Prebendaries
Combe - Introduction

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Institute of Historical Research

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Diana E. Greenway

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2001

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43-45

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'Prebendaries: Combe - Introduction', Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066-1300: volume 7: Bath and Wells (2001), pp. 43-45. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=34359 Date accessed: 26 October 2014.


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LISTS 18-32 PREBENDARIES OF COMBE

INTRODUCTION

Combe St Nicholas (Som.) conf. to bp. Giso by kg. Edward Confessor May 1065 (Keynes, 'Giso' app. I no. 9). Purchased by bp. Giso from Azur 29 Feb. 1072 (ibid. no. 16 = Cal. I 434; cf. EEA X app. I no. 5 = Historiola p. 18). Bp.'s in 1086 (DB I 89b; cf. Keynes, 'Giso' p. 269). For discussion of these documents, see Keynes, 'Giso' pp. 236, 243-7.

Conf. as preb. by bp. Robert to Reginald prec., as he had been coll. by his uncle bp. John (so before 1122), with provision that after Reginald's d. it was to form three prebs. and the precentory (EEA X no. 46, for which see below, app. 1). Conf. by bp. Savaric that manor of Combe has been assigned in perpetuity to precentory, subject to the prec. paying three prebs. of 100s each, as conf. by bps. Robert and Reginald, Lent 1195 × 8 Aug. 1205 (ibid. no. 261).

Combe included in papal confs. 22 Jan. 1158 and 15 June 1176 (PUE II nos. 101, 159). Gift of messuage and land to church of Combe by Richard son of Waldric, conf. by bp. Reginald 23 June 1174 × c. 1184 or 29 Sept. 1188 × 27 Nov. 1191 (EEA X no. 109).

Chard (Som.) conf. to bp. Giso by kg. Edward Confessor May 1065 (Keynes, 'Giso' app. I no. 9). Bp.'s TRE and in 1086 (DB I 89b; cf. Keynes, 'Giso' p. 269). 100s from church of Chard gr. by bp. Savaric to church of Wells, for Lady Mass, Lent 1195 × 8 Aug. 1205 (EEA X no. 246; cf. later references, Cal. I 237, 244-5). Church of Chard added to provostry of Combe by bp. Jocelin 6 June 1215, with provision for a new, eleventh, preb. of 10m (Cal. Ch. Rolls V 26). Rector of Chard tended to be provost of Combe (see William of Chard and William de Whethamstede, list 69).

Wellington (Som.), including West Buckland, part of ancient endowment of bpric. (P. H. Sawyer, Anglo-Saxon Chs.: an Annotated List and Bibliography (Royal Hist. Soc., 1968) no. 380), conf. to bp. Giso by kg. Edward Confessor May 1065 (Keynes, 'Giso' app. I no. 9). Bp.'s TRE and in 1086 (DB I 89b; cf. Keynes, 'Giso' p. 270). Gr. to church of Wellington by bp. Reginald 23 June 1174 × c. 1184 (EEA X no. 148). 10m from church of Wellington gr. by bp. Jocelin to church of Wells, for Lady Mass 30 Nov. 1215 (Cal. I 48; cf. later references, ibid. pp. 237, 244-5).

Combe removed from precentory, and eight prebs. established, of which the provost was to hold one and pay the holders of the others £40 (= 100s each), 4 March 1208 (Cal. Ch. Rolls V 25). Ordinance of bp. Jocelin while in exile 1209 × 13, whereby after d. of William of Chard, presum. provost (for whom see list 69), the 100s prebs. were to be superseded, and instead the manor of Combe was to provide ten prebs. of 10m each, of which one was to be held by the provost, and the church of Combe was to be held by the provost to support the charges; conf. before 16 July 1217 (Cal. I 58).

Winsham (Som.) conf. to bp. Giso by kg. Edward Confessor May 1065 (Keynes, 'Giso' app. I no. 9; cf. Historiola p. 17 = Keynes, 'Giso' pp. 265, 267). Gr. to bp. Giso by kg. William I ad sustentationem canonicorum 1066 × 82 (Keynes, 'Giso' app. I no. 13). Bp.'s in 1086 (DB I 89c; cf. Keynes, 'Giso' p. 270). For discussion of these documents, see Keynes, 'Giso' pp. 241.

Five prebs. in Winsham established by bp. Robert: church to form one; three in town to be held by one can. who is to pay 100s each to other two prebs.; fifth to be 'Bromleia' (EEA X no. 46, for which see below, app. 1). Winsham conf. to church of Wells, 14 March 1165 (Cal. I 39bis). Winsham included in papal confs. 22 Jan. 1158 and 15 June 1176 (also 'Brumleg') (PUE II nos. 101, 159). Church of Winsham said to have been assigned formerly to chancellery, but established as two prebs. 4 March 1208 (Cal. Ch. Rolls V 25-6).

Ordinance of bp. Jocelin 26 Dec. 1234, whereby the provostry of Combe was to be united with that of Winsham, to provide fifteen prebs. of 10m each, of which one was to be held by the provost (Cal. I 243-5). According to this document, the properties were as follows:

Provostry of Combe: manor and church of Combe, with chapel of Waston, church of Chard, and church of Wellington, with chapel of West Buckland.

Provostry of Winsham: manor and church of Winsham.

Petition for papal conf. of union of provostries [1245] (Cal. I 120). See also ibid. p. 237.

For a list of provosts, see below, list 69.

The valuation of 1291 gives £5 6s 8d for each of the fifteen prebs., which is not 10m, as laid down in bp. Jocelin's two ordinances, but 8m, the figure mentioned in 1335 or 1336 as having been set by bp. Ralph of Shrewsbury (Cal. I 237).