bloody Actors and Contrivers of the Rebellion;
and that the Forfeitures of such may be sufficient to
give Satisfaction to the Adventurers, though the more
innocent be received to Mercy.
"2. If the making of a Peace be objected, you are
to declare, That, if the Peace had not been made at
that Time, the Protestant Party in Dublin, and all
the Garrisons under the Lord Lieutenant's Command,
had been lost. And if here it be objected that the
Peace made is as no Peace, seeing it is rejected by
the Rebels, and yet the said Protestant Party and
Garrisons are not yet lost; you are in such Case to
answer, That, at the Time the Peace was made, the
Rebels were then unanimously united as One Man, so
as, if no Peace had been then made, they then, so
united, were ready prepared, and might have fallen
upon us in our weak and destitute Condition, and so
might easily have swallowed us up, and doubtless would
have done, if the Peace had not interposed; but the
Peace being made, prevented that Mischief, which, as
it did immediately dissolve the Frame and Model of
Government under Countenance whereof they guided
and governed all their Affairs, so it occasioned a Division amongst them, some standing for the Peace, and
some against it, whence they were put to new Councils,
wherein the Division amongst them (their Government being dissolved) so interrupted their Councils, as
they could not readily and speedily unite, and so take
a Resolution; which hath hitherto preserved us: But
yet their Recruiting is by this Time so far advanced
as there is (fn. *) no great Cause to doubt that they
will now immediately fall upon us, if by the Mercy
of God (in timely Succours sent us) it be not prevented.
"3. That, before the Peace was concluded, Application was made to the Parliament Commissioners in
Ulster, and the Business so far advanced towards a
Treaty, as that Propositions were prepared, and Agents
ready to be sent into Ulster; but that, upon the
Lord Marquis of Argile's sudden going into Scotland, and Sir Robert King's Departure into England,
the rest of the Commissioners who remained in the
Kingdom did signify by their Letters, a Copy whereof
is now delivered to you, that they could not proceed
in the Treaty for Want of a sufficient Number; so
as, that Treaty being disappointed, and the Scotts
under Major General Monroe's Command (from whom
we might have expected Help) being overthrown by
Owen O'Neale, and the Irish refusing to make any
further Cessation, the Lord Lieutenant was necessitated
to make a Peace. And here if it be objected, that
the Articles of Peace being dated the 28th of March,
and the Lord Lieutenant's Letters dated the Ninth of
April, seem to be contrary one to another; that seeming Contradiction you may clear, by declaring, that,
although the Articles of Peace are dated the 28th of
March, yet they were then deposited as an Escroll,
until certain other Conditions then agreed on were
performed by the Rebels, which were to be performed by them by the First of April; and as soon
as the Lord Lieutenant understood of their Failure
in performing that Condition, he then immediately
sent away that Letter of the Ninth of April.
"4. No Prejudice, but (fn. *) much Advantage, is to
come to the Crown of England by this Peace; for by
the Refusal of the Peace, the Unfaithfulness and
Treachery of those that refused the Peace is the
more manifestly discovered, His Majesty clearly disengaged, and what shall be resolved against them
may be prosecuted with much more Honour and
"5. If the Covenant be pressed to be taken, you are
to desire that Care may be had in the First Place of
preserving the Kingdom, and that we may not be
pressed to the Covenant until it be warranted by
Act of Parliament; and, Secondly, desire, that nothing be at this Time pressed which may give Occasion of Division amongst the Protestant Party, or
divert them from a joint and chearful Prosecution
of the War against the Rebels, which the pressing
of the Covenant at this Time will infallibly do.
"6. If the suppressing of the Book of Common
Prayer be pressed, you may offer the same Considerations concerning that as formerly concerning the
Covenant; yet with this Addition, That in case any
shall desire the Use of the Directory here, that the
Use thereof be permitted them.
"7. You are to be careful, by all possible Means, to
clear the Fame and Reputation of all His Majesty's
Servants here; and to endeavour to take away all
malicious Scandals raised there against them, or any
"8. Whereas, amongst the Propositions now sent
with you, there is One to this Purpose, "That there
being some here, who for some Time (some before
and some after the Cessation began, but never joining
with the Rebels here), went from hence to serve His
Majesty in England, and are now here, and may be
useful and active Instruments in this War against
the Irish Rebels;" we, by the said Proposition,
move, "That all such be preserved in their Persons,
Estates, and Employments:" As it is our Pleasure
that you labour earnestly to obtain the Desire of
that Proposition; so, on the other Side, in case you
cannot obtain it, it is our Pleasure that you labour to
obtain Time and Licence for them, either to repair
thither to compound for themselves, or otherwise to
be transported with their Goods from hence where
they shall think fit.
"9. That you move, That it be immediately signified
by the Parliament, to Chester, Bristoll, Leverpoole,
Milford, White-haven, and to all other Ports of
England and Dominion of Wales, and also to all the
Ports of Scotland, and likewise to The Low Countryes,
That full and absolute Freedom of Trade, Traffic,
and Commerce, is admitted, to and from Dublin,
Drogheda, Dundalke, and Carlingford.
"10. That like Signification be made to all the Shipping in the Service of the Parliament; with further
Direction to them, That Three or Four Ships of
War of good Force be forthwith sent hither, to
guard these Coasts, to countenance Trade and Traffic
hither, and from hence to encounter the Rebels Ships,
which they have in Readiness to infest these Coasts,
and interrupt all Trade here, and to block up this
Harbour, so to hinder all Intercourse between us and
England when the Rebels besiege this Place, which is
conceived will be very speedily; and that those Shipping have it in Charge, to obey such Directions as,
for answering any sudden and extraordinary Occasion,
either for speedy Intelligence into England or otherwise for the Public Service, they shall receive from
us the Lord Lieutenant.
"11. That, with all Speed, Magazines of Arms,
Ammunitions, and Victuals, and Oats for Horses, be
prepared, at Chester and Leverpoole, and other convenient Places furnished with Provisions, to be transported hither from Time to Time, to answer the
"12. You are to signify, That, if the Succours
mentioned in our Propositions come not hither speedily, this City, the most important Piece of the Kingdom, will be lost, and with it the Province of Lemster
immediately, and in Honour and Reputation the whole
Kingdom; and Thousands of Brittish and Irish Protestants in Lemster will be then utterly destroyed,
and the Residue in the other Three Provinces exceedingly endangered.
"13. You are also to make known there, That, if
the Kingdom be once lost, it will (besides the Dishonour thereof to the English Nation) cost much more
English Blood and Treasure to recover it, than now
to keep it; and the Recovery of it will be now a
more difficult and chargeable Work than at the First
Conquest of it, or in any Age from that Time to
this; their Condition now being much otherwise than
in those former Times, for they are now possessed
of most all the Cities, and Inland Towns, and
Sea Ports, and Places of Strength, in the Kingdom;
those Cities and Towns are much more peopled and
stronger built than in former Times; they have, by
long Conversation with the English, gained Civility,
and the Knowledge of Trade, Traffic, and Commerce
with Foreign Nations; they now drive a constant
Trade with France, Spaine, and Flanders, where they
hold continual Intelligence and Correspondence, and
whence they are continually supplied with Arms
and Ammunition, and all other needful Provisions;
they have plentiful Magazines of Arms, Munition,
Artillery, and other Provisions of War; their Men
are now armed, disciplined, and exercised, in the
Use of their Arms; they have amongst them divers
of the meer Irish and others, bred abroad for many
Years in the Condition of Soldiers, and now residing
here, who are ready and expert Commanders; that
Owen Roe O'Neale, by Direction of the Pope's Nuncio,
hath raised an Army, now in the Field, consisting, as
we are credibly informed, of Ten Thousand Foot and
One Thousand Five Hundred Horse, which Army
he commands as General, and they are daily increasing
in Number; that his Men are heartened and emboldened with their Victories and Successes, and particularly that against the Scotts; that, besides all
these, they now cover their Rebellion under the
Pretence of Religion, which mainly strengtheneth
their Party at Home, and gains them frequent Intelligence, Correspondence, Assistance, and Encouragement, from Abroad; that all those Cities and
Towns now joined with the Rebels, and all the
English Pale, and many others in all Parts of the
Kingdom of English Extraction, and some even of
the meer Irish, were in the former Rebellions here
joined with the Crown of England, which did much
facilitate the Service of the Crown here: By all
which, it is manifest that the Difficulties now to be
here contended with are much greater than in the
Times of former Rebellions here, which will now
exceedingly difficult and lengthen the Work, and necessitate beyond all former Times, as is herein formerly mentioned, the vast Expence of English Blood
"14. That you signify there, That, if we be shortened so in Means as we cannot be able to pay our
Men constantly, the Common Soldiers will for the
most part forsake us, and run to the Rebels, where,
by the Spoils of the People here, and for the Treasure of the King of Spaine and the Pope, they will
have large and constant Pay; and even for this
Reason it is necessary that the Means they send us
forth of England may enable us to pay and cloath
the Soldiers now in List here equally with those
Men which shall be sent us forth of England; for
if one Part of the Army here be better paid,
cloathed, or provided for, than another, it will occasion much Discontent, Division, and Mutiny, and
drive many from us to partake with the Rebels.
"15. That, if it be objected that something might
arise here out of the Weekly Contribution and Excise,
estimated at Two Hundred Fourscore and Ten Pounds
Weekly, towards easing the Charge of the Army;
you are to declare, That we desire to make Use
thereof towards the Relief of the Officers and Ministers of the Crown of the Civil List, and the
distressed and dispoiled Protestant Bishops and Clergy,
and other distressed and dispoiled Protestants here,
who must otherwise unavoidably perish.
"16. That Directions do issue to the Forces in
Munster, Ulster, and Connaght, to hold Intelligence and
Correspondence with us; and that we and they may
unanimously join in the Public Service.
"17. If it be denied you to send us the Forces we
move for in our Propositions without sending Officers
with them, and that it shall be offered you to send
those Forces hither with their own Officers; in such
case, you are not to decline that their Offer: But
then you are to move and to labour earnestly therein,
that, in that case, there be sent us so much more
Money, over and above the said Sums we move
for, as may be sufficient to pay the Officers here
equally with the others, so to prevent the Emulalations and Divisions in the Army which must otherwise follow.
"18. And whereas Sir Francis Butler Knight, Colonel Richard Gibson, Colonel Henry Warren, Colonel George Monke, and Lieutenant Colonel Gibbs,
Persons who were employed in this War, are now
Prisoners at London, and, in respect of their former
Knowledge of this Kingdom, may be very useful in
the Service here; it is our Pleasure, That you endeavour, if you may, the Procurement of their Enlargement.
"These in present are the Instructions we now give
you; yet these are not in Exclusion of such further
Instructions and Directions as we shall send to you:
And because some new Things may occur there,
which we cannot now foresee here, and therefore
cannot in present give Direction therein; and for
that perhaps it may be necessary, for the Advantage
of the Public Service here, in some Cases to vary
from some of the express Directions contained in
these Instructions: We, therefore, reposing great
Confidence in your Judgements, Uprightness, and Integrity, do hereby Declare, That we do not so positively bind you to the strict Observation of these
our Instructions, but that we are pleased, in all those
Cases, to leave it to your Judgements and Discretions
to do therein that which you in your Judgements
shall find to be agreeable to Honour, Conscience,
Justice, and Reason, and conducing to the Advantage of the Public Service here.
"You are to Declare, That, if Men be sent Us
without Money to pay them, and Victuals to feed
them, they cannot be received here; for they would
be such a Burthen to this Place as we should in such
Case be devoured by our Wants, no less than by
the Sword of the Enemy.
"In case you be demanded, whether or no you have
any Instructions or Authority to recede from any
Part of the Propositions, or how far, or to that
Purpose; you are therein first humbly to desire to
be excused in that Particular, and to endeavour as
much as in you lies not to discover your Instructions:
And if you find that that Answer gives not Satisfaction, then you are humbly to desire to know, whether or no the Parliament will send us any Succours
unless you shew or declare to them all the Instructions
you have: And if both or either of the Houses of
Parliament shall declare to you that they will not
send any Succours to us unless you shew them, or
acquaint them with your Instructions, then, and in
such Case, you are to shew them, or whom they shall
appoint, all the Instructions you have.
"You are to Declare, That, if the Parliament will
resolve to relieve us, it is of absolute Necessity that
the Supplies of Men, Money, Arms, and Ammunition, mentioned in our Propositions, be hastened
away immediately, for our present Relief, so to
preserve this Place, and enable us to live to expect
further Succours. And you are to Declare, That
if, as speedily as possibly may be after your coming
to London, you shall not advertise us that those
Things are in the Way hither, or at least a considerable Proportion of Money and Ammunition, and
probable Hope of the rest speedily after, that then
we must take it for granted that our Propositions
are rejected there; and so we shall be necessiated to
think of some other Course for preserving ourselves,
as by the Laws of God and Nature becomes Christians.
26 Sept. 1646.
"Ri. Bolton, Canc. Roscomon.
George Cloyne. Cha. Lambart.
"Henry Tychborne. Tho. Lucas. Rob't Fort.
Instructions to them from the Council, in Behalf of the E. of Ormond.
"Instructions agreed on by the Council of Ireland, to be observed by Sir Gerrard Lowther
Knight Lord Chief Justice of His Majesty's
Court of Common Pleas, Sir Francis Willoughby Knight Serjeant Major General of
the Army, and Sir Paule Davis Knight Clerk
of the Council.
"You are to make it evident that the Rebellion of
Ireland will be suppressed, and the Kingdom reduced
to a perfect Obedience to the Crown of England, in
a shorter Time, and with much less Expence, by the
Conduct of the Lord Lieutenant, and such Officers
of the Army as are under his Command, than by
any other Way.
"Albeit, by the Propositions, we desire Preservation
for ourselves and others, in our and their Persons,
Estates, and Employments, as in the Propositions is
expressed; yet such is our Desire to preserve this
Kingdom to the Crown of England, and so much do
we prefer the common Good of both Kingdoms before our own particular Advantages in any Employments, as, if you find that the Parliament will not
yield to the Continuance of us and such others as aforesaid in our Employments, that then, and in such
Case, you declare that it is conceived by us, That such
as hold Places here by virtue of His Majesty's Letters
Patents cannot, without Breach of Duty and Trust
to His Majesty, depart from those Places without
His Majesty's Allowance or Direction therein obtained; and some of those Patentees are sworn to
that Duty; and therefore we think fit that you declare, that, the Parliament so appointing, we will
depart with our respective Employments, so as His
Majesty's Direction be therein obtained, and so as
we, and all such as aforesaid, be preserved in our
Persons and Estates; and that we, and our Heirs, Executors, and Administrators, be saved harmless against
all those Bonds and other Engagements wherein we
stand bound, for Monies, and Goods, and Arms,
and other Provisions, taken up for the Army here,
and re-paid such Monies as we have disbursed towards
Maintenance of the Army or Garrisons; and that
also such of us, and such others as aforesaid, as shall
desire it, may have the safe Conduct of the Parliament, and convenient Times given, to be transported
hence into France or Holland, with our Wives,
Children, Goods, and Families; and that we may be
by the Parliament protected, for Six Months after
the Date of such Protection, against all such Debts
as we owe, seeing we were destroyed in our Estates
and Fortunes by the Rebels here, which now disables
us to pay those Debts.
26 Sept. 1646.
"Ri. Bolton, Canc. Roscomen. Geo. Cloyne.
"Ch. Lambert. Arth. Chichester.
"Hen. Tichborne. Tho. Lucas. Rob't Fort.
Additional Instructions to them from the E. of Ormond, concerning himself.
"Additional Instructions for Sir Gerrard Lowther
Knight Chief Justice of His Majesty's Court
of Common Pleas, Sir Francis Willoughby
Knight Serjeant Major General of His Majesty's Army, and Sir Paule Davis Knight
Clerk of the Council.
"If you find the Parliament willing and ready forthwith effectually to take into their Care and Protection His Majesty's Protestant Subjects within the
Quarters now under my Command, and those that
have adhered to them, from the 22th of October,
1641, to this Time, according to the Purport of
the Instructions signed by me and the Council, and
that my Continuance in the Government shall be
the only Lett thereunto; you are then, in such Case,
to let them know, That I will surrender my Place
of Lieutenant, and deliver up all the Holds in my
Power, to such as the Parliament shall appoint, upon
these following Conditions:
"1. That they procure His Majesty's Direction
for the doing thereof.
"2. That they afford me, and all His Majesty's
Protestant Subjects, and those that have adhered to them from the 22th of October,
1641, to this Time, and have never adhered
to the Rebellion in this Kingdom, the Benefit of the Propositions signed by me and
"3. That I may have Leave, and a free Pass, for
myself, to go where His Majesty is, or shall
then be, to kiss His Hand, and that the said
Pass may extend to my Servants and Retinue,
not exceeding the Number of Thirty Persons,
my Stay with His Majesty to be limited to as
short a Time as the Parliament shall think fit
"4. That I may have a Pass, for myself, my Wife,
Children, and Servants, for the free and safe
Transportation of myself and them, with my
Horses, Goods, and Travelling Arms (as
Pistols, Swords, and Carbines), into France or
Holland, and that I may have Liberty thereby
to take my Way through England, and to
embark myself at Dover, or to ship myself,
with my said Family, Horses, Goods, and
Arms, here at Dublin, and that I may have a
Ship of Force to convoy me safely into either
of the aforesaid Countries at my Election,
and that this Pass, and that in the precedent
Article expressed, may contain a Protection
against all Suits, Arrests, Molestations, or
Disturbance whatsoever, for or by reason of
any Goods, Money, Debts, or Victual, taken,
by virtue of any Warrants signed by me and
the Council, from my Person, for the Maintenance and Support of the Armies, or any
of the Garrisons, now under my Command,
and that it also contain a Protection against all
Suits, Arrests, Molestation, or Disturbance
whatsoever, for my Person and Goods, for
any Debts owing by me to any Person whatsoever before the Rebellion here
"5 That such Noblemen, Gentlemen, and Officers,
as shall be desirous to go with me, or by themselves, into any other Place out of this King
dom, may have like free Passes, for themselves,
their Families, Goods, and Arms, and a com
petent Number of Servants, suitable to their
"6. In regard that my whole Fortune is now in the
Possession, or within the Power of the Rebels,
so as I can make no Manner of Use of it, as
also for that I have, not only it my own Charge
in some Sort maintained the Honour and Dig
nity of my Place since the 21th of January,
1643, which was the Day whereon I was
sworn His Majesty's Lieutenant, but likewise
contributed in a considerable Proposition to the
Maintenance of the Army and Garrisons now
under my Command, and lastly, for that, by
Means thereof, I am utterly unable to discharge
the Debts I have contracted for my Support,
whilst I employed mine own to feed the Army,
or to pay the Wages due to the Servants
who I was necessitated to entertun in respect
of the Place I held for those Rebels, I desire
it may be humbly offered to the Nobleness and
Honour of the Parliament, that, to free me
from the Clamour of Creditors, to pay my
Servants their Wages, and to transport and
maintain myself and my Family in some Sort
befitting the Condition of a Gentleman, the
Parliament will be pleased to command, that
the Sum of Thirteen Thousand Eight Hundred
Seventy seven Pounds, Fourteen Shillings, and
Nine Pence, be paid to such as I shall appoint,
upon Bills of Exchange accepted by sufficient
Men in France or Holland, to wit, the One Half
upon Sight, and at Six Months the other Half
thereof, which is less than the just Sum which
I have disbursed, for maintaining the Garrisons
of Dublin, Dundalke, Newry, Narrow water,
Green Castle, and Carlingford, not accounting
my own Expence, nor the many other smaller
Disbursements spent meerly for the Good of the
said Garrisons, and that I may be secured against
any Molestation by reason of the Engagements
I have at any Time entered into for the Public
Service, since the Beginning of this Rebellion
"7. Seventhly, and lastly, If, in the mean Time,
while they take these Propositions and the rest
into their Considerations, and till they have
procured His Majesty's Direction as aforesaid,
the Parliament be pleased to send over such
Supplies as may preserve the Garrisons from
Ruin through Want, or by the hostile Attempts
of the Rebels, the same shall be well husbanded
for them, and employed only to those Ends
Dated 26 Sept 1646
"Whereas, by my additional Instructions to the Lord
Chief Justice of His Majesty's Court of Common Pleas,
Sir Francis Willoughby, and Sir Paule Davis, dated
the 26th of September, 1646, I desire Licence for my
Transportation into France or Holland, I now declare,
That I move it not out of any Unwillingness to reside
in England, where I desire rather to reside, as being
my native Country, than in any other Place, if I may
be permitted so to do quietly, and without being
pressed by Oaths or otherwise contrary to my Conscience, and may receive the Monies disbursed by me,
whereby I may be enabled to support me there in
some Degree answerable to my Quality, wherein, as
Things now stand with me, I am in present disabled,
for the Reasons in my former Instructions expressed
Dated 27 Sept 1646
Verbal Instructions from the E of Ormond
"After the Delivery of the additional Instructions
unto us, and after Sir Francis Willoughby was gone on
Shipboard, we staying a Day or Two after him for
our Dispatch, his Lordship declared to us, That, as
to the Matter of Monies mentioned in his said additional Instructions, it was his Desire, that if it came
to that Point that his Lordship must not be continued
in the Place of Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, that
then, and in such Case, we should husband and improve that Proposition to his Lordship's best Advantage
Which his verbal Direction to us, as we in humble
Obedience to the Commands of the Honourable Committee do hereby declare, so, in Discharge of the
Trust committed to us by his Lordship, we humbly
move, That, considering his vast Expence of his own
private Fstate towards supporting of the Honour of
the Place of Lord Lieutenant, and therein preserving
from Contempt the Dignity of the English Government there, and that thereby, and by the Spoil and
Detention of his Estate from him by the Rebels, he,
his Lady, Children, and Family, are reduced to very
hard Terms in their Estate, and considering also the
Honour of his Birth and Family, that therefore, if
it shall not be held fit to continue him in that Place of
Lord Lieutenant, that, besides the Re payment of
his Disbursements mentioned in his said additional
Instructions, such Yearly Allowance may be assigned to
him, as he may be enabled to live in this Kingdom of
England, where he was born, and where he desires to
reside, as in his said additional Instructions and Explanation thereof he moves, and may be competent to
support him in some Degree answerable to his
23 Octobris 1646
"Fr Willoughby Paule Davis"
Propositions made by the Commissioners from Ireland, at Chester for Free Trade to the Ports in the Protestant Interest in Ire
"The Lord Lieutenant and Council of Ireland, for
the Preservation of that Kingdom for the Crown of
England, which is now in great Danger to be turned
from it by the Force and Fraud of the bloody Irish
Rebels, having found it necessary to make their Ap
plication to the Parliament of England, and to that
land; and for Powder to be sent there.
End having now employed us from them to the
said Parliament, their Lordships gave us in Charge,
That, in our Way to London at such Places and to
such Persons as we should judge most fit, we should
propound, for the more speedy Relief of the City of
Dublin against those Rebels who are now advancing
towards Dublin to besiege it, these Particulars:
"First, That Free Trade be admitted to all Shipping,
to and from Dublin, Drogheda, Dundalke, and the
other Garrisons of the Protestant Party in Ireland,
that so, all Provisions coming thither to be sold,
the Garrisons may be better supported, and enabled to hold out whilst they expect further
Succours from the Parliament of England, and
some of those Shipping may bring off from
thence useless Men and Women and Children when
they are besieged by the Rebels, which certainly
the Rebels will now hasten much the rather when
they come to know (which cannot be long concealed from them) this Application now made to
the Parliament of England; in which Case,
doubtless, the Rebels First Attempt will be to stop
up the Passage from the Mouth of the Harbour
of Dublin to the City, so to prevent all Access of
Relief by Sea.
"Secondly, That, towards the better enabling the
Lord Lieutenant and the Army at Dublin to defend that City against the Rebels, and so to be
enabled to live to receive the expected Succours
from the Parliament of England, that what Proportion of Powder may conveniently be spared in
present may be immediately hastened away to Dublin with all possible Speed; which may be done,
and that safely, by sending it now by Captain
Richard Willoughby, who is Captain of The Gloabe
by Authority derived from the Parliament, and
who, having brought us hither, is now forthwith
to return to the Bay of Dublin.
"These offered the Third of October, 1646, to
the Governor and Deputy Lieutenants and
Committee of Parliament at Chester, by us,
"Gerrard Lowther. Fr. Willoughby. Paule Davis.
"This is a Copy of the Writing delivered by us at
Chester on the Third of October, 1646, to the
Governor and Deputy Lieutenants and Committee of Parliament there; which, by the
Command of the Honourable Committee, we
here humbly offer; and do humbly beseech
that the Particulars therein moved for, and the
other Particulars contained in the Propositions
and Instructions by us delivered to the Honourable Committee by their Commandment,
may with all Speed be taken into Consideration,
and such Rule given therein as in the Wisdom
of the Parliament shall be held fit.
13 (fn. *) Octobris, 1646.
"Gerrard Lowther. Fran. Willoughby.
Letter from the E. of Ormond and the Council of Ireland, to the Lord Mayor of London.
"Our very good Lord,
"We, who have the Honour to serve His Majesty as
His Lieutenant and Council of this His Kingdom of Ireland, have, upon full Debate and serious Advisement at
this Board, found it of absolute Necessity, for Preservation of this Kingdom to the Crown of England
(which otherwise (fn. *) is in Danger, by the Force and
Fraud of wicked and bloody Rebels, to be immediately torn from it), to make our Application to the Parliament of England, which we have done accordingly,
by our several Letters now sent to the Speakers
of both Houses of Parliament there: And because
it is our Duty, with whom this Kingdom is intrusted to be kept for the Crown of England;
to invoke all Powers who are concerned herein, and
from whom Assistance may be justly expected, towards
Preservation (fn. *) from so great a Loss and Dishonour
to the Crown and Kingdom of England; and in regard that that ancient and honourable City of London, as it is the most eminent and most important Piece
of all His Majesty's Kingdoms and Dominions, so it
is most nearly concerned in the common Good and
public Interests of those Kingdoms and Dominions,
and therefore cannot but have a most deep Sense of
all Things which in so high a Degree as this may
relate to the Honour and Safety of that Kingdom
of England; we therefore judge it agreeable with
our Duty to all His Majesty's Kingdoms, to make Application in this Case by your Lordship to that Honourable City, for such speedy Succours and Relief
as may render Deliverance to this Kingdom, and in
Consequence to that, from the Dangers now
threatened against both.
"Some Things have been transacted here, which (as
we understand) have been so misrepresented thither
as perhaps may prejudice us in the Opinion of that
City; namely, the raising here of some Debts, to
a very small Value, due by some here to some Persons there; wherein to give all just Satisfaction to
that City, we freely declare the Truth of the Matter:
"When the Army maintained here for preserving
this Part of the Kingdom from the Hands of the
bloody Rebels were, through Want of Means,
brought to the highest Necessity of most miserable
and lamentable Wants, even of Food to sustain Nature, and of Cloathing to cover Nakedness; as we
ourselves (out of the Remnant of our little Estates,
torn from us by the Rage and Fury of the Rebels)
did advance all the Loans we were able, and had
borrowed here from all Sorts of People, whilst we
had any Credit to be trusted, and whilst any had to
lend, what Monies we could get towards keeping
the Army from disbanding, and were many-times
enforced against our Natures, sometimes to use some
Degrees of Force for borrowing Monies towards the
Relief for the Army; so in those Cases, and in these
high and perilous Extremities, we were necessitated,
for the same Ends, to take up some few Debts due
to some Persons there, not exceeding Two Thousand Pounds in all, as shall appear by an Accompt
thereof which shall be transmitted thither, and
taken up with as much Moderation as we could,
leaving great Sums still due on the Debtors to their
Creditors there; yet those taken were but borrowed,
and to be again in Time re-paid by His Majesty, which
we hope will be done in due Time: And therefore,
being it was Necessity that enforced it, not only in the
Cases of some there, but also in the Cases of ourselves and very many others here, without which
this Kingdom could not have been hitherto kept for
the Crown of England as now it is, and in the Loss
whereof all those Debts must have been lost, we
therefore hope to find with your Lordship, and all
others there, a favourable and friendly Construction
herein; and that now (without looking back to Particulars, but rather forward to the General, seeing
therein the Honour and Safety of England and the
English Nation is as it were at the Stake) your Lordship will use your Power with that City, so as they
may speedily and liberally contribute towards the
Preservation of this Kingdom to the Crown of Eng
land, whereby they will manifest to the World that
nothing can be of that Importance with them, as
that which may lead in Order to the Honour and
Safety of England and the English Nation, so highly
concerned in this as nothing can be more; whereby
due Vengeance may be taken on those bloody Rebels, whose Labour now is, to root the Protestant
Religion out of this Kingdom, to destroy the Remnant of His Majesty's Protestant Subjects here yet
undestroyed by them in their former bloody Massacres, and finally to tear this Kingdom from the Crown
of England, and to transfer it to the King of Spaine
or the Pope; which their traiterous Purposes we
yet hope may, by the Mercy of God, be prevented,
if we be so timely and powerfully succoured forth
of England as we have just Reason in this important
Cause to expect.
"And so we remain, from His Majesty's Castle
of Dublin, the 26th Day of September, 1646.
Very loving Friends,
Ric. Bolton, Canc. Roscomon. Geo. Clo (fn. *)
Charles Lambart. Ar. Chichester. He. Tichborne.
Tho. Lucas. Rob. Forth. Ja. Ware.
"To our very good Lord, the
Lord Mayor of the City of
Letter from them to the King.
"May it please Your Most Excellent Majesty,
"Where any great and general Mischiefs are likely
to happen to His Majesty's Affairs which may necessitate us Your Servants to take Resolutions (Your
Majesty unconsulted), there we humbly conceive
Your Majesty (agreeable with Your accustomed
Princely Disposition) will graciously interpret us, especially when our Counsels and Resolutions are guided
principally for preserving no less than a Crown and
Kingdom for Your Majesty and Your Royal Posterity.
"Such then is our Case at this Time: Your Majesty knows how the Treaty of Peace here with the
Rebels hath been hitherto carried on; and finally,
how Articles of Peace were agreed on here by me
the Lieutenant, in Your Majesty's Behalf, with some
substituted by them on their Behalf; in which Peace
we hoped to find those Advantages which Your Majesty aimed at; namely, the redeeming Your Subjects here out of the Calamities of War, the Preservation of the Kingdom to Your Majesty and Your
Royal Posterity, the Maintenance of the Protestant
Religion therein, and the Safety of the Remnant of
Your Protestant Subjects here.
"After the publishing of the Peace here at Dublin,
I the Lieutenant understood that some in the Country
had conspired against it; wherefore I did then immediately march with a Part of Your Majesty's
Army from Dublin to Kilkenny, hoping by my Personal Presence and Endeavours there to preserve the
People from being seduced, and so to disappoint
that Conspiracy: But such and so great is the Malice of some and the Persidiousness of others of
the Rebels, as (omitting here to trouble Your Majesty with the full Relation of their barbarous
Abuse of Your Majesty at the City of Lymricke,
in the Person of Your Herald, sent by us to publish
the Peace at that City and other Places, and afterwards their treacherous Intention to have betrayed
the Person of me the Lieutenant, and those Forces
of Your Majesty's which I had with me to Kilkenny)
they now most scornfully and disdainfully reject the
Peace, and that in shameless Breach and Violation of that Public Faith which they had intrusted
with those Persons whom they authorized to treat
with me the Lieutenant upon that Subject; and they
are now engaged in a new War, intending suddenly
to wrest this Kingdom from Your Majesty, and to
transfer it to the King of Spaine or the Pope.
"This, we confess, doth much amuse and perplex
us, especially considering what Multitudes they are,
and our Weakness in all Requisites of War to defend
Your Majesty's Interests and Royal Sovereignty here:
We therefore debating the Matter at this Board, in
full Council, we found clearly, that, without further
Accessions of Strength and Requisites of War, we
are not able to resist them; and then that Strength
and those Requisites of War, as Affairs now stand,
cannot as yet (which we mention with Grief) be expected from Your Majesty. The Question therefore
was then necessarily pressed upon us, whether or no
we should in this Case make Application to the Parliament of England, or suffer this Your Majesty's
Kingdom to be taken from You, and transferred to
a Foreign Prince or Potentate. In the End, we fixed
on a Resolution, humbly to cast ourselves at Your
Majesty's Feet, for a gracious Construction of our
Actions herein; and so to make our Application to
the Parliament, as the only Means left us to preserve
this Kingdom for Your Majesty and Your Royal Posterity, wherein we doubt not to receive from so
Gracious a Majesty an indulgent and benign Interpretation.
"We humbly offer here inclosed a Copy of our
Letters now written upon this Subject to the Speaker
of the Lords House of Parliament, that to the
Speaker of the Commons House being verbatim
the same with the other, excepting in the different
Styles of the Speakers and both Houses; which we
most humbly submit to Your Majesty's Royal Consideration.
"Upon this Occasion, we humbly beseech Your Majesty to deal so with the Scotts, as by Direction from
them the Scotts here in Ulster may be appointed to
be in all Things assistant to us, as we shall be to them,
against these Rebels.
"And so, with our Prayers to Almighty God to
bless and preserve Your Royal Majesty, and to guide
and prosper all Your Counsels and Actions, to the
Glory of God, the Honour and Advantage of Your
Majesty, and Your Posterity, and the joint Happiness of all Your Kingdoms and Dominions, we most
"From Your Majesty's Castle of Dublin, the 26th
Day of September, 1646.
Your Majesty's most loyal and most
faithful Subjects and Servants,
Ri. Bolton, Canc. Roscomon. Geo. Cloyne.
Ch. Lambert. Arth. Chichester. Ger. Lowther.
Hen. Tichborne. Fr. Willoughby. Tho. Lucas.
Rob. Forth. Ja. Ware.
"To the King's Most Excellent Majesty."
Propositions from the E. of Ormond to the House of Lords in Ireland.
"Propositions of the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland,
to be presented to the Most Honourable the
Lords House of Parliament of the Kingdom
"1. That the said Lord Lieutenant will prosecute the
War against the Irish Rebels as rigorously as he shall
be thereunto enabled by the Two Houses of Parliament of England, and that he will faithfully serve
the Crown of England therein.
"2. That, whilst he hath the Government of this
Kingdom, and the Command of the Armies therein,
none of the Supplies of Men, Money, Arms, Am
munition, Victuals, or any other Provisions of what
Kind or Nature soever, which shall by the Two
Houses of Parliament of England be sent over, or
joined with the Forces already under his Command;
nor any of the said Forces now under his Command,
nor any other Forces that shall be under his Command, shall in any Wise be employed, either within
this Kingdom or out of it, but by the express Direction of the said Two Houses of Parliament of
"3. That he will not, upon any Command, by virtue
of any Power or Authority whatsoever, enter into
any Treaty with the said Irish Rebels, or conclude
any Peace or Cessation with them, without the Consent and express Command of the King and Parliament of England.
"4. He will engage himself to the true Performance
of all these Things by Oath, or by any other Means
that can be proposed to a Man of Honour and Conscience.
26 Sept. 1646.
Propositions from him and the Council to the House of Lords in Ireland.
"Propositions of the Lord Lieutenant and Council
of Ireland, to be presented to the Most Honourable the Lords House of Parliament of
the Kingdom of Ireland.
"1. We desire, for the present Preservation of this
Kingdom to the Crown of England, and to enable
our proceeding in the War, the Recruiting of the
present Regiments here with all possible Speed, towards which we desire for the present Three Thousand Foot and Five Hundred Horse, and those
Numbers of Foot armed and cloathed, and that
Number of Horsemen armed; and Horses being sent
us, our Force then will be Seven Thousand One
Hundred and Fifty Foot besides Officers, and One
Thousand Horse besides Officers; the Pay of all
which Officers and Soldiers, as well Foot as Horse,
for about Three Days Pay in a Week, according to
the List herewith sent, is Eight Thousand Two
Hundred Fifty-eight Pounds, Twelve Shillings, per
Mensem of Twenty-eight Days; and so their Pay, at
that Rate, for Three Months, will be Twenty-four
Thousand Seven Hundred Threescore and Fifteen
Pounds, Sixteen Shillings, which Sum we desire may
be immediately sent us; and withall, that there be
sent us One Thousand Pounds, towards answering
extraordinary Charges which are of absolute Necessity
for an Army, as well for the Train of Artillery and
Carriages, and other Provisions for Marches, as for
fixing Arms, making Platforms, mounting Ordnance,
Intelligencers, and many other extraordinary Charges;
and Three Hundred Barrels of Powder, with Match
and Lead in Proportion, and Twenty Barrels of
Pistol Powder, with Fire-stones and Bullets in Proportion, and One Thousand spare Muskets with
Bandileers, One Thousand Five Hundred spare Pikes,
and Four Thousand spare Swords and Belts, therewith to arm the Men that are hereby already.
"2. To encourage the Lord Lieutenant and all others
of this Kingdom, as well of the Soldiery as others
of His Majesty's Protestant Subjects and their Adherents, to go on the more chearfully and industriously in the general Service against the Irish Rebels;
we desire that the said Lord Lieutenant, and all
others of this Kingdom, as well of the Soldiery as
others of His Majesty's Protestant Subjects of this
Kingdom, and such others of this Kingdom as have
adhered to them from the 22th of October, 1641, to
this Time, whether now present here or absent,
be preserved in their Persons, Estates, and Employments.
"3. Considering that divers Brittish and others were,
through Force, Terror, or other Necessity, with-held
amongst the Rebels, after the 23th of October, 1641,
when the Rebellion began, and afterwards found
Means to get from them, and to return to Dublin
and other Places held by His Majesty's Protestant
Subjects and their Adherents as soon as they could
with any Safety, some before and some after the
Cessation; we desire that all such be preserved in their
Persons, Estates, and Employments.
"4. Considering that some others being here for
some Time, some before and some after the Cessation
began, but never joining with the Rebels here, went
from hence to serve His Majesty in England, and are
now here; we desire that all such be preserved in
their Persons, Estates, and Employments.
"5. That such of the Rebels as by the Lord Lieutenant and Council, by Consent of the Two Houses
of the Parliament of England, shall be accepted as
Adherents to His Majesty's Protestant Subjects in
this Cause, may be preserved in their Persons and
Estates; and to that Purpose that Instructions be sent
to the Lord Lieutenant.
26 Septembris, 1646.
Ri. Bolton, Canc. Roscomon.
"Geo. Cloyne. Cha. Lambert.
"Arth. Chichester. Gerr. Lowther. Hen. Tichborne.
Fran. Willoughby. Tho. Lucas. Rob. Forte.
House adjourned till 10a cras.