30 Henry III: Cap. XI - Cap. XXXI (nos 322–348)
322. Capitulum XI. De mensuris statutis et iuratis per regnum si servate
sint per regnum sicut provisum fuit et si custodes mensurarum mercedem
ceperint tempore pacis ab aliquibus ut per illas possint emere vel vendere
et hoc intelligatur de omnibus mensuris tam de ulnis quam de aliis et
ponderibus et si assisa latitudinis pannorum observata fuerit prout
provisum fuit. Civitas respondit quod nulla mensura iurata est in Civitate
nec uncquam in Civitate juramentum factum fuit de mensuris; placita vero
et amerciamenta ponderum, ulnarum et mensurarum omnium pertinent et
pertinebant semper ad vicecomitatum et nullus alius habetur custos in
Civitate rerum predictarum quam vicecomites Civitatis et eorum ballivi
. . . Item dicunt quod de mercede proinde capta nichil sciunt.
Article XI Of the measures enacted and sworn throughout the kingdom
if they were kept throughout the kingdom as was provided and whether the
keepers of the measures took bribes in the time of peace from anybody that
they might buy or sell by them and this is to be understood of all measures
as well of ells as of others and of weights and if the assize of breadth of
cloth was observed as was provided. The City answered that no measure
was sworn in the City nor has any oath been taken ever in the City of
measures but the pleas and amercements of weights, lengths and all measures
belong and have always belonged to the shrievalty and there was never
any other keeper of those things in the City except the sheriffs and their
bailiffs. They also say that of bribes taken for that reason they know
323. Capitulum XII. Item dicunt de latitudine pannorum quod quia nulla
querimonia facta fuit vicecomitibus post ultimum iter justiciariorum vicecomites inde nichil fecerunt; nam vicecomites nullum faciunt attachiamentum in Civitate sine clamore alicuius conquerentis, sive per preceptum
domini regis vel justiciarii eius. Petunt erga dominum regem desicut panni
tincti, russetti, haubergetti non operantur in Civitate, quod draperii
Civitatis pro illa assisa non calumpnientur; nam videtur eis quod civitates
et burgi et ville ubi tales panni operantur, debent pro dicta assisa amerciari.
Justiciarii dixerunt: Ecce rotulos Martini de Pateshulle qui ultimo tenuit
hic placitum corone, et ecce nomina omnium draperiorum qui tunc
fuerunt qui omnes fuerunt amerciati. Civitas respondit, maior respondit:
nos non intelligimus (fn. 1) quod ullo tempore aliqua misericordia capta fuisset de
draperiis Civitatis pro dicta assisa quia nichil forisfacti sunt, set operarii
pannorum debent de jure amerciari (fn. 2) quia ipsi transgressi sunt preceptum
domini [regis], operando pannos contra assisam, et non venditores sicut
continetur in carta de libertate Anglic quam dominus rex fecit comitibus
et baronibus suis. (fn. 3) Justiciarii dixerunt: Habeatis coram nobis in crastino
nomina omnium draperiorum de Civitate vestra qui sunt et fuerunt
draperii, a tempore quo justiciarii ultimo itineraverunt hic usque in
presentem diem et sic factum fuit et amerciati fuerunt omnes.
Article XII. Item they say concerning the breadth of cloth that because
no complaint was made to the sheriffs after the last eyre of the justices the
sheriffs did nothing; the sheriffs make no attachment in the City without
complaint from some complainant whether by order of the king or one of
his justices. They ask the king that since dyed cloth like russet and haberjet
is not worked in the City the drapers of the City ought not to be held
responsible for that assize since it seems to them that the cities and boroughs
and towns where such cloth is made ought to be amerced for that assize.
The justices say: behold the rolls of Martin of Patshull who last held here
the pleas of the crown and behold the names of all the drapers who then
were all amerced. The City answered and the mayor answered: we do not
understand that at that time any amercement was taken from the drapers
of the City for that assize because nothing was forfeit, but the cloth workers
ought by right to be amerced because they have transgressed the king's order
in working cloth contrary to the assize and not the sellers as is contained
in the charter of liberties of England which the king made for his earls and
barons. The justices said: have before us tomorrow the names of all the
drapers of your city who are or were drapers, from the time when the
justices last went on eyre here until the present day; and thus it was done
and everyone was amerced.
324. Capitulum XIII. De vinis venditis contra assisam. Civitas respondit:
Dicunt quod universi vinetarii qui vina vendiderunt ad incisionem,
assisam transgressi sunt. Justiciarius dixit: Habeatis coram nobis nomina
omnium vinetariorum tam mortuorum quam vivorum qui vendiderunt
vinum ad incisionem a die quo justiciarii ultimo itineraverunt usque ad
presentem diem et sic factum fuit in crastino, unde omnes vinetarii amerciati
Article XIII. Of wines sold contrary to the assize. The City answered
that all vintners who sold wine retail had broken the assize. A justice said:
have before us the names of all vintners as well dead as alive who sold wine
retail from the day when the justices last went on eyre to the present time
and thus it was done on the morrow whence all the vintners were amerced.
325. Capitulum XIIII. De thesauris inventis. Responsio: Dicunt quod
Article XIV. Of treasure trove. Answer: they know of none.
326. Capitulum XV. De vicecomitibus et aliis ballivis qui tenuerunt placita
corone et que placita. Responsio: Dicunt quod nullum sciunt.
Article XV. Of sheriffs and other bailiffs who have held pleas of the
crown and what pleas. Answer: they say that they know of none.
327. Capitulum XVI. De usurariis christianis vivis, qui sint et que catalla
habeant et quantum valeant. Civitas respondit: Dicunt quod nullum sciunt
usurarium in Civitate christianum, nisi Romanes et mercatores Senenses et
eiusdem provincie consimiles.
Article XVI. Of living Christian usurers who they are and what chattels
they have and how much they are worth. The City answers that they know
of no Christian usurers in the City unless they be Roman and Sienese
merchants and those of the like country.
328. Capitulum XVII. De catallis mercatorum de potestate regis Francie
retentis, quis ea habuit. Civitas respondit quod vicecomites et camerarius
debent inde respondere quibus talia pertinent attachiamenta, nam eo
tempore quo dominus rex erat in transmarinis, vicecomites et camerarius
scilicet, Willelmus de Haverhulle, Edwardus de Westmonasterio per
preceptum regis attachiaverunt catalla [et alium] (fn. 4) unde respondeant.
Article XVII. Of chattels of merchants of the kingdom of the king of
France retained, who had them. The City answered that the sheriffs and
chamberlain ought to answer therefor because such attachments belong to
them for when the king was overseas the sheriffs and chamberlain, to wit
William of Haverhill and Edward of Westminster by the king's order
attached the chattels and should answer therefor elsewhere.
329. Capitulum XVIII. De catallis judeorum occisorum et vadiis et cartis
et debitis eorum, quis ea habeat. Respondit Civitas: Dicunt quod non
pertinet ad eos, nec aliquo tempore pertinere solebat de judeis sicut
prediximus superius in capitulo de eschaetis judeorum, set pertinet ad
constabularium Tunis Londoniarum, et ad justiciaries domini regis ad
custodiendum iudeorum assignatos. Nam quamvis judeus in Civitate
interficeretur non liceret vicecomitibus catalla judei attachiare, si autem
equo modo christianus in domo iudei interficeretur a quocunque, vicecomes ipsum judeum vel eius catalla non posset attachiare.
Article XVIII. Of the chattels of Jews killed and their pledges and
charters and debts and who has them. The City answered that they do not
belong to them nor have they been used at any time to belong to them as
we said above in the article concerning escheats of the Jews, but they
belong to the constable of the Tower of London and to the king's justices
appointed to the custody of the Jews; for even if a Jew is killed in the City
the sheriffs may not attach his chattels and likewise if a Christian is killed
by anyone in the house of a Jew the sheriff may not attach the Jew or his
330. Capitulum XIX. De falsonariis et retonsoribus denariorum. Responsio:
Civitas respondit quod nullum talem sciunt in Civitate.
Article XIX. Of coiners and clippers of coins. The City answered that
they know none in the City.
331. Capitulum XX. De moneta et excambio domini regis, scilicet qui
fecerint monetam vel escambium sine domino rege vel eius ballivis. Civitas
respondit quod nichil inde scit Civitas, set respondeat inde cambiator quia
si ab aliquo tempore querimoniam fecisset factum esset quod ad hoc
Article XX. Of the money and exchange of the king, to wit who made
money or carried out exchange without the knowledge of the king and his
bailiffs. The City answered that the City knows nothing about it but the
changer should answer because if at any time complaint was made it
would belong to him.
332. Capitulum XXI. De malefactoribus et burgatoribus et eorum receptatoribus tempore pacis. Civitas respondit quod nullum talem sciunt in
Civitate, nam si aliquem forte scirent non hucusque sustinuissent immo
ilium per vicecomites arrestassent et justiciariis ostendissent.
Article XXI. Of evil-doers and burglars and their harbourers in the time,
of peace. The City answered that they know none in the City but if by any
chance they did so know they would not have supported them, but they
would be arrested by the sheriffs and would be shown to the justices.
333. Capitulum XXII. De fugitivis et si quis rediit post fugam suam sine
warranto, et utlagatis et eorum catallis, et quis ea habeat, et fugitivorum et
utlagatorum receptoribus. Civitas respondit quod nullum sciunt in Civitate
post ultimum iter justiciariorum nisi Algrettum Wasconie, qui warrantum
habuit a domino rege. (fn. 5) De receptatoribus nichil sciunt. Item Willelmum
Barbatorem de quo audierunt in presentibus placitis.
Article XXII. Of fugitives and if any returned after flight without
warrant and of outlaws and their chattels and who had them and of the
harbourers of fugitives and outlaws. The City answered that they know
none in the City after the last eyre of the justices save Algret of Gascony
who had a warrant from the king. Of harbourers they know nothing. Item
William with the Beard of whom they have heard in the present pleas.
334. Capitulum XXIII. De mercede capta pro blado et aliis catallis dimittendis ne caperentur ad usus ballivorum pro minori precio quam valuerunt.
Et de prisis factis per vicecomites vel per alios ballivos contra voluntatem
eorum quorum catalla fuerunt. Civitas respondit: Dicunt quod nullum
Respice in tergo.
Article XXIII. Of bribes taken for not laying hands upon corn and other
goods lest they be taken for the use of bailiffs for less price than they are
worth and of prises taken by sheriffs or other bailiffs against the will of
those to whom the goods belong. The City answered that they know of none.
The remainder on the dorse.
335. [m. 8d] Capitulum XXIIII. De novis consuetudinibus levatis in
Civitate sive in terra, sive in aqua et quis eas levavit et ubi. Civitas respondit: Dicunt quod nichil inde sciunt.
Article XXIV. Of new customs levied either on land or on water and
who levied them and where. The City answered that they know nothing
336. Capitulum XXV. De defaltis et de illis qui summoniti fuerunt ad esse
coram justiciaries primo die et non venerunt. Civitas respondit quod nullam
sciunt defaltam nisi de vicecomitibus et camerariis qui primo die non
venerunt et de illis de quibus postea justiciarii audierunt in preteritis
placitis corone sicut in placitis continetur.
Article XXV. Of defaults and those who were summoned to be before
the justices on the first day and did not come. The City answered that they
know of no default unless it be of the sheriffs and chamberlains who did
not come on the first day and of those of whom the justices heard in the
later pleas of the crown as is contained in those pleas.
337. Capitulum XXVI. De gaolis deliberatis sine warranto domini regis
tempore pacis. Civitas respondit quod nichil inde sciunt.
Article XXVI. Of gaols delivered without warrant of the king in time of
peace. The City answered that they know of none.
338. Capitulum XXVII. De usurariis christianis mortuis qui fuerunt et que
catalla habuerunt et ubi devenerunt. Civitas respondit quod nullum talem
sciebant nec sciunt in Civitate.
Article XXVII. Of Christian usurers who have died and what chattels
they had and what had become of them. The City answered that they
neither knew nor know any such in the City.
339. Capitulum XXVIII. De dampnis et prisis factis de extraneis, per quos
factum fuit et ubi et quando et de quibus rebus. Civitas respondit quod
nichil inde sciunt.
Article XXVIII. Of damages and prises taken from strangers by whom
it was done and where and when and of what things. The City answered
that it knows nothing thereof.
340. Capitulum XXIX. De evasione latronum. Civitas respondit [blank].
Article XXIX. Of the escape of thieves. The City answered [blank].
341. Capitulum XXX. De imprisonatis ad voluntatem ballivi sine causa
racionabili et liberatis sine warranto. Civitas respondit quod nullum sciunt
nisi Alwredum de Pincebeke quem Johannes de Codres tunc vicecomes
imprisonavit sicut justiciarii audierunt in presentibus placitis.
Article XXX. Of those imprisoned at the will of the bailiff without
reasonable cause and set free without warrant. The City answered that they
know no one unless it be Alfred of Pinchbeck whom John de Codres then
sheriff imprisoned as the justices heard in the present pleas.
342. Hec capitula proposuit dominus rex apud Westmonasterium in
propria persona in crastino Sancte Trinitatis unde Civitas respondit die
Mercurii proximo ante festum Sancti Barnabe Apostoli ad placita corone
apud Turrim Londoniarum sicut in hoc rotulo subnotatur.
These articles were proposed by the king himself at Westminster on the
morrow of Trinity, [30 May], and the City answered on Wednesday next
before the feast of St. Barnabas the Apostle [8 June] at the pleas of the
crown at the Tower of London as is noted below in this roll.
343. Capitulum. De purpresturis factis in Thamisia. Civitas respondit quod
nullam ibi sciunt purpresturam set ex hoc quod kayos elongaverunt vel
extenderunt versus cursum aque, et hoc bene licet eis ex omni consuetudine
ut sic terras et tenementa sua tueri possunt versus mare ascendens et
descendens die et nocte. (fn. 6) In Thamisia autem et cursu Thamisie nullum
kayum assederunt nisi prout debent et possunt ad emendacionem domini
regis et Civitatis sue et etiam ad emendacionem veniencium cum magnis
navibus carcatis versus Civitatem, quia aqua tanto profundior est et cursus
validior eo quod se ita large extendere non potest nec aliquo tempore ante
kayorum confeccionem extendere potuit. (fn. 7)
Article. On the purprestures made in the Thames. The City answered
that it knows no purpresture save that the wharves were lengthened and
extended towards the current of water and this was permissible by all
custom because thus their lands and tenements could be protected against
the sea ebbing and flowing night and day, and in the current of the Thames
they placed no wharf save that they ought and might to the advantage of
the king and the City and of the great ships fully loaded coming towards
the City because the water is so deep and the current so strong that [the
channel] could not be extended further nor at any time before the wharves
344. Capitulum. Querunt justiciarii quo warranto cives Londoniarum
hospitare fecerunt super Pontem Londoniarum. Civitas respondit quod ex
elemosinis civium Londoniarum maxima pars fabrice Pontis sustinetur et
maxime ex eisdem elemosinis custodes eiusdem Pontis et fratres shopas
super dictum Pontem edificaverunt ad sustentacionem et emendacionem
fabrice Pontis, non tamen ad deterioracionem vie quia via Pontis undique
satis larga est, (fn. 8) et transeuntes per Pontem securius et audacius se habent
cum eodem transitum facere oporteat super Pontem pro mananciis ibidem
Article. The justices ask by what warrant the citizens of London built
upon London Bridge. The City answered that for the most part the fabric
of the bridge was maintained by the alms of the citizens of London, and the
wardens and brethren of the bridge built mostly from those alms upon the
same bridge shops for the maintenance and improvement of the fabric;
this did not however cause the deterioration of the street which is sufficiently wide everywhere and those crossing by the bridge do so the more
securely and boldly for the buildings built thereon.
345. Memorandum. Die Jovis ante diem Pentecostes Alwredus de Pincebeke
ostendit justiciariis ad placita corone coram maiore Londoniarum et aliis
civibus ibidem presentibus, quod Johannes de Coudre eo tempore quo
fuit vicecomes eum iniuste imprisonavit. Johannes vero dixit quod incarceracionem illius noluit, nec potuit negare nam iuste eum imprisonavit,
dicens quod cum uxor et familia dicti Alwredi imprisonati essent apud
Neugate per appellacionem cuiusdam judei de morte uxoris eiusdem judei
et ipse Alwredus qui absens erat tune temporis veniret de nundinis de
Lenne, Johannes ab eodem plegium exigebat et ipse nolens plegium invenire
extraxit knypulum ut se defenderet contra ballivum. Justiciarii dixerunt:
qua de causa exigistis ab eis plegium cum non esset in Civitate quando illa
dicta judea deberet interfici. Johannes dixit: Ego interrogavi ab eo plegium.
Et cum extraxit knypulum, ego cepi manum suam cum knypula, qua de
causa ilium incarceravi. Justiciarii dixerunt: nullam causam habuisti ad
exigendum plegium de [dicto] (fn. 9) Alwredo et quia ipse negat quod traxit
knypulum, debet esse ad legem suam, et datum est ei iudicium per cives
quod in crastino se purget vij a manu. In crastino vero venit dictus
Alwredus cum lege sua et se purgavit sacramentaliter de illo facto. Justiciarii autem demandaverunt inde judicium. (fn. 10) Reginaldus de Bungeye pro
Civitate dixit quod Johannes de Cudres est in misericordia domini regis et
quod custodiatur quia imprisonavit dictum Alwredum, qui se purgavit de
extraccione knypuli quam ei imposuit. Justiciarii dixerunt quod nullus
ballivus de lure debet vel potest ab aliquo plegium exigere sine causa
rationabili. Item si aliquem iniuste imprisonaverit et inde quietus fuerit
erit in misericordia domini regis. Et sciendum quod equitas judicii est quod
dictus ballivus ponatur in eadem prisona et ibi remaneat per quantitatem
temporis quo alius imprisonatus fuerit. Item justiciarii dixerunt civibus
propter honorem Civitatis: Concede quod iste Johannes non sit modo
imprisonatus set tradatur vobis in ballio donee inde locuturus fuero cum
Be it remembered on Thursday before Pentecost Alfred of Pinchbeck
showed the justices of pleas of the crown before the mayor of London and
other citizens there present that John de Coudres in the time that he was
sheriff unjustly imprisoned him. John however says that he did not wish the
incarceration nor can he deny that he justly imprisoned him saying that
when the wife and family of Alfred were imprisoned at Newgate by the
appeal of a Jew for the death of his wife and Alfred who was then absent
returned from the fair of Lynn John demanded a pledge from him and he
not wishing to find a pledge drew his knife that he might defend himself
against the bailiff. The justices said: Why did you exact a pledge from him
when he was not in the City when the said Jewess was said to have been
killed ? John said: I asked him for a pledge and when he drew his knife I
seized his hand with the knife for which cause I imprisoned him. The
justices said: You had no cause to exact a pledge from the said Alfred and
since he denies that he drew his knife he ought to have his law and judgment is given by the citizens that on the morrow he should purge himself
seven-handed. On the morrow Alfred came with his law and he purged
himself by oath of that deed; but the justices demanded a judgment thereupon. Reginald of Bungay for the City said that John de Coudres is in the
king's mercy and is in custody because he imprisoned the said Alfred who
purged himself of the extraction of a knife which he accused him of. The
justices said that no bailiff by right ought or could exact a pledge from
anyone without reasonable cause. Item if he unjustly imprisoned anyone
who was quit thereof he shall be in the king's mercy. And be it known that
by equity the said bailiff should be placed in the same prison and remain
there for the same time as the other was imprisoned. Item the justices said
to the citizens on account of the honour of the City: I grant that this John
shall not now be imprisoned but shall be handed over to you in bail until
I have discussed the matter with the king.
346. Memorandum quod justiciarii dixerunt in die precedenti quod comites,
barones et libere tenentes possunt de iure rusticos suos ponere in cypro,
set non in ferro, set si eisdem liceat vendere rusticos suos sicut boves et
vaccas, non possunt nec debent illos interficere, maymiare nec vulnerare,
quia corpora et membra rusticorum tantumodo domini regis sunt.
Be it remembered that the justices said on the preceding day that earls,
barons and free tenants may lawfully put their serfs in copper but not in
iron; but if they like they may sell their serfs like oxen or cows but they
may not kill them, maim them or wound them 1 cause the bodies and
members of the serfs belong only to the king.
347. Memorandum quod, cum maior Londoniarui die Lune post festum
Sancti Barnabe calumpniasset, sicut antea pluries campniavit, in presentibus placitis de hoc quod justiciarius fecit irrotulari oncordiam de quadam
convencione ad placita terre spectante factam izer priorem hospitalis
Sancti Thome ultra Pontem et Petrum filium Rojeri, dicit quod illa inrotulacio ad magnum dampnum libertatis Londo iarum in futuris temporibus posset contingere. Justiciarii dixerunt: Hoc quod nos irrotulari
fecimus non est ad preiudicium libertatis Londoniarum, quia nulla appellacio sive responsio de placitis terre hic facta est unde iudicium emergere
debeat aut aliquis debeat in misericordiam incidere.
Be it noted that since the mayor of London or the Monday after the
feast of St. Barnabas [13 June 1244] complained as he had previously
several times complained in the present pleas that a justice caused to be
enrolled the agreement relating to the plea of landmade between the prior
of the hospital of St. Thomas beyond the Bridge and Peter fitz Roger, he
says that the enrolment could in future times be very detrimental to the
liberty of London. The justices said: What we have caused to be enrolled
is not to the prejudice of the liberty of London because no appeal or answer
to pleas of land is made here whence a judgement cuoght to emerge nor can
it cause anyone to fall into mercy.