DIE Martis, videlicet, 22 die Februarii.
The Lords appointed the Lord Chief
Justice of the Common Pleas to be
Speaker this Day.
L. Keeper excused.
Ordered, That the Lord Keeper is excused for his
Absence this Day from this House, in regard of his ill
Impeachment of L. Digby by the Commons.
A Message was brought up from the House of Commons,
by Sir John Evelyn, Knight; who was commanded by
the House of Commons to accuse, and did accuse, George
Lord Digby, in the Name of the House of Commons,
and of all the Commons of England, of High Treason;
and the House of Commons desire that their Lordships
would prefix some short Time for him to come and appear; before which Time the House of Commons will
be ready to come up, to maintain their Charge against
(fn. *) him.
Hereupon this House Ordered, That a Proclamation be sent forth speedily, into all the Counties of England and Dominion of Wales, to summon George Lord
Digby to appear Personally before the Lords in Parliament, to answer an Accusation of High Treason exhibited against him by the House of Commons; which Appearance of his is to be within Fifteen Days next after
the Date [ (fn. *) of the] Proclamation Writs, sub Pæna Convictionis.
To be summoned to appear.
Ordered, That the Clerk of the Crown shall prepare a Draught of a Proclamation, to be sent out to
summon the Lord George Digby, and present the same
to this House, who will consider thereof.
Answer to the H. C.
The Messengers of the House of Commons were called
in; and were told what Order this House had made to
summon the Lord George Digby, as aforesaid.
Order for suppressing Riots in Windsor Forest.
Upon Information given to this House, "That divers
People have, in a riotous and unlawful Manner, been
assembled together, and have killed and spoiled the
King's Deer in the Forest of Windsor; and divers being served with the Warrant of the Earl of Holland,
Lord Chief Justice in Eyre, have refused to give Obedience thereunto;" all which appearing to this House
to be true by the Affidavit of John Horsey, this House
Ordered, That the Sheriff of the County of Berks
shall forthwith attach, or cause to be attached, and delivered over unto the Gentleman Usher of this House,
his Deputy or Deputies, to be presented before the
Lords in Parliament on Tuesday the First of March (at
which Time the said Sheriff is to appear before their
Lordships), the Bodies of Henry Bannester of Ockingham,
Aminadab Harrison and George Godfrey of East-Hampsteed, Richard Hayworth and Richard Gason of Warvile, to answer such Matters as they stand charged with
in this House; and herein special Care is to be taken,
and this Order obeyed accordingly.
The Lords Committees that treat with the Scotts Commissioners acquainted this House, "That the Scotts delivered to them a Paper, and desired it might be presented to both Houses of Parliament; which Paper
was read, as followeth: videlicet,
Paper sent from the Scots Commissioners concerning the Marquis of Argyle.
"We desire your Lordships, and these noble Gentlemen of the House of Commons, to represent to
both Houses, that it was appointed by the Parliament of Scotland, that my Lord Chancellor and Mar
quis of Argyle should be upon the Commission of the
Treaty, if they were any Time here at Court; and
that we are now advertised by the Council, that
they, taking Notice of the Differences and Difficulties of the Officers of this Kingdom, and wishing an
happy Close thereof, intend to send up the Marquis
of Argyle, to contribute his best Endeavours with us
for His Majesty's Service, and Good and Peace of
the Kingdoms, if it may be steadible and acceptable
to His Majesty and the Parliament here; whereof we
are directed speedily to advertise them.
Westm. 22d Feb. 1641.
Marquis of Argyle desired to stay in Scotland.
Committee to consider of the Paper.
This House, taking this Paper into Consideration,
thought it fit the Marquis of Argyle should be desired to
stay there in Scotland, because his being there will be
of great Safety to that Kingdom, and Furtherance to
His Majesty's Service there; and these Lords Committees were appointed to consider of this Paper, and what
Answer is fit to return for the same:
L. Viscount Say & Seale.
Ds. Howard de Estcrigg.
These Lords did (fn. *) withdraw themselves presently;
and, being returned into the House, reported a Draught,
which was read, in hæc verba: videlicet,
Answer to it.
"The Lords assembled in Parliament are very sensible of the Care and Affection of the Council of Scotland, in offering the Endeavours of so eminent a Person as the Marquis of Argyle, for the Good and Peace
of both Kingdoms; but, finding the present State of
Ireland to be such as that, for Want of his Residence
in the Kingdom of Scotland, the Rebels of Ireland
may take great Advantages, whereby the Peace of
both Kingdoms may be disturbed; and considering
the Power to be given by Commission from His Majesty to the Marquis of Argyle, or his Deputy, to
raise Forces for the Service of the Kingdom of Ireland; the Lords conceive that the Presence of a Person of his Worth and Power will be much more necessary at this Time in the Kingdom of Scotland than
his Repair hither."
Ordered, That this House approves of this Answer, and that it be communicated to the House of Commons.
Report concerning the Marquis of Argyle's Commission.
Next, the Lord Robartes reported, "That the Committee hath met, and considered of the Marquis of
Argyle's Commission; and they have thought (fn. †) fit to
make a small Addition; which being read, was approved of, and was agreed to be sent to the House of
A Message was sent to the House of Commons, by
Sir Robert Rich and Mr. Page:
Message to the H. C. for a Conference about him.
To desire a Conference, by a Committee of both
Houses, so soon as may stand with their Conveniency,
1. Touching the Commission brought up from them,
concerning the Marquis of Argyle.
2. Touching an Answer to a certain Proposition sent
from the Scotts Commissioners, concerning the Marquis
The Lord Robartes was appointed, at this Conference,
to read the Addition to the Commission; and to read
the Paper, being the Answer to the Proposition concerning the Marquis of Argyle.
The Messengers return with this Answer:
That the House of Commons will give a present
Meeting, as is desired, in the Painted Chamber.
The House was adjourned during Pleasure, and the
Lords went to the Conference; which being ended, the
House was resumed.
A Message was sent to the House of Commons, by Sir
Robert Rich and Mr. Page:
Message to the H. C. that the Attorney General is ready to put in his Answer.
To let them know, that Mr. Attorney General is ready to put in his Answer to the Impeachment of the
House of Commons; and, if they please, they may
send up some Members of their House, to see him deliver in his Answer.
The Messengers return with this Answer:
That the House of Commons will send a Committee
of their House presently, to hear Mr. Attorney General's Answer.
Mr. Attorney brought to the Bar, to put in his Answer.
The Committee of the House of Commons being
come; Mr. Attorney General was brought to the Bar,
by the Gentleman of the Black Rod; and, having kneeled at the Bar until the Speaker bid him stand, he presented his Answer in Writing, which he desired might
be received and read; and accordingly it was done, as
"The Answer of Sir Edward Herbert, Knight, His
Majesty's Attorney General, to the Impeachment
exhibited against him by the Honourable House
of Commons, in this present Parliament assembled.
"The said Defendant, saving to himself now, and
at all Times hereafter, all just Exceptions to the said
Impeachment as the same is charged, for an Answer
saith and acknowledgeth, That he is, and the Third
Day of January last past was, His Majesty's Attorney
General sworn; but whereas he is charged with the
malicious, false, and scandalous Advising and Contriving the Articles in the said Impeachment mentioned, he saith that he was, and is, so far from any Malice, Falsehood, or Scandal, in the Advising and
Contriving of the same, or any of them, that he did
not (fn. *) at all advise or contrive the said Articles, or
any of them, or ever knew or heard of them, or any
of them, until he received them from His Majesty's
Hands the said Third Day of January last past, ready
ingrossed in Paper; and, as to that Part of the said
Impeachment which chargeth this Defendant with the
exhibiting the said Articles to this Honourable House,
he saith, That, upon the said Third Day of January,
he repaired to His Majesty, by His Command, who
then delivered unto this Defendant a Paper, containing the Articles in the said Impeachment mentioned,
and did command him, in His Majesty's Name, to acquaint this Honourable House, that divers great and
treasonable Designs and Practices against His Majesty
and the State had come to His Majesty's Knowledge,
for which His Majesty commanded this Defendant, in
His Majesty's Name, to accuse Six Persons, in the said
Paper mentioned, of High Treason, and other high
Misdemeanors, by delivering that Paper to your
Lordships, and to desire to have it read; and further
to desire, in His Majesty's Name, that a select Committee of Lords might be appointed, to take the Examinations of such Witnesses as His Majesty would
produce, as formerly had been done in Cases of the
like Nature, according to the Justice of this House;
and that Committee to be under a Command of Secrecy, as formerly; and further, in His Majesty's
Name, to ask Liberty to add and alter, if there should
be Cause, according to Justice; and likewise, (fn. *) that
your Lordships would take Care of the securing of
the said Persons, as in Justice there should be Cause:
And, according to His Majesty's said Commands,
this Defendant did come to this Honourable House
the Third Day of January; and then, after the
Right Honourable Edward Lord Littleton, Lord Keeper of the Great Seal of England, had declared to this
Honourable House, That he was commanded by His
Majesty to let your Lordships know, that His Majesty
had given this Defendant Command to acquaint your
Lordships with some Things from His Majesty: This
Defendant thereupon, the said Third Day of January, in this Honourable House, before your Lordships then and there sitting in Parliament, in Obedience to His Majesty's said Command, as a Message
from Him, did declare the aforesaid Commands of
His Majesty, by acquainting your Lordships that the
King had commanded him to tell your Lordships, That
divers great and treasonable Designs and Practices against
Him and the State had come to His Majesty's Knowledge,
for which the King had given him Command to accuse
Six Persons of High Treason, and other high Misdemeanors, by Delivery of the said Articles; and that he
was commanded to desire, on His Majesty's Behalf,
that a select Committee might be appointed, to
take the Examination of such Witnesses as the King
would produce, as formerly had been in Cases of like
Nature, according to the Justice of this House; and
this Committee to be under a Command of Secrecy,
as formerly; and that he was commanded to ask Liberty to add and alter, as there should be Cause, according to Justice; and that he was commanded to
desire that your Lordships would take Care for securing of their Persons, as in Justice there should be
Cause; and saith, he did not conceive there could be
any Offence in what was so done by him in the Honourable House, in Obedience to those His Majesty's
Commands, being wholly thereby left to your Lordships Wisdoms and Judgements, being His Majesty's
Great Council and greatest Court for Advice and Justice: And as touching the false, scandalous, and malicious
Advising, Contriving, or Publishing the said Articles, or
any other Articles, against the said Persons in the said
Paper mentioned, or any of them, or any Breach of
this Defendant's Oath of Attorney General, and to
the false, unlawful, and malicious Exhibiting the said
Articles into this Honourable House, or causing any
Entry thereof to be made, and the Intent and Endeavour, falsely, unlawfully, and maliciously, to deprive
this Honourable House, or the Honourable House of
Commons, of any of the Members of either of the
said Houses, or to take away any of their Lives,
Estates, or good Names, and every Offence and Misdemeanor charged by the said Impeachment upon this
Defendant, he saith he is not guilty of them, or any
of them, in such Manner and Form as by the said
Impeachment is charged. All which Matters and
Things this Defendant is, and will be, ready to
aver and prove, in such Sort as to this Honourable
House of Parliament shall seem meet.
"Tho. Gardiner, Jo. Fountaine,
This being read, Mr. Attorney asked Leave to speak
a few Words; which was granted him.
Then he said, "He remained confident of their Lordships Honour and Justice; and whatsoever their Lordships should Order upon his Answer, he is assured
their Lordships will in Justice give him a convenient
Time to make his Answer."
Then the Committee of the House of Commons and
Mr. Attorney did both withdraw; and this House took
into Consideration what is fit to be done for the present;
and they resolved to take good Bail of Mr. Attorney
for his Forth-coming, which Mr. Attorney submitted to,
and accordingly gave Bail.
The Attorney General bailed.
Edwardus Dominus de Newburgh recognovit se debere
Domino Regi Quinque Mille Libras, levari ex Terris,
Tenementis, Bonis, et Catallis suis, ad usum Domini Regis.
The Condition of the abovesaid Recognizance is, That,
if Sir Edward Herbert, Knight, His Majesty's Attorney
General, shall appear and be present before the Lords
in Parliament, at the Judgement of Parliament, if any
shall be against him in this Cause, then this Recognizance to be void; or else to remain in full Force and
Ordered, That the Recognizance of the Earl of
Monmouth, for the appearing of Mr. Attorney this
Day in Parliament, is hereby Ordered to be vacated.
Bill for clearing L. Kymbolton to be brought in.
It was moved, "That some Course might be considered of, to clear the Lord Kymbolton from the Accusation of High Treason charged by Mr. Attorney
General;" and it was Resolved, That a Bill should
be passed for his clearing, which any Lord might bring
in as would.
A Message was brought from the House of Commons,
by Sir William Lewis, Knight:
Message from the H. C. about the Addition to the Marquis of Argyle's Commission.
To let their Lordships know, that the House of Commons have perused the Addition to the Marquis of Argyle's Commission; and they approve of the same, and
desire that it may be expedited. Also the House of
Commons desires a Conference, by a Committee of both
Houses, touching the Proposition from the Scotts Commissioners.
Here followeth the Commission, in hæc verba: videlicet,
"Charles, by the Grace of God, &c. To all to
whom these Presents shall come, Greeting.
"Whereas the Lords of Our Privy Council of Scotland, enabled by an Act of Parliament to that Purpose, out of the special Trust and Confidence of the
approved Wisdom, Valour, and Abilities, of Archibald Marquis of Argyle, have chosen and appointed
the said Marquis to be Chief Commander of One Regiment of Our Scottish Subjects, consisting of the Number of Fifteen (fn. *) Hundred Men, more or fewer, to be
forthwith raised in Our Kingdom of Scotland, to the
Intent the said Regiment should be conducted and
led into Our Realm of Ireland, as One Part of the
Number of Ten Thousand Men of Our said Scottish Subjects, which are, by the said Lords of Our
Council of Scotland, according to the said Act of
Parliament, to be sent over to Our said Realm of
Ireland, upon the Conditions and Agreements which
are and shall be made and concluded on by Us and
Our Parliament of England, and the Commissioners
from Our Parliament of Scotland: Know ye, that
We have given and granted, and by these Presents do give and grant, full Power, Licence, and
Commission, unto the said Archbald Marquis of Argyle, to conduct and lead the said Regiment into
Our said Realm of Ireland, against the Rebels,
Enemies, and Traitors, and their Adherents, in Our
said Realm; and therein to rule, govern, command,
dispose, and employ, the said Regiment, and all
Officers and others thereunto belonging, against the
said Rebels, Enemies, Traitors, and their Adherents;
and with them to oppose and withstand the said Rebels; and them to assault, fight with, subdue, kill,
slay, and burn, and use all other Acts of Hostility,
in such Sort as he in his Judgement shall think most
advantageous for suppressing and destroying the said
Rebels: And, having further Confidence in his approved Fidelity, We do by these Presents nominate,
constitute, make, and ordain, him the said Marquis
of Argile, and such other Person and Persons as he in
his Judgement and Discretion shall think fit to assign
and appoint in this Behalf to be his Deputy or Deputies, to be Governor or Governors of Our Isle of
Rachraye, in Our said Realm of Ireland; giving and
granting hereby also unto him, and his said Deputy,
absolute Power and Authority, with the said Regiment and Forces, or any Part of them, to enter into
and take Possession of the said Island, and to plant a
Garrison there, for Our Service, in Defence of the
said Island, and Preservation thereof against the Invasion of the said Rebels, until he or they shall be
required to surrender and yield up the same by Order
of Us and Our Parliament of England; further also
authorizing the said Marquis, and his said Deputy or
Deputies, to receive and admit, from Time to Time,
into the said Island, such Persons as he, or his said
Deputy or Deputies, shall think convenient for Our
better Service, and also to punish, by Law Martial,
or otherwise as Cause shall require, such Officers and
Soldiers serving under him, or his said [ (fn. *) Deputy or]
Deputies there, as shall be any ways Offenders,
either by Death or other Corporal or Arbitrary Punishment, according to the Quality of their Offence:
And, in Case the said Rebels shall take, surprize, and
be possessed of the said Isle, before the Arrival of the
said Marquis, or his said Deputy or Deputies, with
the Regiment and Forces aforesaid, at the said Isle,
and shall oppose and withstand his or their Entrance
thereinto; then Our Will and Pleasure is, and We do
hereby authorize, require, and command him the said
Marquis, and his said Deputy and Deputies, with the
said Regiment and Forces, or any Part thereof, to
enter into the said Island; and the said Rebels, Enemies, and Traitors, and their Adherents, to fight with,
and them to invade, pursue, kill, and slay; and them,
and every of them, out of the said Island to expel,
and to bring and reduce them, and every of them, to
the Obedience of Us and Our Crown of England:
And Our further Will and Pleasure is, and We do
hereby authorize the said Marquis, and his said Deputy and Deputies, from Time to Time, and as of
as he or his said Deputy or Deputies shall think fit,
and therewith to assault the said Rebels; and them to
fight with, subdue, kill, slay, and burn, and against
them to use and exercise all other Acts of Hostility,
as he or his said Deputy or Deputies shall think fit,
for the Suppression of the said Rebels, and Advantage of Our Service and Crown of England; and also
to assail, and endeavour the Recovery and Taking of,
all such Castles and Forts as now are and remain, or
hereafter shall be and remain, in the Possession, Government, and Command, of the said Rebels; and
them, and every of them, so taken and recovered, to
defend and keep for Us, and on Our Behalf, until
We shall otherwise Order or appoint, by the Advice
of Our Parliament of England. And these Presents,
or the Inrollment or Duplicate thereof, shall be, as
well unto the said Marquis as to his said Deputy and
Deputies, and all others whom they shall any Way
concern, a sufficient Warrant and Discharge, for executing and performing Our Will and Pleasure herein
before expressed: Nevertheless Our Will and Meaning is, and we do hereby expressly provide, that the
said Marquis, and such Deputy or Deputies as shall
be by him nominated in Scotland, before he, or they,
or any of them, do undertake the Charge, Command,
and Government aforesaid, shall take their Corporal
Oath and Oaths, before the said Lords of Our Privy
Council of Our said Kingdom of Scotland, for the
faithful Ordering and Governing of the said Regiment, and true keeping, preserving, and defending
of the said Island, and all such Forts, Castles, and
other Places, as shall be recovered by the said Marquis,
or his said Deputy or Deputies, in Our said Realm of
Ireland, out of the Hands and Possession of the said
Rebels, for Us and the Benefit of Our Crown of
England, until he, or his said Deputy or Deputies,
shall be thereof discharged, by Order from Us and
Our Parliament of England; and, upon such Order,
forthwith to deliver up the same, according to the
Tenor of such Order; and that such Deputy or Deputies as the said Marquis shall nominate in Ireland
shall take the like Oath and Oaths, before the said
Marquis (who is authorized hereby to take the said
Oath and Oaths), before such Deputy or Deputies
do undertake the Charge, Command, or Government
"And further We declare Our Intent and Meaning
to be, that the said Regiment shall be accounted as
Part of the said Ten Thousand of Our Scottish Subjects, which are to be sent over into Our Realm of
Ireland aforesaid; and that the said Regiment shall be
under the Command of the General of Our Scottish
Army, after his Arrival into Our said Realm of Ireland, and to receive Orders from him as any other
Part of Our said Scottish Army, any Thing in this
present Commission to the contrary notwithstanding.
"And also Our Intent and Meaning is, that the said
Marquis of Argyle, and (fn. *) his Deputies, shall be subject,
in the said Isle, and all other Parts of the Kingdom of
Ireland, to the Command of Our Lieutenant of Ireland, or other chief Governor there, in the same
Manner as the rest of the Ten Thousand Men are to
be by the Articles of the Treaty.
"And lastly, We will and command all and singular
Our Lieutenants, Deputy Lieutenants, Mayors, Sheriffs, Bailiffs, Constables, and all other Our Officers,
Ministers, and Subjects whatsoever, that they, and
every of them, be, from Time to Time, attendant,
aiding, assisting, and helping the said Marquis, his
Deputy or Deputies, and every of them, in the due
Execution of Our Will and Pleasure herein declared,
as they and every of them will answer the contrary at
"In Witness whereof."
Ordered, That this Commission be ingrossed, and
Answer to the H. C.
The Messengers were called in; and told, That their
Lordships have Ordered the Commission for the Marquis of Argyle to be ingrossed; and that their Lordships
will give a present Conference, in the Painted Chamber,
as is desired.
Conference about the Addition reported.
The House was adjourned; and the Lords went to the
Conference; which being ended, the House was resumed; and the Lord Roberts reported the Effect of
this Conference; which was, "That the House of Commons do consent to the Answer which is to (fn. †) be sent
to the Council of Scotland, concerning the Marquis;
and the House of Commons desire that this Addition
following may be added to it; videlicet,
Addition to the Marquis of Argyle's Commission.
"For howsoever the Proceedings of Parliament have
met with such Obstructions as have put the Affairs of
this Kingdom into some Difficulties, yet they are now
in Hope that, by the Providence of God, and the
Goodness and Justice of His Majesty, there will be
so happy and speedy an Issue thereof, as shall produce the Peace and Prosperity of the Kingdoms; to
which they find the Commissioners of Scotland here
residing so ready upon all Occasions to contribute their
best Endeavours, with great Wisdom and Affection,
that they desire neither the Lord Chancellor nor Marquis of Argyle may be put to the Incommodity and
Trouble of so long a Journey."
Ordered, That this House agrees with the House
of Commons in this Addition.
Letter from Lancashire, about Papists Designs.
The Lord Newburgh, Chancellor of the Dutchy of
Lancaster, being an Assistant to this House, acquainted
their Lordships with a Letter which he received from
some Justices of the Peace in Lanchashire, which do
concern the Safety of the Kingdom; which Letter and
Examination were commanded to be read, as followeth:
"Some Part of the threatening Dangers, so much
feared and spoke of in this Kingdom, seemeth to discover itself unto us in this Country: We have herewithall sent you the Information we have, with no little
Difficulty, drawn from a Gentleman of our Country.
He is but of poor and small Having; his principal
Dependance being upon the Exhibitions allowed him
by his Popish Friends, both for himself, Wife, and
Children. It is not, we believe, given out of Envy to
any Party, or their Cause of Religion, nor out of any
Hope of Reward; being liker, by the Envy of this
Act, to want Livelihood than gain Maintenance, and
ever bred a confident Recusant; but having, in some
Passion, uttered something that bred Suspicion in
some private Friends, and by them questioned, so as
something more was uttered, and Intimation being
given unto us thereof, we took him into Examination;
and he, not without great Shew of Unwillingness,
made this Answer. For the Gunpowder, we have
sought, but found none; but we doubt not in their
Houses, made anciently of Purpose for private Conveyances, many Things may be unfound of us. The
Men named are of good Ability, of seeming civil
Behaviour, and quiet Neighbours; but earnest, forward, and hearty Recusants. We thought it our Duties in a Case of this Moment, wherein not only the
Safety of our Country but the Kingdom may be concerned, to apply ourselves unto your Lordship, in
whom, in all Times of all our Dangers and Fears,
we have Cause much to confide; humbly entreating
your Lordship, that, with all convenient Speed, we
may receive your Lordship's Instructions how to Behave ourselves herein, in all our future Proceedings;
and, as in all Duty bound, we shall ever rest,
Leigh. the 18th Day of February, 1641.
Examinations about the same.
"The Information of Richard Lathame, of Bedford, in the County of Lancaster, Gentleman,
taken before Sir Thomas Stanley, Baronet,
John Atherton, Esquire, and John Holecroft,
Esquire, Three of His Majesty's Justices of
the Peace and Quorum within the County of
Lancaster, the 14th Day of February, 1641.
"Upon his Oath, informeth and saith, That, about
Easter last, when Mr. Barlowe the Priest was apprehended (he being at The Morlesse House, in a little
back Room, where they used to lay their Turf and
Coals), he saw Nine or Ten Barrels of Gunpowder,
which was hidden, and put under the Turf and
"And saith, That in the same Room he saw One
Fowling Piece and Birding Piece, likewise hidden
"And further saith, That, a little before Christmas
last, he the said Informant met with one calling himself Mr. Edward Reeding, a Romish Secular Priest,
whom he this Informant knew so to be, for that he
hath many Times heard him say Mass, and professeth himself so to be: And being demanded where he
heard him say Mass, saith, That heretofore, in the
Life-time of Mr. Brolowe, Priest and Monk, lately
executed at Lancaster, he hath seen and heard the
said Reeding say Mass at his the said Mr. Barlowes
Place of Habitation, at the Hall of Morlesse; and,
sithence that Time, hath several Times seen and heard
him say Mass, and exercise the said Priestly Function,
at the House of Richard Urmeston, Esquire, in Bedford, and divers other Times at the House of Richard
Bradshawe, of Sravocke, in Bedford aforesaid; and
hath heard that he hath done the like divers Times
at the House of Mr. Richard Sale, of Hoppkarr, and
Mr. Richard Shuttleworth, in Beddford aforesaid.
"And saith, That he hath seen the said Richard
Bradshawe present by, when the said Reeding hath
said Mass in his the said Bradshawe's House (which
Bradshawe hath given the said Reeding free Welcome
"And saith, That he this Informant was with the
said Reeding at the House of the said Richard Urmeston, not long before Christmas last, and hath heard
from himself, and generally reported and agreed by
other Romish Catholics of that Neighbourhood, that
he was the said Mr. Urmeston's Priest; and hath seen
divers others at the Place aforesaid at Mass with the
said Priest; as namely Richard Warde, Richard Shuttleworth the Father, and Richard Shuttleworth the
Son, and Frances Wife of the said Richard Shuttleworth the Younger, and divers others; and hath himself divers Times had the Ornaments and Church
Stuff sent from the said Mr. Urmeston's House to his
own House, to keep.
"Which Priest, so meeting him the said Informant,
told him, That he had a great Desire to reveal some
Secrets unto him, concerning the general Good of
the Catholic Cause, so as he this Informant would
take a Corporal Oath of Secrecy, and not to discover
what he should so impart; which his Request this Informant did willingly assent unto: Whereupon the
said Priest caused this Informant to lay his Hand upon
a Crucifix, and swear by Almighty God, by Faith and
Troth, and all the Holy Things that stood there before
him upon that Table, which Holy Things were the Host,
the Altar, the said Crucifix, and divers Images of the
Saviour Christ, the Blessed Virgin Mary, and other
Saints, That he this Informant should be and continue
true to the Catholic Cause, and should not reveal
but at all Times keep secret such Things as the said
Priest should then reveal unto him for Advancement
thereof, or in Words to this or the like Effect.
"After which Oath taken by this Informant, the said
Priest did earnestly importune him, this Informant, to
be employed by him the said Priest, and others of
the Catholic Party, for the making of Balls of Wildfire; telling him, this Informant, that he could give
him full Instructions how to make the same, saying
that he must to that End take Frogs Grease, Verdigrise, Norvoil, Quicksilver, and Brimstone, and boil
them; and then to pound Gunpowder, and mingle
all together until it was thick as Dough, that it would
roll together, and so make Balls thereof; which this
Informant then assenting to do, he the said Reeding
gave unto him Two Shillings to buy Materials, to try
Experience how to make the said Balls, and to see him
well paid for his Pains.
"Whereupon this Informant demanded of the said
Priest to what End he would have the said Balls made,
and how he intended to employ the same; to which
the said Priest replied, That many of the Romish Catholics through the Kingdom of England, as likewise
and especially here in this County of (fn. *)
provided of Gunpowder and other Ammunition, as
likewise of the like Balls of Wild-fire; and said, for
Example, his, this Informant's, Neighbours, Mr. Richard Sale and Mr. Richard Shuttleworth, were already
among others provided of good Store of Gunpowder,
for Mr. Sale had Ten Barrels, and Mr. Shuttleworth
had Seven; and that the said Priest would have these
Balls made, for that it was generally resolved amongst
the Catholics, that, when the Irish Designs were a
little over, a respectable Part of the said Irish should
be landed in Lancashire, and the Recusants of that
County would be ready to rise in Arms, and join with
them; and all or the most Part of the Catholics in
England were to join at the same Time in that Enterprize, with such like Balls; they would have their
Agents, at one Instant of Time, to fire all the principal Towns in the Country, before the Inhabitants
were aware of any Design against them; and that so,
in the Time of such Fire giving over, and rising in
Arms, they might with less Difficulty effect their
"And being demanded by this Informant, whether it
was not against all Religion and Conscience by such
violent and sudden Means to destroy so many good
Towns and Neighbours, or to be an Instrument or
have a Hand therein; the Priest thereunto answered,
That it was no Sin, nor any way the Breach of Religion or good Conscience, by any Means to destroy
"Whereupon he this Informant, parting from the
said Priest, was never sithence at Quiet in his Conscience, upon Apprehension of so horrible and bloody
Designs; and though, for the most Part, from his
Infancy, he hath been bred a Romish Catholic, yet
the Horror of such Relation would never let him rest
until he had revealed the abovesaid Practice; nor
ever durst he adventure to essay the making of any of
the said Balls.
"And further informeth not.
Mr. Stanley, &c. concerning Latham, &c. about the same Business.
Ordered, That Mr. Stanley, Mr. Atherton, and Mr.
Holcroft (Three of His Majesty's Justices of the Peace of
the County of Lancaster), shall further examine Richard
Latham, where Reeding the Priest is, who is to be
taken into safe Custody, if he can be found; and such
further Examinations as shall be taken in this Business
shall be forthwith returned unto the Lords in Parliament; and Latham to attend their Lordships then. And
it is further Ordered, That strict Examination and
Search be made where the Gun-powder is that this
House hath been informed of; and, being found, shall
be sent unto the Magazine of the County, for His Majesty's Use.
Dominus Capitalis Justiciarius de Communi Banco declaravit præsens Parliamentum continuandum esse usque
in diem Jovis, videlicet, 24m diem instantis Februarii,
hora nona Aurora, Dominis sic decernentibus.