DIE Jovis, videlicet, 2 die Decembris.
His Majesty came this Day to this House, to pass the
Bill for Tonnage and Poundage; and, being set in His
Chair of State, the King gave Command to the Gentleman Usher, to give the House of Commons Notice to
come; who being come, after Three Obeisances made,
their Speaker made this Speech as follows: videlicet,
"Most dread Sovereign,
Speaker of the H. C's Speech.
"The Observation taken from the unlike Compositions and various Motions of the World made the
Philosopher conclude, Tota hujus mundi Concordia ex
"The happy Conjuncture of both these Nations in
the Triumph and Joy of Your Sacred Presence, extracted from the different and divided Dispositions and
Opinions, gives us Cause to observe and to admire
these Blessed Effects from such contrary Causes. We
may without Flattery commend Your Sacred Majesty,
the Glorious Instrument of the happy Change, whose
Piety and Prudence, directed by the Hand of God,
hath contracted this Union from these various Discords.
"The Story of these Times will seem Paradoxes in
following Generations, when they shall hear of Peace
sprung from the Root of Dissention, of Union planted upon the Stock of Divisions, Two Armies in the
Field, both ready to strike the first Blow, and both
united without a Stroke.
"Nothing can reduce these Truths into a Belief but
the Knowledge of Your Piety and Justice, who have
accomplished these Acts of Wonder by Goodness and
Gentleness, without Force and Violence.
"This Way of Conquest, this Bellum incruentum,
hath been the Rule of the most valiant and puissant
Monarchs, advancing Your Glory in Safeguard of
One Subject more than in the Death of a Thousand
"Thus have You erected a Monument of Glory to
Your Sacred Memory for all Generations.
"And as Your Care and Piety for the Welfare of
Your Northern Kingdom called You to that Work,
for the great Comfort of Your People, which Your
Wisdom hath so happily consummated; so now the
Distemper of Your other Kingdom (fomented by the
same Spirits, whose Presence admits no Peace in
Israel) calls on Your Providence to heal the Diseases
of that Nation.
"The one from whence you returned, hath, with
Abell (though the younger Brother), offered an acceptable Sacrifice; the other, with Cain, hath erected Altars of Blood and Revenge (the other Immolations of Jesuitical Priesthood), which invokes the Necessity of Your Justice.
"The one, to a Natural hath added a Politic Brotherhood.
"The other, of Brothers (I am sorry to say it), are
"The Fidelity of the one hath written a Story of
Admiration to the World.
"The Disloyalty of the other hath paralleled that
horrid Design (matchless before amongst all Generations); First, their Intentions, the Destruction of a
Kingdom, even then when Unity and Peace was tying the Knot of Religion and Safety.
"In the Discovery, a Moment of Time prevented
"In the Actors (Jesuits and Priests), without whom
the Malice of the Devil could not have found a Party in the World fitted to act over the like bloody
"But this, amongst our many Joys we receive by
Your happy Return, is not the least, nay the greatest; that that Providence which protected that Gracious King, Your most Religious Father, from that
bloody Attempt, and increased the Blessing of a long
and happy Reign, hath also defended Your Sacred
Throne from all their Machinations.
"Thus we see Religion is the greatest Policy, the
never-failing Support of King and Kingdom, that
which firms You and Your Posterity to Your Throne,
and our Duty and Obedience to it.
"Give me Leave here, most Gracious Sovereign, to
sum up the Sense of Eleven Months Observation,
without Intermission (scarce) of a Day, nay an Hour
in that Day, to the Hazard of Life and Fortune, and
to reduce all into this Conclusion: The Endeavours
of Your Commons assembled, guided by Your pious
and religious Example, is to preserve Religion in its
Purity, without Mixture or Composition, against
these subtile Invaders; and, with our Lives and Fortunes, to establish these Thrones to Your Sacred Person, and those Beams of Majesty Your Royal Progeny, against Treason and Rebellion.
"The Ways that conduce to this End, are the Defence of the Land and Sea: For the one, we have
already voted to raise Monies; for the other, this
Bill in some Measure will accomplish for a little Time;
and to that End, I (by the Command of the Commons)
humbly beseech Your Royal Assent."
Tonnage and Poundage Bill passed.
This being done, the Clerk of the Crown read the
Title of the Bill; videlicet, "A Subsidy granted to
the King of Tonnage and Poundage, and other Monies, payable upon Merchandize imported and exported;" and then the Clerk of the Parliament pronounced the Royal Assent, in these Words:
"Le Roy, remerciant Ses bons Subjects, accepte
leur Benevolence, et ainsi le veult."
Then the King made this Speech as followeth:
"My Lords and Gentlemen,
The King's Speech.
"I think it fit, after so long Absence, at this First
Occasion to speak a few Words unto you; but it is
no Ways in Answer to Mr. Speaker's Learned Speech.
Albeit I have stayed longer than I expected to have
done when I went away; yet in this I have kept Promise with you, that I have made all the Haste back
again that the settling of My Scotch Affairs could any
Ways permit; in which I have so good Success, that
I will confidently affirm to you, that I have left that
Nation a most peaceable and contented People; so
that, although I have a little mis-reckoned in Time,
yet I was not deceived in My End.
"But, if I have deceived your Expectations a little
in the Time of My Return, yet I am assured that My
Expectation is as much and more deceived in the
Condition wherein I hoped to have found Business at
My Return; for since that, before My Going, I settled the Liberties of My Subjects, and gave the Laws
a free and orderly Course, I expected to have found
My People reaping the Fruits of these Benefits, by living in Quietness and Satisfaction of Mind; but, instead of this, I find them disturbed with Jealousies,
Frights, and Alarms, of dangerous Designs and
Plots; in Consequence of which, Guards have been
set to defend both Houses: I say not this as in
Doubt that My Subjects Affections are any Way lessened to Me, in this Time of My Absence; for I cannot but remember, to My great Comfort, the joyful
Reception I had now, at My Entry into London; but
rather (as I hope) that My Presence will readily disperse these Fears, for I bring as perfect and true Affection to My People as ever Prince did, or as good
Subjects can possibly desire; and I am so far from repenting Me of any Act I have done this Session, for
the Good of My People, that I protest, if it were to
do again, I would do it; and will yet grant what else
can be justly desired for Satisfaction in Point of Liberties, or in Maintenance of the true Religion that
is here established.
"Now I have but One Particular to recommend unto
you at this Time; it is Ireland; for which though I
doubt not your Care, yet methinks the Preparations
for it go but slowly on; the Occasion is the fitter for
Me now to mention it, because of the Arrival of Two
Lords from Scotland, who came intrusted from My
Council there (who now, by Act of Parliament, have
full Power for that Purpose), to answer that Demand,
which it pleased both Houses to make Me, by Way of
Petition, that met at Barwicke, and which the Duke
of Richmond sent back, by My Command, to My Scottish Council; therefore My Desire is, that both
Houses would appoint a select Committee to end this
Business with these Noblemen.
"I must conclude in telling you, that I seek My People's Happiness; for their Flourishing is My greatest
Glory, and their Affections My greatest Strength."
The King, having ended His Speech, departed; and
the Commons went to their House.
Abuses in Wines.
Ordered, That the Committee for Wines do meet
To-morrow in the Afternoon, in the Painted Chamber; and the Merchants and Vintners to attend.
Bp. of Hereford not to pay Tenths for Poll-money.
Upon the Petition of the Bishop of Hereford, it is
Ordered, That he, having paid Sixty Pounds for
Poll-money, shall be free from any further Payments
for the same, and shall not pay after the Rate of Tenths,
because he is freed from paying of Tenths under the
Great Seal of England, and that upon good and valuable
Consideration; divers Manors having been taken from
the Bishoprick of Hereford, in the Beginning of the
Reign of Queen Elizabeth.
Judges Opinion concerning Riots, &c.
The Lord Chief Justice of the King's Bench reported, That the Judges have considered the Laws and Statutes of this Kingdom, for preventing of Riots, Routs,
and unlawful Assemblies; and they are of Opinion,
That the best Way is to issue forth Writs, according to
the Statute of 2 H. V. Cap. 8. which Statute was presently read; and it is Ordered, That the Lord Keeper shall forthwith issue forth Writs to the Sheriffs and
Justices of the Peace of the City of London, and the
Counties of Midd. and Surrey, and to the Justices of
the Peace for the City of Westminster, according to the
Statute of 2 H. V. Cap. 8. concerning Riots, Routs, and
unlawful Assemblies; and the Judges to be advised
withall for the Form of the said Writs.
Bill for laying down Privilege of Parliament in certain Cases.
After this, the House was adjourned into a Committee, to debate the Bill touching the laying (fn. *) down Protections; and, after a long Debate, the House was resumed; and these Lords were appointed to withdraw
presently, and consider and draw up what Amendments and Alterations are fit to be made to the aforesaid
Bill, according to the Sense of the House; and to report the same: videlicet,
L. Privy Seal.
The Lords being returned into the House, the Lord
Privy Seal reported the Amendments and Alterations of
the said Bill; which, being read Thrice, were approved of; and then the House Resolved, To have a Conference with the House of Commons To-morrow, and
acquaint them therewith.
Dominus Custos Magni Sigilli declaravit præsens Parliamentum continuandum esse usque in diem Jovis, videlicet, 3m diem instantis Decembris, hora duodecima,
Dominis sic decernentibus.