Index
L - Z

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Victoria County History

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Author

P.M. Tillott (editor)

Year published

1961

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Pages

560-577

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'Index: L - Z', A History of the County of York: the City of York (1961), pp. 560-577. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=36396 Date accessed: 30 September 2014.


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Labour Party, see politics.

Labour Representation Cttee., see politics.

labourers (as a craft), 116, 167, 169, 215, 219, 223-4, 226.

Lady Mill, see Clifton Mill.

Lady Peckitt's Yard Chap., 416, 460.

Lady Well, 467.

Lady's Row, see Goodramgate.

Laising (fl. 12th cent.), 29 n.

Lake, John, Bp. of Chichester, 206, 351.

Lam, John, 61.

Lamb, Nat., 404; Thos., 105.

Lambert, Maj.-Gen. John, 182 n, 191, 195; Mary Winfield, 424, 437.

Lamel Hill, 325.

Lamel Mill, 507.

Lamplugh, Abp. Thos., 351-2.

Lancashire, 109, 496.

Lancaster, Duchy of, 74, 130; Dukes of, see John of Gaunt.

Lancaster, Earls of, see Thomas.

Lancaster, Nic., 62, 75; Wal., 148.

Lancaster (Lancs.), 491 n.

Lancaster, County Palatine of, 74.

Land, W. B., 272.

Langdale, Alban, 149 n, 157.

Langetoft, Wm. de, 372.

Langley, Sir Rog., 177, 192.

Langton, John, 70-71, 80-81, 112, 373; Nic., jr., 71, 112, 373; Nic., sr., 45, 70-71, 112, 371, 373, 513; Rob., 156; Wal., 523; Wm., 397; —, s. of John, 112; fam., 47, 71, 112, 371, 382.

Langtry-Langton, J. H., 419.

Lansdowne Terr., 380.

Lanum, Wm. de, 342.

Lardiner (the larderer), David I, 494; David II, 28, 495; David III, 495; Ellen, dau. of Phil., m. John de Clifton, 496; John, 494; Marg., dau. of Phil., m. Ralph de Leek, 496; Phil., 494 n, 495-6; Thos., 494; fam. and serjeanty, 29, 41, 494-6; see also Davy Hall.

Lascelles, Peregrine, 433.

Lassels, John, 143.

lastage, see tolls.

Lastingham (N.R.), 435; Priory of, 23.

Lathe Flat, 500.

Latimer, Barons, see Neville.

Latimer, Wm. (fl. 1323), 56; Wm. (fl. 1377), 87.

latoners, see metal.

Laud, Abp. Wm., 350.

Lavenham (Suff.), 122.

Lawley, Beilby Ric. (formerly Thompson), 4th Baron Wenlock, 539.

Lawne, Thos., 177.

Lawrence, Bridget, 432, 437.

Lawrence Lane, 453.

Lawrence St., 397, 427, 443, 445, 464.

Lawson, Art., 437-8; Sir Geo., 117, 132, 144-5, 361, 510; Thos., 361; —, 530.

Lawson's Yard, 415.

lawyers, 86, 116, 157, 163, 199, 200, see also Bennet, Ferne, Gibson (Sir John), Hildyard, Hutton (Ric.), Rokeby (Ralph, d. 1575 and Ralph, d. 1596), Stanhope (Sir Edw.), Swinburne, Widdrington; attorneys, 116, 179-80; solicitors, see Anderson (R. H.), Bellow; see also Yorks. Law Soc.

Lax, Wm., 383.

Laxton (E.R.), 230.

Laycock, Hannah, 429.

Layerthorpe (gen. dist. of), 20, 53, 311, 298, 314, 412, 415, 442, 479, 498; Friends Mtg. in, 406; Meth. Mission, 412, 418.

Layerthorpe (the street specifically), 394, 442.

Layerthorpe Bar, see Layerthorpe Postern.

Layerthorpe Bridge (Leirfordbrig), 281, 365, 509, 514, 519.

Layerthorpe Gate, see Layerthorpe Postern.

Layerthorpe Hall, 499 n.

Layerthorpe Hosp. (maison dieu), 365.

Layerthorpe Infants' Sch., 443, 449.

Layerthorpe Postern, 120, 190, 223, 320, 365, 379, 514, 519.

Layton, Dean Ric., 125 n, 348.

Leache, John, 157.

lead, see metal.

Leak, Wm., and his w. Hannah Crampton, 412.

leather:
-, ind. and trade, 89, 92, 167, 218, 272-4; fair, 491; mkt., 260, 275, 484, 486, 487.
-, leather workers: in gen., 42-43, 86, 90, 115, 168, 258; pouchmakers, 115, see also Peterkin; pursemakers, 115; saddlers, 61, 89, 92-94, 115, guild, 44; sheathers, 115; trunkmakers, guild, 169.
-, skins, fells, hides, 42-43, 90, 103, 169; skinners, 59, 89, 91-92, 115, 179, guild, 44, guild of Virgin of, 381; fellmongers' guild, 218; curriers, 91, 115, 258; tawyers, 115.
-, tanning, 167, 294; tanners, 90-92, 109, 115, 127, 179, 258, see also Smith (Ric.), guild, 511.

Leaveland, see Nathaniel of.

Lebanon, Mount (Syria), princes from, 234.

Leche, Sir Rog., 58.

Leconfield (E.R.), king's manor at, 529 n.

Lee, Abp. Edw., 144-5, 156, 348; Dr. Rog., 157; Bp. Rowland, 142.

Leeds, Dukes of, see Osborne (Thos. and Peregrine).

Leeds (W.R.), 90, 125, 130, 168, 257-9, 261-2, 297 n, 415, 459, 533-4; cloth merchant of, 241; Company of Comedians, 533; infirmary, 532; leather market, 275; Mechanics' Institute, 479; transport services from Y. to, 270, 474, 477-8; University, 453; see also Horsfall, Ibbotson, Illingworth, Milner (Sir Wm.), Robinson (—), Simpson (Jas. and Stephen), Thorpe (W. H.).

Leek, Marg. de, see Lardiner; Ralph de, 496.

Leeman, Geo., 269, 271, 279, 290; statue of, 480-1.

Leeman Rd. (Thief Lane), 481; Friends Mtg., 406; gen. dist. of, 286, 467.

Leetham, Hen. and Sons, millers, 272-3, 295, 462, 474-5; mill of, 225.

Lefwin, see Gerard s. of, Hugh s. of.

Legard, Jane, 439-40.

Legg, Ben., 435.

Legge, Wm., 1st Earl of Dartmouth, 240.

Leicester, Earls of, see Dudley, Montfort.

Leicester, 12, 20, 220, 464, 498; see also Benet.

Leigh, Edw. Trafford, 376; Trafford, Mrs., 446.

Leirfordbrigende, see Layerthorpe Bridge.

Leland, John, the antiquary, 365, 511, 519, 524.

Lendal (Old Coney St.), 208, 329, 361, 404, 477; Christian Science reading room, 417.

Lendal Bridge, 277, 284, 478, 520.

Lendal Congregational Chap., 305, 407.

Lendal Ferry (St. Leonard's Ferry), 188, 358.

Lendal Hill, see Museum St.

Lendal Staith, 210, 223.

Lendal Tower (St. Leonard's Tower), 357, 460, 514.

Lennox, Chas., 1st Duke of Richmond, 193; Chas., 6th Duke of Richmond, 182 n.

Leofric, Earl of Mercia, 15.

Leslie, Alex., 1st Earl Leven, 189; chaplain of, see Douglas (Rob.).

Leuing the Priest, 22.

Leven, Earls of, see Leslie.

Lewes, John, 120, 132, 159 n.

Lewes (Suss.), battle of, 27.

Leyden (S. Holland), 249.

Liberal Party, see politics.

liberties, in gen., 38-40, 65, 68-69, 216, 319; the city liberty, 1, 311, 313-15, 320, 475, 498; see also St. Mary's Abbey, St. Leonard's Hosp., province and diocese, St. Peter (Met. Ch. of).

libraries, 536-7 (see also under the names of the libraries there listed); private, 156; circulating, 302; of learned societies, 535-6; Y. Book Soc., 539; see also corp. (cttees.).

Library, Public, 264, 302, 364, 379, 462, 536.

Library, Subscription, 268, 286, 289, 305, 536; secretary of, see Thorpe (Ant.).

Lichfield, Bp. of, see Langton (Wal.).

Lidgett Grove Chap., 412.

Light Horseman, The, p.h., 316.

Ligulf (fl. 1086), 22.

Lilburne, Col. Rob., 190, 530.

Lilla (fl. 7th cent.), 4.

Lilla Howe (N.R.), 4.

lime, see building.

Limes, The, 453.

Lincoln, Earls of, see Pole.

Lincoln, 2, 6, 36, 41, 43, 97, 108, 122 n, 247, 322, 324-5, 332, 498, 511, see also Aaron; cath. ch. of, 22 n.

Lincoln St., 437.

Lincolnshire, 41, 99-100, 132, 134, 145, 200; liberty of St. Peter in, 496; style of chs. in, 334.

Lind, Johanna Maria (Jenny, the singer), 289.

Lindisfarne (Northumb.), 5, 6, 9 n, 343; Bp. of, see Aidan.

Lindsey, Thos., 100.

Lindsey (Lincs.), 18, 103; King of, see Ealdfrith.

linen, see textiles.

Linnett, Jas., 540.

Linton Lock (N.R.), generating station, 463.

Linton-upon-Ouse (N.R.), 418.

Lisle, Brian de, 27.

Lister, Martin, 199-200, 247 n; Lady, 404.

Little Alice Lane, see College St.

Little Ing ('Fetes'), 315, 319, 358, 501.

Littleton, Sir Thos., 398.

Liudger, Bp. of Münster, 8.

Liverpool (Lancs.), 449, 477, 534; see also Clayton, Kirby, Rhodes.

Local Board of Health, see corp.

Lochmaben (Dumfries.), 54.

Lodge, Wm., 247 n.

Lodge, The, 471.

Lodge Closes (Ludge Close), 316.

Lollardy, see religion.

Lombard, Peter, Abp. of Armagh, 157; see also Lumbard.

London, Bp. of, 142; Lord Mayor of, see Bowes (Sir Martin).
-, crafts: drapers, 104; grocers, 104; mercers, 104; merchants, 104-6, 130, 168, see also Whistler; Merchant Adventurers, 104, 130-1; merchant tailor, see White (Thos.); pewterers, 91; pinners, 91; Stationers' Company, 156; tailors, 104.
-, institutions, buildings and places in: asylums, 469; butter mkt., 260; Carlton House, 244; Euston Stn., 478; Fleet Prison, 137, 494-5; Hammersmith, 442; King's Cross Stn., 478; leather mkt., 261; Manchester Coll. in, 449; Milk St., 48; Normal Sch. of Design (later the Science and Art Dept.), 455; St. Anthony's Guild in, 482 n; St. Pauls, bps. prison in (Lollards Tower), 142; Tower of, 148; Tyburn, 497; Vauxhall, 237; Westminster, 29, 462, St. Stephen's Chap. in, 65-66, 123; Westminster Bridge, 516, 520.
-, trade with, 102, 220-1, 487.
-, transport from Y. to, 224, 270, 477-9.
-, otherwise mentioned: 7, 36, 47, 55, 57, 85, 109-10, 118, 120, 139, 143, 147, 156, 174-5, 245, 249, 292, 334 n, 537; see also Bevans, Briggs, Pickering (John, fl. 1476), Staples.

London Gazette , The, 215.

London and North-Eastern Rly., 478, 480; see also North Eastern Rly.

Long Close, 207, 491.

Long Close Lane, 282, 399.

Longley, Abp. Chas. Thos., 354.

Lop Lane, see Duncombe Place.

Lord High Steward, see corp.

lord mayor, see corp.

Lord Mayor's Walk, 207, 314, 381, 411, 453, 464.

lorimers, see metal.

Loudham, see Ludham.

Louis, King of the Franks, 12.

Louis the Pious, King of the Franks, 9; coin of, 335.

'Lounelithe', 49.

Lounlithgate, 392, 513 n.

Louth, Sir Gil., 45-46, 54; Kath., see Bowes; Rob., 112.

Loveland, Dr. Jos., 437-8.

Lovell, Francis, 1st Vct., 82-83.

Low Moor, 503.

Lowcock, Eleazar, 427-8.

Lowe, Art., 149 n.

Lowther, Jas., 291; John Hen., 268-9, 291, 533; fam., 291.

Lowther St., 436, 459; barracks, 542.

Lucas, John, 422, 428.

Lucy, Ric. de, 26.

Luda, Gil. de, 394.

Ludge Close, see Lodge Close.

Ludham (Loudham), Thos. de, 387, 431.

Lullus (fl. 8th cent.), 8.

Lumbard, Adam, 41.

Lumley, Vctss., see Cornwallis.

Lumley Barracks, 542.

Lunatic Asylum, see Bootham Park Hosp.

Lund, John, jr., mapmaker, 314, 501, 506-7.

Luntley, Jas., 422, 437.

Lupianus, Septimius, a centurion, 329.

Lupton, John, 409; —, 469.

Lupus, Abbot of Ferrières, 9.

Lutheran heresy, see religion.

Lutterington, Wm., 100.

Lutton, West (E.R.), 112.

Lycett-Green, F. D., 537.

Lying-In Society, see public health.

Lylling, John, 92, 103.

Lyme Regis (Dors.), 42.

Lyth, John, 265, 305.

Macclesfield (Ches.), 215.

Mace, Hen., 204; Phineas, 204; Thos. (fl. 1660), 351; Thos. (fl. 1708), 236.

Maclagan, Abp. Wm. Dalrymple, 307.

madder, see dyestuffs.

'Madderlands', 85.

Madog, ap Llywellyn, 523.

Maeatae, the, 326.

Magnus, Thos., 147, 364.

maisons dieu , 365 and n (see also under the names there listed), 440.

Malbysse (Malbis), Ric., 47; fam., 380.

Malcolm II, King of Scots, 14.

Malesoure, Wm., 522; fam., serjeanty of, 522.

Malet, Rob., 22, 50; Wm., 18.

Mallory, Wm., 159.

malt, kilns for, 125, 132, 425; malting, 168; maltsters and maltgrinders, 114, 186, 259, 319; mkt., 233, 484, 486, 487.

Maltby, —, 460.

Malton (N.R.), 4, 42, 148, 221, 477; rd. to (Malton Rd.), 446, 475.

Malton Gazette , 539.

Malton Mail , 540.

Man, —, 460.

Manchester, Earls of, see Montagu.

Manchester (Lancs.), 215, 220, 258, 449, 469, 542; see also Dixon (F. W.).

Manchester Coll., 305, 405, 449, 452-3; see also Wellbeloved.

Mandeville, Nic. de, 37.

Manklin, Sam., 434.

Mann, John, 433.

Manners, Thos., 1st Earl of Rutland, 123.

Manor Sch., 449-50, 459, 531.

Mansel, Rob., 534.

Mansergh, Jas., 465.

Mansfield, John, 508; —, surgeon, 157.

Mansfield St., 412, 540-1.

Mansion House, 148 n, 208-9, 211, 232-6, 238-9, 241, 243, 250, 263, 290, 460, 513, 543-4.

mansiones , in city, 19, 40 n.

manufactories, see textiles, workhouses.

marblers, 115.

Marches, The (of Eng. and Scot.), 28, 59; Warden of, see Bowes (Sir Rob.).

Marchmont, Art., 540.

Margaret, dau. of Hen. III, w. of Alex. III of Scotland, 28.

Margaret, Queen, w. of Hen. VI, 5960, 62.

Margaret Tudor, Queen, w. of Jas. IV, 64, 319 n, 341, 346.

Margaret, dau. of Phil. the larderer, see Lardiner.

Margaret St., 419.

Marienburg (East Prussia), 103.

Market, Hen., 108-9.

Market St., 331; see also Jubbergate.

markets, 20, 23, 41-42, 50, 52, 69, 71-73, 98-99, 119, 138, 151, 168-9, 216, 219, 223, 245, 258, 260-2, 264-5, 275, 309, 319, 336, 364, 477, 484-9 (see also under the names of the mkts. there listed).

Marketshire, 21, 484-5.

Markham, Dean Geo., 353; Mrs. Spencer, 459; Abp. Wm., 352, 490.

Marmoutier (Bas-Rhin), Abbey of, 374.

Marriott, Sir John, 536.

Marsh, Dean Ric., 351, 434.

Marsh, The, 46, 49, 52, 311, 475, 509.

Marshall, Dr. Cuth., 149; Jane, m. Hugh Ingram, 180; John, 70 n; Ric., 125; Susanna, 427; Thos., 180.

Marston, Long (W.R.), 226.

Marston Moor (W.R.), battle of, 190, 351.

Martin (fl. 12th cent.), 29 n.

Martin, Jonathan, 338.

Martineau, Jas., the divine, 305, 449.

Marton (in Cleveland, N.R.), 402.

Mary I, Queen, 125, 149.

Mary, Queen of Scots, 154.

Marygate (St. Marygate), 39, 45, 69, 174 n, 314, 331, 357-8, 435, 447, 450, 456, 459, 467; cotton manufactory, later workhouse, 220, 227, 266, 27980.

Marygate Landing, 357.

Masham (N.R.), see Snow.

Mason, Francis, 408; Marg., 428, 430, Hosp. of, 426; Ric., 431, 435-6; Wm., 248-50, 353-4, 469.

masons, see building.

maternity hosps., see Acomb, Dispensary, Fulford, maternity hosps.

Matilda, of Boulogne, Queen, w. of King Stephen, 26.

Matthew (fl. before 1268), 401.

Matthew Paris, the historian, 48.

Matthew, Abp. Tobias, 200, 536.

mattress-makers, see textiles.

Mauleverer, Joan, m. Ric. York, 112; Rob., 508.

Mauritius, Island of, 273.

Mawbey, E. G., 543.

Mawman, Jos., 538.

Mayer, John, 241.

mayor, see corp.

Mayfield Grove, 446.

Mayo (Eire), 282.

McAdam, John Loudon, the roadmaker, 477.

McGuinness, Miss M., 184 n.

McMullen, Revd. J., 356 n, 357 n.

Meaux (E.R.), Abbey of, 87.

Mechanics' Institute (Y. Institute of Popular Science and Literature), 258, 268, 278, 288, 305, 536; see also Technical Coll.

medical services, see public health.

Meek, Jas., 269, 272, 305, 414; Rob., 80, 378; fam., 398 n.

Melbourne St., 411.

Melbourne Terr. Chap., 411.

Mell, Rob., 150.

Melmore, Sydney, Esq., 333 n.

Melrose, Jas., 429, 431, 437.

Melrosegate, 419.

Melton, Abp. Wm., 51, 55, 356, 529; Chancellor Wm., 156; Wm. (fl. c. 1419), 96.

'Menestrell', aldermen of, 495 n.

Mental Health Service, see public health.

mercers, see clothing.

Merchant Adventurers, The Y. Company (Merchant Guild), 31-32, 75, 104, 106, 111, 128-31, 169, 216, 218, 225, 422-3, 436, 481-2, 517; Hall, 107, 118, 144, 458, 468, 470, 482; see also Trinity Hosp. and Guild.

Merchant Adventurers of England 131, 168; Y. residence of, 169, 225.

Merchant Tailors', Company or Guild, 169-70, 218, 417 n, 423; Maison Dieu, 423; Hall, 107, 164, 189, 326, 382, 417, 441, 457, 468, 481, 511 n, 533 n; see also clothing (tailors).

merchants, 13, 19, 20, 67, 71-72, 79, 81-82, 87-88, 98, 100-6, 109-10, 114, 127-8, 139, 157, 167-9, 17980, 195-6, 215, 219, 223, 225, 436, 475, see also Acaster (Alan), Aguiler, Alstanmore, Belton, Beverley (Thos.), Blackburn (Nic., sr.), Bolton (John), Bowes (Wm.), Braithwaite (John), Bromholme, Burton (Wm.), Carr (John, fl. 15th cent.), Cerf (Adam le), Colle, Conyers (Brian), Ferriby, Flur, Gare (Thos. and Thos. jr.), Gilliott (Sir John), Gisburne, Goldbeter (Hen. and John), Gray (John, Rob. and Thos.), Hancock (Wm.), Holme (Rob. and Thos.), Hovingham, Kelsterne, Kent (John), Lamb (Thos.), Lancaster (Nic.), Langton (John and Nic.), Lindsey (Thos.), Louth (Rob.), Lutterington, Market (Hen.), Marshall (Ric.), Morton, Nelson (Thos.), Newton (John), Pawson, Peter of Appleby, Pickering (John, fl. 1476), Quixley (Simon and Wm.), Randman, Robinson (Peter and fam.), Russell (Ric.), Savage (Rob.), Scoreby, Selby (Hugh, Rob. and Wm.), Shirburn, Talkan (Rob.), Thirsk (John), Thomas of Reedness, Thompson (Edw., d. 1701), Todd (Wm.), Ulseby, Ward (Rob.), Wrangwissh (Thos.), Wyles, Wyman (Hen.), York (Ric.); company of, see Merchant Adventurers; see also Eastland Merchants.

Mercia, 4, 14; Earls of, see Edwin, Leofric; Kings of, see Burgred, Offa, Penda; ruler of, see Æthelflæd.

Meriton, Dean Geo., 351.

Merlerkey, fam., 282.

Merleswein (fl. 1069), 17, 18.

Merrington's Bldgs., 282.

Mershe, John, 482.

Mersk (street so called), 361.

Mersk Lane, 361.

metal and metal-working:
-, in gen., 43, 86, 89, 90, 108, 219, 258, 274.
-, metals: brass, founders, 258, see also Knapton (Wm.), brass ware, 99; iron, trade in, 82, 92, 98-99, 102-3, 105, 131, 169, 262 n, founders, 258-9, 262, 303, see also Knapton (Wm.), Thompson (Edwin), Walker (John), manuf., 273, merchants (mongers), 115, see also Dodsworth (John), Gaussen, smelting, 262; lead, trade in, 42, 81, 92, 97-98, 102-6, 129, 130-2, 169, plumbers, 110, 115, 259; pewter, ware, 92, 99, 334, pewterers, 71, 90-91, 95, 115, see also Wyllardeby; silver, supply and use of, 335-6, silver-ware, 200, silver-smiths, 200; steel, trade, 98, workers, 258; tin, trade in, 92, 103, for roofs, 337, tin-plate, 262 n.
-, metal workers (other than those above): bell-makers, 115, 127; buckle-makers, 92; cutlers, 89-91, 115, guild, 170; founders, 93-94, 115; girdlers, 89, 91, 100, 110, 115, guild, 92-93; goldsmiths, 46, 71, 90, 99, 111, 115, 166, 179, goldbeaters, 115, see also Alnwick (Alan), Beckwith (Ralph), Louth (Gilbert), Pulleyn (Ralph); latoners, 115; lorimers, 53, 89, 90-91, 94, 115; nailers, 115; needlers, 115; pateners, 115; pinners, 89, 91, 94, 115, guild, 96, 126; riveters, 115; spurriers, 89-91, 94, 115, guild, 170; tinkers, 115, 258; wiredrawers, 67, 91, 115; see also armour and arms.
-, smiths: blacksmiths, 87, 91, 115, 167, 228, 483, guild, 96, 126, 170; blade smiths, 90-91, 115, guild, 126; ferrours, 161; locksmiths, 115; marshals, 91, 115, guild, 96; smithies, 161; whitesmiths, 218, guild, 170.

Metcalfe, Miles, 62-64, 74, 86.

Methodism (in gen., usually Wesleyan), 252, 305-7, 353; New Connexion, 413; Primitive, 413-15; Wesleyan, 408-13, 415, Sunday Sch. Cttee., 306; Wesleyan Association, 416; Wesleyan Protestant, 415-16; Wesleyan Reformers, 413, 416; United Free, 415-16.

Micklegate, 23, 45, 48, 51, 87, 112, 119 n, 208, 247, 330-1, 360, 404, 429, 454, 477-8, 536, gen. dist. of, 27, 53, 324, 330; Brethren mtg., 418; butter standard, 487; corn mkt., 486; fair, 490; Spiritualist mtg., 417.

Micklegate Bar, 50, 53, 58-59, 62, 85, 190, 209, 242, 247, 330-1, 360, 501, 512, 513; fair outside, 490; gallows outside, 497.

Micklegate Sch. (Trinity Nat. Sch.), 450.

Micklegate Stray, 313, 420, 455, 503.

Micklegate Ward, 171, 214, 226-7, 283, 289, 293, 315, 318, 321, 436-7, 499, 501-5; common bull, 503; wardens of, 245.

'Micklegate Without', 404.

Micklethwaite, Elias, 180, 202.

Middelburg (Netherlands), 104.

Middle Water Lane, see Cumberland St.

Middleham (N.R.), 180; parson or chaplain of, see Piper.

Middlesbrough (N.R.), 426.

Middlethorpe (W.R.), 313, 321, 391-2, 461-2, 499-500, 503, see also Thompson (Sir Hen., d. 1692); manor of, 137 n; pumping station at, 465; rd. to, 316.

Middlethorpe Within, par., 313.

Middlethorpe Without, par., 313.

Middleton, Barons, see Willoughby.

Middleton, Anne, 424, 433, Hosp. of, 160, 209, 260, 422, 424, 437, 439; Boswell, 405; Marg., see Clitheroe; Peter, 427, 433, 436; Thos., 153.

Middleton (N.R.), 10.

Middleton Colliery Co., 261.

Middop, —, 152.

Miles, see Ric. s. of.

military affairs:
-, arrays, levies, musters, trained bands, 52, 55-57, 59-64, 73, 77, 123-4, 129-30, 135-6, 140-1, 187-8, 196-7, 315 n, 319, 516, 529; captaincy, 62, 82, 141.
-, military commanders (keeper) of the city, 18, 54, 56, 58, 530, governors (Civil War), 188, see also Clifford (Hen.), Dickinson (Thos.), Fairfax (Ferdinando), Glemham, Reresby.
-, regiments, Ancient British Fencibles, 541, Duke of Wellington's, 356, Dragoons, 541, 10th Dragoons, 235, 5th Dragoon Guards, 541, East Yorks., 542, Hussars, 541, 15/19th Hussars, 542, King's Own Yorks. Light Infantry, 356, Lancers, 541, 2nd West York Light Infantry, 542, West Yorks., 356, West Yorks. 14th Reg. Dist., 542, Yorks. Blues, 242, Yorks. Hussars, 533.
-, army units, corps, &c., Army Hospital Corps., 541, Royal Army Mechanical Corps, 542, Royal Army Ordnance Corps, 542, Royal Army Service Corps, 542, Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers, 542; Territorial Army, 542; G.O.C. in C., Northern Command, 542; H.Q., Northern Command, 542; H.Q., North-Eastern Military District, 542; Northern Command Tattoo, 310.
-, see also armour and arms, barracks.

Military Hosp., 467, 541.

'Milking Hill', 489.

Mill Crooks Closes, 316 n.

Mill Fields, 501, 507.

Mill Mount Grammar Sch., 299, 450, 507.

Mille Crux House, 316.

Miller, S. N., 324, 326-7, 329.

Mills, F. C., 449.

mills, 22, 41, 506-9 (see also under the names of the mills there listed); millers, 114, 167, see also Bowes (Thos.), Fell, Leetham; milling, 99, 273; see also grain.

Millfield Lane, 412.

Milner, John, 509; Ursyn, 156; Sir Wm., 241, 244; Sir Wm. Mordaunt, 244; Sir Wm. M. E., 292.

Milner-White, Dean Eric, 356, 357 n.

Milnes, Ric. Slater, 244.

Milton St., 412.

Minicius, M., Mude, a legionary, 329.

minster, see St. Peter (Met. Ch. of).

Minster Café, 118.

'Minster Garth', 490.

Minster Gates, 339, 496, 536.

Minster Mills, see St. Mary's Abbey.

Minster Yard (the street at present so known), 164, 339-40, 459, 535; see also St. Peter (Met. Ch. of).

Minster Yard with Bedern, extra-par. area, 282, 311, 372.

minstrels, see waits.

Mint Yard (extra-par. area and liberty), 161, 184-5, 207, 216, 226, 311, 364, 396, 434, 522.

mints, 16, 29-30, 46, 67, 168, 335, 364, 522, see also province and diocese; moneyers, 22, 29-30, 38, 108, 115, 335-6, see also Autgrim, Citell, Coc, Cudberht, Edward (fl. 12th cent.), Fargrim, Forn, Gannoc, Godwine (fl. 12th cent.), Griffin, Herbert (fl. 12th cent.), Hugh (fl. 12th cent.), John (fl. 12th cent.), John s. of Thurstan, Jordan (fl. 12th cent.), Laising, Martin (fl. 12th cent.), Norman (fl. 12th cent.), Odbern, Osgod, Raulf, Sampson (Alan and John), Scula, Selby (John), Sneborn, Specer (John le, sr.), Swartcol, Thomas s. of Ulf, Thurgrim, Thurstan (fl. 12th cent.), Toka, Turnham, Ulf, Verdennel (Adam), William (fl. 12th cent.), Winterfugel, Withsgne(o?)ta, Wulfsi, Wyllardeby.

Mitley, Chas., 208, 248, 496.

Model Sch., see St. John's Secondary Mod. Sch.

monasterium , use of term, 332 n.

Moncell, Adam de, 50.

Monck, Eliz., 426; Geo., 1st Duke of Albermarle, 191, 512.

Monckton, Wm., 424, 437.

Monckton-Arundell, Rob., 4th Vct. Galway, 244.

moneyers, see mints.

Monk, Edwin S., 354.

Monk Bar ('Monkbar'), 85, 207, 339, 363, 423, 432, 477, 512, 513; prison in, 493.

Monk Bar Central Mission, see Central Mission.

Monk Bar Chap., 416, 418.

Monk Bridge, 316, 365, 461, 475, 519.

Monk Burton (E.R.), see Blitheman.

Monk Stray, 316, 475, 503, 505.

Monk Ward, 163, 170-1, 214, 226-7, 283, 289, 314-16, 501-2, 504-5.

Monkgate (Munecagate, Munkgate), 20, 53, 314, 336, 365, 394, 423, 434, 446-7, 449, 453, 455, 458-9, 467-8, 472.

Monkgate Chap. (John Petty Memorial Chapel), 415.

Monkgate Meth. Circuit, 409, 416.

Monkgate Prim. Meth. Circuit, 415.

Monkton, Nun (W.R.), 387, 425; Priory of, 49, 381.

Monmouth, Duke of, see Scott.

Monmouthshire, 180.

Montagu, Edw., 2nd Earl of Manchester, 189; Lady Mary Wortley, 245.

Montague, Marquis of, see Neville (John).

Monte Cassino (Italy), Abbey of, 8.

Montfort, Simon de, Earl of Leicester, 27-28, 48, 523.

Moon, —, 475.

Moore, Edith, see Darley; Rob., 524-5; —, 454.

Moravians, 252, 416.

Moray, Earls of, see Randolph.

Morcar, Earl of Northumbria, 15-18.

More, Hen., 149; Sir Thos., 156; —, 419.

Moreley, — (fl. before 1649), 384.

Morington, Wm. de, 391.

Morley, W. J., 411; — (fl. 1584), 140.

Morrell, J. B., Esq., 539.

Morris, Rob., 158.

Mortain, Count (Earl) of, see Robert.

Morton, Rog., 110.

Morulf (fl. 1086), 22.

Moseley, Thos., 434; Revd. Thos., 435; — (fl. before 1649), 396; — (fl. before 1716), 384.

Mount, The, 41, 207-8, 283, 287, 314, 324, 332, 422, 429, 478; Anglian cemetery near, 3; fortification on, 189; mills on, 507.

Mount Grace (N.R.), Priory, Prior of, see Norton.

Mount Sch., 253, 305, 457, 472.

'Mousecotes', 85.

Mowbray, Hawisia, w. of Wm. Selby, 112; Sir John (fl. 1312), 54, 508; John (fl. 1472), 396; Rog. (dan. Rogier) de, 26, 45, 50, 376, 508; Thos., II, Earl of Nottingham, 58; Thos. (d. before 1727), 432; Wm. de, 523; fam., 50.

Mowthorpe (in Terrington, N.R.), 112.

Moxby (N.R.), Priory, 383.

Moxon, Jos., 540.

Moyser, Jas., 193.

Mulgrave, Earls of, see Sheffield.

Multangular Tower, see Rom. Y.

Munby, Eliz., 426.

'Munecagate', see Monkgate.

Municipal Secondary Sch. for Girls, see Queen Anne Sch.

Munkgate, see Monkgate.

'Munsorel' (a house), 51.

Münster (Nordrhein-Westfalen), 546; Bp. of, see Liudger.

murage, see taxation.

Murdac, Abp. Hen., 26.

Murgatroyd, Chas., 352.

Murray, Lindley, 253 n, 406, 471.

Murton (E.R.), 386.

Museum, see Castle Museum, Yorks. Philosophical Soc.

Museum Chambers, 532-3.

Museum Gardens, see Yorks. Philosophical Soc.

Museum St. (Finkle St., Lendal Hill), 209, 363-4, 532, 536.

Museum St. Rooms, 532.

Musgrave, Mary, 432, 437; Thos., 303.

Mush, John, 153.

music, concerts, 289, 532, festivals, 268, 289, 532, teachers, 158; musicians, 116, 219, guild, 158, see also waits; Y. Choral Soc., 268, 532; Y. Musical Soc., 289, 532; see also Festival Concert Rooms.

Myers, Eliz., 427-8; Hen., 422, 434, 437.

Myton-on-Swale (N.R.), battle of, 55.

Naburn (E.R.), 71, 380-1, 462; Acres Farm, 470; chap., 381; sewage purification at, 465.

Naburn Hosp., 467, 470, 471.

Naburn Lock, 464, 473; banqueting hall, 263, 473; tug and crane at, 474.

Naburn Lodge Farm, 470.

Naburn Weir, 473.

Naffington, John de, 383.

nailers, see metal.

Nalson, Eliz., 432.

names, personal, Scandinavian, 22, 29, 335-6; see also place-names.

Nares, Jas., 352.

Nathaniel, of Leaveland, 494 n.

National Covenant, see religion.

National Deposit Friendly Soc., see friendly socs.

National Fire Service, 466.

National Health Service, see public health.

National Picture Theatre, 534.

National Soc. (for promoting the education of the poor, &c.), 427, 442, 444, 449-56.

National Trust, The, 342.

Naturalists' Club, see Y. Naturalists' Club.

Naturalists' Soc., see Y. and District Field Naturalists Soc.

Navigation Rd., 298; mission room, 418.

Navigation Tavern, 443.

Nayler, Thos., 434.

Nayron, Adam, 378.

needlers, see metal.

Neild, Jas., 526.

Neile, Abp. Ric., 201-2, 350-1.

Neleson, Wm., 137.

Nelson, Eliz., m. Bryan Conyers, 109; John, 252, 408; Thos., 105, 109, 112, 375; Wm., 113.

Nessgate, 284, 331, 477.

Netherlands (Holland, Low Countries), 42, 100, 102-4, 108, 130; persons from, 108, 143, 155-6, 169, 472.

Neubigging, see Newbiggin.

Neville (Nevil, Nevill), Anne, see Anne (Queen); Geof., 27, 495; John, Marquis of Montague, Earl of Northumberland, 60; John, 3rd Baron Latimer, 381; John, 4th Baron Latimer, 381; Ralph, 1st Earl of Westmorland, 58, 87, 373; Ralph, 2nd Baron Neville, 373; Ric., Earl of Salisbury, 59; Ric., Earl of Warwick, 60-61; Ric., 2nd Baron Latimer, 111, 137; Rob., 27-28, 523; Thos., 59; fam., 87, 109, 373, 391, of Hornby, 112, of Sheriff Hutton, 510.

New Church, see Swedenborgians.

New Contract, The, see Y. Contract.

New England (district in Y.), 415.

New Jerusalem, see Good Templars' Hall.

New Lane, 411.

New Lendal Congregational Ch., 407.

New Staith, 210.

New St., 207, 210, 409, 465, 471, 496.

New St. Chap., 409, 410, 418, 439; Meth. Circuit of, 409-10; cinema in, see Tower Cinema.

New Walk, 207-8, 232, 237, 245, 483, 514, 520; Well House on, 408.

New York St., Meth. Mission in, 415.

New Zealand, see Potter (Wal.).

Newark (Notts.), 108.

Newarke, Peter, 315.

Newbiggin (Neubigging), 53, 311, 394.

Newburgh (N.R.), see Pole (John de la); Priory of, 376.

Newby-upon-Swale (N.R.) (Newby Park), 181, 240.

Newcastle, Dukes of, see Cavendish, Pelham-Holles.

Newcastle and Berwick Rly., 479.

Newcastle and Darlington Junction Rly., 479.

Newcastle upon Tyne, 41, 56, 85, 104, 106, 129, 135, 224, 257, 533, see also White (John); asylum, 469; coach service to, 477; rly. to, 478.

Newgate, 443; fish mkt., 488; produce mkt., 485, 489; see also Pump Yard.

newspapers, 537-41, see also under the names of the newspapers there listed.

Newstead, C. T., 388.

Newton, John, 70, 103; Miles, 118, 139 n, 400.

Newton Gate, 476.

Newton Terr., 493.

Nicholas II, Pope, 16 n.

Nicholas St., 412.

Nicholl, S. W., 469.

Nicholson, Mic., 432; Ric., 269.

Nicomedes, citizen of Rom. Y., 332.

Nidd, Riv., 318.

Nightingale, Edw., 405.

Noble, J., 468; Thos. Tertius, 357.

nonconformity, 205, 213, 252, 260, 288, 302-3, 305-7, 425, 439; chaps. and sects, 404-18 (see also under the names of the chaps. there listed).

Norfolk, Dukes of, see Howard.

Norfolk, Thos., 424, 433, 437.

Norfolk, 99-100, 334 n.

Norfolke (Northfolk), Thos. de, 393.

Normal Sch. of Design, Y. branch, see Sch. of Art.

Norman (fl. 12th cent.), 29 n.

Norman, John, 130.

Norman Conquest, 16, 17-19, 21, 337.

Normandy, Y. hanses in, 31-32.

Normanton (W.R.), 478.

Norris, Dean Wm. Foxley, 355-6.

Norsemen (vikings), 9-13, 20; king of in Ireland, see Guthfrith.

North (Northe), Sir Francis, 351; John, 118, 132, 141, 144, 147, 399; Ric., 431, 437.

North and East Yorks. Conservative Newspaper and Printing Co. Ltd., 539.

North Eastern Electricity Board, see electricity.

North Eastern Gas Board, see gas.

North Eastern Rly., 270, 292, 462, 478-81.

North Field, 499-500; Far, 501; Hither, 501.

North Lane, 314, 316.

North of England Assurance Co., 465.

North of England Newspaper Co., 539.

North St., 37, 45, 49, 87, 223, 225, 385, 427, 445; mission in, 410, 413, 417-18.

North St. Postern, 480, 514, 517, 520.

North St. Ward, 315.

Northallerton (N.R.), rd. to (Turnpike), 475-6.

Northampton, Earls of, see Howard (Hen.), Siward, Waltheof.

Northampton, 16, 41, 47.

Northeby, John, 79, 112.

Northern Association, The, 190, 204.

Northern Convocation, see province and diocese.

Northfolk, see Norfolke.

Northumberland, Ctss. of, see Percy (Anne); Earls of, see Neville, Percy.

Northumberland, 15, 191, 496.

Northumbria, 3-19, 24; Danish Kings in, see Eowils, Halfdan, Ivor; Earls of, see Cospatric, Eadwulf, Ealdred, Tostig, Morcar, Siward, Oswulf, Uhtred, Waltheof I, Waltheof II; Kings of, see Ælfwald, Ælla, Æthelred Moll, Ecgfrith, Eanred, Eardwulf, Edwin, Egbert II, Alhred, Eadberht, Osbald, Osberht, Osred, Oswald, Oswin; Thegns of, see Beorn, Copsi.

Norton, John, 156.

Norway, 10, 15, 103, 335; Kings of, see Harold Fairhair, Harold Hardrada.

Norwich, 85, 109, 122, 130, 257.

Nostell (W.R.), see Winn; Priory of, 37, 49.

Nottingham, Earls of, see Mowbray.

Nottingham, 17, 20, 41, 55, 57, 63, 97, 220, 257, 292, 498.

Nottinghamshire, 100, 250, 496.

Novara (Italy), 325.

Nowell, Lawrence, 157.

Nowtegate Lane, 423.

Nuffield Trust, 438.

Nun Field, see Y. Field.

Nun Ings, 313-14, 500-1.

Nun Mill, 507.

Nunnery Lane, 286, 414, 422, 514; mission in, 414, 455.

Nunnery Lane Board Sch., see Scarcroft Schs.

Nunthorpe, 322.

Nunthorpe Grammar Sch., 299, 450.

Nuvel, Ralph, 33, 371.

oats, see grain.

Oberammergau (Bayern), 391, 403.

obits, 53, 143, 368.

O'Connor, Feargus, 291-2; Jas. Desmond, 291.

Octon (in Thwing, E.R.), 521.

Odbern (fl. 12th cent.), 29 n.

Odeon Cinema, 535.

Offa, King of Mercia, 9.

Ogleforth, 209, 339-40, 372, 384, 471; Agricola House in, 417; Maternity Hosp. in, see Dispensary; mission rooms in, 418.

Ogleforth Rom. Cath. Sch., see St. Wilfrid's Schs.

Olaf Guthfrithson, viking king of Y., 12.

Olaf Sihtricson, viking king of Y., 11-13.

Old Baile, see castles.

Old Contract, The, see Y. Contract.

Old Maids' Hosp., see Wandesford (Mary).

Old Sand Hill Inn (or p.h.), 416, 477.

Opera House and Empire, 486, 534.

optician, 219.

Ordericus Vitalis, 17.

Ordnance Survey, 311, 313-14, 320, 542.

Orfeur, Ann, 427.

Orford, Earls of, see Walpole.

organ makers, 116, 166.

Original Mercury , Y. Journal, or Weekly Courant, 537.

Original Y. Journal , or Weekly Courant, 537.

Ormsby (near Middlesborough, N.R.), 46.

Ormshead, Marg., m. Nic. Blackburn, 91, 112; Wm., 79, 112.

Osbald, King of Northumbria, 6.

Osbaldiston, Dean Ric., 352.

Osbaldwick (N.R.), 174 n, 286, 311, 313, 316, 319-20, 403, 461-2.

Osbaldwick Lane, 445.

Osberht, King of Northumbria, 9-10.

Osbern, s. of Boson, 377.

Osborne, Sir Edw., 186; Peregrine, Vct. Dunblane, 2nd Duke of Leeds, 193-4; Thos., 1st Earl of Danby (later 1st Duke of Leeds), 182 n, 192-4.

Osgod (fl. 11th cent.), 336.

Osgodby (E.R.), 45-46.

Oslac, Earl of Y., 14.

Osred, King of Northumbria, 6.

Ostmann Rd., 444.

Oswald, King of Northumbria, 4, 5, 337, 343.

Oswaldkirk (N.R.), see Barton (Sir Wm.).

Oswaldkirk Bank (N.R.), 476.

Oswiu, King of Northumbria, 4.

Oswulf, Earl of Northumbria, 14.

Otley, Wm. of, 41.

Otley (W.R.), 42.

Otter Holmes, 507.

Otterburn (Northumb.), battle of, 57.

Oulston Moor (N.R.), 475.

Our Lady, Rom. Cath. Ch. of, 419.

Our Lord and the Virgin, guild of, see Trinity Hosp.

Ouse, Riv., 20-21, 26-27, 36, 41, 68-69, 97, 131, 223-4, 318, 322, 325, 357-8, 360, 362, 499, 511, 51314; bankside gardens, 309; see also New Walk; city's rights in, 222, 319; fishing day, 179, 235, 238; freezing, 212; flooding, 284, 521, 523; pollution, 107, 464-5; as water supply, 119-20, 281, 461.
-, Navigation, 1, 128, 169, 196, 257, 262-4, 270-2, 275, 277, 295, 309, 472-4; see also Naburn Lock.

Ouse and Derwent, Forest of, 320.

Ouse Bridge:
-, construction, rebuilding, repair, and use of, 51, 70, 85, 110, 118, 128, 138, 161, 184-5, 209, 229, 232, 234, 248, 260, 263, 331, 396, 483, 501, 515-18.
-, council chamber on, 65, 77, 158, 161, 178, 232, 233 n, 238, 240, 492, 515, 517-18, 543.
-, prisons (kidcotes), 34, 36, 76, 143, 154, 228, 264, 275-6, 439-40, 460, 491-2, 515, 517.
-, other institutions: cloth hall, 482; common bell, 81-82, 486, mkt. bell, 516; common jakes, 393; fish mkt., 488; King's Bow, Queen's Bow, 515; maison dieu, 365, 515-17; lights of, 265; water pipes on, 211, 460; wool mkt., 487.
-, otherwise mentioned, 28, 48, 120, 125 n, 152, 160, 230, 284, 331, 472, 478; see also bridges (bridgemasters), St. William's Chap., Tollbooth.

Ouseburn (W.R.), 180.

Ousefleet (W.R.), 180.

Ousegate (High and Low, unspecified), 45, 49-52, 89, 325, 331, 335; High (Upper), 161, 405, 462, 538-9, mkt., 485; Low, 417, 426, 535.

Ouseley, Sir Fred. Art. Gore, 354.

Outhan (fl. 12th cent.), 40.

Owram, —, 437.

Owthwayte, Wm., 151.

Oxford, Earls of, see Harley.

Oxford, 523 n; Manchester Coll., 449.

Oxford St., 287.

Oxton (W.R.), 434.

Pack Horse Inn, 477.

Pacocke (Paycoke), Anne, 153; Rob., 138 n, 153, 369.

Page, Geo., 520; Thos., 520.

pageants, see plays.

painters, see building.

Palace of Y., see King's Manor.

Palladio, Andrea, the architect, 531.

Palmer, John, mail coach pioneer, 477; Thos., 33.

Palmer Lane, 384.

Palmes (de la Paume), Dr. Geo., 149; Maud, see Watervill; Wm., 380; fam., 205, 380-1.

paper, 105.

Paragon St., 369.

parchment-makers, 91, 94, 115.

Pardoe, Wm., 466.

pardoners, 116.

Paris, see John of.

Paris (France), 49.

parishes, in gen., 34, 66, 77, 117, 124, 172, 182, 197, 226, 237, 257, 266, 277, 302-4, 463-4, 512, 516; boundaries of, 311-13; char., 421, 427-36; union of, 117, 122, 203, 311.
-, officers of, in gen., 178, 182, 368; beadles, 119; churchwardens, 133, 150, 182, 201-2, 204, 368; clerk, 77, 151, 204; constables, 67, 77, 108, 119-20, 133, 151, 171, 182, 197, 227, 265, 466; deputy constables, 119; overseers, 133-4, 170, 172, 182, 210, 226-8, 237, 277.
-, see also guilds, workhouses.

Parisii, 322.

Park Grove Sch., 278, 447, 450.

Parker, fam., 287, 289.

Parliament St., 331, 333-4, 408, 462, 485, 490, 540; hiring fair, 491; mkt., 484, 488-9, 539.

parliaments, held in Y., 29, 54-57, 60; Members of for Y., 28, 79, 124-5, 129, 135, 139-40, 166, 169, 173, 186, 191-2, 195-6, 209, 231-2, 240-5, 248, 268-9, 276, 291, 301, 309, 319, 475, 500, 510, 546, wages of, 73, 79, 185, 196, 319, see also politics, statutes; see also Aguiler, Allanson, Armytage (Sir Geo. and Sir John), Askwith, Bennet, Benson (Rob.), Beresford (Ld. Chas.), Blackburn (John), Bowes (Wm.), Brooke (Chris.), Cavendish (Ld. John), Clarevaux (Nic.), Dickinson (Sir Thos.), Fairfax (Rob.), Fox Lane (Rob.), Gargrave, Geldart (John, d. 1659), Gisburne, Goldbeter (Hen.), Gray (John, Thos. and Wm.), Hewley (Sir John), Hilliard, Hoyle, Ingram (Sir Art.), Jenkins (Tobias), Kaye, Kelsterne, Lancaster (Nic.), Lawson (Sir Geo.), Lowther (Jas. and John Hen.), Milner (Sir Wm. and Sir Wm. Mordaunt), Milnes, Monckton-Arundell, Northeby, Ormshead (Wm.), Osborne (Sir Edw.), Penrith (John), Thos. of Reedness, Reresby, Robinson (Metcalfe, Wm., d. 1616, and Sir Wm., d. 1736), Savage (Rob.), Scott (John), Smyth (J. G.), Thirsk, Thompson (Edw., d. 1701, Edw., d. 1742, and Sir Hen., d. 1683), Thornton (Wm.), Topham (Chris.), Turner (Chas.), Wentworth (Godfrey), Widdrington, York (Ric.), Yorke (H. G. R.).

Parson, Jas., 314.

Parsons, Jas., 305, 407.

pasture, see common lands and strays.

pateners, see metal.

Paternoster Guild, 111, 148 n, 482; see also plays.

Patrick Pool, 48, 52, 85.

Paulinus, Abp. or Bp., 4, 337, 343, 356; altar dedicated to, 356.

Paume, de la, see Palmes.

Pausanias, the geographer, 330.

Pavement, 21, 48, 76, 96, 118, 151, 180, 208, 361, 378, 413, 477, 484, 490, 539; bull-ring, 487; cornbell in, 486; fish mkt., 488; hiring fair, 491; Hosier Lane in, 209, 486; mkt., 70, 209, 251, 371, 485-7; mkt. cross, 161, 238, 487.

pawnbrokers, 219.

Pawson, Hen., 529.

Paycoke, see Pacocke.

Paynell (Paynel), Ralph, 23, 50, 369, 374, 381-2.

Paynlathes Crofts, 314, 499-501, 507; see also Groves, Penley's Grove St.

Paynton, John, 63.

Peachey, Wm., 408, 480.

Peacock, Ann, 538; Caesar, 538; Geo., 538; Rob., 177; Wm., 506; — ('Peacock's Gift'), 437, 440.

Peaseholme Green, 111-12, 286, 428, 490; Baptist mtg., 408; fair, 491; hay mht., 487; Prim. Meth. Mtg., 413; swine mkt., 489; wool mkt., 487.

Peaseholme Green Chap., 252, 409.

Peckitt, John, 233 n; Wm., 247, 389

Peckitt St., 413, 466.

Peckitt St. Chap., 394.

Pelham-Holles, Sir Thos., 1st Duke of Newcastle, 243.

Penda, King of Mercia, 4.

Penley's Grove St., 426; see also Groves.

Penrith, John, 78.

Penrith (Cumb.), 242.

Pepper Mill, see White Cross Mill.

Percival, Harriet, 441.

Percy, Agnes de, 392; Algernon, 10th Earl of Northumberland, 182 n; Anne, Ctss. of Northumberland, w. of Thos., 7th Earl, 157; Ernal, 46; Hen., the younger (Hotspur), 58; Hen., 1st Earl of Northumberland, 58-59, 64; Hen., 2nd Earl of Northumberland, 59; Hen., 3rd Earl of Northumberland, 87, 380; Hen., 4th Earl of Northumberland, 61-64, 104; Hen., 6th Earl of Northumberland, 144, 157; Rob., 45-46, 50; Thos., of Egremont, 59; Sir Thos. (fl. 1536), 145; Thos., 7th Earl of Northumberland, 378; Wm. (fl. 1086), 22, 378; Wm., of Kildale, 46; fam., 50, 61, 87, 145, 157, 374, 380, 392, town house of, 87, 380.

Perrott, Eliz., 430; Ric., 203.

pest-houses, see public health (plague).

Peter, of Appleby, 45.

Peter, of Foxholes, 40.

Peter Lane, 400.

Peter Lane Little, 365.

Peter Lane Sch., see All Saints, Pavement, par.

Peter Prison, see St. Peter (Met. Ch. of).

Petergate (High and Low, unspecified), 21, 37, 52, 118, 326, 339-41, 363, 461, 465, 537-8; High, 459, 467, Christian Science Reading Room, 417; Low, 536.

Peterkin, of Eastland, 108.

Peter's Pence, see coins.

Petty, John (fl. 1504), 78; John (fl. 1887), 415, see also Monkgate Chap.; Sir John, glass painter, 396.

pewter, see metal.

philanthropic socs., 303.

Philip II, King of Spain, 155.

Philip IV, the Fair, King of France, 49.

Philip, the larderer, see Lardiner.

Philippa, Queen, of Hainault, w. of Edw. III, 56, 522.

Phillips, Dr. H. A., 436.

photographer, see Pumphrey.

physicians and surgeons: physicians, 86, 93, 108, 116, 157, 173, 199, 280, see also Boerhaave, Burton (Dr. John), Lee (Rog.), Lister (Martin), Thomason, Tubley, Vavasour (Wm.), Wintringham (Dr. Clifton); surgeons, 116, 157, 199, 213, see also Birkbeck (Chris.), Devall, Drake, Jordan (Edm.), Leache, Mansfield, Warwike; see also barber surgeons.

Physicians, (Royal) College of, 157.

Piccadilly, 297, 381, 423-4, 452, 478, 520, 535.

Piccadilly Bridge, 520.

Pickard, Ric., 433, 437.

Pickering, see Jas. of.

Pickering (Pickeryng), John (fl. 1477), 104; Sir John, 86; Dean Rob., 68, 364.

Pickering (N.R.), see Kirk (Dr. J. L.).

Pico (della Mirandola), Giovanni, 156.

Picture House, The, 535.

Pigott, Edw., 249.

pigs, 28, 41, 107, 119, 138, 182; marketing of, 294, 485, 486, 489; pigsties and piggeries, 119, 281, 283.

Pikeing Well, 208, 245.

Pilgrimage of Grace, 117 n, 135, 139, 142, 143-5, 319.

Pindar, —, 408.

Pinero, Sir Art. Wing, the playwright, 534 n.

Pinke, Wm., 158.

pinners, see metal.

Piper, John, 523.

pitch, see building.

Pitt, Wm., 1st Earl of Chatham, 243; Wm., the younger, 541.

Pius II, Pope, see Sylvius.

Place, Francis, 247, 531; Thos., 243.

place-names, 10-11, 13, 249, 322, 336; see also names, personal.

plague, see public health.

Plantagenet, Abp. Geof., 588.

plaster, see building.

plays and pageants, in gen., 62-63, 90, 93, 96-97, 126-7, 149, 152-3, 158, 310; Corpus Christi, 57, 63, 91, 106, 152, 481; Creed Play, 62, 96, 111, 152; Paternoster, 96, 152; stage players, 158, 199, 246.

'Ploxwangate', see Blossom St.

'Ployhsuaingate', see Blossom St.

plumbers, see metal.

Plummer, Francis, 423, 437.

Plumpton, Rob., 109; Sir Steph., 58; Sir Wm., 109.

plush weavers, see textiles.

Plutarch, the biographer, 325.

Plymouth Brethren, 'close' or 'exclusive', 418; 'open', 377, see also Gospel Hall.

Poer, Reynold le, 50.

Pole, John de la, Earl of Lincoln, 62-64; John de la, of Newburgh, 109; Cardinal Reg., 149.

Polebrigg, see Pool Bridge.

police, 264-5, 275-6, 278, 466.

politics (parliamentary), 79, 139-40, 186, 192-6, 240-5, 268-9, 289-93, 300-1, 309; Anti Corn Law League, 292; Chartists, 276, 291-2; Conservative Club, 364; Conservative Party, 300-1, 309, 421; Independent Labour Party, 291, 293, 421; Irish National League, 291; Labour Representation Cttee., 293; Labour Party, 290-1, 293, 300-1, 309; Liberal Party, 268-9, 290, 300-1; Rockingham Club, 243; The Association, 242; tories, 193, 240-5, 248, 268, 289-90; Yorkshire Association, 244, 248; Whigs, 193, 240-5, 248, 250, 268, 291; see also Northern Association, Parliament.

Pont L'Evêque, Abp. Rog., 51, 337, 344.

Pontefract (W.R.), 58, 117 n, 144-5; M.P. for, see Monckton-Arundell; Priory, 377, 400.

Pool, Frances, 424, 437.

Pool Bridge (Polebrigg, Pool Briggs), 316.

poor relief, 108, 111, 132-5, 1708, 182-3, 195, 198, 220, 226-9, 237, 257, 261, 266, 279-80, 282, 295, 319, 501; Board of Guardians, 265, 279-81, 293, 421, 429, office (Vagrants' Office), 266, 286, 533; Public Assistance Cttee., 470; see also workhouses.

Poppleton, Nether (W.R.), 308, 390 n, 398, 445, 461-2.

Poppleton, Upper (W.R.), 308, 313, 374, 384, 389-90, 398, 430, 461-2; see also Burton (John).

Poppleton Gate Hosp., 468-9.

Poppleton Hall Hosp., 468-9.

Poppleton Lane, 476.

Poppleton Rd., 390.

Poppleton Rd. Schs., 442, 450.

population, 1, 3, 19-20, 22, 24-25, 40-41, 46, 52, 84-86, 108, 118, 120-2, 128, 132, 162-5, 212-15, 254-8, 269, 282-5, 296, 298-9, 302, 304, 306, 308.

port, Y. as, 42-43, 98, 101, 128.

porters, 116, 169, 215, 224, guild, 223; chairmen, 477; panniermen, 222, 488; sledge-men, 223.

Portington (E.R.), 425.

'portmen', see courts.

Portugal, 102.

posterns, 173, 188, 192, 234, 236, 252, 512, 513-14 (see also under the names of the posterns there listed).

postmaster, 231.

potash, see dyestuffs.

Poteman, Wm., 347.

Potter, Mary, 428; Wal., 429.

pottery, 99, 334, see also Rom. Y.; potters, 116.

Potts, Geo., 430.

pouchmakers, see leather.

poultry, 82, 98-99; mkts., 485-6; poulterers, 98, 114, 477, 484.

Pound Garth, 207.

Pounfrayt (Pounfrett), Wm. de, 371.

Practising Sch., see St. John's Voluntary Sch.

preachers, city, 152, 185, 201-2, 2045; see also Aiscough, Bowles, Calvert (Thos.), Cole, Harwood, Herring (Theodore), Holden, Hooke, Middop, Perrott (Ric.), Rathband, Shaw (John), Whittacres, Williams (Peter).

Precentor's Court, 339, 395, 472.

Presbyterians, 151, 204-5, 252, 404-5, 416, 425, 439, 449.

Preston, Darcy, 232, 234, 237; Mary, 234; Rob., 94.

Prince, Ann, 437-8.

printing, 155-6, 187, 191, 199-200, 249-50, 273, 294, see also books, newspapers; printers, 127, 155-6, see also Barker (Rob.), Broad, Bulkley, Coultas & Volans, Delittle & Co., Elliker, Gent, Jackson (John), Johnson (R.), Ward (Ann and Caesar), White (Grace and John).

Priory St. (sometimes Priory Place), 330, 360-1, 410, 416.

Priory St., Lower, 416.

Priory St. Baptist Chap., 408.

Priory St. Wesleyan Chap., see Wesley Chap.

Priory St. Wesleyan Schs., 450-1.

prisons, 161, 178, 260, 262, 491-7 (see also under the names of the prisons there listed); char. for, 111, 172, 228, 439-40; houses of correction, 228, 235, 264, 275, 319, 460, 480, 482-3, 493, 494, 529.

Pritchett, J. P., 414.

Privy Council, 124, 129-30, 134, 136, 153, 168, 172, 174, 195, 197, 203; clerks of, 360.

Probate Registry, 483.

Prosser, Thos., 480.

prostitution, 108; brothels, 247, 303, 377.

Protestant Y. Courant , 538.

Providence Place, 287.

provident socs. (sick clubs), 302, 430, 433, 435.

province and diocese:
-, diocesan institutions: board of education, 458; Church Building Soc., 302-3, 396; Convocation, 303, 343; music festivals, 356; Nat. Schs. Soc., 304; registrar, 74, see also Chapman (John); registry (minster), 338; registry (St. Anthony's Hall), 368 n, 373, 389, 3945, 483; solicitor, see Gray (J.); surveyor, see Demaine; training colleges, see St. John's Coll., Y. and Ripon Diocesan Training Coll. for Schoolmistresses.
-, archbishops: a history of, 74; commissions of inquiry into Y. chs., 306-7, 367; courts, 21, 142-3, 151, 157 n, 338, 380, 403, 492; domestic chaplain, 350; fairs, 42, 69, 490; fishgarths, 128; gallows, 498; lands and properties of, 21, 71, 112, 498, 500, 512, 528, see also Grange Field; liberty (customs, fees, privileges, shire) of, 19-23, 29, 38-39, 68, 311, 313; mill, 507; mint, 29-30, 38, 67, 335 n; palace (at Bishopthorpe), 56-58, 247, 250; palace (in Y.), 23, 28, 51, 55, 56 n, 60, 62, 118, 338, 340-1, 348, 497, 511, see also Ingram (Sir Art.); pallium for, 3, 5; patronage, 369-70, 372, 375-80, 383, 386-7, 391-2, 396, 398-9, 410; presents from city to, 64, 250; prison, 338, 341, 497; servants of, 39, 166, 500; visitations, 150, 154, 201-2, 204-5, 212, 250-2, 303, 307, 347-9, 353; otherwise mentioned, 8, 22, 27, 33, 83, 109, 122, 129, 134, 152, 174, 186, 250, 303, 344, 348, 371, 373, 376, 377, 383.
-, see also (bishops) Eborius, Egbert, Paulinus, St. Chad, St. John of Beverley, St. Wilfrid, (archbishops) Æthelberht, Bainbridge, Booth, Corbridge, Dolben, Drummond, Ealdred, Eanbald, Egbert, Frewen, Gray, Greenfield, Grindal, Harcourt, Harsnett, Heath, Herring, Holgate, Hutton, Lamplugh, Lee, Longley, Maclagan, Markham, Matthew, Melton, Murdac, Musgrave, Neile, Plantagenet, Pont L'Evêque, Romeyn, St. Oswald, St. William, Sandys, Savage, Scrope, Sharpe, Sterne, Thomas I, Thomas II, Thomson, Thoresby, Thurstan, Wigmund, Wilfrid II, Williams, Wolsey, Wulfhere, Wulfstan, Young, Zouche.
-, archdeacons, 344, 350; of Cleveland, 203, 360, 370, 372, 400, see also Lake; of the East Riding, 203, see also Poteman; of Richmond, 339 n, 400, see also Dalby; of Y., 203, 370, 372, see also Hooke, Wickham.
-, Dean of the Christianity of Y., 142, see also Hemingborough, Wintringham.

Prussia, 91, 102-3.

Ptolemy, the geographer, 2, 325.

public health:
-, in gen., 107, 121, 212, 247, 280-6, 298; see also sanitation.
-, diseases: cholera, 212, 278, 280, 282-3, burial ground, 467; plague, 57, 63, 76, 84-85, 107, 119-20, 122, 124, 133, 136, 159 n, 162, 166, 170-3, 178, 198, 351, 381, 484; lodges, 119, 173, 503, 506; typhoid, 284-5, 298; typhus, 279, 282.
-, hospitals: in gen., 309, 430, 433, 467-72 (see also under the names of the hosps. there listed); Y. 'A' and Tadcaster Hosp. Management Cttee., 467; Y. County and District Hosp. Contributory Scheme, 468; Y. Home for Nurses, 472; Y. Workpeoples Hosp. Cttee., 468.
-, housing and slum clearance, 260, 282-4, 297-300, 307-8, 421; Y. Health and Housing Reform Assoc., 298.
-, medical services: in gen., 467; Chest Clinic (Tuberculosis Dispensary), 447, 470; District Nursing Amenities Fund, 436; health centre (formerly Dispensary), 467, 471; health centre (Gale Lane), 467; Inst. for Diseases of Ear, 468; Inst. for Diseases of Eye, 468; Lying-In Soc., 471; Mental Health Service, 467; midwives, 204; National Health Service, 467, 471-2; nursing (char. for), 430, 433; Y. Medical Soc., 536.

public houses, 287, 302; see also Admiral Hawke, Bird in Hand, Cross Keys, Fox, Hole in the Wall, Light Horseman, Navigation Tavern, Old Sand Hill, Queen's Head, Thomas's Hotel.

Public Record Office, 526 n.

public services, see baths, cemeteries, electricity, fire, gas, police, public health, sanitation, streets, water.

Pulleyn, Hen., 506; Ralph, 147, 156.

Pulleyn Drive, 314.

Pulleyn's Buildings, 282.

Pump Yard, Meth. mtg. place, 408-9; see also Newgate.

Pumphrey, Wm., 448.

Purey-Cust, Dean Art. Percival, 355, 420, 472.

Purey-Cust Nursing Home, 341, 436, 467, 472.

purse-makers, see leather.

Pursglove, Bp. Rob., 149.

Quakers, see Soc. of Friends.

Queen Anne's Bounty, 251, 369-70, 372-3, 375, 378-9, 383, 386-8, 391, 393, 395-6, 398, 401-2.

Queen Anne's Grammar Sch., 299, 450, 451.

Queen Anne's Rd., 451.

Queen St., 450, 478, 481.

Queen St. Bridge, 481.

Queen's Head, p.h., 393.

Queen's Hotel, 418.

Queen's Staith, 210, 223.

Queen's Staith Rd., 410.

Quentovic (France), 335.

Quintilianus, M. Fabius the rhetorician, 9.

Quixley Sim., 70, 81-82, 100, 102, 314 n; Wm., 100.

racing (Y. Races), 159, 199, 232, 238, 243, 245 266-7, 287, 289, 309, 531-2, the course, 208, 289, 504; Race Ball, 267, 531; Race Cttee., 504-5; Race Week, 494, horse show in, 491.

Radcliffe, John, 439; Thos., 3rd Earl of Sussex, 118, 529.

Radclyff, Nic., 380; see also Warthell.

Rægnald, viking king of Y., 11, 12.

raft merchants, see Wood & Co.

Ragged Sch., see Y. Industrial Ragged Sch.

Ragnar Lothbrok, viking, 9.

Railway St. (Hudson St.), 331, 335, 478, 480, 540.

Railwaymen's Mission, 411.

railways, in gen., 254, 257, 262, 264, 269-72, 274, 473, 477, 478-81; railway-workers, 273-4, 287-8, 292-3, 301-3, 309, 444, see also Amalgamated Soc. of Rly. Servants.
-, anciliary institutions: carriage works, 270, 307, 481; Centenary Exhibition, 481; locomotive works, 255, 270, 481; offices, 331, 481; permanent way works, 481; Railway Institute, 481; Railway Museum, 481; station hotels, 4801; stations, old, 330-1, 333-4, 362-3, 425, 478, 480, 510, 520, new, 308, 330-1, 478, 480; see also British Railways, British Transport Commission.

Raine, Revd. Angelo, 326 n, 371; Jas., 371, 441, sch., see All Saints, par.

Rainer, see William s. of.

Raines, Thos., 176.

Ralph, the Staller, 15.

Ramsden, Cath., 433, 437.

Ramsey (Hunts.), 215; Abbey, 19.

Randman, John, 100.

Randolph, John, 523; Thos., Earl of Moray, 55.

Randulf, of Y., 42.

Rannulf II, Earl of Chester (de Gernon), 26.

Raper, John, 237.

Raper, Swann, Clough, Swann, Bland and Raper, bankers, 261.

Raskelf (N.R.), 112.

rat-catcher, 219.

Ratcliff, Rog., 144.

Ratcliffe, see Warthell.

Rathband, Nat., 203.

Raulf (fl. 12th cent.), 29 n.

Rawcliffe (N.R.), 174 n, 308, 316, 395, 398-9, 462, 481, 499.

Rawcliffe Common, 503.

Rawcliffe Ings, 245.

Rawdon (Rawden), Marmaduke, 161, 428, 487, 546; W. F., 439, 468.

Rawlinson, Rob., 464.

Rawson, —, 219.

Rayson, Thos., 485.

Reading, S. J., Esq., 479.

Reavensuart (fl. 1065), 15.

Rechabites, 417.

Recorder, see corp.

recusancy, see religion.

Red Tower (Brimstone House), 514.

Red Tower Playground, 278.

Redehode, Ric., 88.

Redeness St., 406, 442.

Redhead, Rob., 118, 524-5.

Redman, Wm., 428.

Reedness, see Thos. of.

Reedness (W.R.), 71.

reeves, of the city, see corp.

Regal Cinema, 535.

Regent Cinema, 535.

Regent St. Prim. Meth. Mission, 415.

regiments, see military affairs.

regrating, see trade (offences).

Reiner (fl. 12th cent.), 41.

religion:
-, religious life: in gen., 51, 142-55, 200-6, 250-2, 302-8; customs, burial wakes, 252, Sunday observance, 151, 202, 204, 252; early Christianity and conversion, 4-5, 7-8, 10, 12, 16, 343; in par. chs., 251-2, 304, 306-8, 355; offences, 150-1, 183; Rom.-Brit. Christianity, 2.
-, religious groups: Anabaptist heresy, 143, see also Baptists; Brownists, 151; evangelicalism, 306-7, 353; heretics, 142-3; Lollardy, 143, 149; Lutheran heresy, 143; National Covenant, 176; New Learning, 143, 148; Protestantism, 142-3; Puritanism, 151-2, 179, 200-3; recusants, 136, 153-5, 202, 205, 492-3; Sacramentarians, 143; Seminarists, 153-4; Y. Auxiliary Tract (or Bible) Soc., 306, 532; Y. Ch. Institute, 306; Y. Ch. Sun. Sch. Cttee., 303, 306, 443, 445, 454, 455-6; Y. Ch. Missionary Soc., 306.
-, see also, Ch. Extension Assoc., Ch. Pastoral Aid Soc., churches, Jews, nonconformity, Rom. Caths., Sisters of the Ch.

religious houses, sites and remains of, 357-65 (see also under the names of the religious houses there listed); in gen., 49-51, 107, 110-11, 117, 132, 145; guilds in, 483; lands of, 498-9; libraries of, 537.

Remploy Ltd., 411.

Rennie, John, the engineer, 475.

Reresby, Sir John, 175, 192-4, 205-6, 530.

Residence, Old and New, see St. Peter (Met. Ch. of).

resin, 99.

Retreat, The, 253, 406, 443, 462, 467, 469, 471-2.

Rheims (Marne), 154.

Rhine-Meuse, region, 332.

Rhineland, 102.

Rhodes, Thos., 473.

Rialto Cinema (City Palace), 535.

Ribston (W.R.), see Goodrick (Sir John).

Riccal (E.R.), 425.

Riccardi, fam., bankers, 42.

Richard I, King, 26, 32, 36, 38, 47, 346.

Richard II, King, 57-58, 67, 69, 73, 400-1, 515, 518, 546.

Richard III, King, 62-65, 97, 123, 135, 341, 348, 512, 521, 524; (as Duke of Gloucester), 61-62, 65-66, 74, 82, 104, 111; chamberlain of, 83; council of, clerk of, 74-75.

Richard, 3rd Duke of York, 59.

Richard, s. of Erfast, 22, 50.

Richard, s. of Fyn, 403.

Richard, s. of Miles, 37.

Richardson, Sir Albert, 356; Jas., 269; Peter, 434; Wm., 303, 306, 353.

Richmond, Dukes of, see Fitzroy, Lennox; Earls of, see Alan.

Richmond (N.R.), 50, 109, 130.

Richmondshire, 64, 98, 105.

Rickman, John, statistician, 162.

Ricsige, King of Danish Y., 10.

Rievaulx (N.R.), Abbey of, 49-50, 401, 499 n.

Rimmer, W. G., Esq., 262 n.

riots, 39, 62, 69, 81-83, 96, 183, 192, 206, 244.

Ripley, —, 455.

Ripon (W.R.), 55, 90, 97, 99, 141, 153, 413; coach service to, 270, 477; Coll. Ch. of, 5, 99; Diocesan Training College, 446, see also Y. and Ripon Diocesan Training Coll.; Diocese of, 453, 458; persons from, 507-8; St. Mary Madgalene Hosp., 380, master of, see Cimiterio.

Ripon and Richmond Chronicle , 540.

'Risewde', a wood called, 15.

riveters, see metal.

roads, leading to Y., 25, 98, 224, 475-8; see also streets, turnpikes.

Robert I (Bruce), King of Scotland, 55.

Robert, Count (Earl) of Mortain, 22, 50, 377.

Robert (fl. 12th cent.), 384.

Robin Hood Inn, 477.

Robinson, Dinah, 431; Eliz., 431; Sir Metcalfe, 177, 181, 191-3, 240; Peter, 144; Peter Fred., 526; Sir Tancred, 241, 378, 531; Wm. (fl. 15th cent.), 94; Wm. (?d. by 1614), 436; Wm. (d. 1616), 181, 240; Wm. (d. 1626), 181, 398; Sir Wm. (d. 1658), 181, 184; Sir Wm. (d. 1736), 181, 192, 236, 240-1, 245, 358, 398, 506, house of, 230, 363, 543; Sir Wm. (fl. 1763), 395; Sir Wm. (fl. 1836), 398; Wm. (d. by 1884), 430; Wm., the evangelist, 352; Revd. —, 402; fam., 181, 240, 398.

Rochester (Kent), 523.

Rockingham, Marquis of, see WatsonWentworth.

Rockingham Club, see politics.

Roger, Earl of Hereford, 26.

Rogerson, Thos., 435, 437.

Rokeby, John, 148, 149; Ralph (d. 1575), 157; Ralph (d. 1596), 157; Sir Thos., fam. of, 205; — (fl. 1684), 404.

Rollinson, R., Esq., 418 n.

Roman Catholics, in gen., 205, 241, 252, 306; Cath. Poor Schs. Cttee., 452; chaps. and chs., 183, 206, 418-19; char. for, 423, 439; Jesuits in Y., 419; Schs., 253, 288, 299, 442, 444, 446, 451, 455; seminary of, 530.

Roman York:
-, in gen.: the colonia, 2, 330-2; the fortress, 2-3, 324-30; antiquities of, collection of, 535.
-, building, statutes, &c.: altar to Fortune, 329; altar to Silvanus, 325; caldarium, 331; column base, 326; domus palatina, 2, 328; fountain, 331; Mithraeum, 331; statue of Britannia, 332; statue of harpy, 332; statue of Mars, 332; temple of Arimanes, 331; temple of Bellona, 2; temple of Hercules, 331; temple to Serapis, 329-31.
-, defences, &c.: bridge, 515; defensive towers, 324, 326, multangular, 328-9, 363; gates, 324, 326, 328-9, 513; walls of, 324-9, 342, 363-4, 510.
-, legions: Ninth, 2-3, 324-5; Sixth, 2-3, 325, 327, 329.
-, other remains: amphitheatre, 324; barracks, 326, 329; baths, 324, 329, 331; bone industry, 332; cemeteries, 325, 330; coins, 322, 334 n; pottery, 322, 324, 332; rds. to, 3, 330-1, 475, 513; streets in, 325-6, tessellated pavements, 331; water mains, 326, 331; wharfs, 331.

Rome, 49, 154.

Romeyn, Abp. John, 42, 48-49, 51, 337, 507; John, Treasurer of Y., 52, 337, 364.

Romsey (Hants), Abbey, 344.

Romund (fl. 12th cent.), 40; see also Alan.

Rooke, Thos., 292.

Roos, Rob., 388; Thos., 9th Baron, 65; Wm., 2nd Baron, 65, 123; fam. of, 66.

Roper, John, 429.

ropers, 87, 116, 179.

Rosary Terr., 287.

Roskilde (Kobenhavn), 14 n.

Rossfield, M. M., Esq., 419 n.

Rossini, operas of, 534.

Roston, Rob. de, 363; see also Royston.

Rotherham (W.R.), 120.

Roucliff, John de, 506.

Rouen (Seine-Maritime), 156; see also Violette.

Rougier St., 331, 425, 478.

Round Tower, see St. Mary's Abbey.

Routledge, Mary, 468.

Rowntree, B. S., 286-8, 298, 301-2; Hen., 225; Isaac, 541; Jos. I (d. 1859), 305; Jos. II (d. 1925), 275, 296-7; fam., 281, 287.

Rowntree & Co. Ltd., 274-5, 293, 301-2, 309, 466-7.

Rowntree Gardens, 309.

Rowntree Park, Baths, 467.

Roxburgh, 54.

Royal Agricultural Soc., show in Y., 276, 310.

Royal Commission on Historical Monuments (England), 330 n.

Royal Exchange Assurance Office, 465.

Royston (Roston), Roger de, 374.

Rufford, Wm., 74.

Rufforth (W.R.), 213, 430.

Rufus, Duccius, a legionary, 325.

rug-makers, see textiles.

Runcorn (Ches.), burh at, 11.

Rupert, Prince, 190.

Rusholme and Whitehead, Messrs., 541.

Russell, Ric., 78, 98, 103-5, 109, 111, 384.

Russia, 10, 335.

Rutland, Earls of, see Manners.

rye, see grain.

Rymer, Sir Jos. Sykes, 299, 439, 474, 546.

Ryther, Sir Rob., 524.

'S.S. Empire', see Opera House and Empire.

saddlers, see leather.

St. Aeldred's Rom. Cath. ch., 419.

St. Aeldred's Sch., 419, 451.

St. Alban's (Herts.), battle of, 59.

St. Andrew's Ch., Fishergate (in St. Andrew's Priory), 360, 366, 376.

St. Andrew's Hall (formerly St. Andrew's Ch. also called The Gospel Hall), 418, 448, 451, 454.

St. Andrew's Priory, 49, 51, 119, 132 n, 311, 360, 376.

St. Andrew's Ch., St. Andrewgate, 253, 365-7, 376-7, 384, 387, 401; par., 124, 157, 164, 428.

St. Andrewgate, 49, 52, 343, 365, 442, 456, 465-6, 471; Meth. Sunday Sch., 413; Spiritualist mtg. in, 417; Wes. Protestant Meth. mtg. in, 416; see also Ketmangergate.

St. Andrewgate, Little, 365 n.

St. Andrewgate Nat. Sch., 451.

St. Anne's Chap., 146, 150, 515, 518.

St. Anthony's Charity, 437-8.

St. Anthony's (St. Martin's) Guild, 111, 148 n, 402, 482.

St. Anthony's Hall, 107, 310, 434, 481, 482-3; as house of correction, 134, 161, 172, 228, 494; as manufactory (workhouse), 172, 219, 223, 482; as 'St. Anthony's Hospital', 132, 134, 229, 361, 434, 482; as theatre, 246; Borthwick Institute in, 483; chap. in, 158, 482; 'military' hosp. in, 482; schs. in, 158, 482, see also Blue Coat Sch., Grey Coat Sch.; wool mkt. in, 487; see also province and diocese (registry).

St. Anthony's Hosp. (formerly Chap)., Gillygate, 364.

St. Augustine, 3.

St. Barnabas's Ch., 385, 390-1, 415; par., 307, 368, sch., 390, 451.

St. Benet's Ch., 366, 377, 400.

St. Boniface, see Boniface.

'St. Brigit', supposed ch. of, 365 n, 381.

St. Catherine's Hosp., 132, 160, 229, 422, 437.

St. Chad, Bp., 5.

St. Chad's Ch., 367, 392; par., 368.

St. Christopher's Guild (later St. Christopher and St. George), 111, 147, 365, 483, 542; chap. of (Guildhall Chap.), 70, 483, 513, see also Cross Keys; clerk of, 147; maison dieu of, 483; masters of, see Dogeson (Wm.), Pulleyn (Ralph), Sympson, Thornton (Thos.); see also St. George's Guild.

St. Clement's Priory, 49, 132 n, 311, 316, 360, 490, 500; ch. (as par. ch.), 307, 366-7, 377, 391; meadows of, 313; mill of, 507; par. of, see Clementhorpe.

St. Clement's Ch. (1874), 391, 392, 449.

'St. Clement', Fossgate, supposed ch. of, 365 n.

St. Clement's Schs., 451-2.

St. Cnut, King of Denmark, 19.

St. Crux Ch., 22, 107, 121, 161, 306, 334, 365-7, 370, 371 n, 377-8, 486; guild of Crucifix in, 111; lectern of, 107; light in, 106 n; rector of, 361, see also Adam.
-, par., 89, 122 n, 162 n, 163-4, 213-15, 266, 361, 420, 447-8, 487; almshouse, 424; char., 427-8; par. room, 378; sch., 428.

St. Cuthbert, Bp. of Hexham, 5, 10-11.

St. Cuthbert's Ch., 111, 160, 365-7, 371, 378-9, 382, 394, 546, rector, 203; par., 155, 163-4, 202, 213, 303, 311, 313 n, 314, 372, 403, 437, char., 430.

St. Cuthbert's Rd., 406, 449.

St. Cuthbert's Sch., see Bilton St. Sch.

St. Denis (Paris-Seine), Abbey of, 8.

St. Denys's Ch., 87, 160-1, 201, 251, 366-7, 369, 379-80, 381-2, 386-7, 458; bedehouse of cordwainers attached to, 96; churchyard, 333; glass of, 107; rector, 203, 428, see also Alexander.
-, par., 45, 163-4, 202, 213, 424, 437, 445, 458; char., 430-1.

St. Denys and St. George Nat. Sch., 452.

St. Edward's Ch., 53, 366-7, 380, 385, 397; par., 311, 386.

St. Edward the Confessor, ch. of, 376; par., 368.

St. Edward's Nat. Sch., see Dringhouses Schs.

St. Evroul (Orne), Abbey of, 25.

St. George in Magno Vico (prob. = St. Gregory's), 382.

St. George's Chap. (later St. George's House or Jersey House), 81, 111, 134, 172, 220, 393, 483, 494, 508, 516; workhouse in, 172, 483.

St. George's Ch., 366-7, 379, 380-1, 382; par., 163, 202, 205, 278, 282.

St. George's Close, 207, 220, 245, 483.

St. George's Field, 89, 483, 490-1; baths, 467; fair, 491.

St. George's Guild, see St. Christopher and St. George.

St. George's Hall, ballroom and cinema, 417, 535.

St. George's Rom. Cath. Ch., 306, 419, 452.

St. George's Rom Cath. Schs. (St. Mary's Girls' Sch.), 410, 442, 452.

St. George's Wesleyan Chap., Millfield Lane 412.

St. George's Wesleyan Chap., Nicholas St., 412.

St. George's Wesleyan Chap., Walmgate, 410, 412, 452.

St. George's Wesleyan Sch., 410, 452.

St. Giles's Ch., 53, 366-7, 381, 394, 398; par., 214, 266, 311, 313 n, 31415, 399, char., 435; township, 413.

St. Gregory's Ch., 365-7, 381-2, 388; par., 66, 124, 311 n, 315; see also St. Martin's Ch. (Micklegate).

St. Helen-on-the-Walls, Aldwark, ch. of, 314, 366-7, 371, 378-9, 382, 387, 511 n; par. 124, 156, 164, 312, 372, 379.

St. Helen's Chap., 376.

St. Helen's (York Coll. for Girls), see Burton Grange.

St. Helen's Ch., Fishergate, 364, 366-7, 382-3, 385; par., 311-12, 314-15, 386.

St. Helen's Ch., Stonegate, 201-2, 213, 251 n, 304, 315, 366-7, 383-4, 387-8, 401, churchyard, 209, 496; par., 163-4, 214-15, 266, 315 n, 387, char., 421, 431-2, overseers, 226.

St. Helen's Sq., 211, 225, 328, 477, 536.

St. Helen's Hosp., 364.

St. Hilda's Ch., 367, 385, 392, 403; par., 368.

St. Hilda's Girls' Home (St. Hilda's Trust), 436, 459; see also Y. 'Girls' Industrial Sch.

St. Ives (Hunts.), fair at, 43.

St. James's Chap., 41, 62, 376, 498; fair near, 490.

St. Jerome, 9.

St. John of Beverley, Bp., 5, 42, 395; shrine of, 29.

St. John the Baptist, guild of, 96, 148 n, 423; see also Merchant Tailors.

St. John-del-Pyke, ch. of, 164, 339, 366-7, 372, 384, 389, 394, priest of, see Rob. (fl. 12th cent.); par., 124, 339, char., 430.

St. John's Ch., Hungate, 53, 366-7, 384, 387, 401; par., 311 n.

St. John's Ch., Ouse Bridge End, 307, 310, 366-7, 369, 375, 384-5, 387, 397, 399, 403, 516; par., 163-4, 213, 315, 365, 421, 446, char., 429.

St. John's Coll. (Y. and Ripon Diocesan Training Coll.), 342, 449, 452-3, 458.

'St. John's Hall' (prob. = St. George's House), 134.

St. John's Sch., 453.

St. Joseph's Rom. Cath. Chap., 419.

St. Lawrence, see Thos. of.

St. Lawrence's Ch., 53, 160, 251, 366-7, 369, 380, 382-3, 385-6, 387, 397, guilds in, 111, 148; par., 124, 164, 213, 278, 311-12, 314-16, 376, 403, 427, 431, 445, char., 431.

St. Lawrence's Schs., 453.

St. Leonard's Hosp., 23, 27, 37, 49, 51-52, 76, 81, 96, 132, 149, 311, 336, 357, 363-4, 368 n, 379, 386, 394, 496, 498-9, 508, 533, 535-6; chartulary, 518 n; gallows, 316, 497; liberty, 38-39, 68-69; master of, see Magnus; see also St. Leonard's Landing.

St. Leonard's Landing, 361, 363, 520.

St. Leonard's Leper Hosp., 365 n.

St. Leonard's Place, 329, 333, 335, 511, 533-4, 536; construction of, 264, 359, 364; corp. offices, 543; railway offices, 481; Sir Wm. Robinson's house, 230, 240, 363, 543.

St. Leonard's Tower, see Lendal Tower.

St. Loy's Hosp., 365.

St. Luke, the Apostle, relic of, 346.

St. Luke's Ch., 367, 385, 399; par., 368, char., 431.

St. Margaret's Ch., 53, 161, 251, 302-3, 366-7, 379, 386-7, 394, 399, 409; par., 89, 163-4, 213, 282, 425, 429, 437, 445, char., 430-1.

St. Margaret's Grammar Sch., 444, 453-4.

St. Margaret's Nat. Sch., 454.

St. Margaret's Terr., 454.

St. Martin's Guild, see St. Anthony's Guild.

St. Martin's Ch., Coney St., 107, 164, 201, 250, 251 n, 307-8, 365-7, 376, 382-5, 387-8, 394-5, 403, 487; churchyard, 426; priest of, see Ketel; vicar of, see Ludham, Semur.
-, par., 89, 121, 213-15, 266, 315, 420; char., 421, 431-2; churchwardens, 151.

St. Martin's Cottages, 426.

St. Martin's Ch., Micklegate (St. Martin-cum-Gregory), 107, 161, 201-2, 248, 251, 331, 366-7, 375, 382, 388-9; churchyard, 87, 221, butter market in, 487; rector of, see Birchall, Hartforthe, More (Hen.).
-, par., 46, 150, 163-4, 205, 213, 215, 227 n, 266, 311, 315, 421, 446; char., 429; workhouse, 220, 227 n.

St. Mary-ad-Valvas, ch. of, 338-9, 366, 384, 389; par., 339.

St. Mary and All Angels, see St. Peter (Met. Ch. of, St. Sepulchre's).

St. Mary Magdalen Chap., 362.

St. Mary Magdalen Hosp., 132, 364; well of, 315.

St. Marygate, see Marygate.

St. Mary's (the street), 444.

St. Mary's Abbey:
-, conventual buildings and site, 23, 51, 107, 207, 310, 357-9, 499, 535, 537; abbot's house, 52, 358, 529, see also King's Manor; gate, gatehouse and chap., 358-9; postern, 357-8; river (water) tower, 357-9, 514; Round Tower (St. Mary's Tower), 85, 189, 357-9; royal Chancery in, 55, 56 n; walls, 39, 51, 189, 357-8, 511, 514; 'watergate' of, 358.
-, abbots and obedientaries: abbot of, 64, 137, 145, see also Clement, Savary, Sever, Simon, Stephen, Warwick (Simon de); bursar, 69; refectorian, 402; sacrist, 398.
-, jurisdiction and property: common lands, 83, 85, 320, 498, see also below liberty; court and prison, 38, 358, 497; gallows, 315, 497-8; liberty, 38-39, 68-69, 311-14, 358, 499; mkts. and fairs, 68, 336, 490; mills (Abbey, Foss), 315-16, 474, 506-7, 509; patronage, 377, 396, 401, 403-4.
-, otherwise mentioned, 1, 28, 4950, 52, 117, 132, 311-12, 335-6, 363, 393, 395 n, 397-9, 402, 500.

St. Mary's Chap., in the Horsefair, 364.

St. Mary's Ch., Bishophill, Junior, 51, 202, 204, 313, 330-1, 333, 365-7, 369, 374, 389-91; churchyard, 360; tower of, 23, 333-4; vicarage garden of, 361; vicars of, see Mace (Hen. and Phineas).
-, par. 162 n, 164, 213-14, 266, 313, 315, 368, 391-2, 421, 424, 429, 432-3, 445-6; char., 433; sch., 433; workhouse, 227 n.

St. Mary's Ch., Bishophill, Senior, 150, 161, 163-4, 251 n, 304, 308, 313, 330, 334, 365-7, 375, 377, 383, 390, 391-2, 403; par., 66, 165, 213, 266, 311, 313-15, 368, 376, 390, 432, 446, par. house, 433, char., 433.

St. Mary's Ch., Castlegate, 37, 50, 107, 201, 251 n, 331, 333-4, 365-7, 369, 392-4, 396, 409, 412, cemetery, 362, rector, 144, 370, royal chancery in, 54-55; par., 124, 151, 163-5, 213-15, 311, 421, 424, 445, 528, char., 433-4, sch., 253, 433.

St. Mary's Ch., Layerthorpe, 53, 366-7, 371, 378-9, 387, 394; par., 311, 314, 379.

St. Mary's Ch., Walmgate, 53, 366-7, 386, 394; priests of, see Ernaldus, Thomas, Stephen (s. of Wal. s. of Faganulf), Walter (s. of Faganulf), William (the deacon).

St. Mary's Convent, see Bar Convent.

St. Mary's Court, 419.

St. Mary's Girls' Sch., see St. George's Schs.

St. Mary's Hosp. (Grange Hosp.), 467, 470.

St. Matthew, the Apostle, relics of, 346.

St. Maurice's Ch., 160, 366-7, 372, 381, 387, 394-5; par., 164, 213-14, 266, 311, 314-15, char., 430, windmill in, 395, workhouse, 227 n, 430.

St. Maurice's Rd. (Barkergate, Barker Hill), 48, 52, 85; Methodist mission, 413.

St. Michael-le-Belfrey, ch. of, 118, 158, 201, 248, 250-1, 311, 326, 339, 353, 365-7, 383, 387, 395-6, 404; churchyard, 339, 434, 484; Perpetual Curate (vicar) of, 206, see also Richardson (Wm.).
-, par., 89, 121, 122 n, 133, 155, 162 n, 164, 213-15, 266, 311 n, 313 n, 315 n, 339 n, 368, 399, 432; char., 434-5.

St. Michael-without-Walmgate Bar, ch. of, 366, 385, 397, 399; par., 386.

St. Michael's Ch., Spurriergate, 107, 111, 201, 251, 302, 366-7, 392-3, 396-7, 409, rector, 204, see also Langton (Wm.), Whitling; par., 89, 122, 163-4, 213, 266, 278, 311, 426, 445, char., 433-4.

St. Nicholas's Ch., see Holy Trinity (Micklegate).

St. Nicholas's Ch., Lawrence St., 160, 365-7, 380, 385, 397; par., 311-12, 314-16, 386, 475.

St. Nicholas's Hosp., 26, 52, 83, 132, 365, 397, 399, 499-500, 509-10; master of, 36; mills of, 316, 507; see also Ellen (Sister).

St. Ninian of Whithorn, 8.

St. Olave's Ch., 15, 23, 160, 202, 247, 251, 311, 358, 365-7, 381, 397-9; par., 162 n, 163-4, 173, 213, 266, 286, 311, 313, 315 n, 368, 396, 403, char., 435.

St. Olave's Sch., 454.

St. Oswald, Abp., 16, 19.

St. Oswald's Ch., Fulford, burial ground of, 466; par., 429.

St. Patrick's Sch., see St. Wilfrid's Sch.

St. Paul, the Apostle, relics of, 346.

St. Paul's Ch., 302-4, 390; par., 368, char., 435.

St. Paul's Foundry Sch., see St. Barnabas's Sch.

St. Paul's Nursery Sch., 454.

St. Paul's Primary Sch., 454.

St. Paul's Sq., 454.

St. Paul's Terr., 454.

St. Peter, the Apostle, relics of, 346.

St. Peter, Metropolitical Church of:
-, the minster, the building and its contents: altars, Paulinus, 356, St. Paul, 7; bells, 8, 337-8; chantries, 146, 347, 349, 377, Gray's, 146 n, 337, Ric. III's coll. of chantry priests, 347, see also below St. William's Coll.; chapels, All Saints (Duke of Wellington's Regt.), 356, Lady, 346, 354-6, St. George's (West Yorks. Regt.), 356, St. John's (K.O.Y.L.I.), 356, St. Michael, 352, St. Nicholas, 356, St. Stephen, 346, 356, St. William, 346-7, 349, Abp. Scrope, 58, 346, Virgin and St. John, 352, Zouche, 338, 347, 356; chapter house, 28, 56-57, 62, 143, 337-8; clerk of works, 374, accounts, 349, stoneyard, 341; clock, 485; construction and repair, 4-5, 22-24, 51, 97, 107, 247, 333, 336, 337-8, 345; fires in, 7, 18, 52, 260, 305, 332, 337-8, 353; Friends of York Minster, 356; furnishing, 200, 248, 332, 343-57; heating, 355; lighting, 355; loud speaker system, 356; monuments and tombs, 158, 200, Hen. VI, 345-6, 349-50, Jas. I, 350, Savage, 347, Saville, 248, Virgin and Child, 334; obits in, 346; paving, 348, 352; sanctuary in, 6, 18; stained glass, 107, 338, 385, 'Five Sisters' window, 48, 337, glovers and cordwainers windows, 96; treasure, relics and plate, 19, 343, 345-6, 349, 351.
-, the minster, services and worship: congregational behaviour in, 158-9, 252, 351-2; corporation in, mayor's pew, 96, 202-3, 250, 350-1, 371; royal visits, 28, 56, 62, 348, 350-1; St. William's Day in, 377; services and worship, 58, 63, 142, 146, 151, 183, 190, 203, 250, 302-5, 307, 343-57, service books, 343, 347, York Use, 156, 344, 347-9.
-, the minster, music: in gen., 343, 345, 347, 348-9, 351-2, 354, 357; choir (lay clerks, songmen, boys), 345, 348, 350-1, 354-5, 357; organ and organist, 345, 348-51, 353, 355, see also Bairstow, Camidge (John, fl. 1756, John, fl. 1842, Matthew and Thos. Simpson), Elway, Jackson (Francis), John, Monk, Murgatroyd, Nares, Noble (Thos. Tertius), Wanless.
-, the minster, precincts: in gen., 51, 69, 133, 156, 200, 207, 339-43; city wall round, 512; gates, 339, 496; for institutions within the precincts see below and see also Ingram (Sir Arthur), Minster Yard, province and diocese (abp.'s palace).
-, clergy: in gen., 7, 17, 22-23, 156, 202-3, 250-1, 440; Presbyterian ministers, 351, see also Bowles; residence, 344-5, 348, 352, 357, houses for (Old Residence, New Residence), 208, 260, 339, 341-2, 352, 357, 472, see also below prebends.
-, clergy: chancellor, 136, 202, 344, 351, see also Melton; sub-chancellor, 344.
-, clergy: dean, 27, 36, 134, 155, 205, 344, 348, 441, see also Andrew, Bate, Cockburn, Duncombe, Finch (Hen.), Ford, Fountain, Gale (Thos.), Higdon, Hutton (Mat.), Layton, Markham (Geo.), Marsh, Meriton, Milner-White, Norris, Osbaldiston, Pickering (Rob.), Purey-Cust; deaneries (Old and New), 21, 51, 187, 260, 339-40, 341; sub-dean, 344, see also Watson (John); see also Dean's Park.
-, clergy: precentor, 203, 205, 344-5, 350, 354, 459, see also Comber, Hooke, Mason (Wm.), Rokeby (John), Sterne (Jacques); house of, 194.
-, clergy: treasurer, 342, 344, 349, 357, 384, see also Colyns, FitzUrse, Langton (Rob.), Romeyn; Treasurer's House (now, in part, Gray's Court, q.v.), 145, 161, 242, 326, 342; sub-treasurer, see Ludham.
-, other clergy: abbas or vicedominus, see Aldsige; boy bishops, 345; chamberlains, 349, 357; deacons, 344, 352, see also Houseman; thurifers, 344, 348; see also below vicars choral, St. Sepulchre's Coll., St. William's Coll.
-, Dean and Chapter, institutional hist.: (as the Church of York), 3-5, 16, (as the chapter), 20, 22-23, 148-9, 190, 203-5, 248, 250, 303, 344-5, 348-53, 357; officers, clerk, 342, registrar, 342; patronage (churches), 118, 369, 376, 382, 384-5, 387, 389, 394, 395, 403; properties (land, &c.), 49-50, 87, 361 n, 498, (profits of fair), 490, (pensions paid to), 373, 384-5, 387, 393, 395, 403, (chantries), 371, 392, (tithe), 391; statutes of, injunctions to, 344, 348-9.
-, Dean and Chapter, Liberty: in gen., 21, 23, 38-39, 64, 69, 136, 174, 182, 185, 195, 202-3, 214, 216, 226, 265, 311, 314, 319-20, 339-40, 496; court, 38, 68, 496; gallows, 498; officers, 203, coroners, 38, magistrates, 352, steward, 69; prison (Peter Prison, 'Seyntepetreprisons'), 339, 440, 496-7.
-, Dean and Chapter, library: in gen., 7, 16-17, 200, 338, 341, 535, 536-7; keeper of, 350; chapter muniments, 338, 537; MS. of Y. Gospels, 5, 16-17, 334.
-, Dean and Chapter, prebends: in gen., 22, 353; Ampleforth, 398, Barnby, 339, Bole, 150 n, Dunnington, 339, Fenton, 339, 394-5, Fridaythorpe, 312, 382, 394, 498 n, 500, 509-10, Osbaldwick, 320, 391, 496, Salton, 339, 343, Strensall, 395, 398, Wetwang, 387, Wistow, 235; prebendaries, see Arden, Bunny, Clayborough, Cottesford, Downes, Drury, Langdale, Lowe, Ludham, Marshall (Dr. Cuthbert), Nowell, Palmes (Dr. Geo.), Pursglove, Seaton, Taylor (Wm.), Thornborough, Tupper-Carey, Turner (Wm.), Walker (Peter), Watson (Rob.), Williams (Hen.), Wilson (Miles and Thos.); houses of, 21, 38, 55, 69, 107, 235, 339, 344, 348, 352.
-, Dean and Chapter, schools: School of York (i.e. the cathedral sch. in the 8th cent.), 6-9; St. Peter's Sch. (i.e. the re-founded sch. from 1557), 132, 148, 158, 199, 253, 260, 340-1, 364, 377, 385, 420, 454, 459, headmaster, 342; choir sch. (Song Sch.), 340-1, 459, 535, 537, headmaster, 357.
-, College of Vicars Choral, The Bedern: institutional hist., 146, 342, 346-8, 353-4, 357, patronage, 377, 400-1, property, 37 n, 49-50, 83, 85, 87, 314, 350, mill of, 507; vicars, 146, 206, 344-5, 351-2, 374, see also Iveson, Lancaster (Wal.), Langetoft, Mace (Thos. fl. 1660), Richardson (Wm.), Spence (Horace); canons' succentor, 345, 347, 350; vicars' succentor (subchanter), 146, 345, 348-51, 357, 401; The Bedern, 69, 342-3, chap., 356, gallery from, 339.
-, St. Sepulchre's Collegiate Chapel (St. Mary and All Angels): in gen., 51, 117, 147, 338-9, 344, 347, 408, 436; Master of, see Magnus; prison in, 338, 497.
-, St. William's College: the coll., 146-7, 347; the building, 107, 339, 343, press in, 187.

'St. Peter' pence, 335; as payment, 394.

St. Peter's Hosp., see St. Leonard's Hosp.

St. Peter's Sch., see St. Peter (Met. Ch. of).

St. Peter-the-Little, ch. of, 366-7, 370, 400; par., 164-5, char., 427-8, sch., 428.

St. Peter-le-Willows, ch. of, 366-7, 379, 386, 397, 399-400, churchyard, 85; par., 164, 282, 445, char., 430-1.

St. Philip and St. James, ch. of, 303, 396, 399, 445; par., 368, char., 429.

St. Sampson's Ch., 160, 201, 251 n, 302, 366-7, 373-4, 377, 383, 400-1, 488, vicar of, 421; par., 164, 213, 303, 416, char., 435-6.

St. Sampson's Sch., 454.

St. Sampson's Sq. (Thursday Market: as a place), 89, 111, 211, 326, 329, 413; see also Thursday Market.

St. Saviour's Ch., 107, 201, 248, 251 n, 302, 304, 307, 361, 366-7, 370, 371 n, 377, 384-5, 401-3, 408-9, 517; chantry priest of, 382; rector of, see Spirydene.
-, par., 66, 163-5, 213-14, 306-7, 311, 313 n, 361, 368; char., 427-8; char. sch., 253.

St. Saviour's Court (Whiteley's Court), 417.

St. Saviour's Nat. Sch., 451, 454-5.

St. Saviourgate, 46, 48, 70, 85, 134, 208-9, 307, 404, 409, 425, 443, 448, 457, 467, 513, 536; Lecture Hall, 416; United Meth. in, 416.

St. Saviourgate British Sch., see Bishophill British Sch.

St. Saviourgate Chap. (Lady Hewley's), 160, 252, 305, 403, 404-5, 408, 439; see also Cappe (Newcome), Wellbeloved.

St. Saviourgate Mtg. (Mission) Room, see Salem Chap. Sch.

St. Sepulchre's Coll. Chap., see St. Peter (Met. Ch. of).

St. Stephen's Ch., Acomb, 367, 441.

St. Stephen's Ch., Fishergate, 366, 403.

St. Thomas's Ch., 302-4, 306, 399; par., 368, char., 436.

St. Thomas's Field Naturalists Scientific Soc., 289.

St. Thomas's Hosp., 132, 134, 147, 152, 172, 185, 229, 233 n, 361, 376 n, 422, 424, 435, 437, 482.

St. Thomas's Sch., 455.

St. Wilfrid, Bp., 5, 7, 332, 337, 343 n.

St. Wilfrid's Ch., 366-7, 395, 403-4, 419, 434, rector, see Hemingborough; par., 164, 214, 311, 315 n, 396, 421, 432, char., 434.

St. Wilfrid's Rom. Cath. Ch., 306, 364, 418, 419; par., 439.

St. Wilfrid's Schs., 253, 455.

St. William, Abp. (Wm. Fitzherbert), 26, 32, 41, 346, 515.

St. William's Chap., 51, 96, 110, 117, 150, 158, 365, 402, 492, 515-16, 517-18; sch. in, 158, 516.

St. William's Coll., see St. Peter (Met. Ch. of).

St. Willibrord, 8.

St. Wulstan's Mission Chap., 403.

Saire, Eliz., 432.

Salem Chap., 305-6, 334, 407, 418, 455.

Salem Day Sch., 418, 455.

Salisbury, Earls of, see Cecil (Rob.), Neville (Ric.).

Salisbury (Wilts.), 85; bp. of, see William of Y.; castle, 524; cathedral ch., 22 n, Use of, 348.

Salisbury Rd., 415; baths, 467.

Sallay, Rob., 86.

Sallay (Saule), Rob. de, 397.

Sallay Abbey, see Sawley.

Salmond, Wm., 535; —, 445.

salt, 42, 98, 105, 131; dealers, 223-4; market, 485; salters, 100, 114; trade, 224.

Salthole Grese (later the Grecian steps), 515.

Salvation Army, 306, 381, 411, 417, 439.

Salvayn, fam., 371, 382.

Salvin, fam., of Harswell, 109.

Samarkand (Uzbek, S.S.R.), coins from, 335.

Sampson, Alan, 30; Sir John, 30, 34, 45, 113.

Sampton, see Santon.

Samuel, a Jew (partner of Benedict), 47.

Samuel, of Y., a Jew, 47.

Sanctuary Chap. (Front St. Prim. Meth. Chap.), 412 n, 415.

Sandal (W.R.), 59.

Sandall, Edw., 150.

Sandburn Cross, 316, 501.

Sandemanians, 416.

Sanders, John, 541.

Sanderson's Temperance Hotel, see Victoria Hall.

Sandringham (Norf.), royal house at, 273.

Sands, Miss M. E., 166 n, 167 n, 179 n, 217 n, 218 n.

Sandys, Abp. Edwin, 151-3, 156.

sanitation, sewerage, refuse disposal, 107-8, 119, 162, 178, 210-11, 276-8, 281-5, 291, 298, 461, 464-5.

Santon (Sampton), John, 110; Wm., 383.

Sardinia, see Fortunata.

Saule, see Sallay.

Savage, Sir John, 65; Rob., 70, 79, 102, 109; Abp. Thos., 347; Wm., 109.

Savary, Abbot of St. Mary's, 365.

Savile, Ann, 432; Sir Geo., Marquis of Halifax, 193, 364; Sir Geo. (d. 1784), 243, 248; Sir Hen., 364; Sir Thos., 186.

Saville, Eliz., 433.

Sawley (W.R.), Abbey of, 49.

Sawney, Rog., 430.

Scala Cinema (Electric), 535.

Scarborough (N.R.), 35, 432, 477-8; castle, 63, 522; Gainsborough House in, 471-2; Meth. Circuit in, 409; theatre in, 534 n; Throxenby Hall near, 472; Turnpike to, 476.

Scarborough Bridge, 481.

Scarcroft, 314, 501; mill in, 507.

Scarcroft Schs., 442, 450, 455.

Scarcroft Ward, 321.

Scholfield, Thos., 434.

School of Art (School of Design), 275, 341, 359, 455-6, 457, 459, 537.

School of York, see St. Peter (Met. Ch. of).

schools, 440-60, see also under the names of the schs.; for schs. other than those listed in these pages, see Adult Schs., All Saints, North St., par., All Saints, Pavement, par., Bishophill, King's Manor, Knitting Sch., St. Anthony's Hall, St. Crux, par., St. Mary, Bishophill, Junior, par., St. Mary, Castlegate, par., St. Peter-the-Little, par., St. Saviour, par., St. William's Chap., Thursday Market; see also education.
-, schoolmasters, 199, 204; see also Fletcher (John), Grafton (Thos.), Morris, Pinke, Stockdale (—).

Scoreby, Hen., 70-71, 101, 112.

Scoreby (in Gate Helmsley, N.R.), 45.

Scotland, ambassadors from, 64; hostages from, 523; immigrants from, 108; invasion from and wars against, 25, 28, 35, 40, 54-56, 59-61, 64, 84, 87, 100, 140-1, 186, 489, 522, 528; kings of, see Alex. II, Alex. III, Balliol, Constantine, David I, Jas. IV, Malcolm II, Rob. I, Wm. the Lion; trade with, 42, 103, 222; otherwise mentioned, 18, 58, see also Skotland.

Scott, Jas., Duke of Monmouth, 176; Col. John, 192; Sarah, 437; Sir Wal., the novelist, 513, 534 n; Zachariah, 437-8; —, 396.

Scrayingham (E.R.), 375, 393.

scriveners, 86, 116; illuminers, 116; text-writers, 127.

Scrope, Sir Geof. le, 87; Sir Hen. le, 87; John, 5th Baron Bolton, 63; John, 4th Baron Masham, 59, 87; Abp. Ric., 58, 64-65, 346; Sir Steph. le, 102; fam., of Bolton, 111, 391; fam., of Masham, 111, 346, 388.

Scruton, Jane, 431.

Scula (fl. 11th cent.), 336.

seals, see corp. (ceremonial).

Seaton, John, 149 n.

Sedgewicke, Rob., 151.

See of York, see province and diocese.

Seizevaux, Hen. de, 46; Nic. de, and his w. Elena, 74, 387-8; —, 431.

Selby, Hawisia, see Mowbray; Hugh (fl. 13th cent.), 33-34, 37, 42, 45-46; Hugh (fl. 14th cent.), 46; John, 30, 34, 46, 51; Nic. (fl. 13th cent.), 34, 46; Nic. (d. before 1339), 395; Nic., canon of Y., Archdeacon of Wilts., 53; Rob., 45-46; Rog., 80; Wm. (fl. 12th cent.), 42, 45-46; Wm. (fl. 14th cent.), 70, 82, 112; Wm. (d. before 1339), 395; fam., 46, 71.

Selby (W.R.), 43, 98, 120, 404, 474, 477; Abbey of, 42, 49; battle of, 189; bridge at, 224; Friends Mtg., 405; rd. to, 475.

sempstresses, see clothing.

Semur, Rob., 388.

serge maker, see textiles.

serjeanties, see castle (defence, gate), Lardiner.

servants, domestic, 110, 132, 163, 258-9; Faithful Female Servants Soc., 436.

Sessions, W. K., 438.

Settle (W.R.), 242.

Settlement, The, see Y. Educational Settlement.

Settrington, John of, 40, 400; Steph. de, 400.

Sevenhous, John de, 389.

Sever, Abbot Wm., 118, 529.

Severn, Riv., 322.

Severus, L., Septimius, Emp., 2, 3, 326, 328, 330.

Severus, Attius (a centurion), 329.

Severus Hill, 461.

Sewerby (E.R.), 15 n.

Sexdecim Vallibus, see Seizevaux.

Seymour, Edw., Duke of Somerset, Protector, 135, 342.

Shaftesbury, Earls of, see Cooper (Ant. Ashley).

Shakespeare, Wm., plays of, 533.

Shambles, The (Haymongergate), 2122, 41, 50, 85, 89, 118-19, 283, 373, 484, 487.

Shambles, Little, 365, 481.

Sharp, Cath., 432; W. R., 532.

Sharpe, Abp. John, 250, 253 n; his w., 447.

Shaw, John, 201-2; Geo. Bernard, the playwright, 534 n; Pat., 307; Ric., 435; W. H., 293; Wm., 434.

shearmen, see textiles.

sheathers, see leather.

sheep, 41, 52, 77, 260, 294, 499; fairs, 490-1.

Sheffield, Edm., 1st Earl of Mulgrave, 197, 201, 529-30; Rob., 85.

Sheffield (W.R.), 279, 303, 477, 533; infirmary, 532; schs., 288.

Sheridan, Ric. Brinsley, plays of, 533.

Sheriffs, see corp., Yorkshire.

Shields, South (Co. Dur.), 477.

Shilletoe, Edw., 432.

ships (boats, barges, balingers), built in Y., 35, 56-57, 89, 169, 224, city barge, 80; provided by and available in Y., 20, 28, 42-43, 59, 128-31, 168; shipmen (keelmen, mariners), 100, 114, 129, 167, 219, 221, 225; shipwrights, 116, 258, see also Cornyssh.

Shipton (E.R.), 425.

Shipton St., 425; mission room in, 399.

Shipton St. Schs., 444, 447, 456.

Shirburn, John, 70-71.

'shires', of Y., 19-20, 22, 484.

Shirwood, John, Bp. of Durham, 75; John, city clerk, 75; Ric., 75.

shock absorbers, see Armstrong Patents Co. Ltd.

shoes and shoemakers, see cordwainers.

Shrewsbury, Earls of, see Talbot.

Shrewsbury, 257, 262 n, see also Colle; battle of, 58.

Shupton, John de, 385.

Siddons, Mrs., the actress, 534.

Sidney, Phil. Francis, 540.

Siefred (? = Cnut), 335.

sieges, of Y., in 927, 11; in 1216, 27; in 1489, 64; in 1644, 160, 189-90, 351, 385, 397, 398-9, 512, 514, 519, 525, 530.

Sigeferth, see Siefred.

Sigismund, Emp., 546.

Sigvoror, see Siward.

Sihtric, Norse king of Y., 11; coin of, 10.

silk, see textiles.

Sill, —, 430.

silver, see metal.

Silver St., fish mkt., 488; police stn., 466.

Simnel, Lambert, 63-64.

Simon, Abbot, see Warwick.

Simplex, Felicius, a centurion, 329.

Simpson, Green, 422, 424, 437; Jas., 410; Sir John, 269; Steph., 419; Wm., 443.

'Sir Joseph', the, Ouse Navigation 'eroder', 474.

Sisters of the Church, community of, 444, 453.

Siward (Sigvoror), Earl of Northumbria, 15, 18, 397; palace of, 335.

Siward Mill Hill, 507.

Siward's How (in Heslington, E.R.), 15 n.

Sixth Ave., 456.

Skaife, R. H., 546.

Skallagrimsson, see Egil.

Skeldergate, 49, 111, 189, 208-9, 336, 409-10, 424, 427, 477, 514, 541; flour warehouse in, 225; mission room, 410, 418; timber yard in, 391; woolen manufactory, 219.

Skeldergate Bridge, 277, 284, 520.

Skeldergate Postern, 58, 85, 160, 162, 316, 433, 490, 511-12, 514, 520.

Skelton (N.R.), 476; rly. bridge, 319.

skins, see leather.

Skipton (W.R.), 64, 139.

Skipwith, Edw., 360.

Skipwith (E.R.), 425.

Skirpenbeck (E.R.), 370.

Skirpendale (E.R.), 427.

Skotland, John de, 41.

Slaton, Thos., 408.

slaughterhouse, see abattoir.

Sledmere (E.R.), 113.

Sligo (Eire), 282.

Slingsby, Sir Hen., 197; fam., 180.

Slingsby Grove, 413.

'Slop', 'Dr.', see Burton (Dr. John).

Smallpox Hosp., see Bungalow.

Smeaton, John, the engineer, 460-1.

Smirke, Sir Rob., 353.

Smith, Abraham, 429; Ann, 422; Dan., 466; Eliz., 485; J. D., 468; John, 139; Ric., 405.

smiths, see metal.

smoke, pollution, control of, 298.

Smurthwaite, John, 434.

Smyth, J. G., 291; Thos., and his w. Kath., 388; —, 431.

Snaith (W.R.), 120.

Snarr's Buildings, 282.

Sneborn (fl. 11th cent.), 336.

Snow, Ric., 219.

soap, trade in, 82, 103, 131; soapboilers, 167, 186.

Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, 286.

solicitors, see lawyers.

Solway Firth, 324.

Somerset, Dukes of, see Seymour.

Song Sch., see St. Peter (Met. Ch. of).

Sonulf the Priest, 22.

Sound, The (Denmark), 103, 131.

South Bank, 478; Friends' mtg., 406.

South Bank Ave., 392, 449.

South Bank Temporary Sch., see Knavesmire Schs.

South Durham and Cleveland Mercury , 539.

South Esplanade, 514.

Southampton (Hants), 57.

Southlands Chap., 412, 507.

Southlands Rd., 450.

'Southumberland', 25.

Southwell (Notts.), Minster, White Book of, 20; prebendary of, 156.

Southwold (Suff.), 108.

Sowray, Ric., and his w. Abigail, 525; Ric., jr., 525.

Spain, kings of, see Phil. II; doctor from, 108; iron from, 102, 105; wine from, 99.

Specer, John le, I, 30, 34, 46; John le, II, 34.

Speculation St. Sch., 456.

Spen Lane, 47, 363; Spiritualist Mtg., 417; see also Wastrel Sch.

Spence, Geo., 428; Horace, 356-7; John, 538.

spinners, see textiles.

Spinning Sch., 220, 456.

Spiritual Temple of the Holy Cross, 417.

Spiritualists, 417.

Spiritualists' National Union Ch., 417.

Spirydene (Spyreden), Adam de, 402.

Spofford, Thos., Bp. of Hereford, 147.

Spooner, Ann, 428.

sports and pastimes, archery, 158; bear-baiting, 158; bowling, 246, 288, 302; bull-baiting, 158, bull ring, 487; cock-fighting, 158, 246, throwing at cocks, 246, cockpit, 125, 267; cricket, 302; cycling, 288; dancing, 199, dancing masters, 167, 532; football, 287-8, 302, Y. and District Football Assoc. and League, 288; gambling, 158, 246, 252; hockey, 302; playing fields, 437; riding sch., 341, 486; swimming, 288, 437, Yearsley Amateur Swimming Club, 437, Y. Police Swimming Club, 437, Y. Amateur Swimming or Humane Soc., 437; tennis, 302.

Spurriergate, 331, 408, 462-3, 539; improvement of, 265, 277, 308, 397.

spurriers, see metal.

Spyreden, see Spirydene.

Squire, Jane, 342; Mary, 428; Rob., 342.

Stafford, Hen., 2nd Duke of Buckingham, 62.

stainers, see building.

Stainforth, Wm., 216.

Stainmore (N.R.), battle of, 13.

Stainton, Jane, 422, 427-8, 430.

staiths, 97, 99, 161, 174, 178, 185, 223-4; see also butter, King's, Lendal, New, Queen's, Topham's.

Stamford (Lincs.), 20.

Stamford Bridge (E.R.), battle of, 16; rd. to, 475.

Stamford St., 406.

Standard, Battle of the, 26.

Stanhope, Sir Edw., 157; Maud, m. (2) Thos. Neville, 59; Sir Mic., 135, 147-8.

Stanley, Sir John, 58.

Stanwick (N.R.), 322.

Staples, Alex., 538.

Stapleton (W.R.), 112.

Station Ave. (Thief Lane), 480.

Station Rd. (Thief Lane), 480; burial ground, 467.

stationers, 116, 156, 167; see also Gachet.

statutes, relating specifically to the city: Fishgarths, 1530, 128; Chantries and Fee Farm, 1536, 123; Coverlets, 1543, 126; Union of Parishes, 1547, 117, 366-7, 378, 380, 382; Ouse Improvement, 1657, 169; Butter, 1722, 220-1, 487; Ouse Navig., 1727, 196, 472-4; Ouse Navig., 1732, 473; Improvement, 1763, 208-9, 247, 319 n, 464, 477; Improvement of Ouse, 1763, 319; Foss Navig., 1793, 475, 519; Foss Navig., 1801, 475; Bridges, 1809, 517, 519; Ouse Bridge, 1810, 517; Minster Precincts, 1814, 339, 341 n; Ouse Bridge, 1815, 517-18; Gas, 1823, 461; Improvement (City Commissioners), 1825, 264, 281, 319 n, 339-40; Boundaries, 1832, 314; Markets, 1833, 265, 484, 488; Gas, 1844, 462; Waterworks, 1846, 461; Lendal Bridge, 1847, 520; Foss Drainage, 1853, 283, 475, 510; Lendal Bridge, 1859, 532; Foss Navig., 1859, 475; Lendal Bridge, 1860, 520; Skeldergate Bridge, 1875, 520; Gas, 1878, 462; Boundaries, 1884, 286, 321, 465-6, 484; Extension, 1893, 321; Improvement, 1902, 298-9; Micklegate Strays, 1907, 505; Charities, 1956, 421, 439.

Staveley, Baron, see Frescheville.

stay makers, see clothing.

'Staynebow', 431.

steel, see metal.

'Steingate', see Stonegate.

Stephen, King, 25-26, 29, 376-7, 400, 494.

Stephen, Abbot of St. Mary's, 365.

Stephen, s. of Walter, s. of Faganulf, 394.

Stephen, a monk of Whitby, 397.

Stephens, Dr., see Thomason.

Stephenson, Geo., 429.

Sterne, Jacques, 243, 248-9; Laurence, the novelist, 248-9, 376; Ric., 437-8; Abp. Ric., 351.

Sterre (fl. 1086), 22.

Steward, E., 272; Geo., 272.

Stillington Mill, 475.

Stirling, castle of, garrison, 54.

Stock, John, 151.

Stockdale, John, 70, 95; —, 134 n.

stocks (instrument of punishment), 70, 76, 108, 134 n, 185, 252.

Stockton, Geo., 428.

Stockton Moor, 500-1.

Stockton-on-the-Forest (N.R.), 316, 475, 499.

Stockton Rd., 316.

Stodhart, Thos., 408.

stone, see building.

Stone Wall Close, 360.

Stonebow, The, 308, 361, 371; see also 'Staynebow'.

Stonebow Lane, 361-2, 365.

Stonegate, 21, 32, 49-50, 112, 118, 200, 211, 326, 336, 339, 383, 438, 461, 534 n, 538, 540; early stone house in, 51; law libr. in, 536; medical libr. in, 536.

Stonegate, Little, 414, 418, 540.

Stonegate Landing, 361.

Storey, Ric., 540; Thos., 540-1.

Stourbridge (Worcs.), 120.

Stowe-on-the-Wold (Gloucs.), 228.

Strafford, Earl of, see Wentworth.

Straker, John, 423, 428.

Strangways, fam., 388.

Strathearn, Malise, 7th Earl of, 523.

strays, see common lands.

streets, cleaning, 77, 82, 107-8, 119, 162, 182-3, 232, 265, 463-4; lighting, 119, 162, 212, 227, 232, 265, 276, 461-2, 463-4; repair and improvement, 52, 77, 178, 182, 185, 208-11, 232, 234, 237, 244, 260, 263, 265, 276-8, 281, 283, 298, 463-4, 486; traffic congestion in, 309.

Strensall (N.R.), 271, 370, 475.

Strickland, —, 141; fam., 180.

Stubbs, Thos., the chronicler, 346.

Stuteville, Rob. de, II, 29.

Subscription Library, see Library (Subscription).

Suffolk, Earls of, see Howard.

Sugar, Eliz., 430; Martha, 430.

Sugar House, see Friargate Postern.

Sugden, Thos., 433.

Sun Fire Office, 465.

Sunday Sch. Cttee., see Y. Sunday Sch. Cttee.

Super, Aurelius, a centurion, 329.

surgeons, see physicians.

Surrey, Earls of, see Howard, Warenne.

Sussex, Earls of, see Radcliffe.

Sutton, Hugh de, 381-2; Nic. de, 381.

Sutton-on-the-Forest (N.R.), 248.

Sutton upon Derwent (E.R.), 98, 109.

Swaledale, 55.

Swanland, Nic., 399.

Swanne, Rog., 76.

Swartcol (fl. 10th cent.), 336.

Swedenborgians, 417-18.

Swein Estrithson, King of Denmark, 19.

Swein Forkbeard, King of the Danes, 14, 15.

Swetemouth, Rob., 400; Wm., 400.

Swift, Bertha, 426, 430; H. L., 403.

Swinburne, Hen., 157.

Swine (E.R.), 180.

Swinefleet (W.R.), 71.

Swinegate, 377, 454; Central Mission in, 418; Sandemanian mtg. place, 416; Swine mkt. in, 489; see also 'Benet Place'.

Sycamore Terr., 332.

Sykes, John, 427, 431.

Sylvius, Aeneas, traveller, 107.

Symeon of Durham, 6, 7, 11, 333.

Sympson, Ralph, 147.

Tacitus, C. Cornelius, the historian, 324.

Tadcaster (W.R.), 62, 150, 241, 370, 427-8; Friends Mtg., 405; Meth. Circuit, 409; stone from, 97, 516, 543, see also Thevesdale.

Tadcaster Bridge, 196, 318-19.

Tadcaster Rd., 189, 287, 314, 316, 376, 413, 446, 475; Turnpike, 475-6.

Tadcaster Rural District, 461.

tailors, see clothing, Merchant Tailors.

Talbot, Francis, 5th Earl of Shrewsbury, 119, 129, 136, 141; John, 1st Earl of Shrewsbury, 59; fam., Earls of Shrewsbury, 358 n.

Talbot Inn, 198.

Talkan, John, 91, 110; Ric., 388; Rob., 105; —, 431.

tallow-chandlers, 166; guild, 169, 247.

Tancred, Sarah, 426; fam., 180.

Tanfield, East (N.R.), 112.

Tang Hall, city lands and pasture, 138, 174 n, 184, 230, 232, 234-5, 263; see also Tang Hall Fields.

Tang Hall Bridge (Thief Bridge), 316.

Tang Hall Fields, 312, 314, 316, 498 n, 500-1.

Tang Hall Green, 316.

Tang Hall Housing Estate, 297-8, 308, 412, 419.

Tang Hall Lane, 311, 507.

Tang Hall Schs., 444, 449, 456.

Tankerder, fam., 388.

Tanner Row, 331, 362 n, 425, 427, 480.

Tanners' Moat, 427, 511.

tanning, see leather.

tapiters, see textiles.

tar, see building.

Tashkent (Kazak, S.S.R.), coins from, 335.

Taunton, Ric. of, 347.

taxation:
-, taxes: aulnage, 88, 125, seal for, 70; benevolences (penalties), 26-27, 58; on dogs, 227; geld, 19; hearth tax, 162, 180, 195, 212; house tax, 212; of Jews, 48; loans, 57, 59, 67; murage, 39-40, 68, 73, 511; poll taxes, 66-67, 84-85, 313; pontage, 515, 518; ship money, 174, 186, 195-6, 198; subsidies and fractional taxes, 57, 66-67, 84, 109-10, 121, 124, 132 n, 195, 365; tallages, 26, 31, 35-36, 39, 44-45, 47-48, 66-69, 88, 319; window tax, 214, 244; wool tax, 66-67, 98, 101; see also corp. (farm).
-, tax administration: association for avoidance of, 80; collection, 80, 124, 182, 190, 320; disputes, 39, 196; remission, 61, 122-3, 226, 511; see also tolls.

Taylor, And., 404; Ann, 435-6; Edw., 411-12, 537; Eliza Marg., 425; Eliz., 440; John, 405; Dr. John, 291; Mic., 248; Nat., 388; Wm., 149 n.

Teasdale, Reg., 546.

Technical Coll., 444, 453, 456, 457; see also Mechanics' Inst.

telephones, new exchange, 308.

Telford, Thos., the engineer, 473, 477.

temperance, movement in 19th cent., 288; Temperance Soc., 306.

Temperance Lecture Hall, see Victoria Hall.

Tempest Anderson Hall, 535.

Temple Newsam (W.R.), 341, 424.

tenures, burgage, 32, 37, 76, 313-14; haimald, 37, 314; husgable, 20, 31, 35, 37-38, 72, 314.

Terry, Sir Jos., 427, Memorial Homes of, 427, 437; Reuben, 532.

Terry & Sons Ltd., 225, 272-4.

Tesh, Wm., 433.

Tesshe, Anne, 153; Edw., 153.

Tettenhall (Staffs.), battle of, 11.

Tewkesbury (Gloucs.), battle of, 61.

textiles:
-, cloth ind. in gen., 43-44, 84, 86-90, 125-7, 166-8, 215, 218, 262, 274; in manufactories (i.e. workhouses), 134, 171-2, 215, 219-20, 227.
-, cloth workers: carders, 125, cardmakers, 90, 95, 115; comb-smiths, 115; dyers, 42-44, 71, 88-89, 114, 127, 179, 220, 258; fullers, 43, 77, 87-89, 91, 114, 127; furbours, 115; shearmen, 44, 87-89, 91, 93, 114; spinners, 125, 172, 215; weavers, 43-44, 83, 87-90, 94-96, 110, 114, 120, 125-7, 219-20, 258, see also Lupton (John), Robinson (Wm., fl. 15th cent.), Wyndowes; weavers' guild (company), 44, 88-89, 92, 96, 126-7, 220; see also dyestuffs, flax, wool.
-, linen: fair, 260, 490; manuf., 172, 257, 262, 272-3, see also Hebden (Wm.); mkt., 485-6; trade, 98, 102, 125, 134, 476, linen-drapers, 114, 259; weavers, 89, 93, 114, 127, 167, 220, 258, guild, 126, 218; yarn spinning, 262 n, 508; see also flax.
-, other textiles and textile workers: arrasmakers, 114; buckram, 102; candlewick, 215, 220; canvas, 82, 87, 100, 103, 105; carpets, 126, carpet-makers, 220; chaloners, 43, 114; cotton, 219-20; coverlets, 126, coverlet-weavers, 88, 114, 126; damask-maker, 220; dubbers, 114; felters, 43, 127, guild, 127; framework knitter, 215; fustian, 102, 134 n, fustian-weavers (fusters), 115, 127, 220; hairsters, 116; mattress-makers, 99; plush-weavers, 215; rug-makers, 167; serge-maker, 172; silk manufacture, 220, weavers, 127, 179, guild, 169; tapiters, 88-89, 93-94, 114, 126-7; thread, 105, thread-throwster, 220; velvet weaver, 220; worsted, 89, 172.
-, cloth trade: 42, 79, 81, 84, 87, 90, 97, 99-100, 102-5, 129-31, 169, Brabant, 91, Flemish, 44, Norwich stuffs, 172, panni Jarrexe, 44, 'stained', 102; assize of, 44; mkts., 99, 484, 486; see also clothing, taxation (aulnage).

Thackeray, Wm. Makepeace, the novelist, 289.

Thanet, Isle of, 13 n.

Theatre Royal, 208, 246, 264, 267, 286, 289, 302, 364, 533-4; cinema in, 534; Y. Citizens Theatre Trust, 534.

theatres (other than Theatre Royal), 341, 409, 533.

Theodore, Abp. of Canterbury, 5.

'Thevesdale', 97, 511.

Thief Bridge, see Tang Hall Bridge.

Thief Lane, see Leeman Rd., Station Ave., Station Rd.

Thirsk, John, 79, 104, 111; see also Thirske.

Thirsk and District News , 540-1.

Thirske, John, 384; see also Thirsk.

Thistlethwaite, Mary, 422.

Thomas, Earl of Lancaster, 55.

Thomas I, Abp., 20-23, 337, 344, 376, 403.

Thomas II, Abp., 384.

Thomas, Ernaldus s. of, see Ernaldus.

Thomas, of Fulford, 40.

Thomas, of Reedness, 79.

Thomas, of St. Lawrence, 382.

Thomas, priest of St. Mary, Walmgate, 394.

Thomas, s. of Elviva, 37.

Thomas, s. of Ulf (fl. 12th cent.), 29 n.

Thomas, s. of Ulviet, 32.

Thomas, the larderer, see Lardiner.

Thomason (Thomson), Steph. (Dr. Stephens), 144, 157.

Thomas's Hotel, 533.

Thompson, Edw. (of Escrick, d. 1701), 180, 193-4, 240; Edw. (of Escrick, d. 1742), 181, 241-2, 472; Edwin (ironfounder), 272; Sir Hen. (of Escrick, d. 1683), 180, 192-3, 240, 525; Sir Hen. (of Middlethorpe, d. 1692), Hosp. of, 160, 424, 433, 437; Hen. (of Escrick, d. 1700), 181; Leonard, 432; Ric., 118 n; see also Lawley.

Thompson's Hosp., see Thompson (Sir Hen. of Middlethorpe, d. 1692).

Thomson, Sir Ivo, 539; Sir Wilf. Home, 539; Abp. Wm., 303, 306, 354.

Thored, Earl of Y., 14.

Thoresby, Abp., John, 337, 346; Ralph, the antiquary, 247.

Thornborough, John, 157.

Thornhill, Frances, 437-8, 440, 447; —, 430.

Thornton, Joan, m. John Thwaites, 496; John and w. Alice, 496; John, of Coventry, 107; Mary, 460; Rob., 496; Thos., 147; Sir Wm., 242; Wm., s. of Sir Wm., 242-3; Wm. (fl. 1766), 545; Col. —, 460; —, s. of Col. Thornton, 460.

Thornton (near Helperby, N.R.), bridge at, 98.

Thorp Arch (W.R.), 318 n, 319, 436.

Thorpe, Ant., 535; John, 361; W. H., 406.

Thorpe Willoughby (W.R.), 425.

thread, see textiles.

Thurbrand the Hold, 14, 15.

'Thurbrand's House', 14.

Thurgrim (fl. 11th cent.), 336.

Thurkill, Thos., 74.

Thursday Market (as the site of mkts.), 82, 90, 98, 184, 230, 484-5, 487-90; buildings of, 485; cross, 246, 248, 485, 490, sch. in, 485; Whitsun fair, 490; see also St. Sampson's Sq.

Thursgayle, Thurslane, see Cumberland St.

Thurstan, Abp., 26, 32.

Thurstan (Turstin) (fl. 12th cent.), 29.

Thwaites, Isabel, m. Sir Wm. Fairfax, 496; Joan, see Thornton; John, 496.

Tickhill, Wm. of, 26, 45; —, dau. of Wm., m. Hugh, s. of Lefwin, 46.

Tickhill (W.R.), 361, 373.

tiles, see building.

Tilling, Thos., 478.

Tilmire, 316, 498-9.

timber, see building.

tin, see metal.

Tingley (W.R.), 462.

tinkers, see metal.

Tireman (Tyreman), Hen., 176, 435, 437, 439.

Tiverton (Devon), 215.

tobacco, shops, 199; trade, 215; tobacco-pipe makers, 167, 219.

Toc, see Coc.

Tockwith (W.R.), 318 n.

Todd, Thos., 433; Sir Wm., 63, 65, 78, 105, 112-13; —, 460.

Toft Green (King's Tofts), 52, 120, 324, 330-1, 362-3, 374 n, 511; cattle mkt., 489; house of correction, 494.

Toka (fl. 11th cent.), 336.

Tollbooth, The, 34, 51, 515-17; toll collector of, 223.

Toller, And., 389; Ric. le, 385, 389.

Tollerton (N.R.), 98.

tolls, 20, 23, 31-32, 35, 38-41, 65-66, 72, 86, 97, 123, 130, 138, 224; collectors, 233 n; for bridges, 51718, 520; see also taxation (pontage); for building defences, 41, 510-11, see also taxation (murage); for maintenance of staiths, 97; in mkts. and fairs, 484-91; lestage, 31-32; levied by Hull, 196; levied by larderers, 495; on corn, 221, 233; on fish, 18th cent., 222; on goods carried on R. Ouse, 472-4, 514; on malt, 233; on wool, 35, 42, 223.

Tomlinson, John, 428.

Tong, John, 70, 112.

Topcliffe (N.R.), 404.

Topham, Chris., 161, 191; Mat., 180, 202; fam., 181.

Topham's Staith, 161, 210.

tories, see politics.

Torksey (Lincs.), 10, 27.

'Torp' (in Dom. Bk.), 313 n.

Torre, Jas., 200, 249; cited, 249, 342, 351, 374, 381, 383, 403.

Tostig, Earl of Northumbria, 15, 16.

tourism, 309.

tournaments, medieval, 26, 341.

Tours (Indre et Loire), Abbey of, 8, 9, 17.

tow, spinning and weaving, 134, 257, 508; see also Y. Flax and Tow Spinning and Weaving Co.

Tower Cinema, 534.

Tower St. (Castlegate Lane), 209, 284, 362, 478; drill hall, 542; sch. in, 457 n.

town clerk, see corp.

Towne, Ric., 546.

Townend, Geo., 237, 422, 424, 437; Rob., 422.

Townsend, Marg., 408.

Towthorpe (E.R.), 461.

Towton (W.R.), battle of, 60, 87.

toys, manuf., 225, 259.

trade, retail, 136-7, 167, 258-9, 261, 294, 309, shopkeepers and hucksters, 114, 214, 219, 225, see also chandlers, chapmen, china-dealers, grocers; regulation of, 178, 183; offences, engrossing, 168, 222, forestalling, 82, 134, 168, 222, regrating, 99, 125 n, 132, 134, 168, 222; see also Y. Traders' Assoc., Y. Trades Council.

trade unions, 287-8, 292, 301; see also Amalgamated Soc. of Rly. Servants.

tramways, 276, 295-7, 463, 477-8; Y. Tramways Co., 295, 477-8.

transport, 472-81 (see also under the individual services there listed); transport-workers, 258, 294, 309.

Treasurer's House, see St. Peter (Met. Ch. of).

Trent, Riv., 4, 97, 322.

Trevecca (Brecknock.), 406.

Trevor, Geo., 303, 305, 371.

Trew (Trewe, True), And., 371, 488, 508; John, 492.

Trigge, Wm., 506.

Trinity Chap., Acomb, 412 n.

Trinity Chap., Peckitt St., 412-13, 416, 466.

Trinity Gardens, 207, 360.

Trinity Hosp. (Merchant Adventurers' Hosp.), 106, 134, 229, 422, 436; guild of Our Lord and the Blessed Virgin in, 111, 482.

Trinity Lane, 331, 360, 535; sch. 457 n.

trunk-makers, see leather.

Trussebut, fam., 50, 388.

Tryer, Lady, 402.

Tuberculosis Dispensary, see public health.

Tubley, Dr. Steph., 149, 157.

Tucker, Capt., 311.

tufa , 4.

Tuke, Dan., 265, 469, 472; Esther, 253; Hen., 225, 471-2; Jas. Hack., 472; John, 265; Mary, 225; Sam., 265, 288, 460, 469, 472; Wm., 225, 246, 253, 443, 471-2; fam., 305, 472.

Tundu, Wm., 381.

Tunnok, Ric., 496.

Tupper-Carey, A. D., 357.

Turfin (fl. 1086), 22.

Turner, Chas., 243-4; Chris., 437-8; J. H., 546; John (fl. 1662), 181; John (d. by 1927), 430; Wm., 157.

turners, see carpenters.

Turnham, Wm. de, 30.

turnpikes, 210, 224, 234, 475-7.

Turpin, Dick, highwayman, 247, 380 n.

Turstin, see Thurstan.

'tuuf', see tufa.

Tyburn, see gallows.

Tyburn Lane, 314.

Tyne, Riv., 10.

Tynemouth (Northumb.), 9 n, see also Savage (Wm. and Rob.); Priory of, 109.

typhoid, typhus, see public health.

Tyreman, see Tireman.

Ughtred, Sir Rob., 524.

Uhtred, Earl of Y. and Northumbria, 14-15.

Ulf (fl. 12th cent.), 29 n; see also Thos., s. of.

Ulseby, Hugh, 101.

Ultra Usam , Thos. de (prob. = Thos. s. of Ulviet), 26, 32.

Ulvet, s. of Forne, 21, 32.

Ulviet, see Thos., s. of.

Underwood, John, 157.

Union St., Prim. Meth. Mission in, 414.

Union Terr., 364.

Unitarians, 252, 404-5, 425, 449; college for, 449.

United Brethren, see Plymouth Brethren, 'exclusive'.

university, petitions to found at Y., 199, 256.

upholsterers, see carpenters.

Urpington, Nic., see Wispington.

Use of York, see St. Peter (Met. Ch. of).

Utrecht (Netherlands), 8.

Vagrants' Office, see poor relief.

Vale of York, see Y., Vale of.

Valla, Lorenzo, the humanist, 156.

Vanbellaer, —, 157 n.

Vanbrugh, Sir John, dramatist and architect, 386.

Varley, Joan, 46 n.

Vaux, John, 202-3, 430, 436-7.

Vavasour (Wavasor), Dorothy, w. of Dr. Thos., 153 n; John (fl. 1486), 63, 65, 74; John le (fl. 1252), 391; Rob. le, 391; Dr. Thos., 153, 157; fam., 205.

Veere (Netherlands), 104.

Velasquez, the painter, 396.

velvet weaver, see textiles.

Venice (Italy), 157.

Verdennel (of the Marsh), Adam, 30; Rob., and his w. Mariot, 402; fam., 46, 51.

Verecundius, Marcus, Diogenes, a sevir, 330, 332.

Vernon, see Harcourt.

Vescy, Rob. de, 524 n; Wm., 86, 112, 369.

Vesing (fl. 12th cent.), 40.

vestment-makers, see clothing.

Vicars, Nic., 75.

Vicars Choral, see St. Peter (Met. Ch. of).

Vicars Lane, see College St.

Vicars Leas, 83, 314, 499, 500 n.

Vickers and Hugill, Messrs., 376.

Victor St., 414.

Victoria, Queen, 292; jubilee of, 275, 293.

Victoria Bar, 414, 513 n, 514.

Victoria Bar Chap., 414; Prim. Meth. Circuit, 414-15, 455.

Victoria Hall, Goodramgate (Sanderson's Temperance Hotel, Temperance Lecture Hall), 415, 417; cinema in, 534.

Victorina, Julia, citizen of Rom. Y., 332.

Vienne (Isère), 325.

Vikings, see Norsemen.

Villiers, Geo., 2nd Duke of Buckingham, 182 n, 192-3, 195, 198-9.

Vincent, Hen., Chartist leader, 292.

Vine St., 360.

Violette, printer of Rouen, 156.

Vitruvius, M., Pollio, the architect, 531.

Waddington, T. A. J., 540-1; W. A., 534; W. H., 534; fam., 534.

Waid, —, 427.

Waide, Chris., 429.

wainscots, see building.

Waite, Thos., 405.

waits (city minstrels), 74, 116, 158, 182, 233 n, 237, 247, 546.

Wake, Dr. —, 469.

Wakefield (W.R.), 90, 125, 257, 477, 491 n, 533-4; asylum at, 469; battle of, 59; Diocese of, 453.

'Walbegate', see Walmgate.

Wales, Prince of, see Geo. IV.

Walker, Chas. Cameron, 468, Homes of, 427; Eleanor Vause, 427-8, 431; John (d. by 1910), 431, 436; John, ironfounder, 259, 272-3; Peter, 148; Thos. Harry, 437-8; Thos., 546; Wm., 273.

Walkington, John, 431.

Waller, Rob., 358, 530; Thos., 119 n, 137 n.

Wallis, Giles, 432.

walls, access to for defence, 341; breaching for railway, 480; chamber in, 329; construction and maintenance, 10, 51, 55, 63, 68, 70, 77, 107, 121, 123, 142, 160-1, 174, 178, 185, 188-9, 234, 237, 262, 510-13, 529; moat of, 107, 184, 230, 362-3; mure-masters, 124, 183, 229, 512; preservation of, 236, 539; otherwise mentioned, 1, 21, 23, 330, 339, 360, 362-4, 528; see also taxation, tolls.

Walmesley, Chris., 516.

Walmgate (Walbegate), 20, 32, 42, 48-49, 77, 87, 210, 282, 287, 336, 386, 425, 488, 511, cattle mkt., 260, Congregational Chap. in, 407, 416, fair, 489, 491.
-, gen. dist. of, 38, 51, 160, 189, 207, 278, 284, 286, 297-8, 308, 410, 419, 510-11, ditch round, 507, 511.

Walmgate Bar, 52-53, 63, 85, 190, 325, 479, 510, 511, 513-14; fair at, 490-1.

Walmgate Nat. Sch., see Speculation St. Sch.

Walmgate Stray, 316, 503-5.

Walmgate Ward, 77, 163, 170-1, 173, 214, 226-7, 283, 291, 314-16, 318, 321, 436, 502, 504-5; pasture, 501; workhouse, 227.

Walpole, Sir Rob., 1st Earl of Orford, 242.

Walter, s. of Faganulf, 386, 394.

Walter, Abp. Hubert, 27.

Waltheof I, Earl of Northumbria, father of Uhtred, 14.

Waltheof II, Earl of Northumbria, s. of Siward, 15, 18.

Walton (W.R.), 45, 318 n.

Walworth St., 406.

Wandesford (possibly also Wannesworthe), Elias de, 372; Mary, Hosp. of (Old Maids' Hosp.), 426.

Wandsforth (Freez), Gerard, 156.

Wanless, Thos., 353.

Wannesworthe (? = Wandesford), Ely, 372.

Waplington (E.R.), 521.

Ward, Caesar and his w. Ann, 249-50, 538; Isabel, 429; Noah, 404; Ralph, 205, 404; Rob., 88, 102-3; S. W., 525; Sam., 525; Thos., 428; fam., 525.

Ward and Leckenby, Messrs., 403.

wards, in gen., 20, 76-77, 128, 133, 142, 182, 314-15, 318, 321; dungcarts of, 108; fire service in, 465; refuse dumps for, 119; representation in common council, 174, 178, 239; stocks in, see stocks; views of the poor in, 170-1.
-, officers: in gen., 119, 315; constables, 77, 211, 314 n, 319; pasture masters, see common lands; serjeants, 77; wardens, 77, 108, 152, 528.
-, see also Acomb, Bootham, Castlegate, Clifton, Coney St., Fishergate, Guildhall, Heworth, Holgate, Knavesmire, Micklegate, Monk, North St., Scarcroft, Walmgate Wards.

Ware, Mary Ann, 435.

Warenne, John de, Earl of Surrey (Earl de Warenne), 28.

Wark-on-Tweed (Northumb.), castle of, 65.

Warkworth (Northumb.), 58.

Warter (Wartre), Nic. de, 386; Ric., 402.

Warter (E.R.), Priory, 388.

Warthell (also Ratcliffe), John, 380 n.

Warthill, John (fl. 1293), 53; John of (fl. 1425), 380; Thos. (fl. 1293), 53; Thos. of (fl. 1425), 380.

Wartre, see Warter.

Warwick, Earls of, see Neville.

Warwick, Abbot Simon de, 51, 358, 529.

Warwike, Isabel, 157.

Wastrel Sch., 457.

watch and ward, 20, 81, 142, 182, 187-90, 192; for plague, 173; for vagrants, 171; on bars and posterns, 211.

Wateby, Ric. de, 385.

water supply, 119-20, 136, 162, 178, 211, 265, 275, 278, 281, 285, 460-1; water carriers (leaders), 116, 460-1, see also Hall (Wm.); watering places, 210; waterworks (Y. Waterworks Co.), 185, 211, 281, 293, 309, 461, 465, baths at, 467; wells and springs, 119, 281, 362 n, 461.

Water End, 427.

Water Lane, par. hall in, 445.

Water Lane Housing Estate, 419, 444.

Water Lane Sch., see Burton Stone Secondary Sch.

Water Lanes (now Cumberland St., Friargate, King St., q.v.), 277, 281, 284, 286, 296, 488.

Waterhouse, David, 508-9; Steph., 509.

Waterhouse Tower, see Lendal Tower.

Watervill, Maud of, w. of Wm. Palmes, 380; Ric. of, 380.

Watkins, —, 407.

Watkinson, G., 427.

Watson, Ann, 437-8; D. M., Miss, 417 n; Hen., 429, 431, 433; John, 371; Rob., 148; Steph., 180, 205, 435-6; Wm., 401; Lady —, 404.

Watson and Pritchett, Messrs., 406-7.

Watson St., 454.

Watson-Wentworth, Chas., 2nd Marquis of Rockingham, 243-4.

Watt, Wm., 468.

Watter, Sir Rob., 161, 180, 378, 423, 428, 437, 546, Hosp. of, 160, 423, 437; Wm., 180.

Wavasor, see Vavasour.

wax, trade in, 98-100, 103, 105; waxchandlers, 116.

weavers, see textiles.

Webster, Geo., 338.

Webster's Passage, 417-18.

Weddall, Wm., 428, 437.

Weighton, Market (E.R.), rly. to, 478.

weights and measures, assizes of (ale, bread, wine), 40, 68-69, 71, 168, 195; bailiffs of measures, 31; inspection of, 168, 223; keepers of, 74; measurers, 169, 223-4.

Welburne, Thos., 508.

Well (N.R.), St. Michael's Hosp. at, 373, 381.

Wellbeloved, Chas., 252, 305, 405, 449, 536.

wells, see water supply.

Wenham, L. P., Esq., 324 n, 326 n, 329 n.

Wenlock, Baron, see Lawley.

Wensdale, Brian, 157 n.

Wentworth, Godfrey, 241-2; Sir Thos., 1st Earl of Strafford, 121 n, 178, 182 n, 186-7, 198, 320, 530; Wm., 380, 382.

Wentworth, Chaloner, Rishworth & Co., bankers, 261.

'Werkdyke', 511 n.

Wesley, Chas., the evangelist, 353, 408; John, the evangelist, 252, 353, 394, 408-9, 412.

Wesley Chap. (Priory St. Chap.), 305-6, 409-10, 441, 450; Meth. Circuit, 409-10, 412-13, 415.

Wesley Place, mission in, 418; Sunday Sch., 413.

Wesley Place Schs., 457-8.

Wessex, Kings of, see Eadred, Edmund, Edmund Ironside, Edward the Elder; Earls of, see Harold II.

West Moor, 501.

West Riding Itinerant Soc., see Yorks. (W.R.).

West Thorpe Chap., 413.

West Villa, 471.

West Yorks. Road Car Co., 296, 478.

Westby, —, 383 n.

Westfield Schs., 458.

Westminster Press Provincial Newspaper Co., 539.

Westmorland, Earls of, see Neville.

Wetherby (W.R.), 56; road to (Turnpike), 475-6.

Wharfe, Riv., 318-19, 472.

wharfs, see staiths.

Wharton, Thos., 1st Baron, 319.

wheat, see grain.

wheelwrights, see carpenters.

Wheldrake (E.R.), 26, 251.

Wheler, Lady Trevor (formerly Mrs. Willey), 403, 442.

Whigs, see politics.

Whipmawhopmagate, 209, 448.

Whistler, —, 460.

Whitby (N.R.), coach service to, 477; synod of, 4, 343; Abbey of, 23, 49, 366, 368-9, chartulary of, 518 n, monk of, see Stephen.

Whitby Terr., 413.

White, Grace, 537; John (fl. 1688), 200, 537; John (fl. 1725), 537-8;
-, Sir Thos., 134, 437-8; Dr. Wm., 433; —, 440.

White Cross Hill, 498.

White Cross Mill, 506.

White Cross Rd., 506.

White Friar Lane, 365.

White Horse Inn, 477.

White House, in Skeldergate, 410.

White Stone Cross, 315.

White Swan Inn, 477.

Whitehead, Geo., 405-6; John, 428, 437.

Whiteley's Court, see St. Saviour's Court.

Whitelock, Prof. Dorothy, 5n, 13 n.

Whitgift, John, Abp. of Canterbury, 154.

Whitling, Ralph, 148.

Whittacres, John, 201.

Whittingham (Northumb.), 11 n.

Whittington, Rob., 156.

Whixley (W.R.), Friends Mtg., 405.

Wickham, Hen., 203.

Wicksteed, —, 464.

Widdington Ings, 319.

Widdrington, Sir Thos., 181, 191, 192, 200, 249; cited, 508, 546.

Wigginton (N.R.), commoning in, 316, 499; land at, 383, 395, 432, 435, 468, 503.

Wiggington Moor, 501.

Wiggington Rd., 316, 411, 415, 498.

Wighill (W.R.), 319.

Wigmund, Abp., 9, 335.

'Wiheal' (a place so called), 15.

Wilberforce, Wm., the philanthropist, 244, 459.

Wilberfoss (E.R.), 389.

Wilde, Oscar, the playwright, 534 n.

Wilfrid II, Bp. (of Y.), 337, 343.

Wilkins, Wm., 535.

Wilkinson, Agnes, 405; John (prob. d. by 1727), 435; John (fl. 1814), 534; Tate, 246, 533-4.

Willey, Jocelyn, 403, 442; see also Wheler.

Willey's Sch., see Bilton St. Sch.

William I, King, 12, 16-19, 21-23, 25, 396-7, 509, 521, 528.

William II, King, 23-24, 341, 368, 396-7, 401, 403.

William III, King (as Wm. of Orange), 194, 200.

William IV, King, coronation of, 267.

William the Lion, King of Scotland, 26-27.

William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, 234, 242.

William of Aumale, Earl of Y., 26.

William of Hunmanby, 40.

William of Malmesbury, 17, 25, 42.

William of Worcester, 59.

William of York, Bp. of Salisbury, 53.

William (1), priest of St. Denys's ch., 379.

William (2), priest of St. Denys's ch., 379.

William, s. of Rainer, 377.

William, the deacon, 394.

William (fl. 12th cent.), 29 n.

Williams, Hen., 148; Abp., John, 351; Peter, 203, 404.

Williamson, —, 353.

Willis, —, 546.

Willmot, G. F., Esq., 325 n, 326 n, 328 n, 329 n, 335 n.

Willoughby, Digby Wentworth Bayard, 9th Baron Middleton, 388.

Wilson, Ann, 426; Clara, 426, 434; Dorothy, 380, 425, 431, 437, 458; Hosp. of, 425, 458; Schs., 253, 380, 458; Edm., 437; Ellen, Hosp. of, 427; Mary, 426; Home of (Sisters Wilson's), 426, 437; Miles, 148; Nat., 429; T., 427; Thos. (fl. 1554), 148; Thos. (fl. 1816), 431.

Wilson, Spence and Mawman, Messrs., 538.

Wilson, Tweedy and Wilson, bankers, 261.

Wilton, Bishop (E.R.), 332.

Wilton St. (Wilton Rise), 411; mission, 411, 417; sch., 458.

Winchelsea and Nottingham, Earls, see Finch.

Winchester (Hants), 18; Bp. of, 350, see also Henry of Blois.

Windsor (Berks.), Coll. Ch. of, Dean and Canons of, 546.

Windsor St., Meth. mission, 413.

wine, trade, 31, 41-42, 45, 57, 81, 98-99, 102-3, 105, 131 n; royal supply of, 27-28, 36, 45, 54; gauger for, 98; otherwise mentioned, 28, 36, 64, 68.
-, vintners (wine-merchants), 27, 41, 71-72, 114, 179, 195, 215-16, 259, see also Croft (John), Stainforth; guild, 44.

Winn, Sir Rowland, 243.

Winterfugel (fl. 11th cent.), 336.

Winterscale, Rob., Hosp. of, 425.

Winterscale St., 382.

Wintringham, Dr. Clifton, 249; Wm. de, 380.

wiredrawers, see metal.

Wisbech (Cambs.), 99.

Wispington (in error 'Urpington'), Nic., 79 n.

Wistow, Rob. and his w. Helwisa, 110.

Wistow (W.R.), 431.

Withernsea (E.R.), vicar of, see Mell.

Withers, Dr. —, 470.

Withsgne (?o) ta (fl. 11th cent.), 29 n.

Wittie, Rob., 200.

Wolfe, Gen. Jas., 379.

Woller, Wm., 436.

Wolsey, Thos., Cardinal and Abp., 123, 135, 137, 143, 149.

Wolstenholme, Alice, M., 435; G. J., 426; John, 539.

Wolsthrope, Sir Oswald, 141, 145, 159.

Wombwell, Cath., 434; Wm., 407.

Wonwaldremere (a place so called), 6.

Wood, Chas. Lindley, 2nd Vct. Halifax, 356; Ric., 434; Thos. F. & Co., 409.

Woodhouse, Jas., 435, 437.

wool, trade, 42-43, 45, 50, 79, 81-82, 84, 100-5, 125, 134, 172, 222-3; mkts., 222-3, 260, 275, 485, 487, 489; woolmen, wool-packers, 114; see also taxation, tolls.

Woolman, John, 406.

Worcester, bps. of, 16; see also Ealdred.

Worde, Wynkyn de, the printer, 156.

workhouses, Y. Workhouse (later, The City Institution, later, The Grange), 280, 467, 470; (manufactories), 134, 167, 171-2, 215, 219-20, 227, 263, 266, 279-80; see also All Saints, Pavement, par., Cumberland House, Marygate, St. Anthony's Hall, St. George's Chap., St. Martin, Micklegate, par., St. Mary, Bishophill, Junior, par., St. Maurice's par., Skeldergate, Spinning Sch., Walmgate Ward.

Working Men's Clubs, 302, 307.

Workpeople's Hosp. Cttee., see public health (hospitals).

Wormald's Cut, 273, 475.

Wrangwissh, Thos., 61-62, 82, 105.

Wren, Wm., 406-7.

Wright, Ann, 432, Almshouse of, 424; Fred., 426, 435; Geo., 434; Jas., 429; Jane, 430; Wm., 428, 433, 437; —, 119.

Wryght, John, 434.

Wulfhere, Abp., 10.

Wulfsi (fl. 12th cent.), 29 n.

Wulfstan, Abp., 12, 17.

Wyclif, John, the religious reformer, 96.

Wydown, —, 407.

Wyles, Ranulf, 43.

Wyllardeby, Thos., 67.

Wyman, Agnes, 58 n; Hen., 58, 70, 102, 105, 109, 112; Joan, m. Sir Wm. Gascoigne, 112.

Wyndowes, Wm., 94.

'Wyndsour' (a house so called), 51.

Wythornsee, Alice de, see Clifton; John de, 496; Rob. de, 496.

Yapham (E.R.), 521.

Yarbrugh, Henrietta Maria, 386.

Yarburgh, Hen., 509.

Yates, Chas., 422, 437.

Yearsley Amateur Swimming Club, see sports and pastimes.

Yearsley Baths, 467.

Yearsley Bridge, 315-16, 503; rd. to, 506-7.

Yearsley Bridge Hosp., 467, 470.

Yeoman, Wm., 430-1.

Yeoman Sch., 453, 458.

yeomen, 116, 219; see also Waller (Thos.).

Yol (fl. 12th cent.), 40.

Yorebridge (N.R.), Grammar Sch., 477 n.

York, Duchy of, 60; Dukes of, see James II, Richard.

York, Earldom of, Earls of, see Ælfhelm, Æthelheard (ealdorman), Alric (ealdorman), Eric, Oslac, Thored, Uhtred, Wm. of Aumale.

York, Kingdom of, Kings of, see Æthelwold, Egbert, Eric Bloodaxe, Guthfrith, Guthred, Olaf, Olaf Guthfrithson, Olaf Sihtricson, Rægnald, Ricsige, Sihtric.

York (Yorke), Chris., 113; Joan, see Mauleverer; John, 113; Sir Ric., 63, 65, 79, 82, 104-5, 107, 109, 111-13, 385; Ric. (fl. 1500), 113; Thos., 113; Wm., 113; see also Yorke.

York (Eboracum, Eburacum, Eβópakov, 'Boar Town'), as a place-name, 2, 322.

York, Vale of, 25, 40, 108.

York 'A' and Tadcaster Hosp. Management Cttee., see public health (hospitals).

York Academic Trust, 310; see also Borthwick Inst. Hist. Research, Inst. of Advanced Archit. Studies.

York Advertiser and Mid-Weekly Record , 540.

York Amateur Swimming or Humane Soc., see sports and pastimes (swimming).

York and Ripon Diocesan Training Coll., see St. John's Coll.

York and Ripon Training Coll. for Schoolmistresses, 446, 449, 458-9.

York Archaeological Soc., see Yorks. Architectural and Y. Archaeological Soc.

York Art Collection Soc., see Art Gallery (Friends of).

York Auxiliary Tract (or Bible) Soc., see religion.

York Book Soc., see libraries.

York Charitable Soc., see charities.

York Charity Trustees, see charities.

York Choral Soc., see music.

York Chronicle , 538, 539-40.

York Chronicle and General Advertiser , 538.

York Chronicle and Northern Standard , 538.

York Chronicle and Weekly Advertiser , 538.

York Church High Sch., see York Coll.

York Church Institute, see religion.

York Church Missionary Soc., see religion.

York Church Sunday Sch. Cttee., see religion.

York Citizens Theatre Trust, see theatres.

York City Asylum, see Naburn Hosp.

York City and County Bank, 261.

York City Mission, 418.

York Civic Trust, 310, 483.

York Coll. for Girls, 342, 459.

York Confectionery Co. Ltd., 274.

York Contract, the, 224.

York Co-operative Soc. (Y. Equitable Industrial Soc.), 287-8, 293, 301.

York County Asylum, see Bootham Park.

York County and District Hosp. Contributory Scheme, see public health (hospitals).

York County Gaol, see prisons.

York Courant , 230, 242, 246, 537-8, 539.

York Courant and Original Advertiser , 538.

York Diocesan Church Building Soc., see province and diocese.

York Dispensary, see Dispensary.

York and District Field Naturalists Soc., 289.

York and Dist. Football Assoc. and League, see sports and pastimes (football).

York Educational Settlement, 460.

York Engineering Co., 255.

York Entomological Soc., 289.

York Equitable Industrial Soc., see Y. Co-operative Soc.

York Field (Nun Field), 314, 500-1; mill in, 507.

York Flax and Tow-Spinning and Weaving Co., 257.

York Free Press , 540.

York Gas Co., see gas.

York Gas Light Co., see gas.

York Gazetteer , 248, 538.

York Georgian Soc., 536.

York Girls' Industrial Sch., see Industrial Ragged Sch.

York Gospels, see St. Peter (Met. Ch. of).

York Health and Housing Reform Assoc., see public health.

York Hebrew Congregation, see Hebrew Congregation.

York Herald , 257, 265, 279-80, 291, 300-1, 538-9, 540.

York Herald and County Advertiser , 538.

York Herald, County and General Advertiser , 538.

York Herald Newspaper Co. Ltd., 539.

York High Sch. for Girls, 459.

York Home for Nurses, see public health (hospitals).

York Jewish Soc., see Jews.

York Journal , 538.

York Journal , or the Protestant Courant, 538.

York Journal or the Weekly Advertiser , 538.

York Lunatic Asylum, see Bootham Park.

York Maternity Hosp., see Dispensary.

York Medical Soc., see public health.

York Mercury , 537.

York Minster Choir Sch., see St. Peter (Met. Ch. of).

York Missionary Soc., see religion.

York Musical Soc., see music.

York National Soc., see ch. schools.

York Naturalists' Club, 289.

York New Grand Opera House, see Opera House and Empire.

York, Newcastle & Berwick Rly., 479.

York and Newcastle Rly., 479.

York News Printing and Publishing Co., 540.

York and North of England Insurance Co., 261.

York and North Midland Rly., 262 n, 270-1, 478-81; Co., 269, 289.

York Police Swimming Club, see sports and pastimes.

York Public Cemetery Co., see cemeteries.

York Savings Bank, 260-1.

York and Scarborough Rly., 475.

York Sentinel , 541.

York Star , 541.

York Subscription Library, see Library.

York Sunday Sch. Cttee., see religion.

York Tavern, 477.

York Times , 540.

York Traders' Assoc., 287, 300.

York Trades Council, 292-3, 421.

York Tramways Co., see tramways.

York Union Bank, 261, 269, 289.

York Union Gas Light Co., see gas.

York Union Guardians, see poor relief.

York Union Lodge of Freemasons, see Freemasons.

York United Gas Light Co., see gas.

York Waterworks Co., see water.

York Weekly Mail , 541.

Yorke, H. G. R., 292; see also York.

Yorks Moor, see Hob Moor.

Yorkshire:
-, sheriff of, 18, 23, 27, 29-31, 33, 36, 39, 47-48, 64-65, 68, 144, 319, 508-9, 523-4, see also, Crepping, Eyvill, Malet (Wm.), Neville (Geof. and Rob.), Plantagenet, Robinson (Sir Wm., d. 1658), Ryther, Ughtred; assistant, 31; court, 195; exchequer, 523; offices (in castle), 65, 68, 523; undersheriff, 33, 313, 318, 524 n, chamber of, 523, see also Gray (J.).
-, other institutions: captain for defence of, 27; County Cttee., 525, 528; Earldom of, see York, Earls of; issues (farm) of, 494, 522, 524; fire services of, 466; Friends Quarterly Mtg. of, 405; gallows of, 497; gentry of, 180; justices of, 517; lord lieutenant of, 141, 196-7; major-general for, 190; M.P.s for, 528, see also Savile (Sir Geo.), Wilberforce; prisons of, 528; rates in county boroughs of, 299; recusancy in, 155.
-, otherwise mentioned, 10, 15, 25, 41, 131, 196, 245, 319, 515, 518, 528.
-, East Riding: Asylum, see below North Riding; County Council, 453; liberty of St. Peter in, 496; otherwise mentioned, 20, 41, 320.
-, North Riding: Asylum (North and East Riding A.), 385, 395, 470; County Council, 453; liberty of St. Peter in, 496; otherwise mentioned, 42, 209, 216, 320, 445, 463, 528.
-, West Riding: cloth of, 99, 125-6; coal supply, 224, 261; County Council, 453; Itinerant Soc., 407; liberty of St. Peter in, 496; magistrates of, 527; otherwise mentioned, 103-4, 112, 188, 224, 257, 261, 304, 446, 469.

Yorkshire Advertiser , 539-40.

Yorkshire Agricultural Bank, 292.

Yorkshire Architectural and York Archaeological Soc., 289, 535.

Yorkshire Association, see politics.

Yorkshire Aviation Services Country Club Ltd., see aerodrome.

Yorkshire Chronicle , 540.

Yorkshire Chronicle and Delittle's York Advertiser , 540-1.

Yorkshire Club (Yorkshire Union Hunt Club), 286, 289.

Yorkshire County Committee, see Yorkshire (other institutions).

Yorkshire Daily Chronicle , 540.

Yorkshire District Banking Co., 261.

Yorkshire Evening Press , 539.

Yorkshire Express , 541.

Yorkshire Fine Art and Industrial Institution, see Art Gallery.

Yorkshire Gazette , 263, 269, 469, 538-9.

Yorkshire Gazette and Herald , 539.

Yorkshire Herald , 291, 539.

Yorkshire Independent , 541.

Yorkshire Insurance Co., 261, 265, 275, 465-6.

Yorkshire Law Soc., 536.

Yorkshire Museum, see Yorks. Philosophical Soc.

Yorkshire Music Festivals, see music.

Yorkshire News , 540.

Yorkshire Observer , 540.

Yorkshire Philosophical Soc., 268, 289, 305, 358-9, 364, 535; gardens of (Museum Gardens), 268, 324-6, 328-9, 331, 511, bath in, 467, observatory in, 535; museum of (Yorkshire Museum), 260, 268, 329, 333, 359, 378, 388, 535-6.

Yorkshire , Ripon, and Richmond Chronicle, 540.

Yorkshire Sch. for the Blind, 358, 459-60, 531, 535.

Yorkshire Sugar Co., 474.

Yorkshire Telegraph , 539-40.

Yorkshire Union Hunt Club, see Yorks. Club.

Yorkshire Weekly Chronicle , 540.

Yorkshire Weekly Herald , 539.

Yorkshireman , 268, 289, 539-40.

Yotten, Thos., 75.

Youlthorpe (E.R.), 46, 370, 427.

Young, Sir Geo., 341-2; Jas., 543; Abp. Thos., 118, 139, 341-2.

Yule Riding, 152.

Zouche, Abp., Wm., 338, 347.



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