File of Viewers' Reports 1509-46 [B]
1540-46 (nos 143-205

Sponsor

London Record Society

Publication

Author

Janet Senderowitz Loengard (editor)

Year published

1989

Supporting documents

Pages

58-84

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'File of Viewers' Reports 1509-46 [B]: 1540-46 (nos 143-205', London viewers and their certificates, 1508-1558: Certificates of the sworn viewers of the City of London (1989), pp. 58-84. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=36058 Date accessed: 19 September 2014.


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1540–46 (nos 143–205

143. [B.138] (fn. 1) 31 January 1540.

Parish of St. Katharine Christchurch. Variance between Lawrence Maxwell and Ellys Dyall, citizens and tilers, pls., and Thomas Cutberd, barbersurgeon, def., concerning a certain old pale. The viewers say that the pale is 86 ft. 11 in. in length between the SW corner of a post of a house there of def. and the NW corner of a post of another house there, also of def. The pale ought to be made and set line right all that length, between the W side of the two posts, at costs and charges of def. Without etc.

Endorsed: 4.4 a[nno] 31 Hollys

Subscribed: 17 Feb[ruarii] a[nno] 31 H[enrici] 8

144. [B. 139] 24 March 1540.

To the Right honorable Lorde the Mayre of the Citie of London and to his worshipfull brethern the Aldermen of the same.

Shewen unto your good lordship and discrete wisedoms the xxiiiith day of March in the xxxith yere of the Reigne of our soveraigne lorde Kyng Henry the VIIIth, John Hylmer, William Walker, John Kyng, & Henry Pesemede, the iiii maisters of Fremasons and Carpenters, viewers indifferent [sworn] to the said Citie, that where as they were late charged by your honorable commaundement [to view and] overse a certain lane against the South syde of the parysshe Churche of Saint Martyn [in the Vintry] of London The whiche lane the said iiii viewers by all their discrecions have [viewed] In the presence & sight of the Right worshipfull maister Dormer, Alderman of the same [Ward] and [Master George] Medley, Chamberleyn of the said Citie, and dyvers other Inhabitantes . . . present, And thereupon the said iiii viewers saye that the said lane . . . therof v fote iii Inches of assise and hath ben used and accustomed tyme [out of mind] to be a common wey from the high strete of the vyntry downe to the Wharf there and specially . . . half of the lane from the said high strete to the turning before the Celere there whiche hath ben moste used and there the said lane ys in wydenes v fote of assise. And the other half of the said lane ys stopped up by the assent & agreement of the maister and wardeyns of the Merchanttailllors, owners of bothe sydes of the said lane, Edward Burlace, mercer, beyng tenant on the West syde & John Chamber, vyntner, being tenant on the Estsyde thurghout all that ys stopped up of the said lane. And at the end of the said lane abuttyng to the Wharf there the said lane was in wydnes but iiii fote & di. of assise and there sometyme was a grate and iii high steppes to mount upon the said Wharf. And they say that the said lane was but a fowle blynde lane & did litle good, and that it may be well spared and foreborne, notwithstonding that it hath ben of olde tyme accustomed to be a comon way as aforesaid.

Endorsed: 19.6 a[nn]o 31

See 145 below.

145. [B.140] 24 March 1540.

To the Right honorable lorde the Mayre of the Citie of London and to his worshipfull brethern the Aldermen of the same.

Shewen unto your good lordship and discrete wisedoms the xxiiiith daye of Marche in the xxxith yere of the Reigne of our soveraign lord Kyng Henry the VIIIth, John Hylmer, William Walker, John Kyng, & Henry Pesmede, the iiii maisters of Fremasons and Carpenters, Viewers indifferent sworne to the said Citie, That where as they were late charged by your honorable commaundement to view and overse a certain lane against the south syde of the parysshe Churche of saint Martyn in the Vyntry of London, the whiche lane hath ben used & accustomed over tyme oute of mynde to be a comen wey from the Vyntry down to the watersyde of Thamyse till nowe of late that same lane ys stopped & closed up by Edward Burlace, mercer, who hath a leasse of the maister & wardeins of merchaunttailors aswell of certain Celers or Warehouses on the Este syde of the said lane as also of a gardeyn grounde on the West syde of the same lane. By reason whereof the said Edward hath taken into his said gardeyn the bredeth of the said lane by all the lenght of the same gardeyn. The whiche lane the said iiii viewers by all their discrecions have viewed & seen in the presence & sight of the Right Worshipfull maister Dormer, Alderman of the warde there; Maister Medley, Chamberleyn of the said Citie, and divers other Inhabitantes of the said warde beyng present, And therupon the said viewers saye that the said lane was but narowe & a fowle blynd lane and did litle good and that it may be well spared and foreborne, Notwithstonding that it hath ben of olde tyme accustomed to be a comon wey as is abovesaid.

Endorsed: (at left) 10 Aprilis a[nn]o 31 h[enrici] 8 (at right) 5 April a[nn]° 31 . . .

146. [B.141] 30 July 1540.

Parish of St. Pancras. Variance between the parson and churchwardens of the parish of St. Christopher and Bartholomew Barnes, mercer, concerning a certain stone wall standing on the E side of the ground of Barnes adjoining against the tenement belonging to the parson and churchwardens. The view is with assent and consent of the parties. The viewers say that the ground of Barnes, with the thickness of the stone wall also belonging to him, is 30 ft. 7 in. in breadth at the N end between the W side of the tenement of the parson and churchwardens stretching westward to the little lane there called Pupkyrtell Lane. And stretching [southward] from the [NW] corner post of the said tenement of St. Christopher's 45 ft. to the SW corner post of the tenement, Barnes' ground and wall is 26 ft. 4 in. in breadth stretching westward to the little lane. All which premises aforerehearsed the viewers affirm to be true. Without etc.

147. [B.142] (fn. 2) Parish of St. Pancras. Variance between the parson and churchwardens of St. Christopher and Bartholomew Barnes, mercer, concerning a certain tenement with a shop. The view is with assent and consent of both parties. The viewers say that the shop is 8 ft. 1 in. in breadth against the street E and W and in length from the street southward 12 ft. 10 in. There it is 8 ft. 10 in. in breadth and it is 9 ft. in height. The shop is line right and plumb and belongs to the parson and churchwardens in length, breadth, and heighth. All over the shop at . . . belongs to Barnes. The tenement at the S end of the shop is 42 ft. 2 in. in length from the same . . . And it is 21 ft. 9 in. in breadth at both ends between the ground of Barnes [on the W] and the little alley there on the E. By all the length . . . thereof line right and plumb it belongs to the parson and churchwardens. 'All which premises in manner and form aforerehearsed the said iiii viewers affirm to be true'. Without etc.

148. [B. 143] 4 August 1540.

Parish of St. Magnus. Variance between William Frestone, grocer, pl., and Robert Doket, grocer, def., concerning a certain entry. The viewers say that the entry is 4 ft. in breadth against the king's highway and 29 ft. in length from the street stretching westward; there [at the W end] it is 3 ft. 9½ in. in breadth or wideness. By all its length and breadth it is under the frame and building of the house and tenement there in the tenure and holding of pl., as it plainly appears. Without etc.

149. [B.144] 4 August 1540.

Parish of St. Thomas the Apostle. Variance between John Abbot, carpenter, pl., and Thomas Howe, merchant taylor, def., concerning a certain stone wall standing in the Ryall. The viewers say that from the S side of the stone tower there called 'the Tower in the Ryall', belonging to def., stretching eastward to a SE corner post also belonging to def., all the stone wall standing from the lineright [sic] southward line right and plumb between the S side of the tower and the S side of the corner post, belongs wholly to pl. Without etc.

150. [B.145] 13 September 1540.

Parish of St. Andrew nigh Baynards Castle. Variance between the parson and churchwardens of the church, pls., and Robert Hamond, woodmonger, def., concerning a certain lane called Rest Lane leading down to the common stair at the Thames side called the 'Newe Steyre'. The viewers say that the lane ought of right to be 9 ft. in wideness at the N end, between the tenement of pl. on the W and the ground, also of pl. and now unbuilt, on the E. The lane ought of right to be a common way for all the king's subjects to go and resort to the stair and water. There ought to be a post set in the middle of the N end of the lane at costs and charges of pls., so that no manner of cart nor 'carre' shall have any recourse or way through the lane, for fear of damage and peril to the king's liege people forasmuch as the lane is so narrow and strait that no man can pass by any cart or 'carre' there without great nuisance and peril. The def. as well as all other persons having or keeping any wharf there and keeping or occupying any cart or 'carre' ought of right to make ways for the same through their own grounds into the king's high street and not to come within the said lane for annoyance of the king's liege people, as is aforesaid. And furthermore, the said ground of pl., now to be built upon, is 24 ft. 8 in. in breadth between an old tenement there late belonging to the Charterhouse next London on the E and the common lane on the W. All which premises etc., without etc.

Endorsed: 16.11 A[nn]o 32 H[enrici] 8 Blackwell

151. [B.146] (fn. 3) 9 March 1541.

Parish of St. Botolph nigh Billingsgate. Variance between the parson and church wardens of the parish, pls., and John Brown of Writtle (Wretyll) in the county of Essex, gentleman, def., concerning a certain wall of stone and brick set and being in Botolph Lane, for certain buildings which pls. intend to make and erect upon their own ground at the E end of the churchyard. The viewers find that the wall is a partible wall between the churchyard and the W end of a house and garden belonging to def. and now in tenure of George Thompson. From the NE corner post of a house there belonging to pls., pls. ought of right to have the stone wall to a thickness of 16½ in. eastward. From that corner post stretching northward 35 ft. 9½ in., pls. ought to have 8 in. of the thickness of the wall. By all the length, pls. may lawfully build on the party wall line right and plumb from place to place as aforelimited, without etc.

Endorsed: . . . Blakwell . . .

152. [B. 147] 10 June 1541.

John Hylmer, William Walker, Henry Pesemede, and John Arnold, masons and carpenters, viewers.

Parish of St. Peter night Paul's Wharf. Variance between Sir Gilbert Talbot, knight, and Sir Anthony Lee, knight, concerning ground where an old brick wall has fallen down and a new wall is to be made in the same place where the old wall stood. The view is with assent of both parties. The viewers say that the old wall stood between a post on the S stretching northward 25 ft. 10 in. to another post on the N. The two posts stand on the W part, and belong wholly to the house of Sir Anthony. Forasmuch as the old wall stood between the two posts on his ground, the new wall ought of right to be made thereof brick or timber at the costs and charges of Sir Anthony. And the house of Sir Gylbert stands on the E side. The new wall ought to be made as aforesaid, without etc.

Endorsed: 12.8 A[nno] 33 H[enrici] 8 seq[ui]t[u]r iste visus et sol[utum] feod[um] co[mmun]is clerici Blakwell

153. [B.148] 11 June 1541.

To the Right honorable lorde the Mayre of the Citie of London and his worshipfull brethern the Aldermen of the same.

Shewen unto your good lordship & discrete wisedoms the xith daye of Juyn in the xxxiiith yere of the Reigne of our Soveraigne lorde Kyng Henry the VIIIth, John Hylmer, William Walker, Henry Pesemede & John Arnold, the iiii maisters of Fremasons & Carpenters, Viewers indifferent sworne to the said Citie, That where as they were late charged by your honorable commaundement to viewe & overse a certain grounde for a defence to be made & set upon the parysshe of Saint Botolf without Algate in the suburbes of London, nowe beyng in variance bitwene Antony Antony, Bierbruer, playntyf of the one partie, and John Kedyrmyster, draper, of the other partie, Whiche grounde the said iiii viewers by all their discrecions have viewed & seen and therupon they saye that they fynd there an old pale post at the southend of a brykwall there belonging to the said playntyf ayenst the East And stretching from the said old post westward against the kynges highwey to a southwest corner post belonging to the said defendant the lenght wherof bitwene the said ii postes ys Clxxiii fote x inches of assise. The whiche defence oweth of right to be made by all the said lenght lyneright & plombe bitwene the said postes at the costes and charges of the said defendant. Without there can be any other evidence shewed to the contrary.

Endorsed: 12.8 A[nn]o 33 H[enrici] 8 infert[ur] iste visus etc. ij. 12 . . . tunc prox[imum] etc. Hayward sol[uit] feod[um] co[mmun]is clerici etc.

154. [B. 149] 12 July 1541.

Parish of St. Martin in the Vintry. Variance between Roger Tirry, alias Trerice, cooper (cowper), pl., and the master and wardens of the Merchant Taylors, defs., concerning a nuisance of a wall. The viewers find the E side of defs.' house there, stretching 30 ft. from the N to the E end. All the water of the E side all that length falls on the ground of pl. Defs. ought of right to make a fillet gutter to bear and convey all the water into their own ground according to the custom of the City, so that it does not fall onto the ground of pl. Also, there is brickwork set out without defs.' stone wall for conveyance of a withdraught out of defs.' house eastward to the common sewer. The brickwork is 5 ft. 6 in. in length from N to S and 12 in. in breadth at the N end outside the stone wall and 11 in. at the S end; it ought of right to be taken away by pl. forasmuch as it is a great nuisance. Also there is another withdraught there, conveyed with brickwork out of the house that William Lacy dwells in. It is 4 ft. 6 in. in length and it stands without the stone wall 16 in. at the E end. It is also a great nuisance and ought of right to be taken away and stopped up by pl. All which premises and nuisances etc., without etc.

Endorsed: Rec[eptus] 2 s. pro feod[o] meo pro presen[?tacione] 7.11 A[nn]o 33 H[enrici] 8 super recepcione Blak[well]

155. [B. 150] 12 July 1541.

Parish of St. Michael Pater Noster. Variance between Roger Kydman, pl., and the Lord Marquis Dorset, owner, and Thomas Donne, his tenant by lease, defs., concerning an old stone wall. The viewers say that the wall is 52 ft. 6 in. in length from N to S and 2 ft.4 in. in thickness. It is partible all its length. Pl. ought of right to have for his part 19 in. of thickness and defs. the residue, 9 in. Also, a partible lead gutter lies on the wall to bear and convey the water of both houses. All which premises etc., without etc.

Endorsed: . . . rec 2 s. 15.9 a[nn]o 33 H[enrici] 8 te[mpore] recepcionis p[re]sent[u]m etc. Blakwell

156. [B. 151] 12 July 1541.

Parish of St. Olave [Hart Street]. Variance between Richard Eton, pl., and John Jenkynson, owner, and Eleanor Smarte, widow, his tenant by lease, defs., concerning certain nuisances in Mart Lane. The viewers say that the S end of the house of defs. is 31 ft. in length from the gable end against the E stretching westward. All the water of the S side for all that length falls on pl.'s house and ground. Defs. ought of right to make a fillet gutter of lead on the side of their house to bear and convey the water into the street so that it does not annoy pl. Also, one John Pratt has taken away a gutter of lead between the two old houses by reason of the building of the house he dwells in, which he holds by lease of the king's highness and which adjoins the S end of pl. 's house. The gutter conveyed the water of the gutters of both pl.'s and defs.' houses from the gutters of the back side of the houses into the street side; it was 18 ft. in length from the old gutters to the street. Pratt ought of right to make a new lead gutter between his new house and pl.'s house to convey the water of both tenements into the street, at his own costs and charges. Also, a new post at the NE corner of the new house is set within the house of pl. by 7 in.; it ought to be withdrawn and set back. Also the viewers by all their discretions say that, as the said two tenements of old time were divided as they now are in possession of their owners now being and those that hereafter shall be, so they ought to continue forever. All which premises and nuisances etc., without etc.

Endorsed: Rec[eptus] 7.11 a[nn]o 33 h[enrici] 8

157. [B. 152] 25 July 1541.

Parish of St. Peter nigh Paul's Wharf. Variance between John Good, dyer, tenant to the master and wardens of Dyers, pl., and Master George Medley, Chamberlain of the City of London, def., concerning a putgaley set and being in Boss Lane, otherwise called King's Lane. The viewers say that the frame of timberwork that the putgaley stands on is 16 ft. in length from the waterside of Thames against the S stretching northward. There the said lane is 4 ft. 8 in. in breadth from E to W. The putgaley stands on the W side of the lane on common ground of the City and so ought of right to continue. Further, there is an oven standing on the E side of the lane which is set out into the lane 2 ft. and is 5 ft. 6 in. in length; it stands on common ground and ought of right to be withdrawn and taken away by the owner of the same. All which premises etc., without etc.

158. [B.153] (fn. 4) 1 August 1541.

Parish of All Hallows Barking. Variance between the master and wardens of the Drapers, pls., and John Asshton, gentleman, def., concerning certain nuisances in Mart Lane. The viewers find the back of a chimney of def. edified and set 3 ft. 9 in. within and upon ground of pls. They also find the back side of an oven standing 6 ft. 9 in. southward into pls.' tenement; it is 7 ft. in length from E to W. The chimney and oven ought by all their length and breadth to be withdrawn and taken away by def. or else pls. may lawfully take away as much as stands on their ground. Furthermore, the S side of a house lately built and in tenancy of def. encroaches and is built on ground of pls. 8 ft. 5 in. at the E end from N to S and stretching westward 21 ft. 9 in. from the W side of an old stone wall of pl. to the E side of a brick wall of the Mercers. By all that length and breadth the building stands on pls.' garden ground and ought of right to be withdrawn by def. line right and plumb from place to place as aforelimited. All which nuisances etc., without etc.

Endorsed: r[eceptus] 2 s. 16.11 a[nn]o 33 h[enrici] 8 super recepcione istius visus [?hunc] Cur[iam] illat' Blackwell

159. [B.154] (fn. 5) 1 August 1541.

Parish of Our Blessed Lady of Aldermary. Variance between the master and wardens of the Drapers, pls., and the parson and churchwardens of Aldermary, defs., concerning certain nuisances. The viewers find a new tenement belonging to defs. with certain new buildings at the back of it westward. The new building at its SW corner post is set and encroaches southward 1 in. on pls.' ground; stretching eastward along the S side of the new buildings 16 ft. 6 in. from the SW corner post to another principal post of the tenement, that post is set and encroaches 6 in. southward on pls.' ground. The SE corner post and S side of the upper storey of the new tenement on the side toward the street encroach and are set 5 in. southward upon pls.' ground. All which encroachments ought of right to be withdrawn by all their length and breadth line right and plumb from place to place as aforelimited at defs.' costs and charges. Further, all the water of the gutters of the S side of the new buildings is conveyed so that it falls into pls.' grounds. Defs. ought of right to bear their own water with fillet gutters and convey it into their own ground or else into the street. All which premises etc., without etc.

Endorsed: rec[eptus] 2 s. 16.11 a[nno] 33 h[enrici] 8 super recepcione presens' Blackwell

160. [B.155] 9 November 1541.

Parish of St. Mary Magdalen in Old Fish Street. Variance between William Holyngworth, fishmonger, pl., and the parson and churchwardens of the parish church, defs., concerning a new frame of timber work with a fore storey toward the street side in Knightrider Street, lately made by pl. by virtue of a lease of a chamber made to him by defs. The frame is 19 ft. 9 in. in length from E to W. The whiche newe frame the said iiii viewers by all their discretions have viewed and seen and therupon they saye that the said playntif oweth of right to sett or ley the nethersyde of his plate of his frame equall with the upper parte of the flore of the said Chambre, the whiche ys in height from the said flore to the nether syde of the gyeste abovehed x fote iiii inches of assise. And further the said viewers sayen that the said plate of the said story shalbe cut in two peces, that is to say, to every syde of the celer dore under the said Chamber, and ii posts of xii inches of height shalbe sett upon the said plate with a transom of tymber upon the heddes of the same postes to reserve a commonyon of wey down into the said Celer. And so the said playntif to enjoy the said Chamber with thappurtenances by all the said lengt and height accordyng to the tenor and effect of his said lease.' Without etc.

Endorsed: xi die Novembris Anno infrascript[o] infert[ur] istam per infranominat[um] Henr[icum] Pesemede et eodem die copia inde deliberat[a] fuit Henr[ico] Pemerton uni gardian p[ar]ochie infrascript[e]. Et eodem xi die Novembris idem Gardian sol[uit] feod[um] co[mmun]is Clerici v s. Blakwell

161. [B.156] 24 November 1541.

Parish of St. Michael at Queenhithe. Variance between Richard Broke, salter, and John Hyll, concerning a certain woodhouse or storehouse by the ground now in tenure of Broke and a chamber over the same house now in tenure of Hyll, being all one frame. The view is by assent and agreement of both parties. The viewers say that the woodhouse or storehouse and chamber built on it are 16 ft. 6 in. in length E and W and 13 ft. 4 in. in breadth N and S. Forasmuch as the woodhouse or storehouse has been in the tenure and holding of Broke and his predecessors of long time, it ought so to continue and be repaired or built from the ground up to the floor of the chamber as often as need be at costs and charges of Broke and his successors. And the chamber from the nether side of the floor upward, as it has of long time belonged to Hyll and his predecessors, ought to continue and to be repaired and built as often as need shall require from the floor upward as aforesaid at costs and charges of Hyll and his successors. And so both parties to continue and enjoy, either of them, his own part of the premises as is aforedeclared and as it has been used of long continuance. Without etc.

162. [B. 157] 1 March 1542.

Parishes of All Hallows [Bread Street] and St. Mildred in Bread Street. Variance between the dean and chapter of the cathedral church of St. Paul's and the master and wardens of the Salters, concerning a certain old stone wall with certain old buildings set upon it. The view is with assent and consent of both parties. The viewers say the wall is partible. From the N side of the NW corner principal post of the tenement of the dean and chapter standing on the wall against the king's highway of Bread Street and stretching eastward 37 ft. 2 in., the dean and chapter ought of right to have 6½ in. of the thickness of the wall from the S side northward, line right and plumb. At the end of that length there is an angle against another NW corner principal post of the tenement of the dean and chapter; from that post stretching eastward 21 ft. 9 in. (the whole length of the grounds of the dean and chapter), the [part of] the wall of the dean and chapter is 15 in. in thickness from the S side northward, line right and plumb all the length. All the residue of the thickness northward, line right and plumb from place to place, belongs to the Salters. Without etc.

Endorsed: . . . [?3] Marcii a[nno] 33 h[enrici] 8 infert[ur] iste visus etc. et [?ii] s. sol[utum] feod[um] co[mmun]is clerici etc.

163. [B. 158] 4 March 1542.

Parish of Our Blessed Lady of Bow. [No variance stated]. The viewers have been charged to view at the request and desire of the parson and churchwardens of the parish church and by the assent and consent of the parson and churchwardens of St. Christopher, for the purpose of viewing and measuring all the ground belonging to the parson and churchwardens of Bow and new and old buildings set in the parishes of Our Lady of Colechurch and St. Pancras. The viewers say that the great new house lately built by Bartholomew Barnes, mercer, who holds the ground in lease from the parson and churchwardens of Bow, is 28 ft. 8 in. in breadth from the NW corner principal post of the house stretching eastward by the king's highway of Westcheap to the NE corner principal post. And the house with its appurtenances is 116 ft. 10 in. in length on the W side from the said NW corner post stretching southward along by Tupkyrtell Lane (fn. 6) to St. Pancras church. And it is 110 ft. in length on the E side from the NE principal corner post stretching southward to the church of St. Pancras. And the ground with the old house of the parson and churchwardens of Bow, now being taken down, is 16 ft. 4½ in. in length from the said NE corner post of the new house stretching eastward, and there the ground and old housing is [?10] ft. 8 in. in breadth from Westcheap stretching southward to the ground there of the parson and churchwardens of St. Christopher's. Stretching 8 ft. 4 in. more eastward [from the 16 ft. 4½ in.] by the street side to a lane called Byrd Alley, (fn. 7) that measure of 8 ft. 4 in. E and W belongs to the parson and churchwardens of St. Christopher's. And the ground is 12 ft. in depth from the NE corner post of an old house on the same ground stretching southward by the lane. And the first storey of the old house is 10 ft. in height from the ground and pavement of the street to the upper part of the joists of the first floor, which first storey by all the 10 ft. in height, 8 ft. 4 in. E and W, and 12 ft. N and S, line right and plumb, belongs wholly to the parson and churchwardens of St. Christopher's. And from the first storey and floor above the said 10 ft. height by all the measure of 8 ft. 4 in. E and W and 12 ft. N and S, upright line right and plumb, belongs wholly to the parson and churchwardens of Bow. All which premises the iiii viewers affirm to be true. Without etc.

164. [B.159] (fn. 8) 10 March 1542.

Parish of St. Magnus. [No variance stated.] (fn. 9) The viewers have been charged to view and see two old houses, one belonging to [the Master of the Bridge]house and the other to Richard Felde, draper. The view is [by assent] of both parties. The viewers say that the house of Richard Felde is 8 ft. in breadth on the E [between the] N and S stretching northward from the SE corner post. It is 13 ft. 2½ in. in length on the S side from the SE corner post stretching westward. It is 14 ft. 9 in. in length on the N side [from the NE corner post] stretching westward. It is 8 ft. 1½ in. in breadth on the W side N and S stretching [from the SW corner post] to the NW corner post. The house belonging to the Bridgemaster . . . the said Bridge Street toward the E from the SE corner post of the house stretching northward to the NE corner post. It is 14 ft. 9 in. in length on the S side toward Felde's house from the SE corner post northward to the SW [corner post]. It is 15 ft. 9 in. in length on the N side from the NE corner post stretching westward [to the NW corner post]. The two old houses are both decayed for lack of reparations. The foundations are sunken toward the S, by reason whereof both houses overhang southwards. Either party ought of right to repair and build his own house and set it upright so that 'either house may stand upon hymself and so that 'neither of the houses do lene nor overhang [the] other. Nor to be tyed togeder with boltes and dogges of iron [as it hath been] in tymes past, the which tying togeder and lak of good foundations hath ben the cause of the synking and decaye of the said houses.' All which etc., without etc.

Endorsed: 21.[?8] A[nno] 33 H[enrici]8. Infert[ur] iste visus et . . . sol[utam] mediat[atem] feod[i] co[mmun]is clerici per infranominat[um] Ric[ardu]m Felde.

165. [B. 160] 21 March 1542.

Parish of All Hallows the Great in Thames Street. Variance between the parson and churchwardens of St. Michael in Crooked Lane, pls., and the parson and churchwarden of All Hallows, defs., concerning a certain annuity and quit-rent of 26s. 8d. sterling by year which pls. claim of defs. and which defs.' predecessors have paid long and many years past of the gift and legacy and bequest of Thomas Attelegh, citizen and stockfishmonger, out of and for a certain cellar and void place above the same which sometime belonged to Thomas and Helen, his wife, deceased. The viewers say that as it appears by a deed, made by Thomas Attelegh and Helen, his wife, and enrolled in the Hustings of London, the cellar and void place over it lay on the S part of the said church of 'All Saints' and was 18 ft. 6 in. in length on the N side from the SE corner of the chancel of the church stretching westward under the wall of the chancel to a tenement of Sir Nicholas de Lonergue, (fn. 10) knight, on the W; it was 14 ft. in breadth on the E from the SE corner of the chancel stretching southward to the SE corner of the cellar and void place. It was 18 ft. in length on the S side from the SE corner stretching westward to the tenement of Sir Nicholas and it was 14 ft. 9 in. in breadth on the W from the SW corner of the cellar stretching northward to the chancel. By all the viewers can find or perceive, the predecessors of defs. have built and made the S aisle of their church and charnel house over and upon the cellar and void place. And the Church of All Saints from the NE corner of its steeple stretching eastward and all the E end, that is to say the chancel or quire, and all the S aisle of the church, has been new made and built a long time since (sithen) the making and enrolling of the deed. By reason whereof the cellar and void place lie under the E end of the S aisle, chancel, and charnel house of the church. All which the viewers suppose and affirm to be true in manner and form aforerehearsed without etc. (fn. 11)

Endorsed: 26.8 a[nno]33 . . . iste . . . co[mmun]is cler[ici] . . .

166. [B. 161] 30 March 1542.

Parish of St. Matthew in Friday Street. Variance between the master and wardens of the Goldsmiths, pls., and John Olyff, barbersurgeon, and his tenant, defs., concerning a certain tenement with the tewel (towell) of a withdraught. The viewers find by an old deed containing the measure of the tenement that in old time the tenement was divided by its owner; that is, the nether part and foundation which is now a vault for a withdraught belongs to pls. by all the length, breadth, and depth thereof, as appears by the deed. And the warehouse and solar over and above it belongs to defs. by all the length and breadth thereof. Over the solar and warehouse there is another solar with other edifications upright over and above it which belongs to pls., as appears by the deed. The tewel of the withdraught belonging to pls. ought to be repaired or new made and set within the frame, plate, and room that the old tewel now stands at costs and charges of pls. without any let, interruption, or contradiction of defs. at any time hereinafter, when need shall be. Since both pls. and defs. have stools of easement with towells into the vault and withdraught, the vault and withdraught ought to be purged and cleansed as often as need be at equal cost of both. All which premises etc., without etc.

167. [B. 162] 20 May 1542.

Parish of St. Andrew Undershaft. Variance between the master and wardens of the Fishmongers, pls., and the master and wardens of the Carpenters, defs., concerning a certain piece of garden ground with a pale thereon. The viewers say that the ground is 10 ft. in breadth in the N part from the SE corner of a stone house of pls. stretching eastward to the E end] of the pale. [The ground is] 9 ft. 3 in. from the NW corner of a brick wall standing on the S side of the garden ground stretching eastward to the E side of the pale. (The brick wall stands 10 in. northward on the ground of pls.) The ground is 61 ft. in length N and S between the said SE corner post of the stone house and the said NW corner of the brick wall. The garden ground in all length and breadth, line right and plumb between the limits, 'the iiii viewers say in the judgement and sight of a man's ie belongeth to the said plaintifes' and the pale ought to be removed and set line right and plumb between the two corners of the stone house and brick wall. Without etc.

168. [B.163] 19 June 1542.

Parish of St. Botolph nigh Billingsgate. Variance between Edward Hall, pl., and Nicholas Howe, def., concerning a certain rasen and entertise [sic] of an old house. The viewers say that the rasen is 41 ft. 8 in. in length from the SE corner post that bears it at the S end stretching northward to the NE corner post that bears it at the N end; the rasen and entertise belong wholly to pl. Whereas three beams and nine single rafters belonging to def. rest upon part of the rasen, the viewers say that def. at his own costs and charges ought of right to withdraw them and also the joists as much as they rest on the rasen and entertise. Without etc.

169. [B. 164] 26 June 1542.

Parish of St. Botolph without Aldgate. Variance between William Myles, [blank], pl., and Andrew Morys, grocer, def., concerning a certain ground for a new brick wall to be made and set up. The viewers say that the ground is 54 ft. 2 in. in length from the NW corner of the brick wall of pl. stretching northward to the NE corner of a post of a house there of def. The new brick wall ought of right to be set on grounds of def.; that is, to wit, on the W side of a line to be set between the said two limits and corners, line right and plumb, at costs and charge of def., without etc.

Endorsed: 28.8 A[nno Henrici 8] 34

11.10 copia deliberat[a] fuit ux[ori] querentis infrascript[i]

170. [B. 165] 15 July 1542.

Parish of St. Dionis. Variance between Henry Dolfyn, draper, and John Dymok, draper, concerning a certain noisome withdraught, 'which withdraught the said iiii viewers by all their discrecions have not oonly viewed and seen by thassent and agreement of bothe the said parties but also Mr. Thomas Bowyer, beyng the Aldermans deputie there, and the said viewers togethere have called afore theym the said parties, the whiche have graunted and promysed bothe to abyde and stand to the jugement of the said viewers aswell concernyng the breakyng up and clensyng of the withdraught as also the makyng up of the same ageyn'. The viewers say that the withdraught is partible. Dolfyn has but one stool, which serves only his own chamber. Dymok has three stools: one for his own chamber, another for his maidens' chamber, and the third for his menservants' chamber. Nevertheless, the viewers have caused the wall of the withdraught to be broken within the warehouse of Dolfyn 'and so to be clensed and conveyed through his house, the which was to hym and all his house a great noysaunce beyng no lesse then xxx tonne, as a reaport ys made thereof to the said viewers, which perceive well and se that the said withdraught ys made clene for many yeres to come. Wherefore, and in consideration that the said Dymok as is aforesaid hath iii stoles and the said Dolfyn but one, and Dolfyn hath had all the noyaunce and trouble about the makyng clene thereof and the said Dymok none at all, the said iiii viewers in their consciences thynk indifferent and do judge that the said Dymok shall pay and bere all the charges aswell of the clensyng and caryng awey of the withdraught as also of makyng up the wall ageyn where it was broken, at his own coste and charge. Whiche will coste in all things in the estimation of the said viewers lvis., viiid.'

171. [B.166] (fn. 12) 18 August 1542.

Ward of Farringdon ex[tra] in the suburbs of London. Variance between Thomas Babyngton, Esq., warden or keeper of the king's gaol of the Fleet, pl., and William Collyns, carpenter, Thomas Cosyn, butcher, and diverse other inhabitants or dwellers nigh adjoining the wall of the Fleet, defs., concerning nuisances, hurts, and detriments. The viewers find a garden ground to the E [of the Fleet] belonging to Collyns which is so high raised and enhanced that not only may he, his wife, and his servants stand in his garden and look over the coping of the Fleet wall (the coping of the brick of which has been broken in diverse places), but also a great release (relees) of a brick water table above the foundation of the wall is drowned and buried under the earth of the garden, to the great hurt of the wall. The viewers say Colyns ought of right to take away all the earth that lies on the water table and not to lay nor set anything on any part of the wall. He ought to amend the coping of the wall where it is broken and not to set nor make any manner of building near the wall. Moreover, he has a brick cistern for a withdraught adjoining close to the Fleet wall without any wall between the withdraught and the Fleet wall to 'defend' the ordure of the withdraught. It is unlawfully done and ought not to be suffered. Also the viewers find in the ground belonging to 'the Bel Savage', now in tenure of Thomas Cosyn, [?a withdraught] and gutter of lead which he built so near the Fleet wall that the water of the gutter and withdraught issues through . . . to the great nuisance of the garden of the Fleet and all the king's subjects resorting to it; he ought to withdraw all clean away from the wall. The ground of Cosyn is raised and enhanced with dung, which not only lies over and upon the release and water table of brick of the wall, to its great hurt and decay, 'but also the coping of the wall is broken with lokyng over into the Flete gardyn'. Cosyn ought to make repairs and to remove and take away the earth. Nothing is to be laid or set upon the release or water table, for it belongs wholly to the Fleet wall. Furthermore . . . built and set adjoining to the Fleet wall over and upon the release and brick water table, and diverse holes are broken into the same. [They shall be repaired] and no man shall build so nigh the wall. All which premises etc., without etc.

172. [B. 167] 18 August 1542.

Parish of All Hallows in Honey Lane. Variance between Master Andrew Judde, Alderman, and John Garwey, mercer, executors of the testament of Master John Fayry, deceased, and the owner or landlord of a tenement in Westcheap, pls., and John Butler, tenant of the same by lease, def., concerning certain 'selyngs of waynescot, shelfes and warebourdes' in the shop, warehouse, and kitchen of the tenement, to determine whether the ceilings, shelves, and wareboards or any part of them may be removed and taken away without the assent and will of the landlord. The viewers say that the ceiling is set and made in the hall of the tenement and in two chambers over it, containing in all 89 yards square or thereabout. 'And that asmoche of the said selynges, shelfes, warebourdes and other necessaryes as have ben made in tyme past withyn the said tenement by tenantes of the same for their own ease whiche is not fastened nor nayled unto any part of the frame of the said tenement with any manner of nayles or pynnes of iron or tymber may be lawfully taken awey. And all suche of the premisses as be fastened or nayled with any nayle or pyn as is aforesaid may not be removed nor taken awey without speciall licence of the said landlord. Except there be any covenant or promise made to the contrary.'

173. [B.168] 18 September 1542.

Parish of St. Olave in Silver Street. Variance between John Twyford, vintner, pl., and George Isotson, butcher, def., which two parties have and hold certain tenements by lease of the master and brethren of St. Bartholomew's Hospital in West Smithfield of London, concerning a certain little alley ground. The viewers say that the alley is 5 ft. in wideness at its W end against Mugwell Street at the door of the alley. At the E end, against the tenements of def., it is 5 ft. 8 in. in wideness. It is 25 ft. 8 in. in length between the limits. In all its length and breadth the viewers say by all their discretion the alley belongs of right to pl. Without etc.

174. [B.169] 18 September 1542.

Parish of St. Martin in the Vintry. [No variance stated]. The viewers have been charged to view and oversee a certain new frame for a house which one Robert Swayne, cooper, is setting up, to determine whether it is set on any part of the common ground of the City. The viewers say that the frame is 11 ft. 11 in. in wideness from its SW corner post stretching northwards to a stone wall and it is 23 ft. 4½ in. in length from the SW corner post stretching eastward. It is 11 ft. 9½ in. in wideness at the E end. It is encroached and set westward on the common ground of the lane there; it ought of right to be withdrawn eastward 1 in. Furthermore, there is a little lane on the S side of the new frame which has ever been a common way between two lanes leading down from the Vintry toward the Thames; the little lane ought to continue and be common hereafter as it has been before. Without etc.

175. [B.170] 24 September 1542.

Parish of St. James in Garlickhithe. Variance between the parson and churchwardens of the parish, pls., and Thomas Don and Thomas Smyth, his tenant by lease, defs., concerning a certain little new house lately built and set up within the Lord Marquis Dorsett's place, upon the W side of it, by Thomas Don. The viewers say that the new house contains 18 ft. 6 in. in length N and S. It is set adjoining the side of an old stone wall and a house thereon built of old time called 'the Preests Comons of saint Jamys', belonging to pls. Def. that built the house has broken the stone wall in five places to put in the ends of two lengths of timber for the floor over the cellar of the new house, and the ends of three somers of timber for the floor of the chamber of the house, to the great hurt, weakening, and decay of the stone wall. Def. ought to take out the ends of timber and make the wall whole again and make frames of timber on his own [ground] to bear up the ends of the somers, with nothing to rest within nor upon the said wall. Moreover, def. ripped and took away the side of the old house to make a gutter between it and the new house at its building, and he has not amended it nor made it up again but has let it lie open and untiled, by reason whereof the . . . and timber work of the old house is rotten and sore decayed and in peril of falling. Wherefore said def. ought of right to make again substantially the old house and wall at his own proper costs and charges. Without etc.

176. [B.171] 24 September 1542.

Parish of St. Sepulchre without Newgate. Variance between Thomas Lane, waxchandler, pl., and the parson and churchwardens of the parish church of St. Sepulchre, defs., concerning the making of a gutter between a house belonging to defs. and a new house which pl. has built adjoining the E side of the same defs.' house, which new house is 16 ft. 4 in. in wideness N to S. The viewers say that pl., at the setting up of his new house, broke down the rafter feet and tiles of the E side of defs.' house. Pl. shall make a new gutter of timber and lead between the two houses for the defence of both houses and shall amend the tiling of the old house that was broken by setting up his own house; the work shall be done at equal costs and charges of both parties since defs. ever before have had their water falling eastward upon a paved stone gutter made by them. And def. shall keep . . . reparations of the said gutter hereafter as often and when need shall be and also shall pay . . . [?5 shillings]. . . charges of this view. All which premises etc. without etc.

Endorsed: 14.12 . . . recordum . . . Curia . . . quer . . . feod . . . A° 33 . . . 23 . . .

9 10 11 12 13 14

15 16 17 18 19 20

177. [B.175] 26 September 1542.

Parishes of St. John in Walbrook and St. Mary Bothaw. Variance between Ralph Robynson, draper, pl., and Agnes Partriche, widow, def., both parties being tenants to the dean and chapter of the cathedral church of St. Paul's by leases for terms of years in two tenements set adjoining together in Candlewick Street, one being in the parish of St. John in Walbrook and the other in the parish of St. Mary Bothaw. The viewers say that pl. has a chamber in the upper part of his house toward the N part, under which chamber def. has a chamber and under that a house for wood and coal and a withdraught at the ground. The chamber and woodhouse was divided as it is now many years before the making of the leases and so has continued. Either of the parties ought of right to have, hold, and enjoy his own house with the appurtenances according to the purport, tenor, and effect of the said leases. Without etc.

Endorsed: . . . 10 34 Hen[rici] 8

178. [B.174] 21 November 1542.

Parish of St. John Zachary. Variance between the master and wardens of the Goldsmiths and the master and wardens of the Haberdashers, concerning certain nuisances of buildings. The view is with assent and consent of both parties. The viewers say that the NE corner principal post of the house there belonging to the Goldsmiths overhangs 4½ in. eastward against a new counting house lately set up by the tenant of the Haberdashers; it ought to be withdrawn and set upright. From the said NE corner post southward to the W side of a NW corner principal post of the first storey of the Haberdashers' house, [the Goldsmiths' house] is in length 11 ft. 6½ in; it ought to be line right and plumb between the two principal posts. So being line right, the end of the binding joist (bynding juest) of the counting house, which is hung (hanged) with a stirrup of iron against the principal post that stands upon the jetty of the Haberdashers' house, overhangs the rasen of the Goldsmiths' house at the S end by 2 in. and ought of right to be withdrawn eastward. All which nuisances etc., without etc.

179. [B. 173] 30 April 1543.

[No parish given]. Variance between Stephen Nott, fishmonger, pl., and William Revell, carpenter, def., concerning a certain brick wall which def. has lately caused to be made and set against the E side of Paul's Wharf, 'which wall the said iiii viewers by all their discretions have not only viewed, serched and seen but also have herd, examined and well considered the depositions, evidence and testymony of iiii old inhabitantes and dwellers thereby, that is to say, Robert Kytchyn, dyer; John Edsall, Richard Fetford, and Arthure Purseys, watermen, being sworne as afore a judge to give true evidence unto the said viewers in that behalf.' The viewers say that the brick wall is set and standing upon the old foundation of certain old houses lately belonging to the late dissolved monastery of St. Bartholomew in West Smithfield of London and that the wall is not encroached upon Paul's Wharf save only a little buttress of brick which stands without the wall westward on the ground of the wharf and which ought to be taken away by def. And a door made in the wall for a withdraught ought to be stopped and closed up by def. Furthermore, pl. ought to have 22 ft. 3 in. upon the wharf, as appears by his lease from the dean and chapter of [St.] Paul's, from the water of Thames against the S stretching northward by the W side of the brick wall to a strike made upon the wall by the viewers. All which premises etc. . without etc.

180. [B. 172] 15 July 1543.

Parish of St. Sepulchre in the suburbs of London. Variance between the parson and churchwardens of the parish church of St. Alban in Wood Street, pls., and William Collyns, carpenter, def., concerning certain ground for a wall or defence to be made and set within the tenement called 'the George'. The viewers say that [the ground goes] from the king's highway leading from Holborn Cross to Holborn Bridge against the S, stretching northward 24 ft. 5 in. to the NE corner of a principal post of pls. there; and from the same post stretching more northward 12 ft. 9½ in. to the NE corner of another principal post of pls. line right and plumb; and from the latter principal post stretching more northward 46 ft. 9 in. to another NE corner principal post of pls., line right and plumb; and from the last NE corner post stretching more northward 23 ft. to the SE corner principal post of a house or stable. The same house or stable is 12 ft. 8 in. in wideness from the said S principal post thereof, stretching northward against the garden ground belonging to def. line right and plumb as aforelimited. Without etc.

181. [B.176] 17 October 1543.

Parish of St. Martin Orgar. Variance between John Gardener, fishmonger, pl., and the parson and churchwardens of St. James Garlickhithe, defs., concerning a nuisance of the side of an old house. The viewers say that the SW corner principal post of the old house, which belongs to defs., overhangs the ground of pl. 6¾ in. southward. Stretching from the same post 17 ft. 6 in. to a SE corner principal post of the old house, there the SE corner post overhangs the ground of pl. 6¼ in. southward. Defs. ought of right at their costs and charges to set the two posts and all the wall [between them] upright, line right and plumb from post to post all the length. Furthermore, if defs. will not set their house upright in form aforesaid, then it shall be lawful to pl. to cut down as much of the said old house as overhangs his ground. Which nuisance etc., without etc.

182. [B. 177] 12 March 1544.

Parish of St. Margaret in Bridge Street. Variance between Roger Welles and Richard Medilton, churchwardens of the church, and the parishioners of the same church, pls., and Sir Richard Archer, clerk, parson of the said church, def., concerning a certain gutter of lead with certain timberwork and other charges thereto belonging. The viewers say that the gutter is partible between the parties from the rood-loft of the church stretching eastward 39 ft. 9 in. to the E end of the quire of the church. The gutter, with the assent of the parson, was but lately new made at the sole charge of the parishioners. Wherefore the parson ought of right to recompense them for one-half of the same charge. And the parson ought to bear one-half of the charges of repairing or renewing the leads of the vestry there, as far as the water of the gutter falls upon the leads and as often as need shall require. Furthermore, all the procession way and the ground between that way and the churchyard ought of right to belong to the churchyard as parcel of the same, for burials, reserving only a right of way for the parson to and from his parsonage and mansion there, being over the said procession way. All which premises etc., without etc.

Endorsed: 18 March A[nno] 35 H[enrici] 8 insert[ur] iste visus quo die sol[utum] feod[um] co[mmun]is cl[er]ici

183. [B. 178] 20 March 1544.

Parish of St. John Zachary. Variance between the parson and churchwardens of the church, pls., and the master and wardens of the Waxchandlers, defs., concerning a certain nuisance. The view is by assent and consent and also at the request of both parties. The viewers find a certain void ground, now 17 ft. 8 in. in length and which was 7 ft. 3 in. in breadth or wideness, which void ground by force of a view [?6] made in the first year of the reign of our same sovereign lord the king that now is, was reserved and kept unbuilt for saving of lights on the E part of the houses and tenements of both parties. Notwithstanding, defs. since that time have built and made a brick wall from the ground up under the jetty of pls.' tenement and have stopped the lights of the said tenement contrary to the force and effect of the former view. The wall ought of right to be taken down and made open as it was before, according to the tenor of the said view. Furthermore, defs. have encroached and made certain ovens to their kitchen upon the ground and vault of a withdraught belonging to pls., from the kitchen against the N stretching southward 6 ft. 11 in., which ovens and encroachments ought of right to be taken away as well as the said brick wall, and ought not to stand and remain there without the assent, will, and agreement of pls.

Endorsed: 20 Marcii A[nno] h[enrici] 8 debet feod[um] v s. infert[ur] iste visus

184. [B.179] 22 March 1544.

Parish of St. Mildred in the Poultry. Variance between William Wyat, grocer, pl., and Robert Austen, grocer, def., concerning a certain cellar. The viewers find that the cellar lies under the tenement of pl. where Thomas Bolt, grocer, now dwells as tenant to pl. The cellar is 13 ft. in breadth or wideness within the walls at its E end against the lane called Coneyhope Lane. Stretching from the lane westward 13 ft. 6 in., it is 8 ft. in wideness within the walls. The cellar has a door and stairs out of the said lane to go into the cellar, which in time past were used and occupled, as plainly appears. 'And by all that the said viewers can fynde or perceyve by all the Inquisition and serche that they can make in that behalf they saye upon their consciences that aswell the said Celer by all the lenght and brede thereof aforesaid with the thykness of the walles of the same, as also the said tenement thereupon now standing, ys all within the said parishe of Saint Mildrede and belongeth hooly unto the said playntif.' Without etc.

Endorsed: A[nno] 35 Joh[ann]es Hamond impor . . . visu 28.5 copla deliber . . . infranominat[o] Thome Bolt, qui soluit feod[um] co[mmun]is clerici quod . . . videlicet ultimo d[i]cti mens[is] recepit

185. [B.180] (fn. 13) 28 April 1544.

[Parish illegible. ?St. Clement Eastcheap; see 98]. Variance between Edward Cornwalys, gentleman, and Alice his wife, pls., and John Glascok, def., concerning two tenements which John Turpyn, carpenter, and Elizabeth his wife, late wife and executrix of the testament and last will of [Thomas Sympson], do hold by virtue of two several leases under the convent seal of the late dissolved monastery of Stratford Langthorne in [the county of Essex] . . . of the said tenements called 'Abbotts Inne' for the term of life of the said Thomas and Elizabeth and the longer liver of them, and the . . . which two tenements and their appurtenances the said parties lately have severally purchased in fee simple to them and their heirs of the king's [majesty] . . . [the said def. having purchased] the said tenement called 'Abbotts Inn' and the said pl. the other tenement thereto adjoining, which tenements the said [iiii viewers have seen,] searched, measured, separated and indifferently divided between the parties, to either of them his own right of and in the same. And thereupon they say that pls.' tenement stands by the king's highway of St. Clement's Lane afore[said] . . . going into the other tenement called 'Abbotts Inne' and is 21 ft. 10 in. in breadth by the lane against the W from the middle of the . . . upon the S . . . gate toward the N stretching southward. And it is 11 ft. 9½ in. in breadth above and over the said gate from . . . S stretching northward. And it is 55 ft. 2 in. in length over the gate and entry from the [?lane eastward to the] SE corner principal post standing there from the ground upward. The which length . . . is built with solars and chambers over the gate and entry and is parcel of pls.' tenement. And the same [tenement]. . . is in length from the said lane stretching eastward to the E part of an old stone wall there belonging to the said tenement of the foresaid . . . stretching more eastward on the S side of the said solars and chambers to the said SE corner principal post . . . ought of right so to stand and continue to the said tenement of pls. as they were first built and set up . . . where the said Thomas Sympson in his lifetime after the taking of the lease did break the wall at the . . . making a door going [out] of a stair there belonging to the tenement called 'Abbottes Inne' has taken in [?a chamber of the tenement] . . . called 'Abbottes Inne'. The same chamber belongs to the said tenementof the said [?def.] . . . [Thomas Sympson] also in his life made out a little gallery at the end of the said old stone wall a 'stole' room to . . . the ground belonging to the said tenement of the foresaid pls.

Endorsed: . . . 23 John Hamond protulit . . . a[nno] pred[?icto] copla . . . quer[entibus] . . . sol[utum] feod[um] co[mmun]is clerici . . .

186. [B. 181] 28 April 1544.

Parish of All Hallows the Little in Thames Street. Variance between the Rt. Rev. Father in God Cuthbert [Tunstal], Bishop of Durham, and Master William Latymer, clerk, parson of All Hallows the Little, concerning an old vault of stone under the quire of the church. The view is by assent and agreement of both parties. The viewers say that the vault and foundation of the quire is 26 ft. in length from the king's highway of Thames Street stretching southward and 19 ft. 6 in. in breadth from the gate going into the great place of the Bishop there called Coldharborow stretching eastward. The vault and foundation, as well the walls as the roof, is so greatly in ruin and decay that it must all be taken down and new made all the length and breadth, at the cost of the Bishop and his successors as owners of the tenement under the quire. And the parson and his successors must bear all the charges of reparations of the quire from the roof of the vault upwards from time to time as need shall require.

187. [B. 182] 6 May 1544.

Parish of St. Botolph without Bishopsgate. Variance between William Parker, pl., and John Stryngfelowe, def., concerning a certain brick wall. The viewers say that the brick wall at the W end against the king's highway of Bishopsgate Street is set and made under the house or tenement of pl. on pl.'s ground. Stretching eastward from the street, the wall is 153 ft. 7 in. in length and 13½ in. in thickness above the water table. The brick wall, by all its length and thickness, stands on grounds of pl. except the water table, which stands southward 2 in. on the ground of def. The 2 in. ought to be withdrawn by pl. and not to stand and continue without the assent and will of def. The brick wall by all its length and breadth belongs to pl. and ought to be made, repaired, and kept from time to time as need requires at his cost and charges. Without etc.

Endorsement faded and illegible.

188. [B.183] 18 September 1544.

Parish of St. Margaret in Bridge Street. Variance between John Core, grocer, pl., and the master and fellows of Pembroke Hall in Cambridge, defs., concerning a certain old stone wall, parcel of the great messuage or tenement called 'the Blak Bell'; the wall stands on the S side of the tenement and belongs to def. The viewers say that the stone wall is 36 ft. 9 in. in length from the SE corner stretching westward to the SW corner of a wall which, stretching from the W end thereof eastward, is 14 ft. There the [stone] wall overhangs the ground of pl. southward 11 in. from the upper part of the wall to the nether part. The wall so overhanging and likely to fall to the great damage and peril of men's lives ought of right to be taken down and made line right and plumb from end to end, E to W, by all the length aforesaid at cost and charges of def. Without etc.

189. [B.184] 9 December 1544.

Parish of St. Gabriel Fenchurch. Variance between William Wever, mercer, pl., and Margaret Williamson, widow, late wife of Thomas Williamson, carpenter, deceased, def., concerning reparations needful to be done and made upon certain tenements with their appurtenances. The late Thomas Williamson in his lifetime held all the said tenements with their appurtenances of the king's majesty by indenture for a term of a years with the obligation to repair the same, as appears by the indenture. pl. has lately purchased the tenements with appurtenances of the king's majesty. The viewers say that, first, they find that the tenements that William Somerland, grocer, and Miles Skynner, cordwainer, dwell in need to be ripped because the roofs are sunken and it rains in at every time of rain. Also [?in] the gable end of the house over the entry going into Williamson's house and [?in] his house there within the entry a girder of timber is broken and a chimney sore decayed and ready to fall down. Also, from that to St. Margaret Pattens Lane, and within the lane in Robert Walter's house, there is a withdraught broken into the cellar and diverse joists of the cellar and of the kitchen floor are rotten and falling down. And the alley called Poppinjay Alley lacks tiling and daubing. And all the tenements need tiling and to be ripped and the broken and sunken roofs to be new framed and new rafters to be laid in. So there lacks carpentry work, brickwork, tiling, daubing and lead gutters (which are broken) on and upon all the tenements to be substantially repaired in all things where needed. It will cost all manner of charges by the estimation of the viewers . . . the sum of 80 pounds sterling.

Endorsed: . . . 5 February a[nno] regis henrici 8 xxxvi . . . visus . . . feod[um] co[mmun]is clerici pro . . .

190. [B.185] 10 January 1545.

Parish of St. Dunstan in the West. Variance between William Jamys, pl., and Henry Lee, def., concerning certain houses and tenements with appurtenances which the said two parties lately severally purchased and bought of the king's majesty. The viewers say that the tenement where pl. dwells is built and set on the little gate leading down toward the late Whitefriars Church and adjoins eastward on the tenement of def. The E part of pl.'s house stands on a stone wall which bears it and belongs to pl. down to the foundation, line right and plumb. In the wall, there come down two tewels (towells) of two withdraughts which serve the two houses of easement for the houses of both pl. and def. which ought of right so to continue as has been divided and used of long time past and ought to be repaired and cleansed as needed at the costs and charges of both parties. Also, from the NE corner of the stone wall and also from the NE corner of the principal post of pl.'s tenement stretching westward against the king's highway of Fleet Street to the tenement there of St. James Garlickhithe is 43 ft., which belongs wholly to pl., reserving always the way of the said little gate leading to the said late friars' church. The tenement of pl. is 5 score 13 ft. 6 in. in length from the king's highway of Fleet Street against the N stretching southward on the W side of the little gate to a house or chamber there belonging to Serjeants Inn. Furthermore, pl. ought of right to have the easement, commodities, and profits of the ground within the little gate on the E side of the way adjoining to the tenement of def., reserving always the said way as far as the tenement is built over the gate and way. All which premises etc. without etc.

191. [B.186] 30 January 1545.

Parish of St. Dunstan in the West. Variance between the parson and churchwardens of the parish church of St. Christopher of London, pls., and John Croke, gentleman, def., concerning certain ground and houses. The viewers say that the ground and houses there belonging to pls. [together] are 13 yds. or 39 ft. and 7½ in. in breadth against the king's highway of Fleet Street toward the S from E to W. And [they are] 39 yds. or 5 score 17 ft. in length from Fleet Street stretching northward to the garden ground of def. against the N. And there the ground and building of pl. is 12 yds. or 36 ft. in breadth from E to W. Also, def. ought of right to turn the water of his gutters that falls on ground of pls., to their great annoyance, and either party to bear their own water to fall into their own ground. Without etc.

192. [B. 187] (fn. 14) 26 June 1545.

John Hilmer, William Walker, Henry Pesemede, and John Russell, freemasons and carpenters, viewers.

Parish of St. Giles without Cripplegate. Variance between the masters and brethren of the brotherhood of Our Lady and St. Giles and Richard Cull, grocer, of the same parish, concerning a certain pale or lawful fence. The view is by consent of both parties. The viewers say that from the SE corner post of a soaphouse belonging to Richard Cull stretching eastward to the NW corner post of a house of the parson and churchwardens of St. Giles is [?70] ft. 6 in. in length. The pale or fence ought to be made line right and plumb between those limits or corner posts at the sole costs and charges of Richard Cull. It shall be lawful for Richard Cull, his executors and assigns, at all times to have and enjoy the brick sluice for conveying water as it now goes; he shall have authority and licence of the masters of the brotherhood of St. Giles to break [and] dig within their grounds at all times when need shall be for repairing the sluice belonging to him. Without etc.

Endorsed: 4 Julii a[nno] 37 H[enrici] 8 . . . inser. . . iste visus et sol[?utum] feod[um] . . . clerici

193. [B.187A] 18 September 1545.

Parish of St. Bottalles without Aldgate. [No variance stated]. The viewers have been charged to view and oversee a little parcel or plot of garden ground lying on the N part of the yard, or back side, of an inn called 'the III Nones' without Aldgate, which inn one John Fyrmynger has lately bought with a great garden ground lying upon the back side toward the N and with appurtenances thereto belonging. The little plot of ground is now in tenure of one John Margetson. The viewers have measured it; they say it is 10 ft. in breadth from the N side of an old pale stretching northward. The ground has been staked out by the viewers from W to E. They say by all their discretions as it appears in an old indenture that the ground is parcel and part of the appurtenances of the purchase and ought of right to belong to John Fyrmynger. Without etc.

Endorsed: 29.12 a[nno] 37 henr[ici] 8 infert[ur] iste visus per . . . feod[um] co[mmun]i[s] clerici . . . 2s

194. [B.188] 18 September 1545.

Parish of St. Giles without Cripplegate. Variance between the wardens of the Brotherhood of the [Parish] Clerks within London and John Core, grocer, def., concerning the making of a pale or lawful fence between the garden ground there belonging to pls. against the E and the garden ground belonging to def. against the W. The viewers say that from the S side of a little house or jakes of def. against the N stretching southward to a brick wall there against the S, the fence between the parties is 87 ft. 10 in. in length. It ought of right to be made and repaired at equal charges and expenses of both parties indifferently between them. Without etc.

Subscribed: . . . Octobrii A[nn]o 37 h[enrici] 8 rec[eptum] hunc vis[um] et sol[utum] feod[um] inde etc.

195. [B. 189] 3 January 1546.

Parish of St. Dunstan in the West. Variance between John Hornebye, pl., and Henry Taylor, def., concerning certain reparations which def. ought of right to do in a tenement called 'the Sygne of the Dolfyn', 'in Fletestrete before the Temple Barre'. The viewers say there is much need of repairs as in plating in sundry places and boarding of floors, rasens, posts, and quarters of timber, which are decayed. Also, the tenement needs to be ripped and newly lathed and tiled throughout. Because it needs mending of chimneys and hearths, underplnning of plates with brick, and lathing and daubing of walls, the house is now in decay.

Endorsed: feod[um] co[mmun]is clerici [?6 Maii] a[nno] 38 H[enrici] 8

196. [B.190] 29 January 1546.

Parish of St. Mildred in the Poultry. Variance between John Myller, pl., and David Wylkynson, def., concerning a principal partition set between pl. on the E and def. on the W. The viewers say that the partition is partible and pl. ought of right to have for his part 2 in. eastward of the principal post of the partition, which 2 in. ought of right to belong to pl. 's house or tenement from the king's highway of the Poultry against the N stretching southward by all the breadth of the tenement, that is, from the upper part of the door and entry that leads the way into the dwelling house where William Brothers dwells, up to the upper part of the rasen belonging to pl. (fn. 15) Without etc.

Endorsed: 20 May A[nno] h[enrici] 8

197. [B. 191] 8 March 1546.

Parish of St. Giles without Cripplegate. Variance between John Tyller and Nicholas Lasye, pls., and the parson and churchwardens of All Hallows Bridge [sic] Street, concerning a pale or lawful fence and cleansing the common sewer betwen them. The viewers say that [the pale] ought of right to be made from the S side of a brick sluice against the E stretching W to the S side of a stake set by the viewers and from the stake more westward to a brick sluice which is the head of the sewer from Moor Lane; it ought to be made line right and plumb at costs and charges of defs. 'And furthermore they saye that the playntif shall not reyer the Erthe whereby the partie defendant shall be hurte bye. And thus to be used or continued' without etc. (fn. 16)

198. [B. 192] 4 May 1546.

To the right honorable lorde Maire of the Citie of london and his right Worshipfull Brethern thaldermen of the same.

Shewen unto your good lordship and discrete Wisedoms the iiiith day of Maye in the xxxviiith yere of the reign of our soveraign lorde Kinge Henry the Eight John Hylmer, Willm Walker, John Russell, and Gilbert Burffame, the iiii maisters of Fremasons and Carpenters, Viewers indifferent sworne to the said Citie, that where as thei were late charged by your honorable commaundement to viewe and oversee a variaunce in the parishe of the Holy Trynytye [the Less] Betwene Robert Kynge, fysshemonger, plaintif, of the one partie and the parson and churche wardeins of the churche, defendauntes, of the other partie, Whiche variaunce is for an olde stone wall whiche stondethe upon the West side of the grounde belonginge to the partie playntif, the whiche grounde is in bredthe there againste the kinges highe waye called Knight Ryder strete againste the southe from a southewest principall post there of a house belonginge to the Chamber of london againste the Est stretchynge westwarde xxvii foote ii ynches of assise to the southest corner of an olde stone wall belonginge to the said defendant and stretchynge fro the said southest corner of the stone wall fro the kinges highe waye stretchynge northwarde xxii foote x ynches of assise. And the grounde there belonging to the partie plaintif is in Bredthe betwene the West side of the house there belonginge to the chamber aforesaid & the stonewall there belonginge to the tenement belonginge to the trynytye churche aforesaid xxvii foote & v ynches of assise. And the said grounde of the partie playntif stretchynge more Northwarde fro the said xxii foote x ynches to the hole lenght of the grounde belonginge to the partie plaintif lix foote vii ynches of assise. The whiche foresaid grounde belonginge to the partie playntif oweth of right to be lyne right & plombe betwene the lemettes aforesaid, without there be any evydence to shewe the contrarye. (fn. 17)

199. [B. 193] 14 May 1546.

Parish of St. Bottalls without Bishopsgate. Variance between Lady Katharine Adams and Christopher Campyon concerning the making of a lawful pale. The view is by assent of both parties. The viewers say that the pale shall be made of timber and board like the pale that Campyon has made on his ground on the N side of the way there. It shall be set upon the garden ground of Lady Adams stretching eastward to the common way, being 9 ft. broad and . . . score and 8 ft. in length. Campyon shall new make and set up the pale at his own proper costs and charges before the feast of St. James the Apostle next coming [July 25], and shall set the posts and rails with nails' point toward the ground of Lady Adams. Lady Adams, her heirs, and successors shall make and repair the said pale forevermore after the making as aforesaid. Without etc.

Endorsed: 20 May A[nno] 38 . . . iste visus et sol[utum] feod[um] co[mmunis] clerici

200. [B. 194] 5 July 1546.

Parish of St. Faith in Paul's Churchyard. Variance between Miles Partrich, gentleman, pl., and Stephen Mason, vintner, def., concerning a cellar. The viewers say that pl. ought of right to have the cellar there now, which is on the ground of the 'Great Stepell' [of St. Paul's]. And def. has and must have a little yard with a stair going up to his house, which he holds by lease of the dean and chapter of St. Paul's. Also, there is a lead gutter that must be made on the house of def. Pl. shall lay the lead, with pipes down to the ground, which belong to the gutter, at his cost and charges. Def. shall find all other charges belonging to tiling and carpentry, upon recompense of the carriage of the old lead away by pl. Without etc. (fn. 18)

Endorsed: . . . fuit istud Recordum et . . . co[mmun]is clerici 5 s.

201. [B. 195] 15 July 1546.

Parish of St. Toulles [Olave] in Hart Street beside the Crossed Friars. Variance between Edmund Smyth, pl., and Thomas Pyke, def., concerning bearing of waters between the parties. The viewers say that pl. ought of right to make a fillet gutter to bear the water that falls from the S side of certain houses and tenements belonging to him, that is, from the brewhouse called 'the Cock' against the E stretching westward 70 ft., at his own proper costs and charges. One half of the lead there now, together with the tiles that belonged to pl., is to be delivered by def. [to pl.]. Furthermore, there is the N side of a house of def. stretching from Sydon Lane (fn. 19) against the W stretching eastward 15 ft.; [def.] ought of right to bear the water of the said house with a fillet gutter of lead all its length at his own proper costs and charges. Without etc. (fn. 20)

202. [B.196] (fn. 21) 1 September 1546.

Parish of St. Peter the Poor 'besyde the late Freyers Augustynes of London'. Variance between Thomas Carmardon, pl., and George [?Asshe], def., concerning two jakes or withdraughts adjoining and set together between the parties. The viewers say that from the king's highway there against the S stretching northward to the NE corner post and plate of pl.'s old house there [the distance] is 39 ft. 6 in. Against the E side of pl.'s . . . there are two jakes adjoining together, one of pl. [and one of def.], which jakes have an old stone wall between them . . . falling down. The old wall ought of right [to be] new made 2 ft. thick and set in the same place that it now stands in . . . at costs and charges of both parties . . . and that the parties . . . cleanse and carry away the ordure or dung that is within his ground . . . may be made for the easement of both parties. Without etc.

Endorsed: . . . Septembrii A[nn]o 38 Hen[rici] 8 infert[ur] his visus v s.

203. [B.197]

[The entire certificate is illegible; no visible endorsement.]

204. [B.198] 14 September 1546.

Parish of St. Michael in Cornhill. Variance between Richard Tate, Esquire, pl., and Edward . . . def., concerning the repair of a great tenement brewhouse called 'the Skomer' in Birchin Lane, and two small tenements with appurtenances, which repairs the viewers have seen and say that there lacks a . . . plate at the street door within the said house . . . repaired. Also there is a groundsill of the same decayed . . . in the malt loft and in other places . . . decayed, with dauplyng [sic] of the walls of the same in diverse places. Also, there is a rafter foot decayed and the gutter of lead and the . . . the same gutter within the said tenement . . . . further tenement the floor of the upper garret . . . with pointing, tiling, and daubing of the same. Which reparations aforesaid within the said house, to be sufficiently done before the Feast of St. Michael the Archangel [September 29] next coming, will cost £6 8s. 4d. as estimated . . . reparations the said def. ought to do according to his lease.

See also 281 below.

205. [B.199] 16 October 1546.

Parish of St. Martin in the Vintry.

[The plaintiff is John Maw . . .; apart from his name and some commonform, the certificate and endorsement are illegible.]

Footnotes

1 For more on Thomas Cutberd, see the entry in Journal 15, f. 129, for 29 November 36 Henry VIII (1544); he had not made repairs to his tenement in St. Katharine Creechurch parish according to the terms of his lease from a religious foundation and Mistress Cornwales, who had meanwhile bought the property from the king, re-entered and took possession of the premises. Cutberd allegedly then fraudulently sold his forefeited lease to one Mundes.
2 Both this view and the one immediately preceding it were apparently taken for the purpose of ascertaining the dimensions of premises Barnes was about to lease from the parson and churchwardens. The lease, dated 9 August 1540, recites the fact of the view and the dimensions given in this certificate. See Wills, Leases and Memoranda in the Book of Records, Parish of St. Christopher le Stocks, ed. Edwin Freshfield (1895), p. 13. See reference to the lease in 163 below.
3 This certificate is copied in Journal 14, f. 249v.
4 A copy of this certificate is bound into Drapers' Company Rep. 7 (Minutes and Records, 1515–53), p. 1107.
5 A copy of this certificate is bound into Drapers' Company Rep. 7 (Minutes and Records, 1515–53), p. 1109.
6 Popkirtle Lane.
7 Bordhaw Alley.
8 The certificate is in poor condition, with the right end illegible.
9 Rep 10, f. 248, makes it clear that the view was taken because Richard Felde complained that the house belonging to the Bridgehouse was a nuisance to his own; the cost was to be borne by 'hym in whom the defaute shalbe founde' and the viewers were to report their findings to the Mayor and Aldermen. Apparently since both houses were in need of repairs the parties split the fee owing to the common clerk.
10 Probably Loveigne.
11 The dispute between the two parishes came before the Mayor and Aldermen; a note in Rep 10, f. 254b, indicates that it was respited 'for a season' because of the absence of Dr Day, parson of All Hallows.
12 The certificate is in poor condition, with the right portion illegible in many places.
13 Much of the certificate is illegible.
14 The handwriting of this certificate differs from that of preceding certificates.
15 The certificate lacks the formula statement that the viewers have viewed and seen etc.
16 The formula varies throughout this certificate and there are errors in syntax.
17 The certificate lacks the formula statement that the viewers have viewed and seen etc.
18 The certificate lacks the formula statement that the viewers have viewed and seen etc.
19 Seething Lane.
20 The certificate lacks the formula statement that the viewers have viewed and seen etc.
21 The certificate is in very poor condition, particularly toward the bottom. It lacks the formula statement that the viewers have viewed and seen etc.