Bishops

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Institute of Historical Research

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Joyce M. Horn

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1996

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9-15

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'Bishops', Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1541-1857: volume 8: Bristol, Gloucester, Oxford and Peterborough dioceses (1996), pp. 9-15. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=35301 Date accessed: 25 July 2014.


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BISHOPS OF BRISTOL

[Henry Holbeche or Rands (fn. 1) Suffragan Bp. of Bristol (Worcester dioc.) 1538-1544.

Pres. by king 22 March 1538, one of two nominated by Hugh Latimer, bp. of Worcester, as his suffragan, in accordance with Stat. 26 Hen. VIII (L. & P. XIII i no. 646 (2)). Cons. 24 March (Lamb., Reg. Cranmer ff. 214v-215). Bp. of Rochester 1544.

Paul Bushe (fn. 1) B.A. 1542-1554.

Apptd. by king in foundation charter 4 June 1542 (L. & P. XVII no. 443 (9)). Royal mand. 16 June to abp. of Canterbury for cons.; cons. 25 June (Lamb., Reg. Cranmer f. 284v). Depriv. March 1554 as married (fn. 2) (C.P.R. 1553-4 p. 175; C.P.R. 1554-5 p. 7). (fn. 3)

John Holyman D.D. 1554-1558.

Congé d'élire 19 March 1554 (C.P.R. 1553-4 p. 7); another 25 Oct. (C.P.R. 1554-5 p. 7). El. 7 Nov. (Ep./A/10/1/1 p. 89). Royal assent to el. 10 Nov. (C.P.R. 1554-7 p. 7). Commission 16 Nov. from dean and chapter of Canterbury sede vacante to bp. of London for cons. of Holyman, bp.-elect and confirmed; cons. 18 Nov. by bps. of London, Norwich and Bath and Wells (Canterbury, Reg. N ff. 34-36v; Diary of Henry Machyn, ed. J.G. Nichols (Camden Soc., xlii, 1847) p. 75). Temps. 28 Nov. (C.P.R. 1554-5 p. 7). Papal provision 21 June 1555 (Hierarchia Catholica III 155). D. 5 June 1558 (Ep./A/10/1/1/p. 89).

See vacant 3 years.

Richard Cheyney B.D. 1562-1579. Bp. of Gloucester.

Royal lic. 29 Apr. 1562 to hold see of Bristol in commendam with Gloucester (Reg. Parker III 952-6); gr. of spiritualities from abp. 3 May (ibid. pp. 946-7). (fn. 1) D. 25 Apr. 1579 (Survey of Cath. I 772, 778-9; Brit. Libr., Lansdowne MS. 981 f. 190/159).

John Bullingham D.D. 1581-1589. Bp. of Gloucester and Bristol. (fn. 1)

Congé d'élire (no name) 12 July 1581 to dean and chapter of Gloucester; royal assent 9 Aug. to el. of Bullingham (C.P.R. 1580-2 nos. 430, 432). Abp's conf. 1 Sept.; cons. 3 Sept. (Lamb., Reg. Grindal I ff. 66-71 v). Temps. 5 Apr. 1582 (C.P.R. 1580-2 no. 1274). Res. bpc. of Bristol by 23 Oct. 1589 (P.R.O., C 66/1353).

Richard Fletcher D.D. 1589-1593.

Congé d'élire 23 Oct. 1589 (P.R.O., C 66/1353). El. 13 Nov.; royal assent 4 Dec.; abp's conf. 12 Dec.; cons. 14 Dec. (Lamb., Reg. Whitgift I ff. 58-62v). Enthr. 13 June 1590 (Ep./A/10/1/1 p. 87b). Trans. to Worcester 1593.

See vacant 10 years.

John Thornborough D.D. 1603-1617.

Congé d'élire and letter missive 23 May 1603 for Thornborough, bp. of Limerick (P.R.O., C 66/1614). El. 30 May; royal assent 4 July; abp's conf. 12 July (Lamb., Reg. Whitgift III ff. 72v-79). Temps. 12 Aug. (P.R.O., C 66/1614). Enthr. 23 Aug. (Ep./A/10/1/1 p. 87b). Trans. to Worcester 1617.

Nicholas Felton D.D. 1617-1619.

Congé d'élire and letter missive 27 Feb. 1617 (P.R.O., C 66/2154). El. 4 March; royal assent 19 March; abp's conf. 13 Dec.; cons. 14 Dec. (Lamb., Reg. Abbot I ff. 91-8). Temps. 9 Jan. 1618 (P.R.O., C 66/2154). Enthr. by proxy 12 March (Ep./A/10/1/1 p. 87b). Trans. to Ely 1619.

Rowland Searchfield D.D. 1619-1622.

Congé d'élire and letter missive 12 March 1619 (P.R.O., C 66/2212). El. 18 March; royal assent 20 Apr.; abp's conf. 7 May; cons. 9 May (Lamb., Reg. Abbot II ff. 15v-24). Temps. 28 May (P.R.O., C 66/2212). Enthr. by proxy 16 June (Ep./A/10/1/1 p. 87a). D. 11 Oct. 1622 (m.i., Bristol cath.) (Survey of Cath. I 780).

Robert Wright D.D. 1623-1632.

El. 28 Jan. 1623; royal assent 14 March; abp's conf. 21 March; cons. 23 March (Lamb., Reg. Abbot II ff. 79v-85v). Temps. 4 Apr. (P.R.O., C 66/2321). Enthr. by proxy 5 May (Ep./A/10/1/1 p. 87a). Trans. to Coventry and Lichfield 1632.

George Coke (Cooke) D.D. 1633-1636.

Congé d'élire and letter missive n.d. Oct. 1632 (Cal. S.P. Dom. 1634-5 p. 612). El. 28 Nov.; royal assent 11 Jan. 1633; abp's conf. 6 Feb.; cons. 10 Feb. (Lamb., Reg. Abbot III ff. 84-90v). Enthr. by proxy 8 March (Ep./A/10/1/1 p. 87a). Trans. to Hereford 1636.

Robert Skinner D.D. 1637-1641.

Congé d'élire and letter missive 18 July 1636 (P.R.O., C 66/2729). El. 5 July (Ep./A/10/1/1 p. 87a) or 26 July; royal assent 23 Sept.; abp's conf. 14 Jan. 1637; cons. 15 Jan. (Lamb., Reg. Laud I ff. 62-7). Temps. 20 Jan. (P.R.O., C 66/2729). Enthr. by proxy 13 Feb. (Ep./A/10/1/1 p. 87a). Trans. to Oxford 1641.

Thomas Westfield D.D. 1642-1644.

Royal assent to el. 11 June 1642 (P.R.O., C 66/2904). Cons. 26 June (ibid., E 331 Cant./272). Temps. 9 Aug. (ibid., C 66/2904). D. 25 June 1644 (m.i., Bristol cath.) (Survey of Cath. I 781).

Thomas Howell D.D. 1644-1646.

Occ. as bp. 15 June 1646 (Hist. MSS. Comm., 6th Rept. app. p. 122). D. 1646 (Cambridge Univ. Libr., MS. 2953 f. 76v; Cal. S.P. Dom. 1660-1 p. 359). Buried Bristol cath. (Survey of Cath. I 781). (fn. 1)

Gilbert Ironside (fn. 1) D.D. 1661-1671.

Letter missive for Ironside 21 Nov. 1660; el. 30 Nov. (Ep./A/10/1/1 p. 87) or 1 Dec. (Cal. S.P. Dom. 1660-1 pp. 359, 400). Royal assent 11 Dec.; abp's conf. 24 Dec.; cons. 13 Jan. 1661 (Lamb., Reg. Juxon and Sheldon ff. 237v-245v). (fn. 2) Enthr. by proxy 17 Jan. (Ep./A/10/1/1 p. 87). Temps. 19 March (P.R.O., C 66/3000). D. 19 Sept. 1671 (Wood, Athenae Oxon. III 940 (fn. 3) ).

Guy Carleton D.D. 1672-1679.

Congé d'élire 12 Dec. 1671 (P.R.O., C 66/3129; DC/A/2/1/1). El. 20 Dec.; royal assent 9 Jan. 1672; abp's conf. 20 Jan.; cons. 11 Feb. (Lamb., Reg. Sheldon ff. 91-7). Enthr. by proxy 20 Feb. (Ep./A/10/1/1 p. 87). Temps. 23 Feb. (P.R.O., C 66/3135). Trans. to Chichester 1679.

William Gulston D.D. 1679-1684.

Congé d'élire 13 Jan. 1679 (P.R.O., C 66/3205, 3206). El. 17 Jan.; royal assent 1 Feb.; abp's conf. 6 Feb.; cons. 9 Feb. (Lamb., Reg. Sancroft ff. 16-23, 51). Temps. 20 Feb. (P.R.O., C 66/3212). D. 4 Apr. 1684 (Wood's Life and Times III 92; Ep./A/10/1/1 p. 87).

John Lake D.D. 1684-1685.

Congé d'élire 30 May 1684 (P.R.O., C 66/3242). Lake, bp. of Sodor and Man, el. 9 June; royal assent 4 July; abp's conf. 12 Aug. (Lamb., Reg. Sancroft ff. 85- 91). Trans. to Chichester 1685.

Sir Jonathan Trelawney Bart. D.D. 1685-1689.

Warrant 16 Oct. 1685 for congé d'élire and letter missive (Cal. S.P. Dom. 1685 no. 1746). El. 26 Oct.; royal assent 31 Oct.; abp's conf. 7 Nov.; cons. 8 Nov. (Lamb., Reg. Sancroft ff. 136-43). Bp. apptd. proxy for enthr. 12 Nov. (DC/A/2/2). Trans. to Exeter 1689.

Gilbert Ironside D.D. 1689-1691.

Warrant 28 March 1689 for congé d'élire and letter missive (Cal. S.P. Dom. 1689-90 p. 45). (fn. 1) Warrant 10 June for royal assent to el. (ibid. p. 144). Warrant 24 Oct. for temps. (Cal. S.P. Dom. 1689-90 p. 302). Cons. n.d. Nov. (Ep./A/10/1/1 p. 80). Trans. to Hereford 1691.

John Hall D.D. 1691-1709.

Warrant 12 June 1691 for congé d'élire and letter missive (Cal. S.P. Dom. 1690-1 p. 410); another warrant 31 July (ibid.). El. 13 Aug.; royal assent 26 Aug.; abp's conf. 29 Aug.; cons. 30 Aug. (Lamb., Reg. Tillotson ff. 76-84v). Warrant 7 Sept. for temps. (Cal. S.P. Dom. 1690-1 p. 512). D. 4 Feb. 1709 (m.i., Bromsgrove, Worcs.) (Survey of Cath. I 782-4).

John Robinson D.D. 1710-1714.

Warrant 19 Oct. 1710 for congé d'élire and letter missive (P.R.O., SP 44/150 p. 311). El. 30 Oct.; royal assent 13 Nov.; abp's conf. 17 Nov.; cons. 19 Nov. (Lamb., Reg. Tenison II ff. 58-65v). Warrant 20 Nov. for temps. (P.R.O., SP 44/150 pp. 314-15). Enthr. 27 Feb. 1711 (Ep./A/10/1/1 p. 79). Trans. to London 1714.

George Smalridge D.D. 1714-1719.

Warrant 13 March 1714 for congé d'élire and letter missive (P.R.O., SP 44/151 p. 206). Royal assent to el. 23 March; abp's conf. 1 Apr.; cons. 4 Apr. (Lamb., Reg. Tenison II ff. 119v-129). Warrant 4 Apr. for temps. (P.R.O., SP 44/151 p. 218). D. 27 Sept. 1719 (Hist. Reg. Chron. 1719, iv 37).

Hugh Boulter D.D. 1719-1724.

Warrant 15 Oct. 1719 for congé d'élire and letter missive (P.R.O., SP 44/150 p. 513). El. 2 Nov.; royal assent 7 Nov; abp's conf. 14 Nov.; cons. 15 Nov. (Lamb., Reg. Wake I ff. 58-65). Warrant 16 Nov. for temps. (P.R.O., SP 44/150 p. 516). Trans. to abpc. of Armagh 1724.

William Bradshaw D.D. 1724-1732.

Warrant 31 Aug. 1724 for congé d'élire and letter missive (Lond. Gaz. no. 6299). El. 21 Sept.; royal assent 12 Oct.; abp's conf. 17 Oct.; cons. 18 Oct. (Lamb., Reg. Wake I ff. 227v-237). Warrant 19 Oct. for temps. (P.R.O., SP 44/150 pp. 655-6). D. 16 Dec. 1732 (Gent. Mag. 1732, ii 1126).

Charles Cecil B.C.L., D.D. 1733-1734.

Congé d'élire and letter missive pubd. 6 Jan. 1733 (Lond. Gaz. no. 7158); congé issued 11 Jan. (P.R.O., C 209/5). El. 15 Jan.; royal assent 12 Feb.; abp's conf. 20 Feb.; cons. 25 Feb. (Lamb., Reg. Wake II ff. 110-118v). Temps. 13 March (P.R.O., C 209/5). Trans. to Bangor 1734.

Thomas Secker D.C.L. 1735-1737.

Congé d'élire and letter missive pubd. 27 Dec. 1734 (Lond. Gaz. no. 7362); congé issued 28 Dec. (P.R.O., C 209/7). El. 2 Jan. 1735; royal assent 9 Jan.; abp's conf. 18 Jan.; cons. 19 Jan. (Lamb., Reg. Wake II ff. 154v-164v). Temps. 17 Feb. (P.R.O., C 209/7). Trans. to Oxford 1737.

Thomas Gooch D.D. 1737-1738.

Congé d'élire and letter missive pubd. 21 May 1737 (Lond. Gaz. no. 7612); congé issued 23 May (P.R.O., C 209/7). El. 28 May; royal assent 6 June; abp's conf. 11 June; cons. 12 June (Lamb., Reg. Potter ff. 23v-33). Temps. 25 June (P.R.O., C 209/7). Trans. to Norwich 1738.

Joseph Butler D.C.L. 1738-1750.

Congé d'élire and letter missive pubd. 21 Oct. 1738; congé issued 2 Nov. (P.R.O., C 209/7). El. 6 Nov.; royal assent 24 Nov.; abp's conf. 1 Dec.; cons. 3 Dec. (Lamb., Reg. Potter ff. 60-9). Temps. 22 Dec. (P.R.O., C 209/7). Trans. to Durham 1750.

John Conybeare D.D. 1750-1755.

Congé d'élire and letter missive for Conybeare, dean of Christ Church, Oxford, pubd. 17 Nov. 1750 (Lond. Gaz. no. 9006); congé issued 27 Nov. (P.R.O., C 209/13). El. 30 Nov.; royal assent 14 Dec.; abp's conf. 22 Dec.; cons. 23 Dec. (Lamb., Reg. Herring ff. 132v-143v). Archdcn. of Canterbury's mand. 5 Jan. 1751 to dean and chapter for enthr. (DC/A/2/1/2). Temps. 26 Jan. (P.R.O., C 209/13). D. 13 July 1755 (Gent. Mag. 1755, xxv 333).

John Hume D.D. 1756-1758.

Congé d'élire issued 14 May 1756 (P.R.O., C 209/14); congé and letter missive pubd. 15 May (Lond. Gaz. no. 9582). El. 18 May; royal assent 28 May; abp's conf. 4 June; cons. 4 July (Lamb., Reg. Herring ff. 234-46). Temps. 22 July (P.R.O., C 209/14). Trans. to Oxford 1758.

Philip Yonge D.D. 1758-1761.

Congé d'élire and letter missive for Yonge, preb. of St. Paul's, pubd. 10 June 1758 (Lond. Gaz. no. 9798); congé issued 12 June (P.R.O., C 209/14; DC/A/2/1/3). El. 17 June; royal assent 24 June; abp's conf. 28 June; cons. 29 June (Lamb., Reg. Secker ff. 22-37). Temps. 10 July (P.R.O., C 209/14). Trans. to Norwich 1761.

Thomas Newton D.D. 1761-1782.

Congé d'élire and letter missive for Newton, canon of Westminster, pubd. 28 Nov. 1761 (Lond. Gaz. no. 10160); congé issued 3 Dec. (P.R.O., C 209/18; DC/A/2/1/4). El. 8 Dec.; royal assent 19 Dec.; abp's conf. 24 Dec.; cons. 28 Dec. (Lamb., Reg. Secker ff. 155-65). Temps. 22 Jan. 1762 (P.R.O., C 209/18). D. 14 Feb. 1782 (Gent. Mag. 1782, lii 95; ibid. 1786, lvi (2) 994).

Lewis Bagot D.C.L. 1782-1783.

Congé d'élire and letter missive for Bagot, dean of Christ Church, Oxford, pubd. 23 Feb. 1782 (Lond. Gaz. no. 12272); congé issued 2 March (P.R.O., C 209/19). El. 4 March; royal assent 25 March; abp's conf. 6 Apr.; cons. 7 Apr. (Lamb., Reg. Cornwallis ff. 344-54). Bp. apptd. proxy for enthr. 12 Apr.; enthr. by proxy n.d. (DC/A/2/1/5). Temps. 25 Apr. (P.R.O., C 209/19). Trans. to Norwich 1783.

Christopher Wilson D.D. 1783-1792.

Congé d'élire and letter missive for Wilson, canon resid. of St. Paul's, pubd. 14 June 1783 (Lond. Gaz. no. 12448); congé issued 18 June (P.R.O., C 209/20; DC/A/2/1/6). El. 21 June; royal assent 28 June; abp's conf. 4 July; cons. 6 July (Lamb., Reg. Moore ff. 44-53v). Temps. 15 July (P.R.O., C 209/20). Bp. apptd. proxy for enthr. s.d.; enthr. by proxy n.d. (DC/A/2/1/6). D. 18 Apr. 1792 (Gent. Mag. 1792, lxii (1) 391; Ep./A/1/2 f. 46).

Spencer Madan D.D. 1792-1794.

Congé d'élire and letter missive pubd. 5 May 1792 (Lond. Gaz. no. 13411); issued 7 May (P.R.O., IND 16816; DC/A/2/1/7). El. 12 May; royal assent 18 May; abp's conf. 26 May; cons. 3 June (Lamb., Reg. Moore ff. 249-59). Temps. 15 June (P.R.O., IND 16816). Trans. to Peterborough 1794.

Henry Reginald Courtenay D.C.L. 1794-1797.

Congé d'élire and letter missive issued 5 Apr. 1794 (P.R.O., IND 16816; DC/A/2/1/8); pubd. 8 Apr. (Lond. Gaz. no. 13638). El. 11 Apr.; royal assent 2 May; abp's conf. 8 May; cons. 11 May (Lamb., Reg. Moore ff. 303-313v). Bp. apptd. proxy for enthr. 12 May; enthr. by proxy n.d. (DC/A/2/1/8). Temps. 21 May (P.R.O., IND 16816). Trans. to Exeter 1797.

Folliott Herbert Walker Cornewall D.D. 1797-1803.

Congé d'élire issued 16 March 1797 (P.R.O., IND 16816); congé and letter missive for Cornewall, dean of Canterbury, pubd. 18 March (Lond. Gaz. no. 13992). El. 15 March; royal assent 31 March; abp's conf. 8 Apr.; cons. 9 Apr. (Lamb., Reg. Moore unnumbered folios between ff. 324 and 325, 325v). Temps. 28 Apr. (P.R.O., IND 16816). Trans. to Hereford 1803.

Hon. George Pelham D.D. 1803-1807.

Congé d'élire and letter missive pubd. 5 Feb. 1803 (Lond. Gaz. no. 15555); congé issued 12 Feb. (P.R.O., IND 16816; DC/A/2/1/9). El. 16 Feb.; royal assent 2 March; abp's conf. 19 March; cons. 27 March (Lamb., Reg. Moore ff. 427v-439v). Enthr. by proxy 4 Apr. (DC/A/2/1/9). Temps. 20 Apr. (P.R.O., IND 16816). Trans. to Exeter 1807.

John Luxmoore D.D. 1807-1808.

Congé d'élire and letter missive for Luxmoore, dean of Gloucester, pubd. 15 Aug. 1807 (Lond. Gaz. no. 16056); congé issued s.d. (P.R.O., IND 16816). El. 21 Aug.; royal assent 2 Sept.; abp's conf. 18 Sept.; cons. 4 Oct. (Lamb., Reg. Sutton I ff. 69v-80v). Bp. apptd. proxy for enthr. 11 Oct.; enthr. by proxy n.d. (DC/A/2/1/10). Temps. 27 Oct. (P.R.O., IND 16816). Trans. to Hereford 1808.

William Lort Mansel D.D. 1808-1820.

Congé d'élire and letter missive pubd. 23 Aug. 1808 (Lond. Gaz. no. 16173); issued 25 Aug. (P.R.O., IND 16816; DC/A/2/1/11). El. 3 Sept. 1808; royal assent 24 Sept.; abp's conf. 8 Oct.; cons. 30 Oct. (Lamb., Reg. Sutton I ff. 128v- 138). Bp. apptd. proxy for enthr. 10 Nov.; enthr. by proxy n.d. (DC/A/2/1/11). Temps. 24 Nov. (P.R.O., IND 16816). D. 27 June 1820 (Gent. Mag. 1820, xc (1) 637).

John Kaye D.D. 1820-1827.

Congé d'élire and letter missive pubd. 3 July 1820 (Lond. Gaz. no. 17612); congé issued 12 July (P.R.O., IND 16816; DC/A/2/1/12). El. 17 July; royal assent 24 July; abp's conf. 29 July; cons. 30 July (Lamb., Reg. Sutton I ff. 303v-311v). Enthr. by proxy 7 Aug. (DC/A/2/1/13 (sic)). Temps. 19 Aug. (P.R.O., IND 16816). Trans. to Lincoln 1827.

Robert Gray D.D. 1827-1834.

Congé d'élire and letter missive pubd. 2 March 1827 (Lond. Gaz. no. 18340); congé issued 3 March (P.R.O., IND 16816). El. 9 March; royal assent 12 March; abp's conf. 23 March; cons. 25 March (Lamb., Reg. Sutton I ff. 432- 438v). Temps. 18 May (P.R.O., IND 16816). Enthr. by proxy 28 May (DC/A/2/13). D. 28 Sept. 1834 (Gent. Mag. 1834, new ser. ii 645-7).

Joseph Allen D.D. 1834-1836.

Congé d'élire and letter missive pubd. 13 Oct. 1834 (Lond. Gaz. no. 19201); issued 20 Oct. (P.R.O., IND 16816; DC/A/2/14). El. 24 Oct.; royal assent 3 Nov.; abp's conf. 5 Dec.; cons. 7 Dec. (DC/A/8/5 p. 49; Lamb., Reg. Howley pp. 155-168). Instal. by proxy 19 Dec. (DC/A/8/5 p. 54). Temps. 22 Dec. (P.R.O., IND 16816). Trans. to Ely 1836.

Diocese of Bristol united with that of Gloucester by Order in Council 5 Oct. 1836, in accordance with Stat. 6 & 7 Will. IV c. 77 (Lond. Gaz. no. 19426; Ep./A/1/4). See James Henry Monk, Bishop of Gloucester and Bristol, below.

Footnotes

1. Formerly prior of Worcester (L. & P. XV nos. 866-7).]
1. Formerly prior of the house of Bonhommes, Edington, Wilts. (m.i., Bristol cath.) (Survey of Cath. I 778).
2. Although his wife had died 8 Oct. 1553 (m.i., Bristol cath.) (ibid. p. 771).
3. He died 11 Oct. 1558 (m.i., Bristol cath.) (ibid. p. 778).
1. Despite the gr. of the bpc. to the bp. of Gloucester in commendam, the abp. continued to perform institutions to Bristol dioc. as though sede vacante (Reg. Parker III 946-84, 1168-85; Lamb., Reg. Grindal II ff. 290v-344v, 580-1; ibid., Reg. Whitgift I ff. 277-95).
1. Cf. note to Richard Cheyney, above.
1. His m.i. says only 'Expergiscar'.
1. On the d. of Thomas Howell in 1646, Samuel Collins D.D. had been ineffectively nominated by the king to the bpc. of Bristol (Cambridge Univ. Libr., Add. MS. 2953 f. 76v). Le Neve-Hardy says that Richard Holdsworth, Master of Emmanuel College, Cambridge was offered it by the king, and subsequently Thomas Powell D.D. was nominated by Charles II in 1660, but refused it on account of illness; he d. 31 Dec. (Wood, Athenae Oxon. III 507-8); buried 1 Jan. 1661 (Corporation of London Records Office, MS. 10,345, PR St. Dunstan in the West). Evidence for these two nominations has not been found.
2. Wood: 'being wealthy, he was looked upon as the fittest person to enter upon that mean bishoprick' (Athenae Oxon. III 940).
3. Wood gives this date on the authority of Bishop Gilbert Ironside, junior.
1. Knightley Chetwood had been nominated by James II before his flight, but had declined (Boyer, Political State xix 459).


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