Prebendaries
Blewbury

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Institute of Historical Research

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Diana E. Greenway

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1991

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53-55

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'Prebendaries: Blewbury', Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066-1300: volume 4: Salisbury (1991), pp. 53-55. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=34240 Date accessed: 23 October 2014.


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LIST 22 PREBENDARIES OF BLEWBURY

PREBEND

Churches of Blewbury (Berks.) and Marlborough (Wilts.) (royal manors) held by William de Beaufou, bp. of Norwich 1086 (DB I 56d, 65c). Both gr. to cans. by bp. Osmund 1091 (carta).

Preb. prob. in existence by c. 1150 (Psalter list). Churches of Blewbury and Marlborough conf. as preb. by Henry II 1158 (RSO I 205). Between 1142 and 1184 both churches were gr. to communa (RSO I 216, where given date '1148', but for no good reason; cf. Sar. Chs. pp. 39-40), but conf. as preb. 1181 x 85 (RSO I 384, which should be attributed to pope Lucius III, not II, cf. PUE II 47). Preb. in 1220s (C. 462, pd. Sar. Chs. p. 207, cf. RSO II 71; see also VCH Berks. III 282, 289-90), though patronage in hands of Sandford family (RSO I 327-8) and interest maintained by Hospitallers and Templars (cf. Sar. Chs. p. 100; see also Reg. Martival I 184; Reg. Hemingby pp. 7-8). Church of Preshute (by Marlborough, Wilts.) part of preb. by 1223, but both Preshute church and two Marlborough churches (St Mary and St Peter) removed from preb. and placed in bp.'s peculiar jurisdiction 1223 (Sar. Chs. pp. 123-4, 126-7; cf. VCH Wilts. XII 180-1). Land and rent in Uffcott (Wilts., north-west of Marlborough) (Sar. Chs. pp. 124, 126; RSO I 328).

Pr.-preb.; decani side; term of residence c. 1270: Jan.-March.

Valuations

1220s 25m.; 1226 40m.; c. 1284 30m.; 1291 £40

PREBENDARIES

Warin of Sandford (fn. 1)

First occ. as can. c. 1170 (Cart. Sandford I no. 15). Also occ. as can. 1175 x 92 (cart. Templars: BL, Cotton MS Nero E. vi (1) fo. 115r). (fn. 2) Ceased to hold this preb. before 1184 (RSO I 216, where given date '1148', but for no good reason). Possibly to be identified with Warner de Sanford who donated a cope by 1214 (RSO II 130, also pd. Ceremonies p. 172), but this may have been Warner de Saunford who occ. without title before 1219 (Cart. Sandford I no. 13).

[Robert of Sandford (fn. 3)

First occ. as can. 7 Jan. 1213/14 (Nova Const.), and prob. can. when occ. 14 Nov. 1215 (C. 479, witnesses omitted in Sar. Chs. p. 79). Also occ. 1215 × Aug. 1220 (RSO II 34). Last occ., with William the Marshal, earl of Pembroke, after 1219 (BL, Add. Ch. 21165). Member of same family as Warin of Sandford, above, and held land in Preshute (C. 481), so therefore prob. this preb.]

Luke

Occ. this preb. Oct. 1226 x Feb. 1227 (app. 1), 30 March 1227 (RSO II 32- 3) and 9 Sept. 1228 (ibid. p. 108). Fined for non-residence Feb. 1227 (ibid. p. 77). Occ. as can. of Salisbury and dean of St Martin le Grand, London, 29 Sept. and 3 Oct. 1225 (ibid. pp. 37, 43), so therefore to be identified with Luke the chaplain, senior clk. of king's wardrobe (Tout, Chapters I 195-8); chanc. of Lichfield; had royal coll. of archdcnry. of Norwich 9 Nov. 1226 (1 Fasti II 64); also preb. of London (ibid. I 70); became abp. of Dublin (despite papal indulgence that he was not to be el. a bp., RSO II 105), el. before Dec. 1228, cons. after 30 Apr. 1230. Not to be confused with M. Luke of Winchester (des Roches), archdcn. of Surrey (Winchester dioc.), preb. Coombe, Hurstbourne and Ruscombe (lists 28, 38, 51).

[R- de Bleubire

Occ. as can. once only, perhaps this preb., 19 Oct. 1233 (Sar. Chs. p. 229).]

M. Nicholas Tessun (fn. 1)

Occ. this preb. some time after 1246 (Sar. Chs. p. 354, after the d. of Stephen of Tisbury, archdcn. of Wilts., list 10), and as can. 7 March 1247/8 (ibid. p. 314). Also archdcn. of Bath by 1247, preb. of Lincoln, still alive [1267] (1 Fasti III 105). Brother of M. Henry Tessun, successively preb. Durnford and Bedminster (lists 29, 16).

[? M.] Louis [? de Beaumont]

'Lodowycus' occ. this preb. May-June 1284 (app. 2). Perhaps to be identified with Louis de Beaumont, who occ. as can. c. 18 July 1290 (CCR 1288-96 p. 141), and had royal coll. of a preb. of York Feb. 1285/6 (York Minster Fasti II 6, 73). Held preb. of Salisbury together with canonries and prebs. of Le Mans, York, Wells, Bishop Auckland; disp. for plurality 30 Sept. 1291, when aged 20 (CPL I 544). Became treas. of Salisbury by 27 Dec. 1293 and presum. therefore preb. Calne (lists 5, 24).

M. John de Berwick

Pres. to this preb. by prior of St John Jerusalem, royal mandate for his adm. by bp. 19 May 1292 (Reg. Martival III nos. 288-9; cf. ibid. I 184). Abp.'s mandates to him, 1 Dec. 1299 and 16 Apr. 1300, ordering him to give up his preb. to Nicholas de Orsini, son of Napoleone son of Ursi de Urbe, who had papal prov. 21 Jan. 1299 (Reg. Winchelsey I 379-81). Keeper of queen Eleanor's gold 1285, keeper of queen's wardrobe 1287-90 (Tout, Chapters II 42 n., V 238-9, 272). Also can. of Exeter, preb. of Lichfield, London (1 Fasti I 45), Wells and York (York Minster Fasti II 30, 40-1). D. 30 June 1312 (Reg. Gandavo II 789), as this preb. (CPR 1307-13 p. 468).

Footnotes

1 Member of Sandford family of Sandford, Oxon., see Cart. Sandford I no. 13 etc.; cf. BL, Add. Ch. 21165. Therefore related to Robert of Sandford, below, and possibly also to Gilbert de Sandford, preb. Chardstock, list 25.
2 Temp. Savaric, archdcn. of Northampton, 1 Fasti III 31 and above list 5.
3 Member of Sandford family of Sandford, Oxon., see BL, Add. Ch. 21165, and Cart. Sandford passim. Possibly also related to Gilbert de Sandford, preb. Chardstock, list 25.
1 For his career, see Biog. Ox. III 1857.