Canons residentiary of Lincoln

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Institute of Historical Research

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Joyce M. Horn & David M. Smith

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1999

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133-144

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'Canons residentiary of Lincoln', Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1541-1857: volume 9: Lincoln diocese (1999), pp. 133-144. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=35223 Date accessed: 21 September 2014.


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CANONS RESIDENTIARY OF LINCOLN

A prebendary seeking to reside would 'protest his major residence', usually just before the chapter year which started on the Monday after the feast of the Exaltation of the Cross (14 September). (fn. 1) He would deposit £20 and invite the canons to 'break bread' with him, and would usually take up his residence at Michaelmas (29 September). It was necessary to possess a prebend to qualify for residence: a dignity or archdeaconry was not sufficient. However, the prebend of Stoke was united with the chancellorship from 1458, giving the chancellor eligibility, and the prebend of Kilsby was re-annexed to the precentorship in 1637. No prebend was permanently annexed to the deanery, who was also required to 'protest his residence' by virtue of a prebend. Two archdeacons of Lincoln and a successions of eighteenth-century deans took the valueless prebend of Thorngate in order to qualify.

Major residence consisted of thirty-four weeks and five days or 243 days, (fn. 2) although absence on chapter business counted as residence. Each canon was responsible for residing continuously for three months at a time, with the turns being chosen at the annual audit in September. After at least fourteen years of residence, a man might 'protest his minor residence', which meant residing for only for a minimum of seventeen weeks and three days or 122 days each year (and receiving proportionate commons for this period). (fn. 3)

The number of residentiaries fluctuated at around five at the beginning of this period. In 1535, when there were six canons resident, the total annual value of the common fund was valued 3 Sept. at £506 31s 4d, yielding a portion of £83 11s 1d for each canon. (fn. 4) During the sixteenth century several non-dignitaries were admitted to residence. In 1591 the number was fixed at four, (fn. 5) normally the dean, precentor, chancellor and subdean, though occasionally the archdeacon of Lincoln. The residentiaries were jealous of any increase in their number because this would mean more people to share in the common fund, but difficulties arose with the workload if one or more of the residentiaries was ill or absent with other duties. Non-residentiary canons who lived in or near Lincoln often joined with one or two residentiaries to form a chapter to install new prebendaries. In 1660, when all the residentiaries had died during the Interregnum, it was nonresidentiaries alone who installed the new dignitaries and prebendaries. When the chapter was reconstituted, the archdeacon of Lincoln failed to gain acceptance to major residence.

By 1735, the chapter agreed that 'great residence' meant a minimum of 119 days, (fn. 6) which enabled the residentiaries to hold university or cathedral office elsewhere.

The act of 3 & 4 Vic. c. 113 (ss. 17, 22, 33, 35) added a fourth canonry, in the gift of the bishop, thus making a chapter of five, with the dean. This fourth canonry was thenceforward given to the archdeacon of Lincoln. The annual average income of the dean was to be £1,000 and that of each canon £500, to be paid by the Ecclesiastical Commissioners. By the act of 4 & 5 Vic. c. 39 (s. 5) deans were to be admitted to residence without the need of any prebend as qualification.

Residentiaries are listed below in order of their entry into residence or first occurrence. The prebend by virtue of which they were first admitted is given and other dignities held at Lincoln, though not qualifications for residence, are also shown. The five canons forming the chapter in January 1541 are given in order of their entry into residence. Lists of residentiaries are supplied at ten-yearly intervals to indicate the number and personel of the chapter at given years.

Christopher Massingberd B.Cn.L. (Clifton; later Empingham, precentor, chancellor, archd. Stow, Welton Paynshall, Leighton Buzzard) 1512-1553.

Protested major resid. 2 Sept. 1512 (A/3/4 f. 42v). Last occ. in chapter 28 Feb. 1553 (CA 1547-59 p. 82). D. 8 March (see Archdeacons of Stow).

John Prynne D.Cn.L. (Ketton; later subdean) 1529-1558.

Protested major resid. 11 Sept. 1529 (CA 1520-36 p. 123). Last occ. in chapter 29 Sept. 1557 (CA 1547-59 p. 143). D. 29 Apr. 1558 (see Subdeans).

George Heneage B.Cn.L. (Biggleswade and dean; later St. Botolph, Thame, archdcn. of Lincoln) 1530-1542.

Protested major resid. 3 Sept. 1530 (CA 1520-35 p. 137). Protested minor resid. 12 Aug. 1542 (CA 1536-47 p. 66, cf. pp. 29-30).

Thomas Lillylowe (Thorngate; later Nassington) 1538-1546.

Protested major resid. 12 Sept. 1538 (CA 1536-47 p. 16). Last occ. as canon, though sick, 30 Jan. 1546 (ibid. p. 117). D. 8 × 12 Feb. (see Nassington).

Christopher Tamworth M.A. (St. Martin in Dernestall and precentor; later Dunham and Newport) 1538-1546.

Protested major resid. 16 Sept. 1538 (CA 1536-47 p. 17). Last occ. in chapter 19 Dec. 1545 (ibid. p. 114). D. 13 Jan. 1546 (see Precentors)

[23 Jan. 1541: Heneage (dean), Tamworth (precentor), Massingberd (chancellor), Prynne (subdean) and Lillylowe (Thorngate) (CA 1536-47 p. 44) = 5]

John Pope B.Cn. & C.L. (Welton Paynshall and chancellor; later archdcn. of Bedford, Leighton Buzzard) 1543-1558.

Protested major resid. 24 Aug. 1543 (CA 1536-47 pp. 81-2). Protested minor resid. 16 July 1558 (CA 1547-59 pp. 153-4).

John Taylor D.D. (Bedford Minor and dean; later Corringham) 1546-1552.

Protested major resid. 13 Aug. 1546 (CA 1536-47 pp. 125-6). Bp. of Lincoln 1552.

[15 Sept. 1550: Taylor (dean), Pope (chancellor), Massingberd (archdcn. of Stow) and Prynne (subdean) (CA 1547-59 p. 49) = 4]

Nicholas Bullingham B.Cn.L. (Empingham and archdcn. of Lincoln) 1551- 1554.

Protested major resid. 5 Sept. 1551 (CA 1547-59 pp. 65-6). Occ. 17 Sept. 1553 (Bj/3/6 f. 14v). Depriv. by 5 May 1554 (see Archdeacons of Lincoln).

Roger Dalyson D.D. (Empingham and precentor) 1555-1565.

Protested major resid. 7 Sept. 1555 (CA 1547-59 pp. 120-1). Ejected from residence by Bp. Bullingham 11 Sept. 1565 for recusancy and failure to pay tenths to queen (A/3/8 ff. 23v-24).

John Salisbury (Stoke and chancellor 1555-1566. Suffragan Bishop of Thetford.

Protested major resid. 13 Sept. 1555 (CA 1547-59 p. 121). Protested a two-year break in resid. 20 Sept. 1561 (A/3/7 f. 14), but resumed it 19 Sept. 1562 (ibid. f. 22v). Last occ. in chapter 18 Sept. 1565 (ibid. f. 41). Res. by 18 Jan. 1566 (see Chancellors).

Roger Bromhall (Louth; later subdean) 1554-1565.

Protested major res. 25 Aug. 1554 (CA 1547-59 p. 110). Ejected from residence by Bp. Bullingham 11 Sept. 1565 for recusancy and failure to pay tenths to queen (A/3/8 ff. 23v-24).

[19 Sept. 1560: Bromhall (subdean and president of the chapter, Dalyson (precentor), and Salisbury (chancellor) (A/3/7 f. 8v) = 3]

William Todd M.A. (Ketton and archdcn. of Bedford) 1560-1574.

Protested major resid. 3 Aug. 1560 (A/3/7 f. 7). To d. by 3 March 1574 (see Ketton).

Francis Mallet D.D. (Corringham and dean) 1560-1568.

Protested major resid. 17 Aug. 1560 (A/3/7 f. 7). He sent a letter to the chapter, 2 Nov., that he was too ill to start his residence as intended; occ. in chapter 2 Dec. (ibid. f. 9v). Abp. gr. dispensation from resid. at all his benefices 6 June 1567 at queen's request (ibid. ff. 58v-59v). Chapter withheld dividend payable to him as resid., 21 Sept. (ibid. f. 60). Letter from William Cecil, queen's principal secretary, 13 July 1568, requiring payment (ibid. f. 62). After case was heard at Hatfield before six lords, the parties agreed that Mallet should receive back his £20 deposit and not be paid any further dividends, profits or emoluments of residence (ibid. ff. 62v-63).

Thomas Godwyn D.D. (Milton Ecclesia) 1564-1567.

Protested major resid. 2 Sept. 1564 (A/3/7 f. 37). Asked 24 Apr. 1567 for permission not to reside until 24 June because had become dean of Canterbury (ibid. f. 58). No further appearance in chapter.

John Aylmer M.A. (St. Martin in Dernestall and archdcn. of Lincoln; later Decem Librarum) 1564-1577.

Protested major resid. 9 Sept. 1564 (A/3/7 f. 88v). Bp. of London 1577. (fn. 1)

Michael Reniger M.A. (Stoke and chancellor; later Empingham and precentor, subdean) 1566-?

Protested major resid. 7 Sept. 1566 (A/3/7 f, 54v). Occ. in chapter regularly to 18 Sept. 1576 (A/3/8 f. 57).

John Bullingham D.D. (Louth and archdcn. of Huntingdon) 1568-?

Protested major resid. 11 Sept. 1568 (A/3/7 ff. 62v, 64). Occ. in chapter 19 Sept. (ibid. f. 66r-v), but not apparently later.

[28 Sept. 1570: Reniger (precentor, subdean and president of the chapter), Aylmer (archdcn. of Lincoln) and Todd (archdcn. of Bedford) (A/3/7 f. 67v) = 3]

Gregory Garth B.D. (Bedford Major, Stoke and chancellor) 1570-1605/6.

Protested major resid. 12 Aug. 1570 (A/3/7 f. 67r-v). Last occ. in chapter 7 Nov. 1605 (A/3/9 f. 45v). D. 7 Nov. 1605 × 17 Jan. 1606 (see Chancellors).

John Robinson M.A. (Welton Beckhall and precentor; later Caistor and archdcn. of Bedford) 1573-1598.

Attempted to protest major resid. 21 Sept. 1573, but opposed by Reniger (subdean) and Aylmer (archdcn. of Lincoln) who said that the custom was for the candidate to secure the nomination of the bp. and agreement of the chapter before protestation; successfully protested major resid. 2 Nov. (A/3/8 f. 51v). Last occ. in chapter 28 Jan. 1598 (ibid. f. 126v). D. 14 Feb. × 7 March (see Archdeacons of Bedford).

John Whitgift D.D. (dean; later Nassington) 1571-1577.

Abp. and bp. of Lincoln gr. him dispensation 30 June 1571 to receive profits of major resid. even if absent; chapter consented 25 Aug. 1575 (A/3/7 f. 78v). Protested major resid. (as preb. of Nassington) 3 Sept. (ibid.). Bp. of Worcester 1577. (fn. 1)

William Wickham B.D. (St. Botolph and dean) 1577-1584.

Protested major resid. 14 Sept. 1577 (A/3/7 f. 83). Bp. of Lincoln 1584.

William Cole D.D. (Bedford Major and archdcn. of Lincoln) 1579-1580.

Protested major resid. 19 Sept. 1579 (A/3/7 f. 86v). Sought grace 9 June 1580 because summoned to attend earls of Warwick and Leicester (ibid. ff. 87v-88).

[20 Sept. 1580: Wickham (dean), Robinson (precentor) and Garth (chancellor) (A/3/7 f. 88v) = 3]

John Barefoot D.D. (Thorngate and archdcn. of Lincoln; later Decem Librarum) 1582-1595.

Protested major resid. 17 Sept. 1582 (A/3/7 f. 93). Last occ. in chapter 26 June 1595 (ibid. f. 123). D. 26 July × 22 Aug. (see Archdeacons of Lincoln).

Ralph Griffin M.A. (St. Botolph and dean) 1585-1593.

Protested major resid. 7 Aug. 1585 and again 11 Dec. 1592 (A/3/7 ff. 98v, 116- 117). D. by 10 Dec. 1593 (see Deans).

On 12 Sept. 1589, the dean, precentor, chancellor and archdcn. of Lincoln passed a decree not to admit any residentiary over the number of four, and they refused to admit Henry Vaux (A/3/7 f. 107).

[21 Sept. 1590: Griffin (dean), Robinson (precentor), Garth (chancellor) and Barefoot (archdcn. of Lincoln) (A/3/7 f. 110v) = 4]

On 26 July 1591, Bp. Wickham procured the adm. of Henry Vaux, but promised thereafter to limit the number to four (A/3/7 ff. 111 v-112 (damaged)).

Henry Vaux M.A. (Sanctae Crucis) 1591-1591/2.

Protested major resid. 20 Sept. 1591 (A/3/7 f. 112v). Occ. in chapter 26 Oct. (ibid. f. 113), but d. 26 Oct. 1591 × 15 March 1592 (see Sanctae Crucis).

Michael Reniger D.D. (again) (Empingham and subdean) 1593-1609.

Protested major resid. 17 Sept. 1593 (A/3/7 f. 118). Occ. regularly, until lic. to be absent granted 19 June 1609 (A/3/9 f. 68v). D. 26 Aug. (see Subdeans).

Richard Clayton D.D. (Thorngate and archdcn. of Lincoln; later Decem Librarum, Leicester St. Margaret) 1596-1612.

Chapter received letter 20 Dec. 1595 from abp. of Canterbury asking for Clayton to be admitted to resid. (A/3/7 f. 123v). Protested major resid. 15 Sept. 1596 (ibid. f. 124v). Occ. regularly until 5 Oct. 1611 (A/3/9 f. 85v). D. by 11 May 1612 (see Archdeacons of Lincoln).

Roger Parker D.D. (Caistor, precentor and archdcn. of Bedford; later dean) 1598-1629.

Protested major resid. 11 Sept. 1598 (A/3/7 f. 127v). Occ. regularly. Dean 1613 and d. 29 Aug. 1629 (see Deans).

William Cole D.D. (Bedford Major and dean) 1599-1600.

Protested major resid. 1 Sept. 1599; opposed by Parker, Clayton and Reniger, but supported by Garth and 3 non-resid. canons (Wright, Diggles and Huddleston (A/3/9 ff. 6v-7). However, occ. regularly in chapter from 26 Sept. 1599 to 8 June 1600 (ibid. ff. 10-11v). D. 31 Aug. × 14 Sept. 1600 (see Deans).

[22 Sept. 1600: Parker (precentor), Reniger (subdean), Garth (chancellor) and Clayton (archdcn. of Lincoln) (A/3/9 f. 11v) = 4]

Lawrence Staunton D.D. (Centum Solidorum and dean) 1601-1613.

Bp. Chaderton wrote to the chapter 8 June 1601 that the ruling of 26 July 1591 that there should be only four resid. was not intended to exclude the dean; he desired them to admit him to resid. (A/3/9 f. 18v). The chapter agreed s.d., provided that he had a preb. (ibid. ff. 14v-15v). Staunton instal. as preb. of Centum Solidorum 4 Aug.; protested major resid. 5 Aug. (ibid. f. 20). D. 17 Sept. 1613 (see Deans).

Richard Turswell B.D. (Louth) 1602-1610.

Protested major resid. 12 Sept. 1599, but chapter declared this unlawful 17 Sept. (A/3/9 ff. 8v, 9v). Abp. pronounced in his favour 19 Dec. 1601; occ. in chapter 10 May 1602 (ibid. f. 22v). Occ. regularly to 30 Apr. 1610 (ibid. f. 75); d. 30 Apr. × 7 July (see Louth).

George Eland B.D. (Stoke, chancellor and archdcn. of Bedford) 1606-1631.

Protested major resid. 8 Sept. 1606 (A/3/9 f. 45). Occ. regularly. Declared 23 Sept. 1620 that he could not continue major resid. because of ill health and the cure of his benefice; agreed that he should reside for 15 weeks and still receive full emoluments of resid. (ibid. f. 144r-v). Continued to occ. regularly to d. by 23 Sept. 1631 (see Chancellors).

[17 Sept. 1610: Staunton (dean), Parker (precentor), Eland (chancellor) and Clayton (archdcn. of Lincoln) (A/3/9 f. 77) = 4]

John Hills D.D. (Langford Ecclesia and archdcn. of Stow; later archdcn. of Lincoln) 1610-1626.

Protested major resid. 15 Sept. 1610 (A/3/9 f. 77). Occ. regularly. Declared 23 Sept. 1620 that he could not continue major resid. because of his duties as Master of St. Catherine's, Cambridge, and the cure of his benefice in Ely diocese; agreed that he should reside for 10 weeks and still receive full emoluments of resid. (ibid. f. 144r-v). Continued to occ. regularly to d. 18 Sept. × 25 Nov. 1626 (see Archdeacons of Lincoln).

Robert Newell B.D. (Clifton, subdean and archdcn. of Buckingham) 1614-1642.

Protested major resid. 11 Aug. 1614 (A/3/9 f. 102). Occ. regularly. Declared 23 Sept. 1620 that he could not continue major resid. because of his duties as a can. of Westminster and the cure of his benefices in Herts.; agreed that he should reside for 10 weeks and still receive full emoluments of resid. (ibid, f. 144r-v). Continued to occ. regularly to end of pre-Restoration records in chapter of 13 Sept. 1640 (A/3/9 f. 205). D. 21 June 1642 (see Clifton).

John Williams B.D. (Asgarby and precentor; later bp.) 1614-1641.

Protested major resid. 7 Sept. 1614 (A/3/9 f. 102v). Declared 23 Sept. 1620 that he could not continue major resid. because now dean of Westminster; agreed that he should reside for 10 weeks but still receive full emoluments of resid. (ibid. f. 144r-v). Bp. of Lincoln 1621. Occ. in chapter (as preb. of Asgarby) 17 Sept. 1632 and called a can. resid. 27 March 1635 (ibid. ff. 176v, 184v). Trans. to York 1641.

[23 Sept. 1620: Parker (dean), Williams (precentor), Eland (chancellor), Hills (archdcn. of Lincoln) and Newell (subdean) (A/3/9 f. 144) = 5]

John Beridge D.D. (Thorngate and precentor) 1622-1632.

Protested major resid. 13 Dec. 1622 (sic) (A/3/9 f. 150). Occ. regularly to d. 12 May 1632 (see Precentors).

Morgan Wynne B.D. (Brampton and archdcn. of Lincoln) 1627-1644.

Protested major resid. 15 Sept. 1627 (A/3/9 f. 165). Occ. regularly to end of preRestoration records in chapter of 13 Sept. 1640 (ibid. f. 205). D. by 24 Aug. 1644 (see Archdeacons of Lincoln).

[20 Sept. 1630: Beridge (precentor), Wynne (archdcn. of Lincoln) and Newell (subdean) + Topham (dean) and Eland (chancellor), both absent (A/3/9 f. 172v) = 5]

Anthony Topham D.D. (Welton Paynshall and dean) ?-1655.

No protestation of major resid. registered, but occ. in chapter 17 Sept. 1632 (A/3/9 f. 176v) and regularly to end of pre-Restoration records in chapter of 13 Sept. 1640 (ibid. f. 205). D. 22 Oct. 1655 (see Deans).

Robert Meres B.D. (Stoke and chancellor) 1632-1652.

Protested major resid. 15 Sept. 1632 (A/3/9 f. 176). Occ. regularly to end of preRestoration records in chapter of 13 Sept. 1640 (ibid. f. 205). D. 7 Nov. 1652 (see Chancellors).

Hamlet Marshall D.D. (South Scarle and precentor; later Kilsby) 1632-1653.

Protested major resid. 15 Sept. 1632 (A/3/9 f. 176). Occ. regularly to end of preRestoration records in chapter of 13 Sept. 1640 (ibid. f. 205). D. c. July 1652 × 25 Sept. 1653 (see Precentors).

[13 Sept. 1640: Topham (dean), Marshall (precentor), Meres (chancellor), Wynne (archdcn. of Lincoln) and Newell (subdean) (A/3/9 f. 205) = 5]

All the canons residentiary died during the Interregnum. On 12 July 1660, Richard Blow (Welton Beckhall) installed the new chancellor, and on 23 Aug., he with Henry Wilson (South Scarle) and later the same day Vere Harcourt (Corringham) installed the subdean and five prebendaries (A/3/9 f. 207r-v). Henry Wilson, Stephen Luddington (archdcn. of Stowe) and John Coope (Stoke) performed other installations, 1-24 Sept., including those of the new archdcn. of Lincoln and precentor (ibid. ff. 208-10). On 18 Oct., the precentor, subdean and archdcn. of Lincoln are said to be a chapter (ibid. f. 212). After 26 Nov., when the dean and chancellor were installed as prebendaries, the chapter consisted of these five (ibid. ff. 214v-215). No protestations of major residence are recorded. However, the archdcn. of Lincoln, Raphael Throckmorton, did not succeed in establishing his right to major residence.

Robert Mapletoft D.D. (Clifton and subdean) 1660-1671.

Occ. in chapter 18 Oct. 1660 (A/3/9 f. 212). Dean of Ely 1667; protested minor resid. 29 Aug. 1668, but chapter refused to accept it, because he had performed only 8 years' resid. instead. of a minimum of 14 (ibid. ff. 262v-263). Renounced resid. 13 Sept. 1671 (A/3/11 f. 7v).

[Raphael Throckmorton D.D. (Sexaginta Solidorum and archdcn. of Lincoln) 1660-1661.]

Occ. in chapter 18 Oct. 1660, but does not seem to be included in a chapter 2 Feb. 1661 (A/3/9 ff. 212, 218). A case before Bp. Sanderson in London 31 March revealed that Throckmorton had been refused major resid. by others in the chapter because this would bring the number of canons over 4; the bp. confirmed that this action was correct and that the number of 4 was to be exceeded only when it would mean excluding a dean (ibid. ff. 225-226v).

John Featley or Fairclough B.D. (Scamblesby and precentor) 1660-1667.

Occ. in chapter 18 Oct. 1660 (A/3/9 f. 212). D. by 3 March 1667 (see Precentors).

John Pulleyn B.D. (Stoke and chancellor, also All Saints in Hungate) 1660- 1670.

Occ. in chapter 26 Nov. 1660 (A/3/9 f. 215). D. 16 Apr. 1670 (see Chancellors).

Michael Honywood D.D. (Welton Paynshall and dean) 1660-1681.

Occ. in chapter 26 Nov. 1660 (A/3/9 f. 215). D. 7 Sept. 1681 (see Deans).

Thomas Lany B.D. (Kilsby and precentor; also Aylesbury) 1667-1669.

Protested major resid. 5 Oct. 1667 (prevented by illness from doing it before feast of Exaltation of the Cross (14 Sept.)) (A/3/9 f. 259). Occ. in chapter 25 Feb. 1668 (ibid. f. 260). D. 2 Oct. 1669 (see Precentors).

William Wyatt B.D. (Kilsby and precentor; also Liddington) 1670-1682.

Protested major resid. 7 May 1670 (A/3/9 f. 269r-v). Res. precentorship 21 Feb. 1682 (see Precentors).

Samuel Fuller B.D. (Stoke and chancellor; later dean and Welton Paynshall) 1670-1700.

Protested major resid. 27 Aug. 1670 (A/3/10 f. 2v). Dean 1695. D. 4 March 1700 (see Deans).

[19 Sept. 1670: Honywood (dean), Wyatt (precentor), Fuller (chancellor) and Mapletoft (subdean) (A/3/11 f. 4) = 4]

James Gardiner senior D.D. (Stow St. Mary and subdean) 1671-1695.

Protested major resid. 18 Sept. 1671 (A/3/11 f. 8v). Bp. of Lincoln 1695.

[20 Sept. 1680: Honywood (dean), Wyatt (precentor), Fuller (chancellor) and Gardiner (subdean) (A/3/11 f. 72) = 4]

Daniel Brevint D.D. (Welton Paynshall and dean) 1682-1695.

Protested major resid. 17 Jan. 1682 (A/3/11 f. 87v). D. 5 May 1695 (see Deans).

John Inett M.A. (Kilsby and precentor) 1682-1718.

Protested major resid. 5 Aug. 1682 (A/3/11 ff. 90v-91). D. 4 March 1718 (see Precentors).

[25 Sept. 1690: Brevint (dean), Fuller (chancellor) and Gardiner (subdean) + Inett (precentor), absent (A/3/11 f. 131v) = 4]

John Knighton D.D. (Dunham and Newport and subdean) 1695-1704.

Protested major resid. 16 Sept. 1695 (A/3/11 f. 182v). D. 12 Feb. 1704 (see Subdeans).

John Mandeville D.D. (Stoke and chancellor; later archdcn. of Lincoln) 1696- 1725.

Protested major resid. 24 Jan. 1696 (A/3/11 f. 194). D. 21 Jan. 1725 (see Chancellors).

Abraham Campion D.D. (Leighton Buzzard and dean) 1700-1701.

Protested major resid. 29 Apr. 1700 (A/3/11 f. 231r-v). Further protestation 14 Oct. (ibid. f. 234v). D. 21 Nov. 1701 (see Deans).

[16 Sept. 1700: Inett (precentor) and Mandeville (chancellor) + Knighton (subdean), absent (A/3/11 f. 233v-234v) = 3]

Richard Willis D.D. (Welton Paynshall and dean) 1702-1721.

Protested major resid. 15 Apr. 1702 (A/3/11 f. 254). Bp. of Gloucester 1715, but held preb. and deanery in commendam until trans. to Salisbury 1721.

James Gardiner junior M.A. (Asgarby and subdean) 1706-1732.

Protested major resid. 11 Sept. 1706 (A/3/13 p. 4). D. 24 or 25 March 1732 (see Subdeans).

[18 Sept. 1710: Willis (dean), Inett (precentor), Mandeville (chancellor) and Gardiner (subdean) (A/3/13 p. 43) = 4]

David Trimnel D.D. (Kilsby and precentor) 1718-1756.

Protested major resid. n.d. June 1718 (A/3/13 pp. 106-7). (fn. 1) D. 18 May 1756 (see Precentors).

[19 Sept. 1720: Willis (dean), Trimnel (precentor), Mandeville (chancellor) and Gardiner (subdean) (A/3/13 p. 118) = 4]

Edward Gee D.D. (Welton Paynshall and dean) 1722-1730.

Protested major resid, 30 May 1722 (A/3/13 pp. 141-2). Royal dispensation from resid. on account of illhealth received by chapter 8 Apr. 1729 (ibid. p. 204). At audit of 17 Sept. the chapter disagreed as to whether he should be allowed a share in the residentiaries' distribution and the accounts were not passed (ibid. pp. 207-8); after an episcopal visitation in Oct., Bp. Reynolds decreed that he should not be regarded as a residentiary and should not receive profits (Reg. XXXVIII, visitation quire). Gee d. 1 March 1730 (see Deans).

Joseph Nicholson M.A. (Stoke and chancellor) 1725-1728.

Protested major resid. 20 Feb. 1725 (A/3/13 pp. 162-4). D. 9 Sept. 1728 (see Chancellors).

Charles Reynolds M.A. (Stoke and chancellor) 1728-1766.

Protested major resid. 12 Nov. 1728 for current year (A/3/13 p. 200). D. 5 Oct. 1766 (see Chancellors).

Edward Willes D.D. (Welton Paynshall and dean; later Milton Ecclesia) 1730- 1743.

Protested major resid. 16 May 1730 (A/3/13 p. 211). Cons. bp. of St. Davids 2 Jan. 1743, but held deanery in commendam until trans. to Bath and Wells in Dec.

[21 Sept. 1730: Trimnel (precentor) and Reynolds (chancellor) + Gardiner (subdean) ill and dean (Willes), not yet begun resid. (A/3/13 p. 214) = 4]

George Reynolds LL.D. (Brampton and subdean) 1732-1769.

Protested major resid. 26 Apr. 1732 for rest of current year and for future, according to Bp. Reynolds's interpretation of the statutes (A/3/13 pp. 234-5). Further protestation 1 Nov. (ibid. p. 252). (fn. 2) D. 6 June 1769 (see Subdeans).

[15 Sept. 1740: Willes (dean), Trimnel (precentor) and Charles Reynolds (chancellor) + George Reynolds (subdean, absent (A/3/13 p. 334) = 4]

Thomas Cheyney D.D. (Milton Ecclesia and dean) 1744-1748.

Protested major resid. 29 March 1744 (A/3/13 p. 366). (fn. 1) Res. 22 March 1748 on becoming dean of Winchester (see Deans).

William George D.D. (Thorngate and dean) 1748-1756.

Protested major resid. 10 Sept. 1748 (A/3/13 p. 403-4). D. 22 Sept. 1756 (see Deans).

[17 Sept. 1750: George (dean), Trimnel (precentor), Charles Reynolds (chancellor) and George Reynolds (subdean) (A/3/13 p. 423) = 4]

John Green D.D. (Thorngate and dean) 1756-1761.

Protested major resid. 10 Aug. 1757 (A/3/14 f. 117v-l 18). Bp. of Lincoln 1761.

William Richardson D.D. (Kilsby and precentor) 1760-1775.

Protested major resid. 22 March 1760 (A/3/14 f. 136r-v). D. 14 March 1775 (see Precentors).

[15 Sept. 1760: Green (dean) and Charles Reynolds (chancellor) + George Reynolds (subdean) absent and Richardson (precentor) not yet begun resid. (A/3/14 f. 140) = 3]

Hon. James Yorke M.A. (Thorngate and dean) 1762-1781.

Protested major resid. 13 Feb. 1762 (A/5/15 pp. 5-6). Bp. of St. Davids 1774, but royal lic. 9 June to hold deanery in commendam; trans. to Gloucester 1779; trans. to Ely 1781 and res. deanery by 3 Sept. (see Deans).

George Stinton D.D. (Stoke and chancellor) 1766-1783.

Protested major resid. 15 Nov. 1766 (A/3/15 pp. 52-3). D. 30 Apr. 1783 (see Chancellors).

Robert Dowbiggin M.A. (Welton Brinkhall and subdean; later Leighton Buzzard) 1769-1794.

Protested major resid. 26 Aug. 1769 (A/3/15 pp. 81-2). D. 19 Nov. 1794 (see Subdeans).

[17 Sept. 1770: Richardson (precentor) and Stinton (chancellor) + Yorke (dean) and Dowbiggin (subdean), both absent (A/3/15 p. 93) = 4]

John Gordon D.D. (Kilsby and precentor) 1775-1793.

Protested major resid. 13 May 1775 (A/3/15 pp. 146-8). D. 4 Jan. 1793 (see Precentors).

[18 Sept. 1780: Stinton (chancellor), Dowbiggin (subdean) and Gordon (precentor) + Yorke (dean), absent (A/3/15 p. 214) = 4]

Richard Cust D.D. (Thorngate and dean) 1782-1783.

Protested major resid. 6 Apr. 1782 (A/3/15 pp. 229-30). D. 16 Oct. 1783 (see Deans).

John Smith D.D. (Stoke and chancellor) 1783-1795.

Protested major resid. 7 June 1783 (A/3/15 pp. 246-7). D. 17 June 1795 (see Chancellors).

Richard Kaye D.C.L. (Thorngate and dean) 1783-1809.

Protested major resid. 13 Dec. 1783 (A/3/15 pp. 260-1). D. 25 Dec. 1809 (see Deans).

[20 Sept. 1790: Gordon (precentor) and Smith (chancellor) + Kaye (dean) and Dowbiggin (subdean), both absent (A/3/16 p. 9) = 4]

John Pretyman M.A. (Kilsby and precentor) 1793-1817.

Protested major resid. 16 Feb. 1793 (A/3/16 pp. 40-1). Protested major resid. again 15 Sept. 1810 (ibid. pp. 279-80). D. 5 June 1817 (see Precentors).

William Paley M.A. (Crackpole St. Mary and subdean) 1795-1805.

Protested major resid. 24 Jan. 1795 (A/3/16 pp. 75-6). D. 25 May 1805 (see Subdeans).

Thomas King D.D. (Stoke and chancellor) 1795-1801.

Protested major resid. 14 Aug. 1795 (A/3/16 p. 87). D. 29 July 1801 (see Chancellors).

[15 Sept. 1800: Kaye (dean) and King (chancellor) + Pretyman (precentor) and Paley (subdean), both absent (A/3/16 p. 142) = 4]

Robert Wharton M.A. (Stoke and chancellor) 1801-1808.

Protested major resid. 5 Sept. 1801 (A/3/16 p. 154). D. 29 Jan. 1808 (see Chancellors).

Henry Vincent Bayley M.A. (Crackpole St. Mary and subdean) 1805-1828.

Protested major resid. 6 July 1805 (A/3/16 pp. 193-4). Res. 30 June 1828 on becoming canon of Westminster (see Subdeans).

Thomas Brand M.A. (Stoke and chancellor) 1808-1814.

Protested major resid. 19 March 1808 (A/3/16 pp. 228-9). Res. 12 Apr. 1814 (see Chancellors).

George Gordon D.D. (Decem Librarum and dean) 1810-1845.

Protested major resid. 17 March 1810 (A/3/16 pp. 264-5); protest defective, so repeated 17 Sept. (ibid. p. 285). D. 2 Aug. 1845 (see Deans).

[17 Sept. 1810: Pretyman (precentor), Bayley (subdean) and Brand (chancellor) + Gordon (dean), not yet in residence (A/3/16 p. 286) = 4]

George Thomas Pretyman (Stoke and chancellor) 1814-1859.

Protested major resid. 23 Apr. 1814 (A/3/17 pp. 26-7). D. 23 June 1859 (see Chancellors).

Richard Pretyman M.A. (Kilsby and precentor) 1817-1866.

Protested major resid. 21 June 1817 (A/3/17 pp. 65-6). D. 25 March 1866 (see Precentors).

[18 Sept. 1820: Gordon (dean) and George Thomas Pretyman (chancellor = Bayley (subdean) and Richard Pretyman (precentor), both absent (A/3/17 p. 111) = 4]

Lord John Thynne M.A. (Crackpole St. Mary and subdean) 1828-1831.

Protested major resid. 5 July 1828 (A/3/17 pp. 210-11). Res. 24 Aug. 1831 (see Subdeans).

[20 Sept. 1830: Gordon (dean) and George Thomas Pretyman (chancellor) + Thynne (subdean) and Richard Pretyman (precentor), both absent (A/3/17 p. 238) = 4]

Thomas Manners-Sutton M.A. (Crackpole St. Mary and subdean) 1831-1844.

Protested major resid. 27 Aug. 1831 (A/3/17 pp. 251-2). D. 27 Oct. 1844 (see Subdeans).

[21 Sept. 1840: George Thomas Pretyman (chancellor) and Manners-Sutton (subdean) + Gordon (dean) and Richard Pretyman (precentor), both absent (A/3/17 p. 365) = 4]

Charles Goddard D.D. (subdean and 3rd canon resid.) 1845-1848.

Protested major resid. 8 Feb. 1845 (A/3/17 p. 422; cf. Lond. Gaz. no. 20433 for temporary financial arrangements in the light of 3 & 4 Vic. c. 113 and 4 & 5 Vic. c. 39). D. 21 Jan. 1848 (see Subdeans).

Henry Kaye Bonney (archdcn. of Lincoln and 4th canon resid.) 1845-1862.

Pres. by bp. 24 Feb. 1845 to the 4th canonry, in accordance with the act of 3 & 4 Vic. c. 113 ss. 17, 33, 35 and Order in Council of 13 Jan. 1845; accepted by chapter 25 Feb. (A/3/17 pp. 423-4; Lond. Gaz. no. 20433). D. 24 Dec. 1862 (see Archdeacons of Lincoln).

John Giffard Ward M.A. (dean (fn. 1) ) 1845-1860.

Protested major resid. 1 Nov. 1845 (A/3/17 p. 434). D. 28 Feb. 1860 (see Deans).

James Amiraux Jeremie M.A. (subdean and 3rd canon resid.) 1848-1864.

Protested major resid. 1 July 1848 (A/3/17 pp. 488-9). Dean of Lincoln 1864.

[16 Sept. 1850: Richard Pretyman (precentor), Jeremie (subdean) and Bonney (archdcn. of Lincoln) + Ward (dean) and George Thomas Pretyman (chancellor), both absent (A/3/17 p. 501) = 5]

The provisions of the acts of 3 & 4 Vic. c. 113 and 4 & 5 Vic. c. 39 were not fully carried out in relation to the chapter of Lincoln until the death of Richard Pretyman (precentor) 26 March 1866.

Footnotes

1. From the seventeen-twenties, the dean, precentor, chancellor and subdean would normally protest their major residence immediately after their installation for residence the following Michaelmas (see references in lists below).
2. Lincoln Cath. Statutes III 566.
3. CA 1536-47 pp. 29-30.
4. Valor IV 14.
5. Lincoln Cath. Statutes III 597-601, 628.
6. A/3/13 p. 290.
1. Paid his share of the common fund as a resid. until his cons. (A/3/8 f. 59r-v).
1. Paid his share of the common fund as a resid. until his cons. (A/3/8 f. 59r-v).
1. His invitation to his fellow-canons to break bread with him was for 7 Apr. 1719 (A/3/13 p. 107).
1. The chancellor, Charles Reynolds, accepted his father's interpretation of the statutes and his brother's protestation; Willes (dean) and Trimnel (precentor), who were both absent, did not consent (A/3/13 pp. 234-5).
2. On 26 Jan. 1733, Reynolds asked the chapter how many days above 104 were regarded as necessary for major resid. (ibid. pp. 252, 255).
1. His invitation to his fellow-canons to break bread with him was for 29 May 1745 (A/3/13 p. 366).
1. By the act of 4 & 5 Vic. c. 39 s. 5, it was not longer necessary for a dean to hold a prebend to qualify for resid.


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