Anno Decimo sexto Caroli Regis.
DIE Lunæ, decimo tertio die Aprilis,
Serenissimi Domini nostri Caroli, Dei Gratia, Angliæ, Scotiæ, Franciæ, et Hiberniæ Regis, Fidei Defensoris,
etc. Decimo sexto, 1640, Domini tam Spirituales quam
Temporales, quorum nomina subscribuntur, præsentes
Præsens R E X.
|p. Carolus Princeps.
p. Archiepus. Cant.
p. Epus Dunelm.
p. Epus. Sarum.
p. Epus. Co. et Lich.
p. Epus. Glouc.
p. Epus. Exon.
p. Epus. Norwicen.
p. Epus. Asaphen.
p. Epus. Bath et Well.
p. Epus. Oxon.
p. Epus. Hereforden.
p. Epus. Elien.
p. Epus. Bristol.
p. Epus. Bangor.
p. Epus. Roffen.
p. Epus. Cicestren.
p. Epus. Petriburgen.
p. Epus. Landaven.
|p. Ds. Finch, Ds. Custos Magni Sigilli.
p. Epus. London, Ds. Thesaurar. Angliæ.
p. Comes Maunchester, Ds. Custos Privati Sigilli.
p. Marchio Winton.
p. Comes Lindsey, Mag. Camerarius Angliæ.
p. Comes Arundell et Surr Comes Mares. Angliæ.
p. Comes Northumbriæ, Magnus Admirall. Angliæ.
p. Comes Pembrooke, Camerarius Hospitii.
p. Comes Derbiæ.
p. Comes Huntingdon.
p. Comes Bath.
p. Comes South'ton.
p. Comes Bedford.
p. Comes Hartford.
p. Comes Essex.
p. Comes Lincolne.
p. Comes Sarum.
p. Comes Bridgwater.
p. Comes Warwiciæ.
p. Comes Devon.
p. Comes Cantabr.
p. Comes March.
p. Comes Carlile.
p. Comes Bristoll.
p. Comes Holland.
p. Comes Clare.
p. Comes Bollingbrooke.
p. Comes Berkes.
p. Comes Cleveland.
p. Comes Danby.
p. Comes Monmouth.
p. Comes Newcastle.
p. Comes Dover.
p. Comes Petriburg.
p. Comes Newporte.
p. Comes Thanett.
p. Comes St. Albanes.
p. Comes Portland.
Vicecomes Say et Seale.
p. Vicecomes Camden.
p. Ds. Mowbray.
p. Ds. Awdley.
p. Ds. Strange.
p. Ds. Barkley.
p. Ds. Morley et Mont.
p. Ds. Stourton.
p. Ds. Wharton.
p. Ds. Willoughby de Par.
p. Ds. Pagett.
p. Ds. North.
p. Ds. Stanhope.
Ds. Arundell de War.
p. Ds. Kymbolton.
p. Ds. Newenham Pad.
p. Ds. Mountague de Ba.
p. Ds. Grey de Wark.
p. Ds. Roberts.
p. Ds. Fawconbridge.
p. Ds. Lovelace.
p. Ds. Pawlett.
p. Ds. Harvy.
p. Ds. Maynard.
p. Ds. Coventry.
p. Ds. Howard de Escr.
p. Ds. Goringe.
p. Ds. Mohun.
p. Ds. Savill.
p. Ds. Dunsmore.
p. Ds. Herbert de Cher.
p. Ds. Cottington.
THE King, being arrayed in His Regal Robes,
ascended His Royal Throne; the Prince sitting on His
Majesty's Left Hand, near the State, appareled in his
Robes; commanded the House of Commons to be called
in; which being done, His Majesty made a short Speech
to the Lords Spiritual and Temporal assembled in the
High Court of Parliament, being all in then Robes,
and to the House of Commons, as followeth :
"My Lords, and Gentlemen,
"There was never a King that had a more grea and
weighty Cause to call His People together than Myself. I will not trouble you with the Particulars; I
have informed My Lord Keeper, and commanded
him to speak; and desire your Attention."
Lord Keepers Speech.
"My Lords, and you the Knights, Citizens, and
Burgesses of the House of Commons,
"You are here this Day assembled, by His Majesty's
Gracious Writ and Royal Command, to hold a Par
liament, the general, ancient, and greatest Council
of this Renowned Kingdom. By you, as by a select
and choice Abstract, the whole Kingdom is presented
to His Majesty's Royal View, and made happy in the
beholding of His Excellent and Sacred Person, all of
you, not only the Prelates, Nobles, and Grandees,
but, in your Persons that are of the House of Com
mons, every one, even the meanest, of His Majesty's
Subjects, are graciously allowed to participate and
share in the Honour of those Councils that concern
the great and weighty Affairs of this Kingdom. You
come all armed with the Votes and Suffiages of the
whole Nation; and I assure myself that your Hearts
are filled with that zealous and humble Affection to
His Majesty's Person and Government, that so just,
so pious, and Gracious a King hath Reason to expect
from all His Subjects. I doubt not but you rejoice
at this Day's Meeting; and methinks you should do
so too; and good Reason you have so to do, and
with all Humbleness of Heart to acknowledge the
great Goodness of His Majesty, who, sequestering the
Memory of all former Discouragements in preceding
Assemblies, is now, out of a Fatherly Affection to His
People, and a Confidence that they will not be failing in their Duty to Him, pleased graciously to invite
you, and all His loving Subjects, to a Sacred Unity
of Hearts, and Affection in the Service of Him and
of the Commonwealth; and in Execution of those
Counsels that tend only to the Honour of His Majesty,
and to the good Preservation of you all. His Majesty's
Kingly Resolutions are seated in the Ark of His Sacred Breast; and it were a Presumption of too high
a Nature for any Uzzah, uncalled, to touch it; yet
His Majesty is now pleased to lay by the shining
Berms of Majesty, as Phæbus did for Phaeton, that
the Distance between Sovereignty and Subjection
should not bar you of that Filial Freedom of Access
to His Person and Counsel; only let us beware how,
with the Son of Clymene, we aim at the guiding of the
Chariot, as if that were the only Testimony of Fa
therly Affection; and let us ever remember, that,
though the King sometimes lays by the Beams and
Rays of Majesty, He never lays by Majesty itself
In former Parliaments, you have been advised, for
the preventing and diverting of those Dangers, which
by Foreign and more remote Counsels might have
tended to the Ruin and to the Dishonour of this Nation; therein His Majesty's great Wisdom and Providence hath, for many Years, eased you of that Trouble; His Majesty having, with great Judgement and
Prudence, not only foreseen and prevented our Dan
gers, but kept up the Honour and Splendour of the
English Crown; of which we all at this Day find a
happy and comfortable Experience; Almighty God
having vouchsafed such Success to His Majesty's Counsels, that tour Fleet is dry, when it rains Blood in all
the neighbouring States. But what avails this the
Kingdom? Styforis hostem non inoeniat, domi invenient.
You are now summoned to Counsels and Resolutions
that more nearly concern you, to prevent a Danger and
Dishonour that knocl s as our Gates; and that mo
from such from whom we had little Reason to suspect
it. It is well known upon what happy and solid
Counsels one of our wisest Kings made a Match with
Scotland for his eldest Daughter; we cannot forget
(I am sure we should not) the Blessed Success that
waited upon those Counsers, when the Cross of
England was settled upon King James (of Ever-blesled
and Famous Memory), who, with the Fulness of Joy
to all true English Hearts, made His Entry here by
Blood, and not by Bloodshed The Wall of Separation
was thereby taken away; and that Glorious King,
to make His Word good, Facram eos in gentem unam,
made all England rejoice; and Scotland, I am sure
had no Reason to be sorry for it; they participated of
English Honours; the Wealth and Honour of this
Nation they shared in, and no good Thing was withholden from them, such was the Largeness of the
Heart of that most Excellent King, and such was the
Comfort we took in this Fraternity, or rather Unity,
when now both of us had but one Brazen Wall of
Fortification to look to, the Sea; and all Thing. so
equally and evenly carried between us, that,
"Tros Tyriusque mihi ruilo discrimine habentur.
"His Majesty, our most Gracious Sovereign, became
Hen as well to His Fathers Virtues as His Kingdoms,
"Pacatumque regit patriis artutibus orbem.
"And His tender and gracious Affection to that Nation
hath given as many indulgent Testmones of Love
and Benignity as they could expect. Thus became
we both a Land flowing with Milk and Honey; Peace
and Plenty dwelt in our Streets; and we have had all
our Blessings crowned with the sweet Hopes of a Perpetuity. God found out, for my (fn. *) Lord the King, a
Companion meet for Him, His Royal Consort, our
most Gracious Queen; who, as She is not to be paralleled for Her Person and Virtues, so hath She made
His Majesty and this whole Kingdom most happy and
blessed, in the sweetest Pledges of their Love, and
our Hopes, that ever stood like Olive branches about
Throne or Table. But, what I sorry for, Civiles
furores Patriæ nimia infelicitas; and, when His Majesty had most Reason to expect a grateful Return of
Loyalty and Obedience from all the Scottish Nation,
some Men of Belial, some Shebahs, have blown the
Trumpet there; and, by their Insolencies and Rebellious Actions, drawn many after them, to the
utter Desertion of His Majesty's Government His
Majesty's and His Kingly Father's Love and Bourty to
that Nation quile forgotten; His Goodness and Piety
unremembered; they have led a Multitude after them
into a Course of Disloyalty and Rebellious Treason,
such as former Times have not left in Mention, nor
this present Age can any where equal. They have
taken up Arms against the Lord's Anointed, their
rightful Prince and undoubted Sovereign; and, following the wicked Counsels of some Achitophells,
they have seized on the Trophies of Honour, and invested themselves with Regal Power and Authority;
such and so many Acts of Disloyalty and Disobedience
as, let their Pretences be what they will be, no true
English Christian Heart but must acknowledge them
to be the Effects of foul and horrid Treasons. The
last Summer His Majesty, at His own Charge, and at
the vast Expence of many of His faithful and loving
Subjects of England, went with an Army; and then
they took upon them the Boldness to out face and
brave His Royal Army with another of their own
raising: yet; for all this, His Majesty's Goodness was
not lessened by that; nor could His gracious Nature
forget what He was to them, and what they were
to Him, but, considering with Himself they were
such, quos nec vincere, nec vinci gloriosum; out of His
Piety and Clemency, He chose father to pass by their
former Miscarriage, upon their humble Protestations
of future Loyalty and Obedience, than by just Ven
geance to punish their Rebellions; but His Majesty,
who is ever awake and vigilant for the Good and
Safety of all His, hath since too plamly discovered,
that they did but prevaricate with Him, to divert the
Storm that hung over their Heads; and, by gaining
Time, to purchase themselves more Advantage for
pursuing their Rebellious Purposes; for, since His
Majesty came from Barwicke, it is come to His certain Knowledge, that, instead of performing that
Loyalty and Obedience, which, by the Law of God,
of Nature and Nations, they owe unto Him, they
have addressed themselves to Foreign States, and
treated with them to deliver themselves up into their
Protection and Power; as, by God's great Providence
and Goodness, His Gracious Majesty is able to shew,
under the Hands of the prime Ringleaders of that
Faction; than which nothing could be of more dan
gerous Consequence to this and His Majesty's other
Kingdoms Whosoever they be that shall or do wish
England ill, they may know it to be of too tough a
Complexion and Courage, to be assailed in the Face,
or to be set upon at the Fore-door; and therefore it
is not unlikely but they may do as in former Times,
find out a Postern Gate. There were heretofore Two
of them, Scotland and Ireland; and both of them had
their several Dependencies. Ireland, through His
Majesty's just and prudent Government, is not only
reduced from the Distempers of former Times, but
settled in such a Condition of Peace, and, during
His Majesty's happy Reign, so ordered and civilized,
that, instead of being a Charge to Him, as it was to
His Predecessors, it hath yielded Him some Revenue,
and His Subjects there do daily give very acceptable
Testimonies of their loyal and dutiful Affection, both
to His Person and Government. And now lately, at
the Parliament assembled, they have not only, with
one full and free Consent, made His Majesty a chearful Aid towards His present Preparations, to reduce
His disaffected Subjects in Scotland to their due Obedience; but they have also professed and promised
that they will be ready, with their Persons and Estates,
to the uttermost of their Ability, for His Majesty's
future Supply, as His great Occasions, by the Continuance of His Forces against that Distemper, shall
require; so that the Hopes of hurting England that
Way are quite extinct. Scotland then only remains,
whither, as to a weak and distempered Part of the
Body, all the Rheums and Fluxes of factious and seditious Humours make way. His Majesty hath taken all
these, and much more, to His Princely Consideration;
and, to avoid a manifest and an apparent Mischief
threatened to this and His other Kingdoms, hath resolved, by the Means of a powerful Army, to reduce
them to their just and modest Condition of Obedience
and Subjection. It is Course His Majesty takes no
Delight in, but is forced unto it; for such is His
Majesty's Grace and Goodness to all His Subjects,
and such it is and will be to them, how undutiful and
rebellious soever they now are, that, if they put
themselves into a Way of Humility becoming them,
His Majesty's Piety and Clemency will soon appear to
all the World. But His Majesty will not endure to
have His Honour weighed at the common Beam, nor
permit any to step between Him and His Virtue
And therefore, as He will upon no Terms admit the
Mediation of any Person whatsoever, so He shall
judge it a high Presumption in any to offer it; as that
which He must account most dangerous to His Honour, to have any Concert that the Solicitation of
others can, by any Possibility, better incline Him to
His People than He is, and ever will be, out of His
own Grace and Goodness.
The Charge of such an Army hath been thoroughly
advised, and must needs amount to a very great Sum,
such as cannot be imagined to be found in His Majesty's Coffers; which, how empty soever, have never
yet been exhausted by unnecessary Triumphs, or
sumptuous Buildings, or other Magnificence whatsoever; but most of His own Revenue, and whatsoever
hath come from His Subjects, hath been by Him employed for the common Good and the Preservation of
the Kingdom; and, like Vapours rising out of the
Earth, and gathered into a Cloud, have fallen in sweet
and refreshing Showers upon the same Ground,
wherefore His Majesty hath now at this Time called
this Parliament; the second Means, under God's
Blessing, to avert these public Calamities, threatened
to all His Kingdoms by the mutinous Behav our of
them: And as His Majesty's Predecessors have accustomed to do with your Forefathers; so His Majesty now offers you the Honour of working, together with Himself, for the Good of Him and His,
and for the common Preservation of yourselves and
your Posterity. Counsels and Deliberations that
tend to Benefit or Profit may enqure Disputes and
Debates, because they seem only to be accompanied
with Persuasions; but Deliberations that tend to
Preservation are waited upon by Necessity, and cannot endure either Debate or Delay. Of such Nature
are the Bleeding Evils now to be provided against
This Summer must not be lost, nor any Minute of
Time fore-slowed to reduce them of Scotland, left,
by Protraction here, they gain Time and Advantage,
to frame their Parties with Foreign States. His Majesty doth therefore desire you, upon these pressing
and urgent Reasons, That you will for a while lay
aside all other Debates; and that you would pass an
Act for such and so many Subsidies as you, in your
hearty Affections to Him and to the common Good,
shall think fit and convenient for so great an Action;
and withall, that you would hasten the Payment of it
as soon as may be; with a Proviso in the Act, That
His Majesty's Royal Assent shall not determine this
Session. His Majesty assures you all, That He would
not have proposed any Thing out of the ordinary
Way; but that such is the Streightness of the Time,
that unless the Subsidies be forthwith passed, it is not
possible for Him to put in Order such Things as must
be prepared before so great an Army can be brought
into the Field; and, indeed, had not His Majesty,
upon the Credit of His Servants, and Security out of
His own Estate, taken up and issued between Three
and Four Hundred Thousand Pounds, it had not been
possible for His Majesty to have provided those
Things to begin with, which were necessary for so
great an Enterprize, and without which He could not
have secured Barwicke and Carliell, or avoided those
Affronts which the Insolency of that Faction have put
upon us, by injuring the Persons and Fortunes of His
loyal Subjects in the Northern Parts. To avoid all
Questions and Dispute that may arise touching His
Majesty's taking of Tonnage and Poundage, His Majesty hath commanded me to declare to you, That He
hath taken it only de facto, according to the Example
of former Kings, from the Death of their Predecessors,
until the Parliament had past it themselves; that, in
like Manner, His Majesty desires not to claim it, but
by Grant of Parliament; for this Purpose, His Majesty hath caused a Bill to be prepared in the same
Form as it past to His Royal Father (of Blessed Memory), adding only Words to give it Him from the
First of his Majesty's Reign. This, and the Bill of
Subsidies, His Majesty expects, for the pressing
Reasons before delivered unto you, may be dispatched
with all Speed, which His Majesty commanded me
to tell you He shall graciously accept, as the welcome
Pledges of your loving, happy, and dutiful Affection
to Him, His Person, and Government. And His Majesty
is most graciously pleased to give you His Royal Word,
That afterward He will give you Time for considering
of such Petitions as you shall conceive to be good for
the Common-wealth; even now, before you part, ac
cording as the Season of the Year and the great Affairs in Hand will permit. And what is now omitted,
His Majesty will give you Time to perfect towards
Winter, when your own Leisure and Conveniency
may better attend it; He knowing well that these
Subsides can be of little Use without that more ample
Supply, which His Majesty expects upon the most
happy Conclusion of this Session; and therein His
Majesty is graciously pleased, according to the ancient Way of Parliament, to stay till your just
Grievances be heard and redressed; and His Majesty
assures you, that He will go along with you, for your
Advantage, through all the gracious Expressions of
a just, a pious, and a gracious King; to the End
that there may be such a happy Conclusion of this
Parliament, that it may be a Cause of many more
Meetings with you. I have now delivered what I
had in Command from His Majesty."
After this, the King further expressed Himself,
"You shall see he hath spoken nothing hyperbolically, nor nothing but that I will make good, one
way or other. And because he did mention a Letter,
by which My Subjects in Scotland did seek to draw in
Foreign Power for Aid; here is the original Letter,
which I shall command him to read to you. And, be
cause it may touch a Neighbour of Mine, whom I
would not lay any Thing on but that which is just
(God forbid I should); for My Part, I think it was
never accepted by Him. Indeed it is a Letter to the
French King; but I know not that ever He had it,
for, by Chance, I intercepted it as it was going to
Him; and therefore I hope you will understand Me
right in that."
His Majesty delivered the Letter to the Lord
Keeper; and he read it, saying :
"The Superscription of the Letter is this, Au Roy;
and observed, that the Nature of the Superscription,
as it is well known to all that know the Style of
France, that this is never written by any Frenchman
to any but to their own King; and therefore, being
directed Au Roy, it is to their own King; for so, in
Effect, by that Superscription, they do acknowledge."
Then his Lordship read the Letter in French, being the original Language wherein it was written:
Letter from some Scotch Nobles to the French King.
"Vostre Majesté (estant I'Asyle & Sanctuaire des
Princes & Estats affligéz) nous avons trouvé necessaire
d'envoyer ce Gentilhomme, le Sieur de Colvil, pour
representer a V. M la Candeur & Naivete tant de
nos Actions & Procedures, que de nos Intentions, lesquelles nous desirons estre gravées & escrites a tout
I'Univers avec un Ray du Soleil, aussy bien qu'a
V M Nous Vous supplions doncques tres humble
ment (Sire) de luy adjouster Foy & Creance, & a
tout ce qu'il diia de nostre Part, touchant nous & nos
Affaires; estant tres asseurés (Sire) d'une Assistance
esgale a Vostre Clemence accoustumee cydevant, & sisouvent monstrèe a ceste Nation, laquelle ne cedera la
Gloire à autre quelconque d'estre eternellement,
de V. M.
"Rothes, Montrose, Leslie, Mar, Montgomery,
Which being read, his Lordship added: "His Majesty commands me to read it in English, as it iss
translated; for that is the Original, under their own
Translation of the above.
"Your Majesty being the Refuge and Sanctuary of
afflicted Princes and States, we have found it necessary
to send this Gentleman, Mr. Colvil, o represert unto
Your Majesty the Candour and Ingeruity, as well of
our Actions and Proceedings, as of our Intertions,
which we desire to be engraven and written to the
whole World with a Beam of the Sun, as well as to
Your Majesty. We therefore most humbly beseech
You (Sire) to give Faith and Credit to him, and to
all that he shall say, on our Part, touching us and
our Affairs; being most assured (Sire) of an Assistance
equal to Your wonted Clemency, heretofore and so
often shewed to this Nation; which will not yield the
Glory to any other whatsoever, to be eternally,
"Your Majesty's most humble, most obedient and
most affectionate Servants,
"Rothes, Montrose, Leslie, Mar, Montgomery,
Then the King added further:
One of the Parties apprehended.
"Of these Gentlemen that set their Hands to this
Letter, here is one; and I believe you will think it
very strange if I should not lay him fast; and therefore I have signed a Warrant to lay him in The Tower,
close Prisoner. My Lords, I think, but that I will
not say positively, because I will not say any Thing
here but what I am sure of; but I think I have the
Gentleman that should have carried the Letter fast
enough, but, I know not, (fn. *) I may be mistaken."
And then the Lord Keeper concluded:
Common directed to chuse a Speaker.
"You of the House of Commons, His Majesty's
Pleasure is, that you repair now to your own House,
there to make Choice of your Speaker; whom His
Majesty will expect to be presented to Him on Wednesday next, at Two of the Clock in the Afternoon."
This Day, the Clerk read the Names of the Receivers
and Triers of Petitions in French.
Triers of Petitions.
Les Receavours des Peticions.
Messire John Bramston, Che. et Chiefe Justice.
Messire William Jones, Chr. et Justicier.
Messire George Crooke, Chr. et Justicier.
Messire Robert Rich, Che.
Messire Edward Salter, Che.
Et ceux qui veulent delivier
leur Peticions eux baillent
dedenis six jours prochensment ensuent.
Les Receavours des Peticions de Gascoigne, et des autres
Terres et Pais de par de le Mere et des Iles.
Messire Edward Littleton, Chr. et Chiefe Justice Banc
Messire Humphrey Davenport, Chr. et Chiefe Baron del
Exchequor le Roy.
Messire Robert Barkley, Chr. et Justicier.
Messire John Michell, Chr.
Messire John Page, Ar.
Et ceux qui veulent deliver
leur Peticions eux baillent
dedenis six jours prochenement ensuent.
Les Triours des Peticions d' Angleterre, d' Escoce, et d'Ireland
|Le Evesq. de London, Grand Tresorier.
Le Count de Manchester, Gardein del Privie Seale.
Le Count de Lindsey, Grand Chamberleine d'Angleterre.
Le Count de Arundell et Surrey, Grand Marescall.
Le Count de Northumberland, Grand Admiral d' Angleterre.
Le Count de Rutland.
Le Count de Huntingdon.
Le Count de Bathon.
Le Count de Bedford.
Le Count de Hartford.
Le Evesq. de Winchester.
Le Evesq. de Bathon et Welles.
Le Evesq. de Bristoll.
Touts ceux ensemble, ou quatre des Prelatts et Seigneurs
avantditz, appellants as eux
les Sergeants le Roy, quant
serra bisogne, tiendront leur
Place en la Chambre de Tresorier.
Les Triours des Peticions de Gascoigne, et des autres
Terres Pais de par la Mere et des Isles.
|Le Count de Pembroc et Mountgomery, Chamb'leine del Hostel le Roy.
Le Count de Essex.
Le Count de Dorsett.
Le Count de Sarum.
Le Count de Bridgwater.
Le Count de Northampton.
Le Count de Warwicke.
Le Count de Bristoll.
Le Count de Holland.
Le Viscount Say et Seale.
Le Evesq. de Chester.
Le Evesq. de Coventry et Leichfeild.
Le Evesq. de Exon.
Le Baron Clifford.
Le Baron Strange.
Touts ceux ensemble, ou quatre des Prelatts et Seigneuis
avantditz, appellants as eux
les Sergeants le Roy, et ainsi l' Attorney le Roy, quant
serra bisogne, tiendront leur
Place en la Chamber du
Dominus Custos Magni Sigilli, ex Jussu Domini Regis,
continuavit præsens Parliamentum, usque in diem Mercurii, videlicet, 15m diem instantis Aprilis, hora nona
Aurora, Dominis sic decernentibus.