DIE Jovis, videlicet, 30 die Decembris.
10,000 English Voluntiers for Ireland.
The Lord Keeper signified to the House, "That the
King had commanded him to let their Lordships know,
that He means the Ten Thousand Men which He
offered to be raised for Ireland should be English
The Lord Keeper further acquainted this House,
"That the King had commanded him to deliver a Petition to their Lordships, which was presented to
The House commanded the said Petition to be read,
which was accordingly read, in hæc verba: videlicet,
"To the King's most Excellent Majesty, and the
Lords and Peers now assembled in Parliament.
The Bishops Petition and Protestation.
"The humble Petition and Protestation of all the
Bishops and Prelates, now called by His
Majesty's Writs to attend in Parliament, and
present about London and Westmr. for that
"That whereas the Petitioners are called up by
several and respective Writs, and under great Penalties, to attend in Parliament, and have a clear and
indubitate Right to vote, in Bills and other Matters
whatsoever debateable in Parliament, by the ancient
Customs, Laws, and Statutes of this Realm, and ought
to be protected by Your Majesty quietly to attend
and prosecute that great Service:
"They humbly remonstrate and protest, before God,
Your Majesty, and the noble Lords and Peers now
assembled in Parliament, that, as they have an indubitate Right to sit and vote in the House of the Lords;
so are they (if they may be protected from Force and
Violence) most ready and willing to perform their
Duties accordingly; and that they do abominate all
Actions or Opinions tending to Popery and the Maintenance thereof, as also all Propension and Inclination to any malignant Party, or any other Side or
Party whatsoever, to the which their own Reasons
and Consciences shall not move them to adhere.
"But whereas they have been, at several Times,
violently menaced, affronted, and assaulted, by
Multitudes of People, in their coming to perform their Service in that Honourable House,
and lately chased away, and put in Danger of their
Lives, and can find no Redress or Protection, upon
sundry Complaints made to both Houses in these Particulars;
"They likewise humbly protest, before Your Majesty and the Noble House of Peers, That, saving
unto themselves all their Rights and Interests of Sitting and Voting in that House at other Times, they
dare not sit or vote in the House of Peers until Your
Majesty shall further secure them from all Affronts,
Indignities, and Dangers in the Premises.
"Lastly, Whereas their Fears are not built upon
Phantasies and Conceits, but upon such Grounds and
Objects as may well terrify Men of good Resolutions and much Constancy, they do (in all Duty and
Humility) protest before Your Majesty, and the
Peers of that most Honourable House of Parliament,
against all Laws, Orders, Votes, Resolutions, and
Determinations, as in themselves null and of none
Effect, which in their Absence, sithence the 27th of
this Instant Month of December 1641, have already
passed in that most Honourable House, during the
Time of this their forced and violent Absence from
the said most Honourable House; not denying but,
if their absenting of themselves were wilful and voluntary, that most Noble House might proceed in all
these Premises, their Absence or this their Protestation notwithstanding.
"And humbly beseech Your most Excellent Majesty to command the Clerk of the House of
Peers to enter this their Petition and Protestation amongst his Records.
"They will ever pray to God to bless and
Ro. Co. Liche.
|Guil. Bath & Wells.
Sent to the House of Commons.
Hereupon a Message was sent to the House of Commons by the Lord Chief (fn. *) Justice of the Common Pleas
and Justice Reeves:
To desire a present Conference, by a Committee of
both Houses, touching a Petition and Protestation of
the Bishops, delivered to the King and the Lords in Parliament, being a Thing of high and dangerous Consequence.
The Subject of the Conference was to be, "To
communicate the aforesaid Petition of the Bishops to
the House of Commons, and let them know, that,
the Petition containing Matters of high and dangerous
Consequence, are such as their Lordships are very
sensible of, and requires a speedy and sudden Resolution; the Petition extending to the deep intrenching
upon the fundamental Privileges and Being of Parliament, this House thinks it fit, the Business concerning the whole Parliament, to communicate with
the House of Commons in this Affair, of so great
and of so general Concernment."
The Messengers return with this Answer:
Answer from the H. C.
That the House of Commons will give a present
Meeting, in the Painted Chamber, as is desired.
The House was adjourned during Pleasure, and the
Lords went to the Conference; which being ended,
the House was resumed.
Ordered, That this House shall sit this Afternoon,
at Two of the Clock.
A Message was sent to the House of Commons, by
Sir Robert Rich and Mr. Page:
Message to the H. C. to sit P. M.
To let the House of Commons know, that this House
doth sit at Two of the Clock this Afternoon, and desired them to do the like.
Dominus Custos Magni Sigilli declaravit præsens Parliamentum continuandum esse usque in post meridiem
hujus instantis diei, hora 2a, Dominis sic decernentibus.
The Fast assented to by His Majesty.
The Lord Keeper reported to this House, "That
he had, according to their Lordships Commands,
moved the King in the humble Desire of both Houses,
concerning the keeping a Monthly Fast during the
Troubles in Ireland, throughout the Kingdom, and
likewise for keeping of the 20th of January next a
Fast; and that He would be pleased to give Order
that a Proclamation may issue forth accordingly: To
both which Desires His Majesty is pleased (fn. *) to consent,
and will give Warrant for a Proclamation to issue
A Message was brought from the House of Commons by Mr. Glyn:
The Twelve Bishops that made the Protestation accused of Treason by the H. C.
To give their Lordships Thanks, for communicating
this Petition and Protestation of the Twelve Bishops
unto them with so much Speed; and further he declared, "That he was commanded to accuse, and did
accuse, John Archbishop of Yorke, Thomas Bishop of
Durham, Joseph Bishop of Norwich, Robert Bishop
of Coventry and Lichefeild, John Bishop of St. Asaph,
William Bishop of Bath and Wells, George Bishop of
Hereford, Mathew Bishop of Elie, Robert Bishop of
Oxon, Godfrey Bishop of Gloucester, John Bishop of
Peterborough, and Morgan Bishop of Landaff, in the
Name of the House of Commons, and of all the
Commons of England, of High Treason, for endeavouring to subvert the fundamental Laws of this
Realm, and the Being of Parliament, by preferring
this Petition and Protestation; and the House of
Commons desires that they may be forthwith sequestered from Parliament, and forthwith committed into
safe Custody, and that a speedy Day be given them
for their Answers, and the House of Commons will
be ready to make good their Charge."
The Twelve Bishops sent fer.
Hereupon it is Ordered, That the Twelve Bishops
that are accused of High Treason shall be forthwith
brought before this House, and committed to safe Custody; and accordingly Order was given to the Gentleman Usher, attending this House, to bring them.
Commons acquainted with it.
The Messengers were called in, and told what Order
this House hath made concerning the Twelve Bishops,
The Earl of Bath reported the King's Answer to
the Petition presented to His Majesty from both Houses,
concerning the Earl of Newport and others: videlicet,
King's Answer about the E. of Newport.
"My Lords and Gentlemen,
"It is true that I have heard Rumours of some Proposition that should have been made at Kensington,
for the seizing of the Persons of My Wife and
Children; and in Things of so high a Nature it may
be fit for any Prince to enquire, even where He hath
no Belief, nor Persuasion of the Thing; so I have
asked Newport some Questions concerning that Business, but far from that Way of expressing a Belief
of the Thing which Newport hath had the Boldness
and Confidence to affirm, which I could easily make
appear, but that I think it beneath Me to contest
with any particular Person. But let this suffice, that
I assure you I neither did nor do give Credit to any
such Rumour: As for telling the Name of the Person who informed Me, I do stick to the Answer which
I gave to your last Petition upon the like Particular."
Copy of it to be sent to the H. C.
Ordered, That a Copy of this Answer be sent to
the House of Commons.
Message from the H. C. for a Conference about the Safety of the Kingdom and both Houses.
A Message was brought from the House of Commons, by Sir John Hotham, Knight:
To desire a Conference, by a Committee of both
Houses, touching the Safety of the Kingdom and both
Houses of Parliament.
The Answer hereunto returned is:
That this House will give a present Meeting, as is
desired, in the Painted Chamber.
Proclamation to be issued for none but Members to wear Weapons about the Houses.
These Lords following were appointed to consider
of the Form of a Proclamation, after the old Manner,
against bearing of Weapons near the Houses of Parliament, and to report the same to this House:
|L. Viscount Say & Seale.
The Lord Admiral reported, "That the Committee
have considered of the Bill for pressing of Mariners;
and they think it fit to pass, as it came from the House
of Commons, without any Amendments."
Bill for raising Mariners.
vice lecta est Billa, An Act for the better
raising and levying of Mariners, Sailors, and others,
for the present guarding of the Seas, and necessary
Defence of the Realm, and other His Majesty's Kingdoms.
And, being put to the Question, it was consented to, for to pass for a Law.
A Message was sent down to the House of Commons,
by Sir Robert Rich and Mr. Page:
E. of Pembroke's Bill sent to the Commons.
To deliver a Bill, which had passed this House,
intituled, "An Act for the Indemnity of Philip Earl of
Pembrooke and Mountgomery, and the Lady his Wife,
and the (fn. *) Heirs and Assigns of the said Lady Anne,
notwithstanding any Office to be found, and Livery
to be sued, etc."
This House was adjourned during Pleasure, and the
Lords went to the Conference; which being ended,
the House was resumed.
Conference concerning Disorders upon the King's Subjects reported.
Guard for the Parliament.
Then the Lord Keeper reported the Effect of this
Conference: "That Yesterday the House of Commons
sent up a Message to their Lordships, wherein they
expressed their Fears of the ill Consequences which
will happen, by the many Disorders and Assaults
made upon the King's Subjects, to the Violation of
their Liberties and Peace, going to and returning from
the Parliament; for preventing whereof, and for the
securing of the Parliament, they desired that their
Lordships would join with them, to desire His Majesty,
that the Parliament may have such a Guard as both
Houses might confide in, and that they might be
commanded by the Earl of Essex; to which Desire
the House of Commons have received yet no Answer: They desire their Lordships would take these
Reasons following into Consideration, by Way of Addition to their former:
"1. The insolent and traiterous Petition and Protestation of the Bishops preferred this Day to their
Lordships, which the House of Commons conceive
they durst not dare to have done without some Back
in their Design.
"2. They desire to have a Guard, because they
hear that the King hath a Guard at Whitehall, as apprehending it fit; and the House of Commons conceives that those that (fn. *) are Enemies to the King,
are likewise Enemies to the Parliament; and those
that are Enemies to the Parliament are Enemies to
"Therefore the House of Commons desires their
Lordships to take these Things into Consideration, and
give them an Answer whether their Lordships will
join with them in an humble Petition to His Majesty,
that the Parliament may have such a Guard as shall
be approved of by both Houses of Parliament, and
that it may be commanded by the noble Person formerly named, the Earl of Essex."
The House took this Message into Consideration, and
debated whether this House should recede, upon these
further Reasons, from the Vote given last Night concerning the Guards.
And it was Resolved, upon the Question, by the
That this House thinks it not fit, upon such Reasons
as have now occurred, to alter at this Time the Vote
last Night, and to join with the House of Commons to
desire a Guard.
Answer to the H. C. concerning the Guard for the Houses.
Ordered, That both the Vote last Night and the
Vote this Day, shall be sent to the House of Commons,
as an Answer to their Desire concerning the Guards.
Which was accordingly done, by Serjeant Ayliff
and Serjeant Glanvile.
The Bishops brought in, and committed to The Tower.
After this, the House having Notice that the Bishops
that were accused of High Treason were attending without, the House gave Directions they should be severally
called in, and have their Accusation made known unto
them by (fn. †) the Lord Keeper; and then, if they desired
to speak, they should be heard.
Abp. of York.
First, John Archbishop of Yorke was brought in by
the Gentleman Usher; and having kneeled at this Bar
as a Delinquent, he was commanded to stand up; and
then the Lord Keeper told him, "That the House of
Commons, in their Name, and of all the Commons
of England, had accused him, and others of the
Bishops, with High Treason, for endeavouring to
subvert the fundamental Laws of this Realm, and
the Being of Parliament, by preferring their Petition
and Protestation this Day to this House."
The said Archbishop desired Leave of this House to
speak a few Words, which the House granting, he said,
He would not at this Time make any Demurrer to
this Charge, as having never heard it before; but
he desired their Lordships would give him Leave to
do as should be advised when he came to his Answer." And then he withdrew.
Bp. of Durham.
The Bishop of Durham was in the same Manner
brought to the Bar; and the Lord Keeper repeated unto
him the same Charge as he did to the Archbishop of
Yorke; and he having Leave to speak, he said, "That this
was the greatest Misery that ever befel him, and what
he did was not with any malicious or treasonable Intent;
but he going by Chance to the Archbishop of Yorke's
House about Two Days ago, he found some Bishops there,
and the Petition signed by many of the Bishops; and
being desired to subscribe the said Petition, he read
it over, and took some Exceptions to it; but he
was drawn to it by Inducements, or rather Seducements; and he did subscribe it only to preserve his
Right in voting in Parliament;" and, desiring their
Lordships to have Pity upon him, being a Man of great
Years, he withdrew.
Bp. of Norwich.
And then, in the same Manner, the Bishop of Norwich
was brought to the Bar; and, after he had heard his
Accusation, he said, "That this was the heaviest Affliction that ever came to him, and professed it was far
from his Thoughts to be guilty of an Offence of so
high a Nature, and confessed he subscribed the Petition and Protestation; but he desired the rest of his
Brethren the Bishops that it might be very well
considered before it was delivered; but whether it
was, he knows not."
Bp. of Litchfield and Coventry.
Next, the Bishop of Coventry and Litchfield was brought
to the Bar, after the same Manner, and confessed he
subscribed the Petition; but craved their Lordships best
Constructions, for he did it not with any traiterous Intention; and submitted himself to the Pleasure of this
Bp. of St. Asaph.
Next, in the same Manner, the Bishop of Saint Asaph
was brought to the Bar, and confessed that he subscribed
the said Petition; but he did it for Matter of Form, because the rest of his Brethren had done so; Thoughts
of Treason were far from his Heart; and desired their
Lordships Favour and Compassion towards him.
Bp. of Bath and Wells.
Next, the Bishop of Bath and Wells was brought to the
Bar, who acknowledged he set his Hand to the said
Petition without any ill Intent, and desired of his Brethren that it might not be delivered until it had been
well considered of; and that all the Bishops had set
their Hands thereunto.
Bp. of Hereford.
Next, the Bishop of Hereford was brought in after
the same Manner; who said, "That, when Time was
fitting, he would make his humble Answer to his
Charge; but desired to say nothing for the present."
Bp. of Ely.
Next, the Bishop of Ely was brought to the Bar, and
desired their Lordships would excuse him from speaking
now, lest he should do himself more Hurt (fn. *) by speaking
than by Silence.
B. of Oxford.
Then the Bishop of Oxon was brought to the Bar, who
confessed he set his Hand to the said Petition, but his Offence is through Ignorance; and therein craves their
Bp. of Gloucester.
Next, the Bishop of Gloucester was brought in the
same Manner to the Bar, and confessed (fn. †) he set his Hand
to the said Petition; and it may appear he was one of
the last that subscribed, which he professed was not
done with any traiterous Intent, but through Ignorance,
and submits himself humbly to the Wisdom of this House.
Bp. of Peterborough.
Next, the Bishop of Peterborough was brought to
the Bar; and being told his Charge, he confessed he
did set his Hand to the said Petition, but he never had
any such ill Intent as is expressed in his Charge; but
(fn. ‡) what is done is through Ignorance; and he submits
himself to their Lordships Pleasure.
Bp. of Landaff to appear Tomorrow.
The Bishop of Landaph, being not now to be met
with, is to be brought To-morrow.
Bishops of Durham and Coventry are committed only to the Gentleman Usher.
Ordered, That the Bishop of Durham and the Bishop of Covent. and Litchfield shall forthwith be committed to the safe Custody of the Gentleman Usher attending this House; and the rest of the Bishops now accused of High Treason shall be forthwith committed to
The Tower of London, there to remain until the further
Pleasure of this House be known.
Time given the Bishops to Answer.
Ordered, That the Twelve Bishops now accused by
the House of Commons for High Treason shall put in
their Answer to their Accusation into this House Tomorrow Sevennight.
The King's Answer about Powder for Ireland.
The Earl of Holland reported, "That the Lords, as
they were appointed, have acquainted the King with
the Desire of both Houses, that His Majesty would be
pleased to give Warrants to the Earl of Newport, for
sending Powder for the Service of Ireland; and His
Majesty is willing thereunto, and will give Warrants
when He knows the Particulars; but His Majesty desires the Parliament will take Care that Powder be
made, to supply His Stores again."
Bp. of Winton disclaims the Protestation.
The Bishop of Winchester sitting this Day in this House,
it was moved, "That the Petition and Protestation exhibited this Day, being in the Name of all the Bishops,
that he might be put to answer whether he consents,
or disassents, and disclaims the said Petition and Protestation, before he be suffered to sit and vote in this
The said Bishop answered, "That he never knew of
any such Matter:" Hereupon the House gave him
Leave to read over the said Petition, and give his Answer therein; which was, "That he never read the
Petition before, and he doth now utterly disclaim it."
And with this Answer this House was satisfied.
Dominus Custos Magni Sigilli declaravit præsens Parliamentum continuandum esse usque in diem Veneris,
videlicet, 31m instantis Decembris, hora 1a post meridiem,
Dominis sic decernentibus.